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Encyclopedia > Aleutian Islands
Aleutians seen from space
Aleutians seen from space

The Aleutian Islands (possibly from Chukchi aliat, "island") are a chain of more than 300 small volcanic islands forming an island arc in the Northern Pacific Ocean, occupying an area of 6,821 sq mi (17,666 km²) and extending about 1,200 mi (1,900 km) westward from the Alaska Peninsula toward the Kamchatka Peninsula. Crossing longitude 180°, they are the westernmost part of the United States (and technically also the easternmost; see Extreme points of the United States). Nearly all the archipelago is part of Alaska and usually considered as being in the "Alaskan Bush", but at the extreme western end the small, geologically-related, and remote Komandorski Islands, are in Russia. The islands, with their 57 volcanoes, are in the northern part of the Pacific Ring of Fire. The Alaska Marine Highway passes through the islands. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (639x639, 307 KB)A photograph of Atka Island, Amlia Island, and other parts of the Aleutian chain, Alaska. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (639x639, 307 KB)A photograph of Atka Island, Amlia Island, and other parts of the Aleutian chain, Alaska. ... The Chukchi language (лыгъоравэтлъан йилйил, lygoravetlan jiljil) also known as Luoravetlan, Chukot and Chukcha is a Palaeosiberian language spoken by ~10,400 people (2001) (Chukchi) in the easternmost extremity of Siberia, mainly in Chukotka Autonomous Okrug. ... An island arc is a type of archipelago formed by plate tectonics as one oceanic tectonic plate subducts under another and produces magma. ... Volcanoes on the Alaska Peninsula The Alaska Peninsula is a peninsula extending about 800 km (500 miles) to the southwest from the mainland of Alaska and ending in the Aleutian Islands. ... Kamchatka is the home of many volcanoes. ... This is a list of the extreme points of the United States, the points that are farther north, south, east, or west than any other location in the country. ... The Mergui Archipelago An archipelago is a landform which consists of a chain or cluster of islands. ... Official language(s) English Capital Juneau Largest city Anchorage Area  Ranked 1st  - Total 663,267 sq mi (1,717,855 km²)  - Width 808 miles (1,300 km)  - Length 1,479 miles (2,380 km)  - % water 13. ... The Bush is a cultural as well as geographic division of the state of Alaska in the United States. ... The Komandorski Islands or Commander Islands (Russian: ) are a group of treeless islands east of the Kamchatka Peninsula in the Russian Far East, in the Bering Sea. ... The Pacific Ring of Fire The Pacific Ring of Fire is a zone of frequent earthquakes and volcanic eruptions encircling the basin of the Pacific Ocean. ... The Alaska Marine Highway or the Alaska Marine Highway System (AMHS) is a ferry service that is operated by the government of the state of Alaska in the United States. ...

Contents

Geography

Unalaska Island in the Aleutian Islands
Unalaska Island in the Aleutian Islands

The islands, known before 1867 as the Catherine Archipelago, comprise five groups: the Fox, Islands of Four Mountains, Andreanof, Rat and Near island groups. They are all located between 52° and 55° N latitude and 172° E and 163° W longitude. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2210x1486, 1501 KB) Summary Aerial view of w:Unalaska, Alaska. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2210x1486, 1501 KB) Summary Aerial view of w:Unalaska, Alaska. ... Unalaska is an island in the Fox Islands group in the middle of the Aleutian Islands southwest of Alaska, at . ... The Fox Islands are a group of islands in the eastern Aleutian Islands of the U.S. state of Alaska. ... Islands of Four Mountains is an island grouping of the Aleutian Islands in Alaska, United States. ... The Andreanof Islands are a group of islands in the Aleutian Islands in southwest Alaska between the Rat Islands group, to the west and the Fox Islands group, to the east, at about 52° North and 172°57 to 179°09 West. ... The Rat Islands is a group of islands in the Aleutian Islands in southwest Alaska, between the Near Islands, to its west, and the Andreanof Islands group, to its east, at about 52° 6 North, 177° 36 West. ... The Near Islands are the smallest and westernmost group of the Aleutian Islands in southwestern Alaska, at about 52°51′ N 173°11′ E. The largest of the Near Islands are, from west to east, Attu, Agattu, and Buldyr. ...


The axis of the archipelago near the mainland of Alaska has a southwest trend, but near the 129th meridian its direction changes to the northwest. This change of direction corresponds to a curve in the line of volcanic fissures that have contributed their products to the building of the islands. Such curved chains are repeated about the Pacific Ocean in the Kuril Islands, the Japanese chain and in the Philippines. All these island arcs are at the edge of the Pacific Plate and experience a lot of seismic activity, but are still habitable; the Aleutians lie between the Pacific and North American tectonic plates. The general elevation is greatest in the eastern islands and least in the western. The island chain is a western continuation of the Aleutian Range on the mainland. This article is about volcanoes in geology. ... Location of Kuril Islands in the Western Pacific. ...  The Pacific plate, shown in pale yellow The Pacific Plate is an oceanic tectonic plate beneath the Pacific Ocean. ... Seismology (from the Greek seismos = earthquake and logos = word) is the scientific study of earthquakes and the movement of waves through the Earth. ... Bridge across the Álfagjá rift valley in southwest Iceland, the boundary of the Eurasian and North American continental tectonic plates. ... The Aleutian Range is the mountain range of the Alaska Peninsula in southeast Alaska. ...

Active Aleutian volcanoes
Active Aleutian volcanoes

The great majority of the islands bear evident marks of volcanic origin, and there are numerous volcanic cones on the north side of the chain, some of them active; many of the islands, however, are not wholly volcanic, but contain crystalline or sedimentary rocks, and also amber and beds of lignite. The coasts are rocky and surf-worn, and the approaches are exceedingly dangerous, the land rising immediately from the coasts to steep, bold mountains. North Pacific air routes over the Aleutian volcanic arc. ... North Pacific air routes over the Aleutian volcanic arc. ... Coal Coal is a fossil fuel extracted from the ground by mining. ...


Makushin Volcano (5691 ft/1,735 m) located on Unalaska Island, is not quite visible from within the town of Unalaska, though the steam rising from its cone is visible on a (rare) clear day. Denizens of Unalaska need only to climb one of the smaller hills in the area, such as Pyramid Peak or Mt. Newhall, to get a good look at the snow-covered cone. The volcanic Bogoslof and Fire Islands, which rose from the sea in 1796 and 1883 respectively, lie about 30 miles (48 km) west of Unalaska Bay.
The Makushin Volcano (alternatively Mount Makushin) is a stratovolcano on the Alaska Peninsula. ... Aerial view of Unalaska Unalaska is a small city on Unalaska Island in the Aleutian Islands, off the coast of the U.S. state of Alaska. ... Aerial view, looking south, of Bogoslof Island. ... Alaska has three localities named Fire Island. ...


Climate

Aleutian Islands
Aleutian Islands

The climate of the islands is oceanic, with moderate and fairly uniform temperatures and heavy rainfall. Fogs are almost constant. Summer weather is much cooler than Southeast Alaska (Sitka), but the winter temperature of the islands and of the Alaska Panhandle is very nearly the same. The mean annual temperature for Unalaska, the most populated island of the group, is about 38 °F (3.4 °C), being about 30 °F (−1.1 °C) in January and about 52 °F (11.1 °C) in August. The highest and lowest temperatures recorded on the islands are 78 °F (26 °C) and 5 °F (−15 °C) respectively. The average annual rainfall is about 80 in (2,030 mm), and Unalaska, with about 250 rainy days per year, is said to be one of the rainiest places within the United States. This type of climate is only comparable to those of: Iceland, Tierra del Fuego and neighboring Alaska Peninsula. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1000x750, 151 KB) Aleutian Islands, Alaska January 3, 2004, 22:10 UTC larger version here Image Courtesy: NASA/MODIS Rapid Response System File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1000x750, 151 KB) Aleutian Islands, Alaska January 3, 2004, 22:10 UTC larger version here Image Courtesy: NASA/MODIS Rapid Response System File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not... Sitka City and Borough is a borough located on the west side of Baranof Island in the Alexander Archipelago of the Pacific Ocean, in the state of Alaska. ... The Alaska Panhandle is the coast of the American state of Alaska, just west of the northern half of the Canadian province of British Columbia. ... Unalaska is an island in the Fox Islands group in the middle of the Aleutian Islands southwest of Alaska, at 53°54 North 166°32 West. ... Tierra del Fuego (Spanish for Land of Fire) (English pronunciation ; Spanish ) is an archipelago, 28,476 sq mi (73,753 km²), separated from the southernmost tip of the South American mainland by the Strait of Magellan. ... Volcanoes on the Alaska Peninsula The Alaska Peninsula is a peninsula extending about 800 km (500 miles) to the southwest from the mainland of Alaska and ending in the Aleutian Islands. ...


Flora

The growing season lasts about 135 days, from early in May till late in September, but agriculture is limited to the raising of a few vegetables. With the exception of some stunted willows, the vast majority of the chain is destitute of native trees. On some of the islands, such as Adak and Amaknak, there are a few coniferous trees growing, remnants of the Russian period. But these trees, some of them estimated to be two hundred years old, rarely reach a height of even ten feet, and many of them are still less than five feet tall, this is because summers are not hot enough to favor a good growth for those trees brought from Sitka(where summers reach 14 ºC), while in other parts of the world like Tierra del Fuego (which trees have not been introduced in the islands); native forests tolerate very cold temperatures in summer (9º C) Species About 350, including: Salix acutifolia - Violet Willow Salix alaxensis - Alaska Willow Salix alba - White Willow Salix alpina - Alpine Willow Salix amygdaloides - Peachleaf Willow Salix arbuscula - Mountain Willow Salix arbusculoides - Littletree Willow Salix arctica - Arctic Willow Salix atrocinerea Salix aurita - Eared Willow Salix babylonica - Peking Willow Salix bakko Salix barrattiana... Adak is the name of several things: Adak Island, one of the Aleutian Islands The town of Adak, Alaska on Adak Island This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Unalaska is a town on Unalaska Island in the Aleutian Islands. ... Orders & Families Cordaitales † Pinales   Pinaceae - Pine family   Araucariaceae - Araucaria family   Podocarpaceae - Yellow-wood family   Sciadopityaceae - Umbrella-pine family   Cupressaceae - Cypress family   Cephalotaxaceae - Plum-yew family   Taxaceae - Yew family Vojnovskyales † Voltziales † The conifers, division Pinophyta, are one of 13 or 14 division level taxa within the Kingdom Plantae. ... Aleutians seen from space The Aleutian Islands (possibly from Chukchi aliat, island) are a chain of more than 300 small volcanic islands forming an island arc in the Northern Pacific Ocean, occupying an area of 6,821 sq mi (17,666 km²) and extending about 1,200 mi (1,900... Sitka City and Borough is a borough located on the west side of Baranof Island in the Alexander Archipelago of the Pacific Ocean, in the state of Alaska. ... Tierra del Fuego (Spanish for Land of Fire) (English pronunciation ; Spanish ) is an archipelago, 28,476 sq mi (73,753 km²), separated from the southernmost tip of the South American mainland by the Strait of Magellan. ...


Instead of trees, the islands are covered with a luxuriant, dense growth of herbage, including grasses, sedges and many flowering plants. Subfamilies There are 7 subfamilies: Subfamily Arundinoideae Subfamily Bambusoideae Subfamily Centothecoideae Subfamily Chloridoideae Subfamily Panicoideae Subfamily Pooideae Subfamily Stipoideae The true grasses are monocotyledonous plants (Class Liliopsida) in the Family Poaceae, also known as Gramineae. ... Genera See text The family Cyperaceae, or the Sedge family, is a taxon of monocot flowering plants that superficially resemble grasses or rushes. ...


Economy

On the less mountainous islands, the raising of sheep and reindeer was once believed to be practicable. During the 1980s, there were some llama being raised on Unalaska. Today, the economy is primarily based upon fishing, and, to a lesser extent, the presence of American military. The only crop is potato. Lamb redirects here. ... Binomial name Rangifer tarandus (Linnaeus, 1758) The reindeer, known as caribou when wild in North America, is an Arctic and Subarctic-dwelling deer (Rangifer tarandus). ... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Unalaska is an island in the Fox Islands group in the middle of the Aleutian Islands southwest of Alaska, at 53°54 North 166°32 West. ... Salmon for sale at a marketplace The Fishing industry is the commercial activity of fishing and producing fish and other seafood products. ... Binomial name Solanum tuberosum L. There are twenty-three different types of potato in the world. ...


Demographics

The native people refer to themselves as Unangan, and are now generally known by most non-natives as the "Aleut". The Aleuts (self-denomination: Unangax, Unangan or Unanga) are the indigenous people of the Aleutian Islands of Alaska, U.S.A. and Chukotka, Russia. ...


The Aleut language is one of the two main branches of the Eskimo-Aleut language family. This family is not known to be related to any others. Aleut (Unangam Tunuu) is a language of the Eskimo-Aleut language phylum. ... Eskimo-Aleut languages Eskimo-Aleut is a language family native to Greenland, the Canadian Arctic, Alaska, and parts of Siberia. ...


In the 2000 census, there was a population of 8,162 on the islands, of whom 4,283 were living in the main settlement of Unalaska. This article is about the year 2000. ... 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... Aerial view of Unalaska Unalaska is a small city on Unalaska Island in the Aleutian Islands, off the coast of the U.S. state of Alaska. ...


History

Prehistory

Because of the location of the islands, stretching like a broken bridge from Asia to America, many anthropologists believe they were a route of the first human occupants of the Americas. The earliest known evidence of human occupation in the Americas is much further south, in New Mexico and Peru; the early human sites in Alaska have probably been submerged by rising waters during the current interglacial period. People living in the Aleutian Islands developed fine skills in hunting, fishing, and basketry. Hunters made their weapons and watercraft. The baskets are noted for being finely woven with carefully shredded stalks of beach rye. Capital Santa Fe Largest city Albuquerque Area  Ranked 5th  - Total 121,665 sq mi (315,194 km²)  - Width 342 miles (550 km)  - Length 370 miles (595 km)  - % water 0. ... Glaciation, often called an ice age, is a geological phenomenon in which massive ice sheets form in the Arctic and Antarctic and advance toward the equator. ...


Russian period

Explorers, traders, colonists, and missionaries arrived from Russia beginning in 1741. // Events April 10 - Austrian army attack troops of Frederick the Great at Mollwitz August 10 - Raja of Travancore defeats Dutch East India Company naval expedition at Battle of Colachel December 19 - Vitus Bering dies in his expedition east of Siberia December 25 - Anders Celsius develops his own thermometer scale Celsius...


In 1741 the Russian government sent Vitus Bering, a Dane in the service of Russia, and Alexei Chirikov, a Russian, in the ships Saint Peter and Saint Paul on a voyage of discovery in the Northern Pacific. After the ships were separated by a storm, Chirikov discovered several eastern islands of the Aleutian group, and Bering discovered several of the western islands, finally being wrecked and losing his life on the island of the Komandorski Islands (Commander Islands) that now bears his name (Bering Island). The survivors of Bering's party reached the Kamchatka Peninsula in a boat constructed from the wreckage of their ship, and reported that the islands were rich in fur-bearing animals. Vitus Bering Vitus Jonassen Bering (also, less correctly, Behring) (August 1681–December 19, 1741) was a Danish-born navigator in the service of the Russian Navy, a captain-komandor known among the Russian sailors as Ivan Ivanovich. ... Aleksei Ilyich Chirikov (Алексей Ильич Чириков in Russian) (1703 – November, 1748) was a Russian navigator and Captain. ... The Pacific Ocean (from the Latin name Mare Pacificum, peaceful sea, bestowed upon it by the Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan) is the largest body of water on Earth – at 165. ... The Komandorski Islands or Commander Islands (Russian: ) are a group of treeless islands east of the Kamchatka Peninsula in the Russian Far East, in the Bering Sea. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Kamchatka is the home of many volcanoes. ...


Siberian fur hunters flocked to the Commander Islands and gradually moved eastward across the Aleutian Islands to the mainland. In this manner Russia gained a foothold on the northwestern coast of North America. The Aleutian Islands consequently belonged to Russia, until that country transferred all its possessions in North America to the United States in 1867. Checque used to pay for Alaska The Alaska purchase from Russia by the United States occurred in 1867 at the behest of Secretary of State William Seward. ... Cunt BAg Twat Fuk suck my penis ring 0778851865!!!!!!Year 1867 (MDCCCLXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


The Russians were ruthless in their expansion, using technology and cruelty to enslave the Aleuts, especially for sea otter hunting. The Russians captured otter pelts from the Aleutian Islands, through the Gulf of Alaska, along the Alaska Panhandle, and south, even to California. Some Aleuts were moved to the Pribilof Islands so that fur seals could be captured there as well. Binomial name Enhydra lutris (Linnaeus, 1758) The Sea Otter (Enhydra lutris) is a large otter native to the North Pacific, from northern Japan and Kamchatka west across the Aleutian Islands south to California. ... The Gulf of Alaska is an arm of the Pacific Ocean defined by the curve of the southern coast of Alaska, stretching from the Alaska Peninsula and Kodiak Island in the west to the Alexander Archipelago in the east, where Glacier Bay and the Inside Passage are found. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... The Pribilof Islands (often called the Fur Seal Islands, Russian: Kotovi) are a group of four volcanic islands, part of Alaska, lying in the Bering Sea, about 200 miles north of Unalaska and 200 miles south of Cape Newenham, the nearest point on the North American mainland. ...


By 1760, the Russian merchant Andrian Tolstykh had made a detailed census in the vicinity of Adak and extended Russian citizenship to the Aleuts. 1760 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Adak Island is an island near the western extent of the Andreanof Islands group of the Aleutian Islands in Alaska. ...


Despite some attempts to eliminate slavery and reduce cruel treatment in the 1790s, the Shelikhov company depended on the labor of Aleut hunters to collect sea otter pelts. Events and Trends French Revolution (1789 - 1799). ... The Russian-American Company was a semi-official colonial trading company started by Grigory Shelikhov and Nikolai Rezanov and chartered by tsar Paul I in 1799. ...


During his third and last voyage, in 1778, Captain James Cook surveyed the eastern portion of the Aleutian archipelago, accurately determined the position of some of the more important islands and corrected many errors of former navigators. 1778 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... James Cook, portrait by Nathaniel Dance, c. ...


Christian influences

One of the first Christian missionaries to arrive in the Aleutian Islands was a monk named Herman, who arrived in 1793 with nine other Russian Orthodox monks and priests. Within two years, he was the only survivor of that party. He settled on Spruce Island, near Kodiak Island, and often defended the rights of the Aleuts against the Russian trading companies. He is now known in the Orthodox Church as St. Herman of Alaska. Christianity is a monotheistic[1] religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament. ... 1793 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... The Russian Orthodox Church (Русская Православная церковь) is that body of Christians who are united under the Patriarch of Moscow, who in turn is in communion with... Kodiak Island is a large island on the south coast of the U.S. state of Alaska, separated from the Alaska mainland by the Shelikof Strait. ... Herman of Alaska (born 1756 or 1760 in Serpukhov, Russia – December 13, 1837 on Kodiak Island, Alaska) was the first saint to be canonized by the Orthodox Church in America. ...


Another early Christian missionary of the Russian Orthodox Church was Father Veniaminov who arrived in Unalaska in 1824. He was named Bishop Innokentii in 1840 and moved to Sitka. He is now known in the Orthodox Church as Saint Innocent of Alaska. The Russian Orthodox Church of the Moscow Patriarchate (Russian: ), also known as the Orthodox Christian Church of Russia, is that body of Christians who are united under the Patriarch of Moscow, who in turn is in communion with the other patriarchs and primates of the Eastern Orthodox Church. ... Unalaska is an island in the Fox Islands group in the middle of the Aleutian Islands southwest of Alaska, at 53°54 North 166°32 West. ... 1824 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Sitka City and Borough is a borough located on the west side of Baranof Island in the Alexander Archipelago of the Pacific Ocean, in the state of Alaska. ... Saint Innocent of Alaska was a Russian Orthodox priest, bishop, archbishop and Metropolitan of Moscow and all Russia. ...


The principal settlements were on Unalaska Island. The oldest was Iliuliuk (also called Unalaska), settled in 1760-1775, with a customs house and an Orthodox church. The Eastern Orthodox Church is a Christian body that views itself: as the historical continuation of the original Christian community established by Jesus and the Twelve Apostles. ...


US possession

After the American purchase of Alaska from Russia in 1867, further development took place. New buildings included a Methodist mission and orphanage, and the headquarters for a considerable fleet of United States revenue cutters which patrolled the sealing grounds of the Pribilof Islands. The first public school in Unalaska opened in 1883. The Methodist movement is a group of denominations of Protestant Christianity. ... ... Categories: Disambiguation | Stub ... The Pribilof Islands (often called the Fur Seal Islands, Russian: Kotovi) are a group of four volcanic islands, part of Alaska, lying in the Bering Sea, about 200 miles north of Unalaska and 200 miles south of Cape Newenham, the nearest point on the North American mainland. ...


The U.S. Congress extended American citizenship to all Natives (and this law has been held to include the indigenous peoples of Alaska) in 1924. Congress in Joint Session. ... 1924 (MCMXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar). ...


A hospital was built in Unalaska in 1933 by the US Bureau of Indian Affairs. Year 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... The Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) is an agency of the federal government of the United States within the Department of the Interior charged with the administration and management of 55. ...


World War II

During World War II, small parts of the Aleutian islands were occupied by Japanese forces, when Attu and Kiska were invaded in order to divert American forces away from the main Japanese attack at Midway Atoll. The U.S. Navy, having broken the Japanese naval radio codes, knew that this was just a diversion, and it did not expend large amounts of effort in defending the islands. A few Americans were taken to Japan as prisoners of war. Most of the civilian population of the Aleutians were interned by the United States in camps in the Alaska Panhandle. American forces invaded Japanese-held Attu and defeated the Japanese, and subsequently regained control of all the islands. See: Battle of the Aleutian Islands. The islands were also a stopping point for hundreds of aircraft sent from California to Russia as part of the war effort. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Attu Island Attu is the westernmost and largest island in the Near Islands group of the Aleutian Islands of Alaska, making it the westernmost point of land relative to Alaska and the United States. ... Map of Kiska Kiska is an island in the Rat Islands group of the Aleutian Islands of Alaska located at 52. ... Orthographic projection centred over Midway. ... The Alaska Panhandle is the coast of the American state of Alaska, just west of the northern half of the Canadian province of British Columbia. ... Combatants United States, Canada Japan Commanders Thomas C. Kinkaid (navy) Francis W. Rockwell (landings) Albert E. Brown (army) Simon Bolivar Buckner, Jr. ...


Monday, June 3, 2002 was celebrated as Dutch Harbor Remembrance Day. The governor of Alaska ordered state flags lowered to half-staff to honor the 78 soldiers who died during the two-day Japanese air attack in 1942. The Aleutians World War II Campaign National Historic Area Visitors Center opened in June 2002. June 3 is the 154th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (155th in leap years), with 211 days remaining. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ...


Recent and miscellaneous developments

The Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (ANCSA) became law in 1971. In 1977, the Ounalashka Corporation (from Unalaska) declared a dividend. This was the first village corporation to declare and pay a dividend to its shareholders. The Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act was signed into law on December 18, 1971, and the largest land claims settlement in United States history was concluded. ... 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday. ... // This article is about corporate dividends. ...


In 1906 a new volcanic cone rose between the islets of Bogoslof and Grewingk, near Unalaska, followed by another in 1907. These cones were nearly demolished by an explosive eruption on 1 September 1907. 1906 (MCMVI) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... September 1 is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


Miscellaneous

The Aleutian Islands would likely be an important part of the National Missile Defense system proposed to defend the United States from small ballistic missile attacks. A payload launch vehicle carrying a prototype exoatmospheric kill vehicle is launched from Meck Island at the Kwajalein Missile Range on December 3, 2001, for an intercept of a ballistic missile target over the central Pacific Ocean. ...


See also

Image:AleutianIslands.jpeg
Western Aleutian Islands, from a 1916 map of the Alaska Territory

// Fox Islands Akun Island Akutan Island Amak Island Amukta Island Bogoslof Island Carlisle Island Caton Island Chagulak Island Chuginadak Island Deer Island Egg Island Herbert Island Kagamil Island Kudiakof Island Samalga Island Sanak Island Sedanka Island Sushilnoi Island Tigalda Island Ugamak Island Uliaga Island Umnak Island Unalaska Island Unalga Island... List of Aleutian Island Volcanoes Akutan Volcano Amak Volcano Amukta Volcano Bobrof Volcano Bogoslof Volcano Buldir Volcano Chagulak Volcano Carlisle Volcano Davidof Volcano Gareloi Volcano Great Sitkin Volcano Herbert Volcano Kagamil Volcano Kanaga Volcano Kasatochi Volcano Kiska Volcano Koniuji Volcano Korovin Volcano Little Sitkin Volcano Pogromni Volcano Seguam Volcano Segula... Aleutians West Census Area is a census area located in the U.S. state of Alaska. ... Aleutians East Borough is a borough located in the U.S. state of Alaska. ... Combatants United States, Canada Japan Commanders Thomas C. Kinkaid (navy) Francis W. Rockwell (landings) Albert E. Brown (army) Simon Bolivar Buckner, Jr. ... Cungagnaq, presumably a native of Kodiak Island (Aleutian Islands). ... Aleutian Islands Modified from PCL map collection Western Aleutian Islands from a 1916 map of the Alaska territory This image is in the public domain in the United States and possibly other jurisdictions. ...

References

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Aleutian Islands
  • This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.

Total area of 6,821 sq mi from Encyclopædia Britannica Online Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Wikimedia Commons logo by Reid Beels The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... Encyclopædia Britannica, the 11th edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...

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Juneau (capital)
Regions

Aleutian Islands | Arctic Alaska | Bush Alaska | Interior | Kenai Peninsula | Mat‑Su Valley | North Slope | Panhandle | Seward Peninsula | Southcentral | Southwest | Tanana Valley | Yukon‑Kuskokwim Delta Image File history File links Flag_of_Alaska. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      A state of the United States is any one of the fifty subnational entities of the... Official language(s) English Capital Juneau Largest city Anchorage Area  Ranked 1st  - Total 663,267 sq mi (1,717,855 km²)  - Width 808 miles (1,300 km)  - Length 1,479 miles (2,380 km)  - % water 13. ... Location in Juneau City and Borough, Alaska Coordinates: Country United States State Alaska Borough Juneau City and Borough Founded 1881 Incorporated 1890  - Mayor Bruce Botelho Area    - City  3,255. ... Independence Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, site of first U.S. capital. ... This list of regions of the United States includes official (governmental) and non-official areas within the borders of the United States, not including U.S. states, the federal district of Washington, D.C. or standard subentities such as cities or counties. ... Arctic Alaska is a region of the U.S. state of Alaska generally referring to the northern areas on or close to the Arctic Ocean. ... -1... Fall in Interior Alaska The interior of Alaska makes up most of the state. ... The Kenai Peninsula in Alaska The Kenai Peninsula is a large peninsula jutting from the southern coast of Alaska in the United States. ... Matanuska-Susitna Valley shown shaded in red north of Anchorage Matanuska-Susitna Valley (known locally as the Mat-Su Valley) is an area in south central Alaska south of the Alaska Range north and northeast of Anchorage. ... ... The Alaska Panhandle is the coast of the American state of Alaska, just west of the northern half of the Canadian province of British Columbia. ... The Seward Peninsula is a large peninsula in western Alaska. ... South Central Alaska consists of the portion of the U.S. state of Alaska from the shorelines and uplands of the Gulf of Alaska. ... This article or section is incomplete and may require expansion and/or cleanup. ... The Tanana Valley is the lowland region in central Alaska in the United States, on the north side of the Alaska Range where the Tanana River emerges from the mountains. ... The Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta region is a treeless tundra located in southwestern Alaska. ...

Largest cities

Anchorage | Barrow | Bethel | Fairbanks | Homer | Juneau | Kenai | Ketchikan | Kodiak | Kotzebue | Nome | Palmer | Petersburg | Seward | Sitka | Unalaska | Valdez | Wasilla == Headline text im a whore!!! ... Nickname: The City of Lights and Flowers Location in the state of Alaska Coordinates: Borough Municipality of Anchorage  - Mayor Mark Begich (D) Area    - City 5,079. ... Barrow is a city in North Slope Borough of the U.S. state of Alaska. ... Bethel is a city located in Bethel Census Area in the U.S. state of Alaska, 340 miles (540 km) west of Anchorage. ... Fairbanks (IPA: ) is a Home Rule City in Fairbanks North Star Borough, Alaska, United States. ... Homer is a town located in Kenai Peninsula Borough, Alaska. ... Flag Seal Location Location in Juneau City and Borough, Alaska Coordinates , Government Country State Borough United States Alaska Juneau City and Borough Founded Incorporated 1881 1890 Mayor Bruce Botelho Geographical characteristics Area     City 8,430. ... Kenai is a city in Kenai Peninsula Borough in the U.S. state of Alaska. ... Ketchikan (IPA: ) is the fifth most populous city in the U.S. state of Alaska and the southeasternnmost sizable city in that state. ... Aerial view of Kodiak Kodiak is a city on Kodiak Island in Kodiak Island Borough in the U.S. state of Alaska. ... Kotzebue is a city located in Northwest Arctic Borough, Alaska. ... Nome is a city located on the southern Seward Peninsula coast of Norton Sound in the Nome Census Area, Alaska. ... Palmer depot with a narrow gauge locomotive. ... Petersburg is a city in Wrangell-Petersburg Census Area, Alaska, in the United States. ... Seward is a city located in Kenai Peninsula Borough, Alaska. ... Sitka City and Borough is a borough located on the west side of Baranof Island in the Alexander Archipelago of the Pacific Ocean, in the state of Alaska. ... Aerial view of Unalaska Unalaska is a small city on Unalaska Island in the Aleutian Islands, off the coast of the U.S. state of Alaska. ... Valdez (IPA: ) is a city in Valdez-Cordova Census Area in the U.S. state of Alaska. ... For the Sarmatian god of the same name, see Wasilla (god) Wasilla is a town in the Matanuska-Susitna Borough in the U.S. state of Alaska. ...

Boroughs

Aleutians East | Anchorage | Bristol Bay | Denali | Fairbanks North Star | Haines | Juneau | Kenai Peninsula | Ketchikan Gateway | Kodiak Island | Lake and Peninsula | Matanuska‑Susitna | North Slope | Northwest Arctic | Sitka | Yakutat Map of Alaska boroughs and census areas The U.S. state of Alaska does not have counties in the sense of counties in the rest of the country. ... Aleutians East Borough is a borough located in the U.S. state of Alaska. ... Nickname: The City of Lights and Flowers Location in the state of Alaska Coordinates: Borough Municipality of Anchorage  - Mayor Mark Begich (D) Area    - City 5,079. ... Bristol Bay Borough is a borough located in the U.S. state of Alaska on Bristol Bay or Iilgayaq Bay. ... Denali Borough is a borough located in the state of Alaska. ... Fairbanks North Star Borough is a borough located in the state of Alaska. ... Haines Borough is a borough located in the state of Alaska. ... Flag Seal Location Location in Juneau City and Borough, Alaska Coordinates , Government Country State Borough United States Alaska Juneau City and Borough Founded Incorporated 1881 1890 Mayor Bruce Botelho Geographical characteristics Area     City 8,430. ... Kenai Peninsula Borough is a borough located in the state of Alaska. ... Ketchikan Gateway Borough is a borough located in the state of Alaska. ... Kodiak Island Borough is a borough located in the state of Alaska. ... Lake and Peninsula Borough is a borough located in the state of Alaska. ... Matanuska-Susitna Borough is a borough located in the state of Alaska. ... North Slope Borough is a borough located largely in the North Slope region of the state of Alaska. ... Northwest Arctic Borough is a borough located in the state of Alaska. ... Nickname: First City of Alaska Coordinates: Borough City and Borough of Sitka Founded 1799 Incorporated December 2, 1971 Mayor Marko Dapcevich Area    - City 12,461. ... Yakutat City and Borough is a borough and a city located in Alaska. ...

Census areas

Aleutians West | Bethel | Dillingham | Nome | Prince of Wales‑Outer Ketchikan | Skagway‑Hoonah‑Angoon | Southeast Fairbanks | Valdez‑Cordova | Wade Hampton | Wrangell‑Petersburg | Yukon‑Koyukuk | (see also) Unorganized Borough Map of Alaska boroughs and census areas The U.S. state of Alaska does not have counties in the sense of counties in the rest of the country. ... Aleutians West Census Area is a census area located in the U.S. state of Alaska. ... Bethel Census Area is a census area located in the U.S. state of Alaska. ... Dillingham Census Area is a census area located in the state of Alaska, United States. ... Nome Census Area is a census area located in the state of Alaska. ... Prince of Wales-Outer Ketchikan Census Area is a census area located in the state of Alaska. ... Skagway-Hoonah-Angoon Census Area is a census area located in the state of Alaska. ... Southeast Fairbanks Census Area is a census area located in the state of Alaska. ... Valdez-Cordova Census Area is a census area located in the state of Alaska. ... Wade Hampton Census Area is a census area located in the state of Alaska. ... Wrangell-Petersburg Census Area is a census area located in the state of Alaska. ... Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area is a census area located in the state of Alaska. ... Map of Alaska boroughs and census areas The Unorganized Borough is that part of Alaska not contained in any of its 16 organized boroughs. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Aleutian Islands (7052 words)
Because of Midway's importance—the island was within bomber range of Pearl Harbor—he concluded that Nimitz would redirect his fleet from the Aleutians to Midway to prevent the loss of the island.
The Aleutian attack was a sideshow, yet it would reduce Yamamoto's overall available strength in carrier aircraft during the fight for Midway on 4-5 June, one of the decisive battles of all time and the turning point of the Pacific war.
Lawrence Island in the Bering Sea and of nearby Nome and its adjacent airfields on the Alaskan mainland.
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