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Encyclopedia > Alex Pacheco (activist)
Alex Pacheco

Alexander Fernando Pacheco (born August 1958) is an American animal rights activist. He is co-founder and former chairman of People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA), founder of All American Animals,[1] a member of the advisory board of the Sea Shepherd Conservation Society,[2] and the creator of 1-800-Save-a-Pet.com.[3] Image File history File links AlexPacheco(PETA). ... Animal liberation redirects here. ... People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals logo People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) is an animal rights organization based in the United States. ... Sea Shepherd flag flying on the RV Farley Mowat. ...


Pacheco first came to public attention in 1981 for his role in what became known as the Silver Spring monkeys case, a campaign to save 17 crab-eating macaques who were undergoing experiments in the Institute for Biological Research in Silver Spring, Maryland. Oliver Stone writes that the political campaign to save the monkeys and highlight their treatment gave birth to the animal rights movement in the United States. The Silver Spring monkeys were 17 monkeys kept in small wire cages inside the Institute of Behavioral Research in Silver Spring, Maryland, by Dr. Edward Taub, who was researching regeneration of severed nerves with a grant from the National Institute of Health (NIH). ... Binomial name Macaca fascicularis Raffles, 1821 The Crab-eating Macaque (Macaca fascicularis) is an arboreal macaque native to South-East Asia. ... Not to be confused with Silver Springs. ... William Oliver Stone (born September 15, 1946), known as Oliver Stone, is a three-time Academy Award winning film director and screenwriter. ... Animal rights is the viewpoint that many (non-human) animals have moral rights that prohibit humans from violating their basic interests. ...


The campaign began when Pacheco took a job as a volunteer at the Institute to learn more about animal research as part of his animal rights activism. Edward Taub, a psychologist, was engaged there in research that involved removing the sensory input from monkeys' limbs, then withholding food and subjecting them to electric shocks to force the animals to use the limbs they could not feel.[4][5] Largely because of the conditions in which the monkeys were kept, Pacheco reported Taub for violations of animal cruelty laws. Police raided the lab, seized the monkeys, and charged Taub with six counts of animal cruelty, the first such charges to be brought in the U.S. against a research scientist. He was convicted, but the convictions were later overturned as the result of a jurisdictional technicality.[6]


The resulting legal battle for custody of the monkeys reached the United States Supreme Court, the first animal-rights case to do so,[7] generating a large amount of publicity for PETA, and transforming it from what Ingrid Newkirk called "five people in a basement" into a national movement.[8] As a result of the case, the House of Representatives Subcommittee on Science, Research and Technology held hearings which led to the 1985 Animal Welfare Act,[9] and in 1986, changes in United States Public Health Service guidelines for animals used in animal research included a requirement that each institution seeking federal funding have an Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee whose job it is to oversee how laboratory animals within that institution are cared for.[6] The Supreme Court Building, Washington, D.C. The Supreme Court Building, Washington, D.C., (large image) The Supreme Court of the United States, located in Washington, D.C., is the highest court (see supreme court) in the United States; that is, it has ultimate judicial authority within the United States... PETAs president and co-founder Ingrid Newkirk Ingrid Newkirk (born July 11, 1949) is a British-born animal rights activist, author, and president of People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA), the worlds largest animal rights organization. ... Type Bicameral Speaker of the House of Representatives House Majority Leader Nancy Pelosi, (D) since January 4, 2007 Steny Hoyer, (D) since January 4, 2007 House Minority Leader John Boehner, (R) since January 4, 2007 Members 435 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party... Template:Higher standard // History of the United States Public Health Service The United States Public Health Service (PHS) was founded first by President John Adams in 1798 as a loose network of hospitals to support the health of American seamen. ... For other uses, see Animal testing (disambiguation). ... Institutional Animal Care and Use Committees are of central importance to the application of laws to animal research in the United States. ...

Contents

Early life

Pacheco was born in Joliet, Illinois, but moved to Mexico with his family when he was very young, where he was raised near the ocean with his siblings, Jimmy and Mary, by his Mexican father, a physician, and his mother, an American nurse.[10] Incorporated City in 1834. ...


Kathy Snow Guillermo writes in Monkey Business that Pacheco's early life was filled with animals. Bats lived in the rubber trees in his front yard, snakes slept behind nearby rocks, and fishermen regularly dragged dolphins out of the water onto the beach. Instead of animals being killed for food in slaughterhouses, pigs, oxen, chickens, and turkeys were frequently killed in front of him.[10] “Chiroptera” redirects here. ... Latex being collected from a wounded rubber tree The Pará rubber tree (Hevea brasiliensis) is a tree belonging to the family Euphorbiaceae. ... For other uses, see Snake (disambiguation). ... For the Batman villain, see Abattoir (comics). ...


The family left Mexico when Pacheco was in junior high, and moved between Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois. His interest in animals continued, and he would often buy turtles and birds from pet stores, and even a baby crab-eating macaque, whom he called Chi Chi, and who took to perching on his shoulder as he walked around the house.[10] Middle school (also known as intermediate school or junior high school) covers a period of education that straddles primary/elementary education and secondary education, serving as a bridge between the two. ... Binomial name Macaca fascicularis Raffles, 1821 The Crab-eating Macaque (Macaca fascicularis) is an arboreal macaque native to South-East Asia. ...


He attended Catholic university in Ohio, intending to enter the priesthood, but during a visit to Canada in his first year at university, he visited a friend who worked at a meat-packing plant. Despite his early exposure in Mexico to animals being killed for food, he was shocked by the sight of two men throwing a newborn calf, cut from the uterus of its slaughtered mother, into a dumpster. Later in the week, a friend gave him a copy of Peter Singer's Animal Liberation, and he returned to Ohio a vegetarian. His heart was no longer in becoming a priest, and he decided to attend Ohio State University instead, and to devote himself to helping what he called "other-than-human beings."[10] The Ministerial Priesthood in the Catholic Church includes both the orders of bishops and presbyters, which in Latin is sacerdos. ... Three Dumpsters A dumpster is a large waste receptacle designed to be emptied into garbage trucks. ... For other persons named Peter Singer, see Peter Singer (disambiguation). ... Animal Liberation: A New Ethics for Our Treatment of Animals is a book by Australian philosopher Peter Singer. ... The Ohio State University (OSU) is a coeducational public research university in the state of Ohio. ...


Early activism

At university, Pacheco organized campaigns against the use of leghold traps and castrating pigs and cattle without anesthetic. As Ohio is an agricultural state, his activism met with stiff opposition and the occasional anonymous telephone call threatening to blow his head off.[10] Bird trapping, tacuinum sanitatis casanatensis (XIV century) The activity of animal trapping has two separate but related meanings. ... Castration (also referred as: gelding, neutering, orchiectomy, orchidectomy, and oophorectomy) is any action, surgical, chemical, or otherwise, by which a male loses the functions of the testes or a female loses the functions of the ovaries. ... Anesthesia or anaesthesia (see spelling differences) has traditionally meant the condition of having the perception of pain and other sensations blocked. ...


In 1979, he attended a talk in Columbus by Cleveland Amory of Saturday Review, who was also the founder of the Fund for Animals, which ran the anti-whaling vessel, Sea Shepherd. He sought Amory out after the talk and begged to be allowed to volunteer, joining the ship for the summer in the engine room and as a deckhand, as it famously rammed and sank the Portuguese whaling ship, the Sierra.[10] Nickname: Location in the state of Ohio, USA Coordinates: , Country State Counties Franklin, Fairfield, Delaware Government  - Mayor Michael B. Coleman (D) Area  - City 212. ... Cleveland Amory with his cat Polar Bear Cleveland Amory (1917 - October 14, 1998) was an author who devoted his life to promoting animal rights. ... The crew of the oceanographic research vessel Princesse Alice, of Albert Grimaldi (later Prince Albert I of Monaco) pose while flensing a catch. ... Sea Shepherd flag flying on the RV Farley Mowat. ...


See also

PETAs president and co-founder Ingrid Newkirk Ingrid Newkirk (born July 11, 1949) is a British-born animal rights activist, author, and president of People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA), the worlds largest animal rights organization. ... People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals logo People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) is an animal rights organization based in the United States. ... The Silver Spring monkeys were 17 monkeys kept in small wire cages inside the Institute of Behavioral Research in Silver Spring, Maryland, by Dr. Edward Taub, who was researching regeneration of severed nerves with a grant from the National Institute of Health (NIH). ... Unnecessary Fuss is the name of a film produced by Ingrid Newkirk and Alex Pacheco of People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA), showing footage shot inside the University of Pennsylvanias Head Injury Clinic in Philadelphia, described by the university as the longest standing and most respected center...

Notes

  1. ^ All American Animals, accessed February 16, 2008.
  2. ^ "Board of Advisors, Alex Pacheco", Sea Shepherd Conservation Society.
  3. ^ 1-800-Save-a-Pet.com].
  4. ^ Johnson, David. "Review of The Mind and the Brain: Neuroplasticity and the Power of Mental Force", curledup.com, 2003.
  5. ^ Doidge, Norman. The Brain That Changes Itself. Viking Penguin 2007, p. 141.
  6. ^ a b Carlson, Peter. "The Strange Case of the Silver Spring Monkeys," The Washington Post magazine, February 24, 1991.
  7. ^ Newkirk, Ingrid. Free the Animals. Lantern, 2000.
  8. ^ Schwartz, Jeffrey and Begley, Sharon. The Mind and the Brain: Neuroplasticity and the Power of Mental Force. HarperCollins, 2002 p. 161.
  9. ^ Food Security Act of 1985 subtitle F
  10. ^ a b c d e f Guillermo, Kathy Snow. Monkey Business. National Press Books, 1993, pp. 30-33.

Further reading

Animal liberation redirects here. ... Nicolas Atwood is an American animal rights activist based in West Palm Beach, Florida. ... Greg Avery (born 1963), also known as Greg Jennings and Greg Harrison, is a British animal rights activist and co-founder of Stop Huntingdon Animal Cruelty (SHAC), an international campaign to force the closure of Huntingdon Life Sciences (HLS), a controversial animal-testing company with bases in Huntingdon, England, and... David Barbarash was the North American press officer for the Animal Liberation Front between 2000 and 2003. ... Rod Coronado Rodney Adam Coronado is an American eco-anarchist and animal rights activist who has been convicted of arson, conspiracy and other crimes in connection with his activism but now advocates non-violent action. ... Barry Horne Barry Horne was a British animal rights activist who died of kidney failure in Ronkswood Hospital, Worcester on November 5, 2001, following a series of four hunger strikes while serving an 18-year sentence for planting incendiary devices. ... Ronnie Lee is a British animal rights activist, and founder of the Animal Liberation Front. ... Keith Mann is a British animal-rights campaigner, believed to be a senior Animal Liberation Front activist. ... PETAs president and co-founder Ingrid Newkirk Ingrid Newkirk (born July 11, 1949) is a British-born animal rights activist, author, and president of People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA), the worlds largest animal rights organization. ... Jill Phipps Jill Phipps (January 15, 1964 – February 1, 1995) was a British animal rights activist. ... Henry Spira (June 19, 1927 – September 12, 1998) was a prominent animal rights activist, and architect of the movement in the United States to stop the use of animals in experiments. ... Andrew Tyler is the director of Animal Aid, the UKs second largest animal rights organization (after peta). ... Jerry Vlasak is a U.S. physician and prominent member of several controversial nonprofit organizations, including Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine and the Sea Shepherd Conservation Society. ... Paul Watson (born December 2, 1950) is the founder of the Sea Shepherd Conservation Society and is a significant, albeit controversial, figure in the environmental movement and the movement for animal rights. ... Robin Webb runs the Animal Liberation Press Office in the UK, which releases material to the media on behalf of animal rights activists operating as the Animal Liberation Front (ALF), the Animal Rights Militia (ARM), and the Justice Department. ... Image File history File links Olive_baboon1. ... Animal Aid logo Animal Aid is the United Kingdoms largest animal rights group and one of the longest established in the world, having been founded in 1977. ... The Animal Legal Defense Fund (ALDF) is an American non-profit animal rights law organization focused on protecting and advancing the interests of animals through the legal system. ... Beagles stolen by British ALF activists from a testing laboratory owned by the Boots Group. ... The Animal Liberation Front Supporters Group (ALFSG) is an organization that provides moral and financial support to people imprisoned for breaking the law in the name of animal rights, in particular Animal Liberation Front activists. ... The Animal Liberation Press Office was set up in October 1991 to relay information to the media about direct action undertaken by the Animal Liberation Front, the Animal Rights Militia, the Justice Department, and other radical animal-rights groups. ... The Animal Rights Militia (ARM) is a name used by animal-rights activists who are prepared to carry out acts of violence against human beings. ... The British Union for the Abolition of Vivisection is a pressure group based near Highbury Corner in North London, United Kingdom that campaigns peacefully against vivisection. ... The logo of The Great Ape Project, which aims to expand moral equality to great apes, and to foster greater understanding of them by humans. ... The Justice Department is a militant animal-rights organization, set up in Britain in 1993, and active there and in the United States. ... People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals logo People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) is an animal rights organization based in the United States. ... The Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine (PCRM) is a non-profit organization based in Washington, D.C., that promotes preventive medicine, conducts clinical research, and encourages higher standards for ethics and effectiveness in research. ... The Primate Freedom Project is a 501(c)3 not for profit grassroots abolitionist animal rights organization based in Atlanta, Georgia. ... Sea Shepherd flag flying on the RV Farley Mowat. ... The Southern Animal Rights Coalition (SARC) is an umbrella organisation for groups campaigning against animal abuse in southern England. ... SPEAK, the Voice for the Animals is a British animal rights campaign that aims to end animal experimentation and vivisection in the UK. Its current focus is opposition to a new animal testing center being built by Oxford University. ... A monkey inside Huntingdon Life Sciences in the United States. ... // Action for Animals [http://www. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Animal liberation redirects here. ... The Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act (ASPA) is a law passed by the U.K. parliament in 1986, which regulates the use of laboratory animals in the U.K. Fundamentally, actions that have the potential of causing pain, distress or lasting harm to animals are illegal in the U.K. under... For other uses, see Animal testing (disambiguation). ... A bile bear in Huizhou Farm, Vietnam. ... Bull attacking a matador Bullfighting or tauromachy (Spanish toreo, corrida de toros or tauromaquia; Portuguese corrida de touros or tauromaquia) is a blood sport that involves, most of the times, professional performers (matadores) who execute various formal moves with the goal of appearing graceful and confident, while masterful over the... Covance (NYSE: CVD), formerly Hazleton Laboratories, with headquarters in Princeton, New Jersey, is one of the worlds largest and most comprehensive drug development services companies, according to its own website, with annual revenues over $1 billion, global operations in 17 countries, and approximately 6,700 employees worldwide. ... The factual accuracy of part of this article is disputed. ... A mink farm in the United States Fur farming is the practice of breeding or raising certain types of animals for their fur. ... A Great Ape research ban, or severe restrictions on the use of non-human great apes in research, is currently in place in the Netherlands, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, Sweden, Germany and Japan, and has been proposed in Austria. ... Several greyhounds before a race. ... The term Green Scare, alluding to the Red Scares, periods of fear over communist infiltration of U.S. society, is a term popularized by environmental activists to refer to legal action by the U.S. government against the radical environmentalist movement. ... Horse-racing is an equestrian sporting activity which has been practiced over the centuries; the chariot races of Roman times were an early example, as was the contest of the steeds of the god Odin and the giant Hrungnir in Norse mythology. ... Horse slaughter is the practice of slaughtering horses for meat. ... This article is about the hunting of prey by human society. ... Huntingdon Life Sciences (HLS) is a contract animal-testing company founded in 1952 in England, now with facilities in Huntingdon, Cambridgeshire and Eye, Suffolk in the UK; New Jersey in the U.S.; and in Japan. ... The international trade in primates sees 32,000 wild-caught primates sold on the international market every year. ... The meat industry is the industrial aspect of agriculture. ... Nafovannys maternity clinic. ... Filmed by PETA, Covance primate-testing lab, Vienna, Virginia, 2004-5. ... Open rescue is a term for a form of direct action practiced by certain animal rights and animal welfare activists. ... Operation Backfire is an ongoing multi-agency criminal investigation, led by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), into destructive acts in the name of animal rights and environmental causes in the United States. ... A pet store or pet shop is a store at which one can purchase supplies for pets and, often, the pets themselves. ... Puppy mill — puppy farming in the United Kingdom and Australia—is a disparaging term for the practices of some dog breeders. ... Sericulture, or silk farming, is the rearing of silkworms for the production of raw silk. ... The relevance of particular information in (or previously in) this article or section is disputed. ... Veal is the meat of young calves (usually male) appreciated for its delicate taste and tender texture. ... Vegan redirects here. ... A variety of vegetarian food ingredients Vegetarianism is the practice of a diet that excludes all animal flesh, including poultry, game, fish, shellfish or crustacea, and slaughter by-products. ... The Brown Dog affair was a controversy and cause célèbre for a brief period in Edwardian England, from 1903 to 1910, and revolving around vivisection and a statue erected in memory of a dog killed in the cause of medical research. ... Britches after being removed from the laboratory by the Animal Liberation Front Britches was the name given by researchers to a stumptail macaque monkey who was born into a breeding colony at the University of California, Riverside in March 1985. ... A marmoset inside Cambridge University, filmed by BUAV The use of primates in experiments at Cambridge University is controversial, first coming to widespread public attention in the UK following undercover investigations lasting ten months in 1998 by the British Union for the Abolition of Vivisection (BUAV), the results of which... Harry Harlows pit of despair The pit of despair, or vertical chamber, was a device used in experiments conducted on rhesus macaque monkeys during the 1970s by American comparative psychologist Harry Harlow and his students at the University of Wisconsin. ... The Silver Spring monkeys were 17 monkeys kept in small wire cages inside the Institute of Behavioral Research in Silver Spring, Maryland, by Dr. Edward Taub, who was researching regeneration of severed nerves with a grant from the National Institute of Health (NIH). ... Unnecessary Fuss is the name of a film produced by Ingrid Newkirk and Alex Pacheco of People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA), showing footage shot inside the University of Pennsylvanias Head Injury Clinic in Philadelphia, described by the university as the longest standing and most respected center... Image:Steven best. ... Dr. Stephen Clark Stephen Richard Lyster Clark (born October 30, 1945) is a British philosopher and international authority on animal rights, currently professor of philosophy and Leverhulme Research Fellow at the University of Liverpool. ... Gary Lawrence Francione (1954) is an American law professor at Rutgers University. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... Tom Regan (born November 28, 1938 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania) is an American philosopher and animal-rights activist. ... Richard D. Ryder (born 1940) is a British psychologist who, after performing psychology experiments on animals, began to speak out against the practice, and became one of the pioneers of the modern animal liberation and animal rights movements. ... For other persons named Peter Singer, see Peter Singer (disambiguation). ... Steven M. Wise is the author of Though the Heavens May Fall, a book concerning the 18th century trial in England which led to the abolition of slavery. ... Animal Liberation: A New Ethics for Our Treatment of Animals is a book by Australian philosopher Peter Singer. ... Behind the Mask: The Story Of The People Who Risk Everything To Save Animals is a 2006 documentary film about the Animal Liberation Front. ... Earthlings is a 2005 multi-award winning documentary written, produced and directed by Shaun Monson and co-produced by Persia White. ... Arkangel is a British-based bi-annual animal liberation magazine, first published in the winter of 1989. ... Bite Back is a website that promotes the cause of the Animal Liberation Front (ALF). ... No Compromise is a San Francisco-based bi-annual animal liberation magazine, first published in the winter of 1989. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Alex Pacheco (activist) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (214 words)
Alex Pacheco is an American animal rights activist, a co-founder and former chairman of People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA).
Pacheco reported violations of animal cruelty laws, and police raided the lab and seized the monkeys.
The resulting legal cases, which eventually reached the United States Supreme Court, generated large amounts of publicity.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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