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Encyclopedia > Alfred von Tirpitz
Alfred von Tirpitz
Alfred von Tirpitz

Alfred von Tirpitz (March 19, 1849March 6, 1930) was a German Admiral, Minister of State and Commander of the Kaiserliche Marine in World War I from 1914 until 1916. Admiral Alfred von Tirpitz This image was scanned from a public domain text by the Great War Primary Documents Archive and is made available by them for any purpose provided that they are credited and a link is given to the Photos of the Great War page; see the conditions... Admiral Alfred von Tirpitz This image was scanned from a public domain text by the Great War Primary Documents Archive and is made available by them for any purpose provided that they are credited and a link is given to the Photos of the Great War page; see the conditions... March 19 is the 78th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (79th in leap years). ... 1849 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... March 6 is the 65th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (66th in Leap years). ... 1930 (MCMXXX) is a common year starting on Wednesday. ... Admiral is a word from the Arabic term Amir-al-bahr (Lord of the bay). ... The Kaiserliche Marine or Imperial Navy was the German Navy created by the formation of the German Empire and existed between 1871 and 1919; it grew out of the Prussian Navy and the Norddeutsche Bundesmarine. ... World War I was primarily a European conflict with many facets: immense human sacrifice, stalemate trench warfare, and the use of new, devastating weapons - tanks, aircraft, machine guns, and poison gas. ... 1914 (MCMXIV) is a common year starting on Thursday. ... 1916 (MCMXVI) is a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar) // Events January-February January 1 -The first successful blood transfusion using blood that had been stored and cooled. ...


Born in Kuestrin in Brandenburg, the son of a senior civil servant, he grew up in Frankfurt an der Oder. He joined the Prussian Navy in 1865 and attended Kiel Naval School, gaining his commission in 1869. At first he was part of a torpedo fleet but in 1871 he joined the torpedo department at the new German naval ministry and in 1877 he was made inspector-general of the torpedo fleet. Surrounding but excluding the national capital Berlin, Brandenburg is one of Germanys sixteen Bundesländer (federal states). ... Frankfurt an der Oder [ˈfraŋkfʊrt] (German formal name: Frankfurt (Oder), Sorbian/Lusatian: Frankobord, Polish: Frankfurt nad Odrą) is a town in Brandenburg, Germany located on the Oder River, on the German-Polish border directly opposite the city of Słubice. ... Throughout the centuries, Prussia’s military consistently concentrated on its land power, and never sought a similar power at sea. ... A modern torpedo, historically called a self-propelled torpedo, is a self-propelled guided projectile that (after being launched above or below the water surface) operates underwater and is designed to detonate on contact or in proximity to a target. ...


He joined the Naval staff in 1892 and was made a Rear Admiral in 1895. In 1896-97 he commanded the Asian cruiser squadron and oversaw the gain of Kiaochow as a German port. In 1897 he was made Secretary of State for the Navy. An energetic campaigner for a greatly enlarged fleet and supported by the Kaiser he championed the Fleet Acts of 1898, 1900, 1908 and 1912 which by 1914 had given Germany the second largest naval force in the world (roughly 40% smaller than the Royal Navy). It included seven modern dreadnoughts, five battlecruisers, twenty-five cruisers and twenty pre-dreadnought battleships as well as over forty submarines. Although including fairly unrealistic targets the expansion program was sufficient to alarm the British, starting a costly naval arms race and pushing the British into closer ties with the French. The term Rear Admiral originated from the days of Naval Sailing Squadrons, and can trace its origins to the British Royal Navy. ... The Jiaozhou Bay was from 1898 to 1914 a German colony with a size of 552km² and the capital Qingdao (meaning Green island. Jiaozhou is situated at the southern coast of the Chinese province Shandong Peninsula. ... This page lists German naval ministers. ... Wilhelm II of Germany (born Friedrich Wilhelm Viktor Albert von Preußen 27 January 1859–4 June 1941), was the last German Emperor (Kaiser) and the last King (König) of Prussia, ruling from 15 June 1888 to 9 November 1918. ... The Fleet Acts were four separate laws passed by the German Empire, in 1898, 1900, 1908, and 1912. ... The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the senior service of the British armed services, being the oldest of its three branches. ... Dreadnought may refer to HMS Dreadnought, the name of several warships of the Royal Navy A generic term for early 20th century battleships following the launch of the revolutionary HMS Dreadnought in 1906 A popular term for any large, impressive mechanical device, particularly British or Australian trams from the early... HMS Hood (left) and HMS Barham (right), in Malta, 1937. ... USS Port Royal, a Ticonderoga-class guided missile cruiser, launched in 1994. ... HMS Victory in 1884 HMS Dreadnought the first all-big-gun battleship. ... HMS Vanguard, a Vanguard-class nuclear ballistic missile (SSBN) submarine HMCS Windsor, a Victoria-class diesel-electric hunter-killer (SSK) submarine HMAS Rankin, a Collins-class diesel-electric guided missile (SSG) submarine USS Virginia, a Virginia-class nuclear attack (SSN) submarine A submarine is a specialized watercraft that can operate...


Tirpitz developed a "risk theory" (an analysis which today would be considered part of game theory) whereby, if the German Navy reached a certain level of strength relative to the British Navy, the British would try to avoid confrontation with Germany. If the two navies fought, the German Navy would be destroyed but the British Navy would be fatally crippled. Because the British relied on their navy to maintain control over the British Empire, Tirpitz felt they would rather keep control of the empire, and let Germany become a world power, than lose the empire as the cost of keeping Germany less powerful. This theory sparked a naval arms race between Germany and Great Britain in the first decade of the 20th century. Game theory is a branch of applied mathematics that studies strategic situations where players choose different actions in an attempt to maximize their returns. ... // History German frigate Karlsruhe rescuing shipwrecked people off the coast of Somalia while participating in the international anti-terror operation ENDURING FREEDOM, April 2005 The German Navy (German: Deutsche Marine   listen?) is the navy of Germany. ... The Royal Navy is the navy of the United Kingdom. ... The British Empire in 1897, marked in pink, the traditional colour for Imperial British dominions on maps The British Empire was the worlds first global power and the largest empire in history. ... An arms race is a competition between two or more countries for military supremacy. ...


However, this theory was based on the assumption that Great Britain would have to send its fleet into the North Sea to blockade the German ports (blockading Germany was the only way the Royal Navy could seriously harm Germany), where the German Navy could force a battle. But due to Germany's geographic location, Great Britain could blockade Germany by closing the entrance to the North Sea in the English Channel and the area between Bergen and the Shetland Islands. Faced with this option a German Admiral commented: If the British do that, the role of our navy will be a sad one, correctly predicting the role the surface fleet would have during World War I. The North Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean, located between the coasts of Norway and Denmark in the east, the coast of the British Isles in the west, and the German, Dutch, Belgian and French coasts in the south. ... The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the senior service of the British armed services, being the oldest of its three branches. ... Satellite view of the English Channel The English Channel, also for some time known as the British Sea (French: La Manche, the sleeve) is the part of the Atlantic Ocean that separates the island of Great Britain from northern France, and joins the North Sea to the Atlantic Ocean. ... County Hordaland Landscape Midhordland Municipality NO-1201 Administrative centre Bergen Mayor (2004) Herman Friele (H) Official language form Neutral Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 215 465 km² 445 km² 0. ... The Shetland Islands (also sometimes spelled Zetland or Hjaltland) are one of 32 unitary council regions in Scotland, and also form a traditional county and Lieutenancy area, and the Shetland constituency of the Scottish Parliament. ... World War I was primarily a European conflict with many facets: immense human sacrifice, stalemate trench warfare, and the use of new, devastating weapons - tanks, aircraft, machine guns, and poison gas. ...


Tirpitz had been made a Grand Admiral in 1911 and was appointed Commander of the Navy on the outbreak of war. Despite the building program he felt the war had come too soon for a successful surface challenge to the Royal Navy as the fleet act of 1900 had included a seventeen year timetable. Instead Tirpitz pushed for a great increase in submarine construction and unrestricted use of these new boats. Over the war 345 new U-boats were constructed and even at the Armistice over 200 were under construction. When restrictions were not lifted he resigned on March 15, 1916. He was replaced as Navy minister by Eduard von Capelle. German Grand Admiral Sleeve Insignia Grand Admiral Shoulder Insignia In the German Navy the rank of Grand Admiral (Großadmiral) was considered the highest Naval rank. ... U-boat is also a nickname for some diesel locomotives built by GE; see List of GE locomotives October 1939. ... An armistice is the effective end of a war, when the warring parties agree to stop fighting. ... March 15 is the 74th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (75th in Leap years). ... 1916 (MCMXVI) is a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar) // Events January-February January 1 -The first successful blood transfusion using blood that had been stored and cooled. ... Admiral Eduard von Capelle (1855-1931) was a German Navy officer and Navy Minister. ...


After the war he became head of the conservative Deutschnationalen Volkspartei (DNVP, Fatherland Party) and was elected to the Reichstag from 1924 until 1928. 1924 electoral poster, using the Admiral Tirpitz as a figure head The German National Peoples Party (German: Deutschnationale Volkspartei) (DNVP) was a right wing national-conservative party in Germany during the time of the Weimar Republic. ... The term Reichstag (   listen?) [ɹaɪçtak] (in English: Imperial Diet) is a composition of German Reich (Empire) and tag (which does not mean day here, but is a derivate of the verb tagen, which means to meet or assemble). ...


The German battleship Tirpitz was named for him in 1939. Tirpitz was a Bismarck class battleship and the sister ship of the German Kriegsmarine battleship Bismarck. ... // Events January-March January 2 - End of term for Frank Finley Merriam, 28th Governor of California. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Alfred Von Tirpitz - LoveToKnow 1911 (986 words)
In the conduct of the naval war the official role of Tirpitz was confined to reporting and advising at general headquarters, the actual conduct and initiative in operations being in the hands of the higher command of the navy at Wilhelmshaven, subject to the Emperor's approval or veto.
Tirpitz himself maintains that his naval aspirations were directed not towards a war with Great Britain, but to the creation of a state of naval equilibrium or of German superiority, which would have enabled Germany to insist upon the unreserved cooperation of British policy in her world aims.
Tirpitz remained a leading figure in the political agitation against the Chancellor's policy and was selected as president of the " Vaterlandspartei," a political association started in Sept. 1917 under reactionary auspices to combat all attempts at peace by compromise, and to advocate the prosecution of the U-boat warfare with extreme ruthlessness.
Alfred von Tirpitz - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (789 words)
Alfred von Tirpitz (March 19, 1849 – March 6, 1930) was a German Admiral, Secretary of State of the Imperial Naval Office, the powerful administrative branch of the Kaiserliche Marine from 1897 until 1916.
Captain Tirpitz became Chief of the Naval staff in 1892 and was made a Rear Admiral in 1895.
Tirpitz' design to achieve world power status through naval power, while at the same time addressing domestic issues are commonly referred to as the Tirpitz Plan.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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