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Encyclopedia > Aleksei Nikolaevich Tolstoi
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Aleksei Nikolaevich Tolstoi (Russian: Алексей Николаевич Толстой) (January 10, 1883 (December 29, 1882 (O.S.)) - February 23, 1945), nicknamed the Comrade Count, was a Soviet Russian writer who wrote in many genres but specialized in science fiction and historical novels. Jump to: navigation, search January 10 is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1883 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search December 29 is the 363rd day of the year (364th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 2 days remaining. ... 1882 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search In Britain and countries of the British Empire, Old Style or O.S. after a date means that the date is in the Julian calendar, in use in those countries until 1752; New Style or N.S. means that the date is in the Gregorian calendar... Jump to: navigation, search February 23 is the 54th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1945 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ...


He was born in Nikolaevsk (now Pugachyov, Saratov Oblast) in 1883 into an impoverished branch of the Counts Tolstoy. His father was a count N.A.Tolstoi and his mother was a children's writer A.L.Bostrom (born Turgeneva). Categories: Russia geography stubs | Oblasts of Russia ... Jump to: navigation, search 1883 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search Coat of arms of Count Leo Tolstoy Tolstoy, or Tolstoi (Russian: ) is a prominent family of Russian nobility, descending from one Andrey Kharitonovich Tolstoy (i. ...


Tolstoy's early short stories were panned by Alexander Blok and other leading critics for their excessive naturalism, wanton eroticism, and general lack of taste in the manner of Mikhail Artsybashev. Some pornographic stories were published under Tolstoy's name in the 1990s, purportedly written by him in his early years, but most critics remain sceptical as to Tolstoy's authorship of them. Blok in 1907 Alexander Blok (Александр Александрович Блок, November 16, 1880 - August 7, 1921), was probably the most gifted lyrical poet that Russia produced after Alexander Pushkin. ... Naturalism refers to a number of different topics: Philosophical naturalism: the view that nothing exists but the world — that there are no supernatural entities. ... Mikhail Artsybashev Mikhail Petrovich Artsybashev ( Russian: October 24 Old Style 1878- March 3, 1927) was a leading exponent of Naturalism in the Russian literature. ... Pornography (from Greek πορνογραφια pornographia — literally writing about or drawings of harlots) is the representation of the human body or human sexual behaviour with the goal of sexual arousal, similar to, but (according to some) distinct from, erotica. ...


Aleksei Tolstoi left Russia in 1917 during the Bolshevik revolution but changed his political beliefs and returned in 1925. He became a staunch supporter of Communist Party until the end of his life, writing stories eulogizing Stalin and collaborating with Maxim Gorky on the infamous account of their trip to labour camps. He published two lengthy novels on historical subjects, Peter the First (1929-45), seeking to demonstrate the similarity of Peter's policies to those of Stalin, and The Road to Calvary (1922-41), tracking the Russian Civil War over the period from 1914 to 1919. He also wrote several plays. Jump to: navigation, search Leaders of the Bolshevik Party and the Communist International, a painting by Malcolm McAllister on the Pathfinder Mural in New York City and on the cover of the book Lenin’s Final Fight published by Pathfinder. ... Jump to: navigation, search The phrase Russian Revolution can refer to the following events in the history of Russia. ... Jump to: navigation, search In modern usage, a communist party is a political party which promotes communism, a sociopolitical philosophy based on the particular interpretation of Marxism put forth by Vladimir Lenin. ... Iosif (usually anglicized as Joseph) Vissarionovich Stalin (Russian: Иосиф Виссарионович Сталин), original name Ioseb Jughashvili (Georgian: იოსებ ჯუღაშვილი; see Other names section) (December 21, 1879[1] – March 5, 1953) was a Bolshevik revolutionary and leader of the Soviet Union. ... Gorkys autographed portrait Aleksei Maksimovich Peshkov (In Russian Алексей Максимович Пешков) (March 28; March 16 Old Style, 1868–June 14, 1936), better known as Maxim Gorky (Максим Горький), was a Soviet/Russian author, a founder of the socialist realism literary method and a political activist. ... The Russian Civil War was fought between 1918 and 1922. ...


Aleksei Tolstoi is usually crediting with writing some of the first and best science fiction in the Russian language. His novels Aelita (1923), about a journey to the Mars, and Engineer Garin's Death Ray (1927) proved popular with teenager public. The former novel spawned a pioneering sci-fi movie in 1924. Besides Aelita (1924), there were many movies based on his novels released in the USSR. Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... Jump to: navigation, search Russian (Russian: русский язык, russkij jazyk, listen ▶(?)) is the most widely spoken language of Europe and the most widespread of the Slavic languages. ... Jump to: navigation, search Aelita, also known as Aelita: Queen of Mars, is a silent movie directed by Soviet filmmaker Yakov Protazanov and released in 1924. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1924 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search Film refers to the celluloid media on which movies are printed Film is a term that encompasses motion pictures as individual projects, as well as the field in general. ...


Tolstoy also wrote several books for children, starting with Nikita's Childhood, a memorable account of his son's childhood. In 1936, he produced a hugely popular adaptation of Italian fairy tales about Pinocchio, entitled the Adventures of Buratino and the Golden Key. Jump to: navigation, search 1936 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search Pinoccho and his father Geppetto are reunited. ...


Works

  • Lirika, a poetry collection (1907)
  • The Ordeal (1918)
  • Nikita's Childhood (1921)
  • The Road to Cavalry, a trilogy (1921-40, Stalin Prize in 1943)
  • Aelita (1923)
  • Death Ray of Garin (1926)
  • Peter I (1929-34, Stalin Prize in 1941)
  • A Week in Turenevo (1958)

The USSR State Prize (Russian:Госуда́рственная пре́мия СССР) was the Soviet Unions highest civilian honour. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1943 is a common year starting on Friday. ... Jump to: navigation, search Aelita, also known as Aelita: Queen of Mars, is a silent movie directed by Soviet filmmaker Yakov Protazanov and released in 1924. ... The USSR State Prize (Russian:Госуда́рственная пре́мия СССР) was the Soviet Unions highest civilian honour. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1941 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Aleksei Nikolaevich Tolstoi (398 words)
Tolstoi's early short stories were panned by Alexander Blok and other leading critics of the time for their excessive naturalism, wanton eroticism, and general lack of taste in the manner of Mikhail Artsybashev.
Aleksei Tolstoi left Russia in 1917 during the Bolshevik October Revolution and emigrated first to Germany and later to France.
Aleksei Tolstoi is usually credited with having produced some of the earliest (and best) science fiction in the Russian language.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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