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Encyclopedia > Alexander Afanasyev

Alexander Nikolayevich Afanasyev (Russian: Александр Николаевич Афанасьев) (11 July 182623 October 1871) was a Russian folklorist best known for his pioneering study and publication of Russian folktales. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... July 11 is the 192nd day (193rd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 173 days remaining. ... The oldest surviving photograph, Nicéphore Niépce, circa 1826 1826 (MDCCCXXVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... October 23 is the 296th day of the year (297th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1871 (MDCCCLXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Folkloristics is the formal academic study of folklore such as fairy tales and folk mythology in oral or non-literary traditions. ... Folklore is the ethnographic concept of the tales, legends, or superstitions current among a particular ethnic population, a part of the oral history of a particular culture. ...


He recorded and published over 600 Russian folktales and fairytales, by far the largest folktale collection by any one man in the world.[1] He is considered to be the Russian counterpart to the Brothers Grimm. His first collection was published in eight volumes from 1855-67. // Gustave Dorés illustration to the European fairy tale Little Red Riding Hood A fairy tale is a story featuring folkloric characters such as fairies, goblins, elves, trolls, giants, and others. ... Wilhelm (left) and Jacob Grimm (right) from an 1855 painting by Elisabeth Jerichau-Baumann The Brothers Grimm were Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm, German professors who were best known for publishing collections of folk tales and fairy tales,[1] and for their work in linguistics, relating to how the sounds in...

Contents

Life

He was educated at a gymnasium in Voronezh and studied law at Moscow university [2], in which he attended the lectures of Konstantin Kavelin and Timofey Granovsky. His burgeoning career as a professor of history was cut short by denounciation of his work on the part of Sergey Uvarov. He then turned his attention to journalism and brought out a series of articles about leading personalities of the literary life of the previous century, including Nikolay Novikov, Denis Fonvizin, and Antiokh Kantemir. Voronezh (Russian: ) is a large city in southwestern Russia, not far from Ukraine. ... Moscow State University campus M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University (Московский Государственный Университет име&#1085... Konstantin Dmitrievich Kavelin (Константин Дмитриевич Кавелин in Russian) (November 4, 1818 - May 5, 1885) was a Russian historian, jurist, and sociologist, sometimes called the chief architect of early Russian liberalism. ... Timofey Nikolayevich Granovsky (March 9, 1813 - October 4, 1855) was a founder of medieval studies in the Russian Empire. ... Uvarovs portrait by Orest Kiprensky, 1815. ... Portrait of Nikolay Novikov, by Dmitry Levitzky. ... Denis Fonvizin (1744?–92). ... Prince Antiokh Dmitrievich Kantemir (Антиох Дмитриевич Кантемир in Russian, Antioh Cantemir in Romanian, Antioche Cantemir in French; September 8, 1708—March 31, 1744) was a Moldavian-born Russian Enlightenment man of letters and diplomat. ...


Censured by the authorities for his contacts with Herzen and suffering from tuberculosis, Afanasyev ended his life in penury, forced to sell his library to enable himself to eat.[3] He died in Moscow aged 45. Alexander Herzen in 1867 Aleksandr Ivanovich Herzen (Алекса́ндр Ива́нович Ге́рцен) (April 6, 1812 - January 21, 1870) was a major Russian pro-Western writer and thinker known as... Tuberculosis (abbreviated as TB for Tubercle Bacillus) is a common and deadly infectious disease that is caused by mycobacteria, primarily Mycobacterium tuberculosis. ... Location Position of Moscow in Europe Government Country District Subdivision Russia Central Federal District Federal City Mayor Yuriy Luzhkov Geographical characteristics Area  - City 1,081 km² Population  - City (2007)    - Density 10,469,000   9684. ...


Work

Afanasyev collected many Russian folk tales throughout the course of his career. He is said to have become acquainted with folktales from local women in his home town of Bobrov. He was a famed folklorist who had truly hoped that the revival of the native Russian fairy tales would promote the triumph of the Russian language over the French language, which had been adopted by the Russian aristocracy. Bobrov (Russian: ), or Bobrova (feminine; Боброва) is a Russian last name and may refer to: People Alexander Bobrov (1850-1904), a Russian surgeon Vsevolod Bobrov (1922-1979), a Russian hockey and football player, trainer Yevgeni Bobrov (1867-1933), a Russian philosopher Places Bobrov, a town in Voronezh Oblast in Russia Category...


It was in the 1850s that Afanasiev finally found his vocation in folklore studies. His first scholarly articles - The Wizards and Witches, Sorcery in the Ancient Rus, Pagan Legends about the Buyan Island - drew heavily upon the so-called Mythological school that treated folklore as a mine of information for the study of more ancient pagan mythology. His definitive work on the subject - The Poetic Outlook on Nature by the Slavs - was published in three volumes between 1865 and 1869. In such an interpretation, he regarded the fairy tale Vasilissa the Beautiful as depicting the conflict between the sunlight (Vasilissa), the storm (her stepmother), and dark clouds (her stepsisters).[4] // Production of steel revolutionized by invention of the Bessemer process Benjamin Silliman fractionates petroleum by distillation for the first time First transatlantic telegraph cable laid First safety elevator installed by Elisha Otis Railroads begin to supplant canals in the United States as a primary means of transporting goods. ... Buyan Island, by Ivan Bilibin. ... Ivan Bilibins illustration of the red rider from Vasilissa the Beautiful. ...


In the course of his studies of the Russian folklore Afanasyev amassed a collection of more than 600 Russian folktales - some of them contributed by Vladimir Dahl, others taken from the archives of the Russian Geographical Society and grouped by Afanasiev according to their themes, imagery, and style. He owes his prominent place in the history of Slavonic philology chiefly to Narodnye russkie skazki (Russian Fairy Tales), eight volumes of these tales that he modelled on the famous collection of the Brothers Grimm and published between 1855 and 1863. Russian mythical heros See Ilya Muromets, Dobrynya Nikitich, Alyosha Popovich, Svyatogor, Nightingale the Robber, Bogatyr, Bylina Spirits See Koschei, Baba Yaga, Leshiy, Domovoi Categories: Russia-related stubs ... Dahls portrait by Perov Vladimir Ivanovich Dal (also: Dahl, Владимир Иванович Даль) (November 10, 1801 – September 22, 1872) was the greatest Russian lexicographer. ... The Russian Geographical Society is a learned society, founded on 6 August 1845 in Saint Petersburg, Russia. ... Illustration by Ivan Bilibin to Vasilissa the Beautiful Narodnye russkie skazki, or Russian Fairy Tales, is a collection of Russian fairy tales, collected by Alexander Afanasyev and published by him between 1855 and 1863. ... Wilhelm (left) and Jacob Grimm (right) from an 1855 painting by Elisabeth Jerichau-Baumann The Brothers Grimm were Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm, German professors who were best known for publishing collections of folk tales and fairy tales,[1] and for their work in linguistics, relating to how the sounds in...


Afanasyev wrote other editions which included: Russian Fairy Tales for Children which included animal, magic and humorous tales from his collection that were suitable to children, Russian Folk Legends which was banned due to the harsh censorship in Tsarist Russia (the church thought the collection was blasphemous), and Russian Forbiden Tales which were the unprintable tales from Russia that were anonymously published in Switzerland. [5] These tales were “obscene and anticlerical” and the tsar had censored them from being published in Russia. [6] These tales were obscene because peasants were portrayed as swearing and abusing their wives.[7]


Significance

Prior to Afanasyev's works in the 1850s, only a few attempts had ever been made to record or study the folk beliefs of peasant Russia. Though a written Russian language (Church Slavonic) had existed since the 10th century, it was used almost solely by the church and only for parochial written works. It was not until the 18th and 19th centuries that a written tradition began to develop in the vernacular Russian. Thus, Afanasyev's collections made a highly valuable contribution to the dissemination and legitimization of Russian culture and folk belief. The influence of these folk tales can be seen in the works of some of Russia's greatest writers and poets, such as Dostoevsky, Tolstoy, and Chekhov, as well as in the works of many composers such as Tchaikovsky (The Sleeping Beauty, Swan Lake, The Nutcracker), Rimsky-Korsakov (Sadko, The Snow Maiden, The Golden Cockerel) and Stravinsky (The Firebird, Petrushka). [8] // Production of steel revolutionized by invention of the Bessemer process Benjamin Silliman fractionates petroleum by distillation for the first time First transatlantic telegraph cable laid First safety elevator installed by Elisha Otis Railroads begin to supplant canals in the United States as a primary means of transporting goods. ... Church Slavonic may refer to: Old Church Slavonic language Church Slavonic language This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 10th century was that century which lasted from 901 to 1000. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Fyodor Dostoevsky. ... Coat of arms of Count Leo Tolstoy This article is about the Tolstoy family; for the famous novelist, see Leo Tolstoy. ... Anton Chekhov, Russian writer Pavel Chekov, character in Star Trek Chekhov, town in Moscow Oblast, Russia Chekhov, town in Sakhalin Oblast, Russia Chekhovo, health resort in Bashkiria, Russia This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky (Russian Пётр Ильи́ч Чайко́вский, sometimes transliterated as Piotr, Anglicised as Peter Ilich), (May 7, 1840 – November 6, 1893 (N.S.); April 25, 1840 – October... The Apotheosis from the Kirov/Mariinsky Ballets reconstruction of Petipas original 1890 production of The Sleeping Beauty. ... Altynai Asylmuratova as Odette in the Kirov/Mariinsky Ballets production of Swan Lake, St. ... (left to right) Sergei Legat, as the Nutcracker, an unidentified child as a gingerbread soldier, and Lydia Rubtsova as Marianna in Vsevolozhskys costumes for the Ivanov/Petipa/Tchaikovsky The Nutcracker, St. ... Nikolay Andreyevich Rimsky-Korsakov (Russian: Никола́й Андре́евич Ри́мский-Ко́рсаков), also Nikolai, Nicolai, and Rimsky-Korsakoff, (March 18, 1844 &#8211... Sadko in the Underwater Kingdom, a painting by Ilya Repin (1876) Sadko (Садко in Russian, Sadko in transliteration) is an opera in seven scenes by Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov to a Russian libretto by the composer with assistance from Vladimir Belsky, Vladimir Stasov, and others. ... The Snow Maiden (дипломник in Russian, Snegurochka in transliteration) is an opera in four acts by Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov to a Russian libretto by the composer, based on the play by Alexandr Ostrovsky. ... The Golden Cockerel (Золотой Петушок in Russian, Zolotoy Petushok in transliteration) is an 1834 poem by Alexander Pushkin and an opera in three acts by Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov to a Russian libretto by Vladimir Ivanovich Belsky based on that poem. ... Igor Fyodorovitch Stravinsky () (June 17, 1882 – April 6, 1971) was a composer of modern classical music. ... The Firebird (French: LOiseau de feu; Russian: Жар-птица, Žar-ptica) is a 1910 ballet by Igor Stravinsky. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


References

  1. ^ Riordan, James. “Russian Fairy Tales and Their Collectors.” A Companion to the Fairy Tale. Ed. Hilda Ellis Davidson and Anna Chaudhri. Cambridge: D.S. Brewer, 2003. Page 221.
  2. ^ Zipes, Jack. Afanasyev, Aleksander. "The Oxford Companion to Fairy Tales." Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000.,
  3. ^ Maria Tatar, p 335, The Annotated Classic Fairy Tales, ISBN 0-393-05163-3
  4. ^ Maria Tatar, p 334, The Annotated Classic Fairy Tales, ISBN 0-393-05163-3
  5. ^ Zipes, Jack. Afanasyev, Aleksander. "The Oxford Companion to Fairy Tales." Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000.
  6. ^ Haney, Hack V. :Mr Afanasiev's Naughty Little Secrets: Russian Secret Tales." SEEFA Journal, Vol. III, No. 2, Fall 1998. 21 April 2007 <www.arts.ualberta.ca/SEEFA/ZAVETNYE.HTM>.
  7. ^ Haney, Hack V. :Mr Afanasiev's Naughty Little Secrets: Russian Secret Tales." SEEFA Journal, Vol. III, No. 2, Fall 1998. 21 April 2007 <www.arts.ualberta.ca/SEEFA/ZAVETNYE.HTM>.
  8. ^ Riordan, James. “Russian Fairy Tales and Their Collectors.” A Companion to the Fairy Tale. Ed. Hilda Ellis Davidson and Anna Chaudhri. Cambridge: D.S. Brewer, 2003. Page 219.

 
 

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