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Encyclopedia > Albanians in southern Serbia

There is an Albanian minority living in Central Serbia. They mainly live in the municipalities of Preševo (Albanian: Preshevë), and Bujanovac (Albanian: Bujanoc), as well as in the part of the municipality of Medveđa (Albanian: Medvegjë). The term Serbia proper is often used in English to refer to the part of Serbia that lies outside the northern and southern autonomous provinces of Kosovo and Vojvodina. ... PreÅ¡evo (Serbian: PreÅ¡evo or Прешево, Albanian: Preshevë or Presheva) is a town and municipality in Pčinja District of Central Serbia, Serbia and Montenegro, bordering the Republic of Macedonia, with Kosovos mountainous frontier in the visible western distance. ... Bujanovac (Бујановац) is a town and municipality in Pčinja District of Serbia, in south-eastern Serbia and Montenegro, situated in the PreÅ¡evo valley and close to the eastern extreme of Kosovo. ... MedveÄ‘a (Медвеђа) is a town and municipality in Jablanica District of Serbia, Serbia and Montenegro. ...

Contents

Geography

In the municipalities of Preševo and Bujanovac Albanians form the majority of population (89.85% in Preševo and 60.09% in Bujanovac according to the 1991 census). In the municipality of Medveđa, Albanians are second largest ethnic group (after Serbs), and their participation in this municipality was 28.67% in 1991 and 26.17% in 2002. PreÅ¡evo (Serbian: PreÅ¡evo or Прешево, Albanian: Preshevë or Presheva) is a town and municipality in Pčinja District of Central Serbia, Serbia and Montenegro, bordering the Republic of Macedonia, with Kosovos mountainous frontier in the visible western distance. ... Bujanovac (Бујановац) is a town and municipality in Pčinja District of Serbia, in south-eastern Serbia and Montenegro, situated in the PreÅ¡evo valley and close to the eastern extreme of Kosovo. ... Serbs (Serbian: Срби, Srbi) are a South Slavic people who live mainly in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and, to a lesser extent, in Croatia. ...


Some Albanians still referr to the region of those three municipalities as Eastern Kosovo (in Albanian: Kosova Lindore). But the region of Bujanovac and Preševo is widely known as the Preševo Valley (Albanian: Lugina e Preshevës, Serbian: Preševska Dolina). The PreÅ¡evo Valley is a geographical region in the far south of Serbia and Montenegro, in Serbias Pčinja District, at the eastern border crossing with the Republic of Macedonia, now commonly used to avoid entrance into Kosovo. ...


History

In 1992, the Albananians of the area organized a referendum in which they voted that Preševo, Medveđa and Bujanovac should join Kosovo. Between 1999 and 2001, an ethnic Albanian guerilla organization, the "Liberation Army of Preševo In Albanian UÇK(Ushtria Çlirimtare e Kosovës) , Medveđa and Bujanovac ", was operational in this region with a goal to secede these three municipalities from Yugoslavia and join them to Kosovo. The activities attracted less international media interest than the related events of Kosovo and Macedonia. The Liberation Army of PreÅ¡evo, MedveÄ‘a and Bujanovac (Albanian: Ushtria Çlirimtare e Preshevës, Medvegjës dhe Bujanovcit - UCPMB) was a guerrilla group fighting for independence from Serbia for the three municipalities: PreÅ¡evo, MedveÄ‘a and Bujanovac, home to most of the Albanians of inner Serbia, adjacent... For other uses of the name Kosovo, see Kosovo (disambiguation). ...


Culture

Education in Albanian is provided for primary and secondary schools. There may be some university-level courses provided in Albanian, in the capital of Serbia, Belgrade, but students mainly do their university degree in University of Prishtina, Kosovo, in Macedonia, or in Albania's Universities. . Belgrade (Serbian: Београд or Beograd  ) is the capital and largest city of Serbia. ... University logo University of Prishtina (Albanian: Universiteti i Prishtinës, Serbian: Univerzitet u PriÅ¡tini) was opened in 1970 in Prishtina, the capital of southern Serbian province of Kosovo. ...


Culture-wise Albanians living in this region are closely related to Albanians in Kosovo. Interestengly, their language dialect is Tosk and not Gheg as of Albanians in Kosovo. Albanians in Kosovo in 1991 The Albanians are the largest ethnic group in Kosovo. ... Tosk may refer to several things: Tosk, a dialect of Albanian. ... Geg is a northern Albanian dialect. ... Albanians in Kosovo in 1991 The Albanians are the largest ethnic group in Kosovo. ...


The main religion of Albanians in this region is Islam. For other uses, including people named Islam, see Islam (disambiguation). ...


Prominent individuals

  • Riza Halimi, a politician, the former mayor of Preševo municipality.
  • Jonuz Musliu, head of the UCPMB political wing.
  • Skender Destani, pediatrician, leader of the Democratic Union of the Preševo Valley (DUD).

The Liberation Army of Preševo, Medveđa and Bujanovac (Albanian: Ushtria Çlirimtare e Preshevës, Medvegjës dhe Bujanovcit - UCPMB) was a guerrilla group fighting for independence from Serbia for the three municipalities: Preševo, Medveđa and Bujanovac, home to most of the Albanians of inner Serbia, adjacent...

See also


 
 

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