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Encyclopedia > Alexander Gode

Alexander Gottfried Friedrich Gode-von-Aesch or simply Alexander Gode (October 30, 1906 in Bremen - August 10, 1970 in Mount Kisco, New York) was a German-American linguist, translator and the driving force behind the creation of the constructed language Interlingua. October 30 is the 303rd day of the year (304th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 62 days remaining. ... 1906 (MCMVI) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... The river Weser flows through Bremen to the estuary at Bremerhaven. ... August 10 is the 222nd day of the year (223rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1970 calendar). ... Mount Kisco is both a village and a town in Westchester County, New York, United States. ... The following is a list of linguists, those who study linguistics. ... Translation is an activity comprising the interpretation of the meaning of a text in one language—the source text—and the production of a new, equivalent text in another language—the target text, also called the translation. ... An artificial or constructed language (known colloquially as a conlang among aficionados), is a language whose phonology, grammar and vocabulary are specifically devised by an individual or small group, rather than having naturally evolved as part of a culture the way natural languages do. ... The constructed language Interlingua is an international auxiliary language (IAL) published in 1951 by the International Auxiliary Language Association (IALA). ...

Alexander Gode
Alexander Gode

Born to a German father and a Swiss mother, Gode studied at the University of Vienna and the University of Paris, before leaving for the U.S. and becoming a citizen there in 1927. There, he taught as an instructor at the University of Chicago as well as Columbia University; at the latter he received his Ph.D. in Germanic Studies in 1939. Image File history File links Alexander_Gode_at_desk. ... The University of Vienna (German: Universität Wien) in Austria was founded in 1365 by Rudolf IV, Duke of Austria and hence named Alma Mater Rudolphina. ... The Sorbonne, Paris, in a 17th century engraving The historic University of Paris (French: Université de Paris) first appeared in the second half of the 12th century, but was in 1970 reorganized as 13 autonomous universities (University of Paris I–XIII). ... 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... The University of Chicago is a private university located principally in the Hyde Park neighborhood of Chicago, Illinois. ... Columbia University is a private university in the Morningside Heights neighborhood of the Borough of Manhattan in New York City. ... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Gode became involved with the International Auxiliary Language Association (IALA) from 1933 on, but at first his work there was of an irregular nature. In 1936 the IALA began development on a new international auxiliary language and in 1939 Gode was hired to help for that purpose. The International Auxiliary Language Association that existed from 1924 to 1954 was a notable proponent of international auxiliary languages. ... 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... An international auxiliary language (sometimes abbreviated as IAL or auxlang) is a language used (or to be used in the future) for communication between people from different nations who do not share a common native language. ...


After AndrĂ© Martinet was brought in to head the research in 1946, both men's view would come into conflict as Gode considered Martinet to be trying to schematize the new language too much, similar to Occidental. Gode, however, was not interested in creating a new language as such with it being the product of some a-priori creativity; instead, he and the former director of research, Ezra Clark Stillman, wanted to register the "international vocabulary" as they saw it already existing (mostly in the Anglo-Romance languages); this was to be done (and was already being done before Martinet) by systematically extracting and modifying the words from the existing source languages in such a way that the latter could each be seen as a dialect with its own specific peculiarities. After Martinet resigned in 1948 over a salary dispute, Gode took up leadership and got full reign in implementing this vision. The result was Interlingua, the dictionary and the grammar of which were published in 1951. André Martinet (Saint-Alban-des-Villards, 12 April 1908 - Ch�tay-Malabry, 16 July 1999) was a French linguist who was influential for his work on structural linguistics. ... 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... The language Occidental, later Interlingue, is a planned language created by the Estonian naval officer and teacher Edgar de Wahl and published in 1922. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Romance languages in the world: Blue – French; Green – Spanish; Orange – Portuguese; Yellow – Italian; Red – Romanian The Romance languages, a major branch of the Indo-European language family, comprise all languages that descended from Latin, the language of the Roman Empire. ... 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1948 calendar). ... The constructed language Interlingua is an international auxiliary language (IAL) published in 1951 by the International Auxiliary Language Association (IALA). ... 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday; see its calendar. ...


In 1953 IALA disbanded, but Gode would continue to be involved with Interlingua right up to his death by translating scientific and medical texts to Interlingua; for this he would win awards from the American Medical Writers Association and the International Federation of Translators. 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link is to a full 1953 calendar). ... The American Medical Writers Association was founded in 1940 to help medical authors. ... The International Federation of Translators (FIT) is a worldwide organization, composed of the national translation organizations from over 60 countries. ...


He was one of the founders and first president of the American Translators Association. In his honor, this organization awards the Alexander Gode Medal "for outstanding service to the translation and interpreting professions". The American Translators Association (ATA) is the largest professional association representing translators and interpreters in the United States. ...


Alexander Gode died of cancer in hospital and was survived by a wife and two children.


Works

  • Natural Science in German Romanticism (1941)
  • Spanish at Sight (with Ezra Clark Stillman, 1943)
  • Portuguese at Sight (1943)
  • French at Sight (1945)
  • Interlingua-English Dictionary (as editor-in-chief, 1951)
  • Interlingua Grammar (with Hugh Edward Blair, 1951)
  • Paul Klee (as translator, written by Carola Giedion-Welcker, 1952)
  • Interlingua a Prime Vista (1954)
  • Homo Sonetticus Moorensis (1955)
  • Dece contos (1958)
  • On the Origin of Language (with John H Moran, 1966)
  • The Case Against Bertolt Brecht (as translator, written by Gerhard Szczesny, 1969)
  • Anthology of German Poetry Through the 19th Century - In English Translations with the German Originals (1972)

For the movie, see 1941 (film) 1941 (MCMXLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1941 calendar). ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1943 calendar). ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1943 calendar). ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday; see its calendar. ... 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday; see its calendar. ... 1952 (MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1966 calendar). ... 1969 (MCMLXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1969 calendar). ... 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ...

External links

  • Biographias - Alexander Gottfried Friedrich Gode-von Aesch - biography in Interlingua
  • November 1970 newsletter from the American Medical Writers Association - contains an obituary (in PDF format)
Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Alexander Gode

  Results from FactBites:
 
Reference.com/Encyclopedia/Alexander Gode (465 words)
Alexander Gottfried Friedrich Gode-von-Aesch or simply Alexander Gode (October 30, 1906 in Bremen - August 10, 1970 in Mount Kisco, New York) was a German-American linguist, translator and the driving force behind the creation of the constructed language Interlingua.
Gode became involved with the International Auxiliary Language Association (IALA) from 1933 on, but at first his work there was of an irregular nature.
In 1953 IALA disbanded, but Gode would continue to be involved with Interlingua right up to his death by translating scientific and medical texts to Interlingua; for this he would win awards from the American Medical Writers Association and the International Federation of Translators.
The Gode-Lapenna Debate (5430 words)
I am sure that Dr. Gode will agree that the problem is too complex to be dealt with by only two persons and that my proposal will not only serve to raise the level of the discussion but will also give to the entire matter the prestige which it requires.
With regard to the suggested debate between Dr. Gode and myself, I must confess that I never understood the matter as one according to which Dr. Gode and I would, as a consequence of the debate, agree that the areas of application of Interlingua and Esperanto are dissimilar and, consequently, not in competition.
Gode materializes as originally contemplated, I strongly feel that it would be to the distinct advantage of the international language movement and to the adherents of both Esperanto and Interlingua, if your letters, together with the letters of Dr. Gode and Mr.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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