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Encyclopedia > Alder
iAlder
Alnus serrulata (Tag Alder)Male catkins on right,mature female catkins leftJohnsonville, South Carolina
Alnus serrulata (Tag Alder)
Male catkins on right,
mature female catkins left
Johnsonville, South Carolina
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Fagales
Family: Betulaceae
Genus: Alnus
Mill.
Species

About 20-30 species, see text. tag alder blossom Image taken by me, released under GFDL Pollinator 14:54, 13 Feb 2004 (UTC) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Johnsonville is a city located in Florence County, South Carolina. ... Scientific classification or biological classification is how biologists group and categorize extinct and living species of organisms. ... Divisions Green algae Chlorophyta Charophyta Land plants (embryophytes) Non-vascular plants (bryophytes) Marchantiophyta - liverworts Anthocerotophyta - hornworts Bryophyta - mosses Vascular plants (tracheophytes) †Rhyniophyta - rhyniophytes †Zosterophyllophyta - zosterophylls Lycopodiophyta - clubmosses †Trimerophytophyta - trimerophytes Equisetophyta - horsetails Pteridophyta - true ferns Psilotophyta - whisk ferns Ophioglossophyta - adderstongues Seed plants (spermatophytes) †Pteridospermatophyta - seed ferns Pinophyta - conifers Cycadophyta - cycads Ginkgophyta... Classes Magnoliopsida - Dicots Liliopsida - Monocots The flowering plants (also called angiosperms) are the dominant and most familiar group of land plants. ... Orders See text. ... Families included in the Kew list: Fagaceae - Beech family   (including Nothofagaceae) Betulaceae - Birch family Corylaceae - Hazel family Ticodendraceae not included in the Kew list: Casuarinaceae - She-oak family Juglandaceae - Walnut family Rhoipteleaceae Myricaceae The Fagales are an order of flowering plants, including some of the best known trees. ... Genera Alnus - Alder Betula - Birch Carpinus - Hornbeam Corylus - Hazel Ostrya - Hop-hornbeam Ostryopsis - Hazel-hornbeam Betulaceae, or the Birch Family, includes six genera of deciduous nut-bearing trees and shrubs, including the birches, alders, hazels, hornbeams and hop-hornbeams. ... Philip Miller (1691 - 1771) was a botanist of Scottish descent. ...

Alder is the common name of a genus of flowering plants (Alnus) belonging to the birch family (Family Betulaceae). The genus comprises about 30 species of monoecious trees and shrubs, few reaching large size, distributed throughout the North Temperate zone, and in the New World also along the Andes southwards to Chile. The leaves are deciduous (evergreen or nearly so in a few species), alternate, simple, and serrated. The flowers are catkins with elongate male catkins on the same plant as shorter female catkins, often before leaves appear; they are mainly wind-pollinated, but also visited by bees to a small extent. They differ from the birches (Betula, the other genus in the family) in that the female catkins are woody and do not disintegrate at maturity, opening to release the seeds in a similar manner to many conifer cones. In biology, a genus (plural genera) is a taxonomic grouping. ... Classes Magnoliopsida - Dicots Liliopsida - Monocots The flowering plants (also called angiosperms) are the dominant and most familiar group of land plants. ... Genera Alnus - Alder Betula - Birch Carpinus - Hornbeam Corylus - Hazel Ostrya - Hop-hornbeam Ostryopsis - Hazel-hornbeam Betulaceae, or the Birch Family, includes six genera of deciduous nut-bearing trees and shrubs, including the birches, alders, hazels, hornbeams and hop-hornbeams. ... In biology, a species is one of the basic units of biodiversity. ... Plant sexuality deals with the wide variety of sexual reproduction systems found across the plant kingdom. ... The coniferous Coast Redwood, the tallest tree species on earth. ... A broom shrub in flower A shrub or bush is a horticultural rather than strictly botanical category of woody plant, distinguished from a tree by its multiple stems and lower height, usually less than 6 m tall. ... Carte dAmérique, Guillaume Delisle, c. ... The Andes form the longest mountain chain in the world. ... The leaves of a Beech tree A leaf with laminar structure and pinnate venation In botany, a leaf is an above-ground plant organ specialized for photosynthesis. ... Deciduous means temporary or tending to fall off (deriving from the Latin word decidere, to fall off). ... A Silver Fir shoot showing three successive years of retained leaves In botany, an evergreen plant is a plant which retains its leaves year-round, with each leaf persisting for more than 12 months. ... Clivia miniata A cluster of flowers (Clivia miniata) A flower, (<Old French flo(u)r<Latin florem<flos), also known as a bloom or blossom, is the reproductive structure found in flowering plants (plants of the division Magnoliophyta, also called angiosperms). ... A male catkin on a willow Male catkins on a Common Hazel in January before opening Catkins, or aments, are slim, cylindrical flower clusters, wind-pollinated and without petals, that can be found in many plant families, including Betulaceae, Fagaceae, Moraceae, and Salicaceae. ... Families Andrenidae Apidae Colletidae Halictidae Megachilidae Melittidae Stenotritidae Bee collecting pollen Bees (a monophyletic lineage within the superfamily Apoidea, presently classified by the unranked taxon name Anthophila) are flying insects, closely related to wasps and ants. ... Species Many species; see text and classification Birch is the name of any tree of the genus Betula, in the family Betulaceae, closely related to the beech/oak family, Fagaceae. ... Mature female European Black Pine cone Male cones of a pine A cone (in formal botanical usage: strobilus, plural strobili) is an organ on plants in the division Pinophyta (conifers) that contains the reproductive structures. ...


The best-known species is the Common or Black Alder (A. glutinosa), native to most of Europe and widely introduced elsewhere. The largest species is Red Alder (A. rubra), reaching 35 m (the tallest is 32 m) on the west coast of North America, with Black Alder and Italian Alder (A. cordata) both reaching about 30 m. By contrast, the widespread Green Alder (A. viridis) is rarely more than a 5 m shrub. Binomial name Alnus glutinosa L. Black Alder (Alnus glutinosa) is an alder tree native to most of Europe, including all of Britain, and locally in southwest Asia. ... World map showing Europe A satellite composite image of Europe Europe is one of the six inhabited continents of the Earth. ... Binomial name Alnus rubra Bong. ... World map showing North America A satellite composite image of North America. ... Binomial name Alnus cordata Desf. ... Binomial name Alnus viridis (Chaix. ...


The common name alder is derived from an old Germanic root. The botanic name Alnus is the original Latin name. Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome. ...


Classification

The genus is divided into three subgenera:


Subgenus Alnus. Trees. Shoot buds stalked. Male and female catkins produced in autumn (fall) but staying closed over winter, pollinating in late winter or early spring. About 15-25 species, including:

  • A. acuminata - Andean Alder. Andes Mountains, South America.
  • A. cordata - Italian Alder. Italy.
  • Alnus formosana -Formosan Alder
  • A. glutinosa - Black Alder. Europe.
  • A. incana - Grey Alder. Europe & Asia.
    • A. oblongifolia (A. incana subsp. oblongifolia) - Arizona Alder. Southwestern North America.
    • A. rugosa (A. incana subsp. rugosa) - Speckled Alder. Northeastern North America.
    • A. tenuifolia (A. incana subsp. tenuifolia) - Thinleaf Alder or Mountain Alder. Northwestern North America.
  • A. japonica - Japanese Alder. Japan.
  • A. jorullensis - Mexican Alder. Mexico, Guatemala.
  • A. orientalis - Oriental Alder. Southern Turkey, northwest Syria, Cyprus.
  • A. rhombifolia - White Alder. Interior western North America.
  • A. rubra - Red Alder. West coastal North America.
  • A. serrulata - Hazel alder, Tag Alder or Smooth alder. Eastern North America.
  • A. subcordata - Caucasian Alder. Caucasus, Iran.

Subgenus Clethropsis. Trees or shrubs. Shoot buds stalked. Male and female catkins produced in autumn (fall) and expanding and pollinating then. Three species: Binomial name Alnus cordata Desf. ... Trees to 20 m tall; bark dark gray-brown. ... Binomial name Alnus glutinosa L. Black Alder (Alnus glutinosa) is an alder tree native to most of Europe, including all of Britain, and locally in southwest Asia. ... Binomial name Alnus incana The grey alder is primarily a tree of northern Europe. ... Binomial name Alnus incana The grey alder is primarily a tree of northern Europe. ... Binomial name Alnus incana The grey alder is primarily a tree of northern Europe. ... Binomial name Alnus incana The grey alder is primarily a tree of northern Europe. ... Binomial name Alnus jorullensis Humboldt, Bonpland & Kunth The Mexican alder (Alnus jorullensis) is an evergreen or semi-evergreen alder, native to central and southern Mexico and Guatemala, growing at high altitudes in mountains there. ... Binomial name Alnus rubra Bong. ... Alnus subcordata C.A. Meyer, also known as Caucasian Alder is an betulacean tree, proper of temperate areas of Iran and the Caucasus. ...

  • A. maritima - Seaside Alder. East coastal North America, plus disjunct population in Oklahoma.
  • A. nepalensis - Nepalese Alder. Eastern Himalaya, southwest China.
  • A. nitida - Himalayan Alder. Western Himalaya.
Leaves of the Tag Alder
Leaves of the Tag Alder

Subgenus Alnobetula. Shrubs. Shoot buds not stalked. Male and female catkins produced in late spring (after leaves appear) and expanding and pollinating then. One to four species: Binomial name Alnus nepalensis D.Don The Nepalese Alder or Utis (Alnus nepalensis) is a multipurpose tree found in the subtropical highlands of the Himalaya. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...

  • A. viridis - Green Alder. Widespread:
    • A. viridis subsp. viridis. Eurasia.
    • A. viridis subsp. maximowiczii (A. maximowiczii). Japan.
    • A. viridis subsp. crispa (A. crispa). Northern North America.
    • A. viridis subsp. sinuata (A. sinuata, Sitka Alder or Slide Alder). Western North America, far northeastern Siberia.

Binomial name Alnus viridis (Chaix. ... Binomial name Alnus viridis (Chaix. ...

Uses

Alnus serrulata (Tag Alder), female catkins, Johnsonville, South Carolina
Alnus serrulata (Tag Alder), female catkins, Johnsonville, South Carolina

Alders establish symbioses with the nitrogen-fixing Actinobacteria Frankiella alni. This bacteria converts atmospheric nitrogen into soil-soluble nitrates which can be utilised by the alder, and favorably enhances the soil fertility generally. Alders benefit other plants growing near them by taking nitrogen out of the air and depositing it in the soil in usable form; fallen alder leaves make very rich compost. alder blossom, female Image taken by me, released under GFDL Pollinator 22:48, 22 Feb 2004 (UTC) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... alder blossom, female Image taken by me, released under GFDL Pollinator 22:48, 22 Feb 2004 (UTC) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Johnsonville is a city located in Florence County, South Carolina. ... Common Clownfish (Amphiprion ocellaris) in their Magnificent sea anemone (Heteractis magnifica) home. ... General Name, Symbol, Number nitrogen, N, 7 Chemical series nonmetals Group, Period, Block 15, 2, p Appearance colorless Atomic mass 14. ... Classes Actinobacteria The Actinobacteria or Actinomycetes are a group of Gram-positive bacteria. ... An electrostatic potential map of the nitrate ion. ... A handful of compost Compost is the aerobically decomposed remnants of organic materials (those with plant and animal origins). ...


Alder catkins are one of the first sources of pollen for bee species, especially honeybees, which use it for spring buildup. Alder is a preferred wood for charcoal making, formerly used in the manufacture of gunpowder, or for smelting metal ores, now used primarily for cooking. The wood is also traditionally used for smoking fish and meat, though this usage has often been replaced by other woods such as oak and hickory. It is popular as a material for electric guitar bodies. Families Andrenidae Apidae Colletidae Halictidae Megachilidae Melittidae Stenotritidae Bee collecting pollen Bees (a monophyletic lineage within the superfamily Apoidea, presently classified by the unranked taxon name Anthophila) are flying insects, closely related to wasps and ants. ... Species Apis andreniformis Apis cerana, or eastern honey bee Apis dorsata, or giant honey bee Apis florea Apis koschevnikovi Apis laboriosa Apis mellifera, or western honey bee Apis nigrocincta Apis nuluensis Honey bees are a subset of bees which represent a far smaller fraction of bee diversity than most people... Charcoal is the blackish residue consisting of impure carbon obtained by removing water and other volatile constituents from animal and vegetation substances. ... Smokeless powder Gunpowder, whether black powder or smokeless powder, is a substance that burns very rapidly, releasing gases that act as a propellant in firearms. ... Electric phosphate smelting furnace in a TVA chemical plant (1942) Chemical reduction, or smelting, is a form of extractive metallurgy. ... Hot metal work from a blacksmith In chemistry, a metal (Greek: Metallon) is an element that readily forms positive ions (cations) and has metallic bonds. ... Iron ore (Banded iron formation) Manganese ore Lead ore Gold ore An ore is a volume of rock containing components or minerals in a mode of occurrence which renders it valuable for mining. ... Cooking is the act of preparing food to eat. ... Wikibooks Cookbook has more about this subject: Smoking Smoking is the process of preserving, cooking, or flavoring food by exposing it to the smoke from burning or smoldering plant materials, most often wood. ... A giant grouper at the Georgia Aquarium Fish are aquatic vertebrates that are typically cold-blooded; covered with scales, and equipped with two sets of paired fins and several unpaired fins. ... Flesh redirects here. ... Species See List of Quercus species The term oak can be used as part of the common name of any of several hundred species of trees and shrubs in the genus Quercus, and some related genera, notably Cyclobalanopsis and Lithocarpus. ... Species See text Comparison of Carya nuts Ripe hickory nuts ready to fall, Andrews, SC Hickory is a tree of the genus Carya, including 17-19 species of deciduous trees with pinnately compound leaves and large nuts. ... Left: Rosa Hurricane, a heavy metal-style solid body guitar. ...


Alders are sturdy and fast-growing, even in acidic and damaged sites such as burned areas and mining sites. Italian Alder is particularly useful on dry, infertile sites. Alders can be used as a producer of simple bio-mass, growing quickly in harsh environments. Alders are sometimes made into bonsai. The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Alder is used as a food plant by some Lepidoptera species, see list of Lepidoptera which feed on Alders. Super Families Butterflies Hesperioidea Papilionoidea Moths Micropterigoidea Heterobathmioidea Eriocranioidea Acanthopteroctetoidea Lophocoronoidea Neopseustoidea Mnesarchaeoidea Hepialoidea Nepticuloidea Incurvarioidea Palaephatoidea Tischeriodea Simaethistoidea Tineoidea Gracillarioidea Yponomeutoidea Gelechioidea Zygaenoidea Sesioidea Cossoidea Tortricoidea Choreutoida Urodoidea Galacticoidea Schreckensteinioidea Epermenioidea Pterophoroidea Aluctoidea Immoidea Axioidea Hyblaeoidea Thyridoidea Whalleyanoidea Pyraloidea Mimallonoidea Lasiocampoidea Geometroidea Drepanoidea Bombycoidea Calliduloidae Hedyloidea Noctuoidea Families About... Alders () are used as food plants by the larvae of a number of Lepidoptera species: Monophagous species which feed exclusively on Alnus: May Highflyer (Hydriomena impluviata) Polyphagous species which feed on Alnus among other plants: Autumnal Moth (Epirrita autumnata) Buff Ermine (Spilosoma lutea) Common Marbled Carpet (Chloroclysta truncata) Common Wave...



External links

Look up Alder in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
  • Section Eclectic herbal information
    • Alnus serrulata (Tag Alder) King's American Dispensatory @ Henriette's Herbal
    • Alder Tree, Common (Alnus glutinosa) Mrs. Grieve's "A Modern Herbal" @ Botanical.com
    • Alder, Tag (Alnus serrulata) Mrs. Grieve's "A Modern Herbal" @ Botanical.com

  Results from FactBites:
 
Alder - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (570 words)
Alder is the common name of a genus of flowering plants (Alnus) belonging to the birch family (Family Betulaceae).
Alder catkins are one of the first sources of pollen for bee species, especially honeybees, which use it for spring buildup.
Alder is a preferred wood for charcoal making, formerly used in the manufacture of gunpowder, or for smelting metal ores, now used primarily for cooking.
alder (3469 words)
Alders fringed the witch goddess Circe’s island Aeaea ["Wailing"] an island at the head of the Adriatic not far from the mouth of the Po which was the southern terminus of the Bronze Age route down which amber, sacred to the sun and Apollo, travelled to the Mediterranean from the Baltic.
Alder constitutes one of the nine sacred woods of the Beltane fire and may be employed in the spring equinox bonfire.
Alder dyes are used for colouring magical robes, dye from the bark for colouring robes for ceremonies of resurrection, such as Yule and Ostara, dye from the catkins for water and nature rituals, and dye from the shoots to celebrate the earth.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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