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Encyclopedia > Alcalá de Henares

Alcalá de Henares is a Spanish city. Located in the autonomous community of Madrid, 30 km northeast of the city of Madrid, it has a population of around 200,000. Alcalá is a Spanish placename originally from Arabic al-qalat, the castle. Alcalá de Guadaira, Spain Alcalá de Henares, Madrid See also Alcántara and Alcázar, other Spanish placenames of Arabic origin. ... Spains fifty provinces (provincias) are grouped into seventeen autonomous communities (comunidades autónomas), in addition to two African autonomous cities (ciudades autónomas) (Ceuta and Melilla). ... Capital Madrid Area  – Total  – % of Spain Ranked 12th  8 028 km²  1,6% Population  – Total (2003)  – % of Spain  – Density Ranked 3rd  5 527 152  13,2%  688,48/km² Demonym  – English  – Spanish  Madrilenian  madrileño/a Statute of Autonomy March 1, 1983 ISO 3166-2 M Parliamentary representation  – Congress seats  – Senate... Coat of arms The Plaza de España square Madrid, the capital of Spain, is located in the center of the country at 40°25′ N 3°45′ W. Population of the city of Madrid proper was 3,093,000 (Madrilenes, madrileños) as of 2003 estimates. ...

The city is of Roman origin - the only Roman town in the Madrid region - its Latin name being Complutum. It was refounded in 1083 by the Moors, who built a castle or al-qalat on a nearby hill, today known as Alcalá la Vieja (Old Alcalá). Its Christian conquerors preferred the Burgo de Santiuste ("Saint Just's borough") on the original Roman site. The city was ceded to the Bishopric of Toledo, Spain. The present name literally means "castle on the [river] Henares". Under Christian rule, the city sported both a Jewish and a Moorish quarter. History - Ancient history - Ancient Rome This is a List of Ancient Rome-related topics, that aims to include aspects of both the Ancient Roman Republic and Roman Empire. ... Latin is the language that was originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ... Events Sancho I of Aragon conqueres Graus. ... For the terrain type see Moor Moors is used in this article to describe the medieval Muslim inhabitants of al-Andalus and the Maghreb, whose culture is often called Moorish. For other meanings look at Moors (Meaning) or Blackamoors. ... Saint-Just can refer to: Antoine Louis L on de Richebourg de Saint-Just Saint-just cheese Saint-Just is also the name or part of the name of several communes in France: Saint-Just, in the Ain d partement Saint-Just, in the Ard che d partement Saint-Just... Alternate meanings: see Toledo (disambiguation) The façade of Toledo cathedral Toledo is a city located in central Spain, the capital of the province of Toledo and of the autonomous community of Castile-La Mancha. ...

At some time in the 1480s Christopher Columbus had his first meeting here with the Reyes Católicos, Ferdinand and Isabella. In 1496, Cardinal Cisneros founded the Universidad Complutense, which became famous as a centre of learning during the Renaissance. It was moved to Madrid in 1836 (under the name Universidad Central de Madrid). A new university was founded in the old buildings as the Universidad de Alcalá de Henares in 1977. The city suffered severe damage during the Spanish Civil War. No authentic contemporary portrait of Columbus has been found; this late 19th-century engraving is one of many conjectural images For information about the director, see the article on Chris Columbus. ... The Catholic monarchs (Spanish: Reyes Católicos) is the collective title used in history for Queen Isabella I of Castile and King Ferdinand II of Aragon. ... Events January 3 - Leonardo da Vinci unsuccessfully tests a flying machine. ... Francisco Jimenez de Cisneros (1436 - November 8, 1517) was a Spanish cardinal and statesman. ... The Complutense University of Madrid, in Spanish Universidad Complutense de Madrid, is an important Spanish university, located in Madrid. ... By Region: Italian Renaissance Northern Renaissance -French Renaissance -German Renaissance -English Renaissance The Renaissance was an influential cultural movement which brought about a period of scientific revolution and artistic transformation, at the dawn of modern European history. ... 1836 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... History of Spain Series -Timeline -Roman Spain -Visigothic Spain -Moorish Spain -Age of Reconquest -Age of Expansion -Age of Enlightenment -Reaction and Revolution -First Spanish Republic -The Restoration -Second Spanish Republic -Spanish Civil War -The Dictatorship -Modern Spain Topics -Economic History -Military History -Social History The Spanish Civil War (July...

The author Miguel de Cervantes was born in Alcalá de Henares, as were Ferdinand I of Aragon and Catherine of Aragon, the first wife of Henry VIII of England. Other notable figures associated with the city include the theologian Gabriel Vázquez, the mystic John of the Cross, the Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand I, and President Manuel Manuel Azaña, the last president of the Second Spanish Republic. Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra (September 29, 1547 - April 23, 1616), was a Spanish author, best known for his novel Don Quixote de la Mancha. ... Ferdinand I (of Aragón and Sicily), called The Just (c. ... The recently-widowed young Catherine of Aragon, by Henry VIIs court painter, Michael Sittow, c. ... Henry VIII (28 June 1491 – 28 January 1547) was King of England and Lord of Ireland (later King of Ireland) from 22 April 1509 until his death. ... Saint John of the Cross (Juan de la Cruz) was a Spanish Carmelite friar, born on June 24, 1542 at Fontiveros, a small village near Avila. ... Ferdinand I Habsburg Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor (March 10, 1503 – July 27, 1564) was one of the Habsburg emperors that at various periods during his life ruled over Austria, Germany, Bohemia and Hungary. ... Flag of the Spanish Republics. ...

Alcalá's excellent transport links with Madrid have led to its becoming a commuter town, with many of its inhabitants travelling to work in the capital. It was affected particularly badly by the March 11, 2004 terrorist attacks in Madrid as the bombed trains all originated at or passed through Alcalá. The scene of one of the Madrid bombings. ...

Its layout consists of the main RENFE train station surrounded by narrow streets of multi-story residential blocks. The university is on the south side of the center, close to the winding banks of the Henares river, which remain partly undeveloped and feature walking trails. The outskirts have more apartments and scattered houses. Industrial development is taking place in the direction of Madrid. RENFE is Spains national railway operator. ...

A large part of the new population are immigrants from Eastern Europe. Many Chinese businesses have been established near the city center. Eastern Europe is, by convention, that part of Europe from the Ural and Caucasus mountains in the East to an arbitrarily chosen boundary in the West. ...

Alcalá de Henares, as the birthplace of Catherine of Aragon, is twinned with the city of Peterborough in the United Kingdom, her final resting-place. The recently-widowed young Catherine of Aragon, by Henry VIIs court painter, Michael Sittow, c. ... This is about the English city of Peterborough. ...



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