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Encyclopedia > Alborz
Alborz Mountains
Mount Damavand, Iran's tallest mountain is located in Alborz mountain range.
Mount Damavand, Iran's tallest mountain is located in Alborz mountain range.

Alborz (in Persian البرز), also written as Alburz or Elburz, is a mountain range in northern Iran stretching from the borders of Armenia in the north-west to the southern end of the Caspian (Mazandaran) Sea, and ending in the east at the borders of Turkmenistan and Afghanistan. The largest mountain in the Middle East, Mount Damavand, is located in the range. Image File history File links M-Alborz. ... Image File history File links M-Alborz. ... Image File history File links Damavand3. ... Image File history File links Damavand3. ... This article is about the volcano. ... Persian (Local names: فارسی Fârsi or پارسی Pârsi)* is an Indo-European language spoken in Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan as well as by minorities in Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, India, Pakistan, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Southern Russia, neighboring countries, and elsewhere. ... The Caspian Sea (Russian: Каспийское море; Kazakh: Каспий теңізі; Turkmen: Hazar deňizi; Azeri: XÉ™zÉ™r dÉ™nizi; Persian: دریای خزر Daryā-ye Khazar) is the largest lake on Earth by area[2], with a surface area of 371,000 square kilometers (143,244 sq mi) and a volume of 78,200 cubic kilometers (18... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... This article is about the volcano. ...


The Alborz mountain range forms a barrier between the south Caspian and the Qazvin-Tehran plateau. It is only 60-130 km wide and consists of sedimentary series dating from Upper Devonian to Oligocene, prevalently jurassic limestone over a granite core. The Oligocene epoch is a geologic period of time that extends from about 34 million to 23 million years before the present. ...


Alborz enjoys a central role in the historical texts of Iran such as the Shahnama, and also in Persian mythology. Additionally, it is thought to be the dwelling place of the Peshotan, a Messiah like figure awaited by devotees of Zoroastrianism. Shahnameh Shahnameh Scenes from the Shahnameh carved into reliefs at Tus, where Ferdowsi is buried. ... The beliefs and practices of the culturally and linguistically related group of ancient peoples who inhabited the Iranian Plateau and its borderlands, as well as areas of Central Asia from the Black Sea to Khotan (modern Ho-tien, China), form Persian mythology. ... The Peshotan is a Messiah like figure that is mentioned in the Zoroastrian scripture the Vohuman Yasht as being the One who will Appear at some unspecified future time. ... In Judaism, the Messiah (מָשִׁיחַ Standard Hebrew Arabic: , المسيح), Tiberian Hebrew , Aramaic ) initially meant any person who was anointed to a certain position among the ancient Israelites, at first that of High priest, later that of King and also that of a prophet. ... Zoroastrianism is the religion and philosophy based on the teachings ascribed to the prophet Zoroaster (Zarathustra, Zartosht). ...


Also due to its great snowy winters there are several ski resorts, some consider that a few of these are among the best in the world. Some of most important ones are: Dizin, Shemshak, Tochal, and Darbandsar. A ski area is a place where one goes to participate in the sports of skiing and snowboarding. ... One of the best ski resorts in the world, Dizin is situated to the north of Tehran in the Alborz mountain range. ... Shemshak is a ski resort situated to the north of Tehran in the Alborz mountain range. ... Categories: Mountains of Iran | Iran geography stubs ...


It should not be confused with Mount Elbrus in the Caucasus Mountains, which also derives its name from the legendary mountain Harā Bərəzaitī of Persian mythology. Mount Elbrus (Russian: Эльбрус) is a peak located in the western Caucasus mountains, in Kabardino-Balkaria and Karachay-Cherkessia, Russia, near the border of Georgia. ... The Caucasus Mountains are a mountain system between the Black and Caspian seas in the Caucasus region, usually considered the southeastern limit of Europe. ... Harā BÉ™rÉ™zaitÄ« is the name given in the Avestan language to a legendary mountain or mountain range around which the world is structured. ... The beliefs and practices of the culturally and linguistically related group of ancient peoples who inhabited the Iranian Plateau and its borderlands, as well as areas of Central Asia from the Black Sea to Khotan (modern Ho-tien, China), form Persian mythology. ...

Contents

Etymology

The name Elbrus is a sound metathesis Alborz. [1] The name Alborz is derived from that of Harā Bərəzaitī, a legendary mountain in Persian mythology [1]. Harā Bərəzaitī reflects Proto-Iranian *Harā Bṛzatī</ref> *Bṛzatī is the feminine form of the adjective *bṛzant- "high", the ancestor of modern Persian boland (بلند) and Barz/Berazandeh[1]. Harā may be interpreted as "watch" or "guard", from an Indo-European root *ser- "protect"[1]. . In Middle Persian, Harā Bərəzaitī became Harborz, Modern Persian Alborz, which is cognate with Elbrus[1]. This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


Mounts, summits, and attractions

Map of central Alborz Peaks: 1 `Alam Kūh
     -25m to 500m     500m to 1500m     1500m to 2500m     2500 to 3500m     3500m to 4500m     4500m to 5671m
     -25m to 500m     500m to 1500m     1500m to 2500m     2500 to 3500m     3500m to 4500m     4500m to 5671m
2 Āzād Kūh 3 Damāvand
4 Do Berar 5 Do Khaharan
6 Ghal`eh Gardan 7 Gorg
8 Kholeno 9 Mehr Chal
10 Mīšīneh Marg 11 Naz
12 Shah Alborz 13 Sīālān
14 Tochal 15 Varavašt
Rivers: 0
1 Alamūt 2 Chālūs
3 Do Hezār 4 Harāz
5 Jājrūd 6 Karaj
7 Kojūr 8 Lār
9 Nūr 10 Sardāb
11 Seh Hazār 12 Shāh Rūd
Cities: 1 Āmol
2 Chālūs 3 Karaj
Other: D Dīzīn
E Emāmzādeh Hāšem K Kandovān Tunnel
* Latīān Dam ** Lār Dam

This article is about the volcano. ... Categories: Mountains of Iran | Iran geography stubs ... Visitors from Tehran flock to the area on weekends to enjoy the idyllic surroundings. ... Alam Kuh, also transliterated as Alam Kooh (Persian: علم کوه) is a mountain in the Alborz mountains range in the north of Iran between Tehran and the Caspian sea, forming a peak of the Takht-e Suleyman Massif. ... The remains of the fabled Alamut castle. ... One of the best ski resorts in the world, Dizin is situated to the north of Tehran in the Alborz mountain range. ... This is a list of mountains in the country of Iran. ... Alam Kuh, also transliterated as Alam Kooh (Persian: علم کوه) is a mountain in the Alborz mountains range in the north of Iran between Tehran and the Caspian sea, forming a peak of the Takht-e Suleyman Massif. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1345x1005, 98 KB) Author: http://en. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1345x1005, 98 KB) Author: http://en. ... The metre, or meter (symbol: m) is the SI base unit of length. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the volcano. ... Do Berār is a mountain in Alborz range in Iran. ... Do Khāharān is a mountain in Alborz range in Iran. ... Ghaleh Gardan is a mountain in Alborz range in Iran. ... Gorg is a mountain in Alborz range in Iran. ... Kholeno is a mountain in Iran. ... Mehr Chal is a mountain in Alborz range in Iran. ... Mishineh Marg is a mountain in Alborz range in Iran. ... Nāz is a mountain in Alborz range in Iran. ... Shah Alborz is a mountain in Alborz range in Iran. ... Sialan is a mountain in Alborz range in Iran. ... Categories: Mountains of Iran | Iran geography stubs ... Varavasht is a mountain in Alborz range in Iran. ... Haraz (Persian: هراز) is a river in northern Iran that flows northward from foot of Mount Damavand across Larijan, through Amol city, and finally to the Caspian Sea between Mahmood Abad and Fereydoon Kenar. ... Amol (IPA: , Persian: آمل) is a city in northern Iran, in the province of Mazandaran. ... Chaloos (Persian: چالوس), also transliterated as Chalous and Chalus is a city in Mazandaran Province, in Iran. ... Karaj Country Iran Province Tehran Population 2000000 (2005) Area 1000 km² Coordinates Lat. ... One of the best ski resorts in the world, Dizin is situated to the north of Tehran in the Alborz mountain range. ... Latyan Dam (Persian: سد لتيان sad-de latyān) is a dam located less than 25 km from Tehran. ... Lar Dam (Persian: سد لار sad-de lār) is a dam located in foot of Mount Damavand. ...

Source

  • North, S.J.R., Guide to Biblical Iran, Rome 1956, p. 50

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e Encyclopedia, "Alborz", W. Eilers [1]

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
  • Maps, Photos and a List of peaks

Coordinates: 36°4′33″N, 51°47′46″E Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


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