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Encyclopedia > Album (music)

An album is a collection of related audio tracks distributed to the public. The most common way is through commercial distribution, although many smaller artists will often distribute directly to the public by selling their albums at shows or on their websites. Audio can mean: Sounding that can be heard. ...


The term "record album" originated from the fact that 78 RPM Phonograph disc records were kept together in a book resembling a photo album. The first collection of records to be called an "album" was Tchaikovsky's Nutcracker Suite, released in April 1909 as a four-disc set by Odeon Records.[1][2] It retailed for 16 shillings — about $20 USD in modern currency. Revolutions per minute (abbreviated rpm, RPM, r/min, or min-1) is a unit of frequency, commonly used to measure rotational speed, in particular in the case of rotation around a fixed axis. ... Edison cylinder phonograph ca. ... The Beatles Magical Mystery Tour (1967) as a 33 â…“ LP vinyl record A gramophone record (also phonograph record, or simply record) is an analogue sound recording medium consisting of a flat disc with an inscribed modulated spiral groove. ... A young Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky (1874) Tchaikovsky redirects here. ... A performance of The Nutcracker The story of The Nutcracker and the Mouse King was written by E. T. A. Hoffmann. ... Odeon Records was a record label founded by Max Strauss and Heinrich Zunz in Berlin, Germany. ... The shilling was a British coin first issued in 1548 for Henry VIII, although arguably the testoon issued about 1487 for Henry VII was the first shilling. ... The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ...


In 1948, Columbia produced the first 12", 33⅓ RPM microgroove record made of vinylite.[1] With a running time of 23 minutes per side, these new records contained as much music as the old-style album of records and, thus, took on the name "album". For many years, the standard industry format for popular music was an album of twelve songs, originally the number related to payment of composer royalties. 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1948 calendar). ... Mid-19th century tool for converting between different standards of the inch An inch is an Imperial and U.S. customary unit of length. ... Revolutions per minute (abbreviated rpm, RPM, r/min, or min-1) is a unit of frequency, commonly used to measure rotational speed, in particular in the case of rotation around a fixed axis. ... A royalty is a sum paid to the creator of performance art for the use of that art. ...


Today, with the vinyl record no longer being used as the primary form of distribution, the term "album" is applied to any sound recording collection, mainly those on compact disc, Although it can also refer to MiniDisc, Compact audio cassette, and MP3 albums. Cover art is also considered an integral part of the album. Methods and media for sound recording are varied and have undergone significant changes between the first time sound was actually recorded for later playback until now. ... The Compact Disc logo was inspired by that of the previous Compact Cassette. ... // Overview The MiniDisc logo A MiniDisc (MD) is a disc-based data storage device intended for storage of digitized audio. ... Typical 60-minute Compact Cassette. ... MPEG-1 Audio Layer 3, more commonly referred to as MP3, is a popular digital audio encoding and lossy compression format, designed to greatly reduce the amount of data required to represent audio, yet still sound like a faithful reproduction of the original uncompressed audio to most listeners. ... An example of a regular cardbox for a 1998 PC game. ...


Due to the large capacity of new media, the matter of how long an album should be is open to debate. According to the rules of the UK Charts, a recording counts as an album if either it has at least four tracks or lasts more than 20 minutes.[citation needed] Sometimes shorter albums are referred to as EPs, an abbreviation of extended play, "extended" meaning longer than a single. The term "mini-album" may also be used. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... An extended play (or EP), is typically the name given to vinyl records or CDs which are too long to be called singles but too short to qualify as albums. ... A collection of various CD singles In music, a single is a short record, usually featuring one or two tracks as A-side, often accompanied by several B-sides, usually remixes or other songs. ...


If an album becomes overly long, a recording artist may make the decision to release a double album where two discs are packaged together in a single case. A double album is an audio album of sufficient length that two units of the medium in which it is sold (especially records and compact discs) are necessary to contain the entirety of it. ...


Many recording artists who have an extensive back catalogue will often re-release several CDs in one single box with a unified design often containing one or more albums as well as previously unreleased recordings. These are known as box sets. A box set (or boxed set) refers to one or more musical recordings, movies and television programs that are contained in a box made generally out of cardboard. ...


Types of albums

A compilation album is a musical album featuring songs or tunes with some common characteristics. ... Sgt. ... A double album is an audio album of sufficient length that two units of the medium in which it is sold (especially records and compact discs) are necessary to contain the entirety of it. ... A rarities album is a collection of songs from either a single band or an assortment of bands on the same record label. ...

See also

These are lists of albums. ... A collection of various CD singles In music, a single is a short record, usually featuring one or two tracks as A-side, often accompanied by several B-sides, usually remixes or other songs. ... An extended play (or EP), is typically the name given to vinyl records or CDs which are too long to be called singles but too short to qualify as albums. ... In the music industry, a release is the event at which an album or single is first released for sale. ... The Compact Disc logo was inspired by that of the previous Compact Cassette. ...

References


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