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Encyclopedia > Albert, Prince Consort
Prince Albert
Prince Consort of the United Kingdom; Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Consort 10 February 184014 December 1861
Consort to Victoria
Issue
Victoria, German Empress and Queen of Prussia
Edward VII
Alice, Grand Duchess of Hesse
Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Helena, Princess Christian of Schleswig-Holstein
Louise, Duchess of Argyll
Arthur, Duke of Connaught
Leopold, Duke of Albany
Beatrice, Princess Henry of Battenberg
Full name
Francis Albert Charles Augustus Emanuel
German: Franz Albrecht Karl August Emmanuel
Titles and styles
HRH The Prince Consort
HRH Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Duke of Saxony
HDSH Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Duke of Saxony
HDSH Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfield, Duke of Saxony
Royal house House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha
Father Ernest I, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Mother Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
Born 26 August 1819(1819-08-26)
Rosenau Castle, Coburg, Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
Died 14 December 1861 (aged 42)
Windsor Castle, Berkshire, England
Burial Frogmore, Windsor

Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (Francis Albert Charles Augustus Emanuel, later HRH The Prince Consort; 26 August 181914 December 1861) was the husband and consort of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. He was the only husband of a British Queen to have formally held the title of Prince Consort. Upon Queen Victoria's death in 1901, the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, named after the territory of the branch of the Saxon ducal family to which Albert belonged, succeeded the House of Hanover on the British throne.[1] Image File history File links Download high resolution version (707x992, 58 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1840 is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... is the 348th day of the year (349th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1861 (MDCCCLXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Queen Victoria redirects here. ... Victoria of the United Kingdom (born Victoria Adelaide Mary Louise) 21 November 1840 – 5 August 1901) was the eldest child and daughter of Queen Victoria and her consort Albert. ... Edward VII (Albert Edward; 9 November 1841 – 6 May 1910) was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, of the British Dominions beyond the Seas, and Emperor of India from 22 January 1901 until his death on 6 May 1910. ... Princess Alice (Alice Maud Mary; later The Grand Duchess of Hesse; April 25, 1843 – December 14, 1878), was a member of the British Royal Family, the third child and second daughter of Queen Victoria. ... Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (Alfred Ernest Albert; 6 August 1844 – 30 July 1900) was the third Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha between 1893 and 1900. ... The Princess Helena, (Helena Augusta Victoria), (25 May 1846 - 9 June 1923), was a member of the British Royal Family, the fifth-born child and the third daughter of Queen Victoria. ... The Princess Louise (Louise Caroline Alberta; Marchioness of Lorne and Duchess of Argyll by marriage; 18 March 1848 – 3 December 1939) was a member of the British Royal Family, the sixth child and fourth daughter of Queen Victoria and her husband, Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. ... Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn (Arthur William Patrick Albert; 1 May 1850 – 16 January 1942) was a member of the British Royal Family, a son of Queen Victoria. ... The Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany (Leopold George Duncan Albert; 7 April 1853 – 28 March 1884) was a member of the British Royal Family, a son of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. ... The Princess Beatrice, (Beatrice Mary Victoria Feodore), (14 April 1857 - 26 October 1944), was a member of the British Royal Family, the fifth daughter and the youngest child of Queen Victoria. ... A Royal House or Dynasty is a sort of family name used by royalty. ... Saxe-Coburg-Gotha or Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (German: Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha) was once the name given to the two German duchies of Saxe-Coburg and Saxe-Gotha in Germany, in the present states of Bavaria and Thuringia, which were in personal union between 1826 and 1918. ... Ernst I of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. ... Luise Dorothea Pauline Charlotte Friederike Auguste von Sachsen-Gotha-Altenburg, Herzogin von Sachsen, Princess of Gotha and Altenburg (1800-31), was a German Princess. ... is the 238th day of the year (239th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1819 (MDCCCXIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) in the [[Grhttp://en. ... This article is about the city in Germany. ... Saxe-Coburg (German Sachsen-Coburg) is a historical state in todays Bavaria, Germany. ... is the 348th day of the year (349th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1861 (MDCCCLXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... This article is about the castle in Windsor. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Frogmore or Frogmore House is a former royal residence in England, in the grounds of Windsor Castle, and is the site of the Frogmore Mausoleum containing the grave of Victoria and Albert. ... This article is about the English town. ... is the 238th day of the year (239th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1819 (MDCCCXIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) in the [[Grhttp://en. ... is the 348th day of the year (349th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1861 (MDCCCLXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... A prince consort, generally speaking, is the husband of a Queen regnant, unless he himself is a king. ... Queen Victoria redirects here. ... This article is about the historical state called the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (1801–1927). ... Cleopatra is one of the most well-known queens regnant A queen regnant (plural queens regnant) is a woman monarch possessing and exercising all of the monarchal powers of a king, in contrast with a queen consort, who is the wife of a reigning king, and in and of her... A prince consort, generally speaking, is the husband of a Queen regnant, unless he himself is a king. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... The House of Hanover (the Hanoverians) is a German royal dynasty which has ruled the Duchy of Braunschweig-Lüneburg, the Kingdom of Hanover and the Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. ...

Contents

Early life

Albert was born at Schloss Rosenau near Coburg (formerly in the Duchy of Saxony, now in the state of Bavaria, Germany), as the second son of Ernest I, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and his first wife, Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg. Albert's aunt, Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, had married Edward Augustus, Duke of Kent, the fourth son of King George III of the United Kingdom. She was the mother of the future Queen Victoria. Thus Albert and his future wife were first cousins. They were also born in the same year with the assistance of the same midwife.[2] Coburg is a city located on the Itz River in Bavaria, Central-West Germany. ... The Duchy of Saxony was a medieval Duchy covering the greater part of Northern Germany. ... For other uses, see Bavaria (disambiguation). ... Ernst I of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. ... Luise Dorothea Pauline Charlotte Friederike Auguste von Sachsen-Gotha-Altenburg, Herzogin von Sachsen, Princess of Gotha and Altenburg (1800-31), was a German Princess. ... Viktoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, Duchess of Kent Marie Luise Viktoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (August 17, 1786 – March 16, 1861) was the daughter of Duke Francis Frederick of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfield (1750-1806) and Countess Auguste Reuss zu Ebersdorf und Lobenstein (1757-1831). ... His Royal Highness The Prince Edward Augustus, Duke of Kent and Strathearn (2 November 1767 - 23 January 1820) was the fourth son of King George III and the father of Queen Victoria. ... George III redirects here. ...


Albert and his elder brother, Ernest, spent their youth in a close companionship scarred by their parents' turbulent marriage and eventual separation and divorce. Their mother was exiled from court and married, as her second husband, her lover, Alexander von Hanstein, Count of Polzig-Baiersdorf. She probably never saw her children again and died of cancer at the age of 30 in 1831.[3] The following year, their father married his own niece and their cousin, Princess Mary of Württemberg, but the marriage was not close, and Mary had little, if any, input into her stepchildren's lives.[4] Ernst II of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha Ernst II of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (June 21, 1818 – August 22, 1893) was the second sovereign duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. ...


The brothers were educated at first by private tutors and later at the University of Bonn, like many other princes. There Albert studied law, political economy, philosophy, and art history, played music and excelled in gymnastics, especially fencing and riding.[5] His teachers included Fichte and Schlegel.[6] The University of Bonn (German: Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn) is a public research university located in Bonn, Germany. ... Fencing advertisement for the 1900 Summer Olympic Games This article is about the sport, which is distinguished from stage fencing and academic fencing (mensur). ... Immanuel Hermann von Fichte (July 18, 1797 - August 8, 1879), German philosopher, son of J.G. Fichte, was born at Jena. ... August Wilhelm von Schlegel (September 8, 1767 - May 12, 1845), German poet, translator and critic, was born at Hanover, where his father, Johann Adolf Schlegel (1721-1793), was a Lutheran pastor. ...


Marriage

Victoria and Albert in a photo taken in 1854 prior to a Drawing Room ceremony.
Victoria and Albert in a photo taken in 1854 prior to a Drawing Room ceremony.

By 1836, the idea of marriage between Albert and the heir to the British throne, his cousin Princess Victoria of Kent (as she was then titled), had arisen in the mind of their ambitious uncle, Leopold, created King of the Belgians in 1831. Leopold arranged for his sister, Victoria's mother, the Duchess of Kent, to invite the Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and his two sons to visit her in May 1836, with the purpose of meeting Victoria. The visit did not by any means suit Victoria's uncle, William IV, who disapproved of any match with the Coburgs, and favoured Prince Alexander, second son of William II of the Netherlands. Victoria was well-aware of the various matrimonial plans and critically appraised a parade of eligible princes.[7] She wrote of Albert, "[He] is extremely handsome; his hair is about the same colour as mine; his eyes are large and blue, and he has a beautiful nose and a very sweet mouth with fine teeth; but the charm of his countenance is his expression, which is most delightful." Alexander, on the other hand, was "very plain".[8] Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 462 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (754 × 979 pixel, file size: 131 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) This work is in the public domain worldwide. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 462 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (754 × 979 pixel, file size: 131 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) This work is in the public domain worldwide. ... Leopold I of the Belgians (Leopold George Christian Frederick of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, later of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha) (b. ... William IV (William Henry; 21 August 1765 – 20 June 1837) was King of the United Kingdom and of Hanover from 26 June 1830 until his death. ... William II (William Frederick George Louis) (December 6, 1792 – March 17, 1849) was King of the Netherlands and Grand Duke of Luxembourg from October 7, 1840 until his death. ...


Victoria, writing to her uncle Leopold, thanked him "for the prospect of great happiness you have contributed to give me, in the person of dear Albert…He possesses every quality that could be desired to render me perfectly happy."[9] The parties undertook no formal engagement, but the family and their retainers widely assumed that the match would take place.[10]


After Victoria came to the throne on 20 June 1837, her letters show her interest in Albert's education for the part he would have to play though she resisted attempts to rush her into marriage.[11] In the winter of 1838–1839 the prince travelled in Italy, accompanied by the Coburg family's confidential adviser, Baron Stockmar.[12] is the 171st day of the year (172nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Queen Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom (1837 - 1901) 1837 (MDCCCXXXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Freiherr Christian Friedrich von Stockmar (22 August 1787-9 July 1863) was an Anglo-Belgian statesman, born in Coburg of a Swedish family, who was a leading player in the affairs of Victorian England. ...


In October 1839, he and Ernest went again to England to visit the Queen, with the object of finally settling the marriage. Albert and Victoria felt mutual affection and the Queen proposed to him on 15 October 1839.[13] Her intention to marry was declared formally to the Privy Council on 23 November.[14] The couple married on 10 February 1840 at the Chapel Royal, St. James's Palace. Four days before the wedding, his future wife granted Prince Albert the style of Royal Highness by an Order-in-Council[15] and made him a member of the Privy Council. However the British Prime Minister at the time, Lord Melbourne, advised the Queen against granting her husband the title of "King Consort". Parliament even refused to countenance making Albert a peer (unlike Prince George of Denmark, the husband of the future Queen Anne, who had been made Duke of Cumberland by King William III in April 1689) partly because of anti-German feeling and a desire to exclude Albert from any political role.[16] Melbourne led a minority government and the opposition took advantage of the marriage to weaken his position further. They opposed the ennoblement of Albert and granted him a smaller allowance than previous consorts.[17] On the issue of Parliament refusing to grant him a peerage, Albert wrote, "It would almost be step downwards, for as a Duke of Saxony, I feel myself much higher than as a Duke of York or Kent."[18] Although he was formally titled "HRH Prince Albert", he was popularly known as "HRH the Prince Consort" for the next seventeen years. On 29 June 1857, Queen Victoria formally granted him the title Prince Consort by an Order-in-Council.[19] For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... is the 288th day of the year (289th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1839 (MDCCCXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Her Majestys Most Honourable Privy Council is a body of advisors to the British Sovereign. ... is the 327th day of the year (328th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1840 is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Chapel Royal did not originally refer to a building but an establishment in the Royal Household. ... St Jamess Palace and The Mall by Jan Kip, 1715. ... An Order-in-Council is an executive order issued in Commonwealth Realms operating under the Westminster system. ... A prime minister is the most senior minister of cabinet in the executive branch of government in a parliamentary system. ... Arms of Lord Melbourne William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne, PC (15 March 1779–24 November 1848) was a British Whig statesman who served as Home Secretary (1830-1834) and Prime Minister (1834 and 1835-1841), and a mentor of Queen Victoria. ... King consort is a title given in some monarchies to the husband of a Queen regnant. ... For other uses, see Peerage (disambiguation). ... Prince George of Denmark Prince George of Denmark (April 2, 1653 - October 28, 1708) was the Prince consort of Queen Anne of Great Britain. ... Anne (6 February 1665 – 1 August 1714) became Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland on 8 March 1702, succeeding William III of England and II of Scotland. ... Duke of Cumberland is a peerage title that was conferred upon junior members of the British royal family. ... William III of England, II of Scotland and III of Orange (The Hague, 14 November 1650 – Kensington Palace, 8 March 1702) was a Dutch aristocrat, the Prince of Orange from his birth, Stadtholder of the main provinces of the Dutch Republic from 28 June 1672, King of England and King... is the 180th day of the year (181st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1857 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... A prince consort, generally speaking, is the husband of a Queen regnant, unless he himself is a king. ... An Order-in-Council is an executive order issued in Commonwealth Realms operating under the Westminster system. ...


The position in which the prince was placed by his marriage, while one of distinguished honour, also offered considerable difficulties; and during his lifetime the tactful way in which he filled it was inadequately appreciated. The public life of the Prince Consort cannot be separated from that of the Queen, so most of what he accomplished was tied to her accomplishments.

British Royalty
House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Descendants of Victoria & Albert
   Victoria, Princess Royal
   Edward VII
   Princess Alice
   Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg & Gotha
   Princess Helena
   Princess Louise
   Arthur, Duke of Connaught
   Leopold, Duke of Albany
   Princess Beatrice

Nonetheless, he was thought to have undue influence in politics, and the prejudice against him never fully dissipated until after his death. This article is about the monarchy of the United Kingdom, one of sixteen that share a common monarch; for information about this constitutional relationship, see Commonwealth realm; for information on the reigning monarch, see Elizabeth II. For information about other Commonwealth realm monarchies, as well as other relevant articles, see... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links UK_Royal_Coat_of_Arms. ... Queen Victoria redirects here. ... Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (in full Francis Charles Augustus Albert Emmanuel), later The Prince Consort, (26 August 1819 – 14 December 1861) was the husband and consort of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. ... Victoria of the United Kingdom (born Victoria Adelaide Mary Louise) 21 November 1840 – 5 August 1901) was the eldest child and daughter of Queen Victoria and her consort Albert. ... Edward VII (Albert Edward; 9 November 1841 – 6 May 1910) was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, of the British Dominions beyond the Seas, and Emperor of India from 22 January 1901 until his death on 6 May 1910. ... Princess Alice (Alice Maud Mary; later The Grand Duchess of Hesse; April 25, 1843 – December 14, 1878), was a member of the British Royal Family, the third child and second daughter of Queen Victoria. ... Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (Alfred Ernest Albert; 6 August 1844 – 30 July 1900) was the third Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha between 1893 and 1900. ... The Princess Helena, (Helena Augusta Victoria), (25 May 1846 - 9 June 1923), was a member of the British Royal Family, the fifth-born child and the third daughter of Queen Victoria. ... The Princess Louise (Louise Caroline Alberta; Marchioness of Lorne and Duchess of Argyll by marriage; 18 March 1848 – 3 December 1939) was a member of the British Royal Family, the sixth child and fourth daughter of Queen Victoria and her husband, Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. ... Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn (Arthur William Patrick Albert; 1 May 1850 – 16 January 1942) was a member of the British Royal Family, a son of Queen Victoria. ... The Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany (Leopold George Duncan Albert; 7 April 1853 – 28 March 1884) was a member of the British Royal Family, a son of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. ... The Princess Beatrice, (Beatrice Mary Victoria Feodore), (14 April 1857 - 26 October 1944), was a member of the British Royal Family, the fifth daughter and the youngest child of Queen Victoria. ...


Family and public life

Within two months of the marriage, Victoria was pregnant. Albert started to take on public roles, for example becoming President of the Society for the Extinction of Slavery (slavery had been abolished throughout the British Empire already but was still lawful in the United States and the colonies of France), and help Victoria privately with her government paperwork.[20] In June 1840, Albert and the pregnant Victoria were shot at by Edward Oxford, who was later judged insane, while on a public carriage ride. Neither was hurt and Albert was praised in the newspapers for his courage and coolness during the attack.[21] Albert was gaining public support as well as political influence, which showed itself practically when, in August, Parliament passed the Regency Act 1840, which designated him Regent in the event of Victoria's death before their child reached the age of majority.[22] Their first child, Victoria, named after her mother, was born in November. Eight other children would follow over the next seventeen years. Edward Oxford (born Birmingham, 1822; date and place of death unknown) was tried for high treason for attempting to assassinate the British Queen, Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom while she was out riding on Constitution Hill with her husband, Prince Albert. ... The Regency Acts are Acts of the British Parliament passed at various points in time, to provide a regent if the British monarch were to be incapacited or in minority (under the age of 18). ... Regent, from the Latin, a person selected to administer a state because the ruler is a minor or is not present or debilitated. ... Victoria of the United Kingdom (born Victoria Adelaide Mary Louise) 21 November 1840 – 5 August 1901) was the eldest child and daughter of Queen Victoria and her consort Albert. ...


The royal couple were again shot at on 29 and 30 May 1842, but were again unhurt. The culprit, John Francis, was detained and condemned to death, though later reprieved.[23] Some of their early unpopularity came about because of their stiffness and adherence to protocol in public, though in private the couple were more easy-going.[24] In early 1844, Victoria and Albert were apart for the first time since their marriage when he returned to Coburg on the death of his father.[25] May 29 is the 149th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (150th in leap years). ... is the 150th day of the year (151st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1842 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ...


By 1844, Albert had managed the modernization the royal finances and through various economies had sufficient capital to purchase Osborne House on the Isle of Wight as a private residence for their growing family.[26] Over the next few years the original house was demolished and a completely new seaside palace, modelled in the style of an Italianate villa, was built.[27] Osborne House and its grounds are now open to the public Osborne House is a former royal residence in East Cowes, Isle of Wight, England. ... For other uses, see Isle of Wight (disambiguation). ...


As the prince became better known, public distrust began to give way. In 1847, but only after a significantly keen contest with Earl Powis, he was elected chancellor of the University of Cambridge.[28] The following year, Powis was killed accidentally by his own son during a pheasant shoot.[29] Albert used his position to campaign for reformed and more modern university curricula.[30] The University of Cambridge (often Cambridge University), located in Cambridge, England, is the second-oldest university in the English-speaking world and has a reputation as one of the worlds most prestigious universities. ...


Victoria and Albert enjoyed a wet summer holiday in the west of Scotland at Loch Laggan in 1847, but heard from their doctor, Sir James Clark, that his son had enjoyed dry, sunny days further east at Balmoral Castle. The tenant of Balmoral, Sir Robert Gordon, died suddenly in early October, and Albert began negotiations to take over the lease of the castle from the owner, Earl Fife.[31] This article is about the country. ... Loch Laggan is a freshwater loch situated east of Fort William, in Lochaber, Highland, Scotland. ... Balmoral Castle. ... Sir Robert Gordon, GCB, GCH, PC (1791–8 October 1847) was a British diplomat. ... James Duff, 4th Earl Fife, KT, GCH (6 October 1776 – 9 March 1857) was a Scottish nobleman. ...


Revolutions spread throughout Europe in 1848 as the result of a widespread economic crisis. Throughout the year, Victoria and Albert complained about Foreign Secretary Palmerston's independent foreign policy, which they believed destabilized foreign European powers further.[32] Albert was concerned for many of his royal relatives, a number of whom were deposed, and he and Victoria, who gave birth to their daughter Louise during the year, spent some time in the relative safety of Osborne, away from London. Though there were sporadic demonstrations in England, no effective revolutionary action took place, and Albert even gained public acclaim for a speech in which he expressed paternalistic, yet well-meaning and philanthropic, views. "Wealth is an accident of society", he said, those that enjoyed its benefits had a duty to those who were, through accident, deprived of it.[33] In May, Albert purchased the lease for Balmoral, having never visited it, and in September he, his wife and the older children went there for the first time.[34] They came to relish the privacy it afforded. The European Revolutions of 1848, known in some countries as the Spring of Nations or the Year of Revolution, were a revolutionary wave which erupted in Sicily and then, further triggered by the revolutions of 1848 in France, soon spread to the rest of Europe and as far afield as... Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston, KG, GCB, PC (20 October 1784 – 18 October 1865) was a British statesman who served twice as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom in the mid-19th century. ... The Princess Louise (Louise Caroline Alberta; Marchioness of Lorne and Duchess of Argyll by marriage; 18 March 1848 – 3 December 1939) was a member of the British Royal Family, the sixth child and fourth daughter of Queen Victoria and her husband, Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. ...


Great Exhibition of 1851

Prince Albert
Prince Albert

A man of relatively cultured and liberal ideas, Albert not only led reforms in university education, welfare, the royal finances and slavery—he had a special interest in applying science and art to the manufacturing industry. The Great Exhibition of 1851 arose from the annual exhibitions of the Society of Arts, of which Albert was President, and owed the greater part of its success to his intelligent and unwearied efforts to promote it. He had to fight for every stage of the project. In the House of Lords, Lord Brougham denied the right of the crown to hold the exhibition in Hyde Park; in the House of Commons, members prophesied that foreign rogues and revolutionists would overrun England, subvert the morals of the people, filch their trade secrets from them, and destroy their faith and loyalty towards their religion and their sovereign. source: http://www. ... source: http://www. ... The Great Exhibition was an international exhibition held in Hyde Park London, from 1 May to 15 October 1851 and the first in a series of Worlds Fair exhibitions of culture and industry that were to be a popular 19th century feature. ... This article is about the British House of Lords. ... Please wikify (format) this article as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... “Hyde Park” redirects here. ... A trade secret is a formula, practice, process, design, instrument, pattern, or compilation of information used by a business to obtain an advantage over competitors within the same industry or profession. ...


Prince Albert served as president of the Royal Commission for the Exhibition of 1851, and every post brought him abusive letters, accusing him, as a foreigner, of being intent upon the corruption of England. He was not the man to be balked by talk of this kind and quietly persevered, trusting always that bringing the best manufactured products of foreign countries under the eyes of the mechanics and artisans would improve British manufacturing. Royal Commission for the Exhibition of 1851 is an institution founded in 1850 to administer the international exhibition of 1851, officially called the Great Exhibition of the Works of Industry of all Nations, held in The Crystal Palace. ...


The Queen opened the exhibition on 1 May 1851, and it proved a colossal success. The surplus of 186,000 pounds sterling it raised went to purchase land in South Kensington and establish a number of educational and cultural institutions, including what would later be named the Victoria and Albert Museum. This area of London was referred to as "Albertopolis" by sceptics.[35] is the 121st day of the year (122nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1851 (MDCCCLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The junction with Old Brompton Road and Pelham Street, outside South Kensington tube station. ... The Victoria and Albert Museum (often abbreviated as the V&A) in London is the worlds largest and finest museum of decorative arts and design, housing a permanent collection of over 4. ... Albertopolis is a nickname for the area centered around South Kensington, London, between Cromwell Road and Kensington Gore, which contains a large number of educational and cultural sites, including Imperial College London Natural History Museum Royal Albert Hall Royal College of Art Royal College of Music Royal Geographical Society Science...


Other public activities

In 1852, Albert purchased Balmoral, and was appointed to several of the offices left vacant by the death of the Duke of Wellington, which included the mastership of Trinity House and the colonelcy of the Grenadier Guards.[36] With Wellington out of the way, Albert was able to propose and campaign for modernisation of the army, which was long overdue.[37] Thinking that the military was unready for war, and that Christian rule was preferable to Islamic rule, Albert counselled a diplomatic solution to conflict between the Russian and Ottoman empires. Palmerston was more bellicose, favouring a policy which would prevent further Russian expansion. Palmerston was manoeuvred out of the cabinet in December 1853, but at about the same time a Russian fleet attacked the Ottoman fleet at anchor at Sinop. The London press depicted the attack as a criminal massacre, and Palmerston's popularity surged as Albert's fell.[38] Within two weeks, Palmerston was re-appointed as a minister. Absurd rumours circulated that Albert had been arrested for treason as public outrage at the Russian action continued.[39] By March 1854, Britain and Russia were at war. Early British optimism soon faded as the press reported that British troops were ill-equipped and mismanaged by aged generals using out-of-date tactics and strategy. The conflict dragged on as the Russians were as poorly prepared as their opposers. The Prime Minister, the Earl of Aberdeen, resigned and Palmerston succeeded him.[40] A negotiated settlement eventually put an end to the war with the Treaty of Paris (1856). During the war, Albert arranged to marry his fourteen-year-old daughter, Victoria, to Prince Frederick William of Prussia, though Albert delayed the marriage until Victoria was seventeen. Albert hoped that his daughter and son-in-law would be a liberalising influence in the enlarging Prussian state.[41] Italic text His Grace Field Marshal the Most Noble Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, KG, GCB, GCH, PC, FRS (c. ... Trinity House, London (January 2007) A meeting at Trinity House circa 1808 // The Corporation of Trinity House is the official General Lighthouse Authority for England, Wales and other British Territtorial Waters (with the exception of Scotland, Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland). ... The Grenadier Guards is the most senior regiment of the Guards Division of the British Army, and, as such, is the most senior regiment of infantry. ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... The subject of this article was previously also known as Russia. ... Ottoman redirects here. ... The naval Battle of Sinope (or Sinop) occurred on 30 November 1853 at Sinop, a sea port in northern Turkey, when Imperial Russian battleships annihiliated a force of Ottoman Empire frigates. ... Combatants Allies: Second French Empire British Empire Ottoman Empire Kingdom of Sardinia Russian Empire Bulgarian volunteers Casualties 90,000 French 35,000 Turkish 17,500 British 2,194 Sardinian killed, wounded and died of disease ~134,000 killed, wounded and died of disease The Crimean War (1853–1856) was fought... George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen (January 28, 1784 - December 14, 1860) was a Tory politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1852 until 1855. ... The Treaty of Paris of 1856 settled the Crimean War between Russia and Ottoman Empire and its allies France and Britain. ... Frederick III (Frederick William Nicholas Charles; October 18, 1831 – June 15, 1888), (German: Friedrich III., Deutscher Kaiser und König von Preußen) was German Emperor and King of Prussia, ruling for 99 days until his death in 1888. ... For other uses, see Prussia (disambiguation). ...


A commission was set up to investigate the failings of the British military during the war. As Lord Hardinge was delivering the report of the commission to Victoria and Albert, Hardinge collapsed with a stroke. Albert helped him to a sofa, where despite being paralysed on one side, he continued to deliver his report, apologising for the interruption. Hardinge died a few months later.[42] Henry Hardinge, 1st Viscount Hardinge (March 30, 1785 - September 24, 1856), was a British field marshal and governor-general of India. ...


Prince Albert involved himself in promoting many public, educational institutions. Chiefly at meetings in connection with these he found occasion to make the speeches collected and published in 1857. One of his memorable speeches was the address he delivered as president of the British Association for the Advancement of Science when it met at Aberdeen in 1859. His espousal of science spawned opposition from the Church. His proposal of a knighthood for Charles Darwin, after the publication of On the Origin of Species, was rejected.[43] The British Association or the British Association for the Advancement of Science or the BA is a learned society with the object of promoting science, directing general attention to scientific matters, and facilitating intercourse between scientific workers. ... This article is about the Scottish city. ... For other people of the same surname, and places and things named after Charles Darwin, see Darwin. ... The 1859 edition of On the Origin of Species First published in 1859, The Origin of Species (full title On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life) by British naturalist Charles Darwin is one of the pivotal...


The education of his family and the management of his domestic affairs furnished the prince with another very important sphere of action, in which he employed himself with conscientious devotion. He felt keenly the departure of his eldest daughter for Prussia when she married her fiancé at the beginning of 1858,[44] but thought that his intensive educational programme was largely lost on his eldest son, the Prince of Wales.[45] Edward VII (Albert Edward; 9 November 1841 – 6 May 1910) was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, of the British Dominions beyond the Seas, and Emperor of India from 22 January 1901 until his death on 6 May 1910. ...


The estates of the Duchy of Cornwall, the hereditary property of the Prince of Wales, improved so greatly under Albert's stewardship that the rent receipts rose from £11,000 to £50,000 per year. Albert, indeed, had a peculiar talent for the management of landed estates. His model farm at Windsor was in every way worthy of the name; and he designed the layout of the grounds at Balmoral and Osborne House. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article is about the English town. ... Balmoral Castle. ... Osborne House and its grounds are now open to the public Osborne House is a former royal residence in East Cowes, Isle of Wight, England. ...


During a trip to Coburg in the autumn of 1860, Albert was driving alone in a carriage drawn by four horses, which suddenly bolted. As the horses continued to gallop toward a stationary wagon waiting at a railway crossing, Albert jumped for his life from the carriage. One of the horses was killed in the collision, and Albert was badly shaken though his only physical injuries were cuts and bruises. He told his brother and eldest daughter that he sensed his time had come.[46]


In 1861, Victoria's mother and Albert's aunt, the Duchess of Kent, died and Victoria was grief-stricken; Albert took on most of the Queen's duties, despite being ill himself with chronic stomach trouble.[47] In August, Victoria and Albert visited the Curragh Camp, Ireland, where the Prince of Wales was doing army service. It was there that the Prince of Wales was introduced, by his fellow officers, to Nellie Clifden, an Irish actress.[48] Viktoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, Duchess of Kent Marie Luise Viktoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (August 17, 1786 – March 16, 1861) was the daughter of Duke Francis Frederick of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfield (1750-1806) and Countess Auguste Reuss zu Ebersdorf und Lobenstein (1757-1831). ... The Curragh Camp is an army base and military college located in The Curragh, County Kildare, Ireland. ...


Death

Styles of
Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Reference style His Royal Highness
Spoken style Your Royal Highness
Alternative style Sir
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By November, Victoria and Albert had returned to Windsor, and the Prince of Wales had returned to Cambridge, where he was a student. Two of Albert's cousins, King Pedro V of Portugal and Prince Frederick of Portugal both died of typhoid fever.[49] On top of this sad news, Albert was informed of gossip in the London gentlemen's clubs and the foreign press of the Prince of Wales' continued involvement with Nellie Clifden. Albert and Victoria were horrified by their son's indiscretion, and fearful of blackmail or scandal or, worse, pregnancy.[50] Albert was at a low ebb, and almost constantly ill, but during the autumn of 1861 he stayed as busy as ever with the arrangements for the projected international exhibition, and when the Trent Affair, the forcible removal of Confederate envoys from a British ship by Union forces, threatened war between the United States and Britain, Albert intervened quietly to soften the British diplomatic response.[51] On 9 December, one of Albert's doctors, William Jenner, diagnosed typhoid fever, and, congestion of the lungs supervening, he died on 14 December at Windsor Castle.[52] A style of office, or honorific, is a form of address which by tradition or law precedes a reference to a person who holds a title or post, or to the political office itself. ... HRH is an abbreviation for the style His Royal Highness or Her Royal Highness. ... Pedro V, King of Portugal KG (pron. ... For a similar disease with a similar name, see typhus. ... A Gentlemens club is a members club, originally for male members of the English gentry. ... James Murray Mason John Slidell The Trent Affair, also known as the Mason and Slidell Affair, was an international diplomatic incident that occurred during the American Civil War. ... Motto Deo Vindice (Latin: Under God, Our Vindicator) Anthem (none official) God Save the South (unofficial) The Bonnie Blue Flag (unofficial) Dixie (unofficial) Capital Montgomery, Alabama (until May 29, 1861) Richmond, Virginia (May 29, 1861–April 2, 1865) Danville, Virginia (from April 3, 1865) Language(s) English (de facto) Government... In this map:  Union states prohibiting slavery  Union territories  Border states on the Union side which allowed slavery  Kansas, which entered and fought with the Union as a free state after the Bleeding Kansas crisis  The Confederacy  Confederate claimed and sometimes held territories During the American Civil War, the Union... is the 343rd day of the year (344th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Vanity Fair cartoon. ... For a similar disease with a similar name, see typhus. ... is the 348th day of the year (349th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the castle in Windsor. ...


Legacy

The Queen's grief was overwhelming, and the sympathy of the whole nation erased the tepid feelings the public had for him during his lifetime. Queen Victoria wore black mourning for him for the rest of her long life, and his rooms in all his houses were kept as they had been, even with hot water brought in the morning, and linen and towels changed daily.[53] Such practices were not uncommon in the houses of the very rich.[54] Victoria withdrew from public life and her seclusion eroded some of Albert's work in attempting to re-model the monarchy as a national institution setting a moral, if not political, example.[55] Albert is remembered today by some as a figure in a tragic romance, plucked from obscurity to marry a queen (in fact he came from the same family as Queen Victoria and her mother the Duchess of Kent), but who died too soon and was mourned for a lifetime.


The magnificent mausoleum at Frogmore, in which his remains were finally deposited, was paid for by the queen and gifts from various royal relations including the Braganza cousins in Portugal. Many public monuments were erected all over the country, the most notable being the Royal Albert Hall (1867) and the Albert Memorial (1876) in London. His name also lives on in the Queen's institution of the Albert Medal (1866), in reward for gallantry in saving life, and in the Order of Victoria and Albert (1862). Another award struck in his honour is the Albert Medal presented by the RSA. Numerous landmarks are named after Prince Albert from Lake Albert in Africa to the Royal Albert Bridge built by Isambard Kingdom Brunel over the river Tamar. Frogmore or Frogmore House is a former royal residence in England, in the grounds of Windsor Castle, and is the site of the Frogmore Mausoleum containing the grave of Victoria and Albert. ... Albert Hall redirects here. ... The Albert Memorial is situated in Kensington Gardens, London, England, directly to the north of the Royal Albert Hall. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... The Albert Medal for Lifesaving was instituted by Royal Warrant on 7 March 1866 and discontinued in 1971. ... The Royal Order of Victoria and Albert was a British Royal Family Order instituted in 1862 by Queen Victoria. ... The Albert Medal of the Royal Society of Arts was instituted in 1864 as a memorial to Prince Albert, who had been President of the Society for 18 years. ... The Royal Society for the encouragement of Arts, Manufactures and Commerce (RSA) is a British multi-disciplinary institution, based in London. ... For other uses, see Lake Albert (disambiguation). ... For other bridges bearing the name Albert, see Albert Bridge. ... Isambard Kingdom Brunel, FRS (9 April 1806 – 15 September 1859) (IPA: ), was a British engineer. ... The Tamar is a river in south western England, that forms most of the border between Devon (to the east) and Cornwall (to the west). ...


Many credit Prince Albert with introducing the principle that the British Royal Family should remain above politics. Before his marriage to Victoria the Royal Family supported the Whigs; early in her reign Victoria managed to thwart the formation of a Tory government by Sir Robert Peel by refusing to accept substitutions which Peel wanted to make among her ladies-in-waiting. Members of the Royal Family on the balcony of Buckingham Palace after the Trooping the Colour ceremony The British Royal Family is shared between the Commonwealth Realms; this article focuses on the perspective of United Kingdom. ... The Whigs (with the Tories) are often described as one of two political parties in England and later the United Kingdom from the late 17th to the mid 19th centuries. ... For other uses, see Tory (disambiguation). ... This is about the British Prime Minister. ...


Prince Albert is also rightfully credited with advancing the fortunes of his family, the House of Saxe-Coburg Gotha. Through his marriage with his first cousin Victoria, Albert fathered nine children. He had 40 grandchildren, only two of whom were born during his lifetime. Amongst his grandchildren were four reigning monarchs: King George V of the United Kingdom, Kaiser William II of Germany, Ernest Louis, Grand Duke of Hesse, and Carl Eduard, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha itself; as well as Alexandra (ill-fated wife of the last Tsar of Russia). Amongst his great-grandchildren were King Edward VIII of the United Kingdom, King George VI of the United Kingdom, King Olav V of Norway, King Carol II of Romania, three kings of Greece (George II, Alexander I, and King Paul), and Grand Duke Vladimir Cyrillovich, claimant to the throne of Russia. Great-great grandchildren include Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom, King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden, Queen Margrethe II of Denmark, King Peter II of Yugoslavia, and King Juan Carlos I of Spain. Capital Coburg Head of State Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha Saxe-Coburg-Gotha or Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (German: Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha) served as the name of the two German duchies of Saxe-Coburg and Saxe-Gotha in Germany, in the present-day states of Bavaria and Thuringia... Queen Victoria redirects here. ... George V (George Frederick Ernest Albert; 3 June 1865 – 20 January 1936) was the first British monarch belonging to the House of Windsor, which he created from the British branch of the German House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. ... William II or Wilhelm II (born Prince Frederick William Albert Victor of Prussia; German: ) (27 January 1859–4 June 1941) was the last German Emperor and King of Prussia (German: Deutscher Kaiser und König von Preußen), ruling both the German Empire and Prussia from 15 June 1888 to... Ernest Louis Charles Albert William (de: Ernst Ludwig Karl Albert Wilhelm), (25 November 1868-9 October 1937) was the last Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine from 1892 until his abdication in 1918. ... Carl Eduard, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (Charles Edward George Albert Leopold) (19 July 1884 – 28 March 1954) was the last reigning Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha from 30 July 1900 to 14 November 1918. ... Alexandra and her daughters, Olga, Tatiana, Anastasia, and Maria, 1913 Princess Alix of Hesse and by Rhine (German: ) or Saint Alexandra, 6 June 1872 – 17 July 1918, under the title Empress Alexandra Fyodorovna (Russian: ), was Empress consort of the Russian Empire and the wife of Nicholas II of Russia, the... Edward VIII (Edward Albert Christian George Andrew Patrick David; later The Prince Edward, Duke of Windsor; 23 June 1894 – 28 May 1972) was King of Great Britain, Ireland, the British Dominions beyond the Seas, and Emperor of India from the death of his father, George V (1910–36), on 20... George VI (Albert Frederick Arthur George; 14 December 1895 – 6 February 1952) was King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions from 11 December 1936 until his death. ... His Majesty King Olav V (July 2, 1903 - January 17, 1991) reigned as King of Norway from 1957 to 1991. ... Carol II of Romania, (15 October 1893 – 4 April 1953) reigned as King of Romania from June 8, 1930 until September 6, 1940. ... George II, King of the Hellenes (Greek: Γεώργιος Β [Geōrgios] Βασιλεύς των Ελλήνων) (20 July 1890–1 April 1947) ruled Greece from 1922 to 1924 and from 1935 to 1947. ... Alexander of Greece King of Greece Alexander I, King of the Hellenes, ruled Greece from 1917-1920. ... Paul, King of The Hellenes (Greek Παύλος, Βασιλεύς των Ελλήνων, December 14, 1901–March 6, 1964) was King of Greece from 1947 to 1964. ... His Imperial Highness Grand Duke Vladimir Cyrillovich of Russia, Vladimir Kirillovich Romanov (Влад́имир Кир́иллович Ром́анов) (August 30 (N.S.), 1917 - April 21, 1992) was the Head of the Imperial Family of Russia and Titular Emperor and Autocrat of all the Russias from 1938 to his death. ... Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of sixteen sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally. ... Carl XVI Gustaf, King of Sweden (Carl Gustaf Folke Hubertus; born 30 April 1946) is the current Swedish monarch and head of state of the Kingdom of Sweden. ... Margrethe II (Margrethe Alexandrine Þórhildur Ingrid) (born 16 April 1940) is the Queen regnant of Denmark. ... Peter II of Yugoslavia, locally known as Kralj Petar II Karađorđević (Serbian Cyrillic: Краљ Петар II Карађорђевић) (6 September 1923 – 3 November 1970), was the second, as well as the last, King of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. ... Juan Carlos I (baptized as Juan Carlos Alfonso Víctor María de Borbón y Borbón-Dos Sicilias; born January 5, 1938, Rome, Italy) is the reigning King of Spain. ...


Military

Four regiments of the British Army were named for Albert; the first, the 11th (Prince Albert's Own) Hussars, was named for him in March 1840, shortly before he became its colonel. The 13th Foot – later the Somerset Light Infantry – took the honorific of Prince Albert's Light Infantry in 1842, and Prince Albert's Own Leicestershire Regiment of Yeomanry Cavalry was renamed in 1844. The fourth was The Prince Consort's Own Rifle Brigade of which he had been Colonel-in-Chief, which was renamed in memory of him in 1862, shortly after his death. The 11th Hussars (Prince Alberts Own) was a British Army cavalry regiment. ... Allan Francis John Harding, 1st Baron Harding of Petherton. ... The Leicestershire Yeomanry (Prince Alberts Own) was a yeomanry regiment of the British Army, first formed in 1803, which served as a cavalry and dismounted infantry regiment in the First World War and provided two field artillery regiments of the Royal Artillery in the Second World War, before being... The Rifle Brigade (Prince Consorts Own) was a regiment of the British Army. ... In the British and other Commonwealth armies, the Colonel-in-Chief of a regiment is its (usually Royal) patron. ...


He and Queen Victoria showed a keen interest in the establishment and development of Aldershot in Hampshire as a garrison town in the 1850s, having a wooden Royal Pavilion built there which they would often stay in when attending reviews of the army. Albert established and endowed The Prince Consort's Library there, which still exists today. For other uses, see Aldershot (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Hampshire (disambiguation). ... This page is a candidate to be copied to Wiktionary. ... The Prince Consorts Library The Prince Consorts Library in Aldershot Military Town in Hampshire, England was founded by Prince Albert to contribute to the education of soldiers in the British Army. ...


The Prince Albert piercing

The Prince Albert piercing is named for Prince Albert, the claim being that, when wearing the tight trousers that were fashionable at the time, this piercing allowed the penis to be secured to avoid displaying an unsightly bulge. No contemporary evidence supports this claim and it is believed to have been invented by Doug Malloy to give this piercing a spurious heritage. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The penis (plural penises, penes) is an external male sexual organ. ... Richard Simonton, also known under the pseudonym Doug Malloy was a Muzak executive who led a double life as an early pioneer of the contemporary resurgence in body piercing. ...


Titles, styles, honours and arms

Titles and styles

is the 238th day of the year (239th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1819 (MDCCCXIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) in the [[Grhttp://en. ... is the 316th day of the year (317th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The oldest surviving photograph, Nicéphore Niépce, circa 1826 1826 (MDCCCXXVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Ducal Serene Highness is a style used by members of certain ducal families, such as those of Nassau. ... is the 37th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1840 is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... is the 348th day of the year (349th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1861 (MDCCCLXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 180th day of the year (181st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1857 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...

Children

Name Birth Death Notes
The Princess Victoria, Princess Royal 21 November 1840 5 August 1901 married 1858, Frederick III, German Emperor and King of Prussia; had issue
Edward VII 9 November 1841 6 May 1910 married 1863, Princess Alexandra of Denmark; had issue
The Princess Alice 25 April 1843 14 December 1878 married 1862, Ludwig IV, Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine; had issue
The Prince Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Duke of Edinburgh 6 August 1844 31 July 1900 married 1874, Grand Duchess Marie Alexandrovna of Russia; had issue
The Princess Helena 25 May 1846 9 June 1923 married 1866, Prince Christian of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg; had issue
The Princess Louise 18 March 1848 3 December 1939 married 1871, John Douglas Sutherland Campbell, 9th Duke of Argyll; no issue
The Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught 1 May 1850 16 January 1942 married 1879, Princess Louise Margarete of Prussia; had issue
The Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany 7 April 1853 28 March 1884 married 1882, Princess Helena of Waldeck and Pyrmont; had issue
The Princess Beatrice 14 April 1857 26 October 1944 married 1885, Prince Henry of Battenberg; had issue

Victoria of the United Kingdom (born Victoria Adelaide Mary Louise) 21 November 1840 – 5 August 1901) was the eldest child and daughter of Queen Victoria and her consort Albert. ... is the 325th day of the year (326th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1840 is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... is the 217th day of the year (218th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Frederick III (Frederick William Nicholas Charles; October 18, 1831 – June 15, 1888), (German: Friedrich III., Deutscher Kaiser und König von Preußen) was German Emperor and King of Prussia, ruling for 99 days until his death in 1888. ... Edward VII (Albert Edward; 9 November 1841 – 6 May 1910) was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, of the British Dominions beyond the Seas, and Emperor of India from 22 January 1901 until his death on 6 May 1910. ... is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1841 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... is the 126th day of the year (127th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... This page is about the wife of Edward VII of the United Kingdom. ... Princess Alice (Alice Maud Mary; later The Grand Duchess of Hesse; April 25, 1843 – December 14, 1878), was a member of the British Royal Family, the third child and second daughter of Queen Victoria. ... is the 115th day of the year (116th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1843 (MDCCCXLIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 348th day of the year (349th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1878 (MDCCCLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Ludwig IV, Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine Ludwig IV, Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine, K.G. (12 September 1837 in Bessungen, now Darmstadt - 13 March 1892 in Darmstadt), the ruler of the small German grand duchy of Hesse-Darmstadt (Hesse and by Rhine), was the husband... Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (Alfred Ernest Albert; 6 August 1844 – 30 July 1900) was the third Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha between 1893 and 1900. ... is the 218th day of the year (219th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Jan. ... is the 212th day of the year (213th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Äž: For the film, see: 1900 (film). ... Her Imperial & Royal Highness The Duchess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, also Duchess of Edinburgh, née Her Imperial Highness Grand Duchess Marie Alexandrovna of Russia (17 October 1853 – 24 October 1920) was the daughter of the Russian tsar who became the wife of Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh, the second... Her Royal Highness The Princess Helena, (Helena Augusta Victoria), (25 May 1846 - 9 June 1923), was a member of the British Royal Family, the fifth-born child and the third daughter of Queen Victoria. ... is the 145th day of the year (146th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1846 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... is the 160th day of the year (161st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Prince Christian of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg (22 January 1831 - 28 October 1917) was a minor German prince who became a member of the British Royal Family through his marriage to Princess Helena (25 May 1846 - 9 June 1923), the third daughter of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom and... The Princess Louise (Louise Caroline Alberta; Marchioness of Lorne and Duchess of Argyll by marriage; 18 March 1848 – 3 December 1939) was a member of the British Royal Family, the sixth child and fourth daughter of Queen Victoria and her husband, Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. ... is the 77th day of the year (78th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1848 (MDCCCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 337th day of the year (338th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... John George Edward Henry Douglas Sutherland Campbell, 9th Duke of Argyll, usually better known by his courtesy title of Marquess of Lorne, by which he was known before 1900 (August 6, 1845 - May 2, 1914) was Governor General of Canada. ... Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn (Arthur William Patrick Albert; 1 May 1850 – 16 January 1942) was a member of the British Royal Family, a son of Queen Victoria. ... is the 121st day of the year (122nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the game, see: 1850 (board game) 1850 (MDCCCL) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday [1] of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Princess Louise Margaret of Prussia (Louise Margaret Alexandra Victoria Agnes; later Duchess of Connaught and Strathearn; 25 July 1860 - 14 July 1917) was a German princess, and later a member of the British Royal Family, the wife of Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught. ... The Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany (Leopold George Duncan Albert; 7 April 1853 – 28 March 1884) was a member of the British Royal Family, a son of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. ... April 7 is the 97th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (98th in leap years). ... 1853 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... is the 87th day of the year (88th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1884 (MDCCCLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Albany (née Her Serene Highness Princess Helene Friederike Auguste of Waldeck and Pyrmont) (17 February 1861 - 1 September 1922) was the daughter of George Victor of Waldeck-Pyrmont (1831-1893) and his wife Helene Wilhelmine of Nassau-Weilburg (1831-1888) She was born in... The Princess Beatrice, (Beatrice Mary Victoria Feodore), (14 April 1857 - 26 October 1944), was a member of the British Royal Family, the fifth daughter and the youngest child of Queen Victoria. ... is the 104th day of the year (105th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1857 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... is the 299th day of the year (300th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Prince Henry of Battenberg Prince Henry of Battenberg (Colonel Henry Maurice Battenberg, KG, PC) (5 October 1858 – 20 January 1896) was a descendant of the Grand Ducal House of Hesse, and later became a member of the British Royal Family through his marriage to Princess Beatrice, the youngest daughter of...

Ancestry

Portrait of Duke Franz Josias of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld Franz Josias, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (b. ... Ernst Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (b. ... Anna Sophie, Princess of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt (9 September 1700 — 11 December 1780) was a princess of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt. ... Francis, Duke of Saxe-Coburg Saalfeld Franz Frederick Anton, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (b. ... Ferdinand Albert (German Ferdinand Albrecht; 29 May 1680 – 2 September 1735, Salzdahlum), Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, was an officer in the army of the Holy Roman Empire. ... Sofie Antonie of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel (3 January 1724, Wolfenbüttel - 17 March 1802) was the tenth of 17 children of Ferdinand Albert II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg. ... Ernst I of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. ... Heinrich XXIV, Count of Reuss-Ebersdorf (b. ... Auguste Reuss of Ebersdorf as Artemisia, 1775, painted by Johann Heinrich Tischbein, sen. ... Frederick III, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (b. ... Ernest II, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (b. ... Emil Leopold August, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (b. ... Anton Ulrich, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen (b. ... Luise Dorothea Pauline Charlotte Friederike Auguste von Sachsen-Gotha-Altenburg, Herzogin von Sachsen, Princess of Gotha and Altenburg (1800-31), was a German Princess. ... Friedrich Franz I Frederick Francis (Friedrich Franz) I, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (10 December 1756 - 1 February 1837) ruled over the German state of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, first as Duke (1785-1815) and then as Grand Duke (1815-1837). ... Charlotte Sophie, Duchess of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (24 September 1731 — 2 August 1810) was a German duchess. ... Louise Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (November 19, 1779 - January 4, 1801) was a Duchess of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg and maternal grandmother of Prince Consort Albert, husband of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom. ...

See also

Prince Albert
Prince Albert

Image File history File links Albert_of_Saxe-Coburg_and_Gotha_-_Project_Gutenberg_etext_13103. ... Image File history File links Albert_of_Saxe-Coburg_and_Gotha_-_Project_Gutenberg_etext_13103. ... The Albert Memorial is situated in Kensington Gardens, London, England, directly to the north of the Royal Albert Hall. ... This article refers to the servant of Queen Victoria. ... // This is a list of prominent individuals who have been romantically or maritally coupled with a cousin, niece, nephew, aunt or uncle. ... Albert Hall redirects here. ...

References

  1. ^ Queen Victoria was a member of the House of Hanover, as, in general, royal houses are determined patronymically rather than by matrimony.
  2. ^ Weintraub, p.20
  3. ^ Weintraub, pp.25–28
  4. ^ Weintraub, pp.40–41
  5. ^ Weintraub, pp.60–62
  6. ^ Weintraub, pp.56–60
  7. ^ Weintraub, pp.43–49
  8. ^ Victoria quoted in Weintraub, p.49
  9. ^ Weintraub, p.51
  10. ^ Weintraub, pp.53, 58, 64, and 65
  11. ^ Weintraub, p.62
  12. ^ Weintraub, p.67
  13. ^ Weintraub, pp.77–81
  14. ^ Weintraub, p.86
  15. ^ a b Royal Styles and Titles – 1840 Order-in-Council
  16. ^ Weintraub, p.88
  17. ^ Weintraub, pp.8–9 and 89
  18. ^ Quoted in Jagow, Kurt (ed.) The Letters of the Prince Consort, 1831–61 (London, 1938).
  19. ^ a b Royal Styles and Titles – 1857 Order-in-Council
  20. ^ Weintraub, pp.102–105
  21. ^ Weintraub, pp.106–107
  22. ^ Weintraub, p.107
  23. ^ Weintraub, pp.134–135
  24. ^ Weintraub, p.141
  25. ^ Weintraub, p.154
  26. ^ Weintraub, p.158
  27. ^ Weintraub, p.181
  28. ^ Weintraub, pp.182–184
  29. ^ Weintraub, p.186
  30. ^ Weintraub, pp.187 and 207
  31. ^ Weintraub, pp.189–191
  32. ^ Weintraub, pp.193, 212, 214 and 264–265
  33. ^ Weintraub, pp.192–201
  34. ^ Weintraub, pp.203 and 206
  35. ^ Weintraub, p.263
  36. ^ Weintraub, pp.270–274 and 281–282
  37. ^ Weintraub, pp.274–276
  38. ^ Weintraub, pp.288–293
  39. ^ Weintraub, pp.294–302
  40. ^ Weintraub, pp.303–322, 328
  41. ^ Weintraub, pp.326 and 330
  42. ^ Weintraub, p.334
  43. ^ Weintraub, p.232
  44. ^ Weintraub, p.355
  45. ^ Weintraub, p.367
  46. ^ Weintraub, pp.392–393
  47. ^ Weintraub, p.401
  48. ^ Weintraub, p.404
  49. ^ Weintraub, p.405
  50. ^ Weintraub, p.406
  51. ^ Martin, vol. V, pp. 418–426 and Weintraub, pp.408–424
  52. ^ Weintraub, pp.425–431
  53. ^ Weintraub, p.436
  54. ^ Weintraub, p.438
  55. ^ Weintraub, p.441–443

The House of Hanover (the Hanoverians) is a German royal dynasty which has ruled the Duchy of Braunschweig-Lüneburg, the Kingdom of Hanover and the Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. ...

Sources

  • Darby, Elizabeth; Smith, Nicola (1983). The Cult of the Prince Consort Yale. ISBN 0-300-03015-0
  • Jagow, Kurt (ed.) (1938). The Letters of the Prince Consort, 1831–61 London.
  • Martin, Theodore (1874–80). The Life of H. R. H. the Prince Consort 5 volumes, authorized by Queen Victoria
  • Weintraub, Stanley (1997). Albert: Uncrowned King London: John Murray. ISBN 0-7195-5756 9

Sir Theodore Martin (1816 - 1909) was a Scottish poet, biographer, and translator. ... Stanley Weintraub (born 1929) is an American academic and author of histories and biographies. ...

External links

  • The collected compositions of His Royal Highness the Prince Consort, edited by W.G. Cusins; from Sibley Music Library Digital Scores Collection
Albert, Prince Consort
Born: August 26 1819 Died: December 14 1861
British royalty
Preceded by
Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen
as Queen-consort
Prince-consort of the United Kingdom
(officially HRH The Prince Consort since 1857)

1840 – 1861
Succeeded by
Alexandra of Denmark
as Queen-consort
Court offices
Preceded by
Herbert Taylor
Private Secretary to the Sovereign
(unofficial)

1840 – 1861
Succeeded by
Sir Charles Grey
Preceded by
The Marquess of Hertford
Lord Warden of the Stannaries
1842 – 1861
Succeeded by
The Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne
Academic offices
Preceded by
The Duke of Northumberland
Chancellor of the University of Cambridge
1847 – 1861
Succeeded by
The Duke of Devonshire
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Prince Augustus Frederick,
Duke of Sussex
Great Master of the Order of the Bath
1843 – 1861
Vacant
Title next held by
Edward, Prince of Wales
later became King Edward VII
Persondata
NAME Prince Albert
ALTERNATIVE NAMES Emanuel, Francis Augustus Charles Albert Emanuel
SHORT DESCRIPTION Prince Consort of the United Kingdom
DATE OF BIRTH 26 August 1819
PLACE OF BIRTH Rosenau Castle, Coburg
DATE OF DEATH 14 December 1861
PLACE OF DEATH Windsor Castle, Berkshire
is the 238th day of the year (239th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1819 (MDCCCXIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) in the [[Grhttp://en. ... This article is about the city in Germany. ... is the 348th day of the year (349th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1861 (MDCCCLXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... This article is about the castle in Windsor. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Reference.com/Encyclopedia/Albert, Prince Consort (2142 words)
Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (Francis Augustus Charles Albert Emanuel, later HRH The Prince Consort) (26 August 1819 14 December 1861) was the husband and consort of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
Albert was born at Schloss Rosenau near Coburg (formerly in the Duchy of Saxony, now in the state Bavaria, Germany), as the second son of Ernst I, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha and his first wife, Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg.
The Prince Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Duke of Edinburgh
Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2212 words)
Albert and his elder brother, Ernst, spent their youth in a close companionship scarred by their parents' turbulent marriage and eventual separation; their adored mother, exiled from court and barred from seeing her children again due to a sexually active and private affair with a German baron, died young, at age 31, of cancer.
The Prince Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Duke of Edinburgh
The Prince Albert genital piercing is named after Prince Albert, the claim being that men of the time, in order to wear the tight trousers that were fashionable would use the piercing to secure their male appendages in a compact and discreet manner.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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