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Encyclopedia > Alfredo Kraus


Alfredo Kraus Trujillo (24 September 192710 September 1999) was a Spanish tenor of Austrian descent, and considered among the legendary tenors of the 20th century along with others like Plácido Domingo, Franco Corelli, Jussi Björling, José Carreras, Jon Vickers and Luciano Pavarotti. His best known role was the title role in Massenet's Werther. is the 267th day of the year (268th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 253rd day of the year (254th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... A tenor is a singer with a voice range from approximately C3 (one octave below middle C) to A4 (above middle C) in choral music, or to tenor C (C5, one octave above middle C) or higher in operatic music (see voice type). ... Plácido Domingo José Plácido Domingo Embil KBE (born January 21, 1941[1]), better known as Plácido Domingo, is the world renowned operatic tenor. ... Franco Corelli. ... Johan Jonatan   (5 February 1911 – 9 September 1960) was a Swedish tenor and one of the most highly regarded opera singers of the 20th century. ... José Carreras Coll (Catalan: Josep Carreras i Coll) (born December 5, 1946) is a Spanish operatic tenor. ... Jon S. Vickers, CC , D.Mus. ... Luciano Pavarotti, in a 2001 performance in the Stade Vélodrome in Marseille Luciano Pavarotti (October 12, 1935 – September 6, 2007) was a celebrated Italian tenor and one of the most popular vocal performers in the world of opera and across multiple musical genres. ... Jules Massenet Jules (Émile Frédéric) Massenet (May 12, 1842 – August 13, 1912) was a French composer. ... Werther is an opera in four acts by Jules Massenet to a French libretto by Édouard Blau, based on the novel The Sorrows of Young Werther by Goethe. ...

Contents

Early years

Kraus was born in Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Gran Canaria, Spain, where the local concert hall, the 1997 built 'Auditorio Alfredo Kraus', is named after him. He began his musical career at the age of four taking up piano lessons, singing in the school choir by age eight. Las Palmas de Gran Canaria is a Spanish city, the capital city of Gran Canaria which is one of the Canary Islands, in the Atlantic Ocean, 210 kilometers located off the northwestern coast of Africa. ... Gran Canaria, rarely Grand Canary (archaic), is the third largest island of the Canary Islands, an archipelago located in the Atlantic Ocean 210 km from the northwest coast of Africa and belonging to Spain. ...


Debuts

In 1956, Kraus made his professional operatic debut in Cairo as the Duke in Rigoletto, which became one of his signature roles. In 1958, he sang Alfredo at the Teatro Nacional de São Carlos in Lisbon in a production of La Traviata with Maria Callas, a live recording of which was later released. Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Nickname: Egypt: Site of Cairo (top center) Coordinates: , Government  - Governor Dr. Abdul Azim Wazir Area  - City 214 km²  (82. ... Rigoletto is an opera in four acts by Giuseppe Verdi. ... Year 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Main façade of the Teatro. ... Location    - Country Portugal    - Region Lisboa  - Subregion Grande Lisboa  - District or A.R. Lisbon Mayor Carmona Rodrigues  - Party PSD Area 84. ... La traviata is an opera in three acts by Giuseppe Verdi set to an Italian libretto by Francesco Maria Piave. ... Maria Callas in a casual moment, 1960s Maria Callas (Greek: Μαρία Κάλλας) (December 2, 1923 – September 16, 1977) was an American born, Greek dramatic coloratura soprano and perhaps the best-known opera singer of the post-World War II period. ...


Kraus made his Covent Garden debut as Edgardo in Lucia di Lammermoor in 1959 and his La Scala debut as Elvino in La Sonnambula in 1960. He made his U.S. debut with Lyric Opera of Chicago 1962 and his Metropolitan Opera debut in 1966 in Rigoletto. The Floral Hall of the Royal Opera House The Royal Opera House is a performing arts venue in London. ... Lucia di Lammermoor is a dramma tragico, or opera, in three acts by Gaetano Donizetti. ... Year 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Teatro alla Scala in Milan, by night. ... La Sonnambula is an opera by Vincenzo Bellini. ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Exterior of the Civic Opera House Lyric Opera of Chicago is one of the leading opera companies in the United States. ... Year 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, the lead section of this article may need to be expanded. ... Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ...


Career

In the subsequent decades, he extended his repertoire to include more Italian operas such as Lucrezia Borgia, La fille du régiment, Linda di Chamounix and La favorita by Donizetti; and French operas such as Roméo et Juliette, Les contes d'Hoffmann and Lakmé, while continuing to sing his hallmark roles of Des Grieux in Manon and Werther. He also recorded a number of rarely performed French operas including La jolie fille de Perth and Les pêcheurs de perles, both by Bizet, and La muette de Portici by Auber. Lucrezia Borgia is an Italian opera by Gaetano Donizetti. ... La fille du régiment (The Daughter of the Regiment) is a comic opera in two acts by Gaetano Donizetti. ... Linda di Chamounix (Linda of Chamounix) is a melodramma semiserio, a semi-serious opera, in three acts by Gaetano Donizetti. ... La favorite (The Favorite) is an opera in four acts by Gaetano Donizetti to a French libretto by Alphonse Royer and Gustave Vaëz, based on the play Le comte de Comminges by Baculard dArnaud. ... Roméo et Juliette (Romeo and Juliet) is an opera in five acts by Charles Gounod to a French libretto by Jules Barbier and Michel Carré, based on the play by Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare. ... Les contes dHoffmann (Tales of Hoffmann) is an opera by Jacques Offenbach. ... Original poster for Lakmé Lakmé is an opera in three acts by Léo Delibes to a French libretto by Edmond Gondinet and Philippe Gille, based on the 1880 novel Rarahu ou Le Mariage de Loti by Pierre Loti. ... Manon is an opera in five acts by Jules Massenet to a French libretto by Henri Meilhac and Philippe Gille, based on L’histoire du chevalier des Grieux et de Manon Lescaut by Abbé Prévost. ... La jolie fille de Perth (The Fair Maid of Perth) is an opera in four acts by Georges Bizet (1866), from a libretto by Jules-Henri Vernoy de Saint-Georges and Jules Adenis, after the novel by Sir Walter Scott. ... Les Pêcheurs de Perles (The Pearlfishers) is a three-act opera by Georges Bizet, to a libretto by Eugène Cormon and Michael Carré. While not nearly as popular as his far more famous Carmen, it contains a wealth of attractive music and has found some popularity despite its... Georges Bizet Georges Bizet (October 25, 1838 – June 3, 1875) was a French composer and pianist of the romantic era. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Daniel François Esprit Auber (January 29, 1782 - May 13, 1871), French composer, the son of a Paris print-seller, was born in Caen in Normandy. ...


Kraus came to be virtually synonymous with such lyric tenor roles as Faust, Nemorino, Werther, Arturo and Don Ottavio. Kraus was also known for his performances of lighter music, notably zarzuela and Spanish folk songs, which he recorded on his own label, Carillon. Voice type, often called Fach (pl. ... Faust is an opera in five acts by Charles Gounod to a French libretto by Jules Barbier and Michel Carré from Carrés play Faust et Marguerite, in turn loosely based on Goethes Faust, Part I. It debuted at the Théatre-Lyrique in Paris on March 19, 1859. ... Lelisir damore (The Elixir of Love) is a comic opera in two acts by Gaetano Donizetti to an Italian libretto by Felice Romani, based on Eugène Scribes Le Philtre. ... I puritani (The Puritans) is an opera in three acts, by Vincenzo Bellini. ... Don Giovanni (K.527; complete title: Il dissoluto punito, ossia il Don Giovanni, literally The Rake Punishd, or Don Giovanni) is an opera in two acts with music by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and libretto by Lorenzo da Ponte. ... For other uses, see Zarzuela (disambiguation). ...


Technique

Thanks to his superlative technique and careful husbanding of his vocal resources, Kraus sang onstage well into his early 70s.


Alfredo Kraus studied voice technique in Milan with Mercedes Llopart. Students of this famous soprano include: Anna Moffo, Fiorenza Cossotto, Ivo Vinco, Renata Scotto, greek soprano Elena Souliotis, venezuelan soprano Cecilia Núñez Albanese, and Baritone Francisco Kraus Trujillo, Alfredo Kraus's brother.


Kraus was also noted for extremely refined musicianship, accompanied by a seemingly effortless high register. As a result, many opera connoisseurs consider him to be one of the best tenors of the end of the 20th century. Several interviews with Alfredo Kraus also show him to be an intelligent man with a great deal of thought behind the artistic choices in his roles, an admirably cultivated musical education and complete respect for his chosen profession that guided his choices so that his first priority was the integrity of his artistic interpretation of a piece and not to showcase his formidable range or technique.


Recognition

In 1991, Kraus was awarded the Prince of Asturias Award. In 1997, his home city of Las Palmas opened the The Alfredo Kraus Auditorium. The Prince of Asturias Awards (Spanish: Premios Príncipe de Asturias, Asturian: Premios Príncipe dAsturies) is a series of annual prizes given in Spain by the Fundación Príncipe de Asturias to individuals, entities, organizations or others from around the world who make notable achievements in the...


Later years

The last two years of Kraus's life were darkened by the death of his wife in 1997, which affected him so deeply that he stopped performing for eight months. A proud and strong-willed man, he eventually returned to the stage and to teaching, making the comment “I don't have the will for singing but I must do it, because, in a sense, it is a sign that I have overcome the tragedy. Singing is a form of admitting that I'm alive." For the band, see 1997 (band). ...


Kraus died on September 10, 1999 in Madrid, at the age of 71, after a long illness. is the 253rd day of the year (254th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Motto: (Spanish for From Madrid to Heaven) Location Coordinates: , Country Spain Autonomous Community Comunidad Autónoma de Madrid Province Madrid Administrative Divisions 21 Neighborhoods 127 Founded 9th century Government  - Mayor Alberto Ruiz-Gallardón Jimémez (PP) Area  - Land 607 km² (234. ...


External links

  • Biography and discography (in Spanish)

  Results from FactBites:
 
NodeWorks - Encyclopedia: Alfredo Kraus (233 words)
Alfredo Kraus (24 November 1927 – 10 September 1999) was a Spanish tenor.
Kraus was born in Las Palmas, Grand Canary.
Kraus made his Covent Garden debut as Edgardo in Lucia di Lammermoor in 1959 and his La Scala debut as Elvino en La Sonnambula in 1960.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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