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Encyclopedia > Alfonso XI of Castile

Alfonso XI of Castile (August 13, 1312March 26/27, 1350) was the king of Castile and León, the son of Ferdinand IV of Castile and his wife Constance of Portugal. August 13 is the 225th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (226th in leap years), with 140 days remaining. ... Events June 15 : Battle near Rozgoni Battle near Thebes Siege of Rostock begins Births November 13 - King Edward III of England Deaths June 19 - Piers Gaveston, favourite of Edward II of England September 7 - King Ferdinand IV of Castile Categories: 1312 ... March 26 is the 85th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (86th in leap years). ... March 27 is the 86th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (87th in Leap years). ... Events 29 August - An English fleet personally commanded by King Edward III defeats a Spanish fleet in the battle of Les Espagnols sur Mer. ... Flag or Pendón de Castilla A former kingdom of Spain, Castile comprises the two regions of Old Castile in north-western Spain, and New Castile in the centre of the country. ... Categories: Spain geography stubs | Castile-Leon | Provinces of Spain ... Ferdinand IV, El Emplazado or the Summoned, (December 6, 1285 - September 7, 1312) was a king of Castile (1295 - 1312). ... Constance (Portuguese: Constança), Princess of Portugal was a daughter of Portuguese King Denis. ...


He is variously known among Castilian kings as the Avenger or the Implacable, and as "he of the Rio Salado." The first two names he earned by the ferocity with which he repressed the disorder of the nobles after a long minority; the third by his victory in battle of Rio Salado over the last formidable African invasion of Spain in 1340. Battle of Río Salado (October 30, 1340), was a united victory of Portugal King Afonso IV and Castilian King Alfonso XI over Muslim ruler Abu al-Hasan Ali of Marinid dynasty and Nasrid ruler Yusuf I. Categories: Spain-related stubs | Military stubs ... Events Europe has about 74 million inhabitants. ...


Alfonso XI never went to the insane lengths of his son Peter I of Castile, but he could be bloody in his methods. He killed for reasons of state without form of trial. He openly neglected his wife, Maria of Portugal (daughter of Afonso IV of Portugal), and had an ostentatious passion for Eleanor of Guzman, who bore him ten children (see her article for the full list). This set Peter an example which he did not fail to better. It may be that his early death, during the great plague of 1350, at the siege of Gibraltar, only averted a desperate struggle with Peter, though it was a misfortune in that it removed a ruler of eminent capacity, who understood his subjects well enough not to go too far. Pedro of Castile Peter I (August 30, 1334 – March 23, 1369; Spanish: Pedro I), sometimes known as Peter the Cruel or Peter the Lawful was the king of Castile from 1350 to 1369. ... Maria (English: Mary), Princess of Portugal was the first daughter of Portuguese King Afonso IV. She was born in 1313 and became Queen of Castile by marriage to Alfonso XI in 1328. ... Afonso IV of Portugal (English Alphonzo), or Affonso (Archaic Portuguese), Alfonso or Alphonso (Portuguese-Galician) or Alphonsus (Latin), (February 8, 1291 – May 28, 1357), known as the Brave (Port. ... Eleanor of Guzman (b. ...


Reference

Preceded by:
Ferdinand IV
King of Castile
1312–1350
Succeeded by:
Peter I

  Results from FactBites:
 
Alfonso XI of Castile - Biocrawler (177 words)
Alfonso XI of Castile (August 13, 1311 - March 26/27, 1350) was the king of Castile and León, the son of Ferdinand IV of Castile.
Alfonso XI never went to the insane lengths of his son Peter I of Castile, but he could be bloody in his methods.
It may be that his early death, during the great plague of 1350, at the siege of Gibraltar, only averted a desperate struggle with his legitimate son, though it was a misfortune in that it removed a ruler of eminent capacity, who understood his subjects well enough not to go too far.
Untitled Document (11423 words)
Alfonso XI didn’t divert troops to the Portuguese border: the intervention of troops from the bishopric of Jaén and the Council of Seville was enough to defeat the Portuguese at Villanueva de Barcarrota and force Alfonso IV to raise his siege of Jaén.
Alfonso IV intervened in the war against Islam, which was surrounded with the solemn atmosphere of a crusade, only after his own daughter and son-in-law came to Portugal and begged him to.
Alfonso V decided to intervene in Castile in defense of the eventual rights of his niece, Juana, the Excellent Lady, who was by then engaged to be married.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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