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Encyclopedia > Alejo Carpentier

Alejo Carpentier y Valmont (December 26, 1904April 24, 1980) was a Cuban novelist, essay writer, and musicologist who greatly influenced Latin American literature during its famous "boom" period. December 26 is the 360th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, 361st in leap years. ... 1904 (MCMIV) was a leap year starting on a Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... April 24 is the 114th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (115th in leap years). ... 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... Latin America consists of the countries of South America and some of North America (including Central America and some the islands of the Caribbean) whose inhabitants mostly speak Romance languages, although Native American languages are also spoken. ...


Carpentier was born in Lawrence, Mass. For a long time it was believed that he was born in La Habana, Cuba, where he moved immediately after birth, but following his death a birth certificate was found in Switzerland. His mother was a Russian professor of languages and his father was a French architect. At 12, his family moved to Paris, where he began to study music theory. When they returned to Cuba, he began a study of architecture which he never completed. He became a leftist journalist and spent some time in prison before going into exile in France. There he was introduced to the surrealists, including André Breton, Paul Eluard, Louis Aragon, Jacques Prévert, and Antonin Artaud. While in France, he made several visits to Spain, during which he developed a fascination for the Baroque. Architect at his drawing board, 1893 An architect is a person involved in the planning, designing and oversight of a buildings construction. ... , The Eiffel Tower, the tallest structure in Paris, is an international symbol of the city. ... Music theory is a field of study that describes the elements of music and includes the development and application of methods for analyzing and composing music, and the interrelationship between the notation of music and performance practice. ... André Breton (February 18, 1896 – September 28, 1966) was a French writer, poet, and surrealist theorist. ... Paul Éluard was the nom de plume of Eugène Grindel (December 14, 1895 - November 18, 1952), a French poet. ... Louis Aragon (October 3, 1897 - December 24, 1982), French historian, poet and novelist. ... Jacques Prévert (February 4, 1900 in Neuilly-sur-Seine - April 11, 1977 in Omonville-la-Petite) was a French poet and screenwriter Prévert was associated with surrealism and Pataphysics, and his poems are typically about life in Paris and life after the Second World War. ... Antonin Artaud Antonin Artaud (September 4, 1896–March 4, 1948) was a playwright, actor, and director. ...


He returned to Cuba and continued to work as a journalist. There, he attended a voodoo ceremony that was to develop his interest in Afro-Cubanism. In 1943, he made a crucial trip to Haiti, during which he visited the fortress of La Ferriere and the Palace of Sans-Souci, both built by the black king Henri Christophe. A large sequined Voodoo drapo or flag by the artist George Valris The term Voodoo (Vodun in Benin; also Vodou or other phonetically equivalent spellings in Haiti; Vudu in the Dominican Republic) is applied to the branches of a West African ancestor-based spiritist-animist religious tradition. ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) is a common year starting on Friday. ...


Widely known for his baroque style of writing and his theory of "lo real maravilloso," his most famous works include Ecue-yamba-o! ("Praised Be the Lord!", 1933), The Kingdom of this World (1949) and The Lost Steps (1953). It was in the prologue to The Kingdom, a novel of the Haitian Revolution, that he described his vision of "lo real maravilloso" or the marvelous real, which some critics interpret as being synonymous with magical realism. 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1949 (MCMXLIX) is a common year starting on Saturday. ... 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link is to a full 1953 calendar). ... The Haitian Revolution was the first and only successful slave rebellion in the Western Hemisphere and established Haiti as a free, black republic, the first of its kind. ... Magic Realism (or Magical Realism) is an illustrative or literary technique in which the laws of cause and effect seem not quite to apply in otherwise real world situations. ...


From 1945 to 1959, he lived in Venezuela, which is the obvious inspiration for the unnamed South American country in which much of The Lost Steps is set. 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


He returned to Cuba after the revolution in 1959 and served as Cuban ambassador to France. He received the Cervantes Prize in 1977 and the French Prix Medici in 1979.


Carpentier was struggling with cancer as he completed his final novel and he died in Paris on April 24, 1980. 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Alejo Carpentier - Wikipedia (346 words)
Carpentier war der Sohn eines französischen Architekten und einer Russin in Havanna.Er studierte Architektur, Literatur und Musikwissenschaft.
Mit dem Sieg des Faschismus in Europa 1939 kehrte Carpentier wieder nach Havanna zurück, lehrte als Professor für Musikwissenschaft an der Universität, schrieb Zeitungsbeiträge und arbeitete für eine staatliche Rundfunkanstalt.
" Lateinamerika wurde für Carpentier, gerade in einer Zeit, in der Europa von totalitären Systemen beherrscht wurde, zu einer positiven Utopie, in der sich das Wunderbare nicht nur in den Entwürfen von Künstlern, sondern in der Realität finden lässt.
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