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Encyclopedia > Alghero
Città di Alghero
Ciutat de l'Alguer

Municipal coat of arms
Country Flag of Italy Italy
Region Sardinia
Province Sassari (SS)
Mayor Marco Tedde (since June 10, 2002)
Elevation m (23 ft)
Area 224.43 km² (87 sq mi)
Population (as of December 31, 2004)
 - Total 40,257
 - Density 171.12/km² (443/sq mi)
Time zone CET, UTC+1
Coordinates 40°33′N, 08°19′E
Gentilic Algheresi
Dialing code 079
Postal code 07041
Frazioni Sant'Agostino, Il Carmine, La Pivarada, Fertilia, Santa Maria La Palma, Porto Conte
Patron St. Michael
 - Day September 29
Website: www.comune.alghero.ss.it
The Catalan-speaking world


Location of Alghero in Sardinia.
Language
Grammar
Phonology and orthography
Institut d'Estudis Catalans
Acadèmia Valenciana de la Llengua
History
History of Catalonia · Counts of Barcelona
Crown of Aragon · Military history of Catalonia
Catalan constitutions · Furs of Valencia
Treaty of the Pyrenees · Nueva Planta decrees
Geography
Catalan Countries
Catalonia · Valencia · Balearic Islands
Northern Catalonia · Franja de Ponent
Andorra · L'Alguer · Carxe
Government and Politics
Generalitat de Catalunya
Generalitat Valenciana
Govern de les Illes Balears
Consell General de les Valls (Andorra)
Politics of Catalonia
Catalan nationalism
Blaverism
Traditions
Castells · Correfoc · Falles · Sardana · 
Moros i cristians · Caganer · Tió de Nadal
Myths and legends
Arts
Catalan literature · Antoni Gaudí · Modernisme
La Renaixença · Noucentisme
Salvador Dalí · Joan Miró · Antoni Tàpies
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Alghero (l'Alguer in Catalan and S'Alighèra in Sardinian), is a town of about 42,000 inhabitants (down from 54,300 inhabitants since early 20th century) in Italy. It lies in the province of Sassari in north-western Sardinia. Image File history File links Alghero-Stemma. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... The Regions of Italy were granted a degree of regional autonomy in the 1948 constitution, which states that the constitutions role is: to recognize, protect and promote local autonomy, to ensure that services at the State level are as decentralized as possible, and to adapt the principles and laws... For the place in the United States, see Sardinia, Ohio. ... In Italy, a province (in Italian: provincia) is an administrative division of intermediate level between municipality (comune) and region (regione). ... Sassari (It. ... is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries that do not observe summer time Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of the time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Central European Time West Africa Time British Summer Time* Irish Summer Time* Western European Summer Time* Category: ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a people or the inhabitants of a place. ... Here are a list of area codes in Italy. ... A frazione, in Italy, is the name given in administrative law to a type of territorial subdivision of a comune; for other subdivisions, see municipio, circoscrizione, quartiere. ... Guido Renis archangel Michael (in the Capuchin church of Sta. ... is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Catalan IPA: (català IPA: or []) is a Romance language, the national language of Andorra, and a co-official language in the Spanish autonomous communities of Balearic Islands, Catalonia and Valencia , and in the city of LAlguer in the Italian island of Sardinia. ... Image File history File links Localització_de_l'Alguer_respecte_de_Sardenya. ... Catalan grammar is the grammar of the Catalan language. ... // Diachronical Phonological Features in Relation to Latin Several characteristic features of Catalan as a Romance language: Like Occitan, loss of Latin final unstressed vowels, except -a; and then after some of the resulting consonantic groups a support vowel appears, e. ... The Institut dEstudis Catalans (IEC) is an academic institution. ... The Acadèmia Valenciana de la Llengua (Valencian Academy of Language) is an institution created on September 16, 1998, which depends on the Presidency of the Generalitat Valenciana. ... The territory that now constitutes the autonomous community of Catalonia in Spain, and the adjoining Catalan region of France, was first settled during the Middle Palaeolithic. ... History of Spain series Prehistoric Spain Roman Spain Medieval Spain - Visigoths - Al-Andalus - Age of Reconquest Age of Expansion Age of Enlightenment Reaction and Revolution First Spanish Republic The Restoration Second Spanish Republic Spanish Civil War The Dictatorship Transition to Democracy Modern Spain Topics Economic History Military History Social History... Coat of arms of the King of Aragon, 15th century. ... // The origins of the military force in Catalonia, soar to the 13th century, with the Sagramental, the fraternity among several villages to guarantee their own security, made through oath, due to this so called. ... // Origin: The Corts of Barcelona The Catalan constitutions were promulgated by the Corts of Barcelona (corts being the Catalan for courts). ... Furs of Valencia (Furs de València, in Catalan) were the laws of the Kingdom of Valencia during most of Middle Ages and Early modern Europe. ... The Treaty of the Pyrenees was a treaty signed in 1659 to end the war between France and Spain that had begun in 1635 during the Thirty Years War. ... The Nueva Planta decrees (Spanish:Decretos de Nueva Planta, Catalan: Decrets de Nova Planta) were a number of decrees signed between 1707 and 1716 by Philip V—the first Bourbon king of Spain—shortly after the end of the War of the Spanish Succession. ... Grafitti at Belfast. ... Anthem: Capital Barcelona Official language(s) Catalan,Spanish and Aranese. ... Capital Valencia Official language(s) Valencian and Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 8th  23,255 km²  4. ... Capital Palma de Mallorca Official language(s) Spanish and Catalan Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 17th  4,992 km²  1. ... Northern Catalonia (Catalan: Catalunya Nord; Spanish: Cataluña del Norte o Cataluña Transpirenaica; French: Catalogne Nord or Pays Catalan) is the name mainly used by the Catalan-speaking community to refer to the part of the historic Principality of Catalonia that came under French governance through the signing of... Language distribution in Aragon Map of Catalan Countries with current political borders Franja de Ponent (IPA: ; Catalan for Western Strip), Francha de Lebán (Aragonese for Eastern Strip), Franja de Aragón, or simply La Franja, refers to four comarques in the east of the Autonomous Community of Aragon, which... Carxe is a city in Spain. ... The Generalitat de Catalunya (Government of Catalonia ) is the institution in which the self-government of Catalonia is politically organised. ... Capital Valencia Official languages Valencian (Catalan) and Spanish (Castilian) Area  – total  – % of Spain Ranked 8th  23 255 km²  4,6% Population  – Total (2003)  – % of Spain  – Density Ranked 4th  4 326 708  10,3%  186,05/km² Demonym  – English  – Valencian  – Spanish  Valencian  valenci... National motto: Virtus Unita Fortior (Latin: Virtue united is stronger) Official language: Catalan Capital:  - Population:  - Coordinates: Andorra la Vella 22,035 (1990 est. ... The General Council of the Valleys (in Catalan, Consell General de les Valls) is the unicameral parliament of Andorra. ... This is the main article about the politic activity in Catalonia. ... Catalan nationalism, or Catalanism, is a political movement that advocates for an increased political autonomy of Catalonia, if not independence itself, from Spain and France. ... Blaverism (Valencian: blaverisme. ... For other uses, see Castell (disambiguation). ... Correfocs in Barcelona Catalonias festivals and traditions unify Catalan society and help to give it its particular character. ... Traditional Saragüells costume for the men. ... The sardana (Catalan plural sardanes) is a type of circle dance typical of Catalonia. ... Parade of a Christian filà of Moros i Cristians festival in Alcoi (Alacant). ... A traditional Catalan caganer from the back. ... The Tió de Nadal (roughly Christmas log), also known as Tió or Tronca (log), is a mythological character in Catalan mythology relating to a Christmas tradition widespread in Catalonia. ... Catalan myths and legends are the traditional myths and legends of the Catalan-speaking world, especially Catalonia itself, passed down for generations as part of that regions popular culture. ... Catalan-language writers Gabriel Alomar Vicent Andrés Estellés Pere Calders Salvador Espriu i Castelló Joan Fuster Manuel de Pedrolo i Molina J.V. Foix Maria de la Pau Janer Joan Maragall i Gorina Miquel Martí i Pol Jesús Moncada Jesús Montcada i Estruga Quim Monzó Teresa... Antoni Gaudí i Cornet (Riudoms or Reus, 25 June 1852 – Barcelona, 10 June 1926) – sometimes referred to by the Spanish translation of his name, Antonio Gaudí – was a Spanish architect from Catalonia, who belonged to the Modernisme (Art Nouveau) movement and was famous for his unique style and highly individualistic... Modernisme in Catalan, (not to be confused with modernism) is the Catalan variant of Art Nouveau. ... The Renaixença was a late 19th century romantic revivalist movement in Catalan language and culture. ... Noucentisme (noucentista being its adjective) is a Catalan cultural movement of the early 20th century that originated largely as a reaction against Modernisme, both in art and ideology, and was, simultaneously, a perception of art almost opposite to that of avantgardists. ... Salvador Domingo Felipe Jacinto Dalí i Domènech, Marquis of Pubol (May 11, 1904 – January 23, 1989), was a Spanish surrealist painter born in Figueres, Catalonia (Spain). ... Joan Miró i Ferrà (April 20, 1893 – December 25, 1983) was a Spanish (Catalan) painter, sculptor, and ceramist born in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain to the family of a Goldsmith and Watchmaker. ... Antoni Tàpies (born in Barcelona, December 23, 1923) is a Catalan painter. ... Catalan IPA: (català IPA: or []) is a Romance language, the national language of Andorra, and a co-official language in the Spanish autonomous communities of Balearic Islands, Catalonia and Valencia , and in the city of LAlguer in the Italian island of Sardinia. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... In Italy, a province (in Italian: provincia) is an administrative division of intermediate level between municipality (comune) and region (regione). ... Sassari (It. ... For the place in the United States, see Sardinia, Ohio. ...

Contents

History

The area of today's Alghero was settled since pre-historical times. The so-called Ozieri culture was present here in the 4th millennium BCE while the nuraghe civilization was present from around 1500 BC for, and traces of Phoenician buildings have been found not far from the city. Su Nuraxi, Barumini, Sardinia Central tower of the Nuraghe at Saint Antine of Torralba Su Nurraxi. ... Phoenicia (or Phenicia ,[1] from Biblical Phenice [1]) was an ancient civilization centered in the north of ancient Canaan, with its heartland along the coast of modern day Lebanon and Syria. ...


Alghero was founded around 1102 by the Genoese Doria family, as a fortified port. The Doria ruled it for centuries, apart from a brief period under the rule of Pisa (1283-1284). In 1353 it was captured by the Aragonese under Bernardo de Cabrera, and could later grow thanks to the arrival of Catalan colonists: in the early 16th century Alghero received the status of King's City (ciutat de l'Alguer) and developed economically. Doria, originally de Auria (from de filiis Auriae), meaning the sons of Auria, and then de Oria or dOria, is the name of an old Genoese family whose history is indistiguishable from that of the Republic of Genoa from the 12th century to the 16th century. ... Coat of arms of the King of Aragon, 15th century. ... Bernardo de Cabrera (1289—1364) was an Aragonese nobleman, diplomat, and military commander. ...


The Catalano-Aragonese were followed by Habsburg Spain, whose dominion, ended in 1702, brought some decadence to the city. In 1720 Alghero and Sardinia were handed over to Piedmont. Around 1750 a wide channel was excavated to improve the defensive stand of the peninsula. In 1821 famine led to a revolt of the population, which was bloodily suppressed. At the end of the same century Alghero was de-militarized and, during the Fascist era, part of the surrounding marshes was reclaimed and the suburbs of Fertilia and S.M. La Palma were founded, although the presence of malaria in the countryside could be overcome only in the 1950s. During World War II (1943) Alghero was bombed, its historical center suffering heavy damage. For other uses, see Piedmont (disambiguation). ... Fascism is an authoritarian political ideology (generally tied to a mass movement) that considers individual and other societal interests subordinate to the needs of the state, and seeks to forge a type of national unity, usually based on, but not limited to, ethnic, cultural, or racial attributes. ... Malaria is a vector-borne infectious disease caused by protozoan parasites. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


After the end of the war Alghero became a popular tourist resort.


Ecclesiastical History

The diocese comprises twenty-two communes in the province of Sassari and four in that of Cagliari, and is suffragan to the Archdiocese of Sassari. In 1106 John, Bishop of Alghero, assisted at the consecration of the Church of the Trinity in Saccargia. After a long period of decadence, the see was renewed and confirmed by Julius II in his Papal Bull of 1503. Pietro Parens, a Genoese, became bishop. A bishop is an ordained person who holds a specific position of authority in any of a number of Christian churches. ... Country Italy Region Sardinia Province Sassari (SS) Mayor Gianfranco Ganau (since May 2005) Elevation 225 m Area 546. ... Pope Julius II Julius II, né Giuliano della Rovere (December 5, 1443 - February 21, 1513), was pope from 1503 to 1513. ... Papal bull of Pope Urban VIII, 1637, sealed with a leaden bulla. ... Year 1503 (MDIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ...


Language

A minority of people in Alghero speak a Catalan dialect, introduced when Catalan invaders repopulated the town after expelling the autochthonous Sardinian population in 1372. Catalan was replaced as the official language by Spanish in the seventeenth century, then by Italian. The most recent linguistic research conducted showed that 22.4% of the population speak Algherese Catalan as a first language and around 90% have some understanding of the language. Catalan IPA: (català IPA: or []) is a Romance language, the national language of Andorra, and a co-official language in the Spanish autonomous communities of Balearic Islands, Catalonia and Valencia , and in the city of LAlguer in the Italian island of Sardinia. ... The term Sardinian can refer to either: Sardinia the Sardinian language This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... In this year, the city of Aachen, Germany begins adding a Roman numeral Anno Domini date to a few of its coins. ... Alguerese or Algherese is the variant of the Catalan language spoken in the city of Alghero, in the northwest of Sardinia. ...


Main sights

  • Palazzo Carcassona.
  • The Cathedral of St. Mary. Begun in 1570, it was opened in 1593 but finished and consecrated only in 1730. The church original was is in Catalan-Gothic style, as it can be seen in the five chapels of the presbytery, which also include the base of the bell tower. The nave and the two aisles are instead in Late Renaissance style. In the 20th century a Neo-Classicist narthex was added to the façade, changing abruptly its appearance.
  • The church of St. Francis (1360, rebuilt in the late 16th century). Original Catalan-Gothic parts can be seen over the high altar, the presbytery chapels and the SS. Sacramento Chapel. The bell tower is from the first half of the 16th century.
  • The church of St. Michael.
  • The Madonna del Santo Rosario.
  • The Torre del Portal, built at the expenses the Jewish Community of Alghero in 1360, and the Tower dell'Esperò Reial (16th century).
  • Palazzo D'Albis (16th century), a typical example of Catalan-Aragonese architecture of the 16th century. In the October 1541 it housed the Emperor Charles V.

Some 100 Nuraghe remains can be seen in the neighbouring areas of Sant'Imbenia (including also a Phoenician necropolis and Roman remains near the airport of Alghero), Palmavera and Anghelu Ruju. Interior of Cologne Cathedral Interior of San Zanipolo, Venice, photo Giovanni dallOrto. ... The narthex of a church is the entrance or lobby area. ... For the Carlist claimant King Carlos V, see Infante Carlos, Count of Molina. ... Su Nuraxi, Barumini, Sardinia Central tower of the Nuraghe at Saint Antine of Torralba Su Nurraxi. ... Phoenicia (or Phenicia ,[1] from Biblical Phenice [1]) was an ancient civilization centered in the north of ancient Canaan, with its heartland along the coast of modern day Lebanon and Syria. ... For the record label, see Necropolis Records. ... Fertilia Airport or Alghero Airport (IATA: AHO, ICAO: LIEA) is situated 4-5 km (2. ...


See also

Fertilia Airport or Alghero Airport (IATA: AHO, ICAO: LIEA) is situated 4-5 km (2. ... The History of Sardinia covers several millennia of civilization of this Mediterranean isle. ...

Image gallery

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1288x966, 178 KB) Source: Stahlkocher File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Alghero ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1288x966, 156 KB) Source: Stahlkocher File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Alghero ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (966x1288, 170 KB) Source: Stahlkocher File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Alghero ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1288x966, 124 KB) Source: Stahlkocher File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Alghero ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (966x1288, 231 KB) Source: Stahlkocher File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Alghero ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1288x966, 204 KB) Source: Stahlkocher File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Alghero ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1288x966, 148 KB) Source: Stahlkocher File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Alghero ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (966x1288, 218 KB) Source: Stahlkocher File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Alghero ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (966x1288, 243 KB) Source: Stahlkocher File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Alghero ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1288x966, 138 KB) Source: Stahlkocher File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Alghero ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (966x1288, 162 KB) Source: Stahlkocher File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Alghero ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 169 KB) Old city wall, new sea wall: Alghero, Sardinia, Italy Photograph taken by user:Red King, May 2004 and contributed to Wiki File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 449 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (664 × 886 pixel, file size: 192 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Vista panoramica dellIsola Piana ad Alghero File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

References

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Independent Guide to Alghero, Sardinia (415 words)
Alghero is recognized to be the most Italian of the holiday towns in Sardinia with an old town centre on the sea front consisting of a labyrinthic network of narrow lanes, most of which are car free.
The famous cave complex of Grotta di Nettuno (Neptune's Grotto), located 15km to the west on the peninsular of Capo Caccia, is one of the most spectacular cave complexes in Italy and a very popular tour destination.
To the north and south of Alghero the resorts of Bosa and Stintino are worthy of investigation.
Progetto Immobiliare - (626 words)
Alghero is at around 250 miles facing Barcelona, although a little bit south east, on a line under the 41° parallel which goes through Tortosa, and therefore almost in the same direction of the dominant winds of this sea area: the Ponente (west wind) and the Maestrale (the Mistral, north west wind).
Alghero was born in the year 1102 thanks to a powerful family from Genova: the Doria, which defended it from the continuous attacks of the Pisan and Aragonese ships.
In 1284, Alghero was occupied by the Pisans.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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