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Encyclopedia > Albert Bierstadt
Albert Bierstadt, by Napoleon Sarony.
Albert Bierstadt, by Napoleon Sarony.

Albert Bierstadt (January 7, 1830 - February 18, 1902) was a German-American painter best known for his large, detailed landscapes of the American West. In obtaining the subject matter for these works, Bierstadt joined several journeys of the Westward Expansion. Though not the first artist to record these sites, Bierstadt was the foremost painter of these scenes for the remainder of the 19th century. Image File history File links Bierstadt. ... Image File history File links Bierstadt. ... (1882), the subject of Saronys copyright infringement lawsuit that reached the U.S. Supreme Court Napoleon Sarony (1821 – 1896) was an American lithographer and photographer. ... January 7 is the seventh day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Liberty Leading the People by Eugène Delacroix commemorates the July Revolution 1830 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... February 18 is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1902 (MCMII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view. ... The Western United States, also referred to as the American West or simply The West, traditionally refers to the region constituting the westernmost states of the United States (see geographical terminology section for further discussion of these terms). ... Manifest Destiny, meaning obvious (or undeniable) fate was a belief originally held by Democratic Republicans, specifically Warhawks during the presidency of James Madison, that stated the United States had a divinely-inspired mission to expand itself and its system of government to the western frontier. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Bierstadt was part of the Hudson River School, not an institution but rather an informal group of like-minded painters. The Hudson River School style involved carefully detailed paintings with romantic, almost glowing lighting, sometimes called luminism. The Hudson River school was a 19th century American group of landscape painters whose approach was related to romanticism. ... Luminism is an American landscape painting style of the 1850s – 1870s, characterized by effects of light in landscapes, through the use of aerial perspective, and the hiding of visible brushstrokes. ...

Contents


Biography

Albert Bierstadt was born in Solingen, Germany. His family moved to New Bedford, Massachusetts, in 1833. He studied painting with the members of the Düsseldorf School in Düsseldorf, Germany from 1853 to 1857. He taught drawing and painting briefly before devoting himself to painting. Solingen is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Nickname: The Whaling City Motto: Official website: www. ... The factual accuracy of this article is disputed. ... Düsseldorf is the capital city of the German Federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia and (together with Cologne and the Ruhr Area) the economic center of Northwestern Germany. ...


Bierstadt began making paintings in New England and upstate New York. In 1859, he traveled westward in the company of a land surveyor the U.S. government, returning with sketches that would result in numerous finished paintings. In 1863 he returned West again, in the company of the author Fitz Hugh Ludlow, whose wife he would later marry. He continued to visit the American West throughout his career. First Flag of New England, 1686-c. ... Official language(s) None, English de facto Capital Albany Largest city New York City Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 27th 141,205 km² 455 km 530 km 13. ... Fitz Hugh Ludlow, sometimes seen as Fitzhugh Ludlow, (September 11, 1836 – September 12, 1870) was an American author, journalist, and explorer; best-known for his autobiographical book The Hasheesh Eater (1857). ... The Western United States, also referred to as the American West or simply The West, traditionally refers to the region constituting the westernmost states of the United States (see geographical terminology section for further discussion of these terms). ...

The Rocky Mountains: Lander's Peak, 1863
The Rocky Mountains: Lander's Peak, 1863

He became the central figure of the Rocky Mountain School of American painting. Image File history File links Bierstadt_LandersPeak_1863. ... Image File history File links Bierstadt_LandersPeak_1863. ...

Storm in the Rocky Mountains (Mount Rosa), 1886
Enlarge
Storm in the Rocky Mountains (Mount Rosa), 1886

Though his paintings sold for princely sums, Bierstadt was not held in particularly high esteem by critics of his day. His use of uncommonly large canvases was thought to be an egotistical indulgence, as his paintings would invariably dwarf those of his contemporaries when they were displayed together. The romanticism evident in his choices of subject and in his use of light was felt to be excessive by contemporary critics, a charge that continues to be leveled by many of today's art historians. Albert Bierstadt painting. ... Albert Bierstadt painting. ... Romanticism was a secular and intellectual movement in the history of ideas that originated in late 18th century Western Europe. ...


Nonetheless, his paintings remain popular. He was a prolific artist, having completed over 400 (not sure about this???) paintings during his lifetime, most of which have survived. Many are scattered through museums around the U.S. Prints are available commercially for many. Original paintings themselves do occasionally come up for sale.


Legacy

Because of Bierstadt's interest in mountain landscapes, Mount Bierstadt in Colorado is named in his honor. Another Colorado mountain was originally named Mount Rosa, after Bierstadt's wife, but it was later renamed Mount Evans after Colorado governor John Evans. Mount Bierstadt is a mountain in the Front Range region of the Rocky Mountains in Colorado. ... Official language(s) English Capital Denver Largest city Denver Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 8th 269 837 km² 451 km 612 km 0. ... Mount Evans is a mountain in the Front Range region of the Rocky Mountains in Colorado. ... John Evans (9 March 1814–3 July 1897) was a US politician, physician, railroad promoter, and namesake of Evanston, Illinois. ...


In 1998, the United States Postal Service issued a set of 20 commemorative stamps entitled "Four Centuries of American Art", one of which featured Albert Bierstadt's The Last of the Buffalo. A USPS truck in San Francisco A smaller truck (a Long Life Vehicle or LLV) used in suburban areas The United States Postal Service (USPS) is an agency of the United States government responsible for providing postal service in the United States; it is generally referred to within the United...

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References

  • Anderson, Nancy K. et. at. Albert Bierstadt, Art & Enterprise, Hudson Hills Press, Inc.: New York, New York, 1990.
  • Hendricks, Gordon. Albert Bierstadt, Painter of the American West, Harrison House/Harry N. Abrams, Inc.: New York, New York 1988.

External links

  • White Mountain painings by Albert Bierstadt
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Category:Albert Bierstadt

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Albert Bierstadt (686 words)
The purpose of Bierstadt's trip was to procure sketches for a series of large-scale landscape paintings of the American West.
Albert Bierstadt, Cho-Looke, the Yosemite Fall, by Nancy K. Anderson.
Albert Bierstadt: Painter of the American West, by Gordon Hendricks.
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