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Encyclopedia > Alfred Hitchcock
Alfred Hitchcock

Birth name Alfred Joseph Hitchcock
Born August 13, 1899(1899-08-13)
Leytonstone, London, England
Died April 29, 1980 (aged 80)
Bel Air, Los Angeles, U.S.A.
Years active 1921–1976
Spouse(s) Alma Reville (1926-1980)

Sir Alfred Joseph Hitchcock KBE (August 13, 1899 – April 29, 1980) was an iconic and highly influential British-born film director and producer who pioneered many techniques in the suspense and thriller genres. He directed more than fifty feature films in a career spanning six decades, from the silent film era, through the invention of talkies, to the colour era. Hitchcock was among the most consistently successful and publicly recognizable world directors during his lifetime, and remains one of the best known and most popular of all time. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2111x2728, 1930 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Alfred Hitchcock Trevor Nunn John Madden (director) Ian Cottage Roland Joffé Guy Hamilton Stephen Daldry Anthony Asquith John... is the 225th day of the year (226th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1899 (MDCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... , Leytonstone is a place in the London Borough of Waltham Forest, in East London, England. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... is the 119th day of the year (120th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... Bel-Air redirects here. ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... Alma Reville (August 14, 1899 – July 6, 1982 in Bel-Air, Los Angeles, California) was an actress, assistant director and the wife of Alfred Hitchcock, whom she met while working as an assistant director on one of his first films. ... Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ... The Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award is awarded periodically (although not every year) at the Academy Awards ceremonies to Creative producers, whose bodies of work reflect a consistently high quality of motion picture production. ... The Golden Globe Awards are American awards for motion pictures and television programs, given out each year during a formal dinner. ... Alfred Hitchcock Presents was an anthology television series hosted by Alfred Hitchcock. ... The Cecil B. DeMille Award for lifetime achievement in motion pictures has been given annually since 1952 by the Hollywood Foreign Press Association at the Golden Globe Award ceremonies in Hollywood, California. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Lady Vanishes is a 1938 film directed by Alfred Hitchcock, adapted by Sidney Gilliat and Frank Launder from the novel The Wheel Spins by Ethel Lina White. ... An incomplete list of the winners of the National Board of Review Award for Best Director made by the National Board of Review of Motion Pictures: // 1980: Robert Redford for directing Ordinary People 1981: Warren Beatty for directing Reds 1982: Sidney Lumet for directing The Verdict 1983: James L. Brooks... This article is about the mineral or gemstone. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is a British order of chivalry established on 4 June 1917 by King George V. The Order includes five classes in civil and military divisions; in decreasing order of seniority, these are Knight Grand Cross or Dame Grand Cross (GBE) Knight Commander... is the 225th day of the year (226th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1899 (MDCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 119th day of the year (120th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... This article is about motion pictures. ... Director Herbert Brenon with actress Alla Nazimova on the set of War Brides, 1916 A director is a person who directs the making of a film. ... A film producer creates the conditions for making movies. ... Look up Suspense in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The thriller is a broad genre of literature, film, and television. ... A reel of film, which predates digital cinematography. ... A silent film is a film which has no accompanying soundtrack. ... A sound film (or talkie) is a motion picture with synchronized sound, as opposed to a silent movie. ... 35 mm film frames from color film print (positive) with optical sound track (no digital sound tracks present). ...


Famous for his expert and largely unrivalled control of pace and suspense, Hitchcock's films draw heavily on both fear and fantasy, and are known for their droll humour and witticisms. They often portray innocent people caught up in circumstances beyond their control or understanding. For other uses, see Fear (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Fantasy (disambiguation). ... Droll humor is an often dry, witty form of humor that elicits laughs through amusingly odd, sometimes zany behavior or speech. ...


Hitchcock was born and raised in Leytonstone, London, England. He began his directing career in the United Kingdom in 1922, but from 1939 he worked primarily in the United States and applied for U.S. citizenship in 1956. Hitchcock and his family owned a mountaintop estate known as Cornwall Ranch or "Heart o' the Mountain" at the end of Canham Road, high above Scotts Valley, California, from 1940 to 1972. They bought a second home in late 1942 at 10957 Bellagio Road in Los Angeles, just across from the Bel Air Country Club. Hitchcock died of renal failure in 1980.[1] , Leytonstone is a place in the London Borough of Waltham Forest, in East London, England. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... “Citizen” redirects here. ... Scotts Valley is a city located in Santa Cruz County, California. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Renal failure or kidney failure is a situation in which the kidneys fail to function adequately. ...


Rebecca was the only one of his films to win the Academy Award for Best Picture, although four others were nominated. However, Hitchcock never won an Academy Award for Best Director. He was awarded the Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award for lifetime achievement in 1967, but never personally received an Academy Award of Merit. Rebecca is an Academy Award–winning 1940 psychological thriller directed by Alfred Hitchcock as his first American project. ... // The Academy Award for Best Motion Picture is one of the Academy Awards, awards given to people working in the motion picture industry by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, which are voted on by others within the industry. ... The Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award is awarded periodically (although not every year) at the Academy Awards ceremonies to Creative producers, whose bodies of work reflect a consistently high quality of motion picture production. ... Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ...

Contents

Life

Childhood and youth

Alfred Hitchcock was born on August 13, 1899, in Leytonstone, Essex (now London), the second son and youngest of three children of William Hitchcock (1862-1914), a greengrocer and poulterer, and his wife, Emma Jane Hitchcock (née Whelan; 1863-1942). His family was mostly Roman Catholic, being of Irish extraction.[2] Hitchcock was sent to the Jesuit Classic school it was very good for him []St. Ignatius College in Enfield, London. He often described his childhood as being very lonely and sheltered, which was undoubtedly compounded by his weight issues.[3] is the 225th day of the year (226th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1899 (MDCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... , Leytonstone is a place in the London Borough of Waltham Forest, in East London, England. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... A greengrocer in central Milan with a sign in Milanese, the local dialect, claiming to be the oldest greengrocer of Milan (lortolán püŝee vêcc de Milan) A greengrocer is a retail trader in fruit and vegetables; that is, in green groceries. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... The Society of Jesus (Latin: Societas Iesu), commonly known as the Jesuits, is a Roman Catholic religious order. ... St Ignatius College is a Catholic secondary school for boys, aged 10-18, located in Enfield, Middlesex. ...


It is widely known that as a child, Hitchcock's father once sent him to their local police station with a note asking the officer to lock him away for ten minutes as punishment for behaving badly. This idea of being harshly treated or wrongfully accused is more than commonly reflected in Hitchcock's films.[4]


His mother would often make him address her while standing at the foot of her bed, especially if he behaved badly, forcing him to stand there for hours. This would be recalled by the character Norman Bates in Psycho.[5] Norman Bates is a fictional character created by writer Robert Bloch as the central character in his novel Psycho. ... Psycho is a 1960 suspense/horror film directed by auteur Alfred Hitchcock from the screenplay by Joseph Stefano about a psychotic killer. ...


When Hitchcock was 14, his father died; the same year, he left the Jesuit-run St Ignatius' College in Stamford Hill, his school at the time, to study at the School for Engineering and Navigation. After graduating, he became a draftsman and advertising designer with a cable company.[6] St Ignatius College is a Catholic secondary school for boys, aged 10-18, located in Enfield, Middlesex. ... Stamford Hill is a place in the north of the London Borough of Hackney, near the border with Haringey. ... Technical drawing, also known as drafting, is the practice of creating accurate representations of objects for technical, architectural and engineering needs. ... Advert redirects here. ...


About that time, Hitchcock became intrigued by photography and started working in film in London. In 1920, he got a full-time job at Islington Studios with its American owner, Famous Players-Lasky and their British successor, Gainsborough Pictures, designing the titles for silent movies.[7] Photography [fәtɑgrәfi:],[foʊtɑgrәfi:] is the process of recording pictures by means of capturing light on a light-sensitive medium, such as a film or electronic sensor. ... For other uses, see Islington (disambiguation). ... Famous Players-Lasky Corporation studios Famous Players-Lasky Corporation was an American motion picture company formed in 1916 from the merger of Famous Players Film Company and the Jesse L. Lasky Feature Play Company. ... Gainsborough Pictures was a film studio based in Poole Street, Hoxton in the London Borough of Hackney, active between 1924 and 1951. ...


Pre-War British career

In 1925, Michael Balcon of Gainsborough Pictures gave him a chance to direct his first film, The Pleasure Garden made at Ufa studios in Germany. The commercial failure of this film threatened to derail his promising career.[8] In 1926, however, Hitchcock made his debut in the thriller genre. The resulting film, The Lodger: A Story of the London Fog was a major commercial and critical success when it was released throughout the U.K. in January 1927. Like many of his earlier works, it was influenced by Expressionist techniques he had witnessed firsthand in Germany. This is the first truly "Hitchcockian" film, incorporating such themes as the "wrong man".[9] Sir Michael Balcon (19 May 1896–17 October 1977) was a British film producer, best known for his work with the Ealing Studios. ... The Pleasure Garden is a 1925 film (actually released in early 1927), and the debut feature of Alfred Hitchcock. ... UFA logo Universum Film AG, better known as Ufa or UFA, was the principal film studio in Germany, home of the German film industry during the Weimar Republic and through World War II, and a major force in world cinema during its brief existence from 1917 to 1945. ... // August - Warner Brothers debuts the first Vitaphone film, Don Juan. ... The Lodger: A Story of the London Fog often just called The Lodger was a 1927 silent film directed by Alfred Hitchcock. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Following the success of The Lodger, Hitchcock began his first efforts to promote himself in the media, and hired a publicist to cement his growing reputation as one of the British film industry's rising stars. On December 2, 1926, he married his assistant director Alma Reville at Brompton Oratory. Their daughter Patricia was born in 1928. Alma was Hitchcock's closest collaborator. She wrote some of his screenplays and (though often uncredited) worked with him on every one of his films. is the 336th day of the year (337th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Alma Reville (August 14, 1899 – July 6, 1982 in Bel-Air, Los Angeles, California) was an actress, assistant director and the wife of Alfred Hitchcock, whom she met while working as an assistant director on one of his first films. ... The Brompton Oratory, with Holy Trinity Brompton visible in the background Statue of Cardinal Newman outside the church The Church of the Immaculate Heart of Mary, popularly but incorrectly known as the Brompton Oratory, is a church in Knightsbridge, London. ... Patricia Hitchcock at age 12 with her famous father. ...


In 1929, he began work on his tenth film Blackmail. While the film was in production, the studio decided to make it one of Britain's first sound pictures. With the climax of the film taking place on the dome of the British Museum, Blackmail began the Hitchcock tradition of using famous landmarks as a backdrop for suspense sequences. In the PBS series The Men Who Made The Movies, Hitchcock explained how he used early sound recording as a special element of the film, emphasizing the word "knife" in a conversation with the woman suspected of murder.[10] Blackmail (1929) was directed by Alfred Hitchcock and stars Anny Ondra, John Longden, and Cyril Ritchard, and based on the play Blackmail by Charles Bennett. ... London museum | name = British Museum | image = British Museum from NE 2. ... Not to be confused with Public Broadcasting Services in Malta. ...


In 1933, Hitchcock was once again working for Michael Balcon at Gaumont-British Picture Corporation. His first film for the company, The Man Who Knew Too Much (1934), was a success and his second, The 39 Steps (1935), is often considered one of the best films from his early period. It was also one of the first to introduce the concept of the "Macguffin", a plot device around which a whole story seems to revolve, but ultimately has nothing to do with the true meaning or ending of the story. In The 39 Steps, the Macguffin is a stolen set of blueprints. (Hitchcock told French director François Truffaut: "There are two men sitting in a train going to Scotland and one man says to the other, 'Excuse me, sir, but what is that strange parcel you have on the luggage rack above you?' 'Oh,' says the other, 'that's a Macguffin.' 'Well,' says the first man, 'what's a Macguffin?' The other answers, 'It's an apparatus for trapping lions in the Scottish Highlands.' 'But,' says the first man, 'there are no lions in the Scottish Highlands.' 'Well,' says the other, 'then that's no Macguffin.'")[11] The Man Who Knew Too Much is a 1934 suspense film directed by Alfred Hitchcock. ... The 39 Steps is a 1935 film directed by Alfred Hitchcock, based on the adventure novel The Thirty-nine Steps by John Buchan. ... This article is about the plot device. ...


His next major success was in 1938, The Lady Vanishes, a clever and fast-paced film about the search for a kindly old Englishwoman (Dame May Whitty), who disappears while on board a train in the fictional country of Vandrika (a thinly-veiled version of Nazi Germany). The Lady Vanishes is a 1938 film directed by Alfred Hitchcock. ... Dame May Whitty (June 19, 1865 - May 29, 1948) was a British theater and cinema actress. ... Nazism in history Nazi ideology Nazism and race Outside Germany Related subjects Lists Politics Portal         Nazism or National Socialism (German: Nationalsozialismus), refers primarily to the ideology and practices of the Nazi Party (National Socialist German Workers Party, German: Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei or NSDAP) under Adolf Hitler. ...


By 1938 Hitchcock had become known for his famous observation, "Actors are cattle." He once said that he first said this as early as the late 1920s, when he thought of stage actors who were snobbish about motion pictures. However, Michael Redgrave said Hitchcock made the statement during the filming of The Lady Vanishes. The phrase would haunt Hitchcock for years to come and would result in a funny incident during the filming of his 1941 production of Mr. & Mrs. Smith, when Carole Lombard brought some heifers onto the set to surprise the director.[12]


By the end of the 1930s, Hitchcock was at the top of his game artistically, and in a position to name his own terms when David O. Selznick managed to entice him to Hollywood. David O. Selznick David Oliver Selznick (May 10, 1902–June 22, 1965), was one of the icon Hollywood producers of the Golden Age. ...


Hollywood

Hitchcock's gallows humour and the suspense that became his trademark continued in his American work. However, working arrangements with his new producer were less than optimal. Selznick suffered from perennial money problems and Hitchcock was often unhappy with the amount of creative control demanded by Selznick over his films. Consequently, Selznick ended up "loaning" Hitchcock to the larger studios more often than producing Hitchcock's films himself. In addition, Selznick, as well as fellow independent producer Samuel Goldwyn, made only a few films each year, so Selznick did not always have projects for Hitchcock to direct. Remarkably, Goldwyn had also negotiated with Hitchcock on a possible contract, only to be outbid by Selznick. Hitchcock was quickly impressed with the superior resources of the American studios compared to the financial restrictions he had frequently encountered in England. Nevertheless, Hitchcock's fondness for his homeland resulted in numerous American films set in, or filmed in, the United Kingdom, right up to his next-to-last film, Frenzy. Gallows Humor is comedy that makes light of death, or other very serious matters. ... Samuel Goldwyn (July 1882 (some sources say 17 August 1882, others 1879 [1]) – 31 January 1974) was an Academy Award and Golden Globe Award-winning producer, also a well-known Hollywood motion picture producer and founding contributor of several motion picture studios. ...


With the prestigious Selznick picture Rebecca in 1940, Hitchcock made his first American movie, although it was set in England and based on a novel by English author Daphne du Maurier and starred Sir Laurence Olivier and Joan Fontaine. This Gothic melodrama explores the fears of a naïve young bride who enters a great English country home and must grapple with the problems of a distant husband, a predatory housekeeper, and the legacy of her husband's late wife, the beautiful, mysterious Rebecca. It won the Academy Award for Best Picture of 1940. However, the statuette went to Selznick as the film's producer, and the film did not win the Best Director award. There were additional problems between Selznick and Hitchcock; Selznick, as he usually did, imposed very restrictive rules upon Hitchcock, hindering his creative control. Hitchcock was forced to shoot the film as Selznick wanted, immediately creating friction within their relationship. At the same time, Selznick complained about Hitchcock's "goddam jigsaw cutting," which meant that the producer did not have nearly the leeway to create his own film as he liked, but had to follow Hitchcock's vision of the finished product.[13] The film was the third longest of Hitchcock's films at 130 minutes, exceeded only by The Paradine Case at 132 minutes and North by Northwest at 136 minutes.[14] Rebecca is an Academy Award–winning 1940 psychological thriller directed by Alfred Hitchcock as his first American project. ... Dame Daphne du Maurier DBE (13 May 1907–19 April 1989) was a famous British novelist best known for her short story The Birds and her classic novel Rebecca, published in 1938. ... Laurence Olivier, as photographed in 1939 by Carl Van Vechten Laurence Kerr Olivier, Baron Olivier, OM (May 22, 1907 – July 11, 1989) was an English actor and director, esteemed by many as the greatest actor of the 20th century. ... Joan Fontaine (born October 22, 1917) is an Academy Award-winning British American actress, who became an American citizen in April 1943. ... Strawberry Hill, an English villa in the Gothic revival style, built by seminal Gothic writer Horace Walpole The gothic novel was a literary genre that belonged to Romanticism and began in the United Kingdom with The Castle of Otranto (1764) by Horace Walpole. ... Poster for The Perils of Pauline (1914). ... Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ... // The Academy Award for Best Motion Picture is one of the Academy Awards, awards given to people working in the motion picture industry by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, which are voted on by others within the industry. ... The Academy Award for Directing is one of the awards given to people working in the motion picture industry by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences; the awards are voted on by other people within the industry. ...


Hitchcock's second American film, the European-set thriller Foreign Correspondent (originally titled Personal History), was also nominated for Best Picture that year. It was filmed in the first year of World War II and inspired by the rapidly-changing events in Europe, as covered by an American newspaper reporter portrayed by a wise-cracking Joel McCrea. The film cleverly used actual footage of European scenes and scenes filmed on a Hollywood backlot. Curiously, because of Hollywood's Production Code censorship, the film avoided direct references to Germany and Germans.[15] Foreign Correspondent is a 1940 film which tells the story of an American reporter who becomes involved in espionage in England during the onset of World War II. It stars Joel McCrea, George Sanders, Laraine Day, Herbert Marshall, Albert Bassermann and Robert Benchley. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Joel Albert McCrea, (November 5, 1905 - October 20, 1990) was an American film actor. ...


Hitchcock's work during the 1940s was diverse, ranging from the romantic comedy Mr. & Mrs. Smith (1941) and the courtroom drama The Paradine Case (1947) to the dark and disturbing Shadow of a Doubt (1943). For other uses see Mr. ... The Paradine Case was a 1947 courtroom drama movie, directed by Alfred Hitchcock, produced by David O. Selznick. ... For other uses, see Shadow of a Doubt (disambiguation). ...


Suspicion (1941) marked Hitchcock's first film as a producer as well as director. This was Cary Grant's first film with Hitchcock. Joan Fontaine won Best Actress Oscar and New York Film Critics Circle Award for her outstanding performance in Suspicion. Suspicion (1941) is a film noir directed by Alfred Hitchcock starring Cary Grant and Joan Fontaine as a married couple. ...


Saboteur (1942) was the first of two films that Hitchcock made for Universal, a studio where he would work in his later years. Hitchcock was forced to utilize Universal contract players Robert Cummings and Priscilla Lane, both known for their work in comedies and light dramas; Hitchcock made the most of the situation and got remarkably good performances from the two lead actors. Breaking with Hollywood conventions of the time, Hitchcock did extensive location filming, especially in New York City, and memorably depicted a confrontation between a suspected saboteur (Cummings) and a real saboteur (Norman Lloyd) atop the Statue of Liberty. Saboteur is a 1942 Universal film directed by Alfred Hitchcock with a screenplay written by Peter Viertel and Joan Harrison. ... This article is about the American media conglomerate. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Lane Sisters were four siblings who achieved success during the 1930s as a singing act, with their popularity leading to a series of successful films. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Norman Lloyd (born November 8, 1914) is an American veteran actor, producer and director with a career in entertainment spanning more than six decades. ... For other monuments to freedom, see Monument of Liberty. ...


Shadow of a Doubt (1943), his personal favourite of all his films and the second of the early Universal films, was about young Charlotte "Charlie" Newton (Teresa Wright), who suspects her beloved uncle Charlie Oakley (Joseph Cotten) of being a serial murderer. In its use of overlapping characters, dialogue, and closeups it has provided a generation of film theorists with psychoanalytic potential, including Jacques Lacan and Slavoj Žižek. The film also harkens back to one of Cotten's best known films, Citizen Kane. Hitchcock again filmed extensively on location, this time in the Northern California city of Santa Rosa, during the summer of 1942. The director showcased his own personal fascination with crime and criminals when he had two of his characters discuss various ways of killing people, to the obvious annoyance of Charlotte. For other uses, see Shadow of a Doubt (disambiguation). ... Wright in Shadow of a Doubt (1943) Muriel Teresa Wright (October 27, 1918 – March 6, 2005) was an Academy Award-winning American actress, known professionally as Teresa Wright. ... Joseph Cheshire Cotten (May 15, 1905–February 6, 1994) was an American stage and screen actor. ... Jacques-Marie-Émile Lacan (French IPA: ) (April 13, 1901 – September 9, 1981) was a French psychoanalyst, psychiatrist, and doctor, who made prominent contributions to the psychoanalytic movement. ... Slavoj Žižek (pronounced: ) (born 21 March 1949) is a Slovenian sociologist, postmodern philosopher, and cultural critic. ... Citizen Kane is a 1941 mystery/drama film released by RKO Pictures and directed by Orson Welles, his first feature film. ... Location in Sonoma County and the state of California Country State County Sonoma Area  - City 40. ...


Working at 20th Century Fox, Hitchcock adapted a script by John Steinbeck that dealt with the survivors of a German U-boat attack, Lifeboat (1944). Since the action was confined to the small boat, the film was clearly the most confined of Hitchcock's films. While at Fox, Hitchcock seriously considered directing the film version of A.J. Cronin's novel about a Catholic priest in China, The Keys of the Kingdom, but the plans for this fell through. John M. Stahl ended up directing the 1944 film, which was produced by Joseph L. Mankiewicz and starred Gregory Peck, among other luminaries.[16] Twentieth (20th) Century Fox Film Corporation (known from 1935 to 1985 as Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corporation) is one of the six major American film studios. ... For other members of the family, see Steinbeck (disambiguation). ... Lifeboat is a 1944 World War II war film, directed by Alfred Hitchcock from a story written by John Steinbeck. ... A. J. Cronin is the pen-name of the Scottish novelist Archibald Joseph Cronin (July 19, 1896 - January 9, 1981). ... The Keys of the Kingdom is a 1944 film which tells the story of a young priest who struggles to establish a mission in China. ... John Malcolm Stahl (January 21, 1886 – January 12, 1950) was an American film director and producer. ... Joseph Leo Mankiewicz (February 11, 1909 – February 5, 1993) was an American screenwriter, director and producer. ... Gregory Peck (April 5, 1916 – June 12, 2003) was an Academy Award-winning American film actor. ...


Returning to England for an extended visit in late 1943 and early 1944, Hitchcock filmed two short films for the Ministry of Information, Bon Voyage and Aventure Malgache. The films were made for France's free territories and were the only ones Hitchcock made in French; they feature typical Hitchcockian touches.[17] In the 1990s, the two films were shown by Turner Classic Movies and released on home video. Look up bon voyage in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Aventure Malgache is a 1944 French language propaganda short film made by Alfred Hitchcock for the British Ministry of Information. ... Turner Classic Movies (TCM) is a cable television channel featuring commercial-free classic movies, mostly from the Turner Entertainment and Warner Bros. ...


In 1945, Hitchcock served as "treatment advisor" (in effect, editor) for a Holocaust documentary produced by the British Army. The film, which recorded the liberation of Concentration Camps, remained unreleased until 1985, when it was completed by PBS Frontline and distributed under the title Memory of the Camps.[18] A concentration camp is a large detention centre created for political opponents, aliens, specific ethnic or religious groups, civilians of a critical war-zone, or other groups of people, often during a war. ... FRONTLINE is a public affairs television program of varying length produced at WGBH in Boston, Massachusetts, and distributed through the Public Broadcasting Service network in the United States. ...


Hitchcock worked again for Selznick when he directed Spellbound, which explored the then-fashionable subject of psychoanalysis and featured a dream sequence designed by Salvador Dalí. The dream sequence as it actually appears in the film is considerably shorter than was originally envisioned, which was to be several minutes long, because it proved to be too disturbing for the audience. Some of the memorable and original musical score by Miklos Rozsa was later adapted by the composer into a concert piano concerto. Spellbound is a 1945 psychological thriller and mystery film directed by Alfred Hitchcock. ... Today psychoanalysis comprises several interlocking theories concerning the functioning of the mind. ... Salvador Domingo Felipe Jacinto Dalí i Domènech, 1st Marquis of Púbol (May 11, 1904 – January 23, 1989), was a Spanish surrealist painter of Catalan descent born in Figueres, Catalonia (Spain). ... Miklós Rózsa (April 18, 1907 - July 23, 1995) was a major Hungarian-American composer, primarily known for his music for films. ...


Notorious (1946) followed Spellbound. As Selznick failed to see its potential, he allowed Hitchcock to make the film for RKO. From this point onwards, Hitchcock would produce his own films, giving him a far greater degree of freedom to pursue the projects that interested him. Notorious starred Hitchcock regulars Ingrid Bergman and Cary Grant and features a plot about Nazis, uranium, and South America. It was a huge box office success and has remained one of Hitchcock's most acclaimed films. His use of uranium as a plot device briefly led to Hitchcock's being under surveillance by the FBI. McGilligan wrote that Hitchcock consulted scientists about the development of an atomic bomb; Selznick complained that the notion was "science fiction," only to be confronted by the detonation of two atomic bombs in 1945 that led to the end of World War II.[19] Notorious is a 1946 thriller directed and produced by Alfred Hitchcock, and starring Cary Grant and Ingrid Bergman as two people whose lives become intimately entangled during an espionage operation. ... RKO could stand for: RKO Pictures The R.K.O. - finishing manoever (and initials) of WWE professional wrestler Randy Orton. ...   (pronounced in Swedish, but usually in English, IPA notation) (August 29, 1915 – August 29, 1982) was a three-time Academy Award-winning and two-time Emmy Award-winning Swedish actress. ... This article is about the British actor. ... This article is about the chemical element. ...


After completing his final film for Selznick, The Paradine Case (a promising courtroom drama that critics found lost momentum because it apparently ran too long and exhausted its resource of ideas), Hitchcock filmed his first colour film, Rope, which appeared in 1948. Here Hitchcock experimented with marshalling suspense in a confined environment, as he had done earlier with Lifeboat (1943). He also experimented with exceptionally long takes — up to ten minutes long (see Themes and devices). Featuring James Stewart in the leading role, Rope was the first of four films Stewart would make for Hitchcock. It was based on the Leopold and Loeb case of the 1920s. Somehow Hitchcock's cameraman managed to move the bulky, heavy Technicolor camera quickly around the set as it followed the continuous action of the long takes. The Paradine Case was a 1947 courtroom drama movie, directed by Alfred Hitchcock, produced by David O. Selznick. ... Rope (1948) is an Alfred Hitchcock classic film notable for its single location covered in what appeared to be just a few continuous shots. ... Lifeboat is a 1944 World War II war film, directed by Alfred Hitchcock from a story written by John Steinbeck. ... Sir Alfred Joseph Hitchcock KBE (August 13, 1899 â€“ April 29, 1980) was an iconic and highly influential British-born film director and producer who pioneered many techniques in the suspense and thriller genres. ... For other persons named James Stewart, see James Stewart (disambiguation). ... Nathan Leopold (left) and Richard Loeb (center) under arrest Nathan Freudenthal Leopold, Jr. ... Logo celebrating Technicolors 90th Anniversary Technicolor is the trademark for a series of color film processes pioneered by Technicolor Motion Picture Corporation (a subsidiary of Technicolor, Inc. ...


Under Capricorn (1949), set in nineteenth-century Australia, also used the short-lived technique of long takes, but to a more limited extent. He again used Technicolor in this production, then returned to black and white films for several years. For Rope and Under Capricorn Hitchcock formed a production company with Sidney Bernstein, called Transatlantic Pictures, which became inactive after these two unsuccessful pictures. Hitchcock continued to produce his films for the rest of his life. Under Capricorn is a 1949 film directed by Alfred Hitchcock based on a novel by Helen Simpson. ... Logo celebrating Technicolors 90th Anniversary Technicolor is the trademark for a series of color film processes pioneered by Technicolor Motion Picture Corporation (a subsidiary of Technicolor, Inc. ... Transatlantic Pictures was founded by Afred Hitchcock and long time associate, Sidney Bernstein at the ehnd of World War II. Together they planned to produce films intermittently in Hollywood and London. ...


Peak years and Knighthood

In 1950, Hitchcock filmed Stage Fright on location in the U.K. For the first time, Hitchcock matched one of Warner Brothers' biggest stars, Jane Wyman, with the sultry German actress Marlene Dietrich, whose daughter later wrote that Dietrich detested Wyman, although Wyman had just won the Best Actress Oscar for Johnny Belinda. Hitchcock may have exploited the offscreen animosity between Wyman and Dietrich in this offbeat, behind-the-scenes glimpse of London theatrical personalities, one of whom commits a murder. Hitchcock utilized a number of prominent British actors, including Michael Wilding, Richard Todd, and Alastair Sim. This was Hitchcock's first production for Warner Brothers, which had distributed Rope and Under Capricorn, because Transatlantic Pictures was experiencing financial difficulties.[20] For other uses, see Stage fright (disambiguation). ... Jane Wyman (January 5, 1917[1]– September 10, 2007) was an Oscar, Golden Globe-winning and Emmy-nominated American actress. ... Marlene Dietrich IPA: ; (December 27, 1901 – May 6, 1992) was a German-born American actress, singer, and entertainer. ... Johnny Belinda is a 1948 film which tells the story of a deaf mute woman who is raped, becomes pregnant, and then is ruled unfit to care for the child. ... Michael Wilding could refer to one of two well-known people: Michael Wilding the actor. ... For Richard Todd the football player, see Richard Todd (football player) Richard Todd (born June 11, 1919) is a British actor. ... Alastair Sim in Scrooge (1951) (aka A Christmas Carol) Alastair Sim, CBE (October 9, 1900 – August 19, 1976) was a Scottish character actor, whose comic appearance ensured him success in a string of classic British films. ... Warner Bros. ...


With Strangers on a Train (1951), based on the novel by Patricia Highsmith, Hitchcock combined many of the best elements from his preceding British and American films. Two men casually meet and speculate on removing people who are causing them difficulty. One of the men, though, takes this banter entirely seriously. With Farley Granger reprising some elements of his role from Rope, Strangers continued the director's interest in the narrative possibilities of blackmail and murder. Strangers on a Train is a film released in 1951 by Warner Bros. ... 1962 publicity photo of Patricia Highsmith Patricia Highsmith (January 19, 1921 - February 4, 1995) was an American novelist who is known mainly for her psychological thrillers which have led to more than two dozen film adaptations. ... Actor Farley Granger Farley Granger (born July 1, 1925) is an American actor. ...


MCA head Lew Wasserman, whose client list included James Stewart, Janet Leigh, and other actors who would appear in Hitchcock's films, had a significant impact in packaging and marketing Hitchcock's films beginning in the 1950s. With Wasserman's help, Hitchcock received tremendous creative freedom from the studios, as well as substantive financial rewards as a result of Paramount's profit-sharing contract. The Music Corporation of America was a United States based corporation in the music business. ... Lew Wasserman (March 15, 1913 - June 3, 2002) was a Hollywood agent and studio executive credited with first creating and then taking apart the studio system in a career spanning more than six decades. ... For other persons named James Stewart, see James Stewart (disambiguation). ... Janet Leigh (July 6, 1927 – October 3, 2004), born Jeanette Helen Morrison, was an American actress. ...


Three very popular films starring Grace Kelly followed. Dial M for Murder (1954) was adapted from the popular stage play by Frederick Knott. This was originally another experimental film, with Hitchcock using the technique of 3D cinematography, although the film was not released in this format at first; it did receive screenings in the early 1980s in 3D form. The film also marked a return to Technicolor productions for Hitchcock. Hitchcock moved to Paramount Pictures and filmed Rear Window, starring James Stewart and Kelly again, as well as Thelma Ritter and Raymond Burr. Here, the wheelchair-bound Stewart observes the movements of his neighbours across the courtyard and becomes convinced one of them has murdered his wife. Like Lifeboat and Rope, the movie was photographed almost entirely within the confines of a small space: Stewart's tiny studio apartment overlooking the massive courtyard set. To Catch a Thief, set in the French Riviera, starred Kelly and Cary Grant. For the Mika song, see Grace Kelly (song). ... Dial M for Murder is a 1954 Warner Brothers film directed by Alfred Hitchcock starring Grace Kelly and Ray Milland as a married couple. ... Frederick Knott, (Frederick Major Paull Knott) was born in Hankow, China on August 28th 1916 and died on December 17th 2002 in New York City. ... In film, the term 3-D (or 3D) is used to describe any visual presentation system that attempts to maintain or recreate moving images of the third dimension, the illusion of depth as seen by the viewer. ... Logo celebrating Technicolors 90th Anniversary Technicolor is the trademark for a series of color film processes pioneered by Technicolor Motion Picture Corporation (a subsidiary of Technicolor, Inc. ... Paramount Pictures Corporation is an American motion picture production and distribution company, based in Hollywood, California. ... For the 1998 remake, see Rear Window (1998 film). ... Ṝ Thelma Ritter (February 14, 1902 – February 5, 1969) was a six time Academy Award-nominated American character actress of the 1940s, 1950s and 1960s. ... Raymond William Stacey Burr (May 21, 1917 – September 12, 1993) was an Emmy-nominated actor and vintner, perhaps best known for his roles in the television dramas Perry Mason and Ironside. ... Lifeboat is a 1944 World War II war film, directed by Alfred Hitchcock from a story written by John Steinbeck. ... Rope (1948) is an Alfred Hitchcock classic film notable for its single location covered in what appeared to be just a few continuous shots. ... To Catch a Thief is a 1955 film directed by Alfred Hitchcock, starring Cary Grant, Grace Kelly, Jessie Royce Landis and John Williams. ... This article is about the British actor. ...


A remake of his own 1934 film The Man Who Knew Too Much followed, this time with James Stewart and Doris Day, who sang the theme song, "Whatever Will Be, Will Be (Que Sera, Sera)" (which became a big hit for Day and won an Oscar). The Man Who Knew Too Much is a 1956 suspense film directed by Alfred Hitchcock, starring James Stewart and Doris Day. ... Doris Mary Ann von Kappelhoff (born April 3, 1924)[1] is an American singer, actress, and animal welfare advocate known as Doris Day. ... Whatever Will Be (Que Sera, Sera) (also transposed as Que Sera, Sera (Whatever Will Be, Will Be)) is a popular song, with music by Jay Livingston and lyrics by Ray Evans. ...


The Wrong Man (1957), Hitchcock's final film for Warner Brothers, was a low-key black and white production based on a real-life case of mistaken identity. This was the only film of Hitchcock's to star Henry Fonda. The Wrong Man is a 1956 film by Alfred Hitchcock which stars Henry Fonda and Vera Miles. ... Henry Jaynes Fonda (May 16, 1905 – August 12, 1982) was a highly acclaimed Academy Award-winning American film and stage actor, best known for his roles as plain-speaking idealists. ...


Vertigo (1958) again starred Stewart, this time with Kim Novak and Barbara Bel Geddes. The film was a commercial failure, but has come to be viewed by many as one of Hitchcock's masterpieces; it is now placed highly in the Sight & Sound decade polls. It was premiered in the San Sebastian International Film Festival, where Hitchcock won a Silver Seashell. For other uses of the word, see Vertigo. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Sight and Sound is a British monthly magazine about film. ... The San Sebastian International Film Festival was founded in 1953 in San Sebastian, Spain. ...


Hitchcock followed Vertigo with three more successful pictures. All are also recognized as among his very best films: North by Northwest (1959), Psycho (1960), and The Birds (1963). The latter two were particularly notable for their unconventional soundtracks, both by Bernard Herrmann: the screeching strings in the murder scene in Psycho pushed the limits of the time, and The Birds dispensed completely with conventional instruments, using an electronically produced soundtrack and an unaccompanied song by school children (just prior the infamous attack at the historic Bodega Bay School). These are widely considered his last great films, after which his career slowly wound down (although some critics such as Robin Wood and Donald Spoto contend that Marnie, from 1964, is first-class Hitchcock, and some have argued that Frenzy is unfairly overlooked). North by Northwest (1959) is a comic thriller by Alfred Hitchcock produced at MGM. It was premiered in the San Sebastian International Film Festival. ... Psycho is a 1960 suspense/horror film directed by auteur Alfred Hitchcock from the screenplay by Joseph Stefano about a psychotic killer. ... The Birds is a 1963 horror film by Alfred Hitchcock, loosely based on the short story The Birds by Daphne du Maurier. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Marnie is a 1964 psychological thriller directed by Alfred Hitchcock and based on the novel Marnie by Winston Graham. ... For other uses, see Frenzy (disambiguation). ...


Later Work

Failing health also reduced his output over the last two decades of his life. He filmed two spy thrillers, Torn Curtain with Paul Newman and Julie Andrews and Topaz (based on a Leon Uris novel), which both received mixed reviews. In 1972, Hitchcock returned to London to film Frenzy, his last major success. For the first time, Hitchcock allowed nudity and profane language, which had before been taboo, in one of his films. Biographers have noted that Hitchcock had always pushed the limits of film censorship, often managing to fool Joseph Breen, the longtime head of Hollywood's Production Code. Many times Hitchcock slipped in subtle hints of improprieties forbidden by censorship until the mid-1960s. Yet Patrick McGilligan wrote that Breen and others often realized that Hitchcock was inserting such things and were actually amused as well as alarmed by Hitchcock's "inescapable inferences."[21] Beginning with Torn Curtain, Hitchcock was finally able to blatantly include plot elements previously forbidden in American films and this continued for the rest of his life. Torn Curtain DVD cover Torn Curtain is a 1966 thriller film directed by Alfred Hitchcock, featuring his trademark characters and camera techniques. ... This article is about the American actor and race team owner. ... Dame Julie Elizabeth Andrews, DBE (born Julia Elizabeth Wells[1] on 1 October 1935[2]) is an award-winning English actress, singer, author and cultural icon. ... This article is about the mineral or gemstone. ... Leon Uris (August 3, 1924 - June 21, 2003) was an American novelist, known for his historical fiction and the deep research that went into his novels. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... For other uses, see Frenzy (disambiguation). ... Joseph Breen (born July 5, 1958) is an American soap opera actor. ...


Family Plot (1976) was his last film. It related the escapades of "Madam" Blanche Tyler played by Barbara Harris, a fraudulent spiritualist, and her taxi driver lover Bruce Dern making a living from her phony powers. William Devane, Karen Black and Cathleen Nesbitt co-starred. It was the only Hitchcock film scored by John Williams. Family Plot is a 1976 Universal motion picture directed by Alfred Hitchcock and starring Karen Black, Bruce Dern, Barbara Harris and William Devane, with Cathleen Nesbitt. ... Barbara Harris (born July 25, 1935) is the American Tony Award-winning Broadway stage star and Academy Award-nominated motion picture actress. ... ‹ The template below is being considered for deletion. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Karen Black (born July 1, 1939) is an Academy Award-nominated American actress, screenwriter, singer and songwriter. ... Cathleen Nesbitt, CBE, born on (November 24, 1888 – and died on August 2, 1982) was an British actress of Welsh and Irish extraction. ... For other persons named John Williams, see John Williams (disambiguation). ...


Near the end of his life, Hitchcock worked on the script for a projected spy thriller, The Short Night, with screenwriters James Costigan and Ernest Lehman. Despite some preliminary work, the story was never filmed, primarily due to Hitchcock's failing health and his concerns over his wife Alma's health, after she suffered a stroke. The script was eventually published posthumously, in a book on Hitchcock's last years.[22] [23] Ernest Lehman (born December 8, 1915 in New York City - died July 2, 2005 in Los Angeles, California) was a successful screenwriter in Hollywood. ...


Hitchcock was made an Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire by Queen Elizabeth II in the 1980 New Year's Honours. He died just four months later, on April 29, before he had the opportunity to be formally invested by the Queen. Despite the brief period between his knighthood and death, he was nevertheless entitled to be known as Sir Alfred Hitchcock and to use the postnominal letters "KBE", because he remained a British subject when he adopted American citizenship in 1956. The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is a British order of chivalry established on 4 June 1917 by King George V. The Order includes five classes in civil and military divisions; in decreasing order of seniority, these are Knight Grand Cross or Dame Grand Cross (GBE) Knight Commander... Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of sixteen sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally. ... The British honours system is a means of rewarding individuals personal bravery, achievement, or service to the United Kingdom. ... is the 119th day of the year (120th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Death

Alfred Hitchcock died from renal failure in his Bel-Air, Los Angeles home, aged 80. His wife Alma Reville, and their daughter, Patricia Hitchcock O'Connell, both survived him. A funeral service was held at Good Shepherd Catholic Church in Beverly Hills. His body was cremated and the ashes scattered over the Pacific. [24] Renal failure or kidney failure is a situation in which the kidneys fail to function adequately. ... Bel Air is the name of several places in the United States of America: Bel Air, Alabama Bel Air, Los Angeles, California Bel Air, Kentucky Bel Air, Maryland Bel Air, Tennessee Bel Air, Texas Bel Air, Virginia (two places): in Fairfax County in Stafford County Outside America: Bel Air, Mauritius... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... Alma Reville (August 14, 1899 – July 6, 1982 in Bel-Air, Los Angeles, California) was an actress, assistant director and the wife of Alfred Hitchcock, whom she met while working as an assistant director on one of his first films. ... Patricia Hitchcock at age 12 with her famous father. ... Pacific redirects here. ...


Themes and devices

Suspense

Hitchcock preferred the use of suspense over surprise in his films. In surprise, the director assaults the viewer with frightening things. In suspense, the director tells or shows things to the audience which the characters in the film do not know, and then artfully builds tension around what will happen when the characters finally learn the truth.


Audience as voyeur

Further blurring the moral distinction between the innocent and the guilty, occasionally making this indictment inescapably clear to viewers one and all, Hitchcock also makes voyeurs of his "respectable" audience. In Rear Window (1954), after L. B. Jeffries (played by James Stewart) has been staring across the courtyard at him for most of the film, Lars Thorwald (played by Raymond Burr) confronts Jeffries by saying, "What do you want of me?" Burr might as well have been addressing the audience. In fact, shortly before asking this, Thorwald turns to face the camera directly for the first time — at this point, audiences often gasp. The year 1954 in film involved some significant events. ... Raymond William Stacey Burr (May 21, 1917 – September 12, 1993) was an Emmy-nominated actor and vintner, perhaps best known for his roles in the television dramas Perry Mason and Ironside. ...


Similarly, Psycho begins with the camera moving toward a hotel-room window, through which the audience is introduced to Marion Crane (Janet Leigh) and her divorced boyfriend Sam Loomis (John Gavin). They are partially undressed, having apparently had sex though they are not married and Marion is on her lunch "hour." Later, along with Norman Bates (Anthony Perkins), we watch Marion undress through a peephole.


MacGuffin

One of Hitchcock's favourite devices for driving the plots of his stories and creating suspense was what he called the "MacGuffin." The Oxford English Dictionary, however, credits Hitchcock's friend, the Scottish screenwriter Angus MacPhail, as being the true inventor of the term. Hitchcock defined this term in a 1964 interview conducted by François Truffaut, published as Hitchcock/Truffaut (Simon and Schuster, 1967). Hitchcock would use this plot device extensively. Many of his suspense films revolve around this device: a detail which, by inciting curiosity and desire, drives the plot and motivates the actions of characters within the story, but whose specific identity and nature is unimportant to the spectator of the film. In Vertigo, for instance, "Carlotta Valdes" is a MacGuffin; she never appears and the details of her death are unimportant to the viewer, but the story about her ghost's haunting of Madeleine Elster is the spur for Scottie's investigation of her, and hence the film's entire plot. In Notorious, the uranium that the main characters must recover before it reaches Nazi hands serves as a similarly arbitrary motivation: any dangerous object would suffice. And state secrets of various kinds serve as MacGuffins in several of the spy films, especially his earlier British films The Man Who Knew Too Much, The 39 Steps, and The Lady Vanishes. In Psycho, what might be mistaken for a red herring at the beginning of the film (a package containing $40,000 in stolen money) is actually a MacGuffin. This article is about the plot device. ... The Oxford English Dictionary print set The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) is a dictionary published by the Oxford University Press (OUP), and is the most successful dictionary of the English language, (not to be confused with the one-volume Oxford Dictionary of English, formerly New Oxford Dictionary of English, of... Angus MacPhail (born 8 April 1903 in London - 22 April 1962) was an English screenwriter active from the late 1920s who is known for his work with Alfred Hitchcock. ... François Roland Truffaut (French IPA: ) (February 6, 1932 – October 21, 1984) was one of the founders of the French New Wave in filmmaking, and remains an icon of the French film industry. ... For other uses of the word, see Vertigo. ... This article is about the plot device. ... Notorious is a 1946 thriller directed and produced by Alfred Hitchcock, and starring Cary Grant and Ingrid Bergman as two people whose lives become intimately entangled during an espionage operation. ... The Man Who Knew Too Much is a 1934 suspense film directed by Alfred Hitchcock. ... The 39 Steps is a 1935 film directed by Alfred Hitchcock, based on the adventure novel The Thirty-nine Steps by John Buchan. ... The Lady Vanishes is a 1938 film directed by Alfred Hitchcock. ... Psycho is a 1960 suspense/horror film directed by auteur Alfred Hitchcock from the screenplay by Joseph Stefano about a psychotic killer. ... This article is about the plot device. ...


Signature appearances in his films

Many of Hitchcock's films contain cameo appearances by Hitchcock himself: the director would be seen for a brief moment boarding a bus, crossing in front of a building, standing in an apartment across the courtyard, or appearing in a photograph. This playful gesture became one of Hitchcock's signatures. As a recurring theme he would carry a musical instrument — especially memorable was the large double bass case that he wrestles onto the train at the beginning of Strangers on a Train. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with List of Alfred Hitchcock cameo appearances. ... Since its first use in 1851, a cameo role or cameo appearance has been a brief appearance in a play (or later, a movie) that stands out against the general context for its éclat or dramatic punch. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with List of Hitchcock cameo appearances. ... Strangers on a Train is a thriller novel by Patricia Highsmith, author of The Talented Mr. ...


In his earliest appearances he would fill in as an obscure extra, standing in a crowd or walking through a scene in a long camera shot (e.g. in his 1927 film The Lodger). But he became more prominent in his later appearances, as when he turns to see Jane Wyman's disguise when she passes him on the street in Stage Fright, and in stark silhouette in his final film Family Plot (1976). The Lodger: A Story of the London Fog often just called The Lodger was a 1927 silent film directed by Alfred Hitchcock. ... Jane Wyman (January 5, 1917[1]– September 10, 2007) was an Oscar, Golden Globe-winning and Emmy-nominated American actress. ... Stage Fright DVD cover Stage Fright is a 1950 Warner Bros. ... Family Plot is a 1976 Universal motion picture directed by Alfred Hitchcock and starring Karen Black, Bruce Dern, Barbara Harris and William Devane, with Cathleen Nesbitt. ...


Motifs

Numerous motifs (recurring objects or stylistic choices) can be found throughout Hitchcock's work. Image File history File links Ambox_emblem_question. ... In literature, a motif is a recurring element or theme that has symbolic significance in the story. ...

  • Ordinary Person - Placing an ordinary person into extraordinary circumstances is a common element of Hitchcock's films. In The Man Who Knew Too Much (1956), James Stewart plays an ordinary man from Indianapolis vacationing in Morocco when his son is kidnapped. In The Wrong Man, Henry Fonda is arrested for a crime he didn't commit. In Psycho, Janet Leigh is an unremarkable secretary whose personal story is violently interrupted by a furious schizophrenic. Other clear examples are Strangers on a Train, I Confess, Vertigo, and North By Northwest.
  • Wrong Man - Mistaken identity is a common plot device in his films. In North By Northwest, Roger Thornhill (Cary Grant) is mistaken for George Kaplan, a non-existent CIA agent. In The Wrong Man, Henry Fonda is mistaken for a criminal. The plot of Vertigo revolves around James Stewart's investigation of Kim Novak's actual identity. In both versions of Man Who Knew Too Much the lead character is mistaken for a spy.
  • Likeable Criminal - The "villain" in many of Hitchcock's films is charming and refined rather than grotesque and vulgar. Especially clear examples of this tendency are Claude Rains in Notorious, Joseph Cotten in Shadow of a Doubt, and James Mason in North by Northwest. In Psycho, Marian Crane (Janet Leigh) steals from her employer and runs away to be with her boyfriend, thus making her a criminal as a thief and immoral for having pre-marital sex. However we are sympathetic for her as she has just decided to return the money when she is brutally murdered. In Marnie, the title character ('Tippi' Hedren) is a serial thief of significant cunning and planning. We identify with her anxiety when her disposing of an incriminating locker key gets stuck in a drain.
  • Stairways - Images of stairs often play a central role in Hitchcock's films. The Lodger tracks a suspected serial killer's movement on a staircase. Years later, a similar shot appears in the final sequence of Notorious. In Psycho, several staircases are featured prominently: as part of the path up to the Bates mansion, as the entrance to the fruit cellar, and as the site of Martin Balsam's murder. In Rear Window, an entirely nonfunctional staircase adorns James Stewart's apartment, in addition to the numerous fire escape staircases seen each time we follow Stewart's gaze out of his window. In Shadow of a Doubt, Joseph Cotten attempts to murder his niece by rigging a staircase to collapse. This is attributed to the influence of German Expressionism, which often featured heavily stylized and menacing staircases (cf. The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari). In Dial M for Murder , a key kept under the stair carpet plays a pivotal role in booking the murderer. Frenzy features an unusual shot which tracks the killer and his victim first up the stairs, then retreats backwards down the stairs alone while the audience is left to imagine the killing which is taking place.
  • Mothers - Mothers are frequently depicted as intrusive and domineering, as seen in Rope, Notorious, Strangers on a Train, North by Northwest, Psycho, and The Birds.
  • Brandy - Hitchcock includes the consumption of brandy in at least five films. "I'll get you some brandy. Drink this down. Just like medicine ..." says James Stewart to Kim Novak in Vertigo. In a real-life incident, Hitchcock dared Montgomery Clift at a dinner party around the filming of I Confess (1953) to swallow a carafe of brandy, which caused the actor to pass out almost immediately. In Torn Curtain and Topaz, brandy is defined more closely as cognac. This element is also present in Dial M for Murder where the main characters of the film consume brandy throughout the entire film. Tippi Hedren (Melanie Daniels) is offered a brandy by Suzanne Pleshette, and after being attacked by the birds, drinks the brandy offered by Mitch (Rod Taylor). In Rear Window, Lisa Fremont (Grace Kelly) is "just warming some brandy."
  • Sexuality - For their time, Hitchcock's films were regarded as rather sexualized, often dealing with perverse and taboo behaviors. Sometimes, the prudish conventions of his era caused him to convey sexuality in an emblematic fashion, such as in North by Northwest, when the film cuts abruptly from two aroused but visually chaste lovers to a train entering a tunnel. Hitchcock found a number of ways to convey sexuality without depicting graphic behaviors, such as the substitution of explicit sexual passion with the passionate consumption of food. In a particularly amusing scene in Psycho, Anthony Perkins is carrying on a conversation with Janet Leigh while one of his hands strokes a dead animal and the other hand lingers in his crotch. Sexual feelings are often strongly associated with violent behavior. In The Lodger and Psycho, this association is the whole basis of the film. Biographers have noted how Hitchcock continued to challenge film censorship throughout his career, until he was allowed to show nudity in Frenzy. His last film, Family Plot, was curiously more subdued than many of his earlier films.
  • Voyeurism - Another aspect of Hitchcock's enthusiasm for perversion is the prominence of voyeurism in many films, including Vertigo, Rear Window, and Psycho. Many critics have suggested that voyeurism may be a useful metaphor with which to explain Hitchcock's approach to film narrative. (see above section)
  • Crime - With only a few exceptions, crime is the foundation for all Hitchcock stories, with some exceptions, such as The Birds.
  • Blonde Women - Hitchcock had a dramatic preference for blonde women, stating that the audience would be more suspicious of a brunette. Many of these blondes were of the Kim Novak/Grace Kelly variety: perfect and aloof. In Vertigo James Stewart forces a woman to dye her hair blonde. The Lodger, one of Hitchcock's earliest films, features a serial killer who stalks blonde women. Hitchcock said he used blonde actresses in his films, not because of an attraction to them, but because of a tradition that began with Mary Pickford. The director said that blondes were "a symbol of the heroine." He also thought they photographed better in black and white, which was the predominant film for most dramas for many years.[25]
  • Silent Scenes - As a former silent film director, Hitchcock strongly preferred to convey narrative with images rather than dialogue. Hitchcock viewed film as a primarily visual medium in which the director's assemblage of images must convey the narrative. Examples of imagery over dialogue are in the lengthy sequence in Vertigo in which Jimmy Stewart is silently following Kim Novak, or the Albert Hall sequence in the 1956 version of The Man Who Knew Too Much.
  • Numbers - Hitchcock often placed numbers that add up to 13 in his movies. Two specific examples are found in Psycho (1960). The license plate of the car that Norman is driving that ends up in the swamp equals 13. The sign outside the dealership where Marion purchases a car also adds up to 13.

Psycho is a 1960 suspense/horror film directed by auteur Alfred Hitchcock from the screenplay by Joseph Stefano about a psychotic killer. ... Marnie is a 1964 psychological thriller directed by Alfred Hitchcock and based on the novel Marnie by Winston Graham. ... Notorious is a 1946 thriller directed and produced by Alfred Hitchcock, and starring Cary Grant and Ingrid Bergman as two people whose lives become intimately entangled during an espionage operation. ... Psycho is a 1960 suspense/horror film directed by auteur Alfred Hitchcock from the screenplay by Joseph Stefano about a psychotic killer. ... For the 1998 remake, see Rear Window (1998 film). ... For other uses, see Shadow of a Doubt (disambiguation). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari (original title: Das Kabinett des Doktor Caligari) is a groundbreaking 1920 silent film directed by Robert Wiene from a screenplay written by Hans Janowitz and Carl Mayer. ... For other uses, see Frenzy (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Brandy (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Edward Montgomery Clift (October 17, 1920 - July 23, 1966) was an American Academy Award-nominated actor known by the stage name of Montgomery Clift. ... I Confess is a 1953 film directed by Alfred Hitchcock starring Montgomery Clift as Fr. ... Torn Curtain DVD cover Torn Curtain is a 1966 thriller film directed by Alfred Hitchcock, featuring his trademark characters and camera techniques. ... Topaz, director Alfred Hitchcocks 51st movie, filmed between 1968 and 1969, was adapted from the book Topaz (ISBN 0-553-23547-8) by Leon Uris. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... Dial M for Murder is a 1954 Warner Brothers film directed by Alfred Hitchcock starring Grace Kelly and Ray Milland as a married couple. ... “Voyeur” redirects here. ... Mary Pickford (April 8, 1892 – May 29, 1979) was an Oscar-winning Canadian motion picture star and co-founder of United Artists in 1919. ... Albert P. Hall (born November 10, 1937 in Boothton, Alabama) is an African-American actor. ...

Cinematic experimentation

Hitchcock seemed to delight in the technical challenges of filmmaking. In Lifeboat, Hitchcock sets the entire action of the movie in a small boat, yet manages to keep the cinematography from monotonous repetition. His trademark cameo appearance was a dilemma, given the limitations of the setting; so Hitchcock appeared on camera in a fictitious newspaper ad for a weight loss product. In Spellbound two unprecedented point-of-view shots were achieved by constructing a large wooden hand (which would appear to belong to the character whose point of view the camera took) and outsized props for it to hold: a bucket-sized glass of milk and a large wooden gun. For added novelty and impact, the climactic gunshot was hand-coloured red on some copies of the black-and-white print of the film. Rope (1948) was another technical challenge: a film that appears to have been shot entirely in a single take. The film was actually shot in 10 takes of ranging from four and half to 10 minutes each, 10 minutes being the maximum amount of film that would fit in a single camera reel; some transitions between reels were hidden by having a dark object fill the entire screen for a moment. Hitchcock used those points to hide the cut, and began the next take with the camera in the same place. Lifeboat is a 1944 World War II war film, directed by Alfred Hitchcock from a story written by John Steinbeck. ... Spellbound is a 1945 psychological thriller and mystery film directed by Alfred Hitchcock. ... Rope (1948) is an Alfred Hitchcock classic film notable for its single location covered in what appeared to be just a few continuous shots. ...


His 1958 film Vertigo contains a camera trick that has been imitated and re-used so many times by filmmakers, it has become known as the Hitchcock zoom. A Hitchcock zoom of a sculpture and its surroundings The Hitchcock zoom, also known as the contra-zoom, the Vertigo effect, a trombone shot, forward zoom, reverse tracking, or zoom in/dolly out, is an unsettling in-camera special effect that appears to undermine normal visual perception in a way...


Character and its effects on his films

Hitchcock's films sometimes feature characters struggling in their relationships with their mothers. In North by Northwest (1959), Roger Thornhill (Cary Grant's character) is an innocent man ridiculed by his mother for insisting that shadowy, murderous men are after him (in this case, they are). In The Birds (1963), the Rod Taylor character, an innocent man, finds his world under attack by vicious birds, and struggles to free himself of a clinging mother (Jessica Tandy). The killer in Frenzy (1972) has a loathing of women but idolizes his mother. The villain Bruno in Strangers on a Train hates his father, but has an incredibly close relationship with his mother (played by Marion Lorne). Sebastian (Claude Rains) in Notorious has a clearly conflictual relationship with his mother, who is (correctly) suspicious of his new bride Alicia Huberman (Ingrid Bergman). And, of course, Norman Bates' troubles with his mother in Psycho are infamous. North by Northwest (1959) is a comic thriller by Alfred Hitchcock produced at MGM. It was premiered in the San Sebastian International Film Festival. ... This article is about the British actor. ... The Birds is a 1963 horror film by Alfred Hitchcock, loosely based on the short story The Birds by Daphne du Maurier. ... Rod Taylor (born Rodney Sturt Taylor on January 11, 1930) is an Australian-born film and television actor. ... Jessie Alice Tandy (June 7, 1909 – September 11, 1994) was a noted Academy Award-winning English/American theatre, film and TV actress. ... For other uses, see Frenzy (disambiguation). ... Marion Lorne Marion Lorne (née Marion McDougal), was an American actress born in August 12, 1883, 1886 or 1888 (sources vary) at West Pittston, a small mining town that was situated half way between Wilkes-Barre and Scranton, Pennsylvania, of British immigrant parents. ... Claude Rains (November 10, 1889 – May 30, 1967) was a British-born theatre and film actor, who later held American citizenship, best known for his many roles in Hollywood films. ... Notorious is a 1946 thriller directed and produced by Alfred Hitchcock, and starring Cary Grant and Ingrid Bergman as two people whose lives become intimately entangled during an espionage operation. ...   (pronounced in Swedish, but usually in English, IPA notation) (August 29, 1915 – August 29, 1982) was a three-time Academy Award-winning and two-time Emmy Award-winning Swedish actress. ... Psycho is a 1960 suspense/horror film directed by auteur Alfred Hitchcock from the screenplay by Joseph Stefano about a psychotic killer. ...


Hitchcock heroines tend to be lovely, cool blondes who seem proper at first but, when aroused by passion or danger, respond in a more sensual, animal, or even criminal way. As noted, the famous victims in The Lodger are all blondes. In The 39 Steps, Hitchcock's glamorous blonde star, Madeleine Carroll, is put in handcuffs. In Marnie (1964), the title character (played by Tippi Hedren) is a kleptomaniac. In To Catch a Thief (1955), Francie (Grace Kelly) offers to help a man she believes is a cat burglar. In Rear Window, Lisa (Grace Kelly again) risks her life by breaking into Lars Thorwald's apartment. And, most notoriously, in Psycho, Janet Leigh's unfortunate character steals $40,000 and is murdered by a reclusive lunatic. Hitchcock's last blonde heroine was - years after Dany Robin and her "daughter" Claude Jade in Topaz - Barbara Harris as a phony psychic turned amateur sleuth in his final film, 1976's Family Plot. In the same film, the diamond smuggler played by Karen Black could also fit that role, as she wears a long blonde wig in various scenes and becomes increasingly uncomfortable about her line of work. The 39 Steps is a 1935 film directed by Alfred Hitchcock, based on the adventure novel The Thirty-nine Steps by John Buchan. ... Madeleine Carroll (February 26, 1906 - October 2, 1987) was a British actress, who was popular in the 1930s and 1940s. ... Marnie is a 1964 psychological thriller directed by Alfred Hitchcock and based on the novel Marnie by Winston Graham. ... Nathalie Kay Tippi Hedren (born January 19, 1930)[1] is an American actress with a career spanning six decades. ... Kleptomania (Greek: κλέπτειν, kleptein, to steal, μανία, mania) is an inability or great difficulty in resisting impulses of stealing. ... To Catch a Thief is a 1955 film directed by Alfred Hitchcock, starring Cary Grant, Grace Kelly, Jessie Royce Landis and John Williams. ... For the Mika song, see Grace Kelly (song). ... For the 1998 remake, see Rear Window (1998 film). ... Look up psycho in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Janet Leigh (July 6, 1927 – October 3, 2004), born Jeanette Helen Morrison, was an American actress. ... Dany Robin (1927 - 1997) was a French actress that was married to fellow actor Georges Marchal. ... Claude Jade Claude Jade (born Claude Marcelle Jorré on 8 October 1948 - 1 December 2006) was a celebrated French actress, best known by starring in François Truffauts films Baisers volés, Domicile conjugal and Lamour en fuite. ... Topaz DVD cover Topaz, director Alfred Hitchcocks 51st movie, filmed between 1968 and 1969, was adapted from a book by Leon Uris. ... Barbara Harris (born July 25, 1935) is the American Tony Award-winning Broadway stage star and Academy Award-nominated motion picture actress. ... Family Plot is a 1976 Universal motion picture directed by Alfred Hitchcock and starring Karen Black, Bruce Dern, Barbara Harris and William Devane, with Cathleen Nesbitt. ... Karen Black (born July 1, 1939) is an Academy Award-nominated American actress, screenwriter, singer and songwriter. ...


Hitchcock saw that reliance on actors and actresses was a holdover from the theater tradition. He was a pioneer in using camera movement, camera set ups and montage to explore the outer reaches of cinematic art.


Most critics and Hitchcock scholars, including Donald Spoto and Roger Ebert, agree that Vertigo represents the director's most personal and revealing film, dealing with the obsessions of a man who crafts a woman into the woman he desires. Vertigo explores more frankly and at greater length his interest in the relation between sex and death than any other film in his filmography. For other uses of the word, see Vertigo. ...


Hitchcock often said that his personal favourite was Shadow of a Doubt. For other uses, see Shadow of a Doubt (disambiguation). ...


Style of working

Hitchcock once commented, "The writer and I plan out the entire script down to the smallest detail, and when we're finished all that's left to do is to shoot the film. Actually, it's only when one enters the studio that one enters the area of compromise. Really, the novelist has the best casting since he doesn't have to cope with the actors and all the rest."


Hitchcock would storyboard each movie down to the finest detail. He was reported to have never even bothered looking through the viewfinder, since he didn't need to do so, though in publicity photos he was shown doing so. He also used this as an excuse to never have to change his films from his initial vision. If a studio asked him to change a film, he would claim that it was already shot in a single way, and that there were no alternate takes to consider. However, respected film critic Bill Krohn in his book Hitchcock At Work has questioned the popular notion of Hitchcock's reliance on storyboards. In his book, Krohn after researching script revisions of Hitchcock's most popular works, concludes that Hitchcock's reliance on storyboards has been exaggerated and argues that Hitchcock only storyboarded a few sequences and not each and every scene as most think. He also notes that this myth was largely perpetuated by Hitchcock himself.


Similarly much of Hitchcock's hatred of actors has been exaggerated. Hitchcock simply did not tolerate the method approach as he believed that actors should only concentrate on their performances and leave work on script and character to the directors and screenwriters. In a Sight and Sound interview, he stated that, ' the method actor is OK in the theatre because he has a free space to move about. But when it comes to cutting the face and what he sees and so forth, there must be some discipline' (see [3]). During the making of Lifeboat, Walter Slezak, who played the German character, stated that Hitchcock knew the mechanics of acting better than anyone he knew. Several critics have observed that despite his reputation as a man who disliked actors, several actors who worked with him gave fine, often brilliant performances and these performances contribute to the film's success. Method acting is an acting technique in which actors try to replicate real life emotional conditions under which the character operates, in an effort to create a life-like, realistic performance. ... Sight and Sound is a British monthly magazine about film. ... Actor Walter Slezak in Born to Kill (1947) Walter Slezak (May 3, 1902 - April 21, 1983) was an Austrian actor and son of famed opera star (Leo Slezak). ...


Regarding Hitchcock's sometimes less than pleasant relationship with actors, there was a persistent rumor that he had said that actors were cattle. Hitchcock later denied this, typically tongue-in-cheek, clarifying that he had only said that actors should be treated like cattle. Carole Lombard, tweaking Hitchcock and drumming up a little publicity, brought some cows along with her when she reported to the set of Mr. and Mrs. Smith. For Hitchcock, the actors, like the props, were part of the film's setting. Sarcasm is the making of remarks intended to mock the person referred to (who is normally the person addressed), a situation or thing. ... Carole Lombard (October 6, 1908 – January 16, 1942) was an American actress. ... For other uses see Mr. ...


The first book devoted to the director is simply named Hitchcock. It is a document of a one-week interview by François Truffaut in 1967. (ISBN 0-671-60429-5) François Roland Truffaut (French IPA: ) (February 6, 1932 – October 21, 1984) was one of the founders of the French New Wave in filmmaking, and remains an icon of the French film industry. ...


In the late 1950s the French New Wave critics, especially Éric Rohmer, Claude Chabrol, and François Truffaut, were among the first to see and promote his films as artistic works. Hitchcock was one of the first directors to whom they applied their auteur theory, which stresses the artistic authority of the director in the film-making process. François Truffauts New Wave film Jules et Jim The New Wave (French: la Nouvelle Vague) was a blanket term coined by critics for a group of French filmmakers of the late 1950s and 1960s, influenced (in part) by Italian Neorealism. ... Éric Rohmer (born Jean-Marie Maurice Scherer, April 4, 1920, Tulle, France) is a French film director and screenwriter. ... Claude Chabrol (French IPA: ) (born June 24, 1930, Paris) is a French film director and has become well-known since his first film, Le Beau Serge (1958) for his chilling tales of murder, including Le Boucher (1970). ... François Roland Truffaut (French IPA: ) (February 6, 1932 – October 21, 1984) was one of the founders of the French New Wave in filmmaking, and remains an icon of the French film industry. ... Auteurs redirects here. ...


Influence

Hitchcock's innovations and vision have influenced a great number of filmmakers, producers, and actors. His influence helped start a trend for film directors to control artistic aspects of their movies without answering to the movie's producer. A film producer creates the conditions for making movies. ... For other uses, see Actor (disambiguation). ... Director Herbert Brenon with actress Alla Nazimova on the set of War Brides, 1916 A director is a person who directs the making of a film. ...


Awards

The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences awarded Hitchcock the Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award, in 1967. However, despite six earlier nominations, he never won an Oscar in a contested category. His Oscar nominations were: Pickford Center for Motion Picture Study in Hollywood, California Founded on May 11, 1927 in California, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) is a professional honorary organization dedicated to the advancement of the arts and sciences of motion pictures. ... The Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award is awarded periodically (although not every year) at the Academy Awards ceremonies to Creative producers, whose bodies of work reflect a consistently high quality of motion picture production. ... Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ...

Rebecca, which Hitchcock directed, won the 1940 Best Picture Oscar for its producer David O. Selznick. In addition to Rebecca and Suspicion, two other films Hitchcock directed, Foreign Correspondent and Spellbound, were nominated for Best Picture. The Academy Award for Directing is one of the awards given to people working in the motion picture industry by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences; the awards are voted on by other people within the industry. ... Rebecca is an Academy Award–winning 1940 psychological thriller directed by Alfred Hitchcock as his first American project. ... Lifeboat is a 1944 World War II war film, directed by Alfred Hitchcock from a story written by John Steinbeck. ... Spellbound is a 1945 psychological thriller and mystery film directed by Alfred Hitchcock. ... For the 1998 remake, see Rear Window (1998 film). ... Psycho is a 1960 suspense/horror film directed by auteur Alfred Hitchcock from the screenplay by Joseph Stefano about a psychotic killer. ... // The Academy Award for Best Motion Picture is one of the Academy Awards, awards given to people working in the motion picture industry by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, which are voted on by others within the industry. ... Suspicion DVD cover Suspicion (1941) is a film noir directed by Alfred Hitchcock starring Cary Grant and Joan Fontaine as a married couple. ... // The Academy Award for Best Motion Picture is one of the Academy Awards, awards given to people working in the motion picture industry by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, which are voted on by others within the industry. ... David O. Selznick David Oliver Selznick (May 10, 1902–June 22, 1965), was one of the icon Hollywood producers of the Golden Age. ...


Hitchcock is considered the Best Film Director of all time by The Screen Directory.[26] Hitchcock was knighted in 1980.


Sixteen films directed by Hitchcock earned Oscar nominations, though only six of those films earned Hitchcock himself a nomination. The total number of Oscar nominations (including winners) earned by films he directed is fifty. Four of those films earned Best Picture nominations.


Television and books

Alfred Hitchcock introduces the Alfred Hitchcock Presents episode "The Sorcerer's Apprentice"
This image is a candidate for speedy deletion. It will be deleted after seven days from the date of nomination.

Along with Walt Disney, Hitchcock was one of the first prominent motion picture producers to fully envision just how popular the medium of television would become. From 1955 to 1965, Hitchcock was the host and producer of a long-running television series entitled Alfred Hitchcock Presents. While his films had made Hitchcock's name strongly associated with suspense, the TV series made Hitchcock a celebrity himself. His irony-tinged voice, image, and mannerisms became instantly recognizable and were often the subject of parody. The title theme of the show pictured a minimalist caricature of his profile (he drew it himself; it is composed of only around seven lines) which his real silhouette then filled. His introductions before the stories in his program always included some sort of wry humor, such as the description of a recent multi-person execution hampered by having only one electric chair, while two are now shown with a sign "Two chairs--no waiting!" He directed a few episodes of the TV series himself, and he upset a number of movie production companies when he insisted on using his TV production crew to produce his motion picture Psycho. In the late 1980s, a new version of Alfred Hitchcock Presents was produced for television, making use of Hitchcock's original introductions in a colorised form. Image File history File links Alfred_Hitchcock. ... Image File history File links Alfred_Hitchcock. ... Alfred Hitchcock Presents was an anthology television series hosted by Alfred Hitchcock. ... For the company founded by Disney, see The Walt Disney Company. ... See also: 1954 in television, other events of 1955, 1956 in television and the list of years in television. // Events April 1 - The DuMont Television network drastically cuts back its programming. ... See also: 1964 in television, other events of 1965, 1966 in television and the list of years in television. For the American network television schedule, please see 1965-66 American network television schedule. ... Alfred Hitchcock Presents was an anthology television series hosted by Alfred Hitchcock. ... Ironic redirects here. ... A colorized image of Laurel and Hardy, from March of the Wooden Soldiers (formally Babes in Toyland). ...


"Hitch" used a curious little tune by the French composer Charles Gounod (1818-1893), the composer of the 1859 opera Faust, as the theme "song" for his television programs, after it was suggested to him by composer Bernard Herrmann. Arthur Fiedler and the Boston Pops Orchestra included the piece, Funeral March of a Marionette, in one of their extended play 45-rpm discs for RCA Victor during the 1950s. Charles Gounod. ... For other uses, see Faust (disambiguation). ... Arthur Fiedler (December 17, 1894 – July 10, 1979) was the long-time conductor of the Boston Pops Orchestra, a symphony orchestra that specialized in popular music. ... The Boston Pops Orchestra was founded in 1885 as a subsection of the Boston Symphony Orchestra. ... Sony BMG Music Entertainment is the result of a 50/50 joint venture between Sony Music Entertainment (part of Sony) and BMG Entertainment (part of Bertelsmann AG) completed in August 2004. ...


Alfred Hitchcock appears as a character in the popular juvenile detective series, Alfred Hitchcock and the Three Investigators. The long-running detective series was created by Robert Arthur, who wrote the first several books, although other authors took over after he left the series. The Three Investigators -- Jupiter Jones, Bob Andrews and Peter Crenshaw -- were amateur detectives, slightly younger than the Hardy Boys. In the introduction to each book, "Alfred Hitchcock" introduces the mystery, and he sometimes refers a case to the boys to solve. At the end of each book, the boys report to Hitchcock, and sometimes give him a memento of their case. The Three Investigators was a popular American juvenile detective book series first published as Alfred Hitchcock and the Three Investigators. ... Robert Arthur (1909-1969) was a mystery writer famous for his The Three Investigators series. ... The Hardy Boys is a popular series of detective/adventure books for boys chronicling the fictional adventures of teenage brothers Frank and Joe Hardy. ...


When the real Alfred Hitchcock died, the fictional Hitchcock in the Three Investigators books was replaced by a retired detective named Hector Sebastian. At this time, the series title was changed from Alfred Hitchcock and the Three Investigators to The Three Investigators.


At the height of Hitchcock's success, he was also asked to introduce a set of books with his name attached. The series was a collection of short stories by popular short-story writers, primarily focused on suspense and thrillers. These titles included Alfred Hitchcock's Monster Museum, Alfred Hitchcock's Supernatural Tales of Terror and Suspense, Alfred Hitchcock's Spellbinders in Suspense, Alfred Hitchcock's Witch's Brew, Alfred Hitchcock's Ghostly Gallery, Alfred Hitchcock Presents Stories to be Read with the Door Locked, Alfred Hitchcock's A Hangman's Dozen and Alfred Hitchcock's Haunted Houseful. Hitchcock himself was not actually involved in the reading, reviewing, editing or selection of the short stories; in fact, even his introductions were ghost-written. The entire extent of his involvement with the project was to lend his name and collect a check.


Some notable writers whose works were used in the collection include Shirley Jackson (Strangers in Town, The Lottery), T.H. White (The Once and Future King), Robert Bloch, H. G. Wells (The War of the Worlds), Robert Louis Stevenson, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, Mark Twain and the creator of The Three Investigators, Robert Arthur. Shirley Jackson (December 14, 1916 [1] – August 8, 1965) was an influential American author. ... For the gambling game, see lottery. ... Terence Hanbury White (May 29, 1906 - January 17, 1964) was a writer. ... The Once and Future King is an Arthurian fantasy novel written by T.H. White. ... Robert Albert Bloch (April 5, 1917, Chicago-September 23, 1994, Los Angeles) was a prolific American writer. ... Herbert George Wells (September 21, 1866 – August 13, 1946), better known as H. G. Wells, was an English writer best known for such science fiction novels as The Time Machine, The War of the Worlds, The Invisible Man, The First Men in the Moon and The Island of Doctor Moreau. ... The War of the Worlds (1898), by H. G. Wells, is an early science fiction novel (or novella) which describes an invasion of England by aliens from Mars. ... Robert Louis (Balfour) Stevenson (November 13, 1850 – December 3, 1894), was a Scottish novelist, poet, and travel writer, and a leading representative of Neo-romanticism in English literature. ... Arthur Conan Doyle Sir Arthur Ignatius Conan Doyle (May 22, 1859 - July 7, 1930) is the British author most famously known for his stories about the detective Sherlock Holmes, which are generally considered a major innovation in the field of crime fiction. ... Samuel Langhorne Clemens (November 30, 1835 – April 21, 1910),[1] better known by the pen name Mark Twain, was an American humanist,[2] humorist, satirist, lecturer and writer. ... The Three Investigators was a popular American juvenile detective series first published as Alfred Hitchcock and the Three Investigators. It was created by Robert Arthur who thought of using a famous figure as the movie director to attract attention. ... Robert Arthur (1909-1969) was a mystery writer famous for his The Three Investigators series. ...


Hitchcock also wrote a mystery story for Look magazine in 1943, "The Murder of Monty Woolley." This was a sequence of captioned photographs inviting the reader to inspect the pictures for clues to the murderer's identity; Hitchcock cast the performers as themselves: Woolley, Doris Merrick, and make-up man Guy Pearce, whom Hitchcock identified, in the last photo, as the murderer. The article was reprinted in Games Magazine in November/December 1980. Look was a weekly, general-interest magazine published in the United States from 1937 to 1971, with more of an emphasis on photographs than articles. ... Monty Woolley (August 17, 1888 - May 6, 1963) was an American actor. ... Guy Pearce in Memento (2000). ... GAMES Magazine is a United States based magazine devoted to games published by GAMES Publications, a division of Kappa Publishing Group. ...


Filmography

For a complete list of all his films go to:

// Complete filmography Silent films British films American films Television episodes Alfred Hitchcock Presents: Revenge (1955) Alfred Hitchcock Presents: Breakdown (1955) Alfred Hitchcock Presents: The Case of Mr. ...

Phobias

Alfred Hitchcock had a dislike of egg yolk. He once said: In most birds and reptiles, an egg (Latin ovum) is the zygote, resulting from fertilization of the ovum. ...

"I’m frightened of eggs, worse than frightened, they revolt me. That white round thing without any holes … have you ever seen anything more revolting than an egg yolk breaking and spilling its yellow liquid? Blood is jolly, red. But egg yolk is yellow, revolting. I’ve never tasted it."[27]

Biographer Patrick McGilligan confirmed Hitchcock's avoidance of eggs[28], while noting that the director had actually tried them as a young man, then discovered he didn't like them. He was especially annoyed by poached eggs. His daughter Patricia, however, stated that "He loved souffles."[29] Poached eggs sprinkled with moccha salt, served on sourdough bread. ...


Hitchcock also had a serious fear of the police, which was the reason he said he never learned to drive. His reasoning was that if one never drove, then one would never have an opportunity to be pulled over by the police and issued a ticket. However, Patrick McGilligan wrote that "though Hitchcock pooh-poohed driving, insisting to interviewers that he didn't even know how, he often chauffeured his daughter to school at Marymount [a private academy for girls], and for a long time drove her to Sunday Mass."[30] His fear of the police can be attributed to a circumstance encountered by Hitchcock in his youth, which he told a number of interviewers and mentioned in the PBS documentary The Men Who Made the Movies. In an attempt to punish Hitchcock for an instance of misbehavior, Alfred's father detailed in writing that the young Hitchcock had engaged in some form of childish mischief. Hitchcock's father then handed the description to Alfred, sending him to the local police station to demonstrate his wrongdoing. In response to the written notice, the on-duty police officer immediately brought Hitchcock to an empty cell and locked him there for a full 5 minutes, citing the justification for this action as a means to reprimand the young boy. Undoubtedly, history has recorded this incident as scarring. This perhaps influenced his signature theme in his movies where an innocent person would become entangled in the web of another guilty person's behaviour. This can be noted in many of his films, and a possible reason would be due to his hatred for authority, and his siding with the innocent. He also manages to convey this message to his audience in order to allow them to take his (the innocent) side. [31]


Frequent collaborators

Actors:

Film Crew: Sara Allgood (born October 31, 1879 in Dublin, Ireland and died September 13, 1950 in Woodland Hills, California, United States), was an Irish character_actress. ... Murray Alper (11 January 1904 - 16 November 1984) was an American actor. ...   (pronounced in Swedish, but usually in English, IPA notation) (August 29, 1915 – August 29, 1982) was a three-time Academy Award-winning and two-time Emmy Award-winning Swedish actress. ... Donald Calthrop (11 April 1888 – 15 July 1940), was an English film actor. ... Leo G. Carroll (October 25, 1892–October 16, 1972) was an British character actor, best known for his roles in several Hitchcock films and The Man from U.N.C.L.E.. He was born in Weedon, Buckinghamshire to a wealthy Catholic family, who named him after the reigning pope... Edward Chapman (13 October 1901 - 9 August 1977) was an English actor who starred in many films and television programmes, but is chiefly remembered as Mr. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Violet Farebrother (22 August 1888 – 27 September 1969), was an English film actress. ... Bess Flowers (November 23, 1898 _ July 28, 1984) was an American actress, by some counts considered the most prolific actress in the history of Hollywood. ... This article is about the British actor. ... Clare Greet (14 June 1871 – 14 February 1939), was an English film actress. ... Edmund Gwenn (September 26, 1877–September 6, 1959) was a British theatre and film actor. ... Gordon Harker (7 August 1885 – 2 March 1967), was an English film actor. ... Tom Helmore (4 January 1904 – 12 September 1995), was a British film actor. ... Patricia Hitchcock at age 12 with her famous father. ... Ian Hunter as Dr. Lanyon in MGMs (1941) Ian Hunter (b. ... Isabel Jeans (September 16, 1891 London, England – September 4, 1985 London, England) was a distinguished English stage and film actress. ... Categories: Possible copyright violations ... Phyllis Konstam (14 April 1907 – 20 August 1976), was an English film actress. ... For the Mika song, see Grace Kelly (song). ... John Longden (11 November 1900 – 26 May 1971), was a West Indian-born English film actor. ... Basil Radford (25 June 1897 Chester, England - 20 October 1952 London, England) was a British character actor who featured in many British films of the 1930s and 1940s. ... For other persons named James Stewart, see James Stewart (disambiguation). ... John Williams (April 15, 1902 – May 5, 1983) was a British stage, film, and television actor. ...

  • Fred Ahern - Production Manager
  • Michael Balcon - Producer
  • Jack Barron - Makeup
  • Saul Bass - Main titles design
  • Robert F. Boyle - Art Director/Production Designer
  • Henry Bumstead - Art Director
  • Robert Burks - Cinematographer
  • Herbert Coleman - Assistant Director/Producer
  • Jack E. Cox - Cinematographer
  • Lowell J. Farrell - Assistant Director
  • Charles Frend - Film Editor
  • Hilton A. Green - Assistant Director
  • Bobby Greene - First Assistant Camera
  • Edith Head - Costume Designer
  • Bernard Herrmann - Music Composer
  • J. McMillan Johnson - Art Director/Production Designer
  • Barbara Keon - Production Assistant
  • Emile Kuri - Set Decoration
  • Bryan Langley - Cinematographer/Assistant Camera
  • Louis Levy - Musical Director/Music Composer
  • Norman Lloyd - Producer/Director
  • John Maxwell - Producer
  • Daniel McCauley - Assistant Director
  • Frank Mills - Assistant Director
  • George Milo - Set Decoration
  • Ivor Montagu - Editor/Producer
  • Hal Pereira - Art Director
  • Michael Powell - Still Photographer/Assistant Camera
  • Alma Reville - Assistant Director/Writer
  • Rita Riggs - Costume Designer
  • Peggy Robertson - Assistant
  • Emile de Ruelle - Film Editor
  • William Russell - Sound Recordist
  • David O. Selznick - Producer
  • Harry Stradling - Cinematographer/Director of Photography
  • Lois Thurman - Script Supervisor
  • Dimitri Tiomkin - Music Composer
  • George Tomasini - Film Editor
  • Joseph A. Valentine - Cinematographer
  • Gaetano di Ventimiglia - Cinematographer
  • Waldon O. Watson - Sound Recordist
  • Franz Waxman - Music Composer
  • Albert Whitlock - Matte Painter
  • William H. Ziegler - Film Editor

Screenwriters: Frederick Vincent (Fred) Ahern Jr. ... Sir Michael Balcon (19 May 1896–17 October 1977) was a British film producer, best known for his work with the Ealing Studios. ... Saul Bass (May 8, 1920 - April 25, 1996) was a graphic designer and Academy Award-winning filmmaker, but he is best known for his design on animated motion picture title sequences, which is thought of as the best such work ever seen. ... Lloyd Henry Bumstead (March 17, 1915 – May 24, 2006) was an American cinematic art director and production designer. ... Cinematographer Robert Burks (1909 - 1968) was known for being proficient in virtually every genre and equally at home with black-and-white or colour. ... Jack E. Cox, know variously as J. J. Cox, Jack Cox, John J. Cox and John Cox, was an English cinematographer born in London, on 26 July 1896. ... Charles Frend (1909-1971) was an English film director, born in Pulborough, Sussex, England. ... Edith Head on the cover of the book The Life and Times of Edith Head by David Chierichetti Edith Head (October 28, 1897 – October 24, 1981) was an American costume designer who had a long career in Hollywood that garnered her more Academy Awards than any other woman in history. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Norman Lloyd (born November 8, 1914) is an American veteran actor, producer and director with a career in entertainment spanning more than six decades. ... Ivor Goldsmid Samuel Montagu (23 April 1904, London, England – 5 November 1984, London) was a British filmmaker, screenwriter, producer and film critic. ... Hal Pereira was an American art director and production designer educated at the University of Illinois and brother of architect William L. Periera. ... Michael Latham Powell (September 30, 1905 – February 19, 1990) was a British film director, renowned for his partnership with Emeric Pressburger which produced a series of classic British films. ... Alma Reville (August 14, 1899 – July 6, 1982 in Bel-Air, Los Angeles, California) was an actress, assistant director and the wife of Alfred Hitchcock, whom she met while working as an assistant director on one of his first films. ... There are many well-known people named William Russell: William Russell (bishop), Bishop of Sodor and Man from 1348 to 1374. ... David O. Selznick David Oliver Selznick (May 10, 1902–June 22, 1965), was one of the icon Hollywood producers of the Golden Age. ... Harry Stradling Sr. ... Dimitri Zinovievich Tiomkin (Russian: , Dmitrij Zinovevič Tëmkin, somtimes translated as Dmitri Tiomkin) (May 10, 1894 – November 11, 1979) was a film composer and conductor. ... George Tomasini (born April 20, 1909, died November 22, 1964) was the genius American film editor who often worked with very closely with film director Alfred Hitchcock. ... Franz Waxman (December 24, 1906, Königshütte, Upper Silesia (now Chorzów, Poland) - February 24, 1967, Los Angeles, California), born Franz Wachsmann, was a German-born Jewish-American composer, known for his bravura Carmen Fantasy for violin and orchestra and for his musical scores for films. ... the famous matte Albert J Whitlock (September 15, 1915 in London – October 26, 1999 in Santa Barbara, California) was an English motion picture matte artist best known for his work with Disney and Universal Studios. ...

Charles Bennett (2nd August, 1899 - 15th June, 1995) was a British playwright and screenwriter, probably best known for his work with Alfred Hitchcock. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... Joan Harrison (June 26, 1907 - August 14, 1994) was a film producer and screenwriter. ... John Michael Hayes (born May 11, 1919) an American playwright. ... Ben Hecht (February 28, 1894 – April 18, 1964) was a prolific Hollywood screenwriter, even though he professed disdain for the motion picture industry. ... Angus MacPhail (born 8 April 1903 in London - 22 April 1962) was an English screenwriter active from the late 1920s who is known for his work with Alfred Hitchcock. ... Eliot Stannard (1888 – 1944), was an English screenwriter. ...

See also

Projects developed by Alfred Hitchcock but not realized: // Greenmantle (1939 – 1942) Hitchcock very much wanted to direct a follow-up to The 39 Steps, and he felt that Greenmantle was a superior book. ... Film directors frequently choose to work with the same actor or actress across several projects. ... Alfred Hitchcocks Mystery Magazine is a monthly fiction digest magazine specializing in crime and detective fiction. ... High Anxiety is a 1977 comedy film directed by and starring Mel Brooks. ... Hitchcock & Herrmann is the title of a play written by David Knijnenburg which examines the relationship between Alfred Hitchcock and Bernard Herrmann. ... Hitchcockian is a general term used to describe film styles and themes similar to those of Alfred Hitchcocks films. ... The 1958 release cover of Why Why is a board game from the late 50s created by the Milton Bradley Company based on the television show Alfred Hitchcock Presents. ... Milton Bradley (1836 - 1911) was a game pioneer, credited by many with launching the game industry in North America. ...

References

  1. ^ Patrick McGilligan, Alfred Hitchcock: A Life in Darkness and Light (New York: HarperCollins, 2003)
  2. ^ Patrick McGilligan, pg. 7
  3. ^ Patrick McGilligan, pgs. 18-19
  4. ^ Patrick McGilligan, pgs. 7-8
  5. ^ Patrick McGilligan, pg. 9
  6. ^ Patrick McGilligan, pgs. 24-25
  7. ^ Patrick McGilligan, pgs. 46-51
  8. ^ Patrick McGilligan, pgs. 68-71
  9. ^ Patrick McGilligan, pg. 85
  10. ^ Patrick McGilligan, pgs. 120-123
  11. ^ Patrick McGilligan, pg. 158
  12. ^ Patrick McGilligan, pgs. 210-211, 277; American Movie Classics
  13. ^ Patrick McGilligan, pgs. 251-252
  14. ^ Patrick McGilligan, pg. 253
  15. ^ Patrick McGilligan, pg. 244
  16. ^ Patrick McGilligan, pg. 343
  17. ^ Patrick McGilligan, pgs. 346-348
  18. ^ Patrick McGilligan, pgs. 372-374
  19. ^ Patrick McGilligan, pgs. 366-381
  20. ^ Patrick McGilligan, pgs. 429, 774-775
  21. ^ Patrick McGilligan, pg. 249
  22. ^ Patrick McGilligan, pgs. 731-734
  23. ^ Freeman, David (1999). The Last Days of Alfred Hitchcock. Overlook. ISBN 087951728X. 
  24. ^ "Alfred Hitchcock Dies; A Master of Suspense; Alfred Hitchcock, Master of Suspense and Celebrated Film Director, Dies at 80 Increasingly Pessimistic Sought Exotic Settings Technical Challenges Became a Draftsman Lured to Hollywood", New York Times, April 30, 1980, Wednesday. Retrieved on 2007-08-21. “Alfred Hitchcock, whose mastery of suspense and of directing technique made him one of the most popular and celebrated of film makers; died yesterday at the age of 80 at his home in Los Angeles. Mr. Hitchcock, ailing with arthritis and kidney failures, had been in declining health for a year.” 
  25. ^ Patrick McGilligan, pg. 82
  26. ^ [1]
  27. ^ [2]
  28. ^ Patrick McGilligan, Alfred Hitchcock: A Life in Darkness and Light (New York: HarperCollins, 2003), page 18
  29. ^ "Alfred Hitchcock and To Catch a Thief - An Appreciation" (DVD)
  30. ^ Patrick McGilligan, pg. 243
  31. ^ http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0000033/bio

The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... is the 120th day of the year (121st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 233rd day of the year (234th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Further reading

  • Auiler, Dan: Hitchcock's notebooks: an authorized and illustrated look inside the creative mind of Alfred Hitchcock. New York, Avon Books, 1999. Much useful background to the films.
  • Barr, Charles: English Hitchcock. Cameron & Hollis, 1999. Best in-print book on the early films of the director.
  • Conrad, Peter: The Hitchcock Murders. Faber and Faber, 2000. A highly personal and idiosyncratic discussion of Hitchcock's oeuvre.
  • DeRosa, Steven: Writing with Hitchcock. Faber and Faber, 2001. An examination of the collaboration between Hitchcock and screenwriter John Michael Hayes, his most frequent writing collaborator in Hollywood. Their films include Rear Window and The Man Who Knew Too Much.
  • Deutelbaum, Marshall; Poague, Leland (ed.): A Hitchcock Reader. Iowa State University Press, 1986. A wide-ranging collection of scholarly essays on Hitchcock.
  • Gottlieb, Sidney: Hitchcock on Hitchcock. Faber and Faber, 1995. Articles, lectures, etc. by Hitchcock himself. Basic reading on the director and his films.
  • Gottlieb, Sidney: Alfred Hitchcock: Interviews. University Press of Mississippi, 2003. A collection of Hitchcock interviews.
  • Haeffner, Nicholas: Alfred Hitchcock. Longman, 2005. A good undergraduate-level text.
  • Krohn, Bill: Hitchcock at Work. Phaidon, 2000. Translated from the award-winning French edition. The nitty-gritty of Hitchcock's filmmaking from scripting to post-production.
  • Leitch, Thomas: The Encyclopedia of Alfred Hitchcock. Checkmark Books, 2002. An excellent single-volume encyclopedia of all things Hitchcock.
  • McGilligan, Patrick: Alfred Hitchcock: A Life in Darkness and Light. Regan Books, 2003. A comprehensive biography of the director.
  • Modleski, Tania: The Women Who Knew Too Much: Hitchcock And Feminist Theory. Routledge, 2005 (2nd edition). A collection of critical essays on Hitchcock and his films, argues that Hitchcock's portrayal of women was an ambivalent one, not misogynist nor sympathetic (as widely thought). An important text to consider, given the abundance of female heroes and victims in his films.
  • Mogg, Ken. The Alfred Hitchcock Story. Titan, 1999. This original UK edition has significantly more text and is superior to the cut US edition. New material on all the films.
  • Rebello, Stephen: Alfred Hitchcock and the Making of Psycho. St. Martin's, 1990. Intimately researched and detailed history of the making of Psycho, praised as one of the best books on moviemaking ever.
  • Rothman, William. "The Murderous Gaze". Harvard Press, 1980. Looks at several Hitchcock films intimately. One of the smartest, and most accurate books on Hitchcock as an auteur.
  • Spoto, Donald: The Art of Alfred Hitchcock. Anchor Books, 1992. The first detailed critical survey of Hitchcock's work by an American.
  • Spoto, Donald: The Dark Side of Genius. Ballantine Books, 1983. A biography of Hitchcock, featuring a controversial exploration of Hitchcock's psychology.
  • Taylor, Alan: Jacobean Visions: Webster, Hitchcock and the Google Culture, Peter Lang, Spring 2007
  • Truffaut, François: Hitchcock. Simon and Schuster, 1985. A series of interviews of Hitchcock by the influential French director. This is an important source, but some have criticised Truffaut for taking an uncritical stance.
  • Vest, James: Hitchcock and France: The Forging of an Auteur. Praeger Publishers, 2003. A specialized study of Alfred Hitchcock's interest in French culture and the manner by which French critics, such as Truffaut, came to regard Hitchcock in such high esteem.
  • Wood, Robin: Hitchcock's Films Revisited. Columbia University Press, 2002 (2nd edition). Another collection of critical essays, now revisited by the author in this 2nd edition to supplement and annotate the highly lauded entries from before with the additional insight and changes that time and personal experience has brought him (including his own coming-out as a gay man).
  • Youngkin, Stephen D. (2005). The Lost One: A Life of Peter Lorre. University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 0-813-12360-7.  -- Contains interviews with Alfred Hitchcock and a discussion of the making of The Man Who Knew Too Much (1934) and Secret Agent (1936), which co-starred classic film actor Peter Lorre.

Psycho is a 1960 suspense/horror film directed by auteur Alfred Hitchcock from the screenplay by Joseph Stefano about a psychotic killer. ... François Roland Truffaut (French IPA: ) (February 6, 1932 – October 21, 1984) was one of the founders of the French New Wave in filmmaking, and remains an icon of the French film industry. ...

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Alfred Hitchcock
Persondata
NAME Hitchcock, Alfred Joseph
ALTERNATIVE NAMES
SHORT DESCRIPTION British film director and film producer
DATE OF BIRTH 13 August 1899(1899-08-13)
PLACE OF BIRTH London, UK
DATE OF DEATH 29 April 1980
PLACE OF DEATH Los Angeles, U.S.A.

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is one of a family of wiki-based projects run by the Wikimedia Foundation, running on MediaWiki software. ... The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database of information about movies, actors, television shows, production crew personnel, and video games. ... Turner Classic Movies (TCM) is a cable television channel featuring commercial-free classic movies, mostly from the Turner Entertainment and Warner Bros. ... screenonline is a website devoted to the history of British film and television, and to social history as revealed by film and television. ... The British Film Institute (BFI) is a charitable organisation established by Royal Charter to encourage the development of the arts of film, television and the moving image throughout the United Kingdom, to promote their use as a record of contemporary life and manners, to promote education about film, television and... TV.com is a website belonging to the CNET Games and Entertainment family of websites. ... // Complete filmography Silent films British films American films Television episodes Alfred Hitchcock Presents: Revenge (1955) Alfred Hitchcock Presents: Breakdown (1955) Alfred Hitchcock Presents: The Case of Mr. ... In 1922 Alfred Hitchcock obtained his first shot at directing for Gainsborough Pictures with the film Number 13 (or Mrs. ... Always Tell Your Wife is a 1923 short comedy film directed by Hugh Croise and an uncredited Alfred Hitchcock. ... The Pleasure Garden is a 1925 film, and the debut feature of Alfred Hitchcock. ... The Mountain Eagle was Alfred Hitchcocks second silent film as director, released in 1926, following The Pleasure Garden. ... The Lodger: A Story of the London Fog often just called The Lodger was a 1927 silent film directed by Alfred Hitchcock. ... Downhill is a 1927 film directed by Alfred Hitchcock. ... Easy Virtue is a 1928 silent film directed by Alfred Hitchcock. ... The Ring is a 1927 British, silent, black and white film directed and written by Alfred Hitchcock. ... The Farmer’s Wife is a silent movie, directed by Alfred Hitchcock and released in 1928. ... Champagne is a 1928 silent film by film director Alfred Hitchcock, based on an original story by English writer and critic Walter C. Mycroft. ... The Manxman is a 1929 film directed by Alfred Hitchcock. ... Blackmail (1929) was directed by Alfred Hitchcock and stars Anny Ondra, John Longden, and Cyril Ritchard, and based on the play Blackmail by Charles Bennett. ... Juno and the Paycock is a 1930 film directed by Alfred Hitchcock. ... Elstree Calling is a 1930 film directed by Andre Charlot, Jack Hulbert, Paul Murray, and Alfred Hitchcock as a homage to vaudeville made to look like an early TV special. ... The Skin Game is a 1931 film by Alfred Hitchcock, based on a play by John Galsworthy. ... Mary is a 1931 Alfred Hitchcock film based on Clemence Danes novel & Herbert Juttkes book. ... Number Seventeen is a 1932 film directed by Alfred Hitchcock based on a stage play by J. Jefferson Fargeon. ... Rich and Strange is a 1932 film direced by Alfred Hitchcock during his time in the British film industry. ... Waltzes from Vienna is a 1933 film directed by Alfred Hitchcock. ... The Man Who Knew Too Much is a 1934 suspense film directed by Alfred Hitchcock. ... The 39 Steps is a 1935 film directed by Alfred Hitchcock, based on the adventure novel The Thirty-nine Steps by John Buchan. ... For other uses, see Secret agent (disambiguation). ... Sabotage is a 1936 British film directed by Alfred Hitchcock, which tells the story of Carl Verloc (played by Oscar Homolka), a terrorist from an unnamed European country, who conducts a series of attacks in London. ... Young and Innocent (U.S. title: The Girl Was Young) is a British film (1937) directed by Alfred Hitchcock starring Nova Pilbeam, Derrick De Marney and John Longden. ... The Lady Vanishes is a 1938 film directed by Alfred Hitchcock. ... Jamaica Inn is a film made by Alfred Hitchcock adapted from Daphne du Mauriers novel of the same name, in 1939, the first of three of du Mauriers works that Hitchcock adapted. ... Rebecca is an Academy Award–winning 1940 psychological thriller directed by Alfred Hitchcock as his first American project. ... Foreign Correspondent is a 1940 film which tells the story of an American reporter who becomes involved in espionage in England during the onset of World War II. It stars Joel McCrea, George Sanders, Laraine Day, Herbert Marshall, Albert Bassermann and Robert Benchley. ... For other uses see Mr. ... Suspicion (1941) is a film noir directed by Alfred Hitchcock starring Cary Grant and Joan Fontaine as a married couple. ... Saboteur is a 1942 Universal film directed by Alfred Hitchcock with a screenplay written by Peter Viertel and Joan Harrison. ... For other uses, see Shadow of a Doubt (disambiguation). ... Lifeboat is a 1944 World War II war film, directed by Alfred Hitchcock from a story written by John Steinbeck. ... Aventure Malgache is a 1944 French language propaganda short film made by Alfred Hitchcock for the British Ministry of Information. ... Bon Voyage is a 1944 French language propaganda short film made by Alfred Hitchcock for the British Ministry of Information. ... Spellbound is a 1945 psychological thriller and mystery film directed by Alfred Hitchcock. ... Notorious is a 1946 thriller directed and produced by Alfred Hitchcock, and starring Cary Grant and Ingrid Bergman as two people whose lives become intimately entangled during an espionage operation. ... The Paradine Case was a 1947 courtroom drama movie, directed by Alfred Hitchcock, produced by David O. Selznick. ... Rope (1948) is an Alfred Hitchcock classic film notable for its single location covered in what appeared to be just a few continuous shots. ... Under Capricorn is a 1949 film directed by Alfred Hitchcock based on a novel by Helen Simpson. ... Stage Fright DVD cover Stage Fright is a 1950 Warner Bros. ... Strangers on a Train is a film released in 1951 by Warner Bros. ... I Confess is a 1953 film directed by Alfred Hitchcock starring Montgomery Clift as Fr. ... Dial M for Murder is a 1954 Warner Brothers film directed by Alfred Hitchcock starring Grace Kelly and Ray Milland as a married couple. ... For the 1998 remake, see Rear Window (1998 film). ... To Catch a Thief is a 1955 film directed by Alfred Hitchcock, starring Cary Grant, Grace Kelly, Jessie Royce Landis and John Williams. ... The Trouble with Harry is an American black comedy film directed by Alfred Hitchcock, which was released on October 3, 1955 in the United States. ... The Man Who Knew Too Much is a 1956 suspense film directed by Alfred Hitchcock, starring James Stewart and Doris Day. ... The Wrong Man is a 1956 film by Alfred Hitchcock which stars Henry Fonda and Vera Miles. ... For other uses of the word, see Vertigo. ... North by Northwest (1959) is a comic thriller by Alfred Hitchcock produced at MGM. It was premiered in the San Sebastian International Film Festival. ... Psycho is a 1960 suspense/horror film directed by auteur Alfred Hitchcock from the screenplay by Joseph Stefano about a psychotic killer. ... The Birds is a 1963 horror film by Alfred Hitchcock, loosely based on the short story The Birds by Daphne du Maurier. ... Marnie is a 1964 psychological thriller directed by Alfred Hitchcock and based on the novel Marnie by Winston Graham. ... Torn Curtain DVD cover Torn Curtain is a 1966 thriller film directed by Alfred Hitchcock, featuring his trademark characters and camera techniques. ... Topaz, director Alfred Hitchcocks 51st movie, filmed between 1968 and 1969, was adapted from the book Topaz (ISBN 0-553-23547-8) by Leon Uris. ... For other uses, see Frenzy (disambiguation). ... Family Plot is a 1976 Universal motion picture directed by Alfred Hitchcock and starring Karen Black, Bruce Dern, Barbara Harris and William Devane, with Cathleen Nesbitt. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with List of Alfred Hitchcock cameo appearances. ... Projects developed by Alfred Hitchcock but not realized: // Greenmantle (1939 – 1942) Hitchcock very much wanted to direct a follow-up to The 39 Steps, and he felt that Greenmantle was a superior book. ... Director Herbert Brenon with actress Alla Nazimova on the set of War Brides, 1916 A director is a person who directs the making of a film. ... is the 225th day of the year (226th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1899 (MDCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... is the 119th day of the year (120th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American...


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Alfred Hitchcock (211 words)
Alfred Hitchcock (1899-1980), auteur, showman and famed director, had a career spanning five decades and over 50 films.
Alfred Hitchcock was a man with a vast legacy.
Along with his humorous introductions, Hitchcock brought many tales with a twist to the television with his Alfred Hitchcock Presents TV Show.
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Hitchcock asked Salvador Dalí to imagine "dreams with great visual sharpness and clarity, shaper than the film itself." Terror and fright, the horror off-screen, such as in Bates' Motel in Psycho, are evoked in gallery 12.
Alfred Hitchcock was born in London in 1899 as the youngest of three children.
Hitchcock rejected all naturalism, he favored the simplification of the actor's performances as well as of their costumes and hairstyles, his storytelling was schematized, the sets were theatrically stylized (Robert Daudelin).
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