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Encyclopedia > Albi
Albi
Location
Coordinates 43°55′44″N, 02°08′47″E
Administration
Country France
Region Midi-Pyrénées
Department Tarn (préfecture)
Arrondissement Albi
Canton Chief town of 6 cantons
Intercommunality Communauté d'agglomération de l'Albigeois
Mayor Philippe Bonnecarrère
(2001-2008)
Statistics
Altitude 130 m–308 m
(avg. 169 m)
Land area¹ 44.26 km²
Population²
(1999)
46,299
 - Density (1999) 1,046/km²
Miscellaneous
INSEE/Postal code 81004/ 81000
¹ French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq. mi. or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
² Population sans doubles comptes: single count of residents of multiple communes (e.g. students and military personnel).
Cathedral
France

Albi is a town and commune in southern France. It is the préfecture (capital) of the Tarn département, and is located on the Tarn River, 50 miles northeast of Toulouse. Its inhabitants are called Albigensians (French: Albigeois/ Albigeoises(s)). Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1804x1689, 163 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... This is an alphabetical list of countries of the world, including both internationally recognized and generally unrecognized independent states, inhabited dependent territories, as well as areas of special sovereignty. ... France is divided into 26 régions, further subdivided into départements. ... Capital Toulouse Land area¹ 45,348 km² Regional President Martin Malvy (PS) (since 1998) Population  - Jan. ... The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France, roughly analogous to British counties and are now grouped into 22 metropolitan and four overseas régions. ... For other uses, see Tarn (disambiguation). ... In France, a préfecture is the capital city of a département. ... The 100 French départements are divided into 342 arrondissements. ... The arrondissement of Albi is an arrondissement of France, located in the Tarn département, of the Midi-Pyrénées région. ... The canton is an administrative division of France. ... The commune is an administrative division of France. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... This article is about the year 2001. ... 2008 (MMVIII) will be a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... INSEE is the French abbreviation for the French National Institute for Statistics and Economic Studies (French: Institut National de la Statistique et des Études Économiques). ... Postal codes were introduced in France in 1972, when La Poste introduced automated sorting. ... Estuaries and coastal waters are among the most productive ecosystems on Earth, providing ecological, economic, cultural, and aesthetic benefits. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x685, 104 KB) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_France. ... The commune is the lowest level of administrative division in the French Republic. ... In France, a préfecture is the capital city of a département. ... For other uses, see Tarn (disambiguation). ... The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France and many former French colonies, roughly analogous to English counties. ... The Tarn River (from the Latin tarnis meaning rapid or walled in) is a 375 kilometre (235 miles) long tributary river of the Garonne, and flows through the départements of Lozère (Languedoc-Roussillon région), Aveyron, and then the eponymous Tarn and Tarn-et-Garonne départements, the... New city flag (Occitan cross) Traditional coat of arms Motto: (Occitan: For Toulouse, always more) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country France Région Midi-Pyrénées Département Haute-Garonne (31) Intercommunality Community of Agglomeration of Greater Toulouse Mayor Jean-Luc Moudenc  (UMP) (since 2004...

Contents

Administration

Albi is the chief town of 6 cantons, covering 18 communes, with a total population of 67,728. The canton is an administrative division of France. ... The commune is the lowest level of administrative division in the French Republic. ...


History

The first human settlement in Albi was in the Bronze Age. The Bronze Age is a period in a civilizations development when the most advanced metalworking has developed the techniques of smelting copper from natural outcroppings and alloys it to cast bronze. ...


After the Roman conquest of Gaul in 51 BC, the town became "Civitas Albigensium", the territory of the Albigeois, "Albiga". Archaeological digs have not revealed any traces of Roman buildings, which seems to indicate that Albi was a modest Roman settlement. This article or section may contain original research or unverified claims. ... Map of Gaul circa 58 BC Gaul (Latin: ) was the name given, in ancient times, to the region of Western Europe comprising present-day northern Italy, France, Belgium, western Switzerland and the parts of the Netherlands and Germany on the west bank of the Rhine river. ... Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century Decades: 100s BC 90s BC 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC - 50s BC - 40s BC 30s BC 20s BC 10s BC 0s BC Years: 56 BC 55 BC 54 BC 53 BC 52 BC 51 BC 50 BC 49 BC 48...


In 1040, Albi went through a period of expansion with the construction of the Pont Vieux (Old Bridge). New quarters were built, indicative of considerable urban growth. The city grew rich at this time, thanks to trade and commercial exchanges, and also to the tolls charged for using the Pont Vieux. Events March War of Independence of Western Xia occurred. ...


In 1208, the Pope and the King joined forces to combat the Cathars who created their own variation of Christianity (an outrage to the dominant Catholics power). Repression was severe, and many were burnt at the stake throughout the region. This region, until then virtually independent, was reduced to a state that enabled it to be annexed to the French Crown. Events Philip of Swabia King of Germany and rival Holy Roman Emperor to Otto IV, assassinated June 21 in Bamberg by German Count Otto of Wittelsbach because Philip had refused to give him his daughter in marriage. ... Cathars being expelled from Carcassonne in 1209. ...


After the upheaval of the Albigensians crusade against the Cathars, the bishop Bernard de Castanet, in the late 13th century, completed work on the Palais de la Berbie, a Bishops' Palace with the look of a fortress, and ordered the building of the impressive cathedral of Sainte-Cécile starting in 1282. Albigensians A name that is usually used in reference to a later group of Cathari which was a religious movement of southern France in the 12th and 13th centuries. ...


From 1450 to 1560, Albi enjoyed a period of commercial prosperity largely due to the cultivation of "Isatis Tinctoria" commonly known as woad. The superb town houses of the Renaissance bear witness to the vast fortunes amassed by the pastel merchants. Binomial name Isatis tinctoria L. Woad (or glastum) is the common name of the flowering plant Isatis tinctoria in the family Brassicaceae. ... Raphael was famous for depicting illustrious figures of the Classical past with the features of his Renaissance contemporaries. ...


Albi has conserved its rich architectural heritage which encapsulates the various brilliant periods of its history. A great deal of improvement and restoration work has been done, to embellish the old quarters and to give them a new look, in which brick reigns supreme.


Main sights

Albi grew up around the original cathedral and episcopal group of buildings. This historic area covers 63 hectares. Red brick and tiles are the main feature of most of the edifices. A cathedral is a Christian church building, specifically of a denomination with an episcopal hierarchy, such as the Anglican, Catholic and some Lutheran churches, which serves as the central church of a diocese, and thus as a bishops seat. ...


Along with Toulouse and Montauban, Albi is one of the main cities built in Languedoc-style brick . New city flag (Occitan cross) Traditional coat of arms Motto: (Occitan: For Toulouse, always more) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country France Région Midi-Pyrénées Département Haute-Garonne (31) Intercommunality Community of Agglomeration of Greater Toulouse Mayor Jean-Luc Moudenc  (UMP) (since 2004... Montauban (Montalban in Occitan) is a town and commune of southwestern France, préfecture (capital) of the Tarn-et-Garonne département, 31 miles north of Toulouse. ... Coat of arms of the province of Languedoc, now being used as an official flag by the Midi-Pyrénees region as well as by the city of Toulouse Languedoc (Lengadòc in Occitan) is a former province of France, now continued in the modern-day régions of Languedoc...


Among the monuments of the town is the Sainte Cécile cathedral, claimed to be the world's largest brick construction. This monument is a masterpiece of the Southern Gothic style. It is characterized by a strong contrast between its austere, defensive exterior and its sumptuous interior decoration. Built as a statement of the Christian faith after the upheavals of the Cathar heresy , this gigantic brick structure was embellished over the centuries : the Dominique de Florence Doorway , the 78 m high bell tower the Baldaquin over the entrance (1515–1540). The roodscreen is a veritable filigree work in stone in the Flamboyant Gothic style. It is decorated with a magnificent group of polychrome statuary carved by artists from the Burgundian workshops of Cluny and comprising over 200 statues which have retained their original colours. Cathédrale Sainte-Cécile dAlbi was constructed from 1282 to 1480, built in the wake of the Albigensian heresy and crusade against same. ... See also Gothic art. ... The Cathars, also known as the Albigensians, were adherent to the beliefs of Catharism. ... Gothic architecture characterizes any of the styles of European architecture, particularly associated with cathedrals and other churches, in use throughout Europe during the high and late medieval period, from the 12th century onwards. ... Burgundian is either of the following; An extinct language of the Germanic language group spoken by the Burgundians. ... Cluny nowadays The town of Cluny or Clugny lies in the modern-day département of Saône-et-Loire in the région of France, near Mâcon. ...


Older than the Palais des Papes in Avignon, the Palais de la Berbie, formerly the Bishops' Palace of Albi, now the Toulouse-Lautrec Museum, is one of the oldest and best-preserved castles in France. This imposing fortress was completed at the end of the 13th century. Its name comes from the Occitan word Bisbia, meaning Bishops' Palace. City flag City coat of arms Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country France Région Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur Département Vaucluse (préfecture) Arrondissement Avignon Canton Chief town of 4 cantons Intercommunality Communauté dagglomération du Grand Avignon Mayor Marie-Josée Roig... Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec (November 24, 1864 - September 9, 1901) was a French painter. ... Occitan, or langue doc is a Romance language characterized by its richness, variability, and by the intelligibility of its dialects. ...


The Old Bridge (Pont Vieux) is still in use today after a millennium of existence. Originally built in stone (in 1035), then clad with brick, it rests on 8 arches and is 151m long. In the 14th century, it was fortified, reinforced with a drawbridge and houses were built on the piers.


Albi is a well known city for it's elite Lycée Lapérouse, a high school with 500 students situated inside an old monastery. The Lycée is one of the best in the region Midi Pyrénées and boasts several litterature classes. Furthermore, it is one of the few holding a full scale music section with special high tech rooms for this section.


Albi is the home of the Toulouse-Lautrec Museum. More than 1000 works, including the 31 famous posters, are kept within the walls. This body of work forms the largest public collection in the world devoted to Toulouse-Lautrec. Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec (November 24, 1864 - September 9, 1901) was a French painter. ...

La Goulue arriving at the Moulin Rouge. (1892).
La Goulue arriving at the Moulin Rouge. (1892).
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Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x685, 99 KB) Max Pierre Schnieders; 2006 I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x685, 99 KB) Max Pierre Schnieders; 2006 I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Download high resolution version (622x859, 121 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (622x859, 121 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... 1892 (MDCCCXCII) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Wikimedia Commons logo by Reid Beels The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ...

Sport

GWAT.TK is a Website forum dedicated to the students of grammer school and was first created in 2003. ... A rugby union scrum. ... Rugby league is a team sport played by two teams of 17 players, with 13 on the field at any one time and 4 on the bench (reserves). ...

Famous people

Albi was the birthplace of:

This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... 1864 (MDCCCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Painting by Rembrandt self-portrait Detail from Las Meninas by Diego Velazquez, in which the painter portrayed himself at work For the computer graphics program, see Corel Painter. ... Gérard Onesta (born 5 August 1960 in Albi) is a French politician and Member of the European Parliament for the South West of France. ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1960 calendar). ... A Member of the European Parliament (English abbreviation MEP)[1] is a member of the European Unions directly-elected legislative body, the European Parliament. ... 1886 (MDCCCLXXXVI) is a common year starting on Friday (click on link to calendar) // Events January 18 - Modern field hockey is born with the formation of The Hockey Association in England. ... 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar). ... A novel is an extended work of written, narrative, prose fiction, usually in story form; the writer of a novel is a novelist. ... Lapérouse by François Rude (1784-1855), in 1828 Lapérouse Jean François Galaup, comte (count) de La Pérouse (August 23, 1741 – 1788) was a French naval officer and explorer whose expedition vanished in Oceania. ...

Twin towns

Albi is twinned with:

Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Girona (Catalan) Spanish name Gerona Founded 79 BC Website http://www. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_States. ... Location of Palo Alto within Santa Clara County, California. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Historic Towns in the Languedoc-Roussillon: Albi in the Languedoc. (1856 words)
Albi is the chief town of 6 cantons, covering 18 communes, with a total population of 67,728.
Albi is an Roman Catholic Archdiocese, corresponding to the Department of the Tarn.
The Catholic Church Council of Albi in 1254 organised the Inquisition in the region.
Albi at AllExperts (769 words)
Albi is the chief town of 6 cantons, covering 18 communes, with a total population of 67,728.
From 1450 to 1560, Albi enjoyed a period of commercial prosperity largely due to the cultivation of "Isatis Tinctoria" commonly known as pastel.
Albi has conserved its rich architectural heritage which encapsulates the various brilliant periods of its history.A great deal of improvement and restoration work has been done, to embellish the old quarters and to give them a new look, in which brick reigns supreme.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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