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Encyclopedia > Alberta
Alberta
Flag of Alberta
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: Fortis et liber
(Latin: "Strong and free")
Map of Canada with Alberta highlighted
Capital Edmonton
Largest city Calgary
Largest metro Calgary Region
Official languages English (see below)
Government
Lieutenant-Governor Norman Kwong
Premier Ed Stelmach (PC)
Federal representation in Canadian Parliament
House seats 28
Senate seats 6
Confederation September 1, 1905 (split from Northwest Territories) (8th Province)
Area  Ranked 6th
Total 661,848 km² (2.55541×105 sq mi)
Land 642,317 km² (2.48000×105 sq mi)
Water (%) 19,531 km² (7,541 sq mi) (2.95%)
Population  Ranked 4th
Total (2008) 3,512,368 (est.)[1]
Density 5.38 /km² (13.9 /sq mi)
GDP  Ranked 3rd
Total (2007) C$259.941 billion[2]
Per capita C$74,825 (2nd)
Abbreviations
Postal AB
ISO 3166-2 CA-AB
Time zone UTC-7
Postal code prefix T
Flower   Wild rose
Tree Lodgepole Pine
Bird Great Horned Owl
Web site www.alberta.ca
Rankings include all provinces and territories

Alberta (IPA: /ælˈbɝtə/) is one of Canada's prairie provinces. It became a province on September 1, 1905. Look up Alberta in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Alberta is the name of the Canadian province eponymous with Princess Louise Caroline Alberta (1848-1939), the Duchess of Argyll and fourth daughter of Queen Victoria. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Alberta. ... Flag of Alberta The flag of Alberta, Canada was adopted on 1 June 1968. ... The Coat of Arms of Alberta, a Province of Canada was granted by Royal Warrant on May 30, 1907 by King Edward VII of the United Kingdom. ... For other uses, see Motto (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Latins and Latin (disambiguation). ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The following are the current provincial and territorial capitals of Canada: BC AB SK MB ON QC NB PE NS NL YT NT NU Capitals of Canadas provinces and territories Category: ... Edmonton is the capital of the Canadian province of Alberta, situated in the north central region of the province, an area with some of the most fertile farm land on the prairies. ... This article is about the Canadian city. ... The table below lists the 100 largest metropolitan areas in Canada by population, using data from the Canada 2001 Census[1] and the Canada 2006 Census. ... Northern Alberta Southern Alberta Central Alberta The Calgary Region is the metropolitan area based around Calgary, Alberta. ... An official language is a language that is given a special legal status in the countries, states, and other territories. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... This is a list of the lieutenant-governors of Alberta, Canada, since its establishment in 1905. ... Norman Lim Kwong, CM, AOE, KStJ, a. ... Categories: Canada-related stubs | Alberta premiers ... Edward Stelmach (born ca. ... The Progressive Conservative Association of Alberta is a provincial right-of-centre party in the Canadian province of Alberta. ... Regions Political culture Foreign relations Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      The Senate Chamber of Parliament Hill in Ottawa. ... Type Lower House Speaker Peter Milliken, Liberal since January 29, 2001 Leader of the Government in the House of Commons Peter Van Loan, Conservative since January 4, 2007 Opposition House Leader Ralph Goodale, Liberal since January 23, 2006 Members 308 Political groups Conservative Party Liberal Party Bloc Québécois... The Senate of Canada (French: Le Sénat du Canada) is a component of the Parliament of Canada, along with the Sovereign (represented by the Governor General) and the House of Commons. ... We dont have an article called Canadian-confederation Start this article Search for Canadian-confederation in. ... is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1905 (disambiguation). ... For the former United States territory, see Northwest Territory. ... A province is a territorial unit, almost always a country subdivision. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Here is a list of Canadian provinces and territories ranked by area. ... BC AB SK MB ON QC NB PE NS NL YT NT NU This is a list of Canadian provinces and territories by population, based on Statistics Canada estimates as of July 1, 2007. ... BC AB SK MB ON QC NB PE NS NL YT NT NU This article lists Canadian provinces and territories by gross domestic product. ... BC AB SK MB ON QC NB PE NS NL YT NT NU This article lists Canadian provinces and territories by gross domestic product. ... This is a list of Canadian provincial and territorial postal abbreviations. ... ISO 3166-2 codes for Canada describe 10 Provinces and 3 Territories. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... UTC redirects here. ... A Canadian postal code is a string of six characters that forms part of a postal address in Canada. ... Alberta - 150 FSAs Categories: | | ... Image File history File links Wildrose-drawing. ... Rosa acicularis, also known as the Wild Rose, the Prickily Rose, or the Arctic Rose, is a species of wild rose in North America. ... Binomial name Pinus contorta Douglas Lodgepole Pine (Pinus contorta) is a common tree in western North America. ... Binomial name (Gmelin, 1788) Distribution Subspecies see text Synonyms Strix virginiana Gmelin, 1788 The Great Horned Owl, Bubo virginianus, is a very large owl native to North and South America. ... Regions Political culture Foreign relations Other countriesAtlas  Politics Portal      Canada is a federation which consists of ten provinces that, with three territories, make up the worlds second largest country in total area. ... Map of the Canadian Prairie provinces, which include boreal forests, taiga, and mountains as well as the prairies (proper). ... Regions Political culture Foreign relations Other countriesAtlas  Politics Portal      Canada is a federation which consists of ten provinces that, with three territories, make up the worlds second largest country in total area. ... is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1905 (disambiguation). ...


Alberta is located in western Canada, bounded by the provinces of British Columbia to the west and Saskatchewan to the east, Northwest Territories to the north, and by the U.S. state of Montana to the south. Alberta is one of three provinces and territories (the others being New Brunswick and Yukon) to border only a single U.S. state. It is also one of two provinces that are land-locked (the other being Saskatchewan). This article is about the region in Canada. ... Motto: Splendor sine occasu (Latin: Splendour without diminishment) Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Official languages English (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor Steven Point Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 36 Senate seats 6 Confederation July 20, 1871 (6th province) Area  Ranked 5th Total 944... For other uses, see Saskatchewan (disambiguation). ... For the former United States territory, see Northwest Territory. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... This article is about the U.S. State. ... This article is about the Canadian province. ... This article is about the Canadian territory. ...


The capital city of Alberta is Edmonton, located just south of the centre of the province. Calgary is Alberta's largest city and a major distribution and transportation hub as well as one of Canada's major commerce centers. Edmonton is the primary supply and service hub for Canada's oil sands and other northern resource industries. According to recent population estimates, these two metropolitan areas have now both exceeded 1 million people, Calgary being more populous than Edmonton.[3] Other municipalities in the province include Red Deer, Lethbridge, Medicine Hat, Fort McMurray, Grande Prairie, Camrose, Lloydminster, Wetaskiwin, Banff, Cold Lake, and Jasper. Capital City is a 60-minute television show produced by Euston Films that ran for 13 episodes in 1989 on ITV. This drama focused on the lives of investment bankers in London living and working on the corporate trading floor for the fictional international bank Shane-Longman. ... Edmonton is the capital of the Canadian province of Alberta, situated in the north central region of the province, an area with some of the most fertile farm land on the prairies. ... This article is about the Canadian city. ... The Athabasca Oil Sands in Alberta, Canada. ... Communities of the Province of Alberta, Canada are incorporated as towns, cities and villages or unincorporated (hamlets). ... For other uses, see Red Deer. ... Lethbridge is a city in the province of Alberta, Canada. ... Nickname: Location of Medicine Hat in Alberta Coordinates: , Country Province Region Southern Alberta Census division 1 Settled 1883 Incorporated October 31, 1898 (town) Incorporated May 9, 1906 (city) Government  - Mayor Normand Boucher  - Governing body Medicine Hat City Council  - MP Monte Solberg –(Cons - Medicine Hat)  - MLAs Rob Renner –(PC - Medicine Hat... Fort McMurray, colloquially referred to as Fort Mac, is a boom town area in the northeastern part of Canadas western province of Alberta, in the Regional Municipality of Wood Buffalo. ... Grande Prairie redirects here. ... Location of Camrose in Alberta Coordinates: , Country Province Region Central Alberta Census division 10 Incorporated Village: 1905   Town: 1906   City:1955 Government [2]  - Mayor Clarence Mastel  - Governing body Camrose City Council  - MP Kevin Sorenson (Cons - Crowfoot)  - MLAs LeRoy Johnson (PC - Wetaskiwin-Camrose) Area  - Total 31. ... Lloydminster is a Canadian city which has the unusual geographic distinction of straddling a provincial border. ... Location of Wetaskiwin in Alberta Coordinates: , Country  Canada Province  Alberta Region Central Alberta Census division 11 Founded 1892 Incorporated 1900 (Village)   1902 (Town) 1906 (City) Government [1]  - Mayor Don Montgomery  - Governing body Wetaskiwin City Council  - MP Blaine Calkins  - MLA Leeroy Jenkins Area  - City 16. ... Location of Banff in Alberta Coordinates: , Country  Canada Province  Alberta Region Albertas Rockies Census division 15 Founded 1880 Government [1]  - Mayor John Stutz  - Governing body Banff Town Council  - Manager Robert Earl  - MP Myron Thompson  - MLA Janis Tarchuk Area  - Town 4. ... Location of Cold Lake in Alberta Coordinates: , Country  Canada Province Alberta Region Central Alberta Census division 12 Incorporated Town: 1996   City: 2000 Government  - Mayor Allan Buck  - Manager Ron McCullough  - Governing body Cold Lake City Council  - MP Brian Storseth  - MLA Denis Ducharme Area  - City 30. ... Jasper is a specialized municipality in western Alberta, Canada. ...


Since December 14, 2006, the Premier of the province is Hon. Ed Stelmach, Progressive Conservative. is the 348th day of the year (349th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... In Canada, a Premier is the head of government of a province. ... Edward Stelmach (born ca. ... The Progressive Conservative Association of Alberta is a provincial right-of-centre party in the Canadian province of Alberta. ...


Alberta is named after Princess Louise Caroline Alberta (1848–1939), the fourth daughter of Queen Victoria and her husband, Prince Albert. Princess Louise was the wife of the Marquess of Lorne, Governor General of Canada from 1878 to 1883. Lake Louise, the village of Caroline, and Mount Alberta were also named in honour of Princess Louise. The Princess Louise (Louise Caroline Alberta; Marchioness of Lorne and Duchess of Argyll by marriage; 18 March 1848 – 3 December 1939) was a member of the British Royal Family, the sixth child and fourth daughter of Queen Victoria and her husband, Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. ... Queen Victoria redirects here. ... John George Edward Henry Douglas Sutherland Campbell, 9th Duke of Argyll, usually better known by his courtesy title of Marquess of Lorne, by which he was known before 1900 (August 6, 1845 - May 2, 1914) was Governor General of Canada. ... The Governor General of Canada (French (feminine): Gouverneure générale du Canada, or (masculine): Gouverneur général du Canada) is the vice-regal representative in Canada of the Canadian monarch, who is the head of state. ... Lake Louise is both an actual lake and a nearby hamlet located in the Canadian province of Alberta in Banff National Park. ... Caroline is a village in central Alberta, Canada. ... Mount Alberta is a mountain located in the upper Athabasca River Valley of Jasper National Park. ...

Contents

Geography

Main article: Geography of Alberta

Alberta is in western Canada and covers an area of 661,190 km² (255,287 mi²).[4] To the south, it borders the U.S. state of Montana on the 49th Parallel. To the east at a longitude of 110° west, it borders the province of Saskatchewan. At 60° north, it is bordered by the Northwest Territories. To the west, its border with British Columbia follows the line of peaks of the Rocky Mountains range along the Continental Divide, which runs northwesterly until it reaches 120° west, at which point the border follows this meridian to 60° north. Alberta is a province in western Canada with an area 661,190 km² (260,000 mi²). It is bounded to the south by the United States boundary line, 49° north. ... “49th parallel” redirects here. ... Motto: Splendor sine occasu (Latin: Splendour without diminishment) Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Official languages English (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor Steven Point Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 36 Senate seats 6 Confederation July 20, 1871 (6th province) Area  Ranked 5th Total 944... For individual mountains named Rocky Mountain, see Rocky Mountain (disambiguation). ... A continental divide is a line of elevated terrain which forms a border between two watersheds such that water falling on one side of the line eventually travels to one ocean or body of water, and water on the other side travels to another, generally on the opposite side of...


With the exception of the southeastern section, the province is well watered. Alberta contains dozens of rivers and lakes used for swimming, water skiing, fishing and a full range of other water sports. There are three large lakes and a multitude of smaller lakes less than 260 km² each. Part of Lake Athabasca (&0000000000007898.0000007,898 km²) lies in the province of Saskatchewan. Lake Claire (&0000000000001436.0000001,436 km²) lies just west of Lake Athabasca in Wood Buffalo National Park. Lesser Slave Lake (&0000000000001168.0000001,168 km²) is northwest of Edmonton. Swimmer redirects here. ... // Water skiing began in 1922 when Ralph Samuelson strapped two boards to his feet and rigged a clothesline up to his boat on Lake Pepin in Lake City, Minnesota. ... For the computer security term, see Phishing. ... Water sport most commonly refers to a sport which is played in the water. ... Lake Athabasca, Canada Lake Athabasca is located in the Northwest corner of Saskatchewan and the Northeast corner of Alberta between the 58° and 60° latitudes. ... Lake Claire is a large Albertan lake, located west of Lake Athabasca in Wood Buffalo National Park. ... Wood Buffalo National Park, located in northeastern Alberta and southern Northwest Territories, is the largest national park in Canada at 44,807 km². The park was established in 1922 to protect the worlds largest herd of free roaming Wood Bison, currently estimated at more than 5,000. ... Lesser Slave Lake is a lake located in central Alberta, Canada, northwest of Edmonton. ... For other uses, see Edmonton (disambiguation). ...

Alberta's capital city, Edmonton, is located almost in the geographic centre of the province, and most of Alberta's oil is refined here. Southern Alberta, where Calgary is located, is known for its ranching. Much of the unforested part of Alberta is given over either to grain or to dairy farming, with ranching and grasslands predominate the south. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 1485 KB) xgf [edit] Summary [edit] Licensing If you use this image outside of projects of the Wikimedia Foundation please attribute it to Wikimedia Commons or another project of the Wikimedia Foundation. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 1485 KB) xgf [edit] Summary [edit] Licensing If you use this image outside of projects of the Wikimedia Foundation please attribute it to Wikimedia Commons or another project of the Wikimedia Foundation. ... Moraine Lake is known for its picturesque views. ... Moraine Lake, and the Valley of the Ten Peaks Banff National Park is Canadas oldest national park, established in 1885, in the Canadian Rockies. ... For other uses, see Edmonton (disambiguation). ... A refinery is composed of a group of chemical engineering unit processes and unit operations used for refining certain materials or converting raw material into products of value. ... Ranching is the raising of cattle or sheep on rangeland, although one might also speak of ranching with regard to less common livestock such as elk, bison or emu. ... The word grain has several meanings, most being descriptive of a small piece or particle. ... Dairy farm redirects here. ... An Inner Mongolia Grassland. ...


The Alberta badlands are located in southeastern Alberta, where the Red Deer River crosses the flat prairie and farmland, and features deep gorges and striking landforms. Dinosaur Provincial Park, near Brooks, Alberta, showcases the badlands terrain, desert flora, and remnants from Alberta's past when dinosaurs roamed the then lush landscape. The Chinle Badlands at Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument. ... Red Deer River is a river is in Alberta, Canada, it is a tributary of the South Saskatchewan River. ... A gorge is a narrow passage between steep mountains or hills. ... Dinosaur Provincial Park is a World Heritage Site located about 2 hours drive east of Calgary, Alberta, Canada or 48 kilometres northeast of the community of Brooks. ... Nickname: Location of Brooks in Alberta Coordinates: , Country Province Region Southern Alberta Census division 2 Incorporated 1910 (village)   1911 (town)   2005 (city) Government [1]  - Mayor Don Weisbeck  - Governing body Brooks City Council  - MP Monte Solberg (Cons - Medicine Hat)  - MLA Lyle Oberg (PC - Strathmore-Brooks) Area [2]  - City 17. ... This article is about arid terrain. ... In Botany a Flora (or Floræ) is a collective term for plant life and can also refer to a descriptive catalogue of the plants of any geographical area, geological period, etc. ... Orders & Suborders Saurischia Sauropodomorpha Theropoda Ornithischia Thyreophora Ornithopoda Marginocephalia Dinosaurs were vertebrate animals that dominated the terrestrial ecosystem for over 160 million years, first appearing approximately 230 million years ago. ...


Alberta is one of only two Canadian provinces to have no maritime coast (the other being the neighbouring province of Saskatchewan.)


Climate

Because Alberta extends for &0000000000001200.0000001,200 km from north to south, and about 600 km wide at its greatest east-west extent, it is natural that its climate should vary considerably. It is also further influenced by its elevation since the province is a high plateau. The elevation ranges from about &0000000000001000.0000001,000 meters in the south (Calgary is about &0000000000001100.0000001,100 meters and Red Deer is about &0000000000000850.000000850 meters) to &0000000000000650.000000650 meters in the north. The presence of a wall of mountains on the west and open prairies on the east also influences the weather.


Northern Alberta is mostly covered by boreal forest and has fewer frost-free days than southern Alberta, which has a semi-arid climate. The southeastern corner of Alberta experiences greater summer heat and lower rainfall than the rest of the province. Western Alberta is protected by the mountains and enjoys the mild temperatures brought by winter chinook winds, while southeastern Alberta is a generally flat, dry prairie with some hills, where temperatures are most extreme. They can range from very cold (−35 °C (−31 °F) or lower in the winter) to very hot (38 °C (100 °F) or higher in the summer). Central and parts of northwestern Alberta in the Peace River region are largely aspen parkland, a biome transitional between prairie to the south and boreal forest to the north. After southern Ontario, Central Alberta is the most likely region in Canada to experience tornadoes. Thunderstorms, some of them severe, are frequent in the summer, especially in central and southern Alberta. The region surrounding the Calgary-Edmonton Corridor is notable for having the highest frequency of hail in Canada, which is caused by orographic lifting from the nearby Rocky Mountains, enhancing the updraft/downdraft cycle necessary for the formation of hail. For other uses, see Taiga (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Chinook. ... The Aspen Parklands Ecoregion // Overview Subsections Central Foothills Peace River Special Features Sand dunes Sand plains Badlands Kame fields Topography Variables Level glacial lakebeds Rolling areas Hummocky Moraine Climate Central Moderate precipitation Moderate temperature Foothills Chinooks Strong winds Peace River Higher precipitation Short summer/Long winter Moderate winds Vegetation There... A biome is a climatically and geographically defined area of ecologically similar communities of plants, animals, and soil organisms, often referred to as ecosystems. ... For other uses, see Prairie (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Canadian province. ... For other uses of Tornado, see Tornado (disambiguation). ... A shelf cloud associated with a heavy or severe thunderstorm over Enschede, The Netherlands. ... The Calgary-Edmonton Corridor is a geographical region of the Canadian province of Alberta. ... This article is about the precipitation. ...


Overall, Alberta has cold winters, with a temperature average ranging from −10 °C (14 °F) in the south to −24 °C (−12 °F) in the north. In the south along the foothills of the Rockies, the winter cold is sometimes interrupted by Chinook winds which can propel temperatures upward in a short time frame close to or infrequently above 20 °C (68 °F). These conditions most commonly occur in February or March. In the summer, the average daytime temperatures range from around 21 °C (70 °F) in the Rocky Mountains (valleys) and far north to near 30 °C (86 °F) in the dry prairie of the southeast. The northern and western parts of the province experience higher rainfall and lower evaporation rates caused by cooler summer temperatures. The south and east-central portions are prone to drought-like conditions sometimes persisting for several years, although even these areas can receive heavy precipitation. Alberta experiences a good amount of sunshine for its northern location owing to its fairly dry climate; the east-central part of the province (bordering Saskatchewan) is the sunniest place in Canada with an average of over &0000000000002500.0000002,500 hours each year. Chinook winds, often just called chinooks, are a wind pattern observed in midwestern North America, named for the Chinook Indians. ...


History

Alexander Rutherford, Alberta's first premier
Alexander Rutherford, Alberta's first premier
Main article: History of Alberta

The province of Alberta, as far north as about 53° north latitude, was a part of Rupert's Land from the time of the incorporation of the Hudson's Bay Company (1670). After the arrival in the North-West of the French around 1731 they settled the prairies of the west, establishing communities such as Lac La Biche and Bonnyville. Fort La Jonquière was established near what is now Calgary in 1752. The North West Company of Montreal occupied the northern part of Alberta territory before the Hudson's Bay Company arrived from Hudson Bay to take possession of it. The first explorer of the Athabasca region was Peter Pond, who, on behalf of the North West Company of Montreal, built Fort Athabasca on Lac La Biche in 1778. Roderick Mackenzie built Fort Chipewyan on Lake Athabasca ten years later in 1788. His cousin, Sir Alexander Mackenzie followed the North Saskatchewan River to its northernmost point near Edmonton, then setting northward on foot, trekked to the Athabasca River, which he followed to Lake Athabasca. It was there he discovered the mighty outflow river which bears his name—the Mackenzie River—which he followed to its outlet in the Arctic Ocean. Returning to Lake Athabasca, he followed the Peace River upstream, eventually reaching the Pacific Ocean, and so he became the first white man to cross the North American continent north of Mexico.[5] Alexander Cameron Rutherford (February 2, 1857 _ June 11, 1941), Canadian politician, was Premier of Alberta between 1905 and 1910. ... Establishment When missionaries and fur traders arrived from Europe in the eighteenth century Alberta was inhabited by several Aboriginal nations. ... This article is about the trading territory. ... Hbc redirects here. ... Lac La Biche is an urban service area in the province of Alberta, Canada. ... Location of Bonnyville within census division number 12, Alberta, Canada. ... For the grocery chain, see The North West Company The North West Company a fur trading business headquartered in the city of Montreal in British North America from 1779 to 1821. ... Nickname: Motto: Concordia Salus (well-being through harmony) Coordinates: , Country Province Region Montréal Founded 1642 Established 1832 Government  - Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area [1][2][3]  - City 365. ... Copy of a Map Presented to Congress of the United States and to the Lt. ... Fort Chipewyan is the oldest European settlement in the province of Alberta, Canada. ... Alexander MacKenzie painted by Thomas Lawrence (c. ... The North Saskatchewan River is a glacier-fed river flowing east from the Canadian Rockies to Lake Winnipeg. ... For other uses, see Mackenzie River (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Peace River. ...


The district of Alberta was created as part of the North-West Territories in 1882. As settlement increased, local representatives to the North-West Legislative Assembly were added. After a long campaign for autonomy, in 1905 the district of Alberta was enlarged and given provincial status, with the election of Alexander Cameron Rutherford as the first premier. Alexander Rutherford, painting by V.A. Long Alexander Cameron Rutherford (Osgoode, ON February 2, 1857 - June 11, 1941 Edmonton, AB), Canadian politician, the first Premier of Alberta from 1905 to 1910. ...


Demographics

Alberta's population has grown steadily for over a century.
Alberta's population has grown steadily for over a century.

Alberta has enjoyed a relatively high rate of growth in recent years, mainly because of its burgeoning economy. Between 2003 and 2004, the province had high birthrates (on par with some larger provinces such as British Columbia), relatively high immigration, and a high rate of interprovincial migration when compared to other provinces.[6] Approximately 81% of the population live in urban areas and only about 19% live in rural areas. The Calgary-Edmonton Corridor is the most urbanized area in the province and is one of the most densely populated areas of Canada.[7] Many of Alberta's cities and towns have also experienced very high rates of growth in recent history. Over the past century, Alberta's population rose from 73,022 in 1901 to 2,974,807 in 2001[8] and 3,290,350 according to the 2006 census[9] Image File history File links Alberta_population. ... Image File history File links Alberta_population. ... Albertas population has grown steadily for over a century The province of Alberta has enjoyed a relatively high rate of growth in recent years, due in large part to its burgeoning economy. ... Motto: Splendor sine occasu (Latin: Splendour without diminishment) Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Official languages English (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor Steven Point Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 36 Senate seats 6 Confederation July 20, 1871 (6th province) Area  Ranked 5th Total 944... The Canada 2006 Census was a detailed enumeration of the Canadian population. ...


Languages

The 2006 census found that English, with 2,576,670 native speakers, was the mother tongue of 79.99% of Albertans. The next most common mother tongues were Chinese languages with 97,275 native-speakers (3.02%); followed by German with 84,505 native-speakers (2.62%); and French with 61,225 (1.90%);then Punjabi 36,320 (1.13%); Tagalog 29,740 (0.92%); Ukrainian 29,455 (0.91%); Spanish 29,125 (0.90%); and Polish 21,990 (0.68%); Arabic 20,495 (0.64%); Dutch 19,980 (0.62%); and Vietnamese 19,350 (0.60%). The most common aboriginal language is Cree 17,215 (0.53%). Other common mother tongues include Italian with 13,095 speakers (0.41%); Urdu with 11,275 (0.35%); and Korean with 10,845 (0.33%); then Hindi 8,985 (0.28%); Persian 7,700 (0.24%); Portuguese 7,205 (0.22%); and Hungarian 6,770 (0.21%).
(Figures shown are for the number of single language responses and the percentage of total single-language responses.)[10] The Canada 2006 Census was a detailed enumeration of the Canadian population. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Chinese (written) language (pinyin: zhōngwén) written in Chinese characters The Chinese language (汉语/漢語, 华语/華語, or 中文; Pinyin: Hànyǔ, Huáyǔ, or Zhōngwén) is a member of the Sino-Tibetan family of languages. ... Punjabi (also Panjabi; in GurmukhÄ«, PanjābÄ« in ShāhmukhÄ«) is the language of the Punjab regions of India and Pakistan. ... Tagalog (pronounced ) is one of the major languages of the Republic of the Philippines. ... Arabic can mean: From or related to Arabia From or related to the Arabs The Arabic language; see also Arabic grammar The Arabic alphabet, used for expressing the languages of Arabic, Persian, Malay ( Jawi), Kurdish, Panjabi, Pashto, Sindhi and Urdu, among others. ... Cree (also known as Cree-Montagnais, Cree-Montagnais-Naskapi) is the name for a group of closely-related Algonquian languages spoken by approximately 117,000 people across Canada, from the Northwest Territories to Labrador, making it by far the most spoken aboriginal language in Canada. ... Urdu ( , , trans. ... Khariboli (also Khadiboli, Khadi-Boli, or Khari dialect; identified as Hindi by SIL Ethnologue), (/ /; Hindi: खड़ी बोली; Urdu: كهڑى بولى, ; lit. ... Farsi redirects here. ...


Ethnicity

In the 2001 Canadian census, 387,445 Albertans (13.17%) identified themselves as "Canadian" while 426,035 (14.49%) identified some other ethnicity as well as "Canadian", making a total of 813,485 (27.66%) for "Canadian". The other most commonly reported ethnicities were: 753,185 English (25.61%); and 576,350 German (19.60%); 556,575 Scottish (18.92%); 461,065 Irish (15.68%); 332,675 French (11.31%); 285,725 Ukrainian (9.71%); 149,225 Dutch (5.07%); 144,040 North American Indian (4.90%); 137,625 Polish (4.68%); 120,050 Norwegian (4.08%); and 108,050 Chinese (3.67%). (Each person could choose more than one ethnicity.)[11] English Canadian is a term that usually refers to the English-speaking majority population of Canada, most often contrasted with French Canadian. ... German-Canadians are those Canadians of German decent. ... Scottish-Canadians are Scottish people or people of Scottish descent living in Canada. ... A Sioux in traditional dress including war bonnet, circa 1908. ...


Alberta has significant ethnic diversity. Both the Chinese and East Indian communities are significant. According to Statistics Canada, Alberta is home to the second highest proportion (two percent) of Francophones in western Canada (after Manitoba). Many of Alberta's French-speaking residents live in the central and northwestern regions of the province. As reported in the 2001 census, the Chinese represented nearly four percent of Alberta's population, and East Indians represented better than two percent. Both Edmonton and Calgary have Chinatowns, and Calgary's is Canada's third largest. The Chinese presence began with workers employed in the building of the Canadian Pacific Railway in the 1880s. Aboriginal Albertans make up approximately three percent of the population. // Indo-Canadians are Canadians whose origin traces back to the nation of India. ... A Francophone is a person who speaks French natively or by adoption (i. ... Motto: Gloriosus et Liber (Latin: Glorious and free) Capital Winnipeg Largest city Winnipeg Official languages English French (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor John Harvard Premier Gary Doer (NDP) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 14 Senate seats 6 Confederation July 15, 1870 (5th) Area  Ranked 8th Total 647,797... The Franco-Albertans are an extended community of French Canadians or French-speaking people living in Alberta. ... This article is about sections of an urban area associated with a large number of Chinese residents or commercial activities. ... Aboriginal peoples in Alberta consist of two ethnic groups, the First Nations and the Métis. ...


The major contributors to Alberta's ethnic diversity have been the European nations.[8] Forty-four percent of Albertans are of British and Irish descent, and there are also large numbers of Germans, Ukrainians and Scandinavians. Amongst those of British origins, the Scots have had a particularly strong influence, with many place-names (including Calgary, Airdrie, Canmore and Banff) having Scottish origins. German-Canadians are those Canadians of German descent. ... For other uses, see Scandinavia (disambiguation). ... Scottish-Canadians are Scottish people or people of Scottish descent living in Canada. ... Airdrie can refer to: Places Airdrie, North Lanarkshire, in Scotland Airdrie, Alberta, in Canada Football (Soccer) Clubs Airdrieonians the defunct team from North Lanarkshire (Scotland) Airdrie United their re-incarnation ... Categories: Canada-place stubs | Alberta communities ... Location of Banff in Alberta Coordinates: , Country  Canada Province  Alberta Region Albertas Rockies Census division 15 Founded 1880 Government [1]  - Mayor John Stutz  - Governing body Banff Town Council  - Manager Robert Earl  - MP Myron Thompson  - MLA Janis Tarchuk Area  - Town 4. ... This article is about the country. ...


Religion

As of the Canada 2001 Census the largest religious group was Roman Catholic, representing 25.7% of the population. Alberta had the second highest percentage of non-religious residents in Canada (after British Columbia) at 23.1% of the population. Of the remainder, 13.5% of the population identified themselves as belonging to the United Church, while 5.9% were Anglican. Lutherans made up 4.8% of the population while Baptists comprised 2.5%. The remainder had a wide variety of different religious affiliations, although no individual group constituted more than 2% of the population.[12] The Canada 2001 Census was a detailed enumeration of the Canadian population. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... Irreligion or irreligiousness is the absence of religious belief. ... Motto: Splendor sine occasu (Latin: Splendour without diminishment) Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Official languages English (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor Steven Point Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 36 Senate seats 6 Confederation July 20, 1871 (6th province) Area  Ranked 5th Total 944... The United Church can refer to a number of churches. ... The term Anglican describes those people and churches following the religious traditions of the Church of England, especially following the Reformation. ... The Lutheran movement is a group of denominations of Protestant Christianity by the original definition. ... Baptist churches are part of a Christian movement often regarded as an Evangelical, Protestant denomination. ...


The Mormons of Alberta reside primarily in the extreme south of the province and made up 1.7% of the population. Alberta has a population of Hutterites, a communal Anabaptist sect similar to the Mennonites (Hutterites represented 0.4% of the population while Mennonites were 0.8%), and has a significant population of Seventh-day Adventists at 0.3%. Alberta is home to several Byzantine Rite Churches as part of the legacy of Eastern European immigration, including the Ukrainian Catholic Eparchy of Edmonton, and the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of Canada's Western Diocese which is based in Edmonton. For other uses, see The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (disambiguation). ... Hutterite women at work Hutterites are a communal branch of Anabaptists who, like the Amish and Mennonites, trace their roots to the Radical Reformation of the 16th century. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Relation to other religions Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Christianity Portal This box:      Anabaptists (Greek ανα (again) +βαπτιζω (baptize), thus re-baptizers[1]) are Christians of the Radical Reformation. ... The Mennonites are a group of Christian Anabaptist denominations based on the teachings and tradition of Menno Simons. ... The Seventh-day Adventist (abbreviated Adventist[3]) Church is a Protestant Christian denomination which is distinguished mainly by its observance of Saturday, the original seventh day of the Judeo-Christian week, as the Sabbath. ... The Byzantine Rite, sometimes called Constantinopolitan, is the liturgical rite used (in various languages) by all the Eastern Orthodox Churches and by several Eastern Catholic Churches. ... The Ukrainian Catholic Eparchy of Edmonton is a Ukrainian Catholic archdiocese that includes part of the Canada. ... The Ukrainian Orthodox Church of Canada (UOCC) is an Eastern Orthodox Church in Canada, primarily serving Ukrainian Canadians. ... List of Ecumenical Patriarchate Ukrainian Orthodox Archbishops of Edmonton and Western Canada: His Eminence John (1990-present) Categories: Eastern Orthodoxy ...


Muslims, Sikhs, and Hindus live in Alberta. Muslims constituted 1.7% of the population, Sikhs 0.8% and Hindus 0.5%. Many of these are recent immigrants, but others have roots that go back to the first settlers of the prairies.[citation needed] North America's oldest mosque is located in Edmonton.[citation needed] There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ... Religions Sikhism Scriptures Guru Granth Sahib Languages English, Punjabi] A Sikh (English: or ; Punjabi: , , IPA: ) is an adherent to Sikhism. ... This article discusses the adherents of Hinduism. ...


Jews constituted 0.4% of Alberta's population. Most of Alberta's 13,000 Jews live in Calgary (7,500) and Edmonton (5,000).[13]


Economy

Main article: Economy of Alberta

Alberta's economy is one of the strongest in Canada, supported by the burgeoning petroleum industry and to a lesser extent, agriculture and technology. The per capita GDP in 2006 was by far the highest of any province in Canada at C$69,789. This was 56% higher than the national average and more than twice that of some of the Atlantic provinces. This deviation from the national average was the largest for any province in Canadian history.[14] // Albertas economy is one of the strongest in Canada, supported by the burgeoning petroleum industry and to a lesser extent, agriculture and technology. ... Petro redirects here. ... C$ redirects here. ...


The Calgary-Edmonton Corridor is the most urbanized region in the province and one of the densest in Canada. The region covers a distance of roughly 400 kilometres north to south. In 2001, the population of the Calgary-Edmonton Corridor was 2.15 million (72% of Alberta's population).[15] It is also one of the fastest growing regions in the country. A 2003 study by TD Bank Financial Group found the corridor to be the only Canadian urban centre to amass a U.S. level of wealth while maintaining a Canadian style quality of life, offering universal health care benefits. The study found that GDP per capita in the corridor is 10% above average U.S. metropolitan areas and 40% above other Canadian cities. The Toronto-Dominion Bank (or TD Bank) offers a range of financial products and services. ... Universal health care, or universal healthcare, is health care coverage which is extended to all citizens, and sometimes permanent residents, of a governmental region. ...


According to the Fraser Institute, Alberta also has very high levels of economic freedom. It is by far the most free economy in Canada,[16] and is rated as the 4th most free economy of U.S. states and Canadian provinces.[17] The Fraser Institute is a conservative and libertarian think tank based in Canada. ...


Industry

Mildred Lake mine site and plant at the Athabasca Oil Sands
Mildred Lake mine site and plant at the Athabasca Oil Sands

Alberta is the largest producer of conventional crude oil, synthetic crude, natural gas and gas products in the country. Alberta is the world’s 2nd largest exporter of natural gas and the 4th largest producer.[18] Two of the largest producers of petrochemicals in North America are located in central and north central Alberta. In both Red Deer and Edmonton, world class polyethylene and vinyl manufacturers produce products shipped all over the world, and Edmonton's oil refineries provide the raw materials for a large petrochemical industry to the east of Edmonton. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 135 KB) This is a picture of Syncrudes base mine. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 135 KB) This is a picture of Syncrudes base mine. ... The Athabasca Oil Sands in Alberta, Canada. ... Petro redirects here. ... Synthetic crude is a type of crude oil developed by upgrading bitumen (a tar like substance found in tar sands). ... For other uses, see Natural gas (disambiguation). ... A petrochemical is any chemical derived from fossil fuel. ... North American redirects here. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Chemical structure of the vinyl functional group. ... View of Shell Oil Refinery in Martinez, California. ... Petrochemicals are chemical products made from raw materials of petroleum (hydrocarbon) origin. ...


The Athabasca Oil Sands (sometimes known as the Athabasca Tar sands) have estimated non-conventional oil reserves approximately equal to the conventional oil reserves of the rest of the world, estimated to be 1.6 trillion barrels (254 km³). With the development of new extraction methods such as steam assisted gravity drainage, which was developed in Alberta, bitumen and synthetic crude oil can be produced at costs close to those of conventional crude. Many companies employ both conventional strip mining and non-conventional in situ methods to extract the bitumen from the oil sands. With current technology and at current prices, about 315 billion barrels (50 km³) of bitumen are recoverable. Fort McMurray, one of Canada's fastest growing cities, has grown enormously in recent years because of the large corporations which have taken on the task of oil production. As of late 2006 there were over $100 billion in oil sands projects under construction or in the planning stages in northeastern Alberta.[19] The Athabasca Oil Sands in Alberta, Canada. ... Athabasca Oil Sands Tar sands is a common term for what are more accurately called bituminous sands, but also commonly referred to as oil sands or (in Venezuela) extra heavy oil. ... Non-conventional oil is oil extracted using techniques other than the traditional oil well method. ... Pumpjack pumping an oil well near Sarnia, Ontario Ignacy Łukasiewicz - inventor of the refining of kerosene from crude oil. ... Steam Assisted Gravity Drainage (SAGD) is an enhanced oil recovery technology for heavy crude oil and bitumen. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... In situ is a Latin phrase meaning in the place. ... Ewer from Iran, dated 1180-1210CE. Composed of brass worked in repoussé and inlaid with silver and bitumen. ... Fort McMurray is a town in the northeastern part of Canadas western province of Alberta, in the Regional Municipality of Wood Buffalo, Alberta. ...


Another factor determining the viability of oil extraction from the Tar Sands is the price of oil. The oil price increases since 2003 have made it more than profitable to extract this oil, which in the past would give little profit or even a loss.


With concerted effort and support from the provincial government, several high-tech industries have found their birth in Alberta, notably patents related to interactive liquid crystal display systems.[20] With a growing economy, Alberta has several financial institutions dealing with civil and private funds. LCD redirects here. ...


Agriculture and forestry

Agriculture has a significant position in the province's economy. The province has over three million head of cattle,[21] and Alberta beef has a healthy worldwide market. Nearly one half of all Canadian beef is produced in Alberta. Alberta is one of the prime producers of plains buffalo (bison) for the consumer market. Sheep for wool and mutton are also raised. Download high resolution version (1600x1100, 177 KB)Alberta canola field This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Download high resolution version (1600x1100, 177 KB)Alberta canola field This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... In agriculture, Canola is a trademarked cultivar of genetically engineered rapeseed variants from which rapeseed oil is obtained. ... Northern Alberta Southern Alberta Central Alberta Central Alberta (also named Albertas Heartland) is a region located in the Canadian province of Alberta. ... For general information about the genus, including other species of cattle, see Bos. ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) Subspecies B. b. ... Sheep redirects here. ... For other uses, see Wool (disambiguation). ... An unweaned lamb Legs of lamb in a supermarket cabinet The terms lamb, hoggett or mutton are culinary names for the meat of a domestic sheep. ...

Grain elevator in southern Alberta
Grain elevator in southern Alberta

Wheat and canola are primary farm crops, with Alberta leading the provinces in spring wheat production; other grains are also prominent. Much of the farming is dryland farming, often with fallow seasons interspersed with cultivation. Continuous cropping (in which there is no fallow season) is gradually becoming a more common mode of production because of increased profits and a reduction of soil erosion. Across the province, the once common grain elevator is slowly being lost as rail lines are decreasing; farmers typically truck the grain to central points. Download high resolution version (848x512, 25 KB)Grain Elevator - Alberta This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Download high resolution version (848x512, 25 KB)Grain Elevator - Alberta This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Southern Alberta is a region located in the Canadian province of Alberta. ... Species T. aestivum T. boeoticum T. dicoccoides T. dicoccon T. durum T. monococcum T. spelta T. sphaerococcum T. timopheevii References:   ITIS 42236 2002-09-22 Wheat Wheat For the indie rock group, see Wheat (band). ... In agriculture, Canola is a trademarked cultivar of genetically engineered rapeseed variants from which rapeseed oil is obtained. ... Grain redirects here. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


Alberta is the leading beekeeping province of Canada, with some beekeepers wintering hives indoors in specially designed barns in southern Alberta, then migrating north during the summer into the Peace River valley where the season is short but the working days are long for honeybees to produce honey from clover and fireweed. Hybrid canola also requires bee pollination, and some beekeepers service this need. Beekeeping, tacuinum sanitatis casanatensis (14th century) Honey seeker depicted on 6000 year old cave painting near Valencia, Spain Beekeeping (or apiculture, from Latin apis, a bee) is the practice of intentional maintenance of honey bee colonies, commonly in hives, by humans. ... Domesticated Western honey bees are kept in beehives. ... The Peace River is a river in Canada which originates in the Rocky Mountains of northern British Columbia and flows through northern Alberta. ... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1758 Subspecies North-west of Europe South-west of Europe Middle East Africa Synonyms Apis mellifica Linnaeus, 1761 The Western honey bee or European honey bee (Apis mellifera) is a species of honey bee. ... For other uses, see Clover (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Epilobium angustifolium L. For the tropical plant, see Crassocephalum. ... This article is about a biological term. ... For other uses, see Western honey bee and Bee (disambiguation). ... Carpenter bee with pollen collected from Night-blooming cereus Pollination is an important step in the reproduction of seed plants: the transfer of pollen grains (containing the male gametes, sperm) to the plant carpel of flowering plants, the structure that contains the ovule (which in turn houses the female gamete...


The vast northern forest reserves of softwood allow Alberta to produce large quantities of lumber, oriented strand board (OSB) and plywood, and several plants in northern Alberta supply North America and the Pacific Rim nations with bleached wood pulp and newsprint. This article is about a community of trees. ... Despite being fairly hard, cedar is a softwood Softwood is a generic term used in woodworking and the lumber industries for wood from conifers (needle-bearing trees from the order Pinales). ... Timber in storage for later processing at a sawmill roni Lumber or timber is a term used to describe wood, either standing or that has been processed for use — from the time trees are felled, to its end product as a material suitable for industrial use — as structural material for... OSB-production before the press Oriented strand board, or OSB, is an engineered wood product formed by layering strands (flakes) of wood in specific orientations. ... Towers of Hanoi constructed from plywood. ... The USS Abraham Lincoln Battle Group along with ships from Australia, Chile, Japan, Canada, and Korea speed towards Honolulu in RIMPAC 2000. ... For other uses, see Nation (disambiguation). ... International Paper Company Wood pulp is the most common material used to make paper. ... Newsprint is low-cost, low-quality, non-archival paper. ...


Tourism

Main article: Tourism in Alberta

Alberta has been a tourist destination from the early days of the twentieth century, with attractions including outdoor locales for skiing, hiking and camping, shopping locales such as West Edmonton Mall, outdoor festivals, professional athletic events, international sporting competitions such as the Commonwealth Games and Olympic Games, as well as more eclectic attractions. There are also natural attractions like Elk Island National Park, Wood Buffalo National Park, and the Columbia Icefield. Download high resolution version (1280x960, 1127 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (1280x960, 1127 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Stephen Avenue is a major pedestrian mall in downtown Calgary, Alberta, Canada. ... Stephen Avenue, Calgary. ... West Edmonton Mall (WEM), located in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada is the largest shopping mall in North America and the third largest in the world. ... Current flag of the Commonwealth Games Federation Locations of the games, and participating countries Commonwealth Games Federation seal, adopted in 2001 The Commonwealth Games is a multinational, multi-sport event. ... The five Olympic rings were designed in 1913, adopted in 1914 and debuted at the Games at Antwerp, 1920. ... Elk Island National Park, established in 1913, is located just east of Edmonton, Alberta. ... Wood Buffalo National Park, located in northeastern Alberta and southern Northwest Territories, is the largest national park in Canada at 44,807 km². The park was established in 1922 to protect the worlds largest herd of free roaming Wood Bison, currently estimated at more than 5,000. ... Athabasca Glacier, Columbia Icefield, Canadian Rockies. ...


According to Alberta Economic Development, Edmonton and Calgary both host over four million visitors annually. Banff, Jasper and the Rocky Mountains are visited by about three million people per year.[22]

Lake Louise in the Canadian Rockies
Lake Louise in the Canadian Rockies

Alberta's Rocky Mountains include well known tourist destinations Banff National Park and Jasper National Park. The two mountain parks are connected by the scenic Icefields Parkway. Banff is located 128 km west of Calgary on Highway 1, and Jasper is located 366 km west of Edmonton on Yellowhead Highway. Five of Canada's fourteen UNESCO World heritage sites are located within the province: Canadian Rocky Mountain Parks, Waterton-Glacier International Peace Park, Wood Buffalo National Park, Dinosaur Provincial Park and Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 706 KB) Summary Description: Fairmont Chateau Hotel, Lake Louise, Banff National Park, Canada Source: photo taken by author Date: 17. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 706 KB) Summary Description: Fairmont Chateau Hotel, Lake Louise, Banff National Park, Canada Source: photo taken by author Date: 17. ... For other uses, see Lake Louise. ... The Canadian Rockies comprise the Canadian segment of the North American Rocky Mountains range. ... Moraine Lake, and the Valley of the Ten Peaks Banff National Park is Canadas oldest national park, established in 1885, in the Canadian Rockies. ... Jasper National Park is the largest national park in the Canadian Rockies, spanning 10,878 km² (4200 mi²). It is located in the province of Alberta, to the north of Banff National Park and west of the city of Edmonton. ... 93 Athabasca Glacier on the Columbia Icefield. ... Highway 1 is southern Albertas primary east-west highway. ... The Yellowhead Highway is a major east-west highway connecting the four western Canadian provinces of British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba. ... Org type Specialized Agency Acronyms UNESCO Head Director General of UNESCO Koïchiro Matsuura Japan Status Active Established 1945 Website www. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... The Canadian Rocky Mountain Parks World Heritage Site is located in the Canadian Rockies. ... The Waterton-Glacier International Peace Park is the name of the union of the Glacier National Park in the United States and the Waterton Lakes National Park in Canada. ... Dinosaur Provincial Park is a World Heritage Site located about 2 hours drive east of Calgary, Alberta, Canada or 48 kilometres northeast of the community of Brooks. ... Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump is located where the foothills of the Rocky Mountains begin to rise from the prairie 18 km northwest of Fort Macleod, Alberta, Canada on highway 785. ...


About 1.2 million people pass through the gates of Calgary's world-famous Stampede,[23] a celebration of Canada's own Wild West and the cattle ranching industry. About 800,000 people enjoy Edmonton's Capital Ex (formerly Klondike Days).[24] Edmonton was the gateway to the only all-Canadian route to the Yukon gold fields, and the only route which did not require gold-seekers to travel the exhausting and dangerous Chilkoot Pass. Great Basin region, typical American West The Western United States has played a significant role in history and fiction. ... The logo for Edmontons Capital EX 2006 Edmontons Capital EX is an annual 10-day exhibition that is located in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. ... This article is about the Canadian territory. ... Goldfield is the name of two towns in the United States: Goldfield, Iowa Goldfield, Nevada Goldfield is also a common name for the wildflower Penstemon barbatus Goldfield or goldfields may also describe an area where Gold mining occurs. ... Chilkoot Pass (el. ...


Another tourist destination that draws more than 650,000 visitors each year is the Drumheller Valley, located northeast of Calgary. Drumheller, "Dinosaur Capital of The World", offers the Royal Tyrrell Museum of Palaeontology. Drumheller also had a rich mining history being one of Western Canada's largest coal producers during the war years. The Canadian Badlands has much to offer in the way of attractions, cultural events, celebrations, accommodations and service.


Located in east-central Alberta is Alberta Prairie Railway Excursions, a popular tourist attraction operated out of Stettler. It boasts one of the few operable steam trains in the world, offering trips through the rolling prairie scenery. Alberta Prairie Railway Excursions caters to tens of thousands of visitors every year. Alberta Prairie Railway Excursions is a heritage railway originating in Stettler, Alberta. ... Stettler is a town in Alberta, Canada. ...


Alberta is an important destination for tourists who love to ski and hike; Alberta boasts several world-class ski resorts such as Sunshine Village, Lake Louise, Marmot Basin, Norquay and Nakiska. Hunters and fishermen from around the world are able to take home impressive trophies and tall tales from their experiences in Alberta's wilderness. Cross-country skiing (skating style) in Einsiedeln, Switzerland. ... Two hikers in the Mount Hood National Forest Eagle Creek hiking Hiking is a form of walking, undertaken with the specific purpose of exploring and enjoying the scenery. ... St. ... Sunshine Village is a ski resort in Banff National Park, Alberta. ... Lake Louise Mountain Resort is a large ski resort located in Banff National Park, in the village of Lake Louise, Alberta. ... Marmot Basin is an alpine ski area located in Albertas Jasper National Park. ... Mout Norquay (also called Ski Bnaff@Norquay) is a ski resort in the Canadian Rockies, near the town of Banff, Alberta. ... Nakiska is a ski resort in Albertas Kananaskis Country. ... Some loving-cup trophies seen in the London Irish clubhouse at Sunbury in 2002. ... A tall tale is a story that claims to explain the reason for some natural phenomenon, or sometimes illustrates how skilled/intelligent/powerful the subject of the tale was. ...


Taxation

The province's revenue comes mainly from the taxation of oil, natural gas, beef, softwood lumber, and wheat, but also includes a tax on corporate and personal income, gaming revenue, and grants from the federal government primarily for infrastructure projects. Albertans are the lowest-taxed people in Canada, and Alberta is the only province in Canada without a provincial sales tax (though residents are still subject to the federal sales tax, the Goods and Services Tax). Alberta's municipalities and school jurisdictions have their own governments which (usually) work in co-operation with the provincial government. The Government of Canada is the federal government of Canada. ... A sales tax is a consumption tax charged at the point of purchase for certain goods and services. ... The Canadian Goods and Services Tax (GST) (French: Taxe sur les produits et services, TPS) is a multi-level value-added tax introduced in Canada on January 1, 1991, by Prime Minister Brian Mulroney and finance minister Michael Wilson. ...


Transportation

David Thompson Highway outside of Banff National Park
David Thompson Highway outside of Banff National Park

Alberta has over 180,000 km of highways and roads, of which nearly 50,000 km are paved. The main north-south corridor is Highway 2, which begins south of Cardston at the Carway border crossing and is part of the CANAMEX Corridor. Highway 4, which effectively extends Interstate 15 into Alberta and is the busiest U.S. gateway to the province, begins at the Coutts border crossing and ends at Lethbridge. Highway 3 joins Lethbridge to Fort Macleod and links Highway 4 to Highway 2. Highway 2 travels northward through Fort Macleod, Calgary, Red Deer, and Edmonton before dividing into two highways. The section of Highway 2 between Calgary and Edmonton has been named the Queen Elizabeth II Highway to commemorate the visit of the monarch in 2005. Past Edmonton, one branch continues northwest as Highway 43 into Grande Prairie and the Peace River Country; the other (Highway 63) travels northeast to Fort McMurray, the location of the Athabasca Oil Sands. Highway 2 is supplemented by two more highways that run parallel to it: Highway 22, west of highway 2, known as "the cowboy trail," and Highway 21, east of highway 2. Moraine Lake, and the Valley of the Ten Peaks Banff National Park is Canadas oldest national park, established in 1885, in the Canadian Rockies. ... For other uses, see Highway (disambiguation). ... Look up Corridor in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Deerfoot Trail in Calgary, Alberta. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Carway borders in the extreme south of Alberta into Montana. ... The CANAMEX corridor is a corridor linking Canada to Mexico through the United States. ... Alberta Highway 4 forms the most southerly leg of Albertas CANAMEX Highway system it travels south from Lethbridge as a divided Highway to Coutts Alberta where it meets With Interstate 15 connecting eventually to Salt Lake City(14 hours from Lethbridge) and Las Vegas and its ending in... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Interstate 15 “I-15” redirects here. ... Coutts is the most important Canada - US border crossing west of Vancouver and east of Toronto. ...     Crowsnest Highway marker shields. ... Fort Macleod is a town in the southwest of the province of Alberta, Canada. ... Deerfoot Trail in Calgary, Alberta. ... Highway 43 westbound, west of Whitecourt Highway 43 eastbound, west of Whitecourt Highway 43 is the main Alberta highway stretching from the Yellowhead just directly west of Edmonton to the Alberta/British Columbia provincial border via Grande Prairie. ... The Peace River Country (or Peace Country) is prairie land around the Peace River. ... 63 Highway 63 is the main highway from a point on Highway 28 about 6 km (4 miles) southwest of the hamlet of Radway to Fort McMurray and further north to Fort Mackay, both of which are part of the Regional Municipality of Wood Buffalo. ... Tar sands in Alberta The Athabasca Tar Sands is a large deposit of tar sands in north-western Canada located mainly in the province of Alberta and, to a much lesser degree Saskatchewan. ... Highway 22 is a highway in Alberta, Canada. ... 21 Highway 21 is a major north-south highway in the Canadian province of Alberta. ...


Alberta has two main east-west corridors. The southern corridor, part of the Trans-Canada Highway system, enters the province near Medicine Hat, runs westward through Calgary, and leaves Alberta through Banff National Park. The northern corridor, also part of the Trans-Canada network but known alternatively as the Yellowhead Highway (Highway 16), runs west from Lloydminster in eastern Alberta, through Edmonton and Jasper National Park into British Columbia. One of the most scenic drives is along the Icefields Parkway, which runs for 228 km between Jasper and Lake Louise, with mountain ranges and glaciers on either side of its entire length. For the Boards of Canada record, see Trans Canada Highway (EP). ... Moraine Lake, and the Valley of the Ten Peaks Banff National Park is Canadas oldest national park, established in 1885, in the Canadian Rockies. ... The Yellowhead Highway is a major east-west highway connecting the four western Canadian provinces of British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba. ... The Yellowhead Highway is a major east-west highway connecting the four western Canadian provinces of British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba. ... Jasper National Park is the largest national park in the Canadian Rockies, spanning 10,878 km² (4200 mi²). It is located in the province of Alberta, to the north of Banff National Park and west of the city of Edmonton. ... Motto: Splendor sine occasu (Latin: Splendour without diminishment) Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Official languages English (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor Steven Point Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 36 Senate seats 6 Confederation July 20, 1871 (6th province) Area  Ranked 5th Total 944... 93 Athabasca Glacier on the Columbia Icefield. ...

Current Alberta licence plate

Another major corridor through central Alberta is Highway 11 (also known as the David Thompson Highway), which runs west from the Saskatchewan River Crossing in Banff National Park through Rocky Mountain House and Red Deer, connecting with Highway 12 20 km west of Stettler. The highway connects many of the smaller towns in central Alberta with Calgary and Edmonton, as it crosses Highway 2 just west of Red Deer. Highway 11 is a major highway in central Alberta. ... There are several men named David Thompson: David Thompson (explorer, early American settler) (c1592-1628), first European settler of New Hampshire David Thompson (explorer) (1770-1857), Canadian explorer David Thompson (politician) (1836-1886), former member of the Canadian House of Commons David Thompson (basketball) (b. ... Saskatchewan River Crossing in Alberta Saskatchewan River Crossing is a place name in western Alberta, Canada. ... // General Information Rocky Mountain House is a town of 6 584 people in west central Alberta, Canada at the confluence of the Clearwater River and the North Saskatchewan Rivers. ... This article is about the species of deer. ... 12 Highway 12 is an East-West highway through central Alberta. ... Stettler can mean the following: Stettler, Alberta, Canada Stettler County No. ...


Urban stretches of Alberta's major highways and freeways are often called trails. For example, Highway 2, the main north-south highway in the province, is called Deerfoot Trail as it passes through Calgary but becomes Calgary Trail as it enters Edmonton and then turns into Saint Albert Trail as it leaves Edmonton for the city of St. Albert. Calgary, in particular, has a tradition of calling its largest urban expressways trails and naming many of them after prominent first nations individuals and tribes, such as Crowchild Trail, Deerfoot Trail, and Stoney Trail. For specific systems, such as the Autobahns of Germany, see list of highway systems with full control of access and no cross traffic. ... Deerfoot Trail is a freeway section of Alberta provincial highway 2 in Calgary, Alberta, Canada. ... St. ... A typical expressway in Santa Clara County, California. ... First Nations is a term of ethnicity that refers to the indigenous peoples in what is now Canada who are neither Inuit nor Métis people. ... Crowchild Trail is a major thoroughfare located on the west side of Calgary, Alberta, Canada. ... 201 Highway 201 is a highway in the province of Alberta. ...

See also: List of Alberta provincial highways

Edmonton, Calgary, Red Deer, Medicine Hat, and Lethbridge have substantial public transit systems. In addition to buses, Edmonton and Calgary operate light rail transit (LRT) systems. Edmonton LRT, which is underground in the downtown core and on the surface outside of it, was the first of the modern generation of light rail systems to be built in North America, while the Calgary C-Train, although it operates almost entirely on the surface, has the highest ridership of any LRT system in North America. This is a list of Albertas primary and secondary highways: Primary highways These are the main highways in Alberta. ... A taxi serving as a bus Public transport comprises all transport systems in which the passengers do not travel in their own vehicles. ... A train of Light Rail, KCRC, Hong Kong. ... An Edmonton LRT train at Health Sciences Station. ... Calgary Transit recently introduced new SD-160 vehicles to complement the aging original trains. ...


Alberta is well-connected by air, with international airports at both Edmonton and Calgary. Calgary International Airport and Edmonton International Airport are the fourth and fifth busiest in Canada respectively. Calgary's airport is a hub for WestJet Airlines and a regional hub for Air Canada. Calgary's airport primarily serves the Canadian prairie provinces (Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba) for connecting flights to British Columbia, eastern Canada, 15 major US centres, nine European airports, and four destinations in Mexico and the Caribbean.[25] Edmonton's airport acts as a hub for the Canadian north and has connections to all major Canadian airports as well as 10 major US airports, 3 European airports and 6 Mexican and Caribbean airports. An International airport is an airport where flights from other countries land and/or take off. ... Calgary International Airport, (IATA: YYC, ICAO: CYYC), is the main airport that serves Calgary, Alberta, Canada and the surrounding region; It is located 17 km from the downtown core. ... Edmonton International Airport (IATA: YEG, ICAO: CYEG) is the primary air passenger and air cargo facility in Edmonton, Alberta as well as a major hub facility for Northern Alberta and Northern Canada. ... Canadas busiest airport by aircraft movements and number of passengers served is Toronto Pearson International Airport, which is also the only Canadian airport ranked in the top 30 airports in the world (by number of passengers). ... A WestJet Boeing 737-700 WestJet Airlines Ltd. ... Air Canada (TSX: AC.A, TSX: AC.B) is Canadas largest airline and flag carrier. ... West Indies redirects here. ...

See also: List of airports in Alberta

There are over 9,000 km of operating mainline railway, and many tourists see Alberta aboard Via Rail or Rocky Mountain Railtours. The Canadian Pacific Railway and Canadian National Railway companies operate railway freight across the province. This is a complete list of airports, water aerodromes and heliports in the Canadian province of Alberta. ... VIA Rails trains travelling by Highway 401 near Brockville, Ontario. ... An eastbound CPR freight at Stoney Creek Bridge in Rogers Pass. ... The Canadian National Railway (CN; AAR reporting marks CN, CNA, CNIS) is a Canadian Class I railway operated by the Canadian National Railway Company headquartered in Montreal, Quebec. ... Freight is a term used to classify the transportation of cargo and is typically a commercial process. ...


Health care in Alberta is divided into nine health regions: Aspen Regional Health Authority: Calgary Health Region, Capital Health (Edmonton), Chinook Health, David Thompson Regional Health Authority, East Central Health, Northern Lights Health Region, Palliser Health Region and Peace Country Health Region. A physician visiting the sick in a hospital. ... Health regions of Canada are used to administer public health to Canadians. ... Aspen Regional Health Authority is the governing body for healthcare regulation in an area of the Canadian province of Alberta. ... Calgary Health Region is the governing body for healthcare regulation in an area of the Canadian province of Alberta. ... Capital Health is the governing body for healthcare regulation in an area of the Canadian province of Alberta. ... Chinook Health administers public health services in southwestern Alberta. ... David Thompson Regional Health Authority is the governing body for healthcare regulation in an area of the Canadian province of Alberta. ... East Central Health is the governing body for healthcare regulation in an area of the Canadian province of Alberta. ... Northern Lights Health Region is the governing body for healthcare regulation in an area of the Canadian province of Alberta. ... Palliser Health Region is the governing body for healthcare regulation in an area of the Canadian province of Alberta. ... Peace Country Health Region is the governing body for healthcare regulation in an area of the Canadian province of Alberta. ...


Government

The government of Alberta is organized as a parliamentary democracy with a unicameral legislature. Its unicameral legislature—the Legislative Assembly—consists of eighty-three members. Albertas first Legislature, Edmonton, 1906 The politics of Alberta are centred on a provincial government resembling that of the other Canadian provinces. ... Canada is a constitutional monarchy with Queen Elizabeth II as the reigning monarch since February 6, 1952. ... A parliamentarian is a specialist in parliamentary procedure. ... Unicameralism is the practice of having only one legislative or parliamentary chamber. ... The Legislative Assembly of Alberta meets in the provincial capital, Edmonton. ...


Locally municipal governments and school boards are elected and operate separately. Their boundaries do not necessarily coincide. Municipalities where the same body act as both local government and school board are formally referred to as "counties" in Alberta.


As Canada's head of state, Queen Elizabeth II, is the head of state for the Government of Alberta. Her duties in Alberta are carried out by Lieutenant Governor Norman Kwong. Although the lieutenant governor is technically the most powerful person in Alberta, he is in reality a figurehead whose actions are restricted by custom and constitutional convention. The government is therefore headed by the premier. The current premier is Ed Stelmach who was elected as leader of the governing Progressive Conservatives on December 2, 2006. Stelmach was sworn in as the 13th Premier of Alberta on December 15, 2006. For the comedy film of the same name, see Head of State (film). ... Elizabeth II in an official portrait as Queen of Canada (on the occasion of her Golden Jubilee in 2002, wearing the Sovereigns badges of the Order of Canada and the Order of Military Merit) Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary) (born 21 April 1926), styled HM The... Forecastle with figurehead Grand Turk Figurehead is a carved wooden decoration, often female or bestiary, found at the prow of ships of the 16th to the 19th century. ... A constitutional convention is an informal and uncodified procedural agreement that is followed by the institutions of a state. ... Categories: Canada-related stubs | Alberta premiers ... is the 336th day of the year (337th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Categories: Canada-related stubs | Alberta premiers ... is the 349th day of the year (350th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Alberta's Legislative Building in Edmonton.

The Premier is a Member of the Legislative Assembly, and he draws all the members of his Cabinet from among the members of the Legislative Assembly. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2048x1360, 406 KB) Licensing GPL File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2048x1360, 406 KB) Licensing GPL File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...


The City of Edmonton is the seat of the provincial government—the capital of Alberta.


Alberta's elections tend to yield results which are much more conservative than those of other Canadian provinces. Alberta has traditionally had three political parties, the Progressive Conservatives ("Conservatives" or "Tories"), the Liberals, and the social democratic New Democrats. A fourth party, the strongly conservative Social Credit Party, was a power in Alberta for many decades, but fell from the political map after the Progressive Conservatives came to power in 1971. Since that time, no other political party has governed Alberta. In fact, only four parties have governed Alberta: the Liberals, from 1905 to 1921; the United Farmers of Alberta, from 1921 to 1935; the Social Credit Party, from 1935 to 1971, and the currently governing Progressive Conservative Party, from 1971 to the present. The Alberta Liberal Party is a political party in Alberta, Canada. ... The Alberta New Democratic Party or Alberta NDP is a social democratic political party in Alberta, Canada, that was founded as the Alberta section of the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (CCF). ... The Social Credit Party of Alberta is a provincial political party in Alberta, Canada, that was founded on the social credit monetary policy and conservative Christian social values. ... The United Farmers of Alberta was founded in 1909 as a lobby organization representing the interests of farmers. ...


Alberta has had occasional surges in separatist sentiment. Even during the 1980s, when these feelings were at their strongest, there has never been enough interest in secession to initiate any major movements or referendums. There are several groups wishing to promote the independence of Alberta in some form currently active in the province. Alberta separatism is a fringe movement that advocates the secession of the province of Alberta from Canada either by forming an independent nation or by creating a new federation with one or more of Canadas other four westernmost provinces. ...


In the 2008 provincial election, held on March 3, 2008, the Progressive Conservative Party was re-elected as a majority government with 72 of 83 seats, the Alberta Liberal Party was elected as the Official Opposition with nine members, and the Alberta New Democratic Party elected two members.[26] is the 62nd day of the year (63rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... The Alberta Liberal Party is a political party in Alberta, Canada. ... The Alberta New Democratic Party or Alberta NDP is a social democratic political party in Alberta, Canada, that was founded as the Alberta section of the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (CCF). ...

See also: List of Alberta Premiers and List of Alberta general elections

This is a list of the premier of the province of Alberta, Canada, since its creation in 1905. ... Alberta is a province of Canada. ...

Municipalities

Largest municipalities and metro areas by population
Census Metropolitan Areas: 2006 2001 1996
Calgary CMA 1,079,310 951,395 821,628
Edmonton CMA 1,034,945 937,845 862,597
Cities (10 Largest):
Calgary 1,019,942 878,866 768,082
Edmonton 730,372 666,104 616,306
Red Deer 82,772 67,707 60,080
Lethbridge 74,637 67,374 63,053
St. Albert (included in Edmonton CMA) 57,719 53,081 46,888
Medicine Hat 56,997 51,249 46,783
Grande Prairie 47,076 36,983 31,353
Airdrie (included in Calgary CMA) 28,927 20,382 15,946
Spruce Grove (included in Edmonton CMA) 19,496 15,983 14,271
Leduc (included in Edmonton CMA) 16,967 15,032 14,346
Districts (3 Largest):
Strathcona County (included in Edmonton CMA) 82,511 71,986 64,176
Regional Municipality of Wood Buffalo 51,496 42,581 35,213
Municipality of Rocky View (included in Calgary CMA) 34,171 29,925 23,326

For other uses, see Airdrie. ... Nickname: Location of Brooks in Alberta Coordinates: , Country Province Region Southern Alberta Census division 2 Incorporated 1910 (village)   1911 (town)   2005 (city) Government [1]  - Mayor Don Weisbeck  - Governing body Brooks City Council  - MP Monte Solberg (Cons - Medicine Hat)  - MLA Lyle Oberg (PC - Strathmore-Brooks) Area [2]  - City 17. ... This article is about the Canadian city. ... Location of Camrose in Alberta Coordinates: , Country Province Region Central Alberta Census division 10 Incorporated Village: 1905   Town: 1906   City:1955 Government [2]  - Mayor Clarence Mastel  - Governing body Camrose City Council  - MP Kevin Sorenson (Cons - Crowfoot)  - MLAs LeRoy Johnson (PC - Wetaskiwin-Camrose) Area  - Total 31. ... Location of Cold Lake in Alberta Coordinates: , Country  Canada Province Alberta Region Central Alberta Census division 12 Incorporated Town: 1996   City: 2000 Government  - Mayor Allan Buck  - Manager Ron McCullough  - Governing body Cold Lake City Council  - MP Brian Storseth  - MLA Denis Ducharme Area  - City 30. ... For other uses, see Edmonton (disambiguation). ... Fort Saskatchewan is a tiny city just northeast of Edmonton, Alberta, Canada; population roughly 13,000. ... Grande Prairie redirects here. ... Location of Leduc in Alberta Coordinates: , Country Province Region Edmonton Capital Region Census division 11 Established Village: 15 Dec 1899 Incorporated Town: 15 Dec 1906   City: 01 Sep 1983 Government [1]  - Mayor Greg Krishke  - Governing body Leduc City Council  - MP James Rajotte  - MLA George Rogers Area  - City 36. ... Lethbridge is a city in the province of Alberta, Canada. ... Lloydminster is a Canadian city which has the unusual geographic distinction of straddling a provincial border. ... Nickname: Location of Medicine Hat in Alberta Coordinates: , Country Province Region Southern Alberta Census division 1 Settled 1883 Incorporated October 31, 1898 (town) Incorporated May 9, 1906 (city) Government  - Mayor Normand Boucher  - Governing body Medicine Hat City Council  - MP Monte Solberg –(Cons - Medicine Hat)  - MLAs Rob Renner –(PC - Medicine Hat... For other uses, see Red Deer. ... Spruce Grove is a western suburb of Edmonton, Alberta. ... St. ... Location of Wetaskiwin in Alberta Coordinates: , Country  Canada Province  Alberta Region Central Alberta Census division 11 Founded 1892 Incorporated 1900 (Village)   1902 (Town) 1906 (City) Government [1]  - Mayor Don Montgomery  - Governing body Wetaskiwin City Council  - MP Blaine Calkins  - MLA Leeroy Jenkins Area  - City 16. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (524x700, 62 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Fort McMurray, Alberta Bragg Creek, Alberta Hinton, Alberta Athabasca, Alberta Edson, Alberta Peace River, Alberta High Level, Alberta... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 348 pixelsFull resolution (3752 × 1631 pixels, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 348 pixelsFull resolution (3752 × 1631 pixels, file size: 2. ... Calgary is a city in the province of Alberta, Canada. ... Download high resolution version (1000x533, 696 KB)Edmonton, Alberta Ø2005 DWindrim File links The following pages link to this file: Edmonton, Alberta Image:DWEdmonton1. ... Download high resolution version (1000x533, 696 KB)Edmonton, Alberta Ø2005 DWindrim File links The following pages link to this file: Edmonton, Alberta Image:DWEdmonton1. ... Edmonton is the capital of the Canadian province of Alberta, situated in the north central region of the province, an area with some of the most fertile farm land on the prairies. ... A census metropolitan area, or CMA is a Canadian census subdivision comprising a large urban area (known as the urban core) and adjacent areas (known as urban and rural fringes) that have a high degree of social and economic integration with the urban core. ... Northern Alberta Southern Alberta Central Alberta The Calgary Region is the metropolitan area based around Calgary, Alberta. ... The Edmonton Capital Region (ECR), also known as Greater Edmonton or the Alberta Capital Region, comprises Albertas provincial capital of Edmonton and surrounding communities in Sturgeon County(north), Parkland County (west), Specialized Municipality of Strathcona County (east) and Leduc County (south). ... This article is about the Canadian city. ... For other uses, see Edmonton (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Red Deer. ... Lethbridge is a city in the province of Alberta, Canada. ... Location of St. ... Nickname: Location of Medicine Hat in Alberta Coordinates: , Country Province Region Southern Alberta Census division 1 Settled 1883 Incorporated October 31, 1898 (town) Incorporated May 9, 1906 (city) Government  - Mayor Normand Boucher  - Governing body Medicine Hat City Council  - MP Monte Solberg –(Cons - Medicine Hat)  - MLAs Rob Renner –(PC - Medicine Hat... Grande Prairie redirects here. ... For other uses, see Airdrie. ... Spruce Grove is a western suburb of Edmonton, Alberta. ... Location of Leduc in Alberta Coordinates: , Country Province Region Edmonton Capital Region Census division 11 Established Village: 15 Dec 1899 Incorporated Town: 15 Dec 1906   City: 01 Sep 1983 Government [1]  - Mayor Greg Krishke  - Governing body Leduc City Council  - MP James Rajotte  - MLA George Rogers Area  - City 36. ... Strathcona County is a Specialized municipality in central Alberta, Canada between Edmonton and Elk Island National Park. ... The regional municipality of Wood Buffalo is located in the northeastern corner of Alberta. ... The Municipal District of Rocky View #44 is a mostly-rural municipality located close to the city of Calgary, Alberta. ...

Education

Main article: Education in Alberta

As with any Canadian province, the Alberta Legislature has (almost) exclusive authority to make laws respecting education. Since 1905 the Legislature has used this capacity to continue the model of locally elected public and separate school boards which originated prior to 1905, as well as to create and/or regulate universities, colleges, technical institutions and other educational forms and institutions (public charter schools, private schools, home schooling). As with any Canadian province, the Alberta Legislature has (almost) exclusive authority to make laws respecting education. ...

Heritage Hall at SAIT Polytechnic.
Heritage Hall at SAIT Polytechnic.

Southern Alberta Institute of Technology, or SAIT (say-t) as its referred to locally, is located in Calgary, Alberta, Canada. ...

Elementary schools

There are forty-two public school jurisdictions in Alberta, and seventeen operating separate school jurisdictions. Sixteen of the operating separate school jurisdictions have a Roman Catholic electorate, and one (St. Albert) has a Protestant electorate. In addition, one Protestant separate school district, Glen Avon, survives as a ward of the St. Paul Education Region. The City of Lloydminster straddles the Alberta/Saskatchewan border, and both the public and separate school systems in that city are counted in the above numbers: both of them operate according to Saskatchewan law. Catholic Church redirects here. ... Location of St. ... Topics in Christianity Preaching Prayer Ecumenism Relation to other religions Movements Music Liturgy Calendar Symbols Art Criticism Christianity Portal This box:      Protestantism encompasses the forms of Christian faith and practice that originated with the doctrines of the Reformation. ...


For many years the provincial government has funded the greater part of the cost of providing K–12 education. Prior to 1994 public and separate school boards in Alberta had the legislative authority to levy a local tax on property, as supplementary support for local education. In 1994 the government of the province eliminated this right for public school boards, but not for separate school boards. Since 1994 there has continued to be a tax on property in support of K–12 education; the difference is that the mill rate is now set by the provincial government, the money is collected by the local municipal authority and remitted to the provincial government. The relevant legislation requires that all the money raised by this property tax must go to the support of K–12 education provided by school boards. The provincial government pools the property tax funds from across the province and distributes them, according to a formula, to public and separate school jurisdictions and Francophone authorities. Albertas first Legislature, Edmonton, 1906 The government of Alberta is carried out by a provincial government resembling that of the other Canadian provinces. ...


Public and separate school boards, charter schools, and private schools all follow the Program of Studies and the curriculum approved by the provincial department of education (Alberta Education). Home schoolers may choose to follow the Program of Studies or develop their own Program of Studies. Public and separate schools, charter schools, and approved private schools all employ teachers who are certificated by Alberta Education, they administer Provincial Achievement Tests and Diploma Examinations set by Alberta Education, and they may grant high school graduation certificates endorsed by Alberta Education. The term public school has three distinct meanings: In the USA and Canada, elementary or secondary school supported and administered by state and local officials. ... Charter schools are publicly funded elementary or secondary schools in the United States that have been freed from some of the rules, regulations, and statutes that apply to other public schools in exchange for some type of accountability for producing certain results, which are set forth in each schools... For the film of this title, see Private School (film). ...


Universities

Alberta's oldest and largest university is Edmonton's University of Alberta. The University of Calgary, once affiliated with the University of Alberta, gained its autonomy in 1966 and is now the second largest university in Alberta. There is also Athabasca University, which focuses on distance learning, and the University of Lethbridge. There are 15 colleges that receive direct public funding, along with two technical institutes, Northern Alberta Institute of Technology and Southern Alberta Institute of Technology.[27] There is also a large and active private sector of post-secondary institutions, including DeVry University. Students may also receive government loans and grants while attending selected private institutions. There has been some controversy in recent years over the rising cost of post-secondary education for students (as opposed to taxpayers). In 2005, Premier Ralph Klein made a promise that he would freeze tuition and look into ways of reducing schooling costs.[28] So far, no plan has been released by the government of Alberta. The University of Alberta (U of A) is a public research university located in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. ... Arch marking south entrance to campus during the winter. ... Athabasca University, headquartered in Athabasca, Alberta, is a fully accredited institution specialized in the delivery of distance education courses and programs. ... The University of Lethbridge (also known as U of L) is a public university in Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada. ... The Northern Alberta Institute of Technology (NAIT) is located in Edmonton, Alberta. ... Southern Alberta Institute of Technology, or SAIT (say-t) as its referred to locally, is located in Calgary, Alberta, Canada. ... DeVry University and DeVry Institute of Technology are divisions of Devry Inc. ...


Culture

Main article: Culture of Alberta

Summer brings many festivals to the province of Alberta. The Edmonton Fringe Festival is the world's second largest after Edinburgh's. The Folk music festivals in both Calgary and Edmonton are two of Canada's largest and both cities host a number of annual multicultural events. With a large number of summer and winter events, Edmonton prides itself as being the "Festival City". The city's "heritage days" festival sees the participation of over 70 national groups. Calgary is also home to Carifest, the second largest Caribbean festival in the nation (after Caribana in Toronto). The city is also famous for its Calgary Stampede, dubbed "The Greatest Outdoor Show on Earth." The Stampede is Canada's biggest rodeo festival and features various races and competitions, such as calf roping and bull riding. These events highlight the province's cultural diversity and love of entertainment. Most of the major cities have several performing theatre companies who entertain in venues as diverse as Edmonton's Arts Barns and the Francis Winspear Centre for Music. Image File history File links StampedeRodeo2002. ... Image File history File links StampedeRodeo2002. ... Rider at the Stampede Rodeo Statue at Stampede Grounds, with the Calgary Tower in the background Stampede grounds The Calgary Stampede, which bills itself as The Greatest Outdoor Show on Earth, is a large, non-profit festival, exhibition, and rodeo held in Calgary, Alberta for 10 days in the second... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Edmonton Fringe Festival is an annual event held every August in Edmonton, Alberta in Canada. ... For other uses, see Edinburgh (disambiguation). ... The Edmonton Heritage Festival is an annual celebration of Albertas ethnic diversity. ... Caribana is a festival of Caribbean culture and traditions held each summer in the city of Toronto in Ontario, Canada. ... Rider at the Stampede Rodeo Statue at Stampede Grounds, with the Calgary Tower in the background Stampede grounds The Calgary Stampede, which bills itself as The Greatest Outdoor Show on Earth, is a large, non-profit festival, exhibition, and rodeo held in Calgary, Alberta for 10 days in the second... Calf roping is a rodeo event that features a calf and a mounted cowboy. ... Bull Riding in Del Rio, Texas Bull riding is a rodeo sport that involves a rider getting on a large male bovine, and attempting to stay mounted for at least 8 seconds. ... The Winspear Centre, Edmonton, Alberta The Francis Winspear Centre for Music in Edmonton, Alberta was built in 1997. ...

See also: Festivals in Alberta

Both cities are home to Canadian Football League and National Hockey League teams. Soccer, rugby union and lacrosse are also played professionally in Alberta. The following is a list of annual festivals in the province of Alberta, Canada // This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it. ... Lions Stampeders Eskimos Roughriders Blue Bombers Tiger-Cats Argonauts Alouettes The Canadian Football League (CFL) (Ligue canadienne de football (LCF) in French), is a professional sports league located in Canada that plays Canadian football. ... NHL redirects here. ... “Soccer” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Rugby (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Lacrosse (disambiguation). ...


Ecology

Flora

In central and northern Alberta the arrival of spring brings the prairie crocus anemone, the three flowered avens, golden bean, and other early flowers. The advancing summer introduces many flowers of the sunflower family, until in August the plains are one blaze of yellow and purple. The southern and east central parts of Alberta are covered by a short, nutritious grass, which dries up as summer lengthens, to be replaced by hardy perennials such as the prairie coneflower, fleabane, and sage. Both yellow and white sweet clover fill the ditches with their beauty and aromatic scents. The trees in the parkland region of the province grow in clumps and belts on the hillsides. These are largely deciduous, typically aspen, poplar, and willow. Many species of willow and other shrubs grow in virtually any terrain. On the north side of the North Saskatchewan River evergreen forests prevail for hundreds of thousands of square kilometres. Aspen poplar, balsam poplar (or cottonwood), and paper birch are the primary large deciduous species. Conifers include Jack pine, Rocky Mountain pine, Lodgepole pine, both white and black spruce, and the deciduous conifer tamarack. Species see text Anemone (Anemone) (from the Gr. ... Binomial name (Nutt. ... For other uses, see Sunflower (disambiguation). ... Species see text Fleabanes, sometimes known as Summer Starworts, are members of the genus Erigeron L., in the sunflower family (Asteraceae). ... Binomial name Artemisia tridentata Nutt. ... Melilot, also known as Sweet Clover, Melilotus officinalis of the family Papilionaceae is a common grassland plant and as a weed of cultivated ground. ... For other uses, see Deciduous (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Aspen (disambiguation). ... This article is about woody plants of the genus Populus. ... Species About 350, including: Salix acutifolia - Violet Willow Salix alaxensis - Alaska Willow Salix alba - White Willow Salix alpina - Alpine Willow Salix amygdaloides - Peachleaf Willow Salix arbuscula - Mountain Willow Salix arbusculoides - Littletree Willow Salix arctica - Arctic Willow Salix atrocinerea Salix aurita - Eared Willow Salix babylonica - Peking Willow Salix bakko Salix barrattiana... For other uses, see Aspen (disambiguation). ... Species Populus angustifolia Torr. ... Species Populus deltoides L. Populus fremontii [[]] Populus nigra L. This article is about the poplar species. ... Binomial name Betula papyrifera Marsh. ... Orders & Families Cordaitales † Pinales   Pinaceae - Pine family   Araucariaceae - Araucaria family   Podocarpaceae - Yellow-wood family   Sciadopityaceae - Umbrella-pine family   Cupressaceae - Cypress family   Cephalotaxaceae - Plum-yew family   Taxaceae - Yew family Vojnovskyales † Voltziales † The conifers, division Pinophyta, are one of 13 or 14 division level taxa within the Kingdom Plantae. ... Binomial name Pinus banksiana Lamb. ... Binomial name Pinus contorta Douglas Lodgepole Pine (Pinus contorta) is a common tree in western North America. ... Species About 35; see text. ... Tamarack may be a reference to: Tamarack Larch, a plant native to North America Lodgepole pine, also known as the Tamarack pine Tamarack (band), a Canadian folk music group Tamarack Review, a Canadian literary magazine Tamarack Camps, an American summer camp in Ortonville, Michigan, USA Tamarack Flat, an American campground...


Fauna

The three climatic regions (alpine, forest, and prairie) of Alberta are home to many different species of animals. The south and central prairie was the land of the bison, its grasses providing a great pasture and breeding ground for millions of buffalo. The buffalo population was decimated during early settlement, but since then buffalo have made a strong comeback and thrive on farms and in parks all over Alberta. For the climate of the mountains named the Alps, see climate) for a region above the tree-line. ...

The Bighorn Sheep is Alberta's provincial animal
The Bighorn Sheep is Alberta's provincial animal

Alberta is home to many large carnivores. Among them are the grizzly and black bears, which are found in the mountains and wooded regions. Smaller carnivores of the canine and feline families include coyotes, wolves, fox, lynx, bobcat and mountain lion (cougar). Image File history File links Ovis_canadensis_2. ... Image File history File links Ovis_canadensis_2. ... Binomial name Shaw, 1804 Synonyms Desmarest Cuvier[1] Bighorn Sheep (Ovis canadensis)[2] is one of three species of mountain sheep in North America and Siberia; the other two species being Ovis dalli, that includes Dall Sheep and Stones Sheep, and the Siberian Snow sheep Ovis nivicola. ... Carnivorism redirects here. ... For the Brooklyn-based indie rock band, see Grizzly Bear (band). ... Binomial name Pallas, 1780 Synonyms Euarctos americanus The American Black Bear (Ursus americanus) is the most common bear species native to North America. ... Genera Alopex Atelocynus Canis Cerdocyon Chrysocyon Cuon Cynotherium † Dusicyon † Dasycyon † Fennecus (Part of Vulpes) Lycalopex (Part of Pseudalopex) Lycaon Nyctereutes Otocyon Pseudalopex Speothos Urocyon Vulpes The Canidae (′kanə′dē, IPA: ) family is a part of the order Carnivora within the mammals (Class Mammalia). ... Feline can refer to: Felidae - the cat family, which includes lions, tigers and panthers. ... For other uses, see Coyote (disambiguation). ... Wolf Wolf Man Mount Wolf Wolf Prizes Wolf Spider Wolf 424 Wolf 359 Wolf Point Wolf-herring Frank Wolf Friedrich Wolf Friedrich August Wolf Hugo Wolf Johannes Wolf Julius Wolf Max Franz Joseph Cornelius Wolf Maximilian Wolf Rudolf Wolf Thomas Wolf As Name Wolf Breidenbach Wolf Hirshorn Other The call... This article is about the animal. ... For other uses, see Lynx (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Bobcat (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Puma concolor (Linnaeus, 1771) The puma (Puma concolor) is a type of large cat found in North, Central and South America. ...


Herbivorous animals are found throughout the province. Moose, mule deer, and white-tail deer are found in the wooded regions, and pronghorn can be found in the prairies of southern Alberta. Bighorn sheep and mountain goats live in the Rocky Mountains. Rabbits, porcupines, skunks, squirrels and many species of rodents and reptiles live in every corner of the province. Alberta is home to only one variety of venomous snake, the prairie rattlesnake. In zoology, an herbivore is an animal that is adapted to eat primarily plants (rather than meat). ... For other uses, see Moose (disambiguation). ... Binomial name (Rafinesque, 1817) The mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) is a deer whose habitat is in the western half of North America. ... Binomial name Odocoileus virginianus Zimmermann, 1780 The White-tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus), also known as the Virginia Deer, is a medium sized deer found throughout the 48 contiguous states of the United States, southern Canada and as far south as Panama. ... Binomial name Antilocapra americana Ord, 1815 Subspecies The Pronghorn (Antilocapra americana) is the only surviving member of the family Antilocapridae, and the fastest mammal in North America running at speeds of 58 mph (90 km/h). ... Binomial name Shaw, 1804 Synonyms Desmarest Cuvier[1] Bighorn Sheep (Ovis canadensis)[2] is one of three species of mountain sheep in North America and Siberia; the other two species being Ovis dalli, that includes Dall Sheep and Stones Sheep, and the Siberian Snow sheep Ovis nivicola. ... Rocky Mountain Goat and Mountain Goats redirect here. ... For other uses, see Rabbit (disambiguation). ... This article is about the rodent mammal. ... Polecat redirects here. ... This article is about the animal. ... A venomous snake is a snake that uses modified saliva, venom, delivered through fangs in its mouth, to immobilize or kill its prey. ... Species 27 species; see list of rattlesnake species and subspecies. ...


Central and northern Alberta and the region farther north is the nesting ground of many migratory birds. Vast numbers of ducks, geese, swans and pelicans arrive in Alberta every spring and nest on or near one of the hundreds of small lakes that dot northern Alberta. Eagles, hawks, owls and crows are plentiful, and a huge variety of smaller seed and insect-eating birds can be found. Alberta, like other temperate regions, is home to mosquitoes, flies, wasps, and bees. Rivers and lakes are well stocked with pike, walleye, whitefish, rainbow, speckled, and brown trout, and even sturgeon. Turtles are found in some water bodies in the southern part of the province. Frogs and salamanders are a few of the amphibians that make their homes in Alberta. Subfamilies Dendrocygninae Oxyurinae Anatinae Aythyinae Merginae Duck is the common name for a number of species in the Anatidae family of birds. ... Geese redirects here. ... For other uses, see Swan (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Pelican (disambiguation). ... Genera Several, see text. ... For other uses, see Hawk (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Owl (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Crow (disambiguation). ... For the usage in virology, see temperate (virology). ... For other uses, see Mosquito (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Fly (disambiguation) and Flies (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Wasp (disambiguation). ... Species  E. americanus –       grass and redfin pickerels  E. lucius – northern pike  E. masquinongy – muskellunge  E. niger – chain pickerel   – Amur pike Esox Linnaeus, 1758, is a genus of freshwater fish, the only member of the pike family (family Esocidae) of order Esociformes. ... Binomial name (Mitchill, 1818) Subspecies S. v. ... Whitefish (or white fish) has several meanings: It is a fisheries term referring to the flesh of many types of fish; see Whitefish (fisheries term) It refers precisely to the whitefishes of the salmonid genus Coregonus It can refer specifically to the common whitefish (Coregonus lavaretus) It was formerly used... It has been suggested that Steelhead be merged into this article or section. ... This article is about the species of fish. ... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1758 Morphs Salmo trutta morpha trutta Salmo trutta morpha fario Salmo trutta morpha lacustris The brown trout (Salmo trutta morpha fario and morpha lacustris) and the sea trout ( morpha trutta) are fish of the same species. ... For other uses, see Trout (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Sturgeon (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Turtle (disambiguation). ... Distribution of frogs (in black) Suborders Archaeobatrachia Mesobatrachia Neobatrachia - List of Anuran families The frogness babe is an amphibian in the order Anura (meaning tail-less from Greek an-, without + oura, tail), formerly referred to as Salientia (Latin saltare, to jump). ... For other uses, see Salamander (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Amphibian (disambiguation). ...


Alberta is the only province in Canada—as well as one of the few places in the world—which is free of Norwegian rats.[29] Since the early 1950s, the government of Alberta has operated a rat-control program which has been so successful that only isolated instances of wild rat sightings are reported, usually of rats arriving in the province aboard trucks or by rail. In 2006, Alberta Agriculture reports zero findings of wild rats; the only rat interceptions have been domesticated rats which have been seized from their owners. It is illegal for individual Albertans to own or keep Norwegian rats of any description; the animals can only be kept in the province by zoos, universities and colleges, and recognized research institutions. Binomial name (Berkenhout, 1769) Brown Rat range The brown rat, common rat, Norway rat, Norwegian rat or wharf rat (Rattus norvegicus) is one of the best-known and common rats, and also one of the largest. ...


See also

Drilling rig in northern Alberta The Alberta Advantage is a phrase coined by the government of the province of Alberta, Canada to describe Albertas prosperous circumstance at the beginning of the 21st century. ... Alberta separatism is a fringe movement that advocates the secession of the province of Alberta from Canada either by forming an independent nation or by creating a new federation with one or more of Canadas other four westernmost provinces. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Statistics Canada. Canada's population estimates 2008-06-25. Retrieved on 2008-06-25.
  2. ^ Statistics Canada Gross domestic product, expenditure-based, by province and territory
  3. ^ Statistics Canada—CMA population estimates
  4. ^ Statistics Canada (February 2005). Land and freshwater area, by province and territory. Retrieved on 2007-03-07.
  5. ^ Dictionary of Canadian Biography. Alexander Mackenzie Biography. Retrieved on 2006-01-05.
  6. ^ StatCan—Alberta population
  7. ^ Alberta Municipal Affairs (2006-05-16). Types of Municipalities in Alberta. Retrieved on December 18, 2006.
  8. ^ a b Population of Alberta—Statistics Canada
  9. ^ Population and dwelling counts (2006 Census)
  10. ^ Detailed Mother Tongue (186), Knowledge of Official Languages (5), Age Groups (17A) and Sex (3) (2006 Census)
  11. ^ Ethnocultural Portrait of Canada (2001 Census)
  12. ^ Selected Religions, for Canada, Provinces and Territories. Canada 2001 Census. Statistics Canada (2001). Retrieved on 2008-04-14.
  13. ^ AM Yisrael—The Jewish Communities of Canada
  14. ^ Statistics Canada (September 2006). The Alberta economic Juggernaut:The boom on the rose. Retrieved on 2007-02-02.
  15. ^ Calgary-Edmonton corridor. Statistics Canada, 2001 Census of Population (2003-01-20). Retrieved on 2007-03-22.
  16. ^ The Fraser Institute (November 2006). Alberta Rated as Best Investment Climate. Retrieved on 2007-03-02.
  17. ^ The Fraser Institute (September 2006). Economic Freedom of North America. 2006 Annual Report. Retrieved on 2007-03-02. ISBN 0-88975-213-3
  18. ^ Government of Alaksa. Alaska and Alberta - An Overview
  19. ^ Canada Oilsands Opportunites
  20. ^ Interactive display system—US Patent U.S. Patent No. 5,448,263; U.S. Patent for Touch Sensitive Technology—SMART Technologies
  21. ^ Alberta Livestock Inspections—August 2006—Alberta Government, Department of Agriculture
  22. ^ Alberta Economic Development. Tourism Statistics
  23. ^ Calgary Stampede highlights
  24. ^ CapitalEX—Fair History
  25. ^ Calgary International Airport
  26. ^ Election results at CTV
  27. ^ Post Secondary Education
  28. ^ University of Alberta—Ralph Klein promises tuition freeze
  29. ^ Alberta Department of Agriculture. The History of Rat Control in Alberta. Retrieved on 2007-01-11.

2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Statistics Canada (French: Statistique Canada) is the Canadian federal government department commissioned with producing statistics to help better understand Canada, its population, resources, economy, society, and culture. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 66th day of the year (67th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 5th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Alberta Municipal Affairs is a ministry of the Executive Council of Alberta. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 136th day of the year (137th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 104th day of the year (105th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Statistics Canada (French: Statistique Canada) is the Canadian federal government department commissioned with producing statistics to help better understand Canada, its population, resources, economy, society, and culture. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Statistics Canada (French: Statistique Canada) is the Canadian federal government department commissioned with producing statistics to help better understand Canada, its population, resources, economy, society, and culture. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 81st day of the year (82nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Fraser Institute is a conservative and libertarian think tank based in Canada. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... -1... The Fraser Institute is a conservative and libertarian think tank based in Canada. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... -1... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 11th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Find more about Alberta on Wikipedia's sister projects:
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Learning resources
  • Government of Alberta website
  • Travel Alberta
  • Alberta Encyclopedia
  • Alberta Government Workforce Solutions
  • Alberta First—Alberta Community Profiles, statistics, facts
  • Alberta Stars—Alberta Community Website, News and Galleries from across the Province
  • CBC Digital Archives—Striking Oil in Alberta
  • CBC Digital Archives—Electing Dynasties: Alberta Campaigns 1935 to 2001
  • CBC Digital Archives—Alberta @ 100


Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links Wikibooks-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiquote-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Image File history File links WikiNews-Logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiversity-logo-Snorky. ...

Coordinates: 55°10′N 114°24′W / 55.167, -114.4 (Alberta) Image File history File links Flag_of_Alberta. ... // Canadian provinces and territories are normally grouped into the following regions (generally from west to east): Northern Canada (The North) Yukon Northwest Territories Nunavut Western Canada British Columbia Prairies Alberta Saskatchewan Manitoba Eastern Canada Central Canada Ontario Quebec Atlantic Canada Maritimes New Brunswick Prince Edward Island Nova Scotia Newfoundland and... NWT SK BC USA 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 Map of Alberta census subdivisions into improvement districts, counties and municipal districts Statistics Canada divides the province of Alberta into nineteen census divisions, each with a municipal... Counties and municipal districts of Alberta are administrative subdivisions of the provinces census divisions. ... List of Alberta school boards: Source: Alberta Education // Public Aspen View Regional Division No. ... Health regions of Canada are used to administer public health to Canadians. ... Communities of the Province of Alberta, Canada are incorporated as towns, cities and villages or unincorporated (hamlets). ... Communities of the Province of Alberta, Canada are incorporated as towns, cities and villages or unincorporated (hamlets). ... Distribution of town and cities in Alberta Towns in Alberta are generally formed from communities with populations of at least 1,000 people. ... Villages in Alberta are incorporated communities with populations between 300 and 1,000 inhabitants. ... A summer village is a form of municipal government used in Alberta, Canada beginning in 1913. ... Hamlets in the province of Alberta, Canada, are unincorporated communities with more then five dwellings. ... First Nations Reserves were established in Alberta by a series of treaties, Treaty 6, Treaty 7, and Treaty 8. ... Métis in Alberta live on Métis Settlements, and in other urban centres. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Mainstreets Alberta List of communities in Alberta List of Alberta Municipal Districts Towns of Alberta Villages of Alberta Hamlets of Alberta List of Alberta Indian reserves Census divisions of Alberta Canadian Ghost Towns. ... Communities of the Province of Alberta, Canada are incorporated as towns, cities and villages or unincorporated (hamlets). ... For other uses, see Airdrie. ... Nickname: Location of Brooks in Alberta Coordinates: , Country Province Region Southern Alberta Census division 2 Incorporated 1910 (village)   1911 (town)   2005 (city) Government [1]  - Mayor Don Weisbeck  - Governing body Brooks City Council  - MP Monte Solberg (Cons - Medicine Hat)  - MLA Lyle Oberg (PC - Strathmore-Brooks) Area [2]  - City 17. ... This article is about the Canadian city. ... Location of Camrose in Alberta Coordinates: , Country Province Region Central Alberta Census division 10 Incorporated Village: 1905   Town: 1906   City:1955 Government [2]  - Mayor Clarence Mastel  - Governing body Camrose City Council  - MP Kevin Sorenson (Cons - Crowfoot)  - MLAs LeRoy Johnson (PC - Wetaskiwin-Camrose) Area  - Total 31. ... Location of Cold Lake in Alberta Coordinates: , Country  Canada Province Alberta Region Central Alberta Census division 12 Incorporated Town: 1996   City: 2000 Government  - Mayor Allan Buck  - Manager Ron McCullough  - Governing body Cold Lake City Council  - MP Brian Storseth  - MLA Denis Ducharme Area  - City 30. ... For other uses, see Edmonton (disambiguation). ... Fort McMurray is a town in the northeastern part of Canadas western province of Alberta, in the Regional Municipality of Wood Buffalo, Alberta. ... Fort Saskatchewan is a tiny city just northeast of Edmonton, Alberta, Canada; population roughly 13,000. ... Grande Prairie redirects here. ... Jasper is a specialized municipality in western Alberta, Canada. ... Location of Leduc in Alberta Coordinates: , Country Province Region Edmonton Capital Region Census division 11 Established Village: 15 Dec 1899 Incorporated Town: 15 Dec 1906   City: 01 Sep 1983 Government [1]  - Mayor Greg Krishke  - Governing body Leduc City Council  - MP James Rajotte  - MLA George Rogers Area  - City 36. ... Lethbridge is a city in the province of Alberta, Canada. ... Lloydminster is a Canadian city which has the unusual geographic distinction of straddling a provincial border. ... Medicine Hat is a city of about 50,000 people located in the southeastern part of the province of Alberta, Canada on the Trans-Canada Highway Number 1 and on the South Saskatchewan River. ... For other uses, see Red Deer. ... Sherwood Park is a hamlet located east of Edmonton, Alberta, Canada in the Specialized Municipality of Strathcona County. ... Spruce Grove is a western suburb of Edmonton, Alberta. ... Location of St. ... Location of Wetaskiwin in Alberta Coordinates: , Country  Canada Province  Alberta Region Central Alberta Census division 11 Founded 1892 Incorporated 1900 (Village)   1902 (Town) 1906 (City) Government [1]  - Mayor Don Montgomery  - Governing body Wetaskiwin City Council  - MP Blaine Calkins  - MLA Leeroy Jenkins Area  - City 16. ... Establishment When missionaries and fur traders arrived from Europe in the eighteenth century Alberta was inhabited by several Aboriginal nations. ... An Alberta fur trader in the 1890s. ... The numbered treaties are a series of eleven treaties signed between First Nations in Canada and Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom, King Edward VII or King George V from 1871 to 1921. ... The Alberta Act, effective September 1, 1905, was an act of the Canadian parliament to establish and provide for the government of the province of Alberta. ... The Canadian petroleum industry arose in parallel with that of the United States, but developed in quite a different way. ... // Canadas petroleum frontiers are of two types. ... Social Credit (often called Socred for short) is an economic ideology and a social movement which started in the early 1920s. ... Frank Slide, Turtle Mountain, Alberta, Canada Head Smashed-In Buffalo Jump Some of the displays inside the Royal Tyrrell Museum. ... Canadas natural gas liquids industry dates back to the discovery of wet natural gas at Turner Valley, Alberta in 1914. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Alberta. ... Albertas first Legislature, Edmonton, 1906 The politics of Alberta are centred on a provincial government resembling that of the other Canadian provinces. ... This article lists political parties in Canada. ... Alberta is a province of Canada. ... Albertas first Legislature, Edmonton, 1906 The government of Alberta is carried out by a provincial government resembling that of the other Canadian provinces. ... This is a list of the lieutenant-governors of Alberta, Canada, since its establishment in 1905. ... The Executive Council of Alberta (commonly known as the cabinet) is made up of members of the Alberta Progressive Conservative Party which holds a majority of seats in the Legislative Assmebly of Alberta. ... This is a list of the premier of the province of Alberta, Canada, since its creation in 1905. ... Categories: Canada-related stubs | Alberta premiers ... The Speaker of the Alberta Legislative Assembly, is the presiding officer in the Legislative Assembly of Alberta. ... The Legislative Assembly of Alberta meets in the provincial capital, Edmonton. ... Alberta provincial electoral districts are currently single member ridings that each elect one member to the Legislative Assembly of Alberta. ... Edmonton Calgary Alberta Centre East Northeast Southeast Southwest West Crowfoot Centre East St. ... Canada is a constitutional monarchy with Queen Elizabeth II as the reigning monarch since February 6, 1952. ... Albertas population has grown steadily for over a century The province of Alberta has enjoyed a relatively high rate of growth in recent years, due in large part to its burgeoning economy. ... Relief of Alberta Mount Andromeda Mount Arethusa View from Lake Louise Cascade Mountain Castle Mountain Mount Columbia Crownest Mountain Mount Edith Cavell Grotto Mountain Heart Mountain Mount John Laurie (Yamnuska) Mount Kitchener Mount Michener Pyramid Mountain Roche a Perdrix Mount Rundle Mount Temple Three Sisters Valley of the Ten Peaks... Dinosaur Provincial Park Dry Island Buffalo Jump Provincial Park Fish Creek Provincial Park Pigeon Lake Provincial Park Kananaskis Country Lakeland Provincial Park Sundance Provincial Park Williamson Provincial Park Writing-on-Stone Provincial Park Writing-on-Stone Provincial Park This is a partial list of provincial parks in Alberta. ... Barrier Lake Glenmore Reservoir Upper and Lower Kananaskis Lakes Lesser Slave Lake Lake Louise Maligne Lake Lake Minnewanka Moraine Lake Peyto Lake Ice fishing on Pidgeon Lake Frozen Pinehurst Lake Vermilion Lakes Waterton Lake Most of Albertas lakes were formed during the last glaciation, about 12,000 years ago. ... Communities of the Province of Alberta, Canada are incorporated as towns, cities and villages or unincorporated (hamlets). ... Counties and municipal districts of Alberta are administrative subdivisions of the provinces census divisions. ... Distribution of town and cities in Alberta Towns in Alberta are generally formed from communities with populations of at least 1,000 people. ... Villages in Alberta are incorporated communities with populations between 300 and 1,000 inhabitants. ... Hamlets in the province of Alberta, Canada, are unincorporated communities with more then five dwellings. ... First Nations Reserves were established in Alberta by a series of treaties, Treaty 6, Treaty 7, and Treaty 8. ... Métis in Alberta live on Métis Settlements, and in other urban centres. ... NWT SK BC USA 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 Map of Alberta census subdivisions into improvement districts, counties and municipal districts Statistics Canada divides the province of Alberta into nineteen census divisions, each with a municipal... The primary industries in Alberta, Canada are energy, lumber, farming and ranching. ... Alberta Treasury Branches, also known as ATB Financial, is a financial institution and crown corporation owned by the Government of Alberta. ... Stephen Avenue, Calgary. ... This is a list of Albertas primary and secondary highways: Primary highways These are the main highways in Alberta. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The following is a list of annual festivals in the province of Alberta, Canada // This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it. ... Tsuu Tina children in traditional costume at a Stampede Parade First Nations in Alberta constitute several dozen nations. ... The Franco-Albertans are an extended community of French Canadians or French-speaking people living in Alberta. ... The Music of Alberta is varied, but country and folk are especially strong. ... Flag of Alberta The flag of Alberta, Canada was adopted on 1 June 1968. ... The Coat of Arms of Alberta, a Province of Canada was granted by Royal Warrant on May 30, 1907 by King Edward VII of the United Kingdom. ... Alberta is the official provincial song of Alberta, Canada. ... Regions Political culture Foreign relations Other countriesAtlas  Politics Portal      Canada is a federation which consists of ten provinces that, with three territories, make up the worlds second largest country in total area. ... Motto: Splendor sine occasu (Latin: Splendour without diminishment) Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Official languages English (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor Steven Point Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 36 Senate seats 6 Confederation July 20, 1871 (6th province) Area  Ranked 5th Total 944... Motto: Gloriosus et Liber (Latin: Glorious and free) Capital Winnipeg Largest city Winnipeg Official languages English French (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor John Harvard Premier Gary Doer (NDP) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 14 Senate seats 6 Confederation July 15, 1870 (5th) Area  Ranked 8th Total 647,797... This article is about the Canadian province. ... This article is about the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. ... Motto: Munit Hae et Altera Vincit (Latin: One defends and the other conquers) Capital Halifax Largest city Halifax Regional Municipality Largest metro Halifax Regional Municipality Official languages English (de facto), French Government Lieutenant-Governor Mayann E. Francis Premier Rodney MacDonald (PC) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 11 Senate... This article is about the Canadian province. ... This article is about the Canadian province. ... This article is about the Canadian province. ... For other uses, see Saskatchewan (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... For the former United States territory, see Northwest Territory. ... For the Canadian federal electoral district, see Nunavut (electoral district). ... This article is about the Canadian territory. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...



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