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Encyclopedia > Albion
The white cliffs of Dover.
The white cliffs of Dover.

Albion (called Alouion by Ptolemy) is the most ancient name of Great Britain, though sometimes used to refer to the United Kingdom, or specifically (incorrectly) to England. Albion is an alternative and archaic, name for Britain or England. ... File links The following pages link to this file: Albion White cliffs of Dover Categories: Cliffs ... File links The following pages link to this file: Albion White cliffs of Dover Categories: Cliffs ... A medieval artists rendition of Claudius Ptolemaeus Claudius Ptolemaeus (Greek: ; ca. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ...

Occasionally it instead refers to only Scotland, whose name in Gaelic is Alba (and similarly, in Irish, and Yr Alban in Welsh[1]). Pliny the Elder, in his Natural History (iv.xvi.102) applies it unequivocally to Great Britain: "It was itself named Albion, while all the islands about which we shall soon briefly speak were called the Britanniae." The name Great Britain originates with the Picts, a people present in the British Isles before the Celts.[2] The Britons and early Welsh of the south knew them, in the P-Celtic form of "Cruithne", as Prydyn; the terms "Britain" and "Briton" come from the same root. The name Albion was taken by medieval writers from Pliny and Ptolemy. This article is about the country. ... // Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig) is a member of the Goidelic branch of Celtic languages. ... Look up Alba in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Pliny the Elder: an imaginative 19th Century portrait. ... A replica of the Hilton of Cadboll Stone. ... This article describes the archipelago in north-Western Europe. ... Brython and Brythonic are terms which refer to indigenous, pre-Roman, Celtic speaking inhabitants of most of the island of Great Britain, and their cultures and languages, the Brythonic languages. ... The Welsh are, according to Hastings (1997), an ethnic group and nation associated with Wales and the Welsh language, which is a Celtic language. ... A medieval artists rendition of Claudius Ptolemaeus Claudius Ptolemaeus (Greek: ; ca. ...

The name is of Celtic origin, with an exact cognate in Welsh elfydd "earth, world" (in fact, the personal name Albiorix means 'world king' or 'king of the world'), from the Proto-Indo-European root that denotes both "white" and "mountain", but the Romans took it as connected with albus (white), in reference to the chalk "White Cliffs of Dover", and Alfred Holder's Alt-Keltischer Sprachschatz (1896) unhesitatingly translates it Weissland ("white-land"). The early writer (6th century BC) whose periplus was translated by Avienus at the end of the 4th century AD (see Massaliote Periplus) does not use the name Britannia; he speaks of nesos 'Iernon kai 'Albionon (island of the Ierni and the Albiones). So Pytheas of Massilia (4th century BC) speaks of Albion and 'Ierne. From the fact that there was a tribe called the Albiones on the north coast of Spain in Asturias, some scholars have placed Albion in that neighbourhood (see G. F. Unger, Rhein. Mus. xxxviii., 1883, pp. 156-196). The Celtic languages are the languages descended from Proto-Celtic, or Common Celtic, a branch of the greater Indo-European language family. ... The Proto-Indo-European language (PIE) is the hypothetical common ancestor of the Indo-European languages, spoken by the Proto-Indo-Europeans. ... For other uses, see Roman Empire (disambiguation). ... The white cliffs of Dover The location and extent of the white cliffs of Dover. ... A periplus in the ancient navigation of Phoenicians, Greeks, and Romans is a manuscript document that lists in order the ports and coastal landmarks, with approximate distances between, that the captain of a vessel could expect to find along a shore. ... Avienus was a Latin writer of the 4th century. ... The Massaliote Periplus or Massaliot Periplus is the name of a now-lost merchants handbook possibly dating to as early as the sixth century BC describing the searoutes used by traders from Phoenecia and Tartessus in their journeys around Iron Age Europe. ... Pytheas (c. ... Anthem: Asturias, patria querida Capital Oviedo Official language(s) Spanish; Asturian has special status Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 10th  10,604 km²  2. ...

The pejorative sobriquet perfidious Albion takes its meaning from this old name for Britain. A sobriquet is a nickname or a fancy name, usually a familiar name given by others as distinct from a pseudonym assumed as a disguise, but a nickname which is familiar enough such that it can be used in place of a real name without the need of explanation. ... Perfidious Albion is a hostile epithet for England or the United Kingdom: Perfidious signifies one who does not keep his faith or word, while Albion is an ancient name for Great Britain. ...

Various British football clubs bear the name Albion, not least Brighton & Hove Albion F.C., based on the south coast, Burton Albion F.C., based in Burton upon Trent, Plymouth Albion R.F.C., based in Plymouth, Stirling Albion F.C. and Albion Rovers F.C. in Scotland and West Bromwich Albion F.C., based in the West Midlands. Discussions are underway on the talk page regarding the section of Honours and Manager list. ... Burton Albion F.C. are an English football team currently playing in the Nationwide Conference. ... Plymouth Albion Rugby Football Club is a rugby union club who play in Plymouth, England. ... Stirling Albion FC are a football club currently playing in the Scottish Football League. ... Albion Rovers is also the name of a Welsh football team, see Albion Rovers F.C. (Wales). ... This article is about the country. ... West Bromwich Albion Football Club (also known as West Brom, The Baggies, Albion, The Albion, The Throstles or W.B.A.) is an English professional football club based in West Bromwich, West Midlands. ...

The original lyrics to Advance Australia Fair contain a reference to Albion in the second verse: The National Anthem booth at the 2005 Floriade, Canberra - on the J. Verbeeck fairground organ. ...

When gallant Cook from Albion sail'd,
To trace wide oceans o'er,
True British courage bore him on,
Till he landed on our shore.

This article is about the British explorer. ...

In literature, multimedia and music

  • In the Led Zeppelin song "Achilles Last Stand", Robert Plant sings "Oh Albion remains, sleeping now to rise again".
  • The song "The Spirit Lives" from Roy Harper's 1975 Album HQ refers to "The Celt of Albion".
  • There is a Babyshambles album named Down in Albion, with the title song naming towns and cities in Great Britain as part of the chorus. Pete Doherty is a believer of Albion as a form of Arcadia.[citation needed] He often makes references to it in his songs, such as in the Libertines song "the Good Old Days".
  • In the Japanese novel Trinity Blood, which has manga and anime adaptations, Albion is the name of post-apocalyptic England.
  • In Children of Men, a propaganda radio station is named Radio Albion.
  • In the Tom Holt book Grailblazers, Great Britain is referred to as Albion by one of the main characters.
  • In "A Study in Emerald", a short story by Neil Gaiman, Albion refers to the country which was once England, now ruled by the Queen of Albion and her royal family.
  • William Blake refers to Albion and, sometimes, the Giant Albion in his geopolitical prophetic poems.
  • In his 1989 book Albion's Seed, David Hackett Fischer defines the four waves of "Anglo" immigrants to America.
  • In the Rudyard Kipling tale "How the Whale Got His Throat", the Mariner is from Albion. ('Nay, nay!' said the Mariner. 'Not so, but far otherwise. Take me to my natal-shore and the white-cliffs-of-Albion, and I'll think about it.' And he began to dance more than ever. )
  • The "St Albion Parish News" is a column in Private Eye lampooning Tony Blair.
  • The song "Draconis Albionensis" by British band Bal-Sagoth speaks of the gathering of "the last of Albion's great Dragon Lords".
  • The epic poem by Lord Byron, Childe Harold's Pilgrimage, references Albion as the home of the "Childe Harold". “Whilome in Albion's isle there dwelt a youth”
  • In the novel "Kings of Albion", Julian Rathbone uses the Wars of the Roses as a backdrop to his tale of exotic travelers from the Middle East visiting a savage and insular England in the mid-15th century.
  • In 2004 released computer game Fable by Lionhead Studios for the original X-box and the pc, the fictional world in which the player roams resembles medieval England, or in some ways, Wales. This world is called Albion.
  • Albion is the title of a 1995 computer role-playing game by Blue Byte Software.

For the bands 1969 self-titled debut album, see Led Zeppelin (album). ... Achilles Last Stand [sic][1] is a song by English rock group Led Zeppelin, featured as the opening track on their 1976 album Presence. ... Robert Anthony Plant (born August 20, 1948, West Bromwich, West Midlands, England) is an English rock singer and songwriter, most famous for his membership in the rock band Led Zeppelin, but also for his successful solo career. ... Roy Harper (born June 12, 1941), is an English rock singer-songwriter / guitarist who specialises in folk music. ... HQ is an abbreviation for: Hardware qualification Headquarters Hero Quest (board game) Heros Quest (computer game) Hydro-Quebec This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... This article is about the band Babyshambles. ... Peter Doherty (born March 12, 1979) is an English musician, artist and poet. ... Arcadia is a poetical name for fantasy land (having more or less the same notation as Utopia ), named after the Greek land. ... The Libertines was a critically acclaimed British rock and roll band noted for their chaotic live outings and uniquely English take on punk rock. ... Serialized in Asuka Original run March 17, 2004 – No. ... Children of Men is a 2006 dystopian science fiction film loosely adapted from P.D. James 1992 novel The Children of Men. ... Tom Holt (born September 13, 1961) is an author of parodic mythopoeic fiction. ... A Study in Emerald is a short story written by British fantasy and comic book author Neil Gaiman. ... Neil Richard Gaiman () (born November 10, 1960) is an English author of science fiction and fantasy short stories and novels, graphic novels, comics, and films. ... William Blake (November 28, 1757 – August 12, 1827) was an English poet, visionary, painter, and printmaker. ... This article is about the British author. ... St Albion Parish News is currently a regular feature in the satirical magazine Private Eye. ... Private eye may mean: Look up Private eye on Wiktionary, the free dictionary Private Eye a fortnightly British satirical magazine-newspaper, edited by Ian Hislop (as of 2005) A private investigator, a private detective for hire (see also crime fiction and detective fiction) Private Eye, a song by Alkaline Trio... For other people of the same name, see Tony Blair (disambiguation) Anthony Charles Lynton Blair (born May 6, 1953)[1] is the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, First Lord of the Treasury, Minister for the Civil Service, Leader of the Labour Party, and Member of Parliament for the constituency... me and helen 4 ever This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Lord Byron redirects here. ... Childe Harolds Pilgrimage by J.M.W. Turner, 1823. ... Julian Rathbone, English novelist, born 10th February 1935, Blackheath, London. ... Lancaster York For other uses, see Wars of the Roses (disambiguation). ... Fable is a video game for Xbox. ... Lionhead Studios is a United Kingdom-based computer game development company led by industry veteran Peter Molyneux, and acquired by Microsoft Game Studios in April 2006. ... Xbox and a Controller S The Xbox is Microsofts game console, released on November 15, 2001. ... Albion is a roleplaying computer game released by Blue Byte Software in 1995. ...


  1. ^ Welsh Lexicon Forms. Cardiff University, Cardiff School of Computer Science. Retrieved 19 January 2006.
  2. ^ Old Irish cruth and Welsh pryd are the Q- and P-Celtic forms respectively of a word meaning "form" or "shape": taken to be a reference to the Picts' practice of tattooing their bodies. See The Scottish Place-Name Society and MacBain's Dictionary.

  Results from FactBites:
Nova Albion - definition of Nova Albion - Labor Law Talk Dictionary (1330 words)
New Albion was the name of the region of the Pacific Coast of North America explored by by Sir Francis Drake and claimed by him for England in 1579.
The extent of New Albion and the location of Drake's landing has long been debated by historians, with the most prevailing theory that he landed on coast of northern California.
Our General called this country Nova Albion, and that for two causes; the one in respect of the white banks and cliffs, which lie towards the sea, and the other, because it might have some affinity with our country in name, which sometime was so called.
  More results at FactBites »



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