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Encyclopedia > Ali Baba
Ali Baba by Maxfield Parrish (1909).
Ali Baba by Maxfield Parrish (1909).

Ali Baba (Arabic: علي بابا) is a fictional character based in Ancient Arabia. He is described in the adventure tale of Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves, part of The Book of One Thousand and One Nights (Arabian Nights). Some critics believe that this story was added to The Book of One Thousand and One Nights by one of its European transcribers, Antoine Galland, an 18th-century French orientalist who may have heard it in oral form from an Arab story-teller from Aleppo. However, Richard F. Burton claimed it to be part of the original Book of One Thousand and One Nights. This story has also been used as a popular pantomime plot—perhaps most famously in the pantomime/musical Chu Chin Chow (1916). Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (778x1000, 254 KB)Maxfield Parrish. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (778x1000, 254 KB)Maxfield Parrish. ... The Dinky Bird, by Maxfield Parrish, an illustration from Poems of Childhood by Eugene Field, 1904. ... Arabic can mean: From or related to Arabia From or related to the Arabs The Arabic language; see also Arabic grammar The Arabic alphabet, used for expressing the languages of Arabic, Persian, Malay ( Jawi), Kurdish, Panjabi, Pashto, Sindhi and Urdu, among others. ... Alice, a fictional character based on a real character from the work of Lewis Carroll. ... Al Khazneh (Arabic for Treasury), Petra the Nabataean capital Ancient Arabia reffers to the pre-historic region which today consists of the modern-day states of the Arabian peninsula as well as the modern-day countries of Jordan, Israel, Syria, Lebanon and southern & western Iraq. ... Queen Scheherazade tells her stories to King Shahryar. ... Antoine Galland (April 4, 1646 — February 17, 1715) was a French orientalist and archaeologist, and the first European translator of the Arabian Nights. ... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800 in the Gregorian calendar. ... Languages Arabic other minority languages Religions Predominantly Sunni Islam, as well as Shia Islam, Greek Orthodoxy, Greek Catholicism, Roman Catholicism, Alawite Islam, Druzism, Ibadi Islam, and Judaism Footnotes a Mainly in Antakya. ... Aleppo (or Halab Arabic: , ) is a city in northern Syria, capital of the Aleppo Governorate. ... Richard Burton, portrait by Frederic Leighton, National Portrait Gallery, London Sir Richard Francis Burton (March 19, 1821 - October 19, 1890), British consul, explorer, translator, and Orientalist, was born at Barham House, Hertfordshire, England. ... The Christmas Pantomime colour lithograph bookcover, 1890 Pantomime (informally, panto) refers to a theatrical genre, traditionally found in Great Britain, Australia, South Africa, New Zealand and Ireland, which is usually performed around the Christmas and New Year holiday season. ... The Fantasticks is the longest-running musical in history Musical theatre is a form of theatre combining music, songs, spoken dialogue and dance. ... Chu Chin Chow is a musical comedy written, produced and directed by Oscar Asche, with music by Frederic Norton, based (with minor embelishments) on the story of Ali Baba and the 40 Thieves. ...


Baba (بابا) is an Arabic word meaning "dad."

Contents

Story

Ali Baba, a poor Arab woodcutter, happens to overhear a group of thieves—forty in all—visiting their treasure store in the forest where he is cutting wood. The thieves' treasure is in a cave, the mouth of which is sealed by magic—it opens on the words "Open, O' Simsim" (commonly written as "Open Sesame" in English), and seals itself on the words "Close, Simsim" ("Close Sesame"). When the thieves are gone, Ali Baba enters the cave himself, and takes some of the treasure home. Simsim may refer to: simsim, the word for sesame in various Semitic languages. ...


Ali Baba's rich brother, Cassim, finds out about his brother's unexpected wealth, and Ali Baba tells Cassim about the cave. Cassim goes to the cave to take more of the treasure, but in his greed and excitement over the treasures forgets the magic words to get back out of the cave. The thieves find him there, and kill him. When his brother does not come back, Ali Baba goes to the cave to look for him, and finds the body, bringing it home. With the help of Morgiana, a clever slave-girl in Cassim's household, they are able to give Cassim a proper burial without arousing any suspicions about his death. The adventure tale of Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves was added to the traditional collection of The Book of One Thousand and One Nights by its European transcriber, Antoine Galland, an 18th-century French orientalist who had heard it in oral form from a Maronite story-teller from Aleppo. ...


The thieves, finding the body gone, realize that somebody else must know their secret, and set out to track him down. The first several times they are foiled by Morgiana, who is now a member of Ali Baba's household, but eventually they are able to ascertain the location of Ali Baba's house.


The lead thief pretends to be an oil merchant in need of Ali Baba's hospitality, bringing with him mules loaded with thirty-eight oil jars, one filled with oil, the other thirty-seven with the other thieves (the two missing members were the scouts previously sent to find the house, who were killed for their failure). Once Ali Baba is asleep, the thieves plan to kill him. Again, Morgiana discovers and foils the plan, killing the thirty-seven thieves in their oil jars by pouring boiling oil on them. When their leader comes to rouse his men, he discovers that they are dead, and escapes.


To exact revenge, after some time the lead thief establishes himself as a merchant, befriends Ali Baba's son (who is now in charge of the late Cassim's business), and is invited to dinner at Ali Baba's house. The thief is recognised by Morgiana, who performs a dance with a dagger for the diners and plunges it into the heart of the thief when he is off his guard. Ali Baba gives Morgiana her freedom and she marries his son. Thus, the story ends happily for everyone except the forty thieves and Cassim.


The story has its base in a Sudanese saga of king Ali Baba of the Bija tribe (inhabited near Port Sudan). The king refused to pay the taxes to Al-Mutawakkil, the tenth Abbassi caliph in Baghdad. The rebel king sealed all gold mines in the mountains and stopped central officials from going to the whole Red Sea area. Baghdad did send its army in to keep its power upon the vital gold market in the Islamic world (it's believed that Sudan provided more than sixty percent of the Abbassi gold in the pre-crusade era) and within five years it managed to crush the rebellion. Ali Baba, taken to Baghdad, carried all the gold hidden by his men to the caliph. A public display of the great treasure and the defeated king was shown in all important cities in the road to the capital Samarra creating the legend of the caves and the legend of the thieves. In the end, Ali Baba was granted amnesty in Samarra and upon his return he gave gold to the needy in all major towns in the road as a good gesture to the Muslims whom he fought.[citation needed] Location of Port Sudan Port Sudan (Arabic: ‎) is the capital of the state of Red Sea in Sudan and has nearly 475,000 residents. ... Al-Mutawakkil Ala Allah Jafar bin al-Mutasim (821–861) (Arabic: المتوكل على الله جعفر بن المعتصم) was an Abbasid caliph who reigned (in Samarra) from 847 until 861. ... Abbasid Caliphate (Abbasid Khalifat) and contemporary states and empires in 820. ... Baghdad (Arabic: ) is the capital of Iraq and of Baghdad Governorate. ... Location of the Red Sea The Red Sea is an inlet of the Indian Ocean between Africa and Asia. ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... Map showing Samarra near Baghdad Sāmarrā (سامراء) is a town in Iraq ( ). It stands on the east bank of the Tigris in the Salah ad Din Governorate, 125 km north of Baghdad and, in 2002, had an estimated population of 201,700. ... Map showing Samarra near Baghdad Sāmarrā (سامراء) is a town in Iraq ( ). It stands on the east bank of the Tigris in the Salah ad Din Governorate, 125 km north of Baghdad and, in 2002, had an estimated population of 201,700. ...


Adaptations

  • The story was made into a Tamil movie in 1955 as "Alibabhavum Narpathu Thirudargalum" (Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves) with M.G.Ramachandran playing the lead as Ali Baba and Bhanumathi Ramakrishna as Morgiana.
  • A Malaysian comedy film, Ali Baba Bujang Lapok (1960) was loosely based on the story, wich a number of anachronisms used for humor, for example the usage of a truck by Kassim Baba to steal the robbers' loots.
  • The story was adapted in the 1971 anime Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves (アリババと40匹の盗賊 Aribaba to Yonjuppiki no Tozoku?), storyboarded by Hayao Miyazaki.
  • The concept of Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves was used for the last installment of Disney's Aladdin series, Aladdin and the King of Thieves, released in 1996
  • In the television mini series, Arabian Nights, the story is told faithfully with two major changes. The first is that when Morgiana discovers the Thieves in the oil jars, she alerts Ali Baba and together with a friend, they release the jars on a street with a steep incline and allow them roll down to break open. Furthermore, the city guard is alerted and arrest the disoriented thieves as they emerge from their containers. Later when Morgiana defeats the thief leader, Ali Baba, who is young and has no children, marries the heroine himself.

Ali Baba Bujang Lapok is a 1960 Malaysian comedy film directed by, written by and starring Malaysian silver-screen legend P. Ramlee. ... The driver of this DAF tractor with an auto-transport semi-trailer truck prepares to offload Škoda Octavia cars in Cardiff, Wales For other articles with similar names, see Lorry (disambiguation) and truck (disambiguation). ... The main cast of the anime Cowboy Bebop (1998) (L to R: Spike Spiegel, Jet Black, Ed Tivrusky, Faye Valentine, and Ein the dog) For the oleo-resin, see Animé (oleo-resin). ... Hayao Miyazaki ) (Born January 5, 1941 in Tokyo, Japan) is a director of animated films and a co-founder of the animation studio and production company Studio Ghibli. ... Disney may refer to: The Walt Disney Company and its divisions, including Walt Disney Pictures. ... Aladdin in the Magic Garden, an illustration by Max Liebert from Ludwig Fuldas Aladin und die Wunderlampe Aladdin (an adaptation of the Arabic name , Arabic: علاء الدين literally nobility of faith) is one of the tales with an Ancient Arabian origin[1] in The Book of One Thousand and One Nights... Aladdin and the King of Thieves is a direct-to-video animated film made by Disney, released on August 13, 1996. ... Arabian Nights is a three-hour, two-part miniseries that was made by Hallmark Entertainment, originally shown over two nights on April 30, and May 1, 2000 on ABC in the United States and BBC One in the United Kingdom. ...

In other media

  • A Bugs Bunny/Daffy Duck cartoon, Ali Baba Bunny, has a similar premise to the concept of the treasure-filled magical cave, in which Daffy Duck is consumed by the same greed as Cassim.[vague]
  • In the Beastie Boys song "Rhymin & Stealin" they make reference to Ali Baba and the forty thieves.
  • Akon makes reference to Ali Baba in the song Never Gonna Get It.

Sonic and the Secret Rings, (formerly known by the working title Sonic Wild Fire), is a video game within the Sonic the Hedgehog series that was released exclusively for the Wii on February 20, 2007 in North America, in Europe on March 2, 2007[1] and in Japan on March... Sonic the Hedgehog comics, see Tails (comic character). ... Bugs Bunny is an Academy Award-winning fictional animated rabbit who appears in the Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies series of animated films produced by Warner Bros. ... Daffy, as Duck Dodgers, faces off against Marvin the Martian in the 1953 short Duck Dodgers in the 24½th Century, a parody of Buck Rogers. ... Ali Baba Bunny is a Warner Brothers Looney Tunes short featuring Bugs Bunny and Daffy Duck, directed by Chuck Jones and released in 1957. ... The Beastie Boys are a musical group from the New York City boroughs of Brooklyn and Manhattan. ... Kishan Aliaune Damala Bouga Time Puru Nacka Badara Akon Thiam,[1][2] often going by the shorter Aliaune Thiam[3] (born October 14, 1981),[4] and better known by his stage name Akon, is an American R&B singer, rapper, songwriter, record producer, and record executive. ...

Iraq War

  • The name Ali Baba was often used as derogatory slang by Americans Soldiers and their allies in the War in Iraq to describe individuals suspected of a variety of offenses related to theft and looting.[1] In the subsequent occupation it is used as a general term for the Iraqis, similar to "Hajji," or Charlie for the Viet Cong in the Vietnam War.[2]
  • Due to interaction of the two peoples, the term Ali Baba was adopted by the Iraqis to describe foreign troops suspected of looting,[3] and the English-speaking mainstream press mistakenly reported the slang to be native to the locals.[4]

Slang is the use of highly informal words and expressions that are not considered standard in the speakers dialect or language. ... The United States Army is the largest branch of the armed forces of the United States. ... This article deals with the post-invasion period in Iraq and its occupation. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Look up Charlie in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A Viet Cong soldier, heavily guarded, awaits interrogation following capture in the attacks on Saigon during the festive Tet holiday period of 1968. ... Combatants Republic of Vietnam United States Republic of Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand The Philippines National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam Democratic Republic of Vietnam People’s Republic of China Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea Strength US 1,000,000 South Korea 300,000 Australia 48,000... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ...

Malaysia

  • This term refer to malay & non-malay partnership to get government contracts due to NEP where malay get preference. In this way, the malay get money, while the non-malay do the work.

See also NEP. In Norse mythology, Nep was the father of Nanna. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Vasagar, Jeevan. Court martial hears of drowned Iraqi's final moments. Retrieved on 2007-04-18.
  2. ^ Fumento, Michael. Back to Falluja: The Iraqi Army versus the Keystone Kops insurgency. Retrieved on 2007-04-18.
  3. ^ Levin, Jerry. Will The Real Ali Baba Please Stand Up Retrieved on 2007-04-18.
  4. ^ Human Rights Watch. The Security situation immediately after the fall of Basra. Retrieved on 2007-04-18.

External links

  • "Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves" (e-text, in English)
  • Waller Hastings, "Ali Baba and the forty Thieves": essay
  • Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves and the Arabian Nights at the Internet Movie Database

  Results from FactBites:
 
Ali Baba Grill ~ Golden/Highlands Ranch CO (691 words)
Ali Baba Grill ~ Golden/Highlands Ranch CO Once upon a time...in a distant Persian city lived two brothers called Ali Baba and Kasim.
Ali Baba was terribly poor, Kasim, however, had a rich wife, and he lived in a big fine house.
Ali Baba lit a flare and entered the cave.
Appendix. The Story of ‘Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves. 1909-14. Stories from the Thousand and One Nights. The ... (5542 words)
All that day ‘Ali Baba and his wife were seen going between Kasim’s and their own house, and nobody was surprised in the evening to hear the lamentable shrieks and cries of Kasim’s wife and Marjaneh, who gave out everywhere that her master was dead.
Baba Mustafa went with Marjaneh, who, after she had bound his eyes with a handkerchief at the place she had mentioned, conveyed him to her deceased master’s house, and never uncovered his eyes till he had entered the room where she had put the corpse together.
‘Ali Baba put a piece of gold into the tabor, as did also his son; and Khoja Hoseyn, seeing that she was coming to him, had pulled his purse out of his bosom to make her a present; but while he was putting his hand into it, Marjaneh plunged the poniard into his heart.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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