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Encyclopedia > Alfred Hermann Fried

Alfred Hermann Fried (November 11, 1864 in Vienna, Austria- May 5, 1921 in Vienna), was an Austrian Jewish pacifist, publicist, journalist, co-founder of the German peace movement, and winner (with Tobias Asser) of the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1911. November 11 is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 50 days remaining. ... 1864 (MDCCCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... Vienna (German: , see also other names) is the capital of Austria, and also one of the nine States of Austria. ... May 5 is the 125th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (126th in leap years). ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for full calendar). ... Vienna (German: , see also other names) is the capital of Austria, and also one of the nine States of Austria. ... For other uses, see Jew (disambiguation). ... Tobias Michael Carel Asser (April 28, 1838 - July 29, 1913) was a Dutch jurist, cowinner (with Alfred Fried) of the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1911 for his role in the formation of the Permanent Court of Arbitration at the first Hague peace conference (1899). ... The Nobel Peace Prize (where Nobel is pronounced with the stress on the second syllable) is one of five Nobel Prizes bequested by the Swedish industrialist and inventor Alfred Nobel. ... 1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar). ...

Contents

Life

Fried left school at the age of 15 and started to work in a book store in Vienna. In 1883 he moved to Berlin, where he opened a book shop of his own in 1887. He created and wrote Die Waffen nieder! (Lay Down Your Arms), and in 1892 he and Bertha von Suttner began to print it in magazine format. In articles published within Die Waffen nieder! and its successor, Die Friedenswarte (The Peace Watch), he articulated his pacifist philosophy. Vienna (German: , see also other names) is the capital of Austria, and also one of the nine States of Austria. ... 1883 (MDCCCLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Location of Berlin within Germany / EU Coordinates Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DE3 City subdivisions 12 boroughs Governing Mayor Klaus Wowereit (SPD) Governing parties SPD / Left. ... 1887 (MDCCCLXXXVII) is a common year starting on Saturday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar. ... 1892 (MDCCCXCII) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Bertha Felicitas Sophie Freifrau von Suttner (Baroness Bertha von Suttner), (9 June 1843 in Prague, [then in Austrian Empire] - 21 June 1914 in Vienna, (then in Austria-Hungary), born as Gräfin (Countess) Kinsky von Wchinitz und Tettau, was an Austrian novelist, radical pacifist, and was the first woman to...


In 1892 he was a co-founder of the German peace movement. He was one of the fathers of the idea of a modern organization to assure world-wide peace (the principal idea was fulfilled in the League of Nations and after the Second World War in the UNO). 1892 (MDCCCXCII) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... A peace movement is a social movement that seeks to achieve ideals such as the ending of a particular war (or all wars), minimize inter-human violence in a particular place or type of situation, often linked to the goal of achieving world peace. ... The League of Nations was an international organization founded as a result of the Paris Peace Conference in 1919-1920. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... The foundation of the U.N. The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. ...


Fried was a prominent member of the Esperanto-movement. In 1903 he published the book Lehrbuch der internationalen Hilfssprache Esperanto (Textbook of the International Language of Esperanto). In 1911 he received the Nobel Peace Prize together with Tobias Asser. During the First World War he lived in Switzerland and died in Vienna in 1921. Look up Esperanto in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... 1900 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Friday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... 1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar). ... Lester B. Pearson after accepting the Nobel Peace Prize The Nobel Peace Prize (Swedish and Norwegian: Nobels fredspris) is the name of one of five Nobel Prizes bequeathed by the Swedish industrialist and inventor Alfred Nobel. ... Tobias Michael Carel Asser (April 28, 1838 - July 29, 1913) was a Dutch jurist, cowinner (with Alfred Fried) of the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1911 for his role in the formation of the Permanent Court of Arbitration at the first Hague peace conference (1899). ... Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for full calendar). ...


Work

  • Das Abrüstungs-Problem: Eine Untersuchung. Berlin, Gutman, 1904.
  • Abschied von Wien - eLibrary Austria Project (elib Austria etxt in German)
  • The German Emperor and the Peace of the World, with a Preface by Norman Angell. London, Hodder & Stoughton, 1912.
  • Die Grundlagen des revolutionären Pacifismus. Tübingen, Mohr, 1908. Translated into French by Jean Lagorgette as Les Bases du pacifisme: Le Pacifisme réformiste et le pacifisme «révolutionnaire». Paris, Pedone, 1909.
  • Handbuch der Friedenshewegung. Wien, Oesterreichischen Friedensgesellschaft, 1905. 2nd ed., Leipzig, Verlag der «Friedens-Warte», 1911.
  • «Intellectual Starvation in Germany and Austria», in Nation, 110 (March 20, 1920) 367-368.
  • International Cooperation. Newcastle-on-Tyne, Richardson [1918].
  • Das internationale Leben der Gegenwart. Leipzig, Teubner, 1908.
  • «The League of Nations: An Ethical Institution», in Living Age, 306 (August 21, 1920) 440-443.
  • Mein Kriegstagebuch. 4 Bde. Zürich, Rascher, 1918-1920.
  • Pan-Amerika. Zürich, Orell-Füssli, 1910.
  • The Restoration of Europe, transl. by Lewis Stiles Gannett. New York, Macmillan, 1916.
  • Der Weltprotest gegen den versailler Frieden. Leipzig, Verlag der Neue Geist, 1920.
  • Die zweite Haager Konferenz: Ihre Arbeiten, ihre Ergebnisse, und ihre Bedeutung. Leipzig, Nachfolger [1908].

See also

This is a list of Austrian writers and poets. ... The following list is a selection of famous Austrians. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...

References


  Results from FactBites:
 
US Bazaar.com : Encyclopedia Pages : Alfred Hermann Fried (377 words)
Alfred Hermann Fried (November 11, 1864 in Vienna, Austria- May 5, 1921 in Vienna), was an Austrian Jewish pacifist, publicist, journalist, co-founder of the German peace movement, and winner (with Tobias Asser) of the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1911.
Fried left school at the age of 15 and started to work in a book store in Vienna.
Fried was a prominent member of the Esperanto-movement.
Alfred Fried - Biography (914 words)
Fried's library was purchased by Stanford University (Palo Alto, Calif., U.S.A.); a collection of his manuscripts is housed in the Peace Archives of the United Nations Library in Geneva.
Fried, Alfred Hermann, «Intellectual Starvation in Germany and Austria», in Nation, 110 (March 20, 1920) 367-368.
Wehberg, Hans, «Alfred Hermann Fried», in Deutsches Biographisches Jahrbuch.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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