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Encyclopedia > Algiers
Algiers
الجزائر
Official seal of Algiers
Seal
Nickname: Algiers the White
Location of Algiers within Algeria
Coordinates: 36°42′N 3°13′E / 36.7, 3.217
Country Algeria
Wilaya Algiers Province
Re-founded AD 944
Government
 - Wali (Governor) Mohamed Kebir Addou
Population (2005)
 - City 1,519,570
 - Urban 2,029,936
 - Metro 3,518,083
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
Postal codes 16000-16132

Algiers (Arabic: الجزائر, Standard Arabic: Al Jaza'ir IPA: [ɛlʤɛˈzɛːʔir], Algerian Arabic: Dzayer ([dzæjer] (From Berber pronunciation), Berber: Image:Algeria tifinagh.JPG, Ledzayer [ldzæjər], French: Alger [ɑlʒe]) is the capital and largest city of Algeria and the second in North Africa behind Casablanca in Morocco. According to the 1998 census the population of the city proper was 1,519,570, for the urban area was 2,135,630, for the metropolitan area 3,518,083, and for Algiers Province as a whole 5,723,749 (2006). Thus, the urban area of Greater Algiers is one of the largest in the Maghreb[1] (behind Casablanca). Algiers has many meanings: Algiers the capital of Algeria Algiers (film) the 1938 film with James Cagney Algiers, Louisiana The Battle of Algiers (film) Algiers Accord Bombardment of Algiers, 1816 This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Alger is a surname and may refer to: Alger Hiss (1904-1996), American diplomat and alleged Soviet spy Alger of Liège (1055-1131), French Roman Catholic priest Bruce Alger, Texan Congressman David Alger (1943-2001), former CEO of Fred Alger Management Fanny Alger, believed to be the first plural... Image File history File links Blason-alger. ... Heraldric description: The fortress protects and defends the city of Algiers. ... EXAMPLE:Laughbox,Blondie,BamBam,Pinkie,etc. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... Map of the provinces of Algeria numbered according to the official order. ... Map of Algeria showing Algiers province The Wilaya of Algiers (Arabic : ولاية الجزائر) is an administrative subdivision of Algeria, adopted from the old French département of Algiers. ... Wali (Arabic ولي, plural Awliya أولياء, Persian/Turkish pronunciation Vali), is an Arabic word, meaning protector or guardian (most literally etymologically near one), also adopted in various other Islamic cultures. ... For other uses, see Governor (disambiguation). ... Cities with at least a million inhabitants in 2006 An urban area is an area with an increased density of human-created structures in comparison to the areas surrounding it. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries that do not observe summer time Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of the time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Central European Time West Africa Time British Summer Time* Irish Summer Time* Western European Summer Time* Category: ... Arabic redirects here. ... Modern Standard Arabic is the dialect of Arabic used in almost all writing and in formal spoken contexts. ... Algerian Arabic is the dialect or dialects of Arabic native to Algeria. ... The Berber languages (or Tamazight) are a group of closely related languages mainly spoken in Morocco and Algeria. ... Image File history File links Algeria_tifinagh. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ...  Northern Africa (UN subregion)  geographic, including above North Africa or Northern Africa is the northernmost region of the African continent, separated by the Sahara from Sub-Saharan Africa. ... For other uses, see Casablanca (disambiguation). ... Map of Algeria showing Algiers province The Wilaya of Algiers (Arabic : ولاية الجزائر) is an administrative subdivision of Algeria, adopted from the old French département of Algiers. ... Cities with at least a million inhabitants in 2006 An urban area is an area with an increased density of human-created structures in comparison to the areas surrounding it. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Casablanca (disambiguation). ...


Nicknamed El-Bahdja (البهجة) or Alger la Blanche ("Algiers the White") for the glistening white of its buildings as seen rising up from the sea, it is situated on the west side of a bay of the Mediterranean Sea. The city name is derived from the Arabic word al-jazā’ir, which translates as the islands, referring to the four islands which lay off the city's coast until becoming part of the mainland in 1525. Al-jazā’ir is itself a truncated form of the city's older name jazā’ir banī mazghannā, "the islands of (the tribe) Bani Mazghanna", used by early medieval geographers such as al-Idrisi and Yaqut al-Hamawi. Algiers is the only Algerian city with an English name different from its French name. Mediterranean redirects here. ... Arabic redirects here. ... Al_Idrisis world map from 1154. ... Yaqut (Yaqut ibn-Abdullah al-Hamawi) (1179 - 1229) was an Arab biographer and geographer. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ...


The modern part of the city is built on the level ground by the seashore and the old part, the ancient city of the deys, climbs the steep hill behind the modern town and is crowned by the casbah or citadel, 400 feet (120 m) above the sea. The casbah and the two quays form a triangle. The American Captain William Bainbridge paying tribute to the Dey, circa 1800 Dey (Arabic: داي, from Turkish Dayı [1][2]) was the title given to the rulers of the Regency of Algiers (Algeria) under the Ottoman Empire from 1671 onwards. ... For the San Diego music venue, see The Casbah. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... This article is about the unit of length. ...

Contents

History

A Phoenician commercial outpost called Ikosim, later developed into a small Roman town called Icosium, existed on what is now the marine quarter of the city. The rue de la Marine follows the lines of a Roman street. Roman cemeteries existed near Bab-el-Oued and Bab Azoun. The city was given Latin rights by Vespasian. The bishops of Icosium are mentioned as late as the 5th century. Phoenicia (or Phenicia ,[1] from Biblical Phenice [1]) was an ancient civilization centered in the north of ancient Canaan, with its heartland along the coast of modern day Lebanon and Syria. ... Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... For other uses, see Latin (disambiguation). ... Imperator Caesar Vespasianus Augustus (born November 17, 9, died June 23, 79), known originally as Titus Flavius Vespasianus and usually referred to in English as Vespasian, was emperor of Rome from 69 to 79. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      This article...

City and harbour of Algiers, circa 1921
City and harbour of Algiers, circa 1921

The present day city was founded in 944 by Buluggin ibn Ziri, the founder of the Berber Zirid-Senhaja dynasty, which was overthrown by Roger II of Sicily in 1148. The Zirids had before that date lost Algiers, which in 1159 was occupied by the Almohades, and in the 13th century came under the dominion of the Abd-el-Wadid sultans of Tlemcen. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1941x1342, 1048 KB) Description: THE CITY AND HARBOR OF ALGIERS, ALGERIA. Source: 300 ppi scan of Colliers New Encyclopedia, Volume 1 (1921), opposite page 58, panel J. Date: created 10 May 2005. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1941x1342, 1048 KB) Description: THE CITY AND HARBOR OF ALGIERS, ALGERIA. Source: 300 ppi scan of Colliers New Encyclopedia, Volume 1 (1921), opposite page 58, panel J. Date: created 10 May 2005. ... Buluggin ibn Ziri ( d. ... Berbers are the indigenous peoples of North Africa west of the Nile Valley. ... The Zirids were a Berber dynasty, originating in Petite Kabylie among the Kutama tribe, that ruled Ifriqiya (roughly, modern Tunisia), initially on behalf of the Fatimids, for about two centuries, until weakened by the Banu Hilal and finally destroyed by the Almohads. ... The Sanhaja were one of the largest Berber tribal confederations of the Maghreb, along with the Zanata and Masmuda History The tribes of the Sanhaja settled at first in the northern Sahara. ... Roger II, from Liber ad honorem Augusti of Petrus de Ebulo, 1196. ... The Zirids were a Berber dynasty, originating in Petite Kabylie among the Kutama tribe, that ruled Ifriqiya (roughly, modern Tunisia), initially on behalf of the Fatimids, for about two centuries, until weakened by the Banu Hilal and finally destroyed by the Almohads. ... The Almohad Dynasty (From Arabic الموحدون al-Muwahhidun, i. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Nominally part of the sultanate of Tlemcen, Algiers had a large measure of independence under amirs of its own, Oran being the chief seaport of the Abd-el-Wahid. The islet in front of the harbour, subsequently known as the Penon, had been occupied by the Spaniards as early as 1302. Thereafter, a considerable trade grew up between Algiers and Spain. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Emir (also sometimes rendered as Amir or Ameer, Arabic commander) is a title of nobility historically used in Islamic nations of the Middle East and North Africa. ... View of Oran Coat of arms of Oran Oran (Arabic:, pronounced Wahran) is a city in northwestern Algeria, situated on the Mediterranean coast. ...


Algiers, however, continued to be of comparatively little importance until after the expulsion of the Moors from Spain, many of whom sought asylum in the city. In 1510, following their occupation of Oran and other towns on the coast of Africa, the Spaniards fortified the Penon. In 1516, the amir of Algiers, Selim b. Teumi, invited the corsair brothers Aruj and Khair ad-Din Barbarossa to expel the Spaniards. Arouj came to Algiers, caused Selim to be assassinated, and seized the town. Khair ad-Din, succeeding Arouj after the latter was killed in battle against the Spaniards at Tlemcen, was the founder of the pashaluk, afterwards beylik, of Algeria after formally inviting the Sultan to accept sovereignty over the territory and to annex Algiers to the Ottoman Empire. For other uses, see moor. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... Look up corsair in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Baba Aruj Aruj, turkish Oruç (c. ... Barbarossa Hayreddin Pasha Barbarossa Hayreddin Pasha (Turkish: Barbaros Hayreddin PaÅŸa or Hızır Hayreddin PaÅŸa; also Hızır Reis before being promoted to the rank of Pasha and becoming the Kaptan-ı Derya (Fleet Admiral) of the Ottoman Navy) (c. ... Vilâyet (also eyalet or pashaluk) was the Turkish name for the provinces of the Ottoman Empire. ... Bey is the Turkish word for chieftain, traditionally applied to the leaders of small tribal groups In historical accounts, many Turkish and Persian leaders are titled bey, beg or beigh. ... Ottoman redirects here. ...

The bombardment of Algiers by Lord Exmouth, August 1816, painted by Thomas Luny
The bombardment of Algiers by Lord Exmouth, August 1816, painted by Thomas Luny

Algiers from this time became the chief seat of the Barbary pirates. In October 1541, the king of Spain and Holy Roman Emperor Charles V sought to capture the city, but a storm destroyed a great number of his ships, and his army of some 30,000, chiefly Spaniards, was defeated by the Algerians under their Pasha, Hassan. From the 17th century, Algiers, by then only formally part of the Ottoman Empire but essentially free of Ottoman control, sited on the periphery of both the Ottoman and European economic spheres, and depending for its existence on a Mediterranean that was increasingly controlled by European shipping, backed by European navies, turned to piracy and ransoming. Repeated attempts were made by various nations to subdue the pirates that disturbed shipping in the western Mediterranean and engaged in slave raids as far north as Cornwall. The United States fought two wars (the First and Second Barbary Wars) over Algiers' attacks on shipping. Image File history File links Bombardment of Algiers by Lord Exmouth in August 1816, painted by Thomas Luny. ... Image File history File links Bombardment of Algiers by Lord Exmouth in August 1816, painted by Thomas Luny. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... For the Carlist claimant King Carlos V, see Infante Carlos, Count of Molina. ... Pasha, pascha or bashaw (Turkish: paÅŸa) was a high rank in the Ottoman Empire political system, typically granted to governors and generals. ... Combatants United States Barbary States (Ottoman Empire regencies) Commanders Richard Dale William Eaton Edward Preble Hassan Bey Murad Reis Strength 7 Ships 10 US Marines and Soldiers Christian Mercenaries Arab Mercenaries 4000 Casualties 2 Ships destroyed 2 Marines killed, 3 wounded Christian/Arab Mercenaries killed and wounded uncertain Unknown The... Combatants United States British Empire (from 1815) Barbary states: Algiers Tripoli Tunis Commanders Stephen Decatur, Jr. ...


In 1816, the city was bombarded by a British squadron under Lord Exmouth (a descendant of Thomas Pellew, taken in an Algerian slave raid in 1715), assisted by Dutch men-of-war, and the corsair fleet burned. The history of Algiers from 1830 to 1962 is bound to the larger history of Algeria and its relationship to France. On July 4, 1827, on the pretext of an affront to the French consul — whom the dey had hit with a fly-whisk when he said the French government was not prepared to pay its large outstanding debts to two Algerian Jewish merchants — a French army under General de Bourmont attacked the city, which capitulated the following day. Algiers became a French colony. Edward Pellew, 1st Viscount Exmouth (April 9, 1757 – January 23, 1833) was a British naval officer. ... The American Captain William Bainbridge paying tribute to the Dey, circa 1800 Dey (Arabic: داي, from Turkish Dayı [1][2]) was the title given to the rulers of the Regency of Algiers (Algeria) under the Ottoman Empire from 1671 onwards. ... An African fly-whisk from Côte dIvoire, made of horsehair with a decorated wooden handle. ... Louis-Auguste-Victor, Count de Ghaisnes de Bourmont (1773-1846) was a Marshall of France. ...


In 1962, after a bloody independence struggle in which up to 1.5 million Algerians died at the hands of the French Army and the Algerian Front de Libération Nationale, Algeria finally gained its independence, with Algiers as its capital. Since then, despite losing its entire European or pied-noir population, the city has expanded massively. It now has about 3 million inhabitants, or 10 percent of Algeria's population — and its suburbs now cover most of the surrounding Metidja plain. The French Army, officially the Armée de Terre (Army of the land), is the land-based component of the French Armed Forces and the largest. ... The National Liberation Front (French: Front de libération nationale aka FLN, Arabic: Jabhah al-TaḩrÄ«r al-WaÅ£anÄ«) is a socialist political party in Algeria. ... Pied-noir is a term for the former French colonists of North Africa, especially Algeria. ...


Having hosted the All-Africa Games in 1978, Algiers will again host the games in 2007. Algiers is also the "Capital of Arabic Culture" for 2007. The All-Africa Games, sometimes called the African Games or Pan African Games, are a regional multi-sport event held every four years, organized by the Association of National Olympic Committees of Africa (ANOCA). ...


In August 2007, The Economist magazine ranked Algiers as the least livable city in a survey of 132 cities.


War of Algeria

Algiers plays also a decisive part during the War of Algeria (1954-1962), in particular during the Battle of Algiers, during which the 10th Division parachutist of the French Army, from January 7, 1957, led hunting to the Algerian freedom fighters, on order of the Minister of Justice François Mitterrand, which gives him all capacities “to eliminate the insurrectionists”. The city counted 884,000 inhabitants then Algiers remains marked by this episode characterized by a fight without mercy between the freedom fighters resorting to the attacks anti-French and the French Army carrying out a bloody repression including the quasi-systematic use of torture against the protesters of the colonial order, such as the young professor of mathematics Maurice Audin, or the nationalist leader Larbi Ben M'Hidi, honoured since by the municipality: principal arteries of the city bear their names. The manifestations of May 13, 1958 at the time of the crisis of May 1958 devote to it the fall of the Fourth Republic in France, as well as the return of the general de Gaulle to the businesses. Combatants FLN (1954-62) MNA (1954-62) France (1954-62) FAF (1960-61) OAS (1961-62) Commanders Mostefa Benboulaïd Ferhat Abbas Hocine Aït Ahmed Ahmed Ben Bella Krim Belkacem Larbi Ben MHidi Rabah Bitat Mohamed Boudiaf Messali Hadj General Jacques Massu General Maurice Challe Bachaga Said Boualam...   IPA: (October 26, 1916 – January 8, 1996) served as President of France from 1981 to 1995, elected as representative of the Socialist Party (PS). ... Larbi Ben Mhidi (1923 - 1957) was a prominent Algerian leader during the war of independence. ...


Independence

The Algerians celebrated the independence of Algeria on July 5, 1962. Directed by the soldiers, Algiers became a member of Non-aligned Movement during the Cold War. In October 1988, one year before the fall of the Berlin Wall, Algiers was the theatre of demonstrations claiming the end of the single party system, true democracy baptized “Spring of Algiers” (see the article: Riots of October 1988 in Algeria ). They were repressed by the authorities (more than 300 dead), but constitute a turning in the political history of modern Algeria. In 1989, a new constitution was adopted that put an end to the reign of the single party and saw the creation of more than fifty political parties, as well as an officially total release of the newspaper industry. is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Member states of the Non-Aligned Movement (2005). ... For other uses, see Cold War (disambiguation). ... East German construction workers building the Berlin Wall, November 20, 1961. ...


Crisis of the years 1990

The city becomes then until 1992 the theatre of many political demonstrations of all tendencies. In 1991, a political formation dominated by religious conservatives, it FIS, engages a political iron arm with the authorities which shows élections that it is on the way to gain in 1992, with the favour of a massive abstention from the disillusioned Algerian voters by the turning of the events. The cancellation of the poll by the authorities marks the beginning of a news période of violences opposing the State to the religious ultraconservateurs made up in armed groups, until 1999. The social and cultural economic activity takes again colors with the favour of calms returned and of the ambitions of an avid young population of voyages and adventures.


Districts of Algiers

Kasbah of Algiers*
UNESCO World Heritage Site
State Party Flag of Algeria Algeria
Type Cultural
Criteria ii, v
Reference 565
Region Arab States
Inscription History
Inscription 1992  (16th Session)
* Name as inscribed on World Heritage List.
† Region as classified by UNESCO.
  • The Casbah (of Al Qasbah , “the Citadel”), Ier District of Algiers: called Al-Djazaïr Al Mahroussa (“Well Kept Algiers”), it is founded on the ruins of old Icosium. It is a small city which, built on a hill, goes down towards the sea, divided in two: the High city and the Low city. One finds there masonries and mosques of the Template:XVIIe century; Ketchaoua mosque (built in 1794 by the Dey Baba Hassan) flanked of two minarets, mosque el Djedid (1660, at the time of Turkish regency) with its large finished ovoid cupola points some and its four coupolettes, mosque El Kébir (oldest of the mosques, it was built by almoravide Youssef Ibn Tachfin and rebuilt later in 1794), mosque Ali Betchnin (Raïs, 1623), Dar Aziza, palate of Jénina. The Kasbah, they is also labyrinths of lanes and houses picturesque; and if one loses oneself there, it is enough to go down again towards the sea to reposition itself.
  • Bab El-Wadi : popular district which extends from the Kasbah beyond “the door of the river”. It is the district more chouchouté and more liked of all the districts of the capital. Famous for its place “the three clocks” and for its “market Triplet”, it is also a district of workshops and manufactures.
  • Edge of sea : from 1840, the architects Pierre-August Guiauchain and Frederic Chassériau installed new constructions apart from the Kasbah, town hall, law courts, buildings, theatre, palate of the Governor, casino… to form an elegant walk bordered of arcades which is the boulevard today Che Guevara (ex-boulevard of Republic).
  • Kouba (will daira of Hussein-dey): Kouba is an old village which was absorbed by the expansion of the town of Algiers. Of village, Kouba quickly developed under the French colonial era then more still with the favour of the formidable demographic expansion than Algiers knew after the independence of Algeria in 1962. It is today a district of Algiers with whole share made up mainly of houses, villas and buildings not exceeding the five stages.
  • El Harrach, according to the name of the river which crosses this district. The mouth of this river played a very important part in the catch of Algiers and the Dogvane, this rock opposite Algiers occupied by the Spaniards. Indeed, at the beginning of the Template:XVIe century, with the call of the one of the dignitaries of Algiers autochthones who saw the progressive loss of the authority of the city in front of the occupation of the Dogvane by the Spaniards, one of the Barberousse brothers hid his fleet there before taking Algiers by surprised by the south-eastern side. This district of Algiers will be named House-Square by French, who will make the industrial park of the city of it. Thus, during colonization, as well El-Harrach as Hussein-Dey will be satellite towns of Algiers where Algerian autochthones more or less will cohabit with French, but in clearly separate zones. This city will be a residential district for an easy layer of French, but a true ghetto for the Algerians, especially those pushed by the rural migration.
    Commune d' El Biar
    Commune d' El Biar
    El-Harrach was also a city which wrote a large page of sporting history with boxes and it football. After independence, El-Harrach will become gradually a district of Algiers, and later on chief town of Daira with a new cutting in districts, like Mohammadia, Belfort, Bellevue, the Park, Wadi-Smar, Five-Houses, the dunes, theMaritime ones, Beaulieu, etc.
  • The communes of Hydra, Ben Aknoun, El-Biar and Bouzareah form what the inhabitants of Algiers name the heights of Algiers. These communes, sometimes famous knacks, shelter the majority of the foreign embassies of Algiers, of many ministries and university centers, which does of it one of the administrative poles and policy of the country.
  • The street Didouche Mourade Ex Rue Michelet is located in the 3rd district Of Algiers. It extends from the Grande Post office until the Heights of Algiers. It crosses in particular the place Audin , the Faculty of Algiers , Crowned the Heart and the park of Galland . It is bordered of smart stores and restaurants on most of its length. It regarded as the heart of the capital.

A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... As of 2006, there are a total of 830 World Heritage Sites located in 138 State Parties. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Algeria. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... For the San Diego music venue, see The Casbah. ... Almoravides (In Arabic المرابطون al-Murabitun, sing. ... Ernesto Guevara de la Serna (June 14,[1] 1928 – October 9, 1967), commonly known as Che Guevara, El Che or just Che was an Argentine-born Marxist revolutionary, medical doctor , political figure, and leader of Cuban and internationalist guerrillas. ... Look up republic in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... El Harrach is a suburb of the Algerian capital Algiers, located about 10 km to the east of the city. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 960 pixel, file size: 292 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) The content of this image was reviewed by Mac9 and afterwards uploaded by FlickrLickr. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 960 pixel, file size: 292 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) The content of this image was reviewed by Mac9 and afterwards uploaded by FlickrLickr. ... An empty corrugated box An elaborate wooden box Boxes are highly variable receptacles. ... A player (wearing the red kit) has penetrated the defence (in the white kit) and is taking a shot at goal. ... Hotels in El Biar by night El Biar is a suburb of Algiers, Algeria. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...

Local architecture

There are many public buildings of interest, including the whole Kasbah quarter, Martyrs Square (Sahat ech-Chouhada ساحة الشهداء), the government offices (formerly the British consulate), the "Grand", "New", and Ketchaoua Mosques, the Roman Catholic cathedral of Notre Dame d'Afrique, the Bardo Museum (a former Turkish mansion), the old Bibliotheque Nationale d'Alger — a Turkish palace built in 1799–1800 — and the new National Library, built in a style reminiscent of the British Library. A few well preserved Kasbahs in Aït Benhaddou, Morocco The kasbah is a unique kind of medina, or Islamic city. ... The Masjid al-Haram in Mecca as it exists today A mosque is a place of worship for followers of the Islamic faith. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... Interior of the Notre-Dame dAfrique, March 2007. ... British Library main building, London The British Library (BL) is the national library of the United Kingdom. ...


The main building in the Kasbah was begun in 1516 on the site of an older building, and served as the palace of the deys until the French conquest. A road has been cut through the centre of the building, the mosque turned into barracks, and the hall of audience allowed to fall into ruin. There still remain a minaret and some marble arches and columns. Traces exist of the vaults in which were stored the treasures of the dey. A few well preserved Kasbahs in Aït Benhaddou, Morocco The kasbah is a unique kind of medina, or Islamic city. ... A barracks housing conscripts of Norrbottens regemente in Boden, Sweden. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


The Grand Mosque (Jamaa-el-Kebir الجامع الكبير) is the oldest mosque in Algiers. It was first built by Yusuf ibn Tashfin, but reconstructed many times. The pulpit (minbar منبر) bears an inscription showing that the building existed in 1097. The minaret was built by the sultan of Tlemcen, in 1324. The interior of the mosque is square and is divided into aisles by columns joined by Moorish arches. Yusuf ibn Tashfin or Tashafin (reigned c. ... Minbar in the Ortaköy mosque in Istanbul. ... Events Edgar I deposes Donald III to become king of Scotland. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... For other uses, see moor. ...

mosque El Jedid (the new mosque)
mosque El Jedid (the new mosque)

The New Mosque (Jamaa-el-Jedid الجامع الجديد), dating from the 17th century, is in the form of a Greek cross, surmounted by a large white cupola, with four small cupolas at the corners. The minaret is 90 feet (27 m) high. The interior resembles that of the Grand Mosque. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (960x1280, 237 KB) Description Une mosquée à Alger (Algérie). ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (960x1280, 237 KB) Description Une mosquée à Alger (Algérie). ... This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


The church of the Holy Trinity (built in 1870) stands at the southern end of the rue d'Isly near the site of the demolished Fort Bab Azoun باب عزون. The interior is richly decorated with various coloured marbles. Many of these marbles contain memorial inscriptions relating to the English residents (voluntary and involuntary) of Algiers from the time of John Tipton, British consul in 1580. One tablet records that in 1631 two Algerine pirate crews landed in Ireland, sacked Baltimore. Baltimore (Dún na Séad in Irish) is a small town in western County Cork, Ireland. ...

the Ketchaoua mosque
the Ketchaoua mosque

The Ketchaoua mosque (Djamaa Ketchaoua جامع كتشاوة), at the foot of the Casbah, was before independence in 1962 the cathedral of St Philippe, itself made in 1845 from a mosque dating from 1612. The principal entrance, reached by a flight of 23 steps, is ornamented with a portico supported by four black-veined marble columns. The roof of the nave is of Moorish plaster work. It rests on a series of arcades supported by white marble columns. Several of these columns belonged to the original mosque. In one of the chapels was a tomb containing the bones of San Geronimo. The building seems a curious blend of Moorish and Byzantine styles. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Categories: Architectural elements | Stub ... For the terrain type, see: Heath (habitat). ... This article is about the building material. ... The alleged finding of the remains of a San Geronimo in 1853 afforded striking confirmation of an incident recorded by a Spanish Benedictine named Diego de Haëdo, who published a topography of Algeria in 1612. ... Byzantine redirects here. ...


Algiers possesses a college with schools of law, medicine, science and letters. The college buildings are large and handsome. The Bardo museum holds some of the ancient sculptures and mosaics discovered in Algeria, together with medals and Algerian money. The port of Algiers is sheltered from all winds. There are two harbours, both artificial — the old or northern harbour and the southern or Agha harbour. The northern harbour covers an area of 235 acres (95 ha). An opening in the south jetty affords an entrance into Agha harbour, constructed in Agha Bay. Agha harbour has also an independent entrance on its southern side. The inner harbour was begun in 1518 by Khair-ad-Din Barbarossa (see History, below), who, to accommodated his pirate vessels, caused the island on which was Fort Penon to be connected with the mainland by a mole. The lighthouse which occupies the site of Fort Penon was built in 1544. The Tibetan word Bardo means literally intermediate state - also translated as transitional state or in-between state. In Sanskrit the concept has the name antarabhāva. ... An acre is the name of a unit of area in a number of different systems, including Imperial units and United States customary units. ... A hectare (symbol ha) is a unit of area, equal to 10 000 square metres, commonly used for measuring land area. ... Alternate meanings: See Jetty (web server) Alternate meanings: See Jettying in buildings The term jetty, derived from the French jetie, and therefor signifying something thrown out, is applied to a variety of structures employed in river, dock and maritime works which are generally carried out in pairs from river banks... Khair ad Din A statue in Barbaros Park near the ferry stop in BeÅŸiktaÅŸ Khair ad Din (circa 1475-1546) was an Ottoman-Turkish admiral and privateer who served in the Ottoman Empire and in the Barbary Coast. ... A mole is a massive structure, usually of stone, used as a pier, breakwater, or junction between places separated by water. ...


Algiers was a walled city from the time of the deys until the close of the 19th century. The French, after their occupation of the city (1830), built a rampart, parapet and ditch, with two terminal forts, Bab Azoun باب عزون to the south and Bab-el-Oued باب الواد to the north. The forts and part of the ramparts were demolished at the beginning of the 20th century, when a line of forts occupying the heights of Bouzareah بوزريعة (at an elevation of 1,300 feet (396 m) above the sea) took their place. Notre-Dame d'Afrique, a church built (1858–1872) in a mixture of the Roman and Byzantine styles, is conspicuously situated, overlooking the sea, on the shoulder of the Bouzareah hills, 2 miles (3.2 km) to the north of the city. Above the altar is a statue of the Virgin depicted as a black woman. The church also contains a solid silver statue of the archangel Michael, belonging to the confraternity of Neapolitan fishermen. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Separation barrier. ... A parapet is a barrier at the edge of a roof or structure to prevent persons or vehicles from falling over the edge. ... Ditches at the Ouse Washes nature reserve. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... For other uses, see Roman Empire (disambiguation). ... Byzantine redirects here. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Saint Mary and Saint Mary the Virgin both redirect here. ... Guido Renis archangel Michael (in the Capuchin church of Sta. ... Location of the city of Naples (red dot) within Italy. ...


Villa Abd-el-Tif, former residence of the dey, was used during the French period, to accommodate French artists, chiefly painters, and winners of the Abd-el-Tif prize, among whom Maurice Boitel, for a while of two years. Nowadays, Algerian artists are back in the villa's studios. The American Captain William Bainbridge paying tribute to the Dey, circa 1800 Dey (Arabic: داي, from Turkish Dayı [1][2]) was the title given to the rulers of the Regency of Algiers (Algeria) under the Ottoman Empire from 1671 onwards. ... Abd-el-Tif prize was a price of painting. ... Maurice Boitel in 1980 Maurice Boitel (born July 31, 1919) is a French painter. ...


Monuments

Notre Dame d'Afrique
  • Notre Dame d'Afrique , accessible by one cable car, is one of its most outstanding monuments: located in the district of Z' will ghara, the basilica was built around 1858.
The Monument of the Martyrs (Maquam E’chahid)
  • Monument of the Martyrs ( Maquam E' chahid ): an iconic concrete monument commemorating the Algerian war for independence. The monument was opened in 1982 on the 20th anniversary of Algeria's independence. It is fashioned in the shape of three standing palm leaves which shelter the "Eternal Flame" beneath. At the edge of each palm leaf stands a statue of a soldier, each representing a stage of Algeria's struggle.
The El Jedid mosque at the Place des Martyrs
The El Jedid mosque at the Place des Martyrs
  • The El Jedid mosque at the Places des Martyrs near the port.
  • Place of the Emir Abdelkader (ex-place Bugeaud): in memory of the famous emir Abd El-Kader, resistant during conquête of Algeria.
  • the Large Post office (1910, by Voinot and Tondoire): construction of the néo-Moorish type which is in full centre town of Algiers.
  • Garden of Test ( El-Hamma ): located has Is of Algiers, it extends on a surface from 80 hectares. It was created in 1832 by A. Hardy. Exotic plants and gardens there are found.
  • Villa Abd-el-Hair , with the top of the Garden of test, one of the old residences of the dey, where until 1962, were placed the artists prizes winner of Price Abd-el-Hair, and in particular Maurice Boitel and Andre Hamburg.
  • Citadel .
  • Riadh El-Feth (shopping centre and art gallery).
  • Ketchoua Mosque (This mosque became the Saint-Philippe cathedral during colonization before becoming again a mosque).
  • National Library , is in the district of El HAMMA.Elle has an architecture modèrne and marries the decoration perfectly.
  • The Great Mosque of Algiers at he Rue de la Marine. It is the oldest mosque of Algiers and was built during the reign of the Almoravid sultan Yusuf ibn Tashfin .

Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2320 × 1740 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2320 × 1740 pixel, file size: 1. ... Interior of the Notre-Dame dAfrique, March 2007. ... A cable car is any of a variety of transportation systems relying on cables to pull vehicles along or lower them at a steady rate, or a vehicle on these systems. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2320x1740, 1060 KB) Summary the Monument of the Martyrs Algiers Licensing Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2320x1740, 1060 KB) Summary the Monument of the Martyrs Algiers Licensing Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Combatants FLN (1954-62) MNA (1954-62) France (1954-62) FAF (1960-61) OAS (1961-62) Commanders Mostefa Benboulaïd Ferhat Abbas Hocine Aït Ahmed Ahmed Ben Bella Krim Belkacem Larbi Ben MHidi Rabah Bitat Mohamed Boudiaf Messali Hadj Paul Cherrière (1954-55) Henri Lorillot (1955-56... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (960x1280, 237 KB) Description Une mosquée à Alger (Algérie). ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (960x1280, 237 KB) Description Une mosquée à Alger (Algérie). ... `Abd al-Qādir al-JazāirÄ«. `Abd al-Qādir al-JazāirÄ« (6 September 1808 - 26 May 1883, in Arabic عبد القادر الجزائري) was an Algerian Islamic scholar, Sufi, political and military leader who led a struggle against the French invasion in the mid-nineteenth century, for which he is seen... Maurice Boitel in 1980 Maurice Boitel (born July 31, 1919) is a French painter. ... Almoravides (From Arabic المرابطون sing. ... Yusuf ibn Tashfin or Tashafin (reigned c. ...

Demographics

Algiers has a population of 2,072,993 (2007 estimates).[2]

Year Population
1977 (Census) 1,353,826
1987 (Census) 1,507,241
1998 (Census) 1,519,570
2007 (Estimate) 2,072,993

Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ... Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...

Economy

Algiers is an important economic, commercial and financial pole, with in particular a stock exchange recording an annual capitalisation of 60 billion euros. The port of Algiers is also the most important of West Africa. Mohamed Ben Ali El Abbar, president of the Council d administration of the emirate group EMAAR, presented five megaprojets to Algerian President Abdelaziz Bouteflika, during a ceremony which took place Saturday, July 15 with the Palate of the People of Algiers. The projects will transform the city of Algiers and its surroundings, by equipping them with a retail area, and restoration and leisure facilities. The first project will concentrate on the reorganization and the development of the infrastructures of the railway station "Aga ", located in the downtown area. Ultramodern, the station, intended to accommodate more than 80.000 passengers per day, will become a pole of circulation in the heart of the grid system, surrounded by commercial offices and buildings among which hotels intended for the travellers in transit. A shopping centre and three high-rise office buildings rising with the top of the commercial zone will accompany the project. The second project will relate to the bay of Algiers and aims to revitalize the sea front. The development of the 4,4 km sea front will include marinas, channels, luxury hotels, offices, apartments of great standing, luxury stores and leisure amenities. A crescent-shaped peninsula will be set up on the open sea. The project of the bay of Algiers will also comprise six small islands, of which four of round form, connected to each other by bridges and marinas and will include tourist and residential complexes. The third project will relate to restructuring an area of Algiers, qualified by the originators of the project of "city of wellness". El Abbar indicated to the journalists that the complex would be "agréable for all those which will want to combine tourism and wellbeing or tourism and relaxation". The complex will include a university, a research center and a medical centre. It should also include a hospital complex, a care, centre, a hotel zone, an urban centre and a thermal spa with villas and apartments. The university will include a medical school and a school for care male nurses which will be able to accommodate 500 students. The university campus will have the possibility of seeing setting up broad ranges of buildings of research laboratories and residences. Another project relates to technological implantation of a campus in Sidi Abdellah, 25 km south-east from Algiers. This 90 hectares site will include shopping centres, residential zones with high standard apartments and a golf course surrounded by villas and hotels. Two other residential zones, including 1.800 apartments and 40 high standard villas, will be built on the surrounding hills. The fifth project is that of the tourist complex Colonel Abbès, which will be located 25km west from Algiers. This complex will include several retail zones, places of meetings and residential zones composed of apartments and villas enjoying view of the sea.


Tourist Installations

To some 20 km in the west of Algiers seaside resorts are such as Sidi Fredj (ex-Sidi Ferruch), Palm Beach, Douaouda, Zéralda, the Club of the Pines (residence of State); one will find there complexes tourist, Algerian and different restaurants, souvenir shops, supervised beaches, etc the city is also equipped with important hotel complexes such as the hotel Hilton, El-Aurassi or El Djazair. Algiers also obtained the first watery park of the country. Located at ten minutes of the city while going towards the East, Kiffan Club extends on a surface from 2 hectares. Large adult basin, several basins children as well as large toboggans, the site includes/understands several points of restoration. With dimensions is the Karting Escape, who opened his doors in 2005, with a long track 700 meters and having three categories different of karts. Aquafortland comes to supplement this decoration with a ludic swimming pool spread out over 1,5 hectares, and having all the conveniences necessary for the wellbeing of the customer. The tourism of Algiers be in full rise but be not also develop than that of large city of Morocco or of Tunisia. This article is about the capital of Algeria. ... Tourist redirects here. ...


Transports

  • the ETUSA (urban and suburban Haulage company of Algiers) has bus as of the mégabus since 2006 which serves the capital like its suburbs. 54 lines are currently operational and the service is ensured of 5h30 0h45.
  • SNTF (national Company of the rail-bound transports) operates on lines connecting the capital to the of Algiers suburbs starting from the of Algiers stations.
  • Houari Boumedienne Airport managed by EGSA (Undertaken management of airport services) os located 20km from the city. The majority of airline companies had suspended their service road towards Algiers since the taking of hostages on December 24, 1994 of the flight Air France Flight AF 8969 but they have returned since. The airport serves many European cities, West Africa, the Middle East and soon North America with the June 2007 startup of direct Algiers-Montreal service. Inaugurated on July 5, 2006 a new international air terminal is from now on in service. Its very modern infrastructures can better manage the flow of the international traffic. The company Airports of Paris, manages this news large installation.

Houari Boumedienne Airport (Arabic: ) (IATA: ALG, ICAO: DAAG) serves Algiers, the capital of Algeria. ... Air France (formally Société Air France) is Europes largest airline company. ...  Western Africa (UN subregion)  Maghreb[1] West Africa or Western Africa is the westernmost region of the African continent. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... Nickname: Motto: Concordia Salus (well-being through harmony) Coordinates: , Country Province Region Montréal Founded 1642 Established 1832 Government  - Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area [1][2][3]  - Total 365. ...

Quinquennial projects of the wilaya of Algiers

  • To make up the enormous deficit which the town of Algiers as regards transport knows, this one will be equipped with one tram which will connect it downtown area to Dergana (operational in 2009), of a line of subway Tafourah-Large Harrach Post office-El (operational in 2008) and several lines RER Algiers-Aga-Thenia, Algiers-Aga-Elafroun, Algiers-Aga-Zeralda. Be added to all this the reorganization of Etusa (Haulage company Urbain and Suburbain of Algiers), the realization of three new cable car S from here 2009, the rehabilitation of four what exists as well as the refitting of roadway system. It is also a question of the restoration of the station of Algiers (Aga) to accommodate the future line High-speed rail Annaba-Algiers-Oran.
  • Most important, c'est the d'Emaar project which discusses with the government on the rehabilitation and modernization d'une good part of the bay d'Alger. An investment of more than 28 billion dollars spread out over several years which will change l'image completely l'est capital, with buildings and hotels high standing, a city of medicine.
  • In addition, in response to the increase always increasing in the automobile park, and parallel to the installation of way S and roundabouts, of échangeurs and of the sections of motorway were built right now, and others are in the course of construction in order to improve the traffic in the metropolis.

[1] This article refers to public transport vehicles running on rails. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The RER (Réseau Express Régional, IPA , Regional Express Network) is an urban rail network in the Île-de-France région, notably Paris and its agglomeration. ... A cable car is any of a variety of transportation systems relying on cables to pull vehicles along or lower them at a steady rate, or a vehicle on these systems. ... French-designed Eurostar and Thalys TGVs side-by-side in the Paris-Gare du Nord. ... Way is another word for: Look up way in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A roundabout, rotary, or gyratory circus is a type of road junction (or traffic calming device) at which traffic streams circularly around a central island after first yielding to the circulating traffic. ... Motorway symbol in UK, France and Ireland. ...

  • One of the most ambitious projects is the installation of bay of Algiers which will include/understand a mall of two kilometers, it Marriots hotel Algiers, spaces of relaxation, a business district a with shopping centre, and finally, the future large one mosque of Algiers. This mosque will be the second largest in the world with a capacity of reception of more than 80,000 faithful. A school - at the same time école and school of science the S - y will be attached, bordered by parks.
  • Construction of two seaside resorts on the of Algiers littoral.
  • Park of the high winds which is located at the west of Algiers: it will be largest in the world; many species of trees and plants will be planted there.
  • The new town of Sidi Abdellah which will include/understand a technological pole and of research, like residences.
  • Within the framework of the project of a million residences that the state launched, Algiers will benefit from additional residences to the program of 2001 and 2004, in order to fight effectively against the current housing shortage.

The Masjid al-Haram in Mecca as it exists today A mosque is a place of worship for followers of the Islamic faith. ... A magnet levitating above a high-temperature superconductor demonstrates the Meissner effect. ...

Sports

Algiers is the largest sporting pole of Algeria. Cash clubs in the whole of the disciplines, and which conquered many national and international titles, it also counts an enormous sporting complex (Complex of OCO - Mohamed Boudiaf), which gathers the Olympic stage of July 5 (of a capacity of 80,000 places), a stage annexes for athletics, an Olympic swimming pool, a room multisports (the Cupola), a golf 18 holes, and several courts of tennis. Muhammad Boudiaf (June 23, 1919 - June 29, 1992), also called Si Tayeb el Watani, was an Algerian political leader and one of the founders of the revolutionary National Liberation Front (FLN) that led the Algerian War of Independence (1954–1962). ... A womens 400 m hurdles race on a typical outdoor red rubber track in the Helsinki Olympic Stadium in Finland. ...


Algiers already accommodated the following sporting events (not-exhaustive list):

20 August 1955 Stadium
20 August 1955 Stadium

A player (wearing the red kit) has penetrated the defence (in the white kit) and is taking a shot at goal. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... Handball player leaps towards the goal prior to throwing the ball, while the goalkeeper extends himself trying to stop it. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... This article is about the sport. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the ball used in this sport, see Volleyball (ball). ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Stade_20_aout_1955-Alger. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Stade_20_aout_1955-Alger. ...

Football Clubs

Principal clubs of association football of the city (having already evolved/moved in Division 1): A player (wearing the red kit) has penetrated the defence (in the white kit) and is taking a shot at goal. ...

MC Algiers (Mouloudia Club dAlger) is an Algerian soccer club based in Algiers, founded in 1921. ... USM Alger (Union Sportive de la Médina dAlger ) is one of the biggest teams in Algeria. ... Chabab Riadhi de Belouizdad (CR Belouizdad) is an Algerian football club based in Belcourt, a district of Algiers. ... Nasr Athlétique de Hussein Dey (Arabic: ‎) (NA Hussein Dey) is an Algerian football club based in Hussein Dey, a district of Algiers. ... Paradou AC is an Algerian football club based in Algiers. ... Union Sportive de la Médina dEl Harrach (USM El Harrach) is an Algerian football club based in El Harrach, a district of Algiers. ... Raed Chabab Kouba (RC Kouba) is an Algerian football club based in Kouba, a district of Algiers. ...

Sister relationships

Algiers has sister relationships with a number of cities worldwide: Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm, Germany Town twinning is a concept whereby towns or cities in geographically and politically distinct areas are paired with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ...

In addition, many of the wards and cities within Algiers maintain sister-city relationships with other foreign cities. Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Peking redirects here. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Egypt. ... For other uses, see Cairo (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Nickname: Motto: Concordia Salus (well-being through harmony) Coordinates: , Country Province Region Montréal Founded 1642 Established 1832 Government  - Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area [1][2][3]  - Total 365. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Morocco. ... For other uses, see Casablanca (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Tunisia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Barcelona (Catalan) Spanish name Barcelona Nickname Ciutat Comtal (City of Counts) Postal code 08001–08080 Area code 34 (Spain) + 93 (Barcelona) Website http://www. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Switzerland. ... Geneva (pronunciation //; French: Genève //, German:   //, Italian: Ginevra //, Romansh: Genevra) is the second most populous city in Switzerland (after Zürich), and is the most populous city of Romandy (the French-speaking part of Switzerland). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Libya. ... Tripoli (Arabic: طرابلس Tarābulus) is the capital city of Libya. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... For other uses, see Rome (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Senegal. ... (City of Dakar, divided into 19 communes darrondissement) City proper (commune) Région Dakar Département Dakar Mayor Pape Diop (PDS) (since 2002) Area 82. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Netherlands. ... For other uses, see Amsterdam (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... ... Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... For other uses, see Shanghai (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... For other uses, see Bordeaux (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Arab_Emirates. ... Coordinates: , Emirate Government  - Emir Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Area [1]  - Metro 4,114 km² (1,588. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Chile. ... Satellite image of Santiago Santiago (full form Santiago de Chile) is the capital of Chile. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Brazil. ... This article is about the Brazilian state, São Paulo. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Federation_of_Bosnia_and_Herzegovina. ... Map of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Sarajevo) Coordinates: , Country Entity Canton Sarajevo Canton Government  - Mayor Semiha Borovac (SDA) Area [1]  - City 141. ... The location of the FBiH entity as part of the state of Bosnia and Herzegovina in Europe. ...


Films about Algiers

  • The Battle of Algiers, 1966, realized by Gillo Pontecorvo
  • Bab City El-Wadi, 1994, carried out by Merzak Allouache over the black period of the Nineties
  • Viva aldjery, 2003, realized by Nadir Moknèche. With Biyouna and Lubna Azabal
  • Bab el Web, 2004, carried out by Merzak Allouache with Samy Naceri, Julie Gayet, Faudel
  • It was once in the wadi, 2005, realized by Djamel Bensalah.
  • Beur, White, Red, 2005, realized by Mahmoud Zemmouri.

The Battle of Algiers (in Italian, La Battaglia di Algeri) is a 1965 black-and-white film directed by Gilles Pontecorvo. ... Gillo Pontecorvo (November 19, 1919 — October 12, 2006) was an Italian filmmaker, best known for La battaglia di Algeri (The Battle of Algiers), but directed several movies before its release in 1966, such as the drama Kapò (1960), which takes place in a World War II concentration camp. ... Lubna Azabal is a Belgian actor, born in Brussels to parents of Moroccan origin. ... Samy Naceri is a French actor well known for his work in the Taxi triage and The Code (La Mentale). ... Faudel (born Faudel Belloua on June 6, 1978 in Mantes-la-Jolie) is a French singer of Algerian descent, considered the Prince of Raï. He grew up in the suburbs of Paris, where he picked up his musical talents from his grandmother who taught him traditional Algerian music. ...

References

  • This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.
  1. ^ (English) - http://www.citypopulation.de/ Thomas Brinkhoff : The Principal Agglomerations of the World.
  2. ^ Algiers in the World Gazetteer

Encyclopædia Britannica, the eleventh edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...

See also

Pasha (1535-1700): Muhammad Hassan 1535-1545 Hassan I 1545-1552 (son of Kheir ed Din the brother of Barbarossa) Sahah Rais 1552-1556 Hassan II 1556 Muhammad Kurdogli 1556 Yusuf I 1556 Yahyia Pasha 1557 Hassan I (second time) 1557-1561 Ahmed Bostandji 1561-1562 Hassan I (theerd time...

External links

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  Results from FactBites:
 
Algiers - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1559 words)
Algiers, however, continued to be of comparatively little importance until after the expulsion from Spain of the Moors, many of whom sought an asylum in the city.
Khair-ad-Din, succeeding Arouj, drove the Spaniards from the Penon (1550) and was the founder of the pashalik, afterwards deylik, of Algeria.
The history of Algiers from 1830 to 1962 is bound to the larger history of Algeria and its struggles with France.
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