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Encyclopedia > Alfred G. Gilman

Alfred Goodman Gilman (born July 1, 1941) is an American scientist. He shared the 1994 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Martin Rodbell for their discoveries regarding G-proteins. July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film). ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by United Nations. ... List of Nobel Prize laureates in Physiology or Medicine from 1901 to the present day. ... Martin Rodbell won a Nobel Prize in 1994 Martin Rodbell (December 1, 1925- December 7, 1998) was an American biochemist and molecular endocrinologist who is best known for his discovery of G-proteins. ... G-proteins, short for guanine nucleotide binding proteins, are a family of proteins involved in second messenger cascades. ...

G-proteins are a vital intermediary between the activation of receptors on the cell membrane and actions within the cell. Rodbell had shown in the 1960s that GTP was involved in cell signaling. It was Gilman who actually discovered the proteins that interacted with the GTP to initiate signalling cascades within the cell. // The cell membrane (also called the plasma membrane or plasmalemma) is a semipermeable lipid bilayer common to all living cells. ... Drawing of the structure of cork as it appeared under the microscope to Robert Hook from Micrographia which is the origin of the word cell. POOP Cells in culture, stained for keratin (red) and DNA (green). ... Guanosine triphosphate (GTP) is also known as guanosine-5-triphosphate. ...

Gilman was born in New Haven, Connecticut. His father, Alfred Gilman, was a professor at Yale University and one of the authors of the classic pharmacology textbook The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics; he chose his son's middle name in honor of his co-author Louis Goodman. Alfred Goodman Gilman was contributing editor of the tenth (2001) edition of the textbook. Nickname: Location in Connecticut Coordinates: NECTA New Haven Region South Central Region Settled 1638 Incorporated (city) 1784 Consolidated 1895 Government  - Type Mayor-board of aldermen  - Mayor John DeStefano, Jr. ... “Yale” redirects here. ... Goodman & Gilmans The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics is an American textbook of pharmacology. ...

Gilman graduated from Yale with his B.S. in 1962. He then entered a combined M.D./Ph.D. program at Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland, Ohio where he studied under Nobel laurate Earl Sutherland. Gilman graduated from Case Western in 1969, then did his post-doctoral studies at the National Institutes of Health with Nobel laurate Marshall Nirenberg from 1969 until 1971. In 1971 Dr. Gilman became a professor at the University of Virginia in Charlottesville, Virginia. In 1981, he became chairman of the Department of Pharmacology at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas. He was elected as a member of the National Academy of Sciences in 1986. In addition to the Nobel Prize, he won the Albert Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research in 1989. In 2005, he was elected as Dean of University of Texas Southwestern Medical School in Dallas,Texas. He also serves on the board of advisors of Scientists and Engineers for America, an organization focused on promoting sound science in American government. Case Western Reserve University is a private research university located in Cleveland, Ohio, United States, with some residence halls on the south end of campus located in Cleveland Heights. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... Earl Wilbur Sutherland Jr. ... The National Institutes of Health (NIH) is the primary agency of the United States government responsible for medical research. ... Marshall Nirenberg won a Nobel Prize in 1968 Marshall Warren Nirenberg (born April 10, 1927) was a U.S. biochemist and geneticist. ... The University of Virginia (also called U.Va. ... Nickname: C-Ville Location in the Commonwealth of Virginia Coordinates: Country United States State Virginia County Albemarle County Founded 1762  - Mayor David E. Brown Area    - City 26. ... The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas (also known as “Southwestern”) is one of the leading medical research facilities in the United States. ... President Harding and the National Academy of Sciences at the White House, Washington, DC, April 1921 The National Academy of Sciences (NAS) is a corporation in the United States whose members serve pro bono as advisers to the nation on science, engineering, and medicine. ... The Albert Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research is awarded by the Lasker Foundation for the understanding, diagnosis, prevention, treatment, and cure of disease. ... Aerial photo of Southwestern Campus The University of Texas Southwestern Medical School is a prestigious public medical school in Dallas,Texas. ... Dallas redirects here. ... Official language(s) No Official Language See languages of Texas Capital Austin Largest city Houston Area  Ranked 2nd  - Total 261,797 sq mi (678,051 km²)  - Width 773 miles (1,244 km)  - Length 790 miles (1,270 km)  - % water 2. ... Scientists and Engineers for America (SEA) is an organization focused on promoting sound science in American government, and supporting candidates who understand science and its applications. ...

Al Gilman continues to be despised by the UT Southwestern student body and abhorred by the faculty who are too scared to speak against him for fear of reprisal. His overall approval rating is currently 22%, an all time low for any Dean of the medical school in its 63 year history. Send your comments to Alfred.Gilman@Utsouthwestern.edu .

Key Papers

Norepinephrine stimulated increase of cyclic AMP levels in developing mouse brain cell cultures. Science. 1971 Oct 15;174(6):292. PMID 4330303.

Regulation of adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate metabolism in cultured neuroblastoma cells. Nature. 1971 Dec 10;234(5328):356-8. PMID 4332686.

Fluorescent modification of adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate: spectroscopic properties and activity in enzyme systems. Science. 1972 Jul 21;177(45):279-80. PMID 4339302.

The regulatory component of adenylate cyclase. Purification and properties. J Biol Chem. 1981 Nov 25;256(22):11517-26. PMID 6271754.

The regulatory component of adenylate cyclase. Purification and properties of the turkey erythrocyte protein. J Biol Chem. 1981 Dec 25;256(24):12911-9. PMID 6273414.

Requirements for cholera toxin-dependent ADP-ribosylation of the purified regulatory component of adenylate cyclase. J Biol Chem. 1982 Jan 10;257(1):20-3. PMID 6273425.

The guanine nucleotide activating site of the regulatory component of adenylate cyclase. Identification by ligand binding. J Biol Chem. 1982 Oct 10;257(19):11416-23. PMID 6288684.

The regulatory components of adenylate cyclase and transducin. A family of structurally homologous guanine nucleotide-binding proteins. J Biol Chem. 1983 Jun 10;258(11):7059-63. PMID 6304074.

The subunits of the stimulatory regulatory component of adenylate cyclase. Resolution, activity, and properties of the 35,000-dalton (beta) subunit. J Biol Chem. 1983 Sep 25;258(18):11361-8. PMID 6309843.

The subunits of the stimulatory regulatory component of adenylate cyclase. Resolution of the activated 45,000-dalton (alpha) subunit. J Biol Chem. 1983 Sep 25;258(18):11369-76. PMID 6309844.

Homologies between signal transducing G proteins and ras gene products. Science. 1984 Nov 16;226(4676):860-2. PMID 6436980.

G proteins and dual control of adenylate cyclase. Cell. 1984 Mar;36(3):577-9. PMID 6321035.

Inhibition of receptor-mediated release of arachidonic acid by pertussis toxin. Cell. 1984 Dec;39(2 Pt 1):301-8. PMID 6094010.

Molecular cloning of complementary DNA for the alpha subunit of the G protein that stimulates adenylate cyclase. Science. 1985 Sep 20;229(4719):1274-7. PMID 3839937.

Splice variants of the alpha subunit of the G protein Gs activate both adenylyl cyclase and calcium channels. Science. 1989 Feb 10;243(4892):804-7. PMID 2536957.

Adenylyl cyclase amino acid sequence: possible channel- or transporter-like structure. Science. 1989 Jun 30;244(4912):1558-64. PMID 2472670.

Type-specific regulation of adenylyl cyclase by G protein beta gamma subunits. Science. 1991 Dec 6;254(5037):1500-3. PMID 1962211.

Inhibition of adenylyl cyclase by Gi alpha. Science. 1993 Jul 9;261(5118):218-21. PMID 8327893.

Recombinant G-protein beta gamma-subunits activate the muscarinic-gated atrial potassium channel. Nature. 1994 Mar 17;368(6468):255-7. PMID 8145826.

Structures of active conformations of Gi alpha 1 and the mechanism of GTP hydrolysis. Science. 1994 Sep 2;265(5177):1405-12. PMID 8073283.

Construction of a soluble adenylyl cyclase activated by Gs alpha and forskolin. Science. 1995 Jun 23;268(5218):1769-72. PMID 7792604.

Tertiary and quaternary structural changes in Gi alpha 1 induced by GTP hydrolysis. Science. 1995 Nov 10;270(5238):954-60. PMID 7481799.

The structure of the G protein heterotrimer Gi alpha 1 beta 1 gamma 2. Cell. 1995 Dec 15;83(6):1047-58. PMID 8521505.

GAIP and RGS4 are GTPase-activating proteins for the Gi subfamily of G protein alpha subunits. Cell. 1996 Aug 9;86(3):445-52. PMID 8756726.

Crystal structure of the adenylyl cyclase activator Gsalpha. Science. 1997 Dec 12;278(5345):1943-7. PMID 9395396.

Crystal structure of the catalytic domains of adenylyl cyclase in a complex with Gsalpha.GTPgammaS. Science. 1997 Dec 12;278(5345):1907-16. PMID 9417641.

External link

  • Nobel Prize Autobiography



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