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Encyclopedia > Alessandria
Comune di Alessandria

Municipal coat of arms
Country Flag of Italy Italy
Region Piedmont
Province Alessandria (AL)
Mayor
Elevation 95 m (312 ft)
Area 204 km² (79 sq mi)
Population (as of 2004)
 - Total 91,593
 - Density 502/km² (1,300/sq mi)
Time zone CET, UTC+1
Coordinates 44°55′N, 08°37′E
Gentilic Alessandrini
Dialing code 0131
Postal code 15100
Frazioni Spinetta Marengo, Castelceriolo, Lobbi, San Giuliano Nuovo, San Giuliano Vecchio, Mandrogne, Cascinagrossa, Litta Parodi, Valle San Bartolomeo, San Michele
Patron San Baudolino
 - Day November 10
Website: www.comune.alessandria.it

Alessandria (Lissandria in Piedmontese) is a city in Piedmont, Italy, and the capital of the Province of Alessandria. The city is sited on the river Tanaro, 55 miles southeast of Turin. Alessandria may refer to three towns in Italy, and to various things related to them Alessandria, a town in Piedmont Alessandria Calcio, Alessandria’s football club Alessandria della Paglia, the Roman Catholic diocese centred on Alessandria The Province of Alessandria, the Italian province with Alessandria as its capital For the... Image File history File links Alessandria-Stemma. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... The Regions of Italy were granted a degree of regional autonomy in the 1948 constitution, which states that the constitutions role is: to recognize, protect and promote local autonomy, to ensure that services at the State level are as decentralized as possible, and to adapt the principles and laws... For other uses, see Piedmont (disambiguation). ... In Italy, a province (in Italian: provincia) is an administrative division of intermediate level between municipality (comune) and region (regione). ... Alessandria (It. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries that do not observe summer time Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of the time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Central European Time West Africa Time British Summer Time* Irish Summer Time* Western European Summer Time* Category: ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a people or the inhabitants of a place. ... Here are a list of area codes in Italy. ... A frazione, in Italy, is the name given in administrative law to a type of territorial subdivision of a comune; for other subdivisions, see municipio, circoscrizione, quartiere. ... Saint Baudolino (c. ... is the 314th day of the year (315th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Piedmontese (also known as Piemontèis, and Piemontese in Italian) is a language spoken by over 2 million people in Piedmont, northwest Italy. ... Piedmont (Italian: Piemonte) is a region of northwestern Italy. ... Alessandria (It. ... The Tanaro (pronounced ‘Tànaro’), known as Tanarus in ancient times, is a 276 km-long river in north-western Italy. ... For other uses, see Turin (disambiguation). ...


Alessandria is also a major railway hub.

Contents

History

Alessandria was founded in 1168 upon a preexisting urban nucleus, to serve as a stronghold for the Lombard League, defending the traditional liberties of the communes of northern Italy against the Imperial forces of Frederick Barbarossa. Alessandria stood in the territories of the marchese of Monferrato, a staunch ally of the Emperor, with a name assumed in 1168 to honor the Emperor's opponent, Pope Alexander III. In 1174–75 the fortress was sorely tested by Imperial siege and stood fast. A legend (related in Umberto Eco's book Baudolino, and which recalls one concerning Bishop Herculanus’ successful defense of Perugia several centuries earlier) says it was saved by a quick-witted peasant, Gagliaudo: he fed his cow with the last grain remaining within the city, then took it outside the city walls until he reached the Imperial camp. Here he was captured, and his cow cut open to be cooked: when the Imperials found the cow's stomach filled with grain, Gagliaudo was asked the reason to waste such a rich meal. He answered that he was forced to feed his cow with grain because there was such a lot of it, and no room to place it within the city. The Emperor, fearing that the siege would last too long, left Alessandria free. (Malaria was probably the real cause of his departure.) A statue of Gagliaudo can be found on the left corner of the city cathedral. Alessandria was granted a charter as a free commune in 1198, but entered into jealous conflicts with the older communes of the region, in particular with Asti. The Lombard League was an alliance formed around 1167, which at its apex included most of the cities of northern Italy (although its membership changed in time), including, among others, Milan, Piacenza, Cremona, Mantua, Bergamo, Brescia, Bologna, Padua, Treviso, Vicenza, Verona, Lodi, and Parma, and even some lords, such as... Defensive towers at San Gimignano, Tuscany, bear witness to the factional strife within communes. ... This article is about the medieval empire. ... Frederick in a 13th century Chronicle Frederick I (German: Friedrich I. von Hohenstaufen)(1122 – June 10, 1190), also known as Friedrich Barbarossa (Frederick Redbeard) was elected king of Germany on March 4, 1152 and crowned Holy Roman Emperor on June 18, 1155. ... Montferrat (in Italian, Monferrato) is part of the province of Asti in Italy. ... Alexander III, né Orlando Bandinelli (c. ... Umberto Eco (born January 5, 1932) is an Italian medievalist, semiotician, philosopher and novelist, best known for his novel The Name of the Rose (Il nome della rosa) and his many essays. ... Baudolino is a 2000 novel by Umberto Eco about a young man named Baudolinos adventures in the known and mythical Christian world of the 12th century. ... Perugian coin of the 15th century (CNG Coins). ... Location of Perugia in Italy Coordinates: , Country Region Province Province of Perugia Government  - Mayor Renato Locchi Area  - City 449 km²  (1,165 sq mi) Elevation 493 m (1,617 ft) Population (July 2006)[1]  - City 161,390  - Density 359/km² (929. ... Asti is a city and comune in the Piemonte or Piedmont region, in north-western Italy, about 80 kilometres east of Turin in the plain of the Tanaro River. ...


In 1348 Alessandria fell into the hands of the Visconti and passed with their possessions to the Sforza, following the career of Milan, until 1707, when it was ceded to the House of Savoy and henceforth formed part of Piedmont. Visconti was a noble family that ruled Milan during the Middle Ages and Early Renaissance period. ... Sforza was a ruling family of Renaissance Italy, based in Milan. ... For other uses, see Milan (disambiguation). ... The House of Savoy or in Italian, La Casa di Savoia, or simply Casa Savoia, (or Savoie, French) is a dynasty of nobles who traditionally had their domain in Savoy, a region that includes present-day Piemonte, other parts of Northern Italy, and a smaller region in France. ... For other uses, see Piedmont (disambiguation). ...


With Napoleon's success at the Battle of Marengo (1800), it fell to France and became the capital of the Napoleonic Département of Marengo. During this period a substantial fort was built to the north of the city containing impressive and substantial barracks which are still used as a military HQ and stores (2006). The remains of a second fort to the south of the city (Christo quarter) have been sliced in two by a railway. Combatants French Consulate Austrian Empire Commanders Napoleon Bonaparte, Desaix† Michael von Melas Strength 28,000, 24 guns 31,000, 100 guns Casualties 1,100 killed, 3,600 wounded, 900 missing or captured 963 killed, 5,518 wounded, 2,921 captured In the Battle of Marengo (14 June 1800) Napoleons... Marengo is the name of a département of the First French Empire in present Italy. ...


From 1814 Alessandria was Savoyard territory once more, part of the Kingdom of Sardinia. Kingdom of Sardinia, in 1839: Mainland Piedmont with Savoy, Nice, and Sardinia in the inset. ...


During the years of the Risorgimento, Alessandria was an active center of the liberals. Italian unification, also known as Risorgimento (resurrection), was a historical process by which the Kingdom of Sardinia (ruled by the Savoy dynasty with Turin as its capital) gradually conquered the Italian peninsula, including the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, the Duchy of Modena, the Grand Duchy of Tuscany, the Duchy...


In a suburb, Spinetta Marengo, the Battle of Marengo is reenacted annually, on June 14. Reenactors of the American Civil War Historical reenactment is an activity in which participants recreate some aspects of a historical event or period. ... is the 165th day of the year (166th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Alessandria was the first capital of an Italian province to be governed by a Socialist: the clockmaker Paolo Sacco was elected sindaco. July 25, 1899. Socialism is a social and economic system (or the political philosophy advocating such a system) in which the economic means of production are owned and controlled collectively by the people. ...


Alessandria was a tactical military target during World War II and was subjected to intense Allied bombing, the most serious being the raids of April 30, 1944, with 238 dead and hundreds wounded, and April 5, 1945, with 160 deaths, among them 60 children from the children's asylum in Via Gagliaudo (when the town had already been freed by the partisans). Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... is the 120th day of the year (121st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 95th day of the year (96th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ...


On November 6, 1994 the Tanaro flooded a good part of the city, causing major damage, especially in the Orti quarter. is the 310th day of the year (311th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ...


Events

The Blues Brothers: Dan Aykroyd (left) and the late John Belushi The Blues Brothers is the name of a blues band fronted, incognito, by comedians Dan Aykroyd and John Belushi. ... Eddie Floyd (b. ... Al Di Meola (born Al Laurence Dimeola July 22, 1954 in Jersey City, New Jersey) is an American jazz fusion and Latin jazz guitarist. ... Taj Mahal Location of the Taj Mahal within India The Taj Mahal (Devanagari: ताज महल, Nastaliq: تاج محل) is a mausoleum located in Agra, India. ... For the book by William S. Burroughs, see The Soft Machine. ... Biondi Mario (born 1939) is an Italian writer. ... Michael Timothy Mick Abrahams (born 7 April 1943, in Luton, Bedfordshire, England) was the original guitarist for Jethro Tull. ... Clive Bunker (born 30 December 1946, in Luton, Bedfordshire, England) was a drummer for the British band, Jethro Tull, between 1967 and 1971. ... The Michele Pittaluga International Classical Guitar Competition is an annual music competition for young classical guitarists held in Alessandria, Italy. ...

People born in Alessandria

See also: Category:People from Alessandria
  • Saint Baudolino (c.700–c.740), hermit was born at Forum Fulvii, which now falls within the city.
  • Francesco Filiberti (15th century),sculptor.
  • Georgius Merula (c. 1430-1494), humanist and classical scholar,
  • Giovanni Mazzoni (15th–16th century),painter.
  • Giorgio Soleri (16th century),painter.
  • Giuseppe Vermiglio (16th–17th centuries),painter.
  • Giovanni Migliara (1785–1837), painter.
  • Andrea Vochieri (1796–1833), patriot.
  • Urbano Rattazzi (1808–1873), statesman of the Risorgimento.
  • Francesco Faà di Bruno (1825–1888), mathematician and priest.
  • Virginia Marini (1844–1018), actress.
  • Angelo Morbelli (1854–1919), painter.
  • Blessed Teresa Grillo Michel (1855–1944), founder of the Congregation of the Little Sisters of Divine Providence.
  • Sibilla Aleràmo (1876–1960), writer.
  • Pietro Morando (1889–1980), painter.
  • Giovanni Ferrari (1907–1982), footballer.
  • Umberto Eco (born 1932), writer.
  • Gianni Rivera (born 1943), footballer.
  • Andrea Chierico, writer.

Saint Baudolino (c. ... Georgius Merula (c. ... See also the specific life stance known as Humanism For the Renaissance liberal arts movement, see Renaissance humanism Humanism is a broad category of ethical philosophies that affirm the dignity and worth of all people, based on the ability to determine right and wrong by appeal to universal human qualities... Classics, particularly within the Western University tradition, when used as a singular noun, means the study of the language, literature, history, art, and other aspects of Greek and Roman culture during the time frame known as classical antiquity. ... Giuseppe Vermiglio, John the Baptist, oil on canvas, 55 x 45 cm. ... Urbano Rattazzi (June 20, 1808 – June 5, 1873) was an Italian statesman. ... Italian unification, also known as Risorgimento (resurrection), was a historical process by which the Kingdom of Sardinia (ruled by the Savoy dynasty with Turin as its capital) gradually conquered the Italian peninsula, including the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, the Duchy of Modena, the Grand Duchy of Tuscany, the Duchy... Francesco Faà di Bruno (1825—1888) was an Italian mathematician and priest, born at Alessandria. ... Blessed may refer to: The state of having received a blessing. ... Giovanni Ferrari (born December 6, 1907 in Alessandria; died December 2, 1982) was an Italian football (soccer) player. ... Umberto Eco (born January 5, 1932) is an Italian medievalist, semiotician, philosopher and novelist, best known for his novel The Name of the Rose (Il nome della rosa) and his many essays. ... Giovanni (Gianni) Rivera (born August 18, 1943 in Alessandria) was an Italian football player, the European Footballer of the Year in 1969. ...

Museums

  • The Marengo Battle Museum
  • Antiquarium Forum Fulvii
  • Sale d'arte
  • I percorsi del Museo Civico
  • Museo del Fiume
  • Museo di Scienze Naturali e Planetario
  • Museo Etnografico C'era una volta
  • Museo della Battaglia di Marengo
  • Museo del Cappello Borsalino

Sistema dei musei civici


External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
alessandria

  Results from FactBites:
 
Camera di commercio di Alessandria - HOME PAGE (285 words)
Le promozioni della Camera di commercio di Alessandria
Sportello Europa è un servizio delle Camere di Commercio piemontesi che offre gratuitamente informazioni operative per accedere ai finanziamenti comunitari, conoscere le normative dell’Unione europea e cercare partner commerciali oltreconfine.
Tutto il materiale di questo sito è © copyright 2002-2007 di Camera di commercio di Alessandria.
Ciaoalessandria - Introduzione all'alessandrino (269 words)
The territory around Alessandria, amid wide cultivated fields, marks the encounter, shortly before the main town of our province, between two important rivers, the Tanaro, that flows down from the West, and the Bormida, that moves on from the South, before they join into the Italian biggest river, the Po.
In Bosco Marengo Pope Saint Pius the Fifth was born in 1504 and here he began to build the church of the Holy Cross that includes a Dominican convent, realized upon a plan sketched by Ignazio Danti.
Alessandria is certainly the most important town of this territory, and of the entire province as well, with its history, its world-famous companies (who does not know “Borsalino”?), with its new university.
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