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Encyclopedia > Albert III, Margrave of Brandenburg
Albrecht Achilles
Albrecht Achilles

Albert III (German Albrecht Achilles), (9 November 1414, Tangermunde11 March 1486, Frankfurt am Main), Margrave of Brandenburg, given the cognomen Achilles because of his knightly qualities, was the third son of Frederick I of Brandenburg of Hohenzollern, elector of Brandenburg, later Burgrave of Nuremberg. Image File history File links Albrecht_Achilles. ... Image File history File links Albrecht_Achilles. ... November 9 is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 52 days remaining. ... Events Council of Constance begins. ... Tangermünde is a small town at the Elbe in the Altmark, the northeastern region of the federal state Saxony-Anhalt. ... 11 March is the 70th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (71st in Leap year). ... // Events Tízoc, Aztec ruler of Tenochtitlan dies of poisoning. ... Frankfurt am Main [ˈfraŋkfʊrt] is the largest city in the German state of Hessen and the fifth largest city of Germany. ... Historically the Margrave of Brandenburg was one of the most powerful titles in the Holy Roman Empire in being one of the 4 temporal electors and so being one of only 7 lords in the empire with a say in who became the next emperor. ... For other uses, see Achilles (disambiguation). ... Frederick (German: Friedrich) I (1371-1440), Burgrave of Nuremberg, was created margrave of Brandenburg by Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor in 1415, inaugurating 400 years of rule over the area by the Hohenzollern family which was ultimately to preside over Germanys political unification. ... Aerial view of the castle, Hohenzollern, Germany. ... Surrounding but excluding the national capital Berlin, Brandenburg is one of Germanys sixteen Bundesländer (federal states). ... Burgrave, the Eng. ...

Contents


Early life

After passing some time at the court of the emperor Sigismund, he took part in the war against the Hussites, and afterwards distinguished himself whilst assisting the German king, Albert II, against the Poles. Sigismund (February 14/15, 1368 - December 9, 1437) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1433 to 1437. ... The Hussites comprised an early Protestant Christian movement, followers of Jan Hus. ... Albert II is the name of several historical people: Albert II of Austria ( 1298 - 1348) Albert II of Belgium ( 1934 - ), King of the Belgians Albert II of Gorizia Albert II of Habsburg ( 1397 - 1439), German ruler and King of the Romans Albert II of Monaco ( 1958 - ), Sovereign Prince of Monaco...


Reign

On the division of territory which followed his father's death in 1440, Albert received the margravate of Ansbach. Although his resources were very meagre, he soon took a leading place among the German princes, and was especially prominent in resisting the attempts of the towns to obtain self-government. See Ansbach, Austria for the Austrian town of the same name. ...


In 1443 he formed a league directed mainly against Nuremberg, over which town members of his family had formerly exercised the rights of burgrave. It was not until 1448, however, that he found a pretext for attack, and the war which lasted until 1453 ended in a victory for the Nurembergers, and the recognition of their independence. Hl. ... Events January 5/ 6 - Christopher of Bavaria, Norway and Sweden dies with no designated heir leaving all three kingdoms with vacant thrones. ... Events May 29 - Fall of Constantinople to Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II the Conqueror, marking the end of the Byzantine Empire (Eastern Roman Empire). ...


He supported the emperor Frederick III in his struggle with the princes who desired reforms in Germany, and in return for this loyalty received many marks of favour from Frederick, including extensive judicial rights which aroused considerable irritation among neighbouring rulers. Detail of Aeneas Piccolomini Introduces Eleonora of Portugal to Frederick III by Pinturicchio (1454-1513) Frederick III of Habsburg (Innsbruck, September 21, 1415 – August 19, 1493 in Linz) was elected as German King as the successor of Albert II in 1440. ...


In 1457 he arranged a marriage between his eldest son John, and Margaret, daughter of William III, landgrave of Thuringia, who inherited the claims upon Hungary and Bohemia of her mother, a granddaughter of the emperor Sigismund. The attempt to secure these thrones for the Hohenzollerns through this marriage failed, and a similar fate befell Albert's efforts to revive in his own favour the disused title of duke of Franconia. Events University of Freiburg founded. ... The Free State of Thuringia (German Freistaat Thüringen) lies in central Germany and is among the smaller of the countrys sixteen Bundesländer (federal states), with an area of 16,200 sq. ... Bohemia This article is about the historical region in central Europe; for other uses, see Bohemia (disambiguation). ... Sigismund (February 14/15, 1368 - December 9, 1437) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1433 to 1437. ... The Franconian Rake is originally is a heraldic symbol of the bishops of Würzburg, who - though nominally Dukes of Franconia - only ruled in parts of Franconia. ...


The sharp dissensions which existed among the princes over the question of reform culminated in open warfare in 1460, when Albert was confronted with a league under the leadership of the Count Palatine, Frederick I, and Louis IX, Duke of Bavaria-Landshut. Worsted in this struggle, which was concluded in 1462, Albert made an alliance with his former enemy, George of Podebrady, King of Bohemia, a step which caused Pope Paul II to place him under the ban. Frederick I was the name of several European monarchs: Frederick Barbarossa, Holy Roman Emperor (1122-1190) Frederick I Babenberg, Duke of Austria (c. ... Duke Louis IX of Bavaria (23. ... George of Podebrady - statue in Kunštát (Czech Republic). ... Pope Paul II, né Pietro Barbo (February 23, 1417 – July 26, 1471), was pope from 1464 to 1471. ...


In 1470 Albert, who had inherited Bayreuth on the death of his brother John in 1464, became Margrave of Brandenburg owing to the abdication of his remaining brother, the elector Frederick II. He was soon actively engaged in its administration, and by the treaty of Prenzlau in 1472 he brought Pomerania also under his supremacy. Having established his right to levy a tonnage on wines in the mark, he issued in February 1473 the important disposition Achillea, which decreed that the margravate of Brandenburg should descend in its entirety to the eldest son, while the younger sons should receive the Franconian possessions of the family. Bayreuth is a town in northern Bavaria, Germany, on the Red Main river in a valley between the Frankish Alb and the Fichtelgebirge. ... Historically the Margrave of Brandenburg was one of the most powerful titles in the Holy Roman Empire in being one of the 4 temporal electors and so being one of only 7 lords in the empire with a say in who became the next emperor. ... See: Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor (1194-1250, king 1211/12-1250, emperor since 1220) Frederick II of Austria (?-1246, duke of Austria 1230-1246) Frederick II of Sicily (1272-1337) - who called himself Frederick III - see the article for details. ... Events February 20 - The Orkneys and Shetlands are annexed to the crown of Scotland Discovery of Newfoundland by Didrik Pining and João Vaz Corte-Real. ... Historic Pomerania (outlined in yellow) Pomerania (Polish: , German: , Pomeranian (Kashubian): Pòmòrze and Pòmòrskô, Latin: Pomerania, Pomorania) is a geographical and historical region in northern Poland and Germany on the south coasts of the Baltic Sea between and on both sides of the Vistula and Oder (Odra) rivers, reaching the Recknitz... Species many, see text Achillea is a genus of about 85 flowering plants, in the family Asteraceae, commonly referred to as yarrow. ...


After treating in vain for a marriage between one of his sons and Mary, daughter and heiress of Charles the Bold, duke of Burgundy, Albert handed over the government of Brandenburg to his eldest son John, and returned to his Franconian possessions. Mary of Burgundy Mary (February 13, 1457 – March 27, 1482), duchess of Burgundy, only child of Charles the Bold, duke of Burgundy, and his wife Isabella of Bourbon, was born on February 13 1457. ... Charles the Bold Charles, called the Bold (French: Charles le Téméraire) (November 10, 1433 – 1477) was Duke of Burgundy from 1467 to 1477. ... Coat of arms of the 2nd duchy of Burgundy and later of the French province of Burgundy Burgundy (French: Bourgogne) is a historic region of France, inhabited in turn by Pre-Indo-European people, Celts (Gauls), Romans (Gallo-Romans), and various Germanic peoples, most importantly the Burgundians and the Franks. ...


Dynastic marriages of his children

In 1474 he married his daughter Barbara to Henry XI, Duke of Glogau, who left his possessions on his death in 1476 to his widow with reversion to her family, an arrangement which was resisted by Henry's kinsman, John II, Duke of Sagan. Aided by Matthias Corvinus, king of Hungary, John invaded Brandenburg, and the Pomeranians seized the opportunity to revolt. Under these circumstances Albert returned to Brandenburg in 1478, compelled the Pomeranians to recognize his supremacy, and, after a stubborn struggle, secured a part of Duke Henry's lands for his daughter in 1482. Matthias Corvinus (Mátyás in Hungarian), (February 23, 1443 (?) - April 6, 1490) was one of the greatest Kings of Hungary, ruling between 1458 and 1490. ... Historic Pomerania (outlined in yellow) Pomerania (Polish: , German: , Pomeranian (Kashubian): Pòmòrze and Pòmòrskô, Latin: Pomerania, Pomorania) is a geographical and historical region in northern Poland and Germany on the south coasts of the Baltic Sea between and on both sides of the Vistula and Oder (Odra) rivers, reaching the Recknitz...


His main attention was afterwards claimed by the business of the Empire, and soon after taking part in the election of Maximilian as king of the Romans he died at Frankfurt in March 1486. He left a considerable amount of treasure. Maximilian can refer to: Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I, Duke of Bavaria Maximilian I of Bavaria Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian II of Bavaria Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria Prince Maximilian of Baden Maximilian I of Mexico (von Habsburg) Maximillian, the million dollar dog (Max-a... The title King of the Romans (Latin: Rex Romanorum) — not to be confused with the early, partially mythical Kings of Rome — was carried by Holy Roman Emperors after they had been confirmed as Emperor, but before they had undergone the ceremony of coronation by the Pope. ...


Albert was a man of relentless energy and boundless ambition, who by reason of his physical and intellectual qualities was one of the most prominent princes of the 15th century.


Family and children

Albert was married twice. First, he married 12 November 1446 with Margarete of Baden, daughter of Markgrave Jakob I of Baden and Catherine of Lorraine. From this marriage he had following children: November 12 is the 316th day of the year (317th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 49 days remaining. ... Events Mehmed II Sultan of the Ottoman Empire is forced to abdicate in favor of his father Murad II by the Janissaries. ...

  1. Wolfgang, born and died in 1450.
  2. Johann Cicero, Elector of Brandenburg.
  3. Friedrich, died young.
  4. Ursula (25 September 145025 October 1508, Breslau), married Duke Heinrich I of Münsterberg.
  5. Elisabeth, (29 October 1451, Ansbach–28 March 1524, Nürtingen), married Eberhard II, Duke of Württemberg.
  6. Margareta (18 April 145327 April 1509), Abbess of St.Klara.

Margarete died 24 October 1457 and in 1458 Albert married Anna of Saxony, daughter of Frederick II, Elector of Saxony and Margarete of Austria. They children were: Events March - French troops under Guy de Richemont besiege the English commander in France, Edmund Beaufort, Duke of Somerset, in Caen April 15 - Battle of Formigny. ... John or Johann Cicero Hohenzollern, elector of Brandenburg was born 1455. ... The Margrave of Brandenburg was one of the seven Electors of the Holy Roman Empire created by the Golden Bull of 1356. ... September 25 is the 268th day of the year (269th in leap years). ... Events March - French troops under Guy de Richemont besiege the English commander in France, Edmund Beaufort, Duke of Somerset, in Caen April 15 - Battle of Formigny. ... October 25 is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 67 days remaining. ... Events February - Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor attacks Venice June 6 - Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor is defeated in Friulia by Venetian forces; he is forced to sign a three year truce and cede several territories to Venice December 10 - League of Cambrai formed as an alliance against Venice between... Wrocław. ... October 29 is the 302nd day of the year (303rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 63 days remaining. ... // Events February 3 - Murad II, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire dies and is succeeded by his son Mehmed II. April 11 - Celje acquires market-town status and town rights by orders from the Celje count Frederic II. June 30 - French troops under the Comte de Dunois invade Guyenne and capture... March 28 is the 87th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (88th in Leap years). ... Events March 1, 1524/5 - Giovanni da Verrazano lands near Cape Fear (approx. ... Watershed of the Neckar River Watershed of the Rhine River Nürtingen is a city in Baden-Württemberg, Germany, in the district of Esslingen. ... April 18 is the 108th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (109th in leap years). ... Events May 29 - Fall of Constantinople to Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II the Conqueror, marking the end of the Byzantine Empire (Eastern Roman Empire). ... April 27 is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 248 days remaining. ... // Events February 2 - Battle of Diu took place near Diu, India. ... October 24 is the 297th day of the year (298th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 68 days remaining. ... Events University of Freiburg founded. ... Events January 24 - Matthias I Corvinus becomes king of Hungary Foundation of Magdalen College, University of Oxford George of Podebrady becomes king of Bohemia Pope Pius II becomes pope Turks sack the Acropolis Births February 15 - Ivan the Young, Ruler of Tver (d. ... Anna of Saxony (December 23, 1544-December 18, 1577) was the only child and heiress of Maurice, Elector of Saxony, and Agnes of Hesse. ... Frederick II, the Gentle and Elector of Saxony (1428 — 1464), was an Elector of Saxony. ...

  1. Frederick I, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach, Margrave of Brandenburg in Ansbach since 1486 and Bayreuth since 1495.
  2. Amalie (1 October 1461, Plassenburg3 September 1481, Baden-Baden), married Kaspar, Pfalzgraf of Zweibrücken.
  3. Anna, born and died in 1462.
  4. Barbara (30 May 1464, Ansbach–4 September 1515, Ansbach), married:
  5. Albrecht, born and died in 1466.
  6. Sibylle (31 May 1467, Ansbach–9 July 1524, Kaster), married Duke Wilhelm IV of Jülich and Berg.
  7. Siegmund, Margrave of Brandenburg in Bayreuth, (27 September 1468, Ansbach–26 February 1495, Ansbach).
  8. Albrecht, born and died in 1470.
  9. Georg (30 December 1472, Berlin – 5 December 1476, Kadolzburg).
    1. in Berlin 11 October 1472 to Duke Henry XI of Glogau;
    2. in Frankfurt an der Oder 20 August 1476 to King Ladislaus II of Bohemia and Hungary.
  10. Dorothea (12 December 1471, Berlin–13 February 1520, Bamberg), Abbess in Bamberg.
  11. Elisabeth (8 April 1474, Ansbach–25 April 1507, Römhild), married Count Hermann VIII of Henneberg-Aschach.
  12. Magdalene (29 July 1476, Berlin–before 4 February 1480).
  13. Anastasia (14 March 1478, Ansbach–4 July 1534, Ilmenau), married Count Wilhelm VII of Henneberg-Schleusingen.

Frederick I, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach (May 8, 1460 - April 4, 1536), also known as Frederick V or Friedrich V, Margrave von Brandenburg-Ansbach-Bayreuth, succeeded his father as margrave in 1486. ... Historically the Margrave of Brandenburg was one of the most powerful titles in the Holy Roman Empire in being one of the 4 temporal electors and so being one of only 7 lords in the empire with a say in who became the next emperor. ... // Events Tízoc, Aztec ruler of Tenochtitlan dies of poisoning. ... Bayreuth is a town in northern Bavaria, Germany, on the Red Main river in a valley between the Frankish Alb and the Fichtelgebirge. ... Events February 22 - King Charles VIII of France enters Naples to claim the citys throne. ... October 1 is the 274th day of the year (275th in Leap years). ... Events February 2 - Battle of Mortimers Cross - Yorkist troops led by Edward, Duke of York defeat Lancastrians under Owen Tudor and his son Jasper Tudor, Earl of Pembroke in Wales. ... Plassenburg is a castle in the city of Kulmbach in Bavaria. ... September 3 is the 246th day of the year (247th in leap years). ... Events May 3 - Mehmed II, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire dies and is succeeded by his son Beyazid II. May 21 - Christian I, King of Denmark and Norway dies and is succeeded by his son John (1481-1513) With the death of Duke Charles IV of Anjou, Anjou was reverted... Map of Germany showing Baden-Baden Baden-Baden is a town in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Zweibrücken is a city of Germany in Rhineland-Palatinate, on the Schwarzbach River at the border of the Palatine Forest. ... Events Settlers from Portugal begin to settle the Cape Verde islands. ... May 30 is the 150th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (151st in leap years). ... Events February - Christian I of Denmark and Norway who was also serving as King of Sweden is declared deposed from the later throne. ... September 4 is the 247th day of the year (248th in leap years). ... // Events June - Invasion of Persia by Sultan Selim I of the Ottoman Empire. ... Events Chimú Empire conquered by troops of the Inca End of term for Regent of Sweden Jöns Bengtsson Oxenstierna. ... May 31 is the 151st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (152nd in leap years), with 214 days remaining, as the last day of May. ... Events October 29 - Battle of Brusthem: Charles the Bold defeats Liege Beginning of the Sengoku Period in Japan. ... July 9 is the 190th day of the year (191st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 175 days remaining. ... Events March 1, 1524/5 - Giovanni da Verrazano lands near Cape Fear (approx. ... This article needs copyediting (checking for proper English spelling, grammar, usage, etc. ... Siegmund, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth (27 September 1468–26 February 1495) was the sixth but third surviving son of Albrecht III, Margrave of Brandenburg, Ansbach and Bayreuth. ... September 27 is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 95 days remaining. ... Events Baeda Maryam succeeds his father Zara Yaqob as Emperor of Ethiopia Births February 29 - Pope Paul III (died 1549) Juan del Encina, Spanish poet, dramatist and composer William Lilye, English scholar (approximate date; died 1522) Charles I of Savoy John, Elector of Saxony (died 1532) Juan de Zumárraga... February 26 is the 57th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events February 22 - King Charles VIII of France enters Naples to claim the citys throne. ... Events May 15 - Charles VIII of Sweden who had served three terms as King of Sweden dies. ... December 30 is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 1 day remaining. ... Events February 20 - The Orkneys and Shetlands are annexed to the crown of Scotland Discovery of Newfoundland by Didrik Pining and João Vaz Corte-Real. ... December 5 is the 339th day (340th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events March 2 - Battle of Grandson. ... October 11 is the 284th day of the year (285th in leap years). ... Events February 20 - The Orkneys and Shetlands are annexed to the crown of Scotland Discovery of Newfoundland by Didrik Pining and João Vaz Corte-Real. ... Frankfurt an der Oder [ˈfraŋkfʊrt] (German formal name: Frankfurt (Oder), Sorbian/Lusatian: Frankobord, Polish: Frankfurt nad Odrą) is a town in Brandenburg, Germany located on the Oder River, on the German-Polish border directly opposite the city of Słubice. ... August 20 is the 232nd day of the year (233rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events March 2 - Battle of Grandson. ... Ladislaus Jagellion (in Czech Vladislav Jagellonský, in Hungarian II. Ulászló) was the King of Bohemia from 1471 and the King of Hungary from 1490 until his death in 1516. ... December 12 is the 346th day (347th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year 1471, not the BT caller ID service accessible by dialling 1-4-7-1. ... February 13 is the 44th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 18 - King Christian II of Denmark and Norway defeats the Swedes at Lake Asunde. ... Bamberg is a town in Bavaria, Germany. ... April 8 is the 98th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (99th in leap years). ... Events December 12 - Upon the death of Henry IV of Castile a civil war ensues between his designated successor Isabella I of Castile and her sister Juana who was supported by her husband, Alfonso V of Portugal. ... April 25 is the 115th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (116th in leap years). ... // Events The western continent is named America on the maps of Martin Waldseemüller. ... July 29 is the 210th day (211th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 155 days remaining. ... Events March 2 - Battle of Grandson. ... February 4 is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events March 6 - Treaty of Toledo - Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain recognize African conquests of Afonso of Portugal and he cedes the Canary Islands to Spain Great standing on the Ugra river - Muscovy becomes independent from the Golden Horde. ... March 14 is the 73rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (74th in Leap years) with 292 days remaining in the year. ... Events February 18 - George, Duke of Clarence, convicted of treason against his older brother Edward IV of England, is privately executed in the Tower of London. ... July 4 is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 180 days remaining. ... Events February 27 - Group of Anabaptists of Jan Matthys seize Münster and declare it The New Jerusalem - they begin to exile dissenters and forcible baptize all others May 10 - Jacques Cartier explores Newfoundland while searching for the Northwest Passage. ... Ilmenau is a town placed in the district of Thuringia in Germany. ...

External links

  • House of Hohenzollern
Preceded by:
Frederick II
Elector of Brandenburg
1470–1486
Succeeded by:
Johann Cicero

This article incorporates text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, which is in the public domain. This article is about Frederick II of Brandenburg. ... The Margrave of Brandenburg was one of the seven Electors of the Holy Roman Empire created by the Golden Bull of 1356. ... John or Johann Cicero Hohenzollern, elector of Brandenburg was born 1455. ... Supporters contend that the Eleventh Edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica (1910-1911) represents the sum of human knowledge at the beginning of the 20th century; indeed, it was advertised as such. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Albert III, Margrave of Brandenburg (694 words)
Albert III (in German Albrecht Achilles), (1414-1486), Margrave of Brandenburg, given the cognomen Achilles because of his knightly qualities, was the third son of Frederick I of Brandenburg of Hohenzollern, elector of Brandenburg, later Burgrave of Nuremberg, and was born at Tangermunde[?] on the 9th of November 1414.
In 1470 Albert, who had inherited Bayreuth on the death of his brother John in 1464, became Margrave of Brandenburg owing to the abdication of his remaining brother, the elector Frederick II.
Albert was a man of relentless energy and boundless ambition, who by reason of his physical and intellectual qualities was one of the most prominent princes of the 15th century.
Albert I of Brandenburg - LoveToKnow 1911 (450 words)
In 1128 his brother-in-law, Henry II., margrave of the Saxon north mark, died, and Albert, disappointed at not receiving this fief, attacked Udo, the succeeding margrave, and was consequently deprived of Lusatia by Lothair.
Taking the title margrave of Brandenburg, he pressed the warfare against the Wends, extended the area of his mark, did much for the spread of Christianity and civilization therein, and so became the founder of the margraviate of Brandenburg.
It was possibly at this time that Albert was made arch-chamberlain of the Empire, an office which afterwards gave the margraves of Brandenburg the rights of an elector.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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