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Encyclopedia > Aldo Leopold

Aldo Leopold (January 11, 1887 - April 21, 1948) was a United States ecologist, forester, and environmentalist. He was influential in the development of modern environmental ethics and in the movement for wilderness preservation. Aldo Leopold is considered to be the father of wildlife management in the United States and was a life-long fisherman and hunter. Leopold died in 1948 from a heart attack, while fighting a brush fire on a neighbor's farm. January 11 is the 11th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1887 (MDCCCLXXXVII) is a common year starting on Saturday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar. ... April 21 is the 111th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (112th in leap years). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Ecology is the branch of science that studies the distribution and abundance of living organisms, and the interactions between organisms and their environment. ... A forester is a person who is engaged in forestry by creating and managing forests. ... Bold textHello ... Wildlife management is a process for seeking to keep certain wildlife populations at a level felt to be more tolerable by the people undertaking the management. ...


Life and work

Aldo Leopold was born in Burlington, Iowa. He grew up in contact with the outdoors – the fields, trees, meadows, creeks and rivers. His nature writing is notable for its simple directness. His portrayals of various natural environments through which he had moved, or had known for many years, displayed impressive intimacy with what exists and happens in nature. He seemed to know a landscape the way an audiophile knows his sound system and music collection, or the way a mother knows the bodies and personalities of her young children. U.S. 34 over the Mississippi River in Burlington. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Nature writing is traditionally defined as nonfiction prose writing about the natural environment. ...

For secondary education Leopold attended the prestigious Lawrenceville School in Lawrenceville, New Jersey, after which he moved on to the Yale University School of Forestry. He received his Master's degree in Forestry in 1909. Leopold developed an appreciation for nature in terms of ecology, beauty and mystery, as well as in terms of a source of resources. Thereafter, his professional life encompassed forestry, ecology and writing. The Lawrenceville School is a coeducational, independent boarding school for grades 9-12 located on 700 acres in the historic community of Lawrenceville, in Lawrence Township, New Jersey, five miles southwest of Princeton. ... Official language(s) None, English de facto Capital Trenton Largest city Newark Area  Ranked 47th  - Total 8,729 sq mi (22,608 km²)  - Width 70 miles (110 km)  - Length 150 miles (240 km)  - % water 14. ... The Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies was founded as the Yale School of Forestry in 1900 by Gifford Pinchot, head of the United States Division of Forestry, and Henry Solon Graves, both Yale graduates who had attended forestry school in Europe, there being no professional forestry schools in... 1909 (MCMIX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...

Leopold served for 19 years in the United States Forest Service, working in the American Southwest (New Mexico and Arizona) until he was transferred in 1924 to the Forest Products Lab in Madison, Wisconsin. In 1928 he left the Forest Service and started doing independent contract work. He mostly did wildlife and game surveys throughout the U.S. Image File history File links Book cover with Aldo Leopolds photo portrait (book by Curt Meine), located on Web. ... The USDA Forest Service, a United States government agency within the United States Department of Agriculture, is under the leadership of the United States Secretary of Agriculture. ... Regional definitions vary from source to source. ... 1924 (MCMXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Nickname: Mad Town or Mad City Location of Madison in Dane County, Wisconsin Municipality City Incorporated 1848 Mayor Dave Cieslewicz Area    - City 136. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ...

In 1933 he was appointed Professor of Game Management in the Agricultural Economics Department at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. He lived in a modest two-story home close to the campus with his wife and children, and he taught at the university until his death. Today, his home is an official landmark of the city of Madison and is occupied by Elizabeth Loniello. One of his sons, Luna, went on to become a noted hydrologist. 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... The University of Wisconsin–Madison is a public research university located in Madison, Wisconsin. ... Luna Bergere Leopold (b. ... Water covers 70% of the Earths surface. ...

An advocate for the preservation of wildlife and wilderness areas, Leopold became a founder of The Wilderness Society in 1935. Named in his honor, the Aldo Leopold Wilderness lies within the boundaries of the Gila National Forest, in New Mexico. Leopold was instrumental in the proposal for Gila to be managed as a wilderness area. As a result, in 1924, Gila National Forest became the first designated wilderness area by the US government. [1] Together, the Leopold Wilderness and Gila National Forest, often are considered the starting point for the modern wilderness-conservation movement throughout the U.S. TWS is composed of spirited people protecting Americas Wilderness since 1935 through the potent combination of science, advocacy and education. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Aldo Leopold Wilderness was designated in 1980 by the United States Congress and has a total of 202,016 acres. ... The Gila National Forest is a protected national forest in New Mexico in the southwestern United States established in 1905. ... Capital Santa Fe Largest city Albuquerque Area  Ranked 5th  - Total 121,665 sq mi (315,194 km²)  - Width 342 miles (550 km)  - Length 370 miles (595 km)  - % water 0. ... Broadly, a wilderness area is a region where the land is left in a state where human modifications are minimal; that is, as a wilderness. ...

Leopold offered frank criticism of the harm he believed was frequently done to natural systems (such as land) out of a sense of a culture or society's sovereign ownership over the land base – eclipsing any sense of a community of life to which humans belong. He felt the security and prosperity resulting from "mechanization" now gives people the time to reflect on the preciousness of nature and to learn more about what happens there.

A Sand County Almanac

Leopold wrote A Sand County Almanac (hardcover ISBN 0-19-505305-2, paperback ISBN 0-345-34505-3), which has been read by millions and has informed and spurred the environmental movement and a widespread interest in ecology as a science. By the same token, the Wilderness Society and Leopold’s work in it were important precursors to the environmental movement that coalesced around the time of the first Earth Day. Aldo Leopold (January 11, 1887 - April 21, 1948) was a United States ecologist, forester, and environmentalist. ... This article or section may contain original research or unverified claims. ... Ernst Haeckel coined the term oekologie in 1866. ... Earth Day Flag. ...

Published in 1949, shortly after Leopold's death, A Sand County Almanac is a combination of natural history, scene painting with words, and philosophy. It is perhaps best known for the following quote concerning ecological ethics: "A thing is right when it tends to preserve the integrity, stability, and beauty of the biotic community. It is wrong when it tends otherwise." 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1949 calendar). ...


In "The Land Ethic," a chapter of A Sand County Almanac, Leopold delves into conservation in "The Ecological Conscience" section. He wrote: "Conservation is a state of harmony between men and land."

Leopold felt it was generally agreed that more conservation education was needed; however quantity and content were up for debate. The conservation ethic is an ethic of resource use, allocation, exploitation, and protection. ...

As it seemed to Leopold, curriculum-content guidelines current at the time he was writing (late 1940s) boiled down to: obey the law, vote right, join some organizations and practice what conservation is profitable on your own land; the government will do the rest. He was critical of this "formula." To him, it appeared to serve self-interest but it did not address ethical questions. Ethics (from the Ancient Greek ethikos, meaning arising from habit), a major branch of philosophy, is the study of value or quality. ...

This fact brought him to the conclusion that obligations have no meaning without conscience, and the problem we face is the extension of the social conscience from people to land. At the time he was writing, he believed that, without benefit of philosophy and religion, conservation had been minimized.

Ethical issues

With the hopes of addressing ethical issues as well as educational challenges, Leopold put forward an example in the issue of Wisconsin's southwestern topsoil slipping seaward. In 1933 the public offered assistance to farmers who adopted remedial practices for five years, which was widely accepted. Once the five-year period was completed, the farmers only continued practices that offered economic gain for themselves, disregarding practices which were profitable for the community. In response, the Wisconsin Legislature passed the Soil Conservation District Law in 1937 that allowed farmers to write rules for land use themselves. Even with the additional incentives of free technical service and the availability of specialized machinery for loan, rules that would benefit the community continued to be ignored as no rules were written. A small amount of progress did occur, but not enough to address the pertinent problems. This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Topsoil is the uppermost layer of soil, usually the top six to eight inches. ... 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Wisconsin Legislature, based in Madison, is bicameral and is composed of the Wisconsin State Assembly and the Wisconsin Senate. ... 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ...

See also

The timeline of environmental events is a historical account of events that have shaped humanitys perspective on the environment. ...

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Aldo Leopold

  Results from FactBites:
About Aldo Leopold - Edge of the Prairie - bigEastern.com (463 words)
The Aldo Leopold Foundation was founded in 1949 to "continue the work and teachings of Aldo Leopold and to protect the family farm along the Wisconsin River".
Aldo Leopold: A Fierce Green Fire is a biography by Marybeth Lorbiecki.
Prefaces by Carolyn Clugston Leopold and Luna Bergere Leopold.
  More results at FactBites »



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