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Encyclopedia > Alberto di Jorio
Styles of
Alberto di Jorio
Reference style His Eminence
Spoken style Your Eminence
Informal style Cardinal
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Alberto Cardinal di Jorio (born July 18, 1884, Rome, Italy; died September 5, 1979, Rome), was a cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church and for many years along with the layman Bernadino Nogara the powerhouse behind the growing wealth of the Vatican and the Istituto per le Opere di Religione (popularly known as the "Vatican Bank"). Image File history File links Download high resolution version (550x741, 86 KB) Description: Vestments of a cardinal: red cassock, rochet trimmed with lace, red chimere, apostolical cross. ... A style of office, or honorific, is a form of address which by tradition or law precedes a reference to a person who holds a title or post, or to the political office itself. ... July 18 is the 199th day (200th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 166 days remaining. ... 1884 (MDCCCLXXXIV) is a leap year starting on Tuesday (click on link to calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Nickname: The Eternal City Motto: SPQR: Senatus PopulusQue Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 8th century BC Mayor Walter Veltroni Area    - City 1,285 km²  (496. ... September 5 is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years). ... This page refers to the year 1979. ... A cardinal is a senior ecclesiastical official in the Roman Catholic Church, ranking just below the Pope and appointed by him as a member of the College of Cardinals during a consistory. ... The Roman Catholic Church or Catholic Church (see Terminology below) is the Christian Church in full communion with the Bishop of Rome, currently Pope Benedict XVI. It traces its origins to the original Christian community founded by Jesus, with its traditions first established by the Twelve Apostles and maintained through... Bernardino Nogara was the financial advisor to the Vatican over many years, appointed by Pope Pius XI. He is considered by many to be the father of the modern wealth of the Catholic Church. ... The Vatican Bank is a common name given to the Istituto per le Opere di Religione (IOR) or Institute for Religious Works, the central bank for the Roman Catholic Church located in Vatican City. ...

From his earliest years di Jorio was destined for a career in the Roman Curia. He entered the most prestigious of Roman seminaries, the Pontifical Roman Seminary, and after becoming a priest in 1908 soon took up a role as an official in the vicariate of Rome. Despite doing some work as a pastor in Rome, di Jorio was always chiefly concerned with his work in the Vatican bureaucracy, and in 1918 he took up a role as president of the Istituto per le Opere di Religione ("Institute of Religious Works"). The Roman Curia - usually (though inaccurately) called the Vatican - is the administrative apparatus of the Holy See, coordinating and providing the necessary organisation for the correct functioning of the Roman Catholic Church and the achievement of its goals. ...

Under the direction of Pope Pius XI, who was eager to settle the "Roman Question" that had kept the Pope as a "prisoner of the Vatican" since Italian unification in 1870, di Jorio formed a close association with Bernadino Nogara in the 1920s. After the Lateran Treaty settled the "Roman Question" and made the Vatican an independent state, di Jorio was chosen by Nogara to run the Vatican Bank, and aided by laws that allowed Nogara to freely buy shares in any company even if it made products contrary to Catholic Church teaching, the Vatican grew immensely wealthy, buying extensively into such wealthy corporations as General Motors, Standard Oil, General Electric and IBM - as well as Italgas, the major supplier of gas in Italy at the time. Pope Pius XI (Latin: ) (May 31, 1857 – February 10, 1939), born Ambrogio Damiano Achille Ratti, reigned as Pope from February 6, 1922 and sovereign of Vatican City from 1929 until his death on February 10, 1939. ... The Lateran Treaties of February 11, 1929 provided for the mutual recognition of the then Kingdom of Italy and the Vatican City. ... General Motors Corporation, also known as GM, is the worlds largest automaker and has been since 1931. ... Standard Oil (1870–1911) was a large, integrated, oil producing, transporting, refining, and marketing company. ... GE redirects here. ... now. ...

Father di Jorio continued to run the Istituto per le Opere di Religione until after Vatican II but he also played many other roles in the Curia during these years, most notably becoming Secretary of the Sacred College of Cardinals in 1947. He ws thus secretary of the conclave during the election of Pope John XXIII who almost immediately elevated di Jorio to Cardinal although he had not been consecrated a bishop. Alberto was later thus consecrated when Pope John decreed that all cardinals had to be bishops in order to prevent the nepotism that had corrupted the Church for many centuries. The Second Vatican Council, or Vatican II, was an Ecumenical Council of the Roman Catholic Church opened under Pope John XXIII in 1962 and closed under Pope Paul VI in 1965. ... con·clave (knklv, kng-) n. ... The Papal conclave of 1958 occurred following the death of Pope Pius XII on October 9, 1958 in Castel Gandolfo, the papal summer residence in Italy, after a 19-year papacy. ... Blessed Pope John XXIII (Latin: ), (Italian: Giovanni XXIII), born Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli (November 25, 1881 – June 3, 1963), was elected as the 261st Pope of the Catholic Church and sovereign of Vatican City on October 28, 1958. ... Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Nepotism Nepotism means favoring relatives because of their relationship rather than because of their abilities. ...

As a cardinal, di Jorio participated in the Second Vatican Council and in the conclave of 1963 that elected Pope Paul VI. Although already seventy-nine at the time, he continued as effective head of the Vatican Bank until 1968, when the job was handed to the controversial Archbishop Paul Marcinkus and the Bank became subjected to severe mismanagement of its resources. Pope Paul VI (Latin: ), (Italian: Paolo VI), born Giovanni Battista Enrico Antonio Maria Montini (September 26, 1897 – August 6, 1978), reigned as Pope of the Catholic Church and as sovereign of Vatican City from 1963 to 1978. ... Paul Casimir Marcinkus was born on January 15, 1922, in Cicero, Illinois. ...

Because he was already eighty-six when Ingravescentem aetatem decreed that cardinals over eighty could no longer vote for the election of a Pope, Alberto di Jorio was excluded from participation in any future conclave. After the death of José da Costa Nunes on November 29, 1976, Alberto di Jorio became the oldest member of the College of Cardinals until his own death in 1979. He was well-regarded enough in old age for Pope Paul VI to preach a special homily for him on the seventieth anniversary of his priestly ordination. November 29 is the 333rd (in leap years the 334th) day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ...

External links

  • Biography

External references

  • Yallop, David; In God's Name: An Investigation into the Murder of Pope John Paul I; published 1984 by Poetic Product Limited; pp. 146-161.



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