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Encyclopedia > Album

An album or record album is a collection of related audio or music tracks distributed to the public. The most common way is through commercial distribution, although smaller artists will often distribute directly to the public by selling their albums at live concerts or on their websites. Sound recorder redirects here. ... For other uses, see Music (disambiguation). ... A concert comprises a performance, usually involving some degree of formality, and particularly a performance featuring music. ... A website, Web site or WWW site (often shortened to just site) is a collection of webpages, that is, HTML/XHTML documents accessible via HTTP on the Internet; all publicly accessible websites in existence comprise the World Wide Web. ...


The tracks on an album may be related by subject, mood or sound, and may even be designed to express a unified message or tell a story (as in the case of a concept album), or the tracks may simply represent a convenient grouping of recordings made at one time or place, or recordings whose commercial rights are controlled by a single record label. A group of audio tracks is considered to be an album if it has a generally consistent track list (often with minor differences or bonus tracks in different territories, or if the album is "reissued" at different times). An album may be released in a single format, such as on compact disc, or in multiple media formats, ranging from physical ones such as CDs, DVD audio, cassettes and vinyl records, to digital ones such as MP3 and AAC files or streaming audio. See subject (grammar) for the linguistic definition of subject. ... Mood may refer to: chese Grammatical mood Emotional mood This is a disambiguation page, a list of pages that otherwise might share the same title. ... Sound is a disturbance of mechanical energy that propagates through matter as a longitudinal wave, and therefore is a mechanical wave. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... In terms of recorded music, a bonus track is a piece of music which has been included on specific releases or reissues of an album. ... A Compact Disc or CD is an optical disc used to store digital data, originally developed for storing digital audio. ... CDS may refer to: Commercial Data Systems, Ltd. ... The DVD-Audio logo. ... For the meaning of cassette in genetics, see cassette (genetics). ... 33⅓ LP vinyl record album The vinyl record is a type of gramophone record, most popular from the 1950s to the 1990s, that was most commonly used for mass-produced recordings of music. ... MPEG-1 Audio Layer 3, more commonly referred to as MP3, is a popular digital audio encoding format. ... Advanced Audio Coding (AAC) is a standardized, lossy compression and encoding scheme for digital audio. ... Streaming media is just-in-time delivery of multimedia information. ...

Early record "albums" were in book form, resembing photograph albums
Early record "albums" were in book form, resembing photograph albums

The term "record album" originated from the fact that 78 RPM Phonograph disc records were kept together in a book resembling a photo album. The first collection of records to be called an "album" was Tchaikovsky's Nutcracker Suite, released in April 1909 as a four-disc set by Odeon Records.[1][2] It retailed for 16 shillings — about £56 (US$101) in 2005 currency. Image File history File links Earlyalbum1. ... Image File history File links Earlyalbum1. ... Revolutions per minute (abbreviated rpm, RPM, r/min, or min-1) is a unit of frequency, commonly used to measure rotational speed, in particular in the case of rotation around a fixed axis. ... Edison cylinder phonograph ca. ... It has been suggested that Childrens gramophone records be merged into this article or section. ... Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky Pyotr (Peter) Ilyich Tchaikovsky (Russian: Пётр Ильич Чайкoвский, Pëtr Il’ič ÄŒajkovskij;  )[1] (7 May [O.S. 25 April] 1840 – 6 November [O.S. 25 October] 1893), was a Russian composer of the Romantic era. ... A performance of The Nutcracker The story of The Nutcracker and the Mouse King was written by E. T. A. Hoffmann. ... Odeon Records was a record label founded by Max Strauss and Heinrich Zunz in Berlin, Germany. ... The shilling was a British coin first issued in 1548 for Henry VIII, although arguably the testoon issued about 1487 for Henry VII was the first shilling. ... ISO 4217 Code GBP User(s) United Kingdom, Crown Dependencies Inflation 2. ... ISO 4217 Code USD User(s) the United States, the British Indian Ocean Territory,[1] the British Virgin Islands, Cambodia, East Timor, Ecuador, El Salvador, the Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Palau, Panama, Turks and Caicos Islands, and the insular areas of the United States Inflation 2. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In 1948, Columbia produced the first 12", 33⅓ RPM microgroove record made of vinyl.[1] With a running time of 23 minutes per side, these new records contained as much music as the old-style album of records and, thus, took on the name "album". For many years, the standard industry format for popular music was an album of twelve songs, originally the number related to payment of composer royalties. 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1948 calendar). ... An inch (plural: inches; symbol or abbreviation: in or, sometimes, ″ - a double prime) is the name of a unit of length in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Chemical structure of the vinyl functional group. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


Traditionally, an album ranged in duration from half an hour to an hour, depending on the genre and record label. American pop albums tended to be around a half hour; British pop albums were somewhat longer, often containing 14 songs instead of 11 or 12; jazz albums were longer still; and classical albums were the longest of all. From the dawn of the "album era" (in jazz, about 1954; in rock, about 1962) until about the mid-1960s, albums were often recorded as quickly as possible, sometimes in single sessions. (Prestige Records and Blue Note Records were famous for this; as well, the Beatles' first album and the Byrds first four albums were all largely recorded in single sessions.) This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Prestige Records was a record label founded in 1949 by Bob Weinstock (October 2, 1928–January 14, 2006). ... Blue Note Records is a jazz record label, established in 1939 by Alfred Lion and Francis Wolff. ... The Beatles were an English rock band from Liverpool whose members were John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison, and Ringo Starr. ... The Byrds (formed in Los Angeles, California, in 1964) were an American rock band. ...


Vinyl LP records had two sides, each comprising one half of the album. If a pop or rock album contained tracks released separately as commercial singles, these were often traditionally placed in particular positions on the album. A common configuration was to have the album led off by the second and third singles, followed by a ballad. The first single would lead off side 2. In the past, many singles (such as the Beatles' "Hey Jude") did not appear on albums, but others (such as the Beatles' "Come Together" and "Something") were also part of an album released concurrently. Today many commercial albums of music tracks feature one or more singles, which are released separately to radio, TV or the Internet as a way of promoting the album. Albums have also been issued that are compilations of older tracks not originally released together, such as singles not originally found on albums, b-sides of singles, or unfinished "demo" recordings. Long play has several meanings. ... A collection of various CD singles In music, a single is a short recording of one or more separate tracks. ... The Beatles appeared on The Ed Sullivan Show in 1964 as part of their first tour of the United States, promoting their first hit single there, I Want To Hold Your Hand. ... Hey Jude is a rock ballad written by Paul McCartney (credited to Lennon/McCartney) and recorded by The Beatles. ... Come Together is a song by the rock band The Beatles written primarily by John Lennon and credited to Lennon/McCartney. ... Something is a single released by The Beatles in 1969, and featured on the album Abbey Road. ... In recorded music, the terms A-side and B-side refer to the two sides of 7 inch vinyl records on which singles have been released since the 1950s. ...


Today, with the vinyl record no longer being used as the primary form of distribution, the term "album" can still be applied to any sound recording collection, such as those on compact disc, MiniDisc, Compact audio cassette, and digital or MP3 albums. Cover art is also considered an integral part of the album. Many albums also come with liner notes and inserts giving background information or analysis of the recording, reprinted lyrics, images of the performers, or additional artwork and text. These are now often found in the form of CD booklets. Methods and media for sound recording are varied and have undergone significant changes between the first time sound was actually recorded for later playback until now. ... A Compact Disc or CD is an optical disc used to store digital data, originally developed for storing digital audio. ... See also IBMs VM operating system family, where minidisk refers to a logical unit of storage. ... Typical 60-minute Compact Cassette. ... MPEG-1 Audio Layer 3, more commonly referred to as MP3, is a popular digital audio encoding format. ... Example of book cover art. ... Liner notes are the booklets which come inserted into the compact disc jewel case or any sound recording container. ... For the insert keyword in SQL language, see insert (SQL) In film, an insert is a shot of part of a scene as filmed from a different angle and/or focal length from the master shot. ... Lyrics are the words in songs. ...


Due to the large capacity of new media (compact discs originally ran to 74 minutes, later extended to 80 minutes) and the lack of any formal "side" divisions, the matter of how long an album should be is open to debate, although most studio albums released today range from 40 to 55 minutes in length. According to the rules of the UK Charts, a recording counts as an "album" if either it has more than four tracks or lasts more than 25 minutes.[3] Sometimes shorter albums are referred to as EPs, an abbreviation of extended play, "extended" meaning longer than a single. The term "mini-album" may also be used. The UK Albums Chart is a chart of the sales positions of albums in the United Kingdom. ... Extended play (EP) is the name typically given to vinyl records or CDs which contain more than one single, but are too short to qualify as albums. ... A collection of various CD singles In music, a single is a short recording of one or more separate tracks. ...


If an album becomes too long to fit this format, a recording artist may make the decision to release a double album where two vinyl LPs or compact discs are packaged together in a single case, or even a triple album, with recordings stretching over three separate media. A double album is an audio album of sufficient length that two units of the medium in which it is sold (especially records and compact discs) are necessary to contain the entirety of it. ... Long play has several meanings. ... A double album is an audio album of sufficient length that two units of the medium in which it is sold (especially records and compact discs) are necessary to contain the entirety of it. ...


Recording artists who have an extensive back catalogue will often re-release several CDs in one single box with a unified design, often containing one or more albums, or a compilation of previously unreleased recordings. These are known as box sets. Some musical artists have also released more than three compact discs or LP records of new recordings at once, in the form of boxed sets, although in that case the work is still usually considered to be an album. An EP is shorter than an LP. A box set (sometimes referred to as a boxed set) is one or more musical recordings, films, television programs, or other collection of related things that are contained in a box. ... Long play has several meanings. ... Long play has several meanings. ...


Types of albums

A compilation album is an album (music or spoken-word) featuring tracks from one or multiple recording artists, often culled from a variety of sources (such as studio albums, live albums, singles, demos and outtakes. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... A double album is an audio album of sufficient length that two units of the medium in which it is sold (especially records and compact discs) are necessary to contain the entirety of it. ... A live album is a musical recording containing recorded concert performances. ... A rarities album is a collection of songs from either a single band or an assortment of bands on the same record label. ... A studio album is a collection of previously unreleased, studio-recorded tracks by a recording artist. ... A soundtrack album is any album that incorporates music from a particular feature film. ... Unplugged refers to musicians performing live using only acoustic instruments; that is, without plugging in amplified instruments (e. ...

See also

These are lists of albums. ... A collection of various CD singles In music, a single is a short recording of one or more separate tracks. ... Extended play (EP) is the name typically given to vinyl records or CDs which contain more than one single, but are too short to qualify as albums. ... Long play has several meanings. ... In the music industry, a release is the event at which an album or single is first released for sale. ... A Compact Disc or CD is an optical disc used to store digital data, originally developed for storing digital audio. ... The term sophomore slump literally refers to the tendency of students to do worse academically in their second (sophomore) year than in their first (freshman) year. ...

References

  1. ^ a b Recording Technology History.
  2. ^ Chronomedia.
  3. ^ Rules For Chart Eligibility - Albums (pdf). The Official UK Charts Company (January 2007). Retrieved on 2007-04-20.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Rating System (775 words)
albums have some lame songs, or bad performances, or clanky lyrics, but in general are so much fun that you'll want to give the album repeat listenings.
albums are still recommended as secondary purchases but have serious issues that may turn off certain listeners.
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Album quilts were not just quilts made for warmth and/or beauty, but rather they were, and are, made with love and affection with the primary purpose of expressing that sentiment to the recipient.
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MaysCharity
18th January 2011
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