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Encyclopedia > Aleph (letter)
ʾĀleph
Arabic Syriac Hebrew Aramaic Phoenician
ܐ א ʾĀleph ʾĀleph
Pronunciation (IPA): ʔ
Position in alphabet: 1
Gematria/Abjad value: 1
Syriac alphabet
ܐ ܒ ܓ ܕ
ܗ ܘ ܙ ܚ ܛ ܝ
ܟܟ ܠ ܡܡ ܢܢ ܣ ܥ
ܦ ܨ ܩ ܪ ܫ ܬ

ʾĀleph is the reconstructed name of the first letter of the Proto-Canaanite alphabet, continued in descended Semitic alphabets as Phoenician aleph , Syriac 'Ālaph ܐ, Hebrew aleph, א, and Arabic ʾalif . Image File history File links Aleph in Imperial Aramaic Typefaces are not copyrightable in the U.S. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Phoenician Aleph. ... IPA may refer to: The International Phonetic Alphabet or India Pale Ale ... Gematria (גימטריה) is numerology of the Hebrew language and Hebrew alphabet. ... The Abjad numerals are a numeral system which was used in the Arabic-speaking world prior to the use of the Arabic numerals (which are actually of Indian origin). ... 11th century book in Syriac Serto. ...   Beth or Bet is the second letter of many Semetic alphabets, including Phoenician, Hebrew, and Aramaic. ...   Gimmel is the third letter of many Semitic alphabets, including Aramaic, Syriac, Phoenician and Hebrew. ... Dalet - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... He is the fifth letter of the Phoenician and Hebrew alphabets. ...   Vav or waw is the sixth letter of many Semitic alphabets, including Phoenician, Hebrew, Aramaic, and Arabic in abjadi order; it is the twenty-seventh in modern Arabic order. ... Zayin or Zain is the seventh letter of many Semitic alphabets, including Phoenician, Hebrew, and Aramaic. ...   Kheth or Het is the eighth letter of many Semitic alphabets, including Phoenician, Hebrew, and Aramaic. ... (also Teth, Tet) is the ninth letter of many Semitic abjads, including Phoenician, Aramaic, Hebrew , Syriac and Arabic (in abjadi order, 16th in modern order). ... Yud or Yodh is the tenth letter of many Semitic alphabets, including Phoenician, Hebrew, and Aramaic. ... Kaph or Kaf is the eleventh letter of the Phoenician and Hebrew alphabets. ... Lamed or Lamedh is the twelfth letter of the Phoenician and Hebrew alphabets. ... Mem is the thirteenth letter of the Phoenician and Hebrew alphabets. ... Nun is the fourteenth letter of the Phoenician and Hebrew alphabets. ... Samekh is the fifteenth letter of the Phoenician and Hebrew alphabets. ... Ayin is the sixteenth letter in many Semitic alphabets, including Phoenician, Hebrew, and Aramaic. ... This is about the Hebrew letter: for the Cyrillic letter, see Pe (Cyrillic). ... Tsade or Tsadi is the 18th letter in the Phoenician and Hebrew alphabets. ...   Qoph is the nineteenth letter in many Semitic alphabets, including Phoenician, Hebrew, and Aramaic. ... Resh is the twentieth letter of the Phoenician and Hebrew alphabets. ... Shin or Sin is the twenty-first letter in many Semitic abjads, including Phoenician, Aramaic, Hebrew and Arabic (in abjadi order, 12th in modern order). ... Taw or Tav is the 22nd letter of the Phoenician and Hebrew alphabets. ... Drawing of the 16 and 12 characters Wadi el-Hol inscriptions The Proto-Canaanite (also Proto-Sinaitic) alphabet is identified as the prototype of the Semitic alphabets that, mostly via the successful Phoenician alphabet became the ancestor of most scripts in use today. ... The history of the alphabet starts in ancient Egypt. ... The Phoenician alphabet dates from around 1400 BC and is related to the Proto-Canaanite alphabet. ... Phoenician Aleph. ... 11th century book in Syriac Serto. ... This article is mainly about Hebrew letters. ... Aleph is the first letter of the Hebrew alphabet, together with Arabic descended from Phoenician . Its original value was a glottal stop. ... The Arabic alphabet is the script used for writing in the Arabic language. ... Alif ﺍ is the first letter of the Arabic alphabet. ...


Aleph originally expressed the glottal stop (IPA [ʔ]), usually transliterated as ʾ, a symbol based on the Greek spiritus lenis ʼ, for example in the transliteration of the letter name itself, ʾāleph. The glottal stop or voiceless glottal plosive is a type of consonantal sound, used in many spoken languages. ... The International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is a system of phonetic notation devised by linguists to accurately and uniquely represent each of the wide variety of sounds (phones or phonemes) used in spoken human language. ... Transliteration in a narrow sense is a mapping from one system of writing into another. ... The spiritus lenis (soft breathing) or psilon pneuma (Greek: psilón, ψιλόν) is a diacritical mark used in Ancient Greek. ...


The Phoenician letter gave rise to the Greek Alpha (Α), being re-interpreted to express not the glottal consonant but the accompanying vowel, and hence the Latin and Cyrillic equivalents A and А. Alpha (uppercase Α, lowercase α) is the first letter of the Greek alphabet. ... In phonetics, a vowel is a sound in spoken language that is characterized by an open configuration of the vocal tract so that there is no build-up of air pressure above the glottis. ... Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ... The Cyrillic alphabet (or azbuka, from the old name of the first two letters) is an alphabet used to write six natural Slavic languages (Belarusian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Russian, Serbian, and Ukrainian) and many other languages of the former Soviet Union, Asia and Eastern Europe. ... Look up A and a in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A (А, а) is the first letter of the Cyrillic alphabet. ...


Origin

Aleph is thought to be derived from the West Semitic for "ox", and the shape of the letter derives from a Proto-Sinaitic glyph based on a hieroglyph depicting an ox's head, Binomial name Bos taurus Linnaeus, 1758 Cattle are domesticated ungulates, a member of the subfamily Bovinae of the family Bovidae. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with History of alphabets. ... A hieroglyph is one part of an ideographic writing system that is often found carved in stone. ...

In modern Hebrew, "aluf" means a domesticated animal, such as a bull or a sheep. In Aramaic, the letter is called "Alap." In modern Arabic, "aleef" literally means "domesticated".


Hebrew Aleph

Hebrew alphabet
א ב ג ד
ה ו ז ח ט י
כך ל מם נן ס ע
פף צץ ק ר ש ת
History · Transliteration
Niqqud · Dagesh · Gematria
Cantillation · Numeration
Main article: Aleph (Hebrew)

In Modern Israeli Hebrew, the letter is either a glottal stop, or has no pronunciation besides that of the vowel under it. This article is mainly about Hebrew letters. ... Aleph is the first letter of the Hebrew alphabet, together with Arabic descended from Phoenician . Its original value was a glottal stop. ...   Beth or Bet is the second letter of many Semetic alphabets, including Phoenician, Hebrew, and Aramaic. ...   Gimmel is the third letter of many Semitic alphabets, including Aramaic, Syriac, Phoenician and Hebrew. ... Dalet - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... He is the fifth letter of the Phoenician and Hebrew alphabets. ...   Vav or waw is the sixth letter of many Semitic alphabets, including Phoenician, Hebrew, Aramaic, and Arabic in abjadi order; it is the twenty-seventh in modern Arabic order. ... Zayin or Zain is the seventh letter of many Semitic alphabets, including Phoenician, Hebrew, and Aramaic. ...   Kheth or Het is the eighth letter of many Semitic alphabets, including Phoenician, Hebrew, and Aramaic. ... (also Teth, Tet) is the ninth letter of many Semitic abjads, including Phoenician, Aramaic, Hebrew , Syriac and Arabic (in abjadi order, 16th in modern order). ... Yud or Yodh is the tenth letter of many Semitic alphabets, including Phoenician, Hebrew, and Aramaic. ... Kaph or Kaf is the eleventh letter of the Phoenician and Hebrew alphabets. ... Lamed or Lamedh is the twelfth letter of the Phoenician and Hebrew alphabets. ... Mem is the thirteenth letter of the Phoenician and Hebrew alphabets. ... Nun is the fourteenth letter of the Phoenician and Hebrew alphabets. ... Samekh is the fifteenth letter of the Phoenician and Hebrew alphabets. ... Ayin is the sixteenth letter in many Semitic alphabets, including Phoenician, Hebrew, and Aramaic. ... This is about the Hebrew letter: for the Cyrillic letter, see Pe (Cyrillic). ... Tsade or Tsadi is the 18th letter in the Phoenician and Hebrew alphabets. ...   Qoph is the nineteenth letter in many Semitic alphabets, including Phoenician, Hebrew, and Aramaic. ... Resh is the twentieth letter of the Phoenician and Hebrew alphabets. ... Shin or Sin is the twenty-first letter in many Semitic abjads, including Phoenician, Aramaic, Hebrew and Arabic (in abjadi order, 12th in modern order). ... Taw or Tav is the 22nd letter of the Phoenician and Hebrew alphabets. ... This article is mainly about Hebrew letters. ... It has been suggested that Artscroll transliteration be merged into this article or section. ... In Hebrew orthography, Niqqud or Nikkud (Standard Hebrew נִקּוּד, Biblical Hebrew נְקֻדּוֹת, Tiberian Hebrew vowels) is the system of diacritical vowel points (or vowel marks) in the Hebrew alphabet. ... The dagesh (דגש) is a diacritic used in the Hebrew alphabet. ... Gematria (גימטריה) is numerology of the Hebrew language and Hebrew alphabet. ... Cantillation (Hebrew: ta`amei ha-mikra or just te`amim; Yiddish trope is also commonly used in English) comprises special signs or marks in the Masoretic text of the Hebrew Bible (or Tanakh) which complement the letters and vowel points. ... The system of Hebrew numerals is a quasi-decimal alphabetic numeral system using the letters of the Hebrew alphabet. ... Aleph is the first letter of the Hebrew alphabet, together with Arabic descended from Phoenician . Its original value was a glottal stop. ... Hebrew (עִבְרִית ‘Ivrit) is a Semitic language of the Afro-Asiatic language family spoken by more than 7 million people, mainly in Israel, the West Bank, the United States and by Jewish communities around the world. ... In Hebrew orthography, Niqqud or Nikkud (Standard Hebrew נִקּוּד, Biblical Hebrew נְקֻדּוֹת, Tiberian Hebrew vowels) is the system of diacritical vowel points (or vowel marks) in the Hebrew alphabet. ...


In gematria, aleph represents the number 1, and when used at the beginning of Hebrew years, it means 1000 (i.e. אתשנד in numbers would be the date 1754). Gematria (גימטריה) is numerology of the Hebrew language and Hebrew alphabet. ... The Hebrew calendar (Hebrew: ) or Jewish calendar is the annual calendar used in Judaism. ... // Events World Population 300 million. ... Numerals sans serif Arabic numerals, also known as Hindu-Arabic numerals, Indian numerals, Hindu numerals, European numerals, and Western numerals, are the most common symbolic representation of numbers around the world. ... A date in a calendar is a reference to a particular day by means of a calendar system. ...


Aleph is the subject of a midrash which praises its humility in not demanding to start the Bible. (In Hebrew the Bible is begun with the second letter of the alphabet, Bet.) In this folktale, Aleph is rewarded by being allowed to start the Ten Commandments. (In Hebrew, the first word is 'Anokhi, which starts with an aleph.) Midrash (pl. ...   Beth or Bet is the second letter of many Semetic alphabets, including Phoenician, Hebrew, and Aramaic. ... The Ten Commandments on a monument on the grounds of the Texas State Capitol This 1768 parchment (612x502 mm) by Jekuthiel Sofer emulated 1675 decalogue at the Esnoga synagogue of Amsterdam The Ten Commandments, or Decalogue, is a list of religious and moral imperatives which, according to the Bible, was...


Aleph also begins the three words that make up God's mystical name in Exodus, I Am That I Am, (in Hebrew, 'Ehye 'Asher 'Ehye), and aleph is an important part of mystical amulets and formulas. Exodus is the second book of the Torah (the Pentateuch) and also the Tanakh (the Hebrew Bible), and the Christian Old Testament. ... I am that I am (Hebrew: אהיה אשר אהיה, pronounced Ehyeh asher ehyeh) is the sole response God used in the Bible when Moses asked for his name (Exodus 3:14). ... An amulet from the Black Pullet grimoire An amulet (from Latin amuletum, meaning A means of protection) or a talisman (from Arabic tilasm, ultimately from Greek telesma or from the Greek word talein wich means to initiate into the mysteries. ...


Arabic Alif

The Arabic alphabet
هـ
History · Transliteration
Diacritics · hamza ء
Numerals · Numeration
Main article: Alif

Historically, the Arabic letter was used to render either a long [a:], or a glottal stop [ʔ]. This led to orthographical confusion, and to introduction of the additional letter hamza . The Arabic alphabet is the script used for writing in the Arabic language. ... Alif ﺍ is the first letter of the Arabic alphabet. ...   Beth or Bet is the second letter of many Semetic alphabets, including Phoenician, Hebrew, and Aramaic. ... Taw or Tav is the 22nd letter of the Phoenician and Hebrew alphabets. ... () is one of the six letters the Arabic alphabet added to the twenty-two inherited from the Phoenician alphabet (the others being , , , , ). It represents the voiceless dental fricative (IPA ). In name and shape, it is a variant of . ...   Gimmel is the third letter of many Semitic alphabets, including Aramaic, Syriac, Phoenician and Hebrew. ...   Kheth or Het is the eighth letter of many Semitic alphabets, including Phoenician, Hebrew, and Aramaic. ... () is one of the six letters the Arabic alphabet added to the twenty-two inherited from the Phoenician alphabet (the others being , , , , ). It represents the voiceless velar fricative (IPA ). In name and shape, it is a variant of (see also there). ... Dalet - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... () is one of the six letters the Arabic alphabet added to the twenty-two inherited from the Phoenician alphabet (the others being , , , , ). It represents the voiced dental fricative (IPA ). In name and shape, it is a variant of . ... Resh is the twentieth letter of the Phoenician and Hebrew alphabets. ... Zayin or Zain is the seventh letter of many Semitic alphabets, including Phoenician, Hebrew, and Aramaic. ... Shin or Sin is the twenty-first letter in many Semitic abjads, including Phoenician, Aramaic, Hebrew and Arabic (in abjadi order, 12th in modern order). ... Shin or Sin is the twenty-first letter in many Semitic abjads, including Phoenician, Aramaic, Hebrew and Arabic (in abjadi order, 12th in modern order). ... Tsade or Tsadi is the 18th letter in the Phoenician and Hebrew alphabets. ... () is one of the six letters the Arabic alphabet added to the twenty-two inherited from the Phoenician alphabet (the others being , , , , ). It represents a pharyngealized voiced alveolar plosive (IPA ). In name and shape, it is a variant of . ... (also Teth, Tet) is the ninth letter of many Semitic abjads, including Phoenician, Aramaic, Hebrew , Syriac and Arabic (in abjadi order, 16th in modern order). ... () is one of the six letters the Arabic alphabet added to the twenty-two inherited from the Phoenician alphabet (the others being , , , , ). It represents a = pharyngealized voiced dental or alveolar fricative (IPA or ). In name and shape, it is a variant of . ... Ayin is the sixteenth letter in many Semitic alphabets, including Phoenician, Hebrew, and Aramaic. ... () is one of the six letters the Arabic alphabet added to the twenty-two inherited from the Phoenician alphabet (the others being , , , , ). It represents the voiced velar fricative (IPA ). In name and shape, it is a variant of . ... This is about the Hebrew letter: for the Cyrillic letter, see Pe (Cyrillic). ...   Qoph is the nineteenth letter in many Semitic alphabets, including Phoenician, Hebrew, and Aramaic. ... Kaph or Kaf is the eleventh letter of the Phoenician and Hebrew alphabets. ... Lamed or Lamedh is the twelfth letter of the Phoenician and Hebrew alphabets. ... Mem is the thirteenth letter of the Phoenician and Hebrew alphabets. ... Nun is the fourteenth letter of the Phoenician and Hebrew alphabets. ... He is the fifth letter of the Phoenician and Hebrew alphabets. ...   Vav or waw is the sixth letter of many Semitic alphabets, including Phoenician, Hebrew, Aramaic, and Arabic in abjadi order; it is the twenty-seventh in modern Arabic order. ... Yud or Yodh is the tenth letter of many Semitic alphabets, including Phoenician, Hebrew, and Aramaic. ... If certain characters in this article display badly (as empty squares, question marks, etc), see Unicode. ... Due to the fact that the Arabic language has a number of phonemes that have no equivalent in English or other European languages, a number of different transliteration methods have been invented to represent certain Arabic characters, due to various conflicting goals: A desire to stay consistent with traditional usage... In Arabic orthography, harakat are the diacritic marks used to represent vowel sounds. ... For the Sahaba, see Hamza ibn Abd al-Muttalib For Hamza, the letter Ø¡ in the Arabic alphabet, representing /Ê”/, see (glottal stop). ... The Eastern Arabic numerals (also called Eastern Arabic numerals, Arabic-Indic numerals, Arabic Eastern Numerals) are the symbols (glyphs) used to represent the Hindu-Arabic numeral system in conjunction with the Arabic alphabet in Egypt, Iran, Pakistan and parts of India, and also in the no longer used Ottoman Turkish... arabic numeration This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... Alif ﺍ is the first letter of the Arabic alphabet. ... The glottal stop or voiceless glottal plosive is a type of consonantal sound, used in many spoken languages. ... For the Sahaba, see Hamza ibn Abd al-Muttalib For Hamza, the letter Ø¡ in the Arabic alphabet, representing /Ê”/, see (glottal stop). ...


The ʾalif madda is, as it were, a double alif, expressing both a glottal stop and a long vowel: (final ) ʼā [ʔæː]


The ʾalif maqṣūra is actually a dotless yāʼ, (final ) ā (ISO 233 ) pronounced [ɛ̈]. Yud or Yodh is the tenth letter of many Semitic abjads, including Phoenician, Aramaic, Hebrew , Syriac and Arabic (in abjadi order, 28th in modern order). ... The international standard ISO 233 establishes a system for the transliteration into Latin characters of Arabic characters. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
The Letter Aleph (1361 words)
The letter Aleph is the “father” of the Aleph-Bet, whose original pictograph represents an ox, strength, and leader.
Aleph is the first letter of the Hebrew alphabet and Tav the last, so, he reasoned, in the beginning God created the Aleph-Bet.
Yeshua is called the Aleph and the Tav, and the letter Aleph itself has overtones of the acharit hayamim, or “end of days” spoken of in prophecy.
Aleph - Revived Qabala - Hypertext Hebrew Alphabet - 1/Aleph/Alef - Infinite Unknowable Life/Death - Genesis Code - ... (0 words)
Aleph is the supreme energy, subtle, alive, but not existing as itself in the space-time world we know, because it is relative.
The next five letters are the completions of the alphabet, represented by five of the twenty two in "final" forms, which signify cosmic states of consciousness and the formation of transcendent, cosmically significant, structures.
Aleph and Yod are the two partners in the game of life, fundamentally in opposition and conflict: Aleph is timeless, Yod is time; Aleph is infinite life, Yod is limited existence.
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