FACTOID # 6: Michigan is ranked 22nd in land area, but since 41.27% of the state is composed of water, it jumps to 11th place in total area.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Ali ibn Husayn
Part of the series on

Islam
Islām is described as a dīn, meaning way of life and/or guidance. Six articles of belief There are six basic beliefs shared by all Muslims: 1. ...

History of Islam Islām is described as a dīn, meaning way of life and/or guidance. Six articles of belief There are six basic beliefs shared by all Muslims: 1. ... Image File history File links I made this. ... The History of Islam involves the history of the Islamic faith as a religion and as a social institution. ...

Beliefs and practices

Oneness of God
Profession of Faith
Prayer · Fasting
Pilgrimage · Charity This article is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... This article is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... The word Allāh is the Arabic term for God. It is most commonly used in Islam and refers to the eternal monotheist Deity. ... See Shahada (India) for the Indian town called Shahada (in Maharashtra state). ... Salah (also known as salat, solat, solah and several other spellings) (Arabic: صلاة, Quranic Arabic: صلوة) refers to the five daily ritual prayers that Muslims offer to Allah (God). ... Sawm is the name of fasting regulated by the Islamic jurisprudence. ... The Hajj or Haj (Arabic: حَجّ Ḥaǧǧ) is the Pilgrimage to Mecca (or, Makkah) and is the fifth of the Five Pillars of Islam in Sunni Islam and one of the ten Branches of Religion in Shia Islam. ... Zakât (or Zakaat or Zakah) (English:tax, alms, tithe) (Arabic: زكاة, Old (Quran) Arabic: زكوة) is the third of the Five Pillars of Islam in Sunni Islam and one of the Branches of Religion in Shia Islam. ...

Major figures

Muhammad
Ali · Abu Bakr
Companions of Muhammad
Household of Muhammad
Prophets of Islam This list is poorly defined, permanently incomplete, or has become unverifiable or an indiscriminate list or repository of loosely associated topics. ... Muhammad is a common Muslim male name. ... This person is among the Sahaba of Muhammad . ... Abu Bakr As Siddiq (Arabic ابو بكر الصديق, alternative spellings, Abubakar, Abi Bakr, Abu Bakar) (c. ... In the Islamic religion, the Sahaba (or Asahaaba,الصحابه; both forms are plural--the singular is Sahaabi, which is Arabic for friend, or companion) are the companions of the Prophet Muhammad. ... This is an Arabic phrase literally translated as People of the House, or family. ... The Quran identifies a number of men as prophets of Islam. ...

Texts & law

Qur'an · Hadith · Sharia
Jurisprudence
Biographies of Muhammad // Quran Text Surahs Ayah Commentary/Exegesis Tafsir ibn Kathir (by Ibn Kathir) Tafsir al-Tabari (by Tabari) Al Kordobi Tafseer-e-kabir (by Imam Razi) Tafheem-al-Quran (by Maulana Maududi) Sunnah/Hadith Hadith (Traditions of The Prophet) The Siha-e-Sitta al-Bukhari (d. ... The Quran (Arabic: al-qurān, literally the recitation; also called Al Qurān Al Karīm or The Noble Quran; or transliterated Quran, Koran, and less commonly Alcoran) is the holy book of Islam. ... Hadith (Arabic: , Arabic pl. ... Sharia (Arabic: ; also Sharīah, Sharia, Shariah or Syariah) is the Arabic word for Islamic law, also known as the Law of Allah. ... Islamic jurisprudence, (Arabic: Fiqh) (in Arabic and Persian: فقه) is made up of the rulings (Fatwa) of Muslim Islamic jurists (Ulema) to direct the lives of the Muslims. ... This article is not about the group of British engineering companies called Sira; see Sira (group of British companies). ...

Branches of Islam

Sunni · Shi'a · Sufi
The religion of Islam has many divisions, sects, schools, traditions, and related faiths. ... Sunni Islam is short for Ahl al-Sunna wa al-Jamaah, the largest Islamic denomination. ... Shia Islam or Shi`ism (from the Arabic word شيعة, short for the historic phrase shi`at `Ali شيعة علي, meaning the supporters of Ali) is the second-largest denomination of the religion of Islam. ... Sufism (Arabic تصوف taṣawwuf) is a mystic tradition of Islam based on the pursuit of spiritual truth as it is gradually revealed to the heart and mind of the Sufi (one who practices Sufism). ...

Sociopolitical aspects

Art · Architecture
Cities · Calendar
Science · Philosophy
Religious leaders
Women in Islam
Political Islam · Jihad
Liberal Islam
Islamic tilework of the Shrine of Hadhrat Masoumah, first built in the late 8th century. ... This is a sub-article to Islamic studies and architecture. ... This is a list of cities that various groups regard as holy. ... The Islamic calendar or Muslim calendar (also called Hijri calendar) is the calendar used to date events in predominantly Muslim countries, and used by Muslims everywhere to determine the proper day on which to celebrate Muslim holy days. ... Islamic science is science in the context of traditional religious ideas of Islam, including its ethics and philosophy. ... Islamic philosophy (الفلسفة الإسلامية) is a longstanding attempt to create harmony between faith, reason or philosophy, and the religious teachings of Islam. ... Islamic religious leaders are persons who, as part of the clerisy, mosque, or government, perform a prominent role within their community or nation. ... This article needs a complete rewrite for the reasons listed on the talk page. ... Islam as a political movement has a diverse character that has at different times incorporated elements of many other political movements, while simultaneously adapting the religious views of Islamic fundamentalism, particularly the view of Islam as a political religion. ... Jihad (Arabic: jihād) is an Islamic term, from the Arabic root jhd (to exert utmost effort, to strive, struggle), which connotes a wide range of meanings: anything from an inward spiritual struggle to attain perfect faith to a political or military struggle to further the Islamic cause. ... Since the 19th century, Muslim progressives have produced a considerable body of liberal thought within Islam (in Arabic: الإسلام الإجتهادية or interpretation-based Islam; also الإسلام المتقدمة or progressive Islam). These have in common a religious outlook which depends mainly on ijtihad or re-interpretations of scriptures. ...

See also

Vocabulary of Islam
Index of articles on Islam The following list consists of concepts that are derived from both Islam and Arab tradition, which are expressed as words in the Arabic language. ...

Ali ibn Husayn, Zayn al-Abideen, (Arabic: علي بن حسين زين العابدين) ‎ (658 - 713) was the fourth Shi'a Imam (see Shia Imams). He was the son of Husayn ibn Ali and the great-grandson of Muhammad. Zayn al-Abideen, literally translates as "Jewel of the Worshippers". Alternative spellings include Zainal Abidin, Zain Al-Abidin, or even Zainulabideen and variations of this single-worded form. In non-academic contexts, especially amongst devotees, that is often the exclusive way he is referred to. Arabic (; , less formally, ) is the largest member of the Semitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family (classification: South Central Semitic) and is closely related to Hebrew and Aramaic. ... Events The union of Slavic tribes falls apart after Samos death Births Deaths King Samo of the Slavs Categories: 658 ... Events Byzantine Emperor Philippicus deposed. ... Shia Islam ( Arabic شيعى follower; English has traditionally used Shiite or Shiite) is the second largest Islamic denomination; some 20-25% of all Muslims are said to follow a Shia tradition. ... Imam (Arabic: إمام) is an Arabic word meaning Leader. The ruler of a country might be called the Imam, for example. ... Sects Within Shiism there are various sects that differ over the number of Imams, or path of succession. ... Imaginary portrait of Husayn ibn Ali, by contemporary Iranian artist. ... Muhammad is a common Muslim male name. ...

Contents


Birth and family life

Ali ibn Husayn, Zayn al-Abideen, was born in Medina in 658. Events The union of Slavic tribes falls apart after Samos death Births Deaths King Samo of the Slavs Categories: 658 ...

He is thus also called Ibn al-Khiyaratayn ("son of the best two"), meaning the Quraysh among the Arabs and the Persians among the non-Arabs. According to some accounts, his mother was brought as a captive to Medina during the caliphate of Umar, who wanted to sell her. Ali suggested instead that she be offered her choice of the Muslim men as husband and that her dower be paid from the public treasury. Umar agreed and she chose Ali's son, Husayn. She is said to have died shortly after giving birth to her only son, Ali. He was about two years old when his grandfather, Ali ibn Abi Talib, was killed. Imaginary portrait of Husayn ibn Ali, by contemporary Iranian artist. ... Muhammad is a common Muslim male name. ... Shahr Banu was a daughter of the last Sassanid emperor, Yazdegerd III. After the defeat of her father, she was taken captive by the Arab armies and sent to Medina where she was married to Husayn ibn Ali, the grandson of Muhammad. ... Sassanid Empire at its greatest extent The Sassanid dynasty (also Sassanian) was the name given to the kings of Persia during the era of the second Persian Empire, from 224 until 651, when the last Sassanid shah, Yazdegerd III, lost a 14-year struggle to drive out the Umayyad Caliphate... Yazdegerd III, (also Yazdgird III) (made by God, Izdegerdes), king of Persia, a grandson of Khosrau II, who had been murdered by his son Kavadh II in 628, was raised to the throne in 632 after a series of internal conflicts. ... Quraish (sura) is also the name of a Surah in the Quran. ... For other uses, see Arab (disambiguation). ... The Persians of Iran (officially named Persia by West until 1935 while still referred to as Persia by some) are an Iranian people who speak Persian (locally named Fârsi by native speakers) and often refer to themselves as ethnic Iranians as well. ... For other uses of the name, see Umar (disambiguation). ... Ali ibn Abu Talib (Arabic: ) (c. ... A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم) (sometimes also spelled Moslem) is an adherent of Islam. ... Ali ibn Abu Talib (Arabic: ) (c. ...


Zayn al-Abideen fathered fifteen children: eleven boys and four girls.


Expertise

He dedicated his life to learning and became an authority on prophetic traditions and law. He is regarded as the source of the third holiest book in Shi'a Islam after the Qur'an and the Nahj al-Balagha (the collection of the works of Ali, the Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya, commonly referred to as the Psalms of the Household of the Prophet. Zayn al-Abideen had many staunch supporters such as Sa'id bin Jubayr. Shiʻa Islam (Arabic شيعى follower; English has traditionally used Shiite) makes up the second largest sect of believers in Islam, constituting about 30%–35% of all Muslim. ... The Quran (Arabic: al-qurān, literally the recitation; also called Al Qurān Al KarÄ«m or The Noble Quran; or transliterated Quran, Koran, and less commonly Alcoran) is the holy book of Islam. ... It has been proposed below that Nahj al Balagha be renamed and moved to Nahj al-Balagha. ... This person is among the Sahaba of Muhammad . ... Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya is the oldest prayer manual in Islamic sources and one of the most seminal works of Islamic spirituality of the early period. ... Sa’īd bin Jubayr, whose known was Abū Muhammad, was originally from Kufa. ...


Piety

He was known mostly for his nobility of character and his piety, which earned him his sobriquet (Zayn al-Abideen) within his lifetime. It is said that he would pray one thousand units (rakaahs) of prayer in every twenty-four hour period. (Muslims are obliged to complete 17 units as part of their daily duties.) It is for this reason that he was bestowed the title of al-Sayyid al-Sajideen ("the master of the prostraters") and Zayn al-Abideen by the people of Medina. A Muslim is a believer in or follower of Islam. ...


Ashurah: the massacre of his family

At the famous Battle of Karbala on the day of Ashurah, Husayn and most of his family were killed. Zayn al-Abideen survived because he was too sick to fight, and was bedridden. Afterwards, he was taken prisoner by the Umayyad forces and transported to Damascus where he was made a prisoner of the Caliph, Yazid I. Eventually, he was freed, and returned to Medina where he generally lived a quiet life engaging in teaching the tenets of Islam. This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Festival of Muharram. ... The Courtyard of the Umayyad Mosque in Damascus, one of the grandest architectural legacies of the Umayyads. ... Damascus by night, pictured from Jabal Qasioun; the green spots are minarets Damascus (Arabic officially دمشق Dimashq, colloquially ash-Sham الشام) is the capital city of Syria. ... Yazid bin Muawiyah (Arabic: يزيد بن معاويه) (c. ... This article is about the city of Medina in Saudi Arabia. ...


Several accounts are related concerning his grief over the tragedy of Karbala. It is said that for twenty years, whenever food was placed before him, he would weep. One day, a servant said to him, "O son of God's Messenger! Is it not time for your sorrow to come to an end?" He replied, "Woe upon you! Jacob the prophet had twelve sons, and God made one of them disappear. His eyes turned white from constant weeping, his head turned grey out of sorrow, and his back became bent in gloom, though his son was alive in this world. But I watched while my father, my brother, my uncle, and seventeen members of my family were slaughtered all around me. How should my sorrow come to an end?" This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...


He is the object both of great sympathy because of the massacre of his family and of veneration as the great-grandson of the Prophet Muhammad.


Death

Zayn al-Abideen resided in Medina until his death in c. 712-714 (94 or 95 AH). Some claim that he was poisoned by the Caliph of the day, Waleed bin Abdul Malik Marwan. He was buried in Jannat al-Baqi, the cemetery in Medina where other important figures of Islamic history are buried. Events Ansprand succeeds Aripert as king of the Lombards. ... // Events February 28 - An earthquake strikes Syria. ... Al-Walid ibn Abd al-Malik or Al-Walid I (668 - 715) was an Umayyad caliph who ruled from 705 - 715. ... Jannat al-Baqi (also spelt Jannat ul-Baqi) is a famous cemetery in Madinah, located right across from the Masjid al-Nabawi. ...


The Imamah

The issue of who succeeded him as Imam led to a split within Shi'ism. While the Twelver Shi'a believe that it was Muhammad al-Baqir, his son, who succeeded him while another (minority) community, the Zaidiyyah believe it was Ali's other son, Zaid. Shia Islam ( Arabic شيعى follower; English has traditionally used Shiite or Shiite) is the second largest Islamic denomination; some 20-25% of all Muslims are said to follow a Shia tradition. ... Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Muhammad al-Baqir Imam Muhammad al-Baqir (676 - January 31, 743) was the fifth Shia Imam. ... Zaiddiyah (also: Zaidi, Zaydi, or in the West Fivers) refers to a sect within Shia Islam. ... Zayd ibn Ali (d. ...

Preceded by:
Husayn ibn Ali
head of Banu Hashim
680–713
Succeeded by:
?
Shia Imam
680–713
Succeeded by:
Muhammad al-Baqir
Zaidi Imam
680–713
Succeeded by:
Zaid ibn Ali

Imaginary portrait of Husayn ibn Ali, by contemporary Iranian artist. ... Banu Hashim (Arabic: بنو هاشم) is a clan in the Quraish tribe. ... Sects Within Shiism there are various sects that differ over the number of Imams, or path of succession. ... Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Muhammad al-Baqir Imam Muhammad al-Baqir (676 - January 31, 743) was the fifth Shia Imam. ... Zaiddiyah (also: Zaidi, Zaydi, or in the West Fivers) refers to a sect within Shia Islam. ... Zayd ibn Ali (d. ...

See also

Sects Within Shiism there are various sects that differ over the number of Imams, or path of succession. ... Shia Islam ( Arabic شيعى follower; English has traditionally used Shiite or Shiite) is the second largest Islamic denomination; some 20-25% of all Muslims are said to follow a Shia tradition. ...

External links

Sunni References

  • Life of Zainul Abideen Part 1 by Ahle Sunnah Scholar Shaykh Sayyed Muhammad bin Yahya Al-Husayni Al-Ninowy.
  • Life of Zainul Abideen Part 2 by Ahle Sunnah Scholar Shaykh Sayyed Muhammad bin Yahya Al-Husayni Al-Ninowy.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Husayn ibn Ali - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (921 words)
Ḥusayn ibn ‘Alī ibn Abī Ṭālib (Arabic: حسين بن علي بن أﺑﻲ طالب‎ ​)‎ 28th August (626 680) was the grandson of the Islamic prophet Muhammad.
Husayn was the second son of Ali and Fatima.
Husayn's father, Ali, was caliph from 656 to 661 CE.
Ali ibn Hussayn - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (687 words)
Ali ibn Husayn (658-713) (Arabic: علي بن حسين زين العابدين) is the fourth Shi'a Imam.
Ali ibn Husayn was born in Medina in 658.
Ali suggested instead that she be offered her choice of the Muslim men as husband and that her dower be paid from the public treasury.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m