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Encyclopedia > Alcoholic beverage control state
Map of Alcoholic Beverage Control States, current as of February 2006.
Map of Alcoholic Beverage Control States, current as of February 2006.

Alcoholic beverage control states, generally called control states, are those in the United States that have state monopoly over the wholesaling and/or retailing of some or all categories of alcoholic beverages, such as beer, wine, and distilled spirits. Image File history File links US_States_by_alcohol_control. ... Image File history File links US_States_by_alcohol_control. ... In economics, a monopoly (from the Latin word monopolium - Greek language monos, one + polein, to sell) is defined as a persistent market situation where there is only one provider of a product or service. ... Bottles of cachaça, a Brazilian alcoholic beverage. ...


Following repeal of national prohibition in the U.S. in 1933, some states decided to continue their own prohibition against the production, distribution, and sale of alcoholic beverages within their borders. Other states decided to leave the issue to local jurisdictions, including counties and cities, a practice called local option. A repeal is the removal or reversal of a law. ... The term Prohibition, also known as Dry Law, refers to a law in a certain country by which the manufacture, transportation, import, export, and sale of alcoholic beverages is restricted or illegal. ... Local option is the freedom in the United states whereby local political jurisdictions, typically counties or municipalities, can decide by popular vote certain controversial issues within their borders. ...


Among those states that did not choose to maintain complete prohibition, some chose to establish government monopolies over the sale of alcohol beverages within their borders. Most of these states have an Alcoholic Beverage Control (ABC) board and run package stores called ABC stores. A package store is the local term for a liquor store in parts of New England, United States. ... ABC stores are retail alcoholic beverage outlets operated by the Alcoholic Beverage Control agencies or comparable government agencies in Alcoholic beverage control states. ...


Reasons for doing this vary; for example, the Utah Department of Alcoholic Beverage Control states that: The Utah Department of Alcoholic Beverage Control is an agency of the government of the U.S. state of Utah. ...

The purpose of control is to make liquor available to those adults who choose to drink responsibly - but not to promote the sale of liquor. By keeping liquor out of the private marketplace, no economic incentives are created to maximize sales, open more liquor stores or sell to underage persons. Instead, all policy incentives to promote moderation and to enforce existing liquor laws is [sic] enhanced. [1]

There are currently either 18 or 19 control and monopoly states in the U.S., depending on the definition used. (The term "control state" is popular but misleading in that all states control and regulate the sale of alcohol. In this sense, every state is a "control state," whereas only 18 are monopoly states.)


Use of the term "alcoholic beverage control" by a state does not make it a "control" (or monopoly) state. For example, Arkansas uses "Alcoholic Beverage Control" or "ABC" to refer to its state agencies that regulate alcohol sales; yet all alcohol sales (wholesale and retail) in those communities that allow it are by private firms. Though Arkansas (like most states) generally limits the number of retail outlets in an area, outlets within those limits are free to compete. Therefore, Arkansas is a local option state, but it is not a "control" (or monopoly) state. Official language(s) English Capital Little Rock Largest city Little Rock Area  Ranked 29th  - Total 53,179 sq mi (137,732 km²)  - Width 239 miles (385 km)  - Length 261 miles (420 km)  - % water 2. ... Local option is the freedom in the United states whereby local political jurisdictions, typically counties or municipalities, can decide by popular vote certain controversial issues within their borders. ...


Many "control" (or monopoly) states are members of the National Alcohol Beverage Control Association. The National Alcohol Beverage Control Association was established in 1937 as the nationwide organization representing the interests of alcohol beverage control or monopoly sale states in the U.S. Its stated mission is to support those states and areas in which governmental agencies exclusively wholesale and/or retail some form...


State listing

The 19 control or monopoly states as of 2005 are: 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

  1. Alabama
  2. Idaho (Maintains a monopoly over sales above greater than 16% ABV.)
  3. Iowa (Does not operate retail outlets; maintains a monopoly over wholesaling of beverages greater than 6% ABV.)
  4. Maine
  5. Michigan (Does not operate retail outlets; maintains a monopoly over wholesaling of distilled spirits only.)
  6. Mississippi
  7. Montana
  8. New Hampshire
  9. North Carolina (Beer and Wine can be sold inside supermarkets and convenience stores. Other spirits must be sold in a liquor store.)
  10. Ohio
  11. Oregon
  12. Pennsylvania (In the process of opening retail outlets inside some supermarkets.[2]
  13. Utah
  14. Vermont
  15. Virginia
  16. Washington
  17. West Virginia (Does not operate retail outlets; maintains a monopoly over wholesaling of distilled spirits only.)
  18. Wyoming

Additionally, Montgomery County, Maryland is a control county, and some cities in Minnesota (notably Edina) control sales. Official language(s) English Capital Montgomery Largest city Birmingham Area  Ranked 30th  - Total 52,419 sq mi (135,765 km²)  - Width 190 miles (306 km)  - Length 330 miles (531 km)  - % water 3. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Alcohol by volume (ABV) is an indication of how much alcohol (expressed as a percentage) is included in an alcoholic beverage. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Alcohol by volume (ABV) is an indication of how much alcohol (expressed as a percentage) is included in an alcoholic beverage. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Official language(s) None (English, de-facto) Capital Lansing Largest city Detroit Area  Ranked 11th  - Total 97,990 sq mi (253,793 km²)  - Width 239 miles (385 km)  - Length 491 miles (790 km)  - % water 41. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Official language(s) English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Area  Ranked 28th  - Total 53,865 sq mi (139,509 km²)  - Width 150 miles (240 km)  - Length 560[1] miles (901 km)  - % water 9. ... Official language(s) None Capital Columbus Largest city Columbus Largest metro area Cleveland Area  Ranked 34th  - Total 44,825 sq mi (116,096 km²)  - Width 220 miles (355 km)  - Length 220 miles (355 km)  - % water 8. ... Official language(s) None Capital Salem Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 9th  - Total 98,466 sq mi (255,026 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 2. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, the lead section of this article may need to be expanded. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Official language(s) English Capital Richmond Largest city Virginia Beach Area  Ranked 35th  - Total 42,793 sq mi (110,862 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 430 miles (690 km)  - % water 7. ... Official language(s) None Capital Olympia Largest city Seattle Area  Ranked 18  - Total 71,342 sq mi (184,824 km²)  - Width 240 miles (385 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 6. ... Official language(s) English Capital Charleston Largest city Charleston Area  Ranked 41st  - Total 24,244 sq mi (62,809 km²)  - Width 130 miles (210 km)  - Length 240 miles (385 km)  - % water 0. ... Official language(s) English Capital Cheyenne Largest city Cheyenne Area  Ranked 10th  - Total 97,818 sq mi (253,348 km²)  - Width 280 miles (450 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 0. ... The relevance of particular information in (or previously in) this article or section is disputed. ... Capital Saint Paul Largest city Minneapolis Area  Ranked 12th  - Total 87,014 sq mi (225,365 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 400 miles (645 km)  - % water 8. ... Edina can refer to: Edina, Minnesota Edina, Missouri This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


About one-quarter of the United States population lives in control or monopoly states.


For more information on state alcohol regulation, see Alcohol laws of the United States by state. It has been suggested that the section United States from the article Liquor store be merged into this article or section. ...


References


 
 

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