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Encyclopedia > Alexander J. Dallas (statesman)
Dallas, as portrayed in an 1881 copy of a Gilbert Stuart painting
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Dallas, as portrayed in an 1881 copy of a Gilbert Stuart painting

Alexander James Dallas (June 21, 1759January 16, 1817) was an American statesman who served as the U.S. Treasury Secretary under President James Madison. Gilbert Charles Stuart (né Stewart) (December 3, 1755 - July 9, 1828) was an American painter. ... June 21 is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 193 days remaining. ... 1759 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... January 16 is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1817 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... John W. Snow, the current Secretary of the Treasury. ... The President of the United States (often abbreviated POTUS) is the head of state of the United States. ... James Madison (March 16, 1751 – June 28, 1836) was the fourth (1809–1817) President of the United States. ...


Dallas was born in Kingston, Jamaica to Dr. Robert Charles Dallas (1710 – 1769) and Sarah Elizabeth (Cormack) Hewitt. When he was five his family moved to Edinburgh (his father was a Scotsman) and then to London. There he studied under James Elphinston. He planned to study law, but was unable to afford it. He married Arabella Maria Smith of Pennsylvania, the daughter of Maj. George Smith of the British Army and Arabella Barlow (in turn the daughter of the Rev. William Barlow and Arabella Trevanion, the daughter of Sir Nicholas Trevanion), in 1780 and the next year they moved to Jamaica. There he was admitted to the bar through his father's connections. Maria's health suffered in Jamaica and they moved to Philadelphia in 1783. Dallas was admitted to the Pennsylvania bar in 1785. His law practice was slow and on the side he edited the Pennsylvania Herald from 1787 to 1788 and the Columbian Magazine from 1787 to 1789. Location of Kingston Kingston (population 600,000) is the capital of Jamaica. ... Edinburghs location in Scotland Edinburgh viewed from Arthurs Seat. ... London is the capital city of the United Kingdom and of England. ... 1780 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Independence Hall, as it appears today. ... 1783 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... State nickname: The Keystone State Other U.S. States Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Governor Ed Rendell (D) Senators Arlen Specter (R) Rick Santorum (R) Official language(s) None Area 119,283 km² (33rd)  - Land 116,074 km²  - Water 3,208 km² (2. ... 1785 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1787 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1788 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1787 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1789 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...


When the United States Supreme Court came to Philadelphia in 1791, he would become their first reporter of decisions. Because the post of reporter was an unofficial one, Dallas did his work from his own funds. The volumes, of which he produced only four, were faulted for being incomplete, inaccurate, and extremely tardy. For example, the landmark ruling in Chisholm v. Georgia (1793) which prompted the Eleventh Amendment, was not reported by Dallas until five years later, well after the Amendment had been ratified. When he abandoned reporting of decisions when the Court moved to the new capital, Washington, D.C., he declared "I have found such miserable encouragement for my reports that I have determined to call them all in, and devote them to the rats in the State-House." The Supreme Court Building, Washington, D.C. The Supreme Court Building, Washington, D.C., (large image) The Supreme Court of the United States, located in Washington, D.C., is the highest court (see supreme court) in the United States; that is, it has ultimate judicial authority within the United States... 1791 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Seal of the Supreme Court The Reporter of Decisions of the United States Supreme Court is the official charged with editing and publishing the Courts decisions both when announced and in the bound volumes of the United States Reports. ... {| cellpadding=2 cellspacing=0 border=1 align=right style=margin-left: 0. ... 1793 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Amendment XI (the Eleventh Amendment) of the United States Constitution was passed by the US Congress on March 4, 1794 and was ratified on February 7, 1795. ... Washington, D.C. is the capital city of the United States of America. ...


Governor Thomas Mifflin named Dallas secretary of the commonwealth, a post he held from 1791 to 1801. Because Mifflin was a drunkard, Dallas functioned as de facto governor for much of the late 1790s. Dallas helped found the Democratic Republican party in Pennsylvania and advocated a strict construction of the new Constitution. Thomas Mifflin , John Singleton Copley, 1773. ... 1791 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1801 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Events and Trends French Revolution ( 1789 - 1799). ... The Democratic-Republican party was a United States political party, which evolved early in the history of the United States. ... State nickname: The Keystone State Other U.S. States Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Governor Ed Rendell (D) Senators Arlen Specter (R) Rick Santorum (R) Official language(s) None Area 119,283 km² (33rd)  - Land 116,074 km²  - Water 3,208 km² (2. ...


In 1801, he was named United States Attorney for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania and served until 1814. When his friend Albert Gallatin was treasury secretary when the War of 1812 began, he helped Gallatin obtain funds to fight Britain. The war nearly bankrupted the country by the time Dallas replaced Gallatin as treasury secretary. Dallas reorganized the Treasury Department, brought the government budget back into surplus, championed the creation of the Second Bank of the United States, and put the nation back on the specie system. From March 14, 1815 to December 1815 he was acting Secretary of War and for a time that year was acting Secretary of State as well. He returned to Philadelphia, but lived only a year. 1801 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... The United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania is one of the original 13 federal judiciary districts created by the Judiciary Act of 1789, and originally sat in Independence Hall in Philadelphia as the U.S. District Court for the District of Pennsylvania. ... 1814 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Albert Gallatin Abraham Alfonse Albert Gallatin (January 29, 1761–August 12, 1849) was an American politician, diplomat, and Secretary of the Treasury. ... The United States Secretary of the Treasury is the finance minister of the Federal Government of the United States. ... The War of 1812 was a conflict fought on land in North America and at sea around the world between the United States and United Kingdom from 1812 to 1815. ... The United States Department of the Treasury is a Cabinet department, a treasury, of the United States government established by an Act of U.S. Congress in 1789 to manage the revenue of the United States government. ... The Second Bank of the United States was founded in 1816, five years after the expiration of the First Bank of the United States out of desperation to stabilize the currency. ... A commodity metal, historically gold and silver, backing money or currency. ... March 14 is the 73rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (74th in Leap years) with 292 days remaining in the year. ... The Battle of New Orleans 1815 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... The Battle of New Orleans 1815 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... The Secretary of War was a member of the Presidents Cabinet, beginning with George Washingtons administration. ... The Seal of the United States Department of State The United States Secretary of State is the head of the United States Department of State, concerned with foreign affairs. ...


He was a member of the American Philosophical Society from 1791 and a trustee of the University of Pennsylvania. The American Philosophical Society, founded in 1743 by Benjamin Franklin, continues to operate to this day. ... 1791 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... The University of Pennsylvania (commonly referred to as Penn or UPenn, although the former is the preferred and recognized nickname of the University) is a private, nonsectarian, research university located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ...


Dallas County, Alabama is named for him, and Fort Dallas in Florida and the U.S. Navy ship USS Dallas (DD-199) was named after his son, Alexander J. Dallas, who died during his Navy service. Dallas County is a county of the State of Alabama. ... Fort Dallas circa 1930 photo from Florida Photographic Collection Fort Dallas was established on the plantation of William English in 1836 as an United States military post and cantonment in southern Florida during the Seminole Wars. ... State nickname: Sunshine State Other U.S. States Capital Tallahassee Largest city Jacksonville Governor Jeb Bush (R) Senators Bill Nelson (D) Mel Martinez (R) Official language(s) English Area 170,451 km² (22nd)  - Land 137,374 km²  - Water 30,486 km² (17. ... The second USS Dallas (DD-199) was a Clemson-class destroyer in the United States Navy during World War II. She was named for Alexander J. Dallas, and was later renamed Alexander Dallas. ...


His other son George Mifflin Dallas was Vice President under James K. Polk and one possible namesake of the Texas city; both his father and brother are other possible namesakes for Dallas, Texas. George Mifflin Dallas (July 10, 1792—December 31, 1864) was a U.S. Senator from Pennsylvania and the eleventh Vice President, serving under James K. Polk. ... The Vice President of the United States is the second-highest executive official of the United States government, the person who, in the words of Adlai Stevenson, is a heartbeat from the presidency. ... James Knox Polk (November 2, 1795–June 15, 1849) was the eleventh President of the United States, serving from March 4, 1845 to March 3, 1849. ... ... Aerial view of Dallas City nickname: Big D Location Location in the state of Texas Government Counties Dallas County Collin County Denton County Kaufman County Rockwall County Mayor Laura Miller Physical characteristics Area      Land      Water 385. ...

United States Secretaries of the Treasury Seal of the United States Department of the Treasury
Hamilton | Wolcott | Dexter | Gallatin | Campbell | Dallas | Crawford | Rush | Ingham | McLane | Duane | Taney | Woodbury | Ewing | Forward | Spencer | Bibb | Walker | Meredith | Corwin | Guthrie | Cobb | Thomas | Dix | Chase | Fessenden | McCulloch | Boutwell | Richardson | Bristow | Morrill | Sherman | Windom | Folger | Gresham | McCulloch | Manning | Fairchild | Windom | Foster | Carlisle | Gage | Shaw | Cortelyou | MacVeagh | McAdoo | Glass | Houston | Mellon | Mills | Woodin | Morgenthau | Vinson | Snyder | Humphrey | Anderson | Dillon | Fowler | Barr | Kennedy | Connally | Shultz | Simon | Blumenthal | Miller | Regan | Baker | Brady | Bentsen | Rubin | Summers | O'Neill | Snow
Preceded by:
None
Supreme Court of the United States Reporter of Decisions
17901800
Succeeded by:
William Cranch
Preceded by:
George W. Campbell
United States Secretary of the Treasury
18141816
Succeeded by:
William H. Crawford

 
 

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