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Encyclopedia > Albay

Albay is a province of the Philippines located in the Bicol Region in Luzon. Its capital is Legazpi City and the province borders the Camarines Sur to the north and Sorsogon to the south. Also to the northeast is Lagonoy Gulf leading to the Philippine Sea, and to the southwest is Burias Pass. Map of the Philippines showing the regions and provinces (click for larger version). ... Bicol Region or Bicolandia is one of the 16 regions of the Philippines occupying the Bicol Peninsula at the southeastern end of Luzon island and some other islands. ... Map of the Philippines showing the island groups of Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. ... The City of Legazpi (Bikol: Ciudad nin Legazpi; Filipino: Lungsod ng Legazpi) is a first class city in the province of Albay, Philippines. ... Camarines Sur is a province of the Philippines located in the Bicol Region in Luzon. ... Sorsogon is a province of the Philippines located in the Bicol Region in Luzon. ... Lagonoy Gulf is a large gulf in the southeastern part of Luzon island, Philippines, at . ... The Philippine Sea is a part of the western Pacific Ocean bordered by the Philippines and Taiwan to the west, Japan to the north, the Marianas to the east and Palau to the south. ...

REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
Province of Albay
Region: Bicol Region (Region V)
Capital: Legazpi City
Founded: March 10, 1917
Population:
2000 census—1,090,907 (22nd largest)
Density—427 per km² (10th highest)
Area: 2,552.6 km² (26th smallest)
Languages: Bikol, Tagalog
Governor: Joey Sarte Salceda (2007-2010)
Image:Ph_locator_map_albay.png

Mayon Volcano is the symbol most associated with the province. This nearly perfectly-shaped active volcano forms a scenic backdrop to the capital city of Legazpi 15 kilometers to the south. Image File history File links Provincial seal of Albay, Philippines. ... Map of the Philippines showing the regions and their provinces (click for larger version). ... Bicol Region or Bicolandia is one of the 16 regions of the Philippines occupying the Bicol Peninsula at the southeastern end of Luzon island and some other islands. ... The City of Legazpi (Bikol: Ciudad nin Legazpi; Filipino: Lungsod ng Legazpi) is a first class city in the province of Albay, Philippines. ... March 10 is the 69th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (70th in leap years). ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar (see: 1917 Julian calendar). ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Other countries Politics Portal      A city (lungsod, sometimes siyudad, in Filipino and Tagalog) is a tier of local... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Other countries Politics Portal      A city (lungsod, sometimes siyudad, in Filipino and Tagalog) is a tier of local... A municipality (bayan, sometimes munisipalidad, in Filipino) is a local government unit in the Philippines. ... A barangay (Tagalog: baranggay , pronounced as ba-rang-gai, gai as in guy), also known by its former name, the barrio, is the smallest local government unit in the Philippines and is the native Filipino term for a village, district or ward. ... Type Lower house Houses House of Representatives House Speaker Jose De Venecia, Jr. ... Bicolano or Bikol is an Austronesian language used in the Philippines particularly on the Bicol Peninsula on the island of Luzon. ... Tagalog (pronunciation: ) is one of the major languages of the Republic of the Philippines. ... Joey Sarte Salceda (born October 26, 1961) is three-year term representative of the Third District of Albay and was appointed as Presidential Chief of Staff on February 10, 2007 after the resignation of Michael Defensor. ... Image File history File links Map of the Philippines showing the location of Albay. ... Map showing major volcanoes of the Philippines Mayon Volcano is an active volcano in the Philippines on the island of Luzon, in the province of Albay in the Bicol Region. ... For other uses, see Volcano (disambiguation). ...

Contents

People and culture

Population. Based on the May 2000 census, Albay has a total population of 1,090,907, which makes it the 22nd most populous province in the country. There are 208,640 households in the province with an average size of 5.22 persons, significantly higher than the national average of 4.99.


Languages. Bikol is the primary language spoken in Albay, being a part of the Bicol Region. There are other dialects spoken in the province, however, such as Bicolano Viejo, Daragueño, Legazpeño or Albayanon, Oasnon and others. The dialects spoken in the coastal areas of the province are similar to that spoken in Camarines Sur while those further inland are similar to each other but differs significantly from the coastal dialect. Majority of the inhabitants also understand Tagalog and English. Bicolano or Bikol is an Austronesian language used in the Philippines particularly on the Bicol Peninsula on the island of Luzon. ... Tagalog (pronunciation: ) is one of the major languages of the Republic of the Philippines. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ...


Economy

Traditional industries. Agriculture is the main industry in Albay, which produces such crops as coconut, rice, sugar, and abacá. Handicrafts is the major source of rural income. It continuous to provide fairly large share in the small-scale industries of the province. Forestry and papermaking are another source of livelihood. The manufacture of abacá products such as Manila hemp, hats, bags, mats, and slippers is one of the main sources of income in the rural areas. Fishing is also done along both shores of the province. Tourism, primarily because of Mayon Volcano, also draws income for Albay. Binomial name Cocos nucifera L. For other uses, see Coconut (disambiguation). ... Species Oryza glaberrima Oryza sativa Brown basmati rice Terrace of paddy fields in Yunnan Province, southern China. ... Magnification of grains of sugar, showing their monoclinic hemihedral crystalline structure. ... Binomial name Musa textilis Née Abacá, from Spanish abacá, pronounced (ah buh KAH), (Musa textilis) is a species of banana native to the Philippines, grown widely as well in Borneo and Sumatra. ... A decidous beech forest in Slovenia. ... Chinese court official Cai Lun achieved a break-through improvement in papermaking process. ... Manila hemp, also known as manilla, is a type of fiber obtained from the leaves of the abaca (Musa textilis), a relative of the banana. ... Fishing is the activity of hunting for fish by hooking, trapping, or gathering. ... č “Tourist” redirects here. ... Map showing major volcanoes of the Philippines Mayon Volcano is an active volcano in the Philippines on the island of Luzon, in the province of Albay in the Bicol Region. ...


Heavy manufacturing industries. Of the total 6,369 manufacturing establishments of varied sizes in the Bicol Region, 48.6% are located in Albay. Bicol's largest industrial sites are in Albay: Tiwi and Manito boast geothermal energy plants, Camalig has the Goodfound Cement Factory, Daraga has its Isarog Pulp and Paper Company, Legazpi City has Bicol Hair, and Legaspi Oil Company and two other large coconut oil milling plants, making Albay top foreign currency earner this part of Luzon. [1] Bicol Region or Bicolandia is one of the 16 regions of the Philippines occupying the Bicol Peninsula at the southeastern end of Luzon island and some other islands. ...


Transportation. Albay is also the region's principal transshipment point with its ports: Tabaco International, Legazpi National, Pio Duran Provincial, and the Pantao Regional Port (under construction in 2003). Legazpi City also has its own domestic airport which hopes to serve international flights in the near future. Legazpi Airport serves as Bicol's gateway to Manila and the Visayas. Legazpi Airport (IATA airport code: LGP, ICAO airport code: RPLP) in the Philippines is a major airport in the Bicol Region, serving the vicinity of Legazpi City in Albay. ...


History

Pre Spanish Colonialism

Albay and its surrounding areas were known as Ibalon when Juan de Salcedo and 120 soldiers explored it in 1573. Sawangan, a small settlement by a mangrove swamp, became a town called Albay bay (which means “by the bay”) in 1616. The town was first renamed Albay, then Legazpi, as Albay went on to refer to the province. Juan de Salcedo (b. ... Year 1573 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... Year 1616 (MDCXVI) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ...


Spanish Colonialism

In 1846, the islands of Masbate, Ticao, and Burias were separated from Albay to form the comandancia of Masbate. Albay was then divided into four districts: Iraya, Cordillera or Tobacco, Sorsogon, and Catanduanes. In 1894, Sorsogon became a separate province and Catanduanes in 1945. The province of Albay itself was created on March 10, 1917. 1846 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Masbate is an island province of the Philippines located in the Bicol Region. ... Ticao Island is one of the three major islands of Masbate Province in the Philippines. ... Burias Island is one of the three major islands of Masbate Province in the Philippines. ... 1894 (MDCCCXCIV) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Sorsogon is a province of the Philippines located in the Bicol Region in Luzon. ... Catanduanes is an island province of the Philippines located in the Bicol Region in Luzon. ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday. ... March 10 is the 69th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (70th in leap years). ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar (see: 1917 Julian calendar). ...


In 1649, the natives rebelled against their recruitment to Cavite to build galleons. In 1814, Mayon Volcano erupted, killing 1,200 people and burying the town of Cagsawa. During the early 19th century, abacá hemp for shipping rope became a source of wealth. // Events January 30 - King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland is beheaded. ... w:This article is about the province of Cavite. ... Year 1814 (MDCCCXIV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... Map showing major volcanoes of the Philippines Mayon Volcano is an active volcano in the Philippines on the island of Luzon, in the province of Albay in the Bicol Region. ... Manila hemp, also known as manilla, is a type of fiber obtained from the leaves of the abaca (Musa textilis), a relative of the banana. ...


Geography

Albay has a total land area of 2,552.6 square kilometers, which makes it the 26th smallest province. Most of Albay is located on mainland Bicol Peninsula and it has four major islands to the east: Rapu-Rapu, Batan (part of Rapu-Rapu), Cagraray (part of Bacacay), and San Miguel (part of Tabaco City). Bicol Region is one of the regions of the Philippines occupying the Bicol Peninsula at the southeastern end of Luzon island. ...


Lagonoy Gulf borders the province to the northeast, separating it from the province of Catanduanes. Burias Island in the province Masbate can be found to the southwest across Burias Pass. Lagonoy Gulf is a large gulf in the southeastern part of Luzon island, Philippines, at . ... Catanduanes is an island province of the Philippines located in the Bicol Region in Luzon. ... Burias Island is one of the three major islands of Masbate Province in the Philippines. ... Masbate is an island province of the Philippines located in the Bicol Region. ...


The province is generally mountainous with scattered fertile plains and valleys. Mayon Volcano, standing at around 2460 meters, is the most famous landform in Albay, and in the whole of Bicol, in fact. This active volcano is nearly perfectly-shaped and is considered by many to be more beautiful than Mt. Fuji in Japan. Other mountains and volcanoes in the province are Catburawan, Masaraga, Malinao, and Pantao. Map showing major volcanoes of the Philippines Mayon Volcano is an active volcano in the Philippines on the island of Luzon, in the province of Albay in the Bicol Region. ... Bicol Region or Bicolandia is one of the 16 regions of the Philippines occupying the Bicol Peninsula at the southeastern end of Luzon island and some other islands. ... Mount Fuji (富士山 Fuji-san, IPA: [ɸuʝisaɴ]) is the highest mountain on the island of Honshu and indeed in all of Japan. ...


Political

Albay is subdivided into 15 municipalities and 3 cities. Three of them, Tiwi, Daraga, and Legazpi City are classified as 1st class cities/municipalities. Before being converted into a city in March 2001, Tabaco City used to be a first class municipality. A municipality (bayan, sometimes munisipalidad, in Filipino) is a local government unit in the Philippines. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Other countries Politics Portal      A city (lungsod, sometimes siyudad, in Filipino and Tagalog) is a tier of local... Tiwi is a 1st class municipality in the province of Albay, Philippines. ... Daraga is a 1st class municipality in the province of Albay, Philippines. ... The City of Legazpi (Bikol: Ciudad nin Legazpi; Filipino: Lungsod ng Legazpi) is a first class city in the province of Albay, Philippines. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

City/Municipality No. of
Barangays
Area
(km²)
Population
(2000)
Mayor
(2007-2010)
Bacacay
Camalig
Daraga
Guinobatan
Jovellar
Legazpi City
70
Noel E. Rosal
Libon
Ligao City
Malilipot
Malinao
Manito
Oas
Pio Duran
18.21
8,412
Polangui
Rapu-Rapu
Santo Domingo
Tabaco City
Tiwi

Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Other countries Politics Portal      A city (lungsod, sometimes siyudad, in Filipino and Tagalog) is a tier of local... A municipality (bayan, sometimes munisipalidad, in Filipino) is a local government unit in the Philippines. ... A barangay is the smallest local government unit in the Philippines and is very similar to a village. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Bacacay is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Albay, Philippines. ... Camalig is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Albay, Philippines. ... Daraga is a 1st class municipality in the province of Albay, Philippines. ... Guinobatan is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Albay, Philippines. ... Jovellar is a municipality in Albay province, Philippines. ... The City of Legazpi (Bikol: Ciudad nin Legazpi; Filipino: Lungsod ng Legazpi) is a first class city in the province of Albay, Philippines. ... Libon is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Albay, Philippines. ... Ligao City is a 4th class city in the province of Albay, Philippines. ... Malilipot is a 4th class municipality in the province of Albay, Philippines. ... Malinao is a 4th class municipality in the province of Albay, Philippines. ... Manito is a 4th class municipality in the province of Albay, Philippines. ... Oas is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Albay, Philippines. ... Pio Duran is a 4th class municipality in the province of Albay, Philippines. ... Polangui is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Albay, Philippines. ... Rapu-rapu is a 4th class municipality in the province of Albay, Philippines. ... Santo Domingo is a 4th class municipality in the province of Albay, Philippines. ... Tabaco City is a 4th class city in the province of Albay, Philippines. ... Tiwi is a 1st class municipality in the province of Albay, Philippines. ...

External links

  • goBicol: Online Bicolano Community
  • Albay.com.ph: The Albayano Online Community
  • Legazpi City Website (Official)
  • www.bicolanoes.com
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  Results from FactBites:
 
Basic Facts-Albay Province (1213 words)
From Manila, Albay is approximately 13 to 13.5 degrees north latitude and 123.25 to 124.25 degrees east longtitude.
It is bounded by Lagonoy Gulf and the province of Camarines Sur in the northwest, the Pacific Ocean in the east, the Province of Sorsogon in the south, and the Burias Pass in the southeast.
Albay is a major supplier of geothermal energy to the Luzon Grid with its Tiwi Geothermal Plant in Tiwi, Albay with an energy generating capacity of 330 megawatts and the Bacon-Manito (BacMan) Geothermal Plant at the boundaries of Manito, Albay and Bacon, Sorsogon with an energy generating capacity of 210 megawatts.
Albay (530 words)
Albay is a province of the Philippines located in the Bicol Region in Luzon.
Albay is subdivided into 15 municipalities and 3 cities.
Albay and its surrounding areas were known as Ibalon when Juan de Salcedo[?] and 120 soldiers explored it in 1573.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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