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Encyclopedia > Alexander's band
Alexander's band lies between the two rainbows.
Alexander's band lies between the two rainbows.
Ray paths of the primary rainbow
Ray paths of the primary rainbow
Ray paths of the secondary rainbow
Ray paths of the secondary rainbow
alexander's band

Alexander's band or Alexander's dark band is an optical phenomenon associated with rainbows which was named after Alexander of Aphrodisias who first described it. It occurs due to the deviation angles of the primary and secondary rainbows. Both bows exist due to an optical effect called the angle of minimum deviation. Light which is deviated at smaller angles than this can never reach the observer. Alexanders Ragtime Band is the name of a song by Irving Berlin. ... Image File history File links Regenbogen_(NASA). ... Image File history File links Regenbogen_(NASA). ... Plot of rays in a primary rainbow File links The following pages link to this file: Rainbow Categories: Images with unknown source ... Plot of rays in a primary rainbow File links The following pages link to this file: Rainbow Categories: Images with unknown source ... Plot of rays in a secondary rainbow File links The following pages link to this file: Rainbow Categories: Images with unknown source ... Plot of rays in a secondary rainbow File links The following pages link to this file: Rainbow Categories: Images with unknown source ... An optical phenomenon is any observable event which results from the interaction of light and matter. ... For other uses, see Rainbow (disambiguation). ... Alexander of Aphrodisias, a pupil of Aristocles of Messene, was the most celebrated of the Greek commentators on the writings of Aristotle. ...


The minimum deviation angle for the primary bow is about 140°. Light can be deviated up to 180°, causing it to be reflected right back to the observer. Light which is deviated at intermediate angles brightens the inside of the rainbow.


The minimum deviation angle for the secondary bow is about 230°. The fact that this angle is greater than 180° makes the secondary bow an inside-out version of the primary. Its colors are reversed, and light which is deviated at greater angles brightens the sky outside the bow.


Between the two bows lies an area of unlit sky referred to as Alexander's band. Light which is reflected by raindrops in this region of the sky cannot reach the observer, though it may contribute to a rainbow seen by another observer elsewhere.


External links

  • Atmospheric Optics: Rainbows - Explanations & images

 
 

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