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Encyclopedia > Albert Wilhelm Heinrich of Prussia
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Heinrich with his wife, Irene
German Royalty
House of Hohenzollern

Wilhelm I
Children
   Prince Friederich
   Princess Louise
Friederich III
Children
   Prince Wilhelm
   Princess Charlotte
   Prince Heinrich
   Prince Sigismund
   Princess Victoria
   Prince Waldemar
   Princess Sophie
   Princess Margarete
Wilhelm II
Children
   Crown Prince Wilhelm
   Prince Eitel Friederich
   Prince Adalbert
   Prince August Wilhelm
   Prince Oskar
   Prince Joachim
   Princess Viktoria Luise

Prince Albert Wilhelm Heinrich of Prussia, known as Prince Heinrich (August 14, 1862 in BerlinApril 20, 1929 in Hemmelmark, Schleswig-Holstein) was a younger brother of Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany. A career naval officer, he held various commands in the Imperial German Navy and eventually rose to the rank of Grand Admiral. The prince is not to be confused with the Prince Heinrich of Prussia who was the brother of King Friedrich II ("the Great"). Image File history File links Albert_&_Irene. ... Image File history File links Albert_&_Irene. ... Aerial view of the castle, Hohenzollern, Germany. ... This image depicts a seal, an emblem, a coat of arms or a crest. ... Jump to: navigation, search Wilhelm I of Germany (In English: William I), (March 22, 1797 – March 9, 1888), German Emperor (Kaiser), ruled January 18, 1871 – 1888 and king of Prussia, ruled 1861–1888. ... Friedrich III of Germany. ... Princess Louise of Prussia (December 3, 1838–April 23, 1923) was the second child and only daughter of Wilhelm I of Germany and Augusta of Saxe-Weimar. ... Friedrich III of Germany. ... Jump to: navigation, search Wilhelm II of Germany (born Friedrich Wilhelm Viktor Albert von Preußen 27 January 1859–4 June 1941), was the last German Emperor (Kaiser) and the last King (König) of Prussia, ruling from 1888 to 1918. ... Victoria Elizabeth Augusta Charlotte, Duchess of Saxe-Meiningen (24 July 1860-1 October 1919) was the second child born to Crown Prince Friedrich of Prussia and Princess Victoria. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... Her Royal Highness Princess Viktoria of Prussia was the daughter of Frederick III of Germany (1831-1888) and his wife, the former Princess Victoria, Princess Royal (1840-1901) daughter of Queen Victoria. ... Prince Waldemar (Joachim Friedrich Ernst Waldemar) (February 10, 1868–March 27, 1879) was the sixth child of Crown Prince Friedrich III (later Emperor Friedrich III), and Victoria, Princess Royal of Great Britain, a daughter of the British Queen Victoria. ... Queen Sophia of Greece (born Princess Sophie of Prussia) (June 14, 1870–January 13, 1932), was queen consort of King Constantine I of Greece. ... Princess Margarete of Prussia (Margarete Beatrice Feodora) (April 22, 1872–January 22, 1954) was the youngest child of Crown Prince Friedrich III (later Emperor Friedrich III), and Victoria, Princess Royal of Great Britain, a daughter of the British Queen Victoria. ... Jump to: navigation, search Wilhelm II of Germany (born Friedrich Wilhelm Viktor Albert von Preußen 27 January 1859–4 June 1941), was the last German Emperor (Kaiser) and the last King (König) of Prussia, ruling from 1888 to 1918. ... Crown Prince Wilhelm Crown Prince Wilhelm of Germany and Prussia (6 May 1882 - 20 July 1951), Friedrich Wilhelm Viktor August Ernst Kronprinz von Preussen, was born 6 May 1882 at Marmorpalais, Potsdam, Germany. ... Prince Eitel Friederich (July 7, 1883–December 8, 1942) was a son of Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany by his first wife, Augusta Viktoria, Duchess of Schleswig-Holstein. ... Prince Adalbert (July 14, 1884–September 22, 1948) was a son of Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany by his first wife, Augusta Viktoria, Duchess of Schleswig-Holstein. ... Prince Augustus Wilhelm (January 29, 1887–March 25, 1949), called Auwi, was the fourth son of Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany by his first wife, Augusta Viktoria, Duchess of Schleswig-Holstein. ... Prince Oskar of Prussia (July 27, 1888–January 27, 1958) was the son of Kaiser Wilhelm II and Augusta Viktoria, Duchess of Schleswig-Holstein. ... Prince Joachim Franz Humbert of Prussia (17 December 1890-18 July 1920) was the youngest son of Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany, by his first wife, Augusta of Schleswig-Holstein-Augustenburg. ... Princess Viktoria Luise (13 September 1892–11 December 1980), Duchess of Brunswick-Luneburg, was the seventh child and the only daughter of Emperor Wilhelm II and Empress Augusta Viktoria. ... Jump to: navigation, search August 14 is the 226th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (227th in leap years), with 139 days remaining. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1862 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search Berlin â–¶(?), IPA: , is the capital of Germany and its largest city; the city is now home to 3. ... Jump to: navigation, search April 20 is the 110th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (111th in leap years). ... Jump to: navigation, search 1929 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Schleswig-Holstein is the northernmost of the 16 Bundesländer in Germany. ... Jump to: navigation, search Wilhelm II of Germany (born Friedrich Wilhelm Viktor Albert von Preußen 27 January 1859–4 June 1941), was the last German Emperor (Kaiser) and the last King (König) of Prussia, ruling from 1888 to 1918. ... The Kaiserliche Marine or Imperial Navy was the German Navy created by Kaiser Wilhelm II between 1871 and 1919; it grew out of the Prussian Navy. ... German Grand Admiral Sleeve Insignia Grand Admiral Shoulder Insignia In the German Navy the rank of Grand Admiral (Großadmiral) was considered the highest Naval rank. ... Frederick the Great Frederick II of Prussia (Friedrich der Große, Frederick the Great, January 24, 1712 – August 17, 1786) was the Hohenzollern king of Prussia 1740–86. ...

Contents


Family

Prince Heinrich of Prussia was the third of eight children born to Crown Prince Friedrich III (later Emperor Friedrich III), and Victoria, Princess Royal of Great Britain, a daughter of the British Queen Victoria. Heinrich was three years younger than his older brother, the future Emperor Wilhelm II (born January 27, 1859). Friedrich III of Germany. ... HRH The Princess Victoria, Princess Royal (later German Empress Frederick) Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (nee Her Royal Highness The Princess Victoria, Princess Royal of Great Britain and Ireland) (Victoria Adelaide Mary Louise), (21 November 1840-5 August 1901) was Empress of Germany and Queen of Prussia. ... Victoria Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Empress of India Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria) (24 May 1819–22 January 1901) was a Queen of the United Kingdom, reigning from 20 June 1837 until her death. ...


On May 24, 1888, Heinrich married Princess Irene Luise Maria Anna of Hesse and the Rhine. The marriage produced three children:

  • Waldemar of Prussia (March 20, 1889 - May 2, 1945)
  • Sigismund of Prussia (November 27, 1896 - November 14, 1978)
  • Heinrich Viktor Ludwig Friedrich of Prussia (January 9, 1900; February 26, 1904)

Naval career

After attending the gymnasium in Kassel, which he left in the middle grades in 1877, the 15-year-old Heinrich entered the Imperial Navy and was trained as an officer. His naval education included a two-year voyage around the world (1878 to 1880), the naval officer examination [Seeoffizierhauptprüfung] on October 1, 1880, and later (1884 to 1886) attendance at the German naval academy. Students were supposed to graduate during the winter months, following the period of actual duty. Jump to: navigation, search A gymnasium is a type of school of secondary education in parts of Europe. ...


Early commands

As an imperial prince, Heinrich quickly achieved command. In 1887, he commanded a torpedo boat (in 1887) and simultaneously the First Torpedo Boat Division; in 1888 the imperial yacht Hohenzollern; from 1889-1890 the second-class cruiser Irene, the armored coastal defense ship Beowulf, and the capital ship Sachsen und Wörth.


Squadron commands

From 1897 Prince Heinrich commanded several naval task forces; these included, at first, an improvised squadron that took part with the East Asia Squadron in suppressing the unrest in the Chinese region of Kiautschou and then took the port of Tsingtao into the possession of the German Empire (1897). The prince’s success was more of the diplomatic than the military variety. Thus he became the first European potentate ever to be received at the Chinese imperial court. In 1899 he became officially the commander of the East Asia Squadron, later of a capital-ship squadron and in 1903 commander of the Baltic Sea naval station. From 1906 to 1909, Heinrich was commander of the High Seas Fleet. In 1909, he was promoted to Grand Admiral. Qingdao   listen? (Simplified Chinese: 青岛; Traditional Chinese: 青島; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Ching-tao; Postal System Pinyin: Tsingtao) is a port sub-provincial city in the Shandong province of China, a naval base, and a major industrial city located at the southern tip of the Shandong Peninsula, in Jiaozhou Bay, facing the... German battlecruiser Derfflinger scuttled at Scapa Flow. ...


World War I

At the beginning of World War I, Prince Heinrich was named Commander-in-Chief of the Baltic Fleet. Athough the means provided him were far inferior to Russia’s Baltic Fleet, he succeeded, until the 1917 Revolution, in putting Russia’s naval forces far on the defensive, and hindered them from making attacks on the German coast. After the end of hostilities with Russia, his mission was ended, and Prince Heinrich simply left active duty. With the war’s end and the dissolution of the monarchy in Germany, Prince Heinrich left the Navy. Jump to: navigation, search World War I was primarily a European conflict with many facets: immense human sacrifice, stalemate trench warfare, and the use of new, devastating weapons - tanks, aircraft, machine guns, and poison gas World War I, also known as the First World War, the Great War, the War...


Personality and private life

Heinrich had little in common with his brother, the German Emperor. He lacked, for example, Wilhelm’s erratic nature and egotism. The prince was truly popular in Northern Germany, and on account of his humble and open manner was beloved by his troops. On foreign travels he was a good diplomat, who, unlike his brother, was able to strike the right tone. Thus, on his 1912 trip to the United States, Heinrich succeeded in winning the sympathy of critical American press as well as the hearts of more than just the numerous German-American population.


As a naval officer, he had a profession that completely satisfied him and that he loved. He was through and through a pragmatist. He received one of the first pilot’s licenses in Germany, and was judged a spirited and excellent seaman. He was dedicated to modern technology and was able to understand quickly the practical value of technical innovations. He was an early proponent, for example, of introducing submarines and airplanes. In the Baltic Sea, he had a steamship converted into an aircraft carrier, in order to attack Russia with naval air forces.


Heinrich respected his brother, but this attitude was not returned in the same measure. Certainly Wilhelm was intellectually superior. He kept his younger brother far from politics, although Heinrich served as his representative as long as the Crown Prince was still in his minority. Heinrich complied with this, for he did not interest himself in either politics or grand strategy. He did not recognize what political effect the German naval build-up would entail, and also would not have been in the position to move his brother toward a different policy.


After the Revolution, Heinrich lived with his family in Hemmelmark near Eckernförde, in Schleswig-Holstein. He continued with motor sports and sailing and even in old age was a very successful participant in regattas. He supposedly invented a windshield wiper and, according to other sources, the car-horn. In his honor, the Prince Heinrich Regatta [Prinz-Heinrich-Fahrt] was established. He popularized the headgear known as the "Prince Heinrich cap" [Prinz-Heinrich-Mütze] -- an item of apparel still known, and especially beloved among older sailors.


In 1899, he received an honorary doctorate (Doctor of Engineering honoris causa) from the Technical University of Berlin. Also in foreign countries he received numerous honors of that sort, with the last being an honorary doctorate in 1912 from Harvard University. The Central Institute for Modern Languages at the Technical University The Technical University of Berlin (TUB, TU Berlin, German: Technische Universität Berlin) is located in Berlin in Germany. ...


On April 20, 1929, Prince Heinrich died, as his father had done, of throat cancer.


References

Harald Eschenburg. Prinz Heinrich von Preußen - Der Großadmiral im Schatten des Kaisers. Heide, 1989, ISBN 3-8042-0456-2. [Translation of title: Prince Heinrich of Prussia - The Grand Admiral in the Shadow of the Emperor.]


External links

  • Heinrich Albert Wilhelm, Prinz von Preußen (In German)

  Results from FactBites:
 
NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Wilhelm II of Germany (1368 words)
Prince Albert Wilhelm Heinrich of Prussia, known as Prince Heinrich (August 14, 1862 in Berlin –; April 20, 1929 in Hemmelmark, Schleswig-Holstein) was a younger brother of Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany.
Wilhelm was educated at Kassel at the Friedrichsgymnasium and the University of Bonn.
Wilhelm II of Prussia and Germany, Friedrich Wilhelm Viktor Albert von Hohenzollern (January 27, 1859–June 4, 1941) was the last German Emperor (Kaiser) and the last King (König) of Prussia, ruling from 1888 to 1918.
Albert Wilhelm Heinrich of Prussia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (986 words)
Prince Albert Wilhelm Heinrich of Prussia, known as Prince Heinrich (August 14, 1862 in Berlin – April 20, 1929 in Hemmelmark, Schleswig-Holstein) was a younger brother of Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany.
The prince is not to be confused with the Prince Heinrich of Prussia who was the brother of King Friedrich II ("the Great").
Prince Heinrich of Prussia was the third of eight children born to Crown Prince Friedrich III (later Emperor Friedrich III), and Victoria, Princess Royal of Great Britain, a daughter of the British Queen Victoria.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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