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Encyclopedia > Aleut Restitution Act of 1988

The Aleut Restitution Act of 1988 (also known as the Aleutian and Pribilof Islands Restitution Act) was a reparation settlement passed by the United States Congress in 1988, in response to the internment of Aleut people living in the Aleutian Islands during World War II. Reparations refers to two distinct ideas: Reparations for slavery of groups or individuals War reparations: Payments from one country to another as compensation for starting a war under a peace treaty, such as those made by Germany to France under the Treaty of Versailles. ... Congress in Joint Session. ... The word internment is generally used to refer to the imprisonment or confinement of people, generally in prison camps or prisons, without due process of law and a trial. ... The Aleuts (self-denomination: Unangax, Unangan or Unanga) are the indigenous people of the Aleutian Islands of Alaska, U.S.A. and Chukotka, Russia. ... Looking down the Aleutians from an airplane. ... Combatants Allies: Poland, British Commonwealth, France/Free France, Soviet Union, United States, China, and others Axis Powers: Germany, Italy, Japan, and others Casualties Military dead:17 million Civilian dead:33 million Total dead:50 million Military dead:8 million Civilian dead:4 million Total dead:12 million World War II...


Before the Japanese invasion of Attu and Kiska in 1942, the United States forcibly evacuated some 800 Aleuts to camps in Southeast Alaska, where many died. Combatants United States, Canada Japan Commanders Thomas C. Kinkaid (navy) Francis W. Rockwell (landings) Albert E. Brown (army) Boshiro Hosogaya Strength 144,000 (all personnel, May 1943) 8,500 Casualties 1,481 dead 2,500 wounded,sick, or frostbitten 2,351 dead The Battle of the Aleutian Islands was a... The Alaska Panhandle is the coast of the American state of Alaska, just west of the northern half of the Canadian province of British Columbia. ...

Contents


Proposal of the Aleutian and Pribilof Restitution Act (1987)

The bill was introduced on January 6, 1987 by Representative Thomas S. Foley, along with 166 co-sponsors. It declared the following[1]: January 6 is the 6th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Thomas Stephen Foley (born March 26, 1929, in Spokane, Washington) is an American politician of the Democratic party, having served as speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives and ambassador to Japan. ...

  1. The Aleut civilian residents of certain islands who were relocated during World War II remained relocated long after any potential danger had passed.
  2. The United States failed to provide reasonable care for the Aleuts, resulting in illness, disease, and death, and failed to protect Aleut personal and community property.
  3. The United States has not compensated the Aleuts adequately.
  4. There is no remedy for injustices suffered by the Aleuts except an Act of Congress.

Under the new bill, a trust fund was established to be used "for the benefit of the following people and purposes"[1]: A civilian is a person who is not a member of a military. ...

  1. The elderly, disabled, or seriously ill
  2. Students in need of scholarship assistance
  3. Preservation of Aleut cultural heritage and historical records
  4. The improvement of community centers in affected Aleut villages, and
  5. Other purposes to improve Aleut life.

For each eligible Aleut, $12,000 was paid to compensate for any personal property losses sustained during the war.


Amendment to the Aleutian and Pribilof Restitution Act (1993)

On September 14, 1993, an amendment was proposed to the original 1988 Restitution Act, increasing authorization for payments from $1,400,000 to $4,700,000, in order to include church property damaged or lost during the war. The bill was passed by the House of Representatives and the Senate, and the Act was amended on October 5, 1994. September 14 is the 257th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (258th in leap years). ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... The chamber of the United States House of Representatives is located in the south wing of the Capitol building, in Washington, D.C.. This photograph shows a rare glimpse of the four vote tallying boards (the blackish squares across the top), which display each members name and vote as... Seal of the Senate The United States Senate is one of the two chambers of the Congress of the United States, the other being the House of Representatives. ... October 5 is the 278th day of the year (279th in Leap years). ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ...


See also

The Aleuts (self-denomination: Unangax, Unangan or Unanga) are the indigenous people of the Aleutian Islands of Alaska, U.S.A. and Chukotka, Russia. ... Looking down the Aleutians from an airplane. ...

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