FACTOID # 4: Just 1% of the houses in Nevada were built before 1939.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Algerian" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Algerian

The People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria, or Algeria, is a nation in north Africa, and the second largest country on the African continent. It is bordered by Tunisia in the northeast, Libya in the east, Niger in the southeast, Mali and Mauritania in the southwest, and Morocco as well as a few kilometers of its annexed territory, Western Sahara, in the west. The name Algeria is derived from the name of the city of Algiers; from the Arabic word al-jazā’ir, which translates as the islands, referring to the four islands which lay off that city's coast until becoming part of the mainland in 1525. Categories: Africa geography stubs | North Africa ... The Tunisian Republic, or Tunisia, is a Muslim Arab country situated on the North African Mediterranean coast. ... This article is about Libya, the country in North Africa. ... Niger (Pronounced Nījer) is a landlocked sub-Saharan country in Western Africa situated north of Nigeria and south of Algeria and Libya, named after the Niger river. ... The Republic of Mali is a country in west Africa, formerly a French colony. ... The Islamic Republic of Mauritania is a country in northwest Africa. ... The Kingdom of Morocco is a country in northwest Africa. ... Western Sahara (EH in ISO 3166-1) is a region of northwestern Africa, bordering Morocco on the north, Algeria on the northeast, Mauritania to the east and south, and the Atlantic Ocean on the west. ... Arabic is a Semitic language, closely related to Hebrew and Aramaic. ... Events January 21 - The Swiss Anabaptist Movement was born when Conrad Grebel, Felix Manz, George Blaurock, and about a dozen others baptized each other in the home of Manzs mother on Neustadt-Gasse, Zurich, breaking a thousand-year tradition of church-state union. ...

الجمهورية الجزائرية الديمقراطية الشعبية
Al-Jumhūrīyah al-Jazā’irīyah
ad-Dīmuqrāţīyah ash-Sha’bīyah
Image:Algeria_coa.png
(In Detail) (Full size)
National motto (translation): The Revolution by the people and for the people
image:LocationAlgeria.png
Official language Arabic
Second language Berber, French unofficial but commonly used in administration
Capital

 - Population:
 - Coordinates:
Algiers  مدينة الجزائر
(El Djazaïr, Al-Jazàir)
1,507,241 (1987)
36°42′ N 3°13′ E (http://kvaleberg.com/extensions/mapsources/index.php?params=36_42_N_3_13_E_)
Head of State Abdelaziz Bouteflika, President
Head of Government Ahmed Ouyahia, Prime Minister
Area
 - Total:
 - % water:
Ranked 11th
2,381,740 km²
Negligible
Land borders
Coastline
6,343 km
998 km
Population
 - Total:
 - Density:
Ranked 34th
32,818,500 (2002)
13.3/km²
Independence
 
From France
July 5, 1962
National Day 1 November
Religions Sunni Islam (state religion)
Currency Algerian dinar (DA) = 100 centimes
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
National anthem Kassaman (Qassamman Bin Nazilat Il-Mahiqat)
(Arabic: We Swear By The Lightning That Destroys)
Internet TLD .dz
Calling Code 213
Contents

Flag Ratio: 2:3 The national flag of Algeria () consists of two equal vertical stripes, green and white, and bears, in the centre, a red crescent and star. ... The Emblem of Algeria is the seal used by the government, it is similar to the coat of arms of other nations. ... Here is a list of state mottos for countries and their subdivisions around the world. ... An official language is something that is given a unique status in the countries, states, and other territories. ... Arabic is a Semitic language, closely related to Hebrew and Aramaic. ... A second language is any language other than the first, or native, language learnt and used because of geographical or social reasons; it is distinguished from a foreign language. ... Afro-Asiatic - Berber The Berber languages (or Tamazight) are a group of closely related languages mainly spoken in Morocco and Algeria. ... French (français, langue française) is one of the most important Romance languages, outnumbered in speakers only by Spanish and Portuguese. ... In politics a capital (also called capital city or political capital — although the latter phrase has an alternative meaning based on an alternative meaning of capital) is the principal city or town associated with its government. ... See Cartesian coordinate system or Coordinates (elementary mathematics) for a more elementary introduction to this topic. ... For other uses, see Algiers (disambiguation). ... 1987 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The President is the head of state and chief executive of Algeria. ... Abdelaziz Bouteflika (عبجد العزيز بوتفليقة) (born March 2, 1937) is the president of Algeria (since 1999). ... The Prime Minister is the head of government of Algeria. ... Ahmed Ouyahia (born July 2, 1952) is the prime minister of Algeria. ... This article explains the meaning of area as a physical quantity. ... Here is a list of the countries of the world sorted by area. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... List of Land Borders International borders Country/Region Total Borders Neighbours and Borders Afghanistan 5,529 km China: 76 km Iran: 936 km Pakistan: 2,430 km Tajikistan: 1,206 km Turkmenistan: 744 km Uzbekistan: 137 km Akrotiri N/A N/A Albania 720 km Greece: 282 km The Former... A coastal image featured on a United States postal stamp. ... In the most common sense of the word, a population is the collection of people—or organisms of a particular species—living in a given geographic area. ... Population density can be used as a measurement of any tangible item. ... This is a list of sovereign states and other territories by population. ... Independence is autonomous self-government of a country by its residents and indigenous population. ... July 5 is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 179 days remaining. ... The National Day is a designated date on which celebrations are held to mark the nationhood of a country. ... November 1 is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 60 days remaining. ... Religion, sometimes used interchangeably with faith, is commonly defined as belief concerning the supernatural, sacred, or divine, and the practices and institutions associated with such belief. ... Sunni Islam (Arabic سنّة) is the largest denomination of Islam. ... The dinar is the currency of Algeria. ... -1... Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of UTC+1 time zone, 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... UTC also stands for the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga Coordinated Universal Time or UTC, also sometimes referred to as Zulu time, is an atomic realization of Universal Time or Greenwich mean time, the astronomical basis for civil time. ... The National Anthem is the name of a song by the band Radiohead. ... Kassaman or Qassaman (The Pledge) is the national anthem of Algeria. ... Arabic is a Semitic language, closely related to Hebrew and Aramaic. ... Kassaman or Qassaman (The Pledge) is the national anthem of Algeria. ... A top-level domain (TLD) is the last part of which Internet domain names consist of. ... .dz is the country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for Algeria. ...

History

Main article: History of Algeria This article is an overview of the History of Algeria. ...


The native Berber or Amazigh population of Algeria has been under the rule of foreign occupants for much of the last 3000 years. The Carthaginians (1000 BC), the Roman Republic and Empire (since 200 BC), and the Vandals were the most important of these, until the coming of the Arabs in the 8th century.
Before the Arab conquest, the Berberians were either Christian or Jews: The last Berber leaders of the resistance against arabian conquest were the Catholic King, Koceila, who has ben victorious against Sidi Ocba, then the Jewish warrior Queen Kahena, who, after a first victory, has been defeated at last in 693 by Emir Hassan Ibn-en-Noman el Ghassani, because of the discord among the Berberian , as told Ibn Khaldoun, the greatest historian of the Middle-Age.
However, the flow of conquests was not all one-way; in medieval times the Berber Fatimid dynasty, originating in Algeria, took over Egypt, although it soon afterwards abandoned North Africa.
The Berbers (also called Imazighen, free men, singular Amazigh) are a predominantly Muslim ethnic group indigenous to the Maghreb, speaking the Berber languages of the Afroasiatic family. ... A map of the central Mediterranean Sea, showing the location of Carthage (near modern Tunis). ... See also Roman Republic (18th century) and Roman Republic (19th century). ... Arab (disambiguation). ... (7th century — 8th century — 9th century — other centuries) Events The Iberian peninsula is taken by Arab and Berber Muslims, thus ending the Visigothic rule, and starting almost 8 centuries of Muslim presence there. ...


However, the flow of conquests was not all one-way; in medieval times the Berber Fatimid dynasty, originating in Algeria, took over Egypt, although it soon afterwards abandoned North Africa. The Berbers (also called Imazighen, free men, singular Amazigh) are a predominantly Muslim ethnic group indigenous to the Maghreb, speaking the Berber languages of the Afroasiatic family. ... The Fatimid Empire or Fatimid Caliphate ruled North Africa from A.D. 909 to 1171. ... Categories: Africa geography stubs | North Africa ...


Algeria was brought into the Ottoman Empire by Khair ad-Din and his brother Aruj who made its coast a base for the corsairs; their privateering peaked in Algiers in the 1600s, after which the center of activity moved to Tripoli in Libya. Piracy on American vessels in the Mediterranean resulted in the First and Second Barbary War with the United States. On the pretext of a slight to their consul, the French invaded Algiers in 1830; however, intense resistance from such personalities as Emir Abdelkader made for a slow conquest of Algeria, not technically completed until the early 1900s when the last Tuareg were conquered. The Ottoman Empire at the height of its power Imperial motto El Muzaffer Daima The Ever Victorious (as written in tugra) Official language Ottoman Turkish Capital İstanbul ( Constantinople/Asitane/Konstantiniyye ) Sovereigns Sultans of the Osmanli Dynasty Population ca 40 million Area 12+ million km² Establishment 1299 Dissolution October 29, 1923... Khair ad Din (c. ... Corsair can refer to: a pirate who used to operate in the Mediterranean Sea, see Corsair (pirate) a French airline, see: Corsair (airline) several aircraft of the US Navy: the O2U Corsair the F4U Corsair the A-7 Corsair II a kind of fireworks a poem, The Corsair, by Lord... This article is about the concept in naval history. ... Tripoli (population 1 million, Arabic: Ţarabulus) is the capital of Libya. ... This article is about Libya, the country in North Africa. ... Burning of the frigate Philadelphia in the harbor of Tripoli, February 16, 1804, by Edward Moran, painted 1897, depicts a naval action of the First Barbary War. ... The Second Barbary War (1815, also known as the Algerian War) was one of two wars fought between the United States of America and the semi-autonomous North African city-states of Algiers, Tunis, and Tripoli, known collectively as the Barbary States. ... 1830 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... `Abd al-Qādir al-Jazāirī. ... The Tuareg are an African ethnic group or nation. ...


Meanwhile, however, the French had made Algeria an integral part of France, a status that would end only with the collapse of the Fourth Republic. Tens of thousands of settlers from France, Italy, Spain, and Malta moved across the Mediterranean to farm the Algerian coastal plain and occupy the most prized parts of Algeria’s cities, benefiting from the French government's confiscation of communally held land. People of European descent in Algeria (the so-called pieds-noirs), as well as the native Algerian Jews, were full French citizens starting from the end of the 19th century; by contrast, the vast majority of Muslim Algerians remained outside of French law, and possessed neither French citizenship nor the right to vote; though they could apply for full citizenship starting from 1865, few chose to make this move. Algeria's social fabric was stretched to breaking point during this period: literacy dropped massively, while land confiscation uprooted much of the population. The Fourth Republic existed in France between 1946 and 1958. ... Pied-noir is a term for the former French colonists of North Africa, especially Algeria. ...


In 1954, the National Liberation Front (FLN) launched the guerrilla Algerian War of Independence; after nearly a decade of urban and rural warfare, they succeeded in pushing the French out in 1962. Most of the 1,025,000 pieds-noirs, as well as 91,000 harkis (pro-French Muslim Algerians serving in the French Army), together forming about 10% of the population of Algeria in 1962, fled Algeria for France in just a few months in the middle of that year. 1954 was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... The National Liberation Front (French: Front de libération nationale, Arabic: Jabhah al-Taḩrīr al-Waţanī) is a socialist political party in Algeria. ... Guerrilla (also called a partisan) is a term borrowed from Spanish (from guerra meaning war) used to describe small combat groups. ... The Algerian War of Independence ( 1954– 62) was a period of guerrilla strikes, maquis fighting, terrorism against civilians on both sides, and riots between the French army and colonists in Algeria and the FLN (Front de Libération Nationale) and other pro-independence Algerians. ...


Algeria's first president, the FLN leader Ahmed Ben Bella, was overthrown by his former ally and defense minister, Houari Boumédiènne in 1965. The country then enjoyed almost 25 years of relative stability under the one-party socialism of Boumedienne and his successors. Mohamed Ahmed Ben Bella (Muhammad Ahmad Bin Balla) (born December 25, 1916, Maghnia, Algeria) was the first President of Algeria, and seen by many as the Father of the Nation. ... Houari Boumédienne (original name Mohamed Ben Brahim Boukharouba) ( August 23, 1932 - December 27, 1978) was President of Algeria from 19 June 1965 to 27 December 1978 (Chairman of the Revolutionary Council until 12 December 1976). ...


In the 1990s, Algeria was engulfed in a protracted and violent civil war after the military prevented an Islamist political party, the Islamic Salvation Front from taking power following the country's first multiparty elections. More than 100,000 people were killed, often in unprovoked massacres of civilians, by guerrilla groups such as the Armed Islamic Group. Events and trends Technology Explosive growth of the Internet; decrease in the cost of computers and other technology Reduction in size and cost of mobile phones leads to a massive surge in their popularity Year 2000 problem (commonly known as Y2K) Microsoft Windows operating system becomes virtually ubiquitous on IBM... The Algerian Civil War was a conflict between the forces of the Algerian government and various rebel groups. ... The Islamic Salvation Front (تحرير الجبهة الإسلامية للإنقاذ) (French: Front Islamique du Salut) is an outlawed Islamist political party in Algeria. ... The Armed Islamic Group (GIA, from French Groupe Islamique Armé) is a militant Islamist group with the declared aim of overthrowing the Algerian government and replacing it with an Islamic state. ...


Politics

Main article: Politics of Algeria A decade of terrorist violence in Algeria has resulted in more than 100,000 deaths since 1991. ...


The head of state is the President of the republic, who is elected to a 5-year term, renewable once. Algeria has universal suffrage. The President is the head of the Council of Ministers and of the High Security Council. He appoints the Prime Minister who also is the head of government. The Prime Minister appoints the Council of Ministers. The President is the head of state and chief executive of Algeria. ... Universal suffrage (also general suffrage or common suffrage) consists of the extension of voting privileges to all adults, without distinction as to race, sex, belief or social status. ...


The Algerian parliament is bicameral, consisting of a lower chamber, the National People's Assembly (APN), with 380 members and an upper chamber, the Council of Nation, with 144 members. The APN is elected every 5 years. Alternative meanings: Parliamentary system, Parliament (band), Parliament (cigarette). ...


Algeria has been a political maverick in the Maghreb, making it difficult to create the Moroccan Maghreb Arab Union, proposed in 1989. Throughout the 1960's, Algeria supported many independence movements in sub-Saharan Africa, and was a leader in the Non-Aligned Movement. Tensions over Western Sahara (Algeria supporting the right to self-determination of the Saharawis) have caused tension with Morocco. (see also North Africa, Tamazgha, Arab Maghreb Union, Mashreq) The Maghreb (or Moghreb), meaning west in Arabic, is the region of the continent of Africa north of the Sahara desert and west of the Nile - specifically, the modern countries of Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, and to a lesser extent Libya and... The Non-Aligned Movement, or NAM is an international organization of over 100 states which consider themselves not formally aligned with or against any major power bloc. ... Western Sahara (EH in ISO 3166-1) is a region of northwestern Africa, bordering Morocco on the north, Algeria on the northeast, Mauritania to the east and south, and the Atlantic Ocean on the west. ... Sahrawi and Saharawi are terms most commonly used for the natives of the Morocco-administered Western Sahara. ... The Kingdom of Morocco is a country in northwest Africa. ...


Administrative Divisions

Main article: Provinces of Algeria Map of the provinces of Algeria in alphabetical order. ...


Algeria is divided into 48 wilayas (provinces):- A wilaya is an administrative subdivision of several countries, including Algeria, Morocco, Sudan, and Oman. ... Province is a name for a secondary, or subnational entity of government in most countries. ...

Adrar is a province of southwestern Algeria. ... Ain Defla is a province (wilaya) in northern Algeria. ... Ain Temouchent is a province in northwestern Algeria. ... For other uses, see Algiers (disambiguation). ... Annaba is a small province in the north-eastern corner of Algeria. ... The best alternative to a negotiated agreement or BATNA is a concept in negotiation theory. ... ... Bejaïa is a port in Algeria. ... Biskra is a city in Biskra province, Algeria Categories: North Africa geography stubs | Cities in Algeria ... Blida is a town of Algeria, in the department of, Algiers, 32 m. ... Bordj Bou Arreridj is a province in the east Algeria around 200 Km away from the capital Algiers. ... Bouira is a wilaya of Algeria. ... Boumerdes is a wilaya of northern Algeria, between Algiers and Tizi-Ouzou; its capital, Boumerdes, is largely a new city built in the 1980s. ... Chlef is a wilaya of Algeria. ... Constantine or Qustantînah is a city in north-east Algeria, slightly inland. ... Djelfa is a city in Djelfa province, Algeria Categories: North Africa geography stubs | Cities in Algeria ... El Bayadh is a wilaya of Algeria. ... El Oued or El Wad is a city in El Oued province, Algeria Categories: North Africa geography stubs | Cities in Algeria ... El Tarf is a wilaya of Algeria. ... Ghardaia is a town in eastern Algeria, the capital of a wilaya of the same name. ... Guelma is a wilaya in eastern Algeria. ... Illizi is a wilaya (province) in the south-eastern corner of Algeria. ... Jijel is a coastal wilaya in eastern Algeria, and a touristic town (Roman Igilgili). ... Khenchela is a wilaya of Algeria. ... Laghouat is a wilaya in central Algeria. ... Categories: Africa geography stubs | Wilayat of Algeria ... Médéa is the capital city of Medea province, Algeria Categories: North Africa geography stubs | Cities in Algeria ... Mila is a wilaya of Algeria and a architectural masterpiece in Barcelona. ... Categories: Africa geography stubs | Cities in Algeria | Wilayat of Algeria ... MSila is a wilaya of Northern Algeria. ... Naama is a wilaya of Algeria. ... This article is about the city in Algeria. ... Ouargla is a city and wilaya in southern Algeria. ... Oum el-Bouaghi is a wilaya of Algeria. ... Relizane is a wilaya of Algeria. ... Saida is a wilaya of Algeria. ... Categories: Africa geography stubs | Cities in Algeria | Wilayat of Algeria ... Categories: Africa geography stubs | Cities in Algeria | Wilayat of Algeria ... Skikda is a wilaya of Algeria. ... Souk Ahras is a wilaya of Algeria. ... Categories: Africa geography stubs | Cities in Algeria | Wilayat of Algeria ... Tebessa is a wilaya of Algeria. ... Tiaret is a wilaya of Algeria. ... Tindouf, also written Tinduf, is a city and wilaya in the west of Algeria, pop. ... Tipasa (Arabic Tibaza, older Tefessedt, Chenoua Bazar): A town on the coast of Algeria, capital of the wilaya of the same name, 30 m. ... Tissemsilt is a wilaya of Algeria. ... Tizi Ouzou is a major kabyle town and wilaya in Algeria. ... Tlemcen is a town in Northwestern Algeria, and the seat of government for the wilaya of the same name. ...

Geography

Main article: Geography of Algeria Algeria: Location: Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Morocco and Tunisia Geographic coordinates: 28 00 N, 3 00 E Map references: Africa Area: total: 2,381,740 km² land: 2,381,740 km² water: 0 km² Area comparative Australia comparative: slightly smaller than Western Australia Canada comparative: slightly bigger...

Map of Algeria with cities

Most of the coastal area is hilly, sometimes even mountainous, and there are few good harbours. The area just south of the coast, known as the Tell, is fertile. Further south is the Atlas mountain range and the Sahara desert. Algiers, Oran and Constantine are the main cities. See also Tell (poker). ... The Atlas Mountains are a mountain range in northwest Africa extending about 2400 km through Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia, and including The Rock of Gibraltar. ... The Sahara is the worlds second largest desert (second to Antarctica), over 9,000,000 km² (3,500,000 mi²), located in northern Africa and is 2. ... For other uses, see Algiers (disambiguation). ... This article is about the city in Algeria. ... Constantine or Qustantînah is a city in north-east Algeria, slightly inland. ...


Algeria's climate is arid and hot, although the coastal climate is mild, and the winters in the mountainous areas can be severe. Algeria is prone to sirocco, a hot dust- and sand-laden wind especially common in summer. Map of the climate of the Earth The climate (ancient Greek: κλίμα) is the weather averaged over a long period of time. ... This article is about the Mediterranean wind. ...


See also: Extreme points of Algeria Algeria: Location: Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Morocco and Tunisia Geographic coordinates: 28° N 3° E Map references: Africa Area: total: 2,381,740 km² land: 2,381,740 km² water: 0 km² Area comparative Australia comparative: slightly smaller than Western Australia Canada comparative: slightly bigger than Nunavut...


Economy

Main article: Economy of Algeria Economy - overview In Algeria, the hydrocarbons sector is the backbone of the economy, accounting for roughly 52% of budget revenues, 25% of GDP, and over 95% of export earnings. ...


The hydrocarbons sector is the backbone of the economy, accounting for roughly 60% of budget revenues, 30% of GDP, and over 95% of export earnings. Algeria has the fifth-largest reserves of natural gas in the world and is the second largest gas exporter; it ranks 14th in oil reserves. In chemistry, a hydrocarbon is a cleaning solution consisting only of carbon (C) and hydrogen (H). ... In economics, the gross domestic product (GDP) is a measure of the amount of the economic production of a particular territory in financial capital terms during a specific time period. ... Natural gas rig Natural gas is a gas produced by the anaerobic decay of organic material. ... Oil is a generic term for organic liquids that are not miscible with water. ...


Algeria’s financial and economic indicators improved during the mid-1990s, in part because of policy reforms supported by the IMF and debt rescheduling from the Paris Club. Algeria’s finances in 2000 and 2001 benefited from an increase in oil prices and the government’s tight fiscal policy, leading to a large increase in the trade surplus, record highs in foreign exchange reserves, and reduction in foreign debt. The government's continued efforts to diversify the economy by attracting foreign and domestic investment outside the energy sector has had little success in reducing high unemployment and improving living standards. In 2001, the government signed an Association Treaty with the European Union that will eventually lower tariffs and increase trade. The Paris Club is an informal group of financial officials from 19 of the worlds richest countries, which provides financial services such as debt restructuring, debt relief, and debt cancellation to indebted countries and their creditors. ... The European Union or EU is an intergovernmental organisation of European countries, which currently has 25 member states. ...


Demographics

Main article: Demographics of Algeria Ninety-one percent of the Algerian population lives along the Mediterranean coast on 12% of the countrys total land mass. ...


About 90% of the Algerians live in the northern, coastal area, although there are about 1.5 million people living in the southern desert most of them in oases. The mixed Berber and Arab population is mostly Islamic (99%); other religions are restricted to extremely small groups, mainly of foreigners. A dune in the Egyptian desert Desert in California In geography, a desert is a landscape form or region that receives little precipitation. ... The Berbers (also called Imazighen, free men, singular Amazigh) are a predominantly Muslim ethnic group indigenous to the Maghreb, speaking the Berber languages of the Afroasiatic family. ... Arab (disambiguation). ... Islam ( Arabic al-islām الإسلام,  listen?) the submission to God is a monotheistic faith and the worlds second-largest religion. ...


Language

Main article: Languages of Algeria % speaking Berber in each wilaya in 1966 The official language of Algeria is Arabic, as specified in its constitution since 1963. ...


The official language is Arabic, spoken natively in dialectal form ("Darja") by some 80% of the population; the other 20% or so speak Berber, officially a national language. French is widely known from schools, but is very rare as a native language. An official language is something that is given a unique status in the countries, states, and other territories. ... Arabic is a Semitic language, closely related to Hebrew and Aramaic. ... The Berbers (also called Imazighen, free men, singular Amazigh) are a predominantly Muslim ethnic group indigenous to the Maghreb, speaking the Berber languages of the Afroasiatic family. ... A national language is a matter of national identity. ... French (français, langue française) is one of the most important Romance languages, outnumbered in speakers only by Spanish and Portuguese. ... First language (native language, mother tongue) is the language a person learns first. ...


Culture

Main article: Culture of Algeria


See also: Music of Algeria, List of Algerian writers, Islam in Algeria. Algerian music is virtually synonymous with raï among foreigners; the musical genre has achieved great popularity in France, Spain and other parts of Europe. ... African Writers (by country): This is a list of literary figures from the African continent, listed by country, including poets, novelists, childrens writers, essayists, and scholars, listed by country. ... The Grand Mosque of Algiers, built in the 11th century Islam, the religion of almost all of the Algerian people, pervades most aspects of life. ...


Miscellaneous topics

Telephones - main lines in use: 2. ... Railways: total: 3,973 km standard gauge: 2,888 km 1. ... The armed forces of Algeria, known collectively as the Popular National Army (ANP), total 119,000 members, with some 100,000 reservists. ... Algeria has traditionally practiced an activist foreign policy and in the 1960s and 1970s was noted for its support of Third World policies and independence movements. ... Algeria is rich in prehistoric memorials of human occupation, especially in megalithic remains, of which nearly every known kind has been found in the country. ... List of cities in Algeria Algiers Annaba Batna Bechar Bejaia Beni Abbes Biskra Blida Bordj Bou Arreridj Bouira Boumerdes Cherchel Constantine Dellys Djelfa El Oued Ghardaia Medea Mostaganem Oran Reggane, site for French atomic tests Relizane Saida Setif Sidi Bel Abbes Skikda Tamanrasset Tebessa Tiaret Tindouf Tipasa Tizi-Ouzou Tlemcen... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ...

External links

CIA, see CIA (disambiguation). ...

Official government websites

  • El Mouradia (http://www.el-mouradia.dz) - Official presidential site (in French and Arabic)
  • National People's Assembly (http://www.apn-dz.org/apn/english/index.htm) - Official parliamentary site


Countries in Africa

Algeria | Angola | Benin | Botswana | Burkina Faso | Burundi | Cameroon | Cape Verde | Central African Republic | Chad | Comoros | Democratic Republic of the Congo | Republic of the Congo | Côte d'Ivoire | Djibouti | Egypt | Equatorial Guinea | Eritrea | Ethiopia | Gabon | The Gambia | Ghana | Guinea | Guinea-Bissau | Kenya | Lesotho | Liberia | Libya | Madagascar | Malawi | Mali | Mauritania | Mauritius | Morocco | Mozambique | Namibia | Niger | Nigeria | Rwanda | São Tomé and Príncipe | Senegal | Seychelles | Sierra Leone | Somalia | South Africa | Sudan | Swaziland | Tanzania | Togo | Tunisia | Uganda | Zambia | Zimbabwe | Western Sahara This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... Angola is a country in southwestern Africa bordering Namibia, Congo-Kinshasa, and Zambia, and with a west coast along the Atlantic Ocean. ... The Republic of Benin is a nation of western Africa, formerly known as Dahomey. ... The Republic of Botswana (Lefatshe la Botswana) is a landlocked nation of southern Africa. ... Burkina Faso is a landlocked nation of western Africa. ... The Republika yu Burundi (formerly Urundi) is a small landlocked nation in the Great Lakes region of Africa. ... The Republic of Cameroon is a unitary republic of central Africa. ... Cape Verde ( Portuguese: Cabo Verde) is a republic located on an archipelago of the North Atlantic Ocean, off the western coast of Africa. ... The Central African Republic is a land-locked country in central Africa. ... Chad (disambiguation). ... The Union of Comoros (until 2002 the Islamic Federal Republic of the Comoros) is principally a three- island country in southern Africa, situated at the northern end of the Mozambique Channel in the Indian Ocean, between northern Madagascar and northern Mozambique. ... The Democratic Republic of the Congo is a nation in central Africa and the third largest country on the continent. ... The Republic of the Congo, also known as Middle Congo, Congo-Brazzaville, and Congo (but not to be confused with the Democratic Republic of the Congo, formerly Zaire, which was also at one time known as the Republic of the Congo), is a former French colony of west-central Africa. ... Côte dIvoire (often called Ivory Coast in English; see below about the name) is a country in West Africa. ... The Republic of Djibouti (جيبوتي) is a country in eastern Africa, located in the Horn of Africa. ... The Arab Republic of Egypt, commonly known as Egypt, (in Arabic: مصر, romanized Mişr or Maşr, in Egyptian dialect) is a republic mostly located in northeastern Africa. ... The Republic of Equatorial Guinea is a nation of Central Africa. ... National motto: None Official languages Tigrigna, Arabic and English Capital Asmara President Isaias Afewerki Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 96th 121,320 km² Negligible Population  - Total (2002)  - Density Ranked 118th 4,298,269 37/km² Independence  - Limited  - Fully From Ethiopia  May 29, 1991  May 24, 1993 Currency Nakfa Time zone UTC... This article needs cleanup. ... The Gabonese Republic, or Gabon, is a nation of west central Africa. ... The Republic of the Gambia is a nation in West Africa. ... The Republic of Ghana is a nation of Africa, specifically West Africa within Sub-Saharan Africa. ... The Republic of Guinea is a nation of northwest Africa. ... The Republic of Guinea-Bissau is a country on the Atlantic coast of western Africa. ... Kenya (pronounced either as KEN-ya or as KEEN-ya, the former being more common and thought to be correct) is a country of eastern Africa, bordering Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda and the Indian Ocean. ... The Kingdom of Lesotho is a country in southern Africa. ... The Republic of Liberia is a country on the west coast of Africa, bordered by Sierra Leone, Guinea and Côte dIvoire. ... This article is about Libya, the country in North Africa. ... This article is about the country; for the movie see Madagascar (movie) Madagascar is an island nation in the Indian Ocean, off the eastern coast of Africa. ... The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. ... The Republic of Mali is a country in west Africa, formerly a French colony. ... The Islamic Republic of Mauritania is a country in northwest Africa. ... The Republic of Mauritius is an island country in the southwest Indian Ocean, about 900 km east of Madagascar. ... The Kingdom of Morocco is a country in northwest Africa. ... Mozambique is a country in Southern Africa, bordering South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe. ... The Republic of Namibia is a country in southwest Africa, on the Atlantic coast. ... Niger (Pronounced Nījer) is a landlocked sub-Saharan country in Western Africa situated north of Nigeria and south of Algeria and Libya, named after the Niger river. ... The Federal Republic of Nigeria is a country in West Africa. ... Rwanda is a country in central Africa. ... The Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe is a tiny two- island nation in the Gulf of Guinea, distanced 140 kilometers from one another, and situated about 250 and 225 kilometers, respectively, off the northwestern coast of Gabon. ... The Republic of Senegal is a country south of the Senegal River in West Africa. ... The Republic of Seychelles (Creole: Repiblik Sesel) is an island nation in the Indian Ocean, some 1,600 km east of mainland Africa, northeast of the island of Madagascar. ... The Republic of Sierra Leone is a country in West Africa, on the coast of the Atlantic Ocean. ... Somalia (Somali: Soomaaliya; Arabic: الصومال, As-Sumal), formerly known as the Somali Democratic Republic, is an African country that exists solely in a de jure capacity. ... Foreign relations Main article: Foreign relations of Sudan Sudan has a territorial dispute with Egypt over the Halaib Triangle. ... The Kingdom of Swaziland is a small country in southern Africa, embedded between South Africa in the west and Mozambique in the east. ... The United Republic of Tanzania (Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania in Swahili) is a country on the east coast of central Africa. ... See also Togoville for the town formerly known as Togo The Togolese Republic is a country in West Africa, bordering Ghana in the west, Benin in the east and Burkina Faso in the north. ... The Tunisian Republic, or Tunisia, is a Muslim Arab country situated on the North African Mediterranean coast. ... The Republic of Uganda is a country in east central Africa. ... Zambia is a republic in south central Africa. ... The Republic of Zimbabwe is a country located in the southern part of the continent of Africa, between the Victoria Falls, Zambezi river, Kariba Dam and Limpopo river. ... Western Sahara (EH in ISO 3166-1) is a region of northwestern Africa, bordering Morocco on the north, Algeria on the northeast, Mauritania to the east and south, and the Atlantic Ocean on the west. ...

Dependencies: Canary Islands | Ceuta and Melilla | Madeira Islands | Mayotte | Réunion | Saint Helena and dependencies


Capitals Las Palmas de Gran Canaria Santa Cruz de Tenerife Area  – Total  – % of Spain Ranked 13th  7 447 km  1,5% Population  – Total (2003)  – % of Spain  – Density Ranked 8th  1 843 755  4,4%  247,58/km Demonym  – English  – Spanish Canary Islander canario/a Statute of Autonomy August 16, 1982... Ceuta is a Spanish exclave in North Africa, located on the northernmost tip of Maghreb, on the Mediterranean coast near the Straits of Gibraltar. ... Melilla, known in Arabic as مليلة, and in Tamazight as Tamlit is a Spanish autonomous city on the coast of eastern Morocco, in North Africa. ... For other uses of the word, see Madeira (disambiguation) Madeira Islands location. ... Map of Mayotte. ... Réunion is an island, as well as an overseas département (département doutre-mer, or DOM) of France, located in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar. ... For alternate uses, see Saint Helena (disambiguation). ...

edit  (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Template:Former_French_colonies&action=edit) Former French colonies, protectorate and posessions
Algeria | Kwang-Chou-Wan | New France (Acadia, Lousiana, Québec, Nova Scotia) | French Indochina (Tonkin, Cochinchina, Annam, Laos, Kampuchea) | Vanuatu
French colonisation of the Americas

  Results from FactBites:
 
Algeria - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1762 words)
The Algerian parliament is bicameral, consisting of a lower chamber, the National People's Assembly (APN), with 380 members and an upper chamber, the Council of Nation, with 144 members.
About 90% of the Algerians live in the northern, coastal area, although there are about 1.5 million people living in the southern desert most of them in oases.
In philosophy and the humanities, Malek Bennabi and Frantz Fanon are noted for their thoughts on decolonization, while Augustine of Hippo was born in Annaba, and Ibn Khaldun, though born in Tunis, wrote the Muqaddima while staying in Algeria.
Algerian War of Independence - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (5210 words)
The Algerian War of Independence (1954–62) was a period of guerrilla strikes, maquis fighting, terrorism against civilians on both sides, and riots between the French army and colonists, or the "colons" as they were called, in Algeria and the FLN (Front de Libération Nationale) and other pro-independence Algerians.
In the three years (1957–60) during which the regroupement program was followed, more than 2 million Algerians were removed from their villages, mostly in the mountainous areas, and resettled in the plains, where many found it impossible to reestablish their accustomed economic or social situations.
According to France, in 1962 there were 236,000 Algerian Muslims fighting for the French army; some estimates suggest that, with their families, they may have numbered at much as 1 million, but 400,000 is more commonly cited.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m