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Encyclopedia > Aleut
Aleut

Traditional Aleut dress
Total population

17,000 to 18,000 Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

Regions with significant populations
Flag of the United States United States 17,000[1]
Flag of Russia Russia 700
Languages
English, Russian, Aleut
Religions
Christianity, Shamanism
Related ethnic groups
Inuit, Yupik

The Aleuts (self-denomination: Unangax̂, Unangan or Unanga) are the indigenous people of the Aleutian Islands of Alaska, United States and Kamchatka Krai, Russia. Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Aleut (Unangam Tunuu) is a language of the Eskimo-Aleut language phylum. ... A shaman doctor of Kyzyl. ... For other uses, see Inuit (disambiguation). ... The Yupik or, in the Central Alaskan language, Yupik, are indigenous or aboriginal peoples who live along the coast of western Alaska, especially on the Yukon-Kuskokwim delta and along the Kuskokwim River (Central Alaskan Yupik), in southern Alaska (the Alutiiq) and in the Russian Far East and St. ... An ethnonym (Gk. ... Alaska Natives are indigenous peoples who live in what is now the U.S. state of Alaska. ... Aleutians seen from space The Aleutian Islands (possibly from Chukchi aliat, island) are a chain of more than 300 small volcanic islands forming an island arc in the Northern Pacific Ocean, occupying an area of 6,821 sq mi (17,666 km²) and extending about 1,200 mi (1,900... Official language(s) English[1] Spoken language(s) English 85. ... Kamchatka Krai (Russian: Камча́тский край) is a new federal subject of Russia that is scheduled to come into being as a merger of Kamchatka Oblast and Koryakia, after a referendum was held on the issue on 23 October 2005. ...

Contents

Location

The homeland of the Aleuts includes the Aleutian Islands, the Pribilof Islands, the Shumagin Islands, and the far western part of the Alaska Peninsula. During the 19th century, the Aleuts were deported from the Aleutian Islands to the Commander Islands (now part of Kamchatka Krai) by a Russian-American company. This is a list of Alaska Native Tribal Entities which are recognized by the United States Bureau of Indian Affairs. ... Aleutians seen from space The Aleutian Islands (possibly from Chukchi aliat, island) are a chain of more than 300 small volcanic islands forming an island arc in the Northern Pacific Ocean, occupying an area of 6,821 sq mi (17,666 km²) and extending about 1,200 mi (1,900... The Pribilof Islands (often called the Fur Seal Islands, Russian: Kotovi) are a group of four volcanic islands, part of Alaska, lying in the Bering Sea, about 200 miles north of Unalaska and 200 miles south of Cape Newenham, the nearest point on the North American mainland. ... The Shumagin Islands are a group of 20 islands in the Aleutians East Borough south of the mainland of Alaska, USA, at 54°54–55°20 North 159°15–160°45 West. ... Volcanoes on the Alaska Peninsula The Alaska Peninsula is a peninsula extending about 800 km (500 miles) to the southwest from the mainland of Alaska and ending in the Aleutian Islands. ... The Komandorski Islands or Commander Islands, (in Russian, Komandorskiye Ostrova) are a group of treeless islands east of the Kamchatka Peninsula in the Russian Far East, in the Bering Sea. ... Kamchatka Krai (Russian: Камча́тский край) is a new federal subject of Russia that is scheduled to come into being as a merger of Kamchatka Oblast and Koryakia, after a referendum was held on the issue on 23 October 2005. ...


History

After the arrival of missionaries in the late eighteenth century, many Aleuts became Christians by joining the Russian Orthodox Church. One of the earliest Christian martyrs in North America was Saint Peter the Aleut. Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... Two Mormon missionaries A missionary is traditionally defined as a propagator of religion who works to convert those outside that community; someone who proselytizes. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... The Russian Orthodox Church of the Moscow Patriarchate (Russian: ), also known as the Orthodox Christian Church of Russia, is a body of Christians who are united under the Patriarch of Moscow, who in turn is in communion with the other patriarchs and primates of the Eastern Orthodox Church. ... Christianity percentage by country, purple is highest, orange is lowest Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Wycliffe Tyndale · Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... Cungagnaq, presumably a native of Kodiak Island (Aleutian Islands). ...


In 18th century, Russian furriers established settlements on the islands and exploited the people.(see Amchitka#Early history) Amchitka is a volcanic, tectonically unstable island in the Rat Islands group of the Aleutian Islands in southwest Alaska. ...


There was a recorded revolt against Russian workers in Amchitka in 1784. It started from the exhaustion of necessities that the Russians provided to local people in return for furs they had made.(see Amchitka#Aleuts' revolt) Amchitka is a volcanic, tectonically unstable island in the Rat Islands group of the Aleutian Islands in southwest Alaska. ...


Prior to major influence from outside, there were approximately 25,000 Aleuts on the archipelago. However, barbarities at the hands of outside corporations and foreign diseases eventually reduced the population to one-tenth this number. Further declines led to a 1910 Census count of 1,491 Aleuts. Year 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ...


In 1942, Japanese forces occupied Attu and Kiska Islands in the western Aleutians, and later transported captive Attu Islanders to Hokkaidō, where they were held as POWs. Hundreds more Aleuts from the western chain and the Pribilofs were evacuated by the United States government during World War II and placed in internment camps in southeast Alaska, where many died. The Aleut Restitution Act of 1988 was an attempt by Congress to compensate the survivors. Attu Island Attu is the westernmost and largest island in the Near Islands group of the Aleutian Islands of Alaska, making it the westernmost point of land relative to Alaska and the United States. ... Map of Kiska Kiska is an island in the Rat Islands group of the Aleutian Islands of Alaska located at 52. ...   literally North Sea Circuit, Ainu: Mosir), formerly known as Ezo, Yezo, Yeso, or Yesso, is Japans second largest island and the largest of its 47 prefectural-level subdivisions. ... Geneva Convention definition A prisoner of war (POW) is a soldier, sailor, airman, or marine who is imprisoned by an enemy power during or immediately after an armed conflict. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The Aleut Restitution Act of 1988 (also known as the Aleutian and Pribilof Islands Restitution Act) was a reparation settlement passed by the United States Congress in 1988, in response to the internment of Aleut people living in the Aleutian Islands during World War II. Before the Japanese invasion of... Type Bicameral Houses Senate House of Representatives President of the Senate President pro tempore Dick Cheney, (R) since January 20, 2001 Robert C. Byrd, (D) since January 4, 2007 Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi, (D) since January 4, 2007 Members 535 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political...


The World War II campaign to retake Attu and Kiska was a significant component of the operations of the Asian theater.


Culture and technology

A "barabara" (Aleut: ulax), the traditional Aleut winter house
A "barabara" (Aleut: ulax), the traditional Aleut winter house

Aleuts constructed "barabaras" -- partially underground houses. According to Lillie McGarvey, a twentieth-century Aleut leader, barabaras have the properties of "keeping occupants dry from the frequent rains, warm at all times, and snugly sheltered from the high winds common to the area". Image File history File links The traditional Aleut winter house, called a barabara or, in Aleut, an ulax, was a semi-subterranean dwelling with a driftwood/whale bone frame overlain with grass, earth, and sod. ... Image File history File links The traditional Aleut winter house, called a barabara or, in Aleut, an ulax, was a semi-subterranean dwelling with a driftwood/whale bone frame overlain with grass, earth, and sod. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999...


Hunting, weapon-making, building of baidarkas (special hunting boats), and weaving are some of the traditional arts of the Aleuts. Nineteenth-century craftsmen were famed for their ornate wooden hunting hats, which feature elaborate and colorful designs and may be trimmed with sea lion whiskers, feathers, and ivory. Aleut seamstresses created finely stitched waterproof parkas from seal gut, and some women still master the skill of weaving fine baskets from rye and beach grass. “Hunter” redirects here. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... An Aleutian style sea kayak is sometimes called a baidarka. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Genera Eumetopias Zalophus Otaria Neophoca Phocarctos Hundreds of California Sea Lions sunbathing on Pier 39 in San Francisco. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article is about the article of clothing. ... subfamilies Otariidae Phocidae Odobenidae Pinnipeds are large marine mammals belonging to the Pinnipedia, a family (sometimes a suborder or superfamily, depending on the classification scheme) of the order Carnivora. ... Tweed loom, Harris, 2004 Woven sheet Weaving is an ancient textile art and craft that involves placing two sets of threads or yarn made of fiber called the warp and weft of the loom and turning them into cloth. ... Binomial name Secale cereale M.Bieb. ... Cut grass growing on in the Hudson River Park Tall grass growing wild at Lyme Park Grass covered house in Iceland. ...


Aleut basketry is some of the finest in the world, the continuum of a craft dating back to prehistoric times and carried through to the present. Early Aleut women created baskets and woven mats of exceptional technical quality using only an elongated and sharpened thumbnail as tool. Today Aleut weavers continue to produce woven pieces of a remarkable cloth-like texture, works of modern art with roots in ancient tradition. The Aleut word for grass basket is qiigam aygaaxsii. Four styles of household basket. ...


In popular culture

In Neal Stephenson's novel Snow Crash, the character Raven is an Aleut harpooner seeking revenge for the US's nuclear testing on Amchitka. Neal Town Stephenson (born October 31, 1959) is an American writer, known primarily for his science fiction works in the postcyberpunk genre with a penchant for explorations of society, mathematics, currency, and the history of science. ... Snow Crash is Neal Stephensons third science fiction novel, published in 1992. ... Amchitka is a volcanic, tectonically unstable island in the Rat Islands group of the Aleutian Islands in southwest Alaska. ...


See also

Adamagan was an Aleut village, that at its peak was able to hold around 1000 people. ... The Aleutian Tradition began around 2500 BC and ended in AD 1800. ... Eskimos or Esquimaux are aboriginal people who inhabit the circumpolar region, excluding Scandinavia and most of Russia, but including the easternmost portions of Siberia. ...

References

  1. ^ including 5,000 part-Aleut[citation needed]

External links

  • Commander Islands, Kamchatka, Russia (in Russian) - About Commander Islands In Russian
  • Aleut (In Russian)
  • The AMIQ Institute - a research project documenting the Pribilof Islands and their inhabitants

  Results from FactBites:
 
The Aleut Foundation (198 words)
Supporting the economic and social needs of the Aleut (Unangan) people with Scholarship grants for post secondary education, Career Development grants for job enhancement and Burial Assistance grants for the shareholders and their decendents, of The Aleut Corporation.
The Aleut Foundation scholarship grants are for Original Enrollees of The Aleut Corporation, Descendants of Original Enrollees of The Aleut Corporation, Beneficiaries and Descendants of Beneficiaries of the Aleutian Pribilof Islands Restitution Trust.
To promote the welfare of an original enrollee of The Aleut Corporation, burial assistance will be provided to the families of deceased original and descendents of original enrollees of The Aleut Corporation.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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