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Encyclopedia > Aleksey Schusev

Aleksey Viktorovich Shchusev (Russian: Алексей Дмитриевич Щусев) (September 26, 1873, Kishinev - May 24, 1949, Moscow) was an acclaimed Russian architect whose works may be regarded as a bridge connecting Revivalist architecture of Imperial Russia with Stalin's Empire Style. September 26 is the 269th day of the year (270th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 96 days remaining. ... 1873 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Chişinău (Russian Кишинёв, Kishinyov, also Kishinev; Moldovan Cyrillic Кишинэу), estimated population 920,000 (2002), is the capital of Moldova. ... May 24 is the 144th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (145th in leap years). ... 1949 is a common year starting on Saturday. ... Saint Basils Cathedral Moscow (Russian/Cyrillic: Москва́, IPA:   listen?) is the capital of Russia, located on the river Moskva, and encompassing 1097. ... This article should be split into multiple articles accessible from a disambiguation page. ... Imperial Russia is the term used to cover the period of Russian history from the expansion of Russia under Peter the Great, through the expansion of the Russian Empire from the Baltic to the Pacific Ocean, to the deposal of Nicholas II of Russia, the last tsar, at the start... Iosif (usually anglicized as Joseph) Vissarionovich Stalin (Russian: Иосиф Виссарионович Сталин), original name Ioseb Jughashvili (Georgian: იოსებ ჯუღაშვილი; see Other names section) (December 21, 1879[1] – March 5, 1953) was a Bolshevik revolutionary and leader of the Soviet Union. ... Empire is an early 19th century style of architecture and furniture design that and originates from Napoleons rule of France. ...

Kazan Railway Station harks back to medieval Russian and Tatar architecture.
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Kazan Railway Station harks back to medieval Russian and Tatar architecture.

Schusev studied under Leon Benois and Ilya Repin at the Imperial Academy of Arts in 1891-97. From 1894 to 1899, he travelled in North Africa and Central Asia. Schusev was a diligent student of old Russian art and won public acclaim with his restoration of the 12th-century St Basil Church in Ovruch, Ukraine. He dwelt on 15th-century Muscovite architecture to design the Trinity Cathedral in Pochaevo Lavra and a memorial church on the Kulikovo Field. He was then commissioned by the royal family to design a cathedral for Marfo-Mariinsky Convent in Moscow. The result was a charming medieval structure of the purest Novgorodian style (1908-12). Ilyá Yefímovich Répin (Илья́ Ефи́мович Ре́пин) (August 5, 1844 (Julian calendar: July 24) – September 29, 1930) was a leading Russian painter and sculptor of the Peredvizhniki artistic school. ... The Imperial Academy of Arts, informally known as St Petersburg Academy of Arts, was opened by Count Ivan Shuvalov under the name of Academy of Three Noblest Arts in 1757. ... 1894 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1899 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... North Africa is a region generally considered to include: Algeria Egypt Libya Mauritania Morocco Sudan Tunisia Western Sahara The Canary Islands, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Azores and Madeira are sometimes considered to be a part of North Africa, though they do not share a common culture with North Africa. ... Map of Central Asia showing three sets of possible boundaries for the region Central Asia located as a region of the world Central Asia is a vast landlocked region of Asia. ... In Orthodox Christianity Lavra or Laura originally meant a cluster of cells or caves for hermits, with a church and sometimes a refectory at the center. ... Saint Basils Cathedral Moscow (Russian/Cyrillic: Москва́, IPA:   listen?) is the capital of Russia, located on the river Moskva, and encompassing 1097. ... Velikiy Novgorod (Но́вгород) is the foremost historic city of North-Western Russia, situated on the highway (and railway) connecting Moscow and St Petersburg. ...


Schusev embarked upon his most wide-scale project in 1913, when his design for the Kazan Railway Station won a contest for a Moscow terminus of the Trans-Siberian Railway. This Art Nouveau design fused elements of the Kremlin towers and traditional Tatar architecture in one of the most imaginative Revivalist designs ever put to execution. The construction of the railway station, however, was not finished until 1940. 1913 is a common year starting on Wednesday. ... Trans-Siberian line in red; Baikal Amur Mainline in green. ... Alfons Mucha, lithographed poster Dancel (1898). ... The following is a list of towers of Moscow Kremlin Borovitskaya The Borovitskya Tower (Russian: Боровицкая башня) is a corner tower with a through-passage on the west side of the Kremlin. ... 1940 was a leap year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ...


After briefly experimenting with Neoclassicism, Schusev turned to Constructivism in the 1920s. Upon Lenin's death in 1924 he was asked to design a mausoleum for him. It took him just several days to come up with an original architectural solution blending Constructivist elements with features taken from some ancient mausoleums, i.e., the Step Pyramid and the Tomb of Cyrus. Other notable Constructivist designs of Shchusev were the Ministry of Agriculture in Moscow (1928-33) and the Institute of Resorts in Sochi (1927-31). Neoclassicism (sometimes rendered as Neo-Classicism or Neo-classicism) is the name given to quite distinct movements in the visual arts, literature, theatre, music, and architecture. ... In education, constructivism is a learning theory which holds that knowledge is not transmitted unchanged from teacher to student, but instead that learning is an active process of learning. ... Vladimir Ilyich Lenin ( Russian: Влади́мир Ильи́ч Ле́нин  listen?), original surname Ulyanov (Улья́нов) ( April 22 (April 10 ( O.S.)), 1870 – January 21, 1924), was a Russian revolutionary, the leader of the Bolshevik party, the first Premier of the Soviet Union, and the founder of the ideology of Leninism. ... 1924 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... A mausoleum is a large and impressive tomb, usually constructed for a deceased leader. ... Lenins Tomb, with wall of the Kremlin and Russian parliament behind Lenins Mausoleum, also known as Lenins Tomb, situated in Red Square, Moscow, Russia, is the resting place of Vladimir Lenin. ... The Step Pyramid The Pyramid of Djoser was built for the burial of Pharaoh Djoser by his Vizier Imhotep. ... Tomb of Cyrus II Pasargadae is located 87 km (54 mi) northeast of Persepolis, in present Fars province in Iran, and was the first capital of the Persian Empire. ... Sochi Coat of Arms, adopted on 15 June 1967 Sochi (Russian: Со́чи) is the most popular Russian resort, situated in the Krasnodar Krai, near the Russian border with Abkhazia, Georgia. ...

Lenin's Mausoleum on Red Square was designed by Schusev in 3 days.
Lenin's Mausoleum on Red Square was designed by Schusev in 3 days.

After the mausoleum commission, Schusev was cherished by the Communist authorities. In 1926, he was nominated director of the Tretyakov Gallery. He was appointed head of the group that designed major bridges and apartment complexes in Moscow. His name was attached to the luxurious designs of the Hotel Moskva just a fews steps from Kremlin (1930-38) and the NKVD headquarters on Lubyanka Square (1940-47). Some say that he was the first to come up with the idea of Gothic scyscrapers in Moscow. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Lenins Tomb, with wall of the Kremlin and Russian parliament behind Lenins Mausoleum, also known as Lenins Tomb, situated in Red Square, Moscow, Russia, is the resting place of Vladimir Lenin. ... Red Square at night, with Lenins Tomb (center) Red Square (Russian Красная площадь, Krasnaya ploshchad) is a famous city square in Moscow, renowned as the location for military parades during the Soviet era. ... 1926 was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Portrait of Pavel Tretyakov (1883) The State Tretyakov Gallery is the foremost depository of Russian fine art in the world. ... Saint Basils Cathedral Moscow (Russian/Cyrillic: Москва́, IPA:   listen?) is the capital of Russia, located on the river Moskva, and encompassing 1097. ... Black Ravens by Boris Vladimirski, a depiction of the cars used by NKVD agents. ... Stalin ordered all the historic Lubyanka churches to be demolished in order to make way for the KGB headquarters Lubyanka Square in Moscow is not far from Red Square. ... Categories: Buildings and structures stubs | Moscow | Buildings and structures ...


It is debated whether these Stalinist designs were really Schusev's or if they were actually executed by his disciples. The discussion of their artistic merits was exacerbated when the Moscow authorities announced their intention to demolish the Hotel Moskva in 2004. Actually, all these designs, whether executed for Moscow, Tbilisi or Tashkent, featured Schusev's trademark blend of Neoclassical elements with national architectural traditions. 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Saint Basils Cathedral Moscow (Russian/Cyrillic: Москва́, IPA:   listen?) is the capital of Russia, located on the river Moskva, and encompassing 1097. ... View of Tiflis from the Grounds of Saint David Church, ca. ... Tashkent Tashkent (Toshkent or Тошкент in Uzbek, Ташке́нт in Russian; its name is Turkoman language for Stone City It is the current capital of Uzbekistan. ...


In 1946, Shchusev established the Museum of Architecture, which helped to preserve remnants of demolished medieval churches and monasteries. His last works of importance were the Komsomolskaya Subway Station, whose decoration was stylized after 17th-century Muscovite churches, and the plan for reconstruction of Novgorod after the old city had been destroyed by the Nazis. Shchusev died 4 years after the WWII and was buried at the Novodevichy Cemetery. 1946 was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Our Lady of the Don, by Theophanes the Greek. ... Velikiy Novgorod (Но́вгород) is the foremost historic city of North-Western Russia, situated on the highway (and railway) connecting Moscow and St Petersburg. ... German soldiers at the Battle of Stalingrad World War II was the most extensive and costly armed conflict in the history of the world, involving the great majority of the worlds nations, being fought simultaneously in several major theatres, and costing tens of millions of lives. ... Novodevichy Cemetery (Новодевичье кла́дбище) is located in Moscow, Russia and is the citys third most popular tourist site. ...


Shchusev was awarded the Stalin Prizes in 1941, 1946, 1948, and posthumously in 1952, the Order of Lenin and other orders and medals. The USSR State Prize (Russian:Госуда́рственная пре́мия СССР) was the Soviet Unions highest civilian honour. ... 1941 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1946 was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... 1948 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1952 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Order of Lenin (in Russian, the Orden Lenina (О́рден Ле́нина)), named after the leader of the Russian Revolution, was the highest national order of the Soviet Union. ...


External link

  • Schusev Museum of Architecture

  Results from FactBites:
 
Aleksey Shchusev - Biography of Aleksey Shchusev (729 words)
Schusev studied under Leon Benois and Ilya Repin at the Imperial Academy of Arts in 1891-97.
Schusev was a diligent student of old Russian art and won public acclaim with his restoration of the 12th-century St Basil Church in Ovruch, Ukraine.
Schusev embarked upon his most wide-scale project in 1913, when his design for the Kazan Railway Station won a contest for a Moscow terminus of the Trans-Siberian Railway.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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