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Encyclopedia > Alexios II Komnenos

Alexios II Komnenos or Alexius II Comnenus (Greek: Αλέχιος Β’ Κομνηνός, Alexios II Komnēnos) (14 September 1169 – October 1183, Constantinople), Byzantine emperor (1180-1183), was the son of Emperor Manuel I Komnenos and Maria, daughter of Raymond, prince of Antioch.[1] He was the long-awaited male heir, and was named Alexius as a fulfilment of the AIMA prophecy. is the 257th day of the year (258th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Nur ad-Din invades Egypt, and his nephew Saladin becomes the sultan over the territory conquered by Nur ad-Din. ... Events Three-year old Emperor Go-Toba ascends to the throne of Japan after the forced abdication of his brother Antoku during the Genpei War William of Tyre excommunicated by the newly appointed Heraclius of Jerusalem, firmly ending their struggle for power Andronicus I Comnenus becomes the Byzantine emperor Births... This article is about the city before the Fall of Constantinople (1453). ... This is a list of Byzantine Emperors. ... Events April 13 - Frederick Barbarossa issues the Gelnhausen Charter November 18 - France Emperor Antoku succeds Emperor Takakura as emperor of Japan Afonso I of Portugal is taken prisoner by Ferdinand II of Leon Artois is annexed by France Prince Mochihito amasses a large army and instigates the Genpei War between... Events Three-year old Emperor Go-Toba ascends to the throne of Japan after the forced abdication of his brother Antoku during the Genpei War William of Tyre excommunicated by the newly appointed Heraclius of Jerusalem, firmly ending their struggle for power Andronicus I Comnenus becomes the Byzantine emperor Births... For the eldest son of Andronikos I Komnenos and father of Alexios I of Trebizond, see Manuel Komnenos (born 1145). ... Maria of Antioch (1145-1182) was the daughter of Constance of Antioch and her first husband Raymond of Poitiers. ... Raymond of Poitiers (c. ... The Principality of Antioch in the context of the other states of the Near East in 1135 AD. The Principality of Antioch, including parts of modern-day Turkey and Syria, was one of the crusader states created during the First Crusade. ... The AIMA prophecy was a prophecy current during the reign of the Byzantine emperor, Manuel I Comnenus. ...

Contents

His reign and death

On Manuel's death in 1180, Maria, who became a nun under the name Xene ("foreigner"), took the position of regent (according to some historians). She excluded her young son from power, entrusting it instead to Alexios the prōtosebastos (a cousin of Alexios II), who was popularly believed to be her lover. Friends of the young Alexios II now tried to form a party against the empress mother and the prōtosebastos; Alexios II's half-sister Maria, wife of Caesar John (Renier of Montferrat), stirred up riots in the streets of the capital. Events April 13 - Frederick Barbarossa issues the Gelnhausen Charter November 18 - France Emperor Antoku succeds Emperor Takakura as emperor of Japan Afonso I of Portugal is taken prisoner by Ferdinand II of Leon Artois is annexed by France Prince Mochihito amasses a large army and instigates the Genpei War between... Painting of Emperor Basil II, exemplifying the Imperial Crown handed down by Angels. ... Renier of Montferrat (1162–1183) was the fifth son of William III of Montferrat. ...


Their party was defeated (May 2, 1182), but Andronikos Komnenos, a first cousin of the late Emperor Manuel, took advantage of these disorders to aim at the crown, entered Constantinople, where he was received with almost divine honours, and overthrew the government. His arrival was celebrated by a massacre of 80,000 Latins in Constantinople, especially the Venetian merchants, which he made no attempt to stop. He allowed Alexios II to be crowned, but was responsible for the death of most of the young emperor's actual or potential defenders, including his mother, his half-sister and the Caesar, and refused to allow him the smallest voice in public affairs. May 2 is the 122nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (123rd in leap years). ... Events Canute VI crowned king of Denmark. ... Billon trachy (a cup-shaped coin) of Andronikos I Komnenos (1183-1185) Andronikos I Komnenos or Andronicus I Comnenus (Greek: Ανδρόνικος Α’ Κομνηνός, Andronikos I Komnēnos) (c. ... For other uses, see Venice (disambiguation). ...


The betrothal in 1180 of Alexios II to Agnes of France, daughter of Louis VII of France and his third wife Adèle of Champagne and at the time a child of nine, had not apparently been followed by their marriage. Andronikos was now formally proclaimed as co-emperor, and not long afterwards, on the pretext that divided rule was injurious to the Empire, he caused Alexios II to be strangled with a bow-string (October 1183). During Alexius II's reign, the Byzantine Empire lost Syrmia, Bosnia, and Croatia to the Kingdom of Hungary in AD 1181. Then Dalmatia was lost to the Venetians and some territories in western Asia Minor to the Seljuk Sultanate of Rum in AD 1182, including the cities of Cotyaeum and Sozopolis. Agnes of France (1171 - after 1207) was a daughter of Louis VII of France by his third wife Adèle of Champagne. ... Louis VII the Younger (French: Louis VII le Jeune) (1120 – September 18, 1180) was King of France from 1137 to 1180. ... Adèle de Champagne (c. ... Map of the Syrmia region Syrmia (Serbian: Srem (Cyrillic: Срем), Croatian: Srijem) is a fertile region of the Pannonian plain in Europe, between the Danube and Sava rivers. ... This article is about a geographic region of Bosnia. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Dalmatia, highlighted, on a map of Croatia. ... Kütahya is a city in western Turkey with 170,000 inhabitants (2004 estimate), lying on the Porsuk river, at 930 metres above sea level. ... Sozopolis can refer to the following Ancient sites: Sozopolis, Thrace in modern ?Bulgaria Sozopolis, Pisidia in Asia Minor (modern Anatolia, in Turkey) Category: ...


Portrayal in fiction

Alexios is a character in the historical novel Agnes of France (1980) by Greek writer Kostas Kyriazis. The novel describes the events of the reigns of Manuel I, Alexios II and Andronikos I through the eyes of Agnes. Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ...


Notes

  1. ^ An alternative date of birth occasionally given is 1168 (van Dieten 1975, p. 169), based on William of Tyre's statement that Alexios was 13 in 1180. For discussion, concluding that 14 September 1169 is correct, see (Wirth 1956); (Magoulias 1984, p. 383).

William of Tyre (c. ... is the 257th day of the year (258th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Nur ad-Din invades Egypt, and his nephew Saladin becomes the sultan over the territory conquered by Nur ad-Din. ...

References

  • The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium, Oxford University Press, 1991.
  • Magdalino, Paul, The Empire of Manuel I Komnenos, 1993.
  • Magoulias, Harry J., translator (1984), O city of Byzantium: annals of Niketas Choniates, Detroit: Wayne State University Press, ISBN 0814317642
  • van Dieten, J. L., editor (1975), Nicetae Choniatae historia, Berlin: De Gruyter
  • Wirth, Peter (1956), "Wann wurde Kaiser Alexios II. geboren? [When was Emperor Alexios II born?]", Byzantinische Zeitschrift 49: 65-67
  • This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition article "Alexius II", a publication now in the public domain.
Alexios II Komnenos
Komnenid dynasty
Born: 14 September 1169 Died: October 1183
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Manuel I Komnenos
Byzantine Emperor
1180–1183
Succeeded by
Andronikos I Komnenos

 
 

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