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Encyclopedia > Alben W. Barkley
Alben W. Barkley
Alben W. Barkley

In office
January 20, 1949 – January 20, 1953
President Harry S. Truman
Preceded by Harry S. Truman
Succeeded by Richard Nixon

In office
March 4, 1927 – January 19, 1949
Preceded by Richard P. Ernst
Succeeded by Garrett L. Withers

Born November 24, 1877(1877-11-24)
Graves County, Kentucky
Died April 30, 1956 (aged 78)
Lexington, Virginia
Political party Democratic
Spouse Jane Hadley Barkley
Religion Methodist

Alben William Barkley (November 24, 1877April 30, 1956) was a Democratic member of the U.S. House of Representatives and the United States Senate from Kentucky, and the thirty-fifth Vice President of the United States. Image File history File links http://bioguide. ... The Vice President of the United States (sometimes referred to as VPOTUS[1] or Veep) is the first in the presidential line of succession, becoming the new President of the United States upon the death, resignation, or removal of the president. ... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other persons named Harry Truman, see Harry Truman (disambiguation). ... For other persons named Harry Truman, see Harry Truman (disambiguation). ... Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1974. ... Type Upper House President of the Senate Richard B. Cheney, R since January 20, 2001 President pro tempore Robert C. Byrd, D since January 4, 2007 Members 100 Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party Last elections November 7, 2006 Meeting place Senate Chamber United States Capitol Washington, DC United States... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Frankfort Largest city Louisville Area  Ranked 37th  - Total 40,444 sq mi (104,749 km²)  - Width 140 miles (225 km)  - Length 379 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... is the 63rd day of the year (64th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 19th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Richard P. Ernst (February 28, 1858 to April 13, 1934) was a U.S. Senator from Kentucky who served from 1921 to 1927. ... Garrett Lee Withers (June 21, 1884 - April 30, 1953), a Democrat, represented Kentucky in the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... is the 328th day of the year (329th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1877 (MDCCCLXXVII) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Graves County is a county located in the U.S. state of Kentucky. ... is the 120th day of the year (121st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Lexington is an independent city within the confines of Rockbridge County in the Commonwealth of Virginia. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... Jane Hadley Barkley is the former Second Lady of the United States and the widow of former Vice President Alben Barkley. ... The Methodist movement is a group of denominations of Protestant Christianity. ... is the 328th day of the year (329th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1877 (MDCCCLXXVII) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... is the 120th day of the year (121st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... Type Bicameral Speaker of the House of Representatives House Majority Leader Nancy Pelosi, (D) since January 4, 2007 Steny Hoyer, (D) since January 4, 2007 House Minority Leader John Boehner, (R) since January 4, 2007 Members 435 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party... Type Upper House President of the Senate Richard B. Cheney, R since January 20, 2001 President pro tempore Robert C. Byrd, D since January 4, 2007 Members 100 Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party Last elections November 7, 2006 Meeting place Senate Chamber United States Capitol Washington, DC United States... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Frankfort Largest city Louisville Area  Ranked 37th  - Total 40,444 sq mi (104,749 km²)  - Width 140 miles (225 km)  - Length 379 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... The Vice President of the United States (sometimes referred to as VPOTUS[1] or Veep) is the first in the presidential line of succession, becoming the new President of the United States upon the death, resignation, or removal of the president. ...

Contents

Early life and career

Barkley in 1913
Barkley in 1913

Barkley was born Willie Alben Barkley in a log cabin near Lowes, Graves County, Kentucky. His parents, John Wilson Barkley and Electra Eliza (Smith) Barkley, were tenant farmers who were very religious. He graduated from Marvin College, in Kentucky in 1897, where he excelled in speech and debate. He attended Emory College, in Georgia. He was a member of Delta Tau Delta Social Fraternity, graduated in 1900, and then attended the University of Virginia Law School. It was during this time that he legally changed his name from "Willie Alben" to "Alben William." Image File history File links Download high resolution version (999x1447, 68 KB) Description Representative Alben Barkley, in 1913. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (999x1447, 68 KB) Description Representative Alben Barkley, in 1913. ... Graves County is a county located in the U.S. state of Kentucky. ... Oxford College is an intimate, two-year residential college specializing in the foundations of liberal arts education, and is one of nine divisions of Emory University. ... The University of Virginia (also called U.Va. ...


Barkley was admitted to the bar in 1901 and commenced practice in Paducah, Kentucky. He was prosecuting attorney for McCracken County from 1905 to 1909 and judge of McCracken County Court from 1909 to 1913. He built a reputation as a progressive who sided with the farmers more than the townspeople. His energetic, folksy campaigning and strong oratorical skills made him a power in the local Democratic party, as he defeated three opponents in the 1912 primary and won the Congressional election. Paducah is a city in McCracken County, Kentucky at the confluence of the Tennessee River and the Ohio River. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. ...


Congressional career

Button from Barkley's 1944 campaign for Senate
Button from Barkley's 1944 campaign for Senate

Image File history File links 1944barkley. ... Image File history File links 1944barkley. ... Ralph Naders campaign in the State of Hawaii during the fateful 2000 Presidential Election Campaign buttons are used in a election as political advertising for the candidate or political party, or to proclaim the issues that are part of the political platform. ...

House of Representatives

Barkley was elected to the Sixty-third and to the six succeeding Congresses (1913 - 1927) representing Kentucky's 1st district in the U.S. House of Representatives. He gained statewide stature by leading the anti-gambling crusade and his racist remarks against certain ethnic minorities in cooperation with Protestant ministers. Barkley nearly secured the Democratic gubernatorial nomination in 1923, and he built a base that carried the Democratic primary for Senate in 1926. Type Bicameral Houses Senate House of Representatives President of the Senate President pro tempore Dick Cheney, (R) since January 20, 2001 Robert C. Byrd, (D) since January 4, 2007 Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi, (D) since January 4, 2007 Members 535 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political... The 1st congressional district of Kentucky United States House of Representatives, Kentucky District 1 is a district of the United States Congress in Western Kentucky. ... The House of Representatives is the larger of two houses that make up the U.S. Congress, the other being the United States Senate. ... This box:      Racism has many definitions, the most common and widely accepted is that members of one race are intrinsically superior or inferior to members of other races. ... In sociology and in voting theory, a minority is a sub-group that is outnumbered by persons who do not belong to it. ...


Senate

Barkley was first elected to the United States Senate in 1926; he would be reelected in 1932, 1938, and again in 1944. Type Upper House President of the Senate Richard B. Cheney, R since January 20, 2001 President pro tempore Robert C. Byrd, D since January 4, 2007 Members 100 Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party Last elections November 7, 2006 Meeting place Senate Chamber United States Capitol Washington, DC United States... Results -- Republican holds in light red, pickups in dark red, Democratic holds in light blue, pickups in dark blue The U.S. Senate election, 1926 was an election for the United States Senate which occurred in the middle of Republican President Calvin Coolidges second term. ... Results -- Republican holds in light red, pickups in dark red, Democratic holds in light blue, pickups in dark blue The U.S. Senate election, 1932 was an election for the United States Senate which coincided with Democrat Franklin Delano Roosevelts crushing defeat of incumbent Herbert Hoover in the presidential... Results -- Republican holds in light red, pickups in dark red, Democratic holds in light blue, pickups in dark blue The U.S. Senate election, 1938 was an election for the United States Senate which occurred in the middle of Franklin Delano Roosevelts second term. ... Results -- Republican holds in light red, pickups in dark red, Democratic holds in light blue, pickups in dark blue The U.S. Senate election, 1944 was an election for the United States Senate which coincided with the reelection of Franklin Delano Roosevelt to his fourth term as President. ...


In 1937 he defeated Pat Harrison of Mississippi in a 38-37 vote to become Senate Majority Leader, by stressing his loyalty to Franklin D. Roosevelt, particularly in regards to the Court Packing incident of 1937. His most critical election came in the 1938 primary when he defended the New Deal against conservative Governor Albert B. "Happy" Chandler. After a bitter campaign, Barkley won with 56% of the vote, drawing his support from farmers and workers, while the middle class voted against him. Bryon Patton Pat Harrison (August 29, 1881 - June 22, 1941) was a Mississippi politician who served as a Democrat in the United States House of Representatives from 1911 to 1919 and in the United States Senate from 1919 until his death. ... A Senate Majority Leader is a politician within a Senate who leads the majority party, or majority coalition, of sitting senators. ... FDR redirects here. ... The Judiciary Reorganization Bill of 1937, frequently called the Court-packing Bill, was a law proposed by United States President Franklin Roosevelt. ... The New Deal was the title President Franklin D. Roosevelt gave to the series of programs he initiated between 1933 and 1938 with the goal of providing relief, recovery, and reform (3 Rs) to the people and economy of the United States during the Great Depression. ... Albert Benjamin Happy Chandler, Sr. ...


He was Senate majority leader from 1937 to 1947 and minority leader from 1947 to 1949. He broke with Roosevelt in 1944 on tax issues. When Roosevelt vetoed a tax bill because the rates were too low, Barkley resigned his leadership position, and called for an over-ride. The veto was overridden and Barkley was unanimously returned as Majority Leader, clearly demonstrating that he, not the President, controlled the Senate. The Senate Majority Leader is a member of the United States Senate who is elected by the party conference which holds the majority in the Senate to serve as the chief Senate spokesman for his or her party and to manage and schedule the legislative and executive business of the... The Senate Minority Leader is a member of the United States Senate who is elected by his or her party conference to serve as the chief Senate spokesmen for his or her party and to manage and schedule the legislative and executive business of the Senate. ...


Vice President

He was elected Vice President on the Democratic ticket with President Harry S. Truman in 1948 and was inaugurated January 20, 1949. He was 71 years old at the time of his election and inauguration, the oldest vice president to date. For other persons named Harry Truman, see Harry Truman (disambiguation). ...


In 1949, he returned to his alma mater, Emory University, to receive an LL.D. degree and deliver the commencement address, an occasion which became the first Emory event ever televised. Later that year, he received the Congressional Gold Medal. Emory University is a private university located in the metropolitan area of the city of Atlanta and in western unincorporated DeKalb County, Georgia, United States. ... Congressional Gold Medal presented to Navajo Code talkers in 2000 The Congressional Gold Medal should not be confused with the Medal of Honor (commonly called the Congressional Medal of Honor), which is also awarded by Congress, but only to military members as the highest military decoration of the United States. ...


Also in his first year Vice President, Barkley became the only vice president to marry while in office. At the age of 71, he married a widow half his age, capturing national attention.

Campaigning via whistle stop train tour in 1948: Harry S. Truman, Harley Orrin Staggers, and Alben Barkley.
Campaigning via whistle stop train tour in 1948: Harry S. Truman, Harley Orrin Staggers, and Alben Barkley.

Image File history File links Staggers-truman1948. ... Image File history File links Staggers-truman1948. ... President Harry S. Truman at the mic, left Harley O. Staggers & Alben W. Barkley. ... President Harry S. Truman at the mic, left Harley O. Staggers & Alben W. Barkley. ...

1952 Presidential campaign

Truman gave up his reelection campaign in 1952 after losing the New Hampshire primary, opening the way for Barkley, who wanted to run. Rumors that the President was unsure of Illinois Governor Adlai Stevenson and other candidates were reported by the press. But powerful union leaders felt him too old, at 74, for the nomination. He later withdrew from consideration.[1] The New Hampshire primary is the first of a number of statewide political party primary elections held in the United States every four years, as part of the process of the Democratic and Republican parties choosing their candidate for the presidential elections on the subsequent November. ... Adlai Ewing Stevenson II (February 5, 1900 – July 14, 1965) was an American politician, noted for intellectual demeanor and advocacy of liberal causes in the Democratic party. ...


This is in marked contrast to later Vice Presidents, the majority of whom have succeeded to or at least campaigned hard for the presidency (the exceptions are Spiro Agnew, Nelson Rockefeller, Dan Quayle and Dick Cheney). Barkley's own withdrawal created a wide open race in both parties the likes of which would not be seen again until 2008. Ultimately, the nominees were Stevenson and former General Dwight Eisenhower, with Eisenhower winning the 1952 Presidential election. Spiro Theodore Agnew (November 9, 1918 – September 17, 1996) was the thirty-ninth Vice President of the United States serving under President Richard M. Nixon, and the fifty-fifth Governor of Maryland. ... Nelson Aldrich Rockefeller (July 8, 1908 – January 26, 1979) was an American Vice President, governor of New York State, philanthropist and businessman. ... James Danforth Dan Quayle (born February 4, 1947) was the forty-fourth Vice President of the United States under George H. W. Bush (1989–1993). ... Richard Bruce Dick Cheney (born January 30, 1941), is the 46th and current Vice President of the United States, serving under President George W. Bush. ... Dwight David Ike Eisenhower (October 14, 1890–March 28, 1969), American soldier and politician, was the 34th President of the United States (1953–1961) and supreme commander of the Allied forces in Europe during World War II, with the rank of General of the Army. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ...


Return to the Senate

He was again elected to the United States Senate and served from 1955 until his death the following year of a heart attack while giving a speech at the 1956 Mock Convention held at Washington and Lee University in Lexington, Virginia. He died moments after declaring, "I would rather be a servant in the House of the Lord than to sit in the seats of the mighty." He was interred in Mount Kenton Cemetery, on Lone Oak Road, near Paducah, Kentucky. In his honor, the award-winning debating society at Emory University was renamed the Barkley Forum in 1950. Lake Barkley, a man-made lake on the Cumberland River at the Kentucky-Tennessee border, and Barkley Dam at the same lake, are also named in his honor. Acute myocardial infarction (AMI or MI), more commonly known as a heart attack, is a disease state that occurs when the blood supply to a part of the heart is interrupted. ... Washington and Lee University is a private liberal arts college in Lexington, Virginia. ... Lexington is an independent city within the confines of Rockbridge County in the Commonwealth of Virginia. ... Emory University is a private university located in the metropolitan area of the city of Atlanta and in western unincorporated DeKalb County, Georgia, United States. ... The Barkley Forum, named after Emory alumnus and former United States Vice-President Alben W. Barkley, is the intercollegiate debate and forensics organization at Emory University. ... Lake Barkley, a man-made lake in Kentucky and Tennessee, was impounded by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers in 1966 upon the completion of Barkley Dam. ... The Cumberland River is an important waterway in the southern United States. ...


Trivia

According to comedian George Burns in his book All My Best Friends, the topic of "Vice-President Barkley's vacation" was invoked by a circle of entertainers which included Jack Benny, George Jessel, Groucho Marx, and Eddie Cantor when they wanted to avoid being critical of each other or when they didn't want to admit that they hadn't seen or heard each other's recent performances (pp. 177-178). Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... George Burns[1], born Nathan Birnbaum (January 20, 1896 – March 9, 1996), was an American comedian and actor. ... Jack Benny (February 14, 1894 in Chicago, Illinois – December 26, 1974 in Beverly Hills, California), born Benjamin Kubelsky, was an American comedian, vaudeville performer, and radio, television, and film actor. ... Sir George Jessel - English Jurist George Jessel (actor) - American actor This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... “Groucho” redirects here. ... One of 12 Eddie Cantor caricatures by Frederick J. Garner for a 1933 Brown & Bigelow advertising card set. ...


Barkley was also known for removing his shirt during intense Senate sessions more times than any other Senator in history. Type Upper House President of the Senate Richard B. Cheney, R since January 20, 2001 President pro tempore Robert C. Byrd, D since January 4, 2007 Members 100 Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party Last elections November 7, 2006 Meeting place Senate Chamber United States Capitol Washington, DC United States...


Electoral history

Barkley visits Buchenwald, shortly after its liberation by American forces.

1944 Kentucky United States Senatorial Election Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Slave laborers in the Buchenwald concentration camp (Elie Wiesel is second row, seventh from left). ...

Alben W. Barkley (D) (inc.) 54.8%
James Park (R) 44.9%

1938 Kentucky United States Senatorial Election

Alben W. Barkley (D) (inc.) 62%
John P. Haswell (R) 38%

1932 Kentucky United States Senatorial Election

Alben W. Barkley (D) (inc.) 59.2%
M.H. Thatcher (R) 40.5%

1926 Kentucky United States Senatorial Election

Alben W. Barkley (D) 51.8%
Richard P. Ernst (R) (inc.) 48.2%

Richard P. Ernst (February 28, 1858 to April 13, 1934) was a U.S. Senator from Kentucky who served from 1921 to 1927. ...

References

Primary sources

  • Alben Barkley, That Reminds Me (Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1954), autobiography
  • Jane R. Barkley, I Married the Veep (New York: Vanguard, 1958), memoir

Secondary sources

  • Davis, Polly. "Court Reform and Alben W. Barkley's Election as Majority Leader". Southern Quarterly 1976 15(1): 15-31.
  • Davis, Polly Ann. "Alben W. Barkley's Public Career in 1944". Filson Club History Quarterly 1977 51(2): 143-157.
  • Hixson, Walter L. "The 1938 Kentucky Senate Election: Alben W. Barkley, 'Happy' Chandler, and the New Deal". Register of the Kentucky Historical Society 1982 80(3): 309-329.
  • Libbey, James K. Dear Alben: Mr. Barkley of Kentucky (1979), 110 page biography
  • Libbey, James K. "Alben Barkley's Rise from Courthouse to Congress" Register of the Kentucky Historical Society (2000) 98(3): 261-278.
  • Robinson, George W. "Alben Barkley and the 1944 Tax Veto". Register of the Kentucky Historical Society (1969) 67(3): 197-210.
  • Sexton, Robert F. "The Crusade Against Pari-mutuel Gambling in Kentucky: a Study of Southern Progressivism in the 1920's" Filson Club History Quarterly 1976 50(1): 47-57.

Footnotes

  1. ^ "Alben W. Barkley", Mark O. Hatfield, with the Senate Historical Office. Vice Presidents of the United States, 1789-1993 (Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1997), pp. 423-429.

Mark Odom Hatfield (born July 12, 1922) is an American politician from Oregon. ... The logotype of the United States Government Printing Office In the United States, the Government Printing Office (GPO) provides printed (and now electronic) copies of documents produced by and for all federal agencies, including the Supreme Court, the Congress, and all executive branch agencies like the FCC and EPA. Court...

External links

Preceded by
Ollie M. James
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Kentucky's 1st congressional district

19131927
Succeeded by
William Voris Gregory
Preceded by
Richard P. Ernst
United States Senator (Class 3) from Kentucky
19271949
Served alongside: Frederic M. Sackett, John M. Robsion,
Ben M. Williamson, Marvel M. Logan, A.B. "Happy" Chandler I, William A. Stanfill, John Sherman Cooper
Succeeded by
Garrett L. Withers
Preceded by
Joseph T. Robinson
Senate Majority Leader
19371947
Succeeded by
Wallace H. White Jr.
Preceded by
Wallace H. White Jr.
Senate Minority Leader
19471949
Succeeded by
Kenneth S. Wherry
Preceded by
Harry S. Truman
Democratic Party Vice Presidential candidate
1948 (won)
Succeeded by
John Sparkman
Vice President of the United States
January 20, 1949January 20, 1953
Succeeded by
Richard Nixon
Preceded by
John Sherman Cooper
United States Senator (Class 2) from Kentucky
19551956
Served alongside: Earle C. Clements
Succeeded by
Robert Humphreys
Persondata
NAME Barkley, Alben W.
ALTERNATIVE NAMES
SHORT DESCRIPTION Vice President of the United States
DATE OF BIRTH November 24, 1877
PLACE OF BIRTH Graves County, Kentucky
DATE OF DEATH 1956-4-30
PLACE OF DEATH Lexington, Virginia

 
 

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