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Encyclopedia > Albert Cassell

Albert Irvin Cassell (1895-1969) was a prominent mid-twentieth-century African American architect in Washington, D.C., whose work shaped many academic communities in the United States. He designed buildings for Howard University in Washington D.C., Morgan State University in Baltimore, and Virginia Union University in Richmond. Cassell also designed and built civic structures for the State of Maryland and the District of Columbia. An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... Architect at his drawing board, 1893 An Architect is a person who is involved in the planning, designing and oversight of a buildings construction. ... Howard University is a historically black university in Washington, D.C. ranked 89th in U.S. News and World Report, College and University rankings. ... Morgan State University, located in residential Baltimore, Maryland, awards Baccalaureate, Masters and Doctorate degrees. ... Virginia Union University is an historically black university located in Richmond, Virginia, which was founded in 1865 by a former slave trader. ...

Contents

Early Life

Albert Irvin Cassell was born in Towson, Maryland on June 25, 1895, the third child of Albert Truman Cassell and Charlotte Cassell. Albert Cassell began his education in the segregated Baltimore public school system, but moved to New York in 1909 where he began attending Douglas High School. At Douglas High, Cassell studied drafting under Ralph Victor Cook. With Cook's assistance, Cassell was admitted to the Cornell University architecture program in 1915. After completing two years at Cornell, Cassell's studies were interrupted by service in the US Army in World War I. He served in France, but not in combat, and was honorably discharged in 1919 as a second lieutenant in the 351st Heavy Field Artillery Regiment. In 1919 Cassell was awarded his degree from Cornell University, and began his career working with architect William A. Hazel. In 1920, Mr. Cassell joined in the Architecture Department of Howard University as assistant professor. Just two years later, in 1922, Cassell had become University Architect and head of the Architecture Department at Howard. Cornell redirects here. ... Combatants Allied Powers: Russian Empire France British Empire Italy United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary German Empire Ottoman Empire Bulgaria Commanders Nicholas II Aleksei Brusilov Georges Clemenceau Joseph Joffre Ferdinand Foch Herbert Henry Asquith Douglas Haig John Jellicoe Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna Armando Diaz Woodrow Wilson John Pershing Franz... Howard University is a historically black university in Washington, D.C. ranked 89th in U.S. News and World Report, College and University rankings. ...


Career

Cassell worked at Howard University for eighteen years, serving as an instructor, land manager, surveyor, and architect. Cassell's vision and work helped shape the campus through his "Twenty Year Plan", through which he designed numerous campus buildings. His most important design at Howard, was the Founders Library, a building which evoked both the Georgian architecture revival style and Independence Hall in Philadelphia. This building would become an architectural and educational symbol for the university.
While at Howard, Cassell also designed buildings for other institutional clients. His work included buildings at Virginia Union University, Provident Hospital in Baltimore, various Masonic temples, as well as smaller works for select commercial and residential clients. Following his time at Howard University, Cassell went on to design several buildings for Morgan State College (now Morgan State University) in Baltimore. In his later years he joined with other African-American architects to form the firm of Cassell, Gray & Sutton. He went on to work for several other large clients such as the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Washington and the government of the District of Columbia.
As his final project, Cassell sought to develop Chesapeake Heights on the Bay, a 520-acre summer resort community for African-Americans. The project was to feature houses, a motel, shopping centers, a pier, a marina, beaches, and a clubhouse fronting the Chesapeake Bay. Roads and a few homes were built by 1969, but the project ended with Cassell's death in that same year.
Howard University is a historically black university in Washington, D.C. ranked 89th in U.S. News and World Report, College and University rankings. ... A Georgian house in Salisbury Georgian architecture at Royal Crescent, Bath. ... Independence Hall, officially known as the Pennsylvania State House, is a U.S. national landmark located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... Nickname: City of Brotherly Love, Philly, the Cradle of Liberty, the City That Loves You Back, the Quaker City, The Birthplace of America Motto: Philadelphia maneto - Let brotherly love continue Location in Pennsylvania Coordinates: Country United States State Pennsylvania County Philadelphia Founded October 27, 1682 Incorporated October 25, 1701 Mayor... Virginia Union University is an historically black university located in Richmond, Virginia, which was founded in 1865 by a former slave trader. ... Flag Seal Nickname: Monument City, Charm City, Mob Town, B-more Motto: Get In On It (formerly The City That Reads and The Greatest City in America; BELIEVE is not the official motto but rather a specific campaign) Location Location of Baltimore in Maryland Coordinates , Government Country State County United... Howard University is a historically black university in Washington, D.C. ranked 89th in U.S. News and World Report, College and University rankings. ... Morgan State University, located in residential Baltimore, Maryland, awards Baccalaureate, Masters and Doctorate degrees. ... The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Washington is home to the Basilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception, dedicated to the patron saint of the United States. ... ...


Works

  • Campbell Ave Church, Washington, DC, 1917
  • Carver War Public Housing, Arlington, VA, 1942
  • Catholic Diocese, Washington, DC
  • Corinthian Baptist Church, Washington, DC
  • Crownsville Hospital Housing & Recreation Center, Crownsville, MD, 1950
  • Glenarden City Hall, Glenarden, MD
  • Howard University Armory, Washington, DC, 1925
  • Howard University Baldwin Hall, Washington, DC, 1951
  • Howard University Chemistry Building, Washington, DC, 1936
  • Howard University College of Medicine, Washington, DC, 1927
  • Howard University Crandall Women's Dormitory, Washington, DC, 1931
  • Howard University Dining Hall, Washington, DC, 1922
  • Howard University Douglas Men's Dormitory, Washington, DC, 1936
  • Howard University Founders Library, Washington, DC, 1937
  • Howard University Frazier Women's Dormitory, Washington, DC
  • Howard University Greene Stadium and Football Field, Washington, DC, 1926
  • Howard University President's Home, Washington, DC
  • Howard University Truth Women's Dormitory, Washington, DC
  • Howard University Wheatley Hall, Washington, DC
  • Howard University Women's Gym, Washington, DC
  • James Creek Public Housing, Washington, DC
  • Mayfair Garden, Washington, DC
  • Morgan State College (various buildings), Baltomore, MD
  • Odd Fellows Temple, Washington, DC and Baltmore, MD, 1932
  • Provident Hospital, Baltimore, MD, 1928
  • Seaton Elementary School, Washington, DC
  • Soller's Point War Housing, Dundalk, MD
  • St. Paul's Baptist Church, Baltimore, MD
  • Tuskegee Institute Trade Buildings, Tuskegee, AL
  • Virginia Union Hartshorn Dormitory, Richmond, VA, 1928
  • Wheatley YMCA, Washington, DC

References

  • Wilson, Dreck Spurlock, editor. "African-American Architects : A Biographical Dictionary, 1865-1945". New York : Routledge, 2004.
  • "Albert Cassell," Roper Library, Morgan State University Archives, manuscript collection.

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