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Encyclopedia > Alfonso XII of Spain
Alfonso XII
King of Spain
Spanish Royalty
House of Bourbon

Philip V
Children
   Prince Louis
   Prince Ferdinand
   Prince Charles
   Infanta Mariana Victoria
   Infante Philip
Luis
Ferdinand VI
Charles III
Children
   Prince Charles
   Prince Ferdinand
Charles IV
Children
   Prince Ferdinand
   Infanta Carlota Joaquina
   Infante Carlos
Ferdinand VII
Children
   Princess Isabella
   Infanta Luisa Fernanda
Isabella II
Children
   Prince Alfonso
Alfonso XII
Children
   Infanta Maria
   Prince Alfonso
Alfonso XIII
Children
   Jaime de Borbòn, Duke of Segovia
   Juan, Count of Barcelona
Grandchildren
   Infanta Pilar
   Prince Juan Carlos
   Infanta Margarita
Juan Carlos I
Children
   Infanta Elena
   Infanta Cristina
   Felipe, Prince of Asturias
Grandchildren
   Infanta Leonor
Edit

Alfonso XII of Spain (November 28, 1857November 25, 1885), was king of Spain, reigning from 1875 to 1885, after a coup d'état restored the monarchy and ended the ephemeral First Spanish Republic. Image File history File links Alfonso_XII.png Source: [1] The two-dimensional work of art depicted in this image is in the public domain in the United States and in those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years. ... Image File history File links Alfonso_XII.png Source: [1] The two-dimensional work of art depicted in this image is in the public domain in the United States and in those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years. ... The House of Bourbon is an important European royal house. ... Spanish coat of arms; featuring the arms of Castile, León, Navarre, Aragon and Granada; with the fleur_de_lys of the Bourbons; surrounded by the Pillars of Hercules; crowned. ... King Philip V of Spain (December 19, 1683 – July 9, 1746) or Philippe of Anjou was king of Spain from 1700 to 1746, the first of the Bourbon dynasty in Spain. ... King Louis of Spain - Luis in Sp. ... Ferdinand VI, (September 23, 1713 - August 10, 1759), king of Spain from 1746 until his death, second son of Philip V, founder of the Spanish Bourbon dynasty (as opposed to the French Bourbons), by his first marriage with Maria Louisa of Savoy, was born at Madrid on September 23 1713. ... Charles III of Spain - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Marianne Victoria of Bourbon (March 31, 1718 - January 15, 1781) (in Portuguese Mariana Vitória, in Spanish Mariana Victoria) was the eldest daughter of Philip V of Spain and Elizabeth Farnese. ... Philip of Parma (March 15, 1720 - July 18, 1765) was duke of Parma from 1748 to 1765. ... King Louis of Spain - Luis in Sp. ... Ferdinand VI, (September 23, 1713 - August 10, 1759), king of Spain from 1746 until his death, second son of Philip V, founder of the Spanish Bourbon dynasty (as opposed to the French Bourbons), by his first marriage with Maria Louisa of Savoy, was born at Madrid on September 23 1713. ... Charles III of Spain - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Charles IV (November 11, 1748 - January 20, 1819) was King of Spain from December 14, 1788 until his abdication on March 19, 1808. ... King Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies (January 12, 1751 - January 4, 1825). ... Charles IV (November 11, 1748 - January 20, 1819) was King of Spain from December 14, 1788 until his abdication on March 19, 1808. ... Ferdinand VII (October 14, 1784 - September 29, 1833) was King of Spain from 1813 to 1833. ... Carlota Joaquina Teresa of Spain (25 April or May 1775 - 6 or 7 January 1830) was the eldest daughter of King Carlos IV of Spain (1748-1819) and his wife Maria Luisa of Parma (1751-1819). ... Infante Carlos of Spain Don Carlos María Isidro Benito de Borbón, Infante of Spain (1788-1855) was the second surviving son of King Charles IV of Spain and of his wife, Maria Louisa of Parma. ... Ferdinand VII (October 14, 1784 - September 29, 1833) was King of Spain from 1813 to 1833. ... Isabella II (October 10, 1830 – April 10, 1904), Isabel II in Spanish, was queen of Spain. ... Isabella II (October 10, 1830 – April 10, 1904), Isabel II in Spanish, was queen of Spain. ... Infanta dona Maria de las Mercedes of Spain (1880-1904), Princess of the Asturias, and for a period 1885-86 when she was five years old, the extant Head of the State of Spain, was born as Dona Maria de las Mercedes de Borbon y Asburgo-Lorena, eldest daughter of... Alfonso XIII of Spain (May 17, 1886 – February 28, 1941), King of Spain, posthumous son of Alfonso XII of Spain, was proclaimed King at his birth. ... Alfonso XIII of Spain (May 17, 1886 – February 28, 1941), King of Spain, posthumous son of Alfonso XII of Spain, was proclaimed King at his birth. ... HRH Don Jaime Luitpold Isabelino Enrique de Borbón y Battenberg, Infante of Spain, Duke of Segovia (June 23, 1908- March 20, 1975), was the second son of King Alfonso XIII of Spain and his wife Princess Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg. ... HRH Infante Don Juan of Spain, Count of Barcelona, Juan Carlos Teresa Silvestre Alfonso de Borbón y Battenberg (June 20, 1913 – April 1, 1993), was the fourth son and designated heir of King Alfonso XIII of Spain, the monarch replaced by the Second Spanish Republic, and father of King... HRH Infanta Doña Pilar de Borbón (María del Pilar Alfonsa Juana Victoria Luisa Ignacia de Todos los Santos de Borbón de Gomez-Acebo), Duchess of Badajoz, (born July 30, 1936) is the oldest daughter of Juan de Borbon, Count of Barcelona and Maria Mercedes Borbón... Juan Carlos I King of Spain King Juan Carlos I (Juan Carlos Alfonso Víctor María de Borbón y Borbón-Dos Sicilias), in English: John Charles I, (born January 5, 1938 in Rome, Italy), is the reigning King of Spain, after his grandfather Alfonso XIII. Two days... HRH Infanta Doña Margarita de Borbón, Margarita María de la Victoria Esperanza Jacoba Felicidad Perpetua de Todos los Santos de Borbón y Borbón, Duchess of Soria, 2nd Duchess of Hernani, (March 6, 1939) is the youngest daughter of Juan de Borbón, Count of Barcelona... Juan Carlos I King of Spain King Juan Carlos I (Juan Carlos Alfonso Víctor María de Borbón y Borbón-Dos Sicilias), in English: John Charles I, (born January 5, 1938 in Rome, Italy), is the reigning King of Spain, after his grandfather Alfonso XIII. Two days... Her Royal Highness, Infanta Elena, Duchess of Lugo (Elena María Isabel Dominica de los Silos de Borbón y de Grecia de Marichalar), styled HRH The Infanta Elena (born December 20, 1963, in Madrid), is the eldest daughter of King Juan Carlos and Queen Sofía, and third in... Her Royal Highness, The Infanta Cristina, Duchess of Palma de Mallorca (Cristina Federica Victoria Antonia de la Santísima Trinidad de Borbón y de Grecia), styled HRH The Infanta Cristina (born June 13, 1965), is the younger daughter of King Juan Carlos and Queen Sofía. ... HRH The Prince of Asturias Prince Felipe, Prince of Asturias (Felipe Juan Pablo Alfonso de Todos los Santos de Borbón y de Grecia; born January 30, 1968), is the third child of King Juan Carlos and Queen Sofía of Spain. ... The Infanta Leonor of Spain (Leonor de Todos los Santos de Borbón y Ortiz, in English: Eleanor), born 31 October 2005, in Madrid, is the first and only child of Felipe, the Prince of Asturias and his wife Princess Letizia, and thus second in the succession line to the... November 28 is the 332nd day (333rd on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1857 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... November 25 is the 329th (in leap years the 330th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1885 (MDCCCLXXXV) is a common year starting on Thursday. ... A coup détat (pronounced ), or simply a coup, is the sudden overthrow of a government against the volonté générale formed by the majority of the citizen, usually done by a smaller supposedly weaker body that just replaces the top power figures. ... Flag of the Spanish First Republic The First Spanish Republic lasted only two years, between 1873 and 1874. ...


He was son of Isabella II of Spain. His biological paternity is uncertain, though his legal paternity is not: his mother was married to her homosexual cousin Maria Fernando 'Francisco' de Asis, Infante, and king Consort of Spain, eldest son of the duke of Cadiz, at the time of Alfonso's conception and birth. Alfonso's biological father is said to have been Enrique Puig y Moltó, a captain of the guard, or General Serrano. Isabella II (October 10, 1830 – April 10, 1904), Isabel II in Spanish, was queen of Spain. ... Francisco Serrano y Dominguez (1810 - 1885) was Duke de la Torre, Spanish statesman and marshal. ...


When Queen Isabella and her husband were forced to leave Spain by the revolution of 1868, Alfonso accompanied them to Paris, and from there he was sent to the Theresianum at Vienna to continue his studies. On June 25, 1870 he was recalled to Paris, where his mother abdicated in his favour, in the presence of a number of Spanish nobles who had followed the fortunes of the exiled queen. He assumed the title of Alfonso XII; for although no king of united Spain had previously borne the name, the Spanish monarchy was regarded as continuous with the more ancient monarchy, represented by the eleven kings of León and Castile also named Alfonso. Shortly afterwards he proceeded to the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst in the United Kingdom, to continue his military studies, and while there he issued, on the December 1, 1874, in reply to a birthday greeting from his followers, a manifesto proclaiming himself the sole representative of the Spanish monarchy. At the end of the year, when Marshal Serrano left Madrid to take command of the northern army in the Carlist War, Brigadier Martinez Campos, who had long been working more or less openly for the king, carried off some battalions of the central army to Sagunto, rallied to his own flag the troops sent against him, and entered Valencia in the king's name. Thereupon the president of the council resigned, and the power was transferred to the king's plenipotentiary and adviser, Canovas del Castillo. In the course of a few days the king arrived at Madrid, passing through Barcelona and Valencia, and was received everywhere with acclamation (1875). In 1876 a vigorous campaign against the Carlists, in which the young king took part, resulted in the defeat of Don Carlos and his abandonment of the struggle. On January 23, 1878 Alfonso married his cousin, Princess Maria de las Mercedes, daughter of the duc de Montpensier, but she died within six months of her marriage. Towards the end of the same year a young workman of Tarragona, Juan Oliva Moncasi, fired at the king in Madrid. The Eiffel Tower has become a symbol of Paris throughout the world. ... Vienna (German: Wien [viːn]; Slovenian: Dunaj, Hungarian: Bécs, Czech: Vídeň, Slovak: Viedeň, Romany Vidnya; Croatian and Serbian: Beč) is the capital of Austria, and also one of the nine States of Austria. ... June 25 is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 189 days remaining. ... 1870 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... The city of León was founded by the Roman Seventh Legion (for unknown reasons always written as Legio Septima Gemina (twin seventh legion). It was the headquarters of that legion in the late empire and was a center for trade in gold which was mined at Las Médulas... Flag or Pendón de Castilla A former kingdom of Spain, Castile comprises the two regions of Old Castile in north-western Spain, and New Castile in the centre of the country. ... Alfonso (or Afonso, Affonso, Alphonso, Alphonse) - (English: Alphonzo) may refer to any of the following; // Kings of Portugal Afonso I of Portugal -- (1109-1185) the Conqueror (Afonso Henriques) Afonso II of Portugal -- (1185-1223) the Fat Afonso III of Portugal -- (1210-1279) Afonso IV of Portugal -- (1291-1357) Afonso V... The Royal Military Academy Sandhurst (commonly known as Sandhurst) is the British Army officer initial training centre. ... December 1 is the 335th (in leap years the 336th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1874 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Madrid is the capital and largest city in Spain, as well as in the province and the autonomous community of the same name. ... The Carlist Wars in Spain were the last major European civil wars in which pretenders fought to establish their claim to a throne. ... Arsenio Martínez Campos in his later years Arsenio Martínez Campos was a Spanish officer, who rose against the First Spanish Republic and was later Captain General of Cuba. ... Saguntum, now Sagunt, (Castilian Sagunto) is an ancient city in the fertile district of Camp de Morvedre in the province of Valencia in eastern Spain. ... The Hemispheric at the Ciutat de les Arts i les Ciències by Santiago Calatrava, Valencia, Spain. ... Antonio Cánovas del Castillo, Spanish statesman and historian Antonio Cánovas Del Castillo was a Spanish politician and historian ( Málaga, February 8, 1828 — Mondragón ( Guipúzcoa), August 8, 1897). ... Barcelona is the capital city of Catalonia and the second most populous city in Spain. ... Carlism was a conservative political movement in Spain, purporting to establish an alternative branch of the Bourbons in the Spanish throne. ... Infante Carlos of Spain Don Carlos María Isidro Benito de Borbón, Infante of Spain (1788-1855) was the second surviving son of King Charles IV of Spain and of his wife, Maria Louisa of Parma. ... January 23 is the 23rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1878 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... María de las Mercedes dOrléans y Borbón (24 June 1860 - 26 June 1878) was Queen consort of Spain, wife of Alfonso XII. She was born in Madrid, Spain, the daughter of Antoine dOrléans, duke of Montpensier and of Infanta Luisa Fernanda of Spain. ... A picture from the air Tarragona Ampitheatre Tarragona is a city located in the south of Catalonia, Spain, by the Mediterranean Sea. ...


On November 29, 1879 he married a much more distant relative, Archduchess Maria Christina of Austria, daughter of Archduke Karl Ferdinand of Austria. During the honeymoon a pastrycook named Otero fired at the young sovereigns as they were driving in Madrid. November 29 is the 333rd (in leap years the 334th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1879 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Her Imperial and Royal Highness Maria Christina, Princess Imperial, Archduchess of Austria, Princess Royal of Hungary and Bohemia (Maria Christina Désirée Henriette Felicitas Rainiera von Hapsburg, 21 July 1858–6 February 1929) was the second Queen consort of King Alfonso XII of Spain and was Queen Regent of...


The children of this marriage were Maria de las Mercedes, Princess of the Asturias, (September 11, 1880October 17, 1904), married on February 14, 1901 to Prince Carlos of Bourbon, and titular heiress from the death of her father until the posthumous birth of her brother; Maria Teresa, (November 12, 1882September 23, 1912), married to Prince Ferdinand of Bavaria on January 12, 1906; and King Alfonso who was king from the moment of his birth and thus never held any other Spanish titles from the crown, such as Infante or Prince of the Asturias. Infanta dona Maria de las Mercedes of Spain (1880–1904), Princess of the Asturias, for all 24 years of her life the Heiress Presumptive of the Spanish royal crown, and for a period 1885–1886, the extant Head of the State of Spain, was born as Dona Maria de las... September 11 is the 254th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (255th in leap years). ... 1880 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... October 17 is the 290th (in leap years the 291st) day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. ... 1904 (MCMIV) is a leap year starting on a Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... February 14 is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... November 12 is the 316th day of the year (317th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 49 days remaining. ... 1882 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... September 23 is the 266th day of the year (267th in leap years). ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... January 12 is the 12th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1906 (MCMVI) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Alfonso XIII of Spain (May 17, 1886 – February 28, 1941), King of Spain, posthumous son of Alfonso XII of Spain, was proclaimed King at his birth. ...


In 1881 the king refused to sanction the law by which the ministers were to remain in office for a fixed term of eighteen months, and upon the consequent resignation of Canovas del Castillo, he summoned Práxedes Mateo Sagasta, the Liberal leader, to form a cabinet. Práxedes Mateo Sagasta Práxedes Mateo Sagasta (1825-1903) born on July 21, 1825 at Torrecilla de Cameros was a Spanish politician who was president of the government in eight occasions between 1870 and 1902. ...


Alfonso died of tuberculosis. Tuberculosis (commonly shortened to TB) is an infection caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which most commonly affects the lungs (pulmonary TB) but can also affect the central nervous system (meningitis), lymphatic system, circulatory system (Miliary tuberculosis), genitourinary system, bones and joints. ...


Coming to the throne at such an early age, he had served no apprenticeship in the art of ruling, but he possessed great natural tact and a sound judgment ripened by the trials of exile. Benevolent and sympathetic in disposition, he won the affection of his people by fearlessly visiting the districts ravaged by cholera or devastated by earthquake in 1885. His capacity for dealing with men was considerable, and he never allowed himself to become the instrument of any particular party. In his short reign, peace was established both at home and abroad, the finances were well regulated, and the various administrative services were placed on a basis that afterwards enabled Spain to pass through the disastrous war with the United States without even the threat of a revolution. Global earthquake epicenters, 1963–1998 An earthquake is a sudden and sometimes catastrophic movement of a part of the Earths surface. ...

Monument to Alfonso XII in Parque del Retiro, Madrid.
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Monument to Alfonso XII in Parque del Retiro, Madrid.
House of Bourbon
Born: 28 November, 1857; Died: 25 November, 1885
First Republic
Title last held by
Amadeo I
King of Spain
18751885
Succeeded by:
Alfonso XIII

ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 335 KB) Monument to the king Alfonso XII. Parque del Retiro. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 335 KB) Monument to the king Alfonso XII. Parque del Retiro. ... Afonso XII Mausoleum Palacio de Cristal The Parque del Buen Retiro (Park of the Pleasant Retreat) is a large and popular, 140 hectare (350 acre) (1. ... Madrid is the capital and largest city in Spain, as well as in the province and the autonomous community of the same name. ... The House of Bourbon is an important European royal house. ... November 28 is the 332nd day (333rd on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... November 25 is the 329th (in leap years the 330th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Flag of the Spanish First Republic The First Spanish Republic lasted only two years, between 1873 and 1874. ... Amadeo I History of Spain series Prehistoric Spain Roman Spain Muslim Conquest of Iberia Timeline of Muslim Occupation Medieval Spain Age of Reconquest Age of Expansion Age of Enlightenment Reaction and Revolution First Spanish Republic The Restoration Second Spanish Republic Spanish Civil War The Dictatorship Modern Spain Topics Economic History... History of Spain series Prehistoric Spain Roman Spain Medieval Spain - Visigoths - Al-Andalus - Age of Reconquest Age of Expansion Age of Enlightenment Reaction and Revolution First Spanish Republic The Restoration Second Spanish Republic Spanish Civil War The Dictatorship Transition to Democracy Modern Spain Topics Economic History Military History Social History... 1875 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1885 (MDCCCLXXXV) is a common year starting on Thursday. ... Alfonso XIII of Spain (May 17, 1886 – February 28, 1941), King of Spain, posthumous son of Alfonso XII of Spain, was proclaimed King at his birth. ...

References

  • This article incorporates text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, a publication in the public domain.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Alfonso XII of Spain - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (691 words)
Alfonso XII of Spain (November 28, 1857–November 25, 1885), was king of Spain, reigning from 1875 to 1885, after a coup d'état restored the monarchy and ended the ephemeral First Spanish Republic.
Alfonso's biological father is said to have been Enrique Puig y Moltó, a captain of the guard, or General Serrano.
He assumed the title of Alfonso XII; for although no king of united Spain had previously borne the name, the Spanish monarchy was regarded as continuous with the more ancient monarchy, represented by the eleven kings of León and Castile also named Alfonso.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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