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Encyclopedia > Alan Villiers

Captain Alan John Murray Villiers (1903-1982); Author, Adventurer, Photographer and Master Mariner. Born in Melbourne, Australia, first went to sea at 15 and sailed all the world's oceans on board traditionally rigged vessels including the fully rigged ship Joseph Conrad. Author of 25 books and former Chairman of the Society for Nautical Research, a Trustee of the National Maritime Museum, and Governor of the Cutty Sark Preservation Society. He was awarded the British Distinguished Service Cross as a Commander in the Royal Naval Reserve during World War II. 1903 has the latest occurring solstices and equinoxes for 400 years, because the Gregorian calendar hasnt had a leap year for seven years or a century leap year since 1600. ... 1982 is a number and represents a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar Events January January 6 - William Bonin is convicted of being the freeway killer. January 8 - AT&T agrees to divest itself of twenty-two subdivisions January 11 - Mark Thatcher, son of the British Prime... The word author has several meanings: The author of a book, story, article or the like, is the person who has written it (or is writing it). ... Lens and mounting of a large format camera Photography is the process of making pictures by means of the action of light. ... Master Mariner is the official title of someone qualified to command a ship; the qualification is colloquially called a Masters Ticket. The term was introduced in the mid 19th century, and is usually held by the chief officer/first mate as well as the captain). ... Melbourne is the capital and largest city of the state of Victoria, and the second largest city in Australia, with a population of 3,488,750 in the Melbourne metropolitan area (census 2001 [1]) and 52,117 in the City of Melbourne (which covers only the central city area). ... Sunset at sea Wiktionary has a definition of: Sea Wiktionary has a definition of: maritime A sea is a large expanse of saline water connected with an ocean, or a large, usually saline, lake that lacks a natural outlet such as the Caspian Sea and the Dead Sea. ... This article is about the rigging of ships, and is based on the detailed article in the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica, now in the public domain. ... A full rigged ship or fully rigged ship is a square rigged sailing vessel with three or more masts, all of them square rigged. ... Categories: Stub | Museum ships ... The National Maritime Museum, Greenwich The National Maritime Museum (NMM) is the leading maritime museum of the United Kingdom, and one of the most important in the world. ... The Cutty Sark in its dry dock at Greenwich The Cutty Sark was, in 1869, one of the last sailing clippers to be built, and she is the only classic clipper still surviving. ... The Distinguished Service Cross is a military decoration awarded to personnel of the Royal Navy (United Kingdom), and formerly also to officers of the navies of other Commonwealth countries, for gallant or distinguished conduct during enemy actions. ... Commander is a military rank used in many navies but not generally in armies or air forces. ... The Royal Naval Reserve (RNR) is the volunteer reserve force of the Royal Navy in the United Kingdom. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ...

Cdr Alan Villiers, RNR
Contents

1 Books
2 External Links
Cdr Alan Villers during WW II The copyright status of this old image is undetermined; it may still be copyrighted. ... Cdr Alan Villers during WW II The copyright status of this old image is undetermined; it may still be copyrighted. ...

Early History

Born in 1903, the second son of Australian poet and union leader Leon Joseph Villiers, the young Villiers grew up on the docks watching the merchant ships come in and out of the Port of Melbourne and longed for the day in which he too could sail grandly out to sea. 1903 has the latest occurring solstices and equinoxes for 400 years, because the Gregorian calendar hasnt had a leap year for seven years or a century leap year since 1600. ... Cargo ship or freighter is any sort of ship that carries goods and materials from one port to another. ... The Port of Melbourne is Australias largest port for containerised and general cargo. ... A sail is a surface intended to generate thrust by being placed in a wind; basically it is a vertically oriented wing. ... Sunset at sea Wiktionary has a definition of: Sea Wiktionary has a definition of: maritime A sea is a large expanse of saline water connected with an ocean, or a large, usually saline, lake that lacks a natural outlet such as the Caspian Sea and the Dead Sea. ...


Leaving home at the age of 15, he joined the barque Rothesay Bay as an appretice which operated in the Tasman Sea trading between Australia and New Zealand. Villiers was a natural seaman with salt water in his veins and he quickly learned the ropes and gained the respect of his shipmates. A barque, sometimes spelled bark, originally referred to a particular type of ship-rigged sailing vessel with a plain bluff bow and a full stern with windows. ... The Tasman Sea is the large body of water between Australia and New Zealand and is a south-western segment of the South Pacific Ocean. ...


An accident on board the barque Lawhill beached the eager Villiers in 1922, by then a seasoned AB, and he sought employment at the Hobart Mercury newspaper in Tasmania as a journalist as he nursed his wounds. 1922 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Categories: Newspaper stubs | Australian newspapers | Hobart ... Motto: Ubertas et Fidelitas (Fertility and Faithfulness) Nickname: The Apple Isle Other Australian states and territories Capital Hobart Government Governor Premier Const. ... A journalist is a person who practices journalism, the gathering and dissemination of information about current events, trends, issues and people. ...


Writer and Adventurer

The call of the sea was strong and soon Villiers was back at sea when the whaling factory ship Sir James Clark Ross and five whale chasers in tow came calling in late 1923. His accounts of the trip would eventually be published as Whaling in the Frozen South. Named for the discoverer of the Ross Sea in Antarctica, James Clark Ross, the Ross was the largest whale factory ship in the world, weighing in at 12,000 tons and heading for the Ross Sea, the last whale stronghold left. Villers writes "We had caught 228, most of them blues, the biggest over 100 feet long. These yielded 17,000 barrels of oil; we had hoped for at least 40,000, with luck 60,000." The crew of the oceanographic research vessel Princesse Alice, of Albert Grimaldi (later Prince Albert I of Monaco) pose while flensing a catch Whaling is the hunting and killing of whales. ... 1923 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Map of Antarctica (click to enlarge) Ice in the Ross Sea, Antarctica The Ross Sea is a deep bay of the Southern Ocean in Antarctica between Victoria Land and Marie Byrd Land. ... Sir James Clark Ross (April 15, 1800 – April 3, 1862), was a British naval officer and explorer. ...


Villiers' passage onboard the Herzogin Cecile in 1927 would result in Falmouth for Orders and introduce him to the de Cloux family who would later become his partners in the barque Parma. By Way of Cape Horn came as a result of his harrowing account onboard the Grace Harwar in 1929. 1927 was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... In the common law, a partnership is a type of business entity in which partners share with each other the profits or losses of the business undertaking in which they have all invested. ... 1929 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


The three masted barque Grace Harwar was a beautiful ship as the "wind in her rigging called imperiously as she lay at the pier at Wallaroo". Yet as Villiers stood on the dock, a burly wharf laborer warned "Don't ship out in her! She's a killer." The warning would prove true as Villers' friend Ronald Walker would be lost by the time Grace Harwar made Ireland. More than 40 years old at the time, barnacles and algae grew along her waterline. "Dirty bottoms make slow ships, and slow ships make hard passages." But Villiers here showed an early desire that would continue throughout his life to document the great sailing ships before it was too late and Grace was one of the last working full-riggers. With a small ill paid crew and no need for coal, such vessels undercut steam ships and maybe 20 ships were still involved in the trade. The ill fated voyage took 138 days, the Grace the last of the fleet for the year but the experiences would net some 6,000 feet of film and many of the great images we have of the period. Orders Ascothoracica Acrothoracica Thoracica Rhizocephala A barnacle is a type of arthropod belonging to infraclass Cirripedia in the subphylum Crustacea and is hence distantly related to crabs and lobsters. ... The algae (singular alga) comprise several different groups of living things that produce energy through photosynthesis. ... Coal is a fossil fuel extracted from the ground either by underground mining, open-pit mining or strip mining. ... Paddle steamers - Lucerne-Switzerland Left: original paddlewheel from a paddle steamer on the lake of Lucerne. ...


Ship Owner and Circumnavigator

The View along the Main Deck of Parma.

Villiers would reunite with the de Cloux family in 1931, becoming a partner with them in the four masted barque Parma. Continuing in the grain trade, he would prove to be a able shiphandler, winning the unofficial "grain race" between the ships of the trade, arriving in 103 days despite broaching in a gale in 1932. In 1933, she made it in 83 days]]. Alan Villiers; The View along the Main Deck of Parma The copyright status of this old image is undetermined; it may still be copyrighted. ... Alan Villiers; The View along the Main Deck of Parma The copyright status of this old image is undetermined; it may still be copyrighted. ... 1931 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... Cereal crops are mostly grasses cultivated for their edible seeds (actually a fruit called a grain, technically a caryopsis). ... 1932 is a leap year starting on a Friday. ... 1933 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Selling his shares back to the de Cloux family, Villiers would then go on to purchase the Georg Stage in 1934. A fully rigged sailing ship of 400 tons. Originally built in 1882 by Burmeister & Wain, København, Denmark, she was employed as a sailing school ship by Stiftelsen Georg Stages Minde. 1934 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... A full rigged ship or fully rigged ship is a square rigged sailing vessel with three or more masts, all of them square rigged. ... 1882 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... City nickname: none Location in Denmark Area  - Total  - Water 526 km² xxx km² xx% Population  - City (2004)  - Metropolitan  - Density 502,204 1,116,979 954/km2 [including water] xxx/km2 [land only] Time zone Eastern: UTC+1 Latitude Longitude 55°43 N 12°34 W Copenhagen (Danish: København) is... A school ship is a ship used for the training of students as sailors. ...


Saving her from the scap yard, Villiers would rename her the Joseph Conrad after the accomplished seaman and author of such nautical favorites as The Nigger of the 'Narcissus', Typhoon, and The Shadow-Line Categories: Stub | Museum ships ... Joseph Conrad Joseph Conrad (December 3, 1857 – August 3, 1924) was a Polish-born British novelist. ... In Joseph Conrads The Nigger of the Narcissus (1897), the Narcissus is a merchant ship sailing from Bombay to London. ...


A sail training pioneer, Villiers would circumnavigate the globe with a an amateur crew, using the unique environment of the sea to build character and discipline in his young crew, and with his contemporaries Irving and Exy Johnson, help form the concept of modern sail training as a tool not to teach youth for a life at sea, but to use the sea to teach youth for life. Sail training in the modern sense is a development of the manning methods of sailing ship operators at the start of the 20th Century. ... To circumnavigate a place, such as an island, a continent, or the Earth, is to travel all the way around it by boat or ship. ... The voyages of Captain Irving (1905-1991) and Electa ‘Exy’ (1909-2004) Johnson aboard Yankee are well known, especially their seven times around the world with youth crew. ...


Returning almost 2 years later, Villiers would sell the Joseph Conrad to George Huntington Hartford and publish two books of their adventures, The Cruise of the "Conrad" and Stormalong. The Joseph Conrad can be found today at Mystic Seaport in Mystic, Connecticut where she continues to educate the youth of today of the rich history of the age of sail as a museum ship. George Huntington Hartford (1833-1917) founded The Great Atlantic and Pacific Tea Company in 1859 with George Gilman. ... Mystic Seaport is a maritime museum in Mystic, Connecticut. ... A coffeeshop along Main Street in Mystic Mystic is a census-designated place located in New London County, Connecticut. ... A museum ship, or sometimes memorial ship, is an old ship that has been preserved and converted into a museum open to the public. ...


World War II

Enlarge
A LCI(L) during the Invasion of Sicily - 1943

With the outbreak of World War II, Villiers was commissioned as a Lieutenant in the Royal Naval Reserve in 1940. He jumped in running, serving in Operation Dynamo at Dunkirk as Stukas dived in on the weary troops and the vessels charged with evacuating them across the Channel Landing Craft Infantry (Large) #196 near Scoglitti, Sicily, Italy - 1943-07-11 - US Naval Historical Center From this page: http://www. ... Landing Craft Infantry (Large) #196 near Scoglitti, Sicily, Italy - 1943-07-11 - US Naval Historical Center From this page: http://www. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... A Lieutenant is a military, paramilitary or police officer. ... The Royal Naval Reserve (RNR) is the volunteer reserve force of the Royal Navy in the United Kingdom. ... 1940 was a leap year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... During [[World War II]], Operation Dynamo was the name given to the evacuation from Dunkirk conducted from 27 May to 4 June 1940. ... The Battle of Dunkirk (French: Bataille de Dunkerque) was a major battle during World War II which lasted from around May 26 to June 4, 1940. ... Junkers Ju 87 Dive-Bombers The Junkers Ju 87 or Stuka was the most famous Sturzkampfflugzeug (German dive bomber) in World War II, instantly recognisable by its inverted gull-wings and fixed undercarriage. ... The English Channel ( French:La Manche) is the part of the Atlantic Ocean that separates the island of Great Britain from northern France, and joins the North Sea to the Atlantic Ocean. ...


He soon found himself assigned to a convoy 24 of LCI(L)'s, or Landing craft, Infantry (Large). Ordered to deliver them across the Atlantic with a 40 percent loss rate expected, Villiers got all but one safely across. He would go on to see action on commanding "flights" of LCI(L)'s on D-Day in the Battle of Normandy, the Invasion of Sicily, and the Burma Campaign in the Pacific. Landing craft Rapière A landing craft is a type of boat used to convey infantry and vehicles on to a shore during an assault from sea to land. ... The Atlantic Ocean is Earths second-largest ocean, covering approximately one-fifth of its surface. ... Land on Normandy In military parlance, D-Day is a term often used to denote the day on which a combat attack or operation is to be initiated. ... The Battle of Normandy was fought in 1944 between the German forces occupying Western Europe and the invading Allied forces. ... Husky was also the codename of Australian military support to Sierra Leone ending in February 2003. ... The Burma Campaign was a campaign in the South_East Asian Theatre of World War II. Command Structure Initially command problems beset the Burma campaign. ... The Pacific Ocean (from the Latin name Mare Pacificum, peaceful sea, bestowed upon it by the Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan) is the worlds largest body of water. ...


By the end of the War, Villiers had been promoted to Commander and awarded the British Distinguished Service Cross and made a Commander of the Portuguese Order of St. James of the Sword for his gallant conduct. Commander is a military rank used in many navies but not generally in armies or air forces. ... The Distinguished Service Cross is a military decoration awarded to personnel of the Royal Navy (United Kingdom), and formerly also to officers of the navies of other Commonwealth countries, for gallant or distinguished conduct during enemy actions. ...


Later Years

Married in 1940 to Nancy Villiers, the Villiers settled in Oxford, England and continued to be active in sailing and writing. He Captained the Mayflower II in her 1957 maiden voyage across the Atlantic, 337 years after the original Mayflower, and beating her predecessor's record of 67 days by 13 days. He has been involved in almost every large historical sailing ship still in existence including the Balclutha, the USCGC Eagle, the Falls of Clyde, the Gazela, the Sagres and would also prove instrumental in the restoration of the Star of India. He was also involved in the creation of the replica of the HM Bark Endeavour and advised on the 1962 MGM movie Mutiny on the Bounty. 1940 was a leap year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Oxford is a city and local government district in Oxfordshire, England, with a population of 134,248 (2001 census). ... Royal motto: Dieu et mon droit (French: God and my right) Englands location within the UK Official language English de facto Capital London de facto Largest city London Area  - Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population  - Total (2001)  - Density Ranked 1st UK 49,138,831 377/km² Religion... 1957 was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Mayflower was the ship which transported the Pilgrim Fathers from Plymouth, England to North Virginia (in what was later to become the United States of America) in 1620, leaving Plymouth on September 6 and dropping anchor near Cape Cod on November 11. ... Balclutha at her mooring Balclutha is a steel-hulled squared rigged sailing ship, built in 1886. ... USCGC Eagle under sail The USCGC Eagle (ex Horst Wessel) is a three masted barque serving as a school ship for the United States Coast Guard. ... For other uses of the term Falls of Clyde, see the disambiguation page. ... The article is about the ship known as Star of India. For other items of the same name, please see disambiguation at Star of India. ... Endeavour replica in Cooktown harbour HM Bark Endeavour was originally a small merchant collier named Earl of Pembroke, built in Whitby, North Yorkshire. ... The mutineers turning Lt Bligh and some of the officers and crew adrift from HMAV Bounty, 29 April 1789 The Mutiny on the Bounty was a historical event in the late 18th century, most widely known through fiction, of an officer and part of the crew of a British Royal...


Villiers would also serve as Chairman of the Society for Nautical Research, a Trustee of the National Maritime Museum, and Governor of the Cutty Sark Preservation Society before his death in 1982. The National Maritime Museum, Greenwich The National Maritime Museum (NMM) is the leading maritime museum of the United Kingdom, and one of the most important in the world. ... The Cutty Sark in its dry dock at Greenwich The Cutty Sark was, in 1869, one of the last sailing clippers to be built, and she is the only classic clipper still surviving. ...


Books

  • Alan Villiers; Falmouth for Orders (1929 Henry Holt and Company)
  • Alan Villiers; By way of Cape Horn (1930 Charles Scribner's Sons)
  • Alan Villiers; Sea Dogs of Today (1931 Henry Holt & Company)
  • Alan Villiers; Vanished Fleets (1931 Charles Scribner's Sons, ISBN 0684141124)
  • Alan Villiers; Grain Race (1933 Charles Scribner's Sons)
  • Alan Villiers; Last of the Wind Ships (1934 George Routledge)
  • Alan Villiers; The Sea in Ships (1934 William Morrow and Co)
  • Alan Villiers; Cruise of the Conrad (1937 Charles Scribner's Sons)
  • Alan Villiers; Whalers of the Midnight Sun (1947 Charles Scribner's Sons)
  • Alan Villiers; The Set of the Sails (1949 Hodder and Staughton)
  • Alan Villiers; The Quest of the Schooner Argus (1951 Charles Scribner's Sons)
  • Alan Villiers; Monsoon Seas (1952 McGraw Hill)
  • Alan Villiers; The Way of a Ship (1953 Charles Scribner's Sons)
  • Alan Villiers; Sailing Eagle (1955 Charles Scribner's Sons)
  • Alan Villiers; Wild Ocean (1957 McGraw Hill)
  • Alan Villiers; Give me a ship to sail (1959 Charles Scribner's Sons)
  • Alan Villiers; Of Ships and Men (1962 Newnes)
  • Alan Villiers; Oceans of the World (1963 Museum Press Ltd.)
  • Alan Villiers; Captain Cook (1967 Penguin books)
  • Alan Villiers; The War with Cape Horn (1971 Pan Books Ltd., ISBN 0330236970)
  • Alan Villiers and Henri Picard; The Bounty Ships of France (1972 Charles Scribner's Sons, ISBN 0684131846)
  • Alan Villiers; Men Ships and the Sea (1973 National Geographic Society, ISBN 0870440187)
  • Alan Villiers; Posted Missing (1974 Charles Scribner's Sons, ISBN 0684138719)

1929 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1930 is a common year starting on Wednesday. ... 1931 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... 1931 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... 1933 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1934 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1934 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1937 was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1947 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1949 is a common year starting on Saturday. ... 1951 was a common year starting on Monday; see its calendar. ... 1952 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1953 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... 1955 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1957 was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1959 was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1962 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1963 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1967 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1971 is a common year starting on Friday (click for link to calendar). ... 1972 was a leap year that started on a Saturday. ... 1973 was a common year starting on Monday. ... 1974 is a common year starting on Tuesday (click on link for calendar). ...

External Links

  • National Maritime Museum (http://www.nmm.ac.uk/server/show/conWebDoc.9544) archive of Centenary exhibit and bio
  • National Library of Australia (http://nla.gov.au/nla.ms-ms6388) Papers of Alan Villiers
  • João Aldeia's (http://www.geocities.com/j.aldeia/barcos/alanvilliers.htm) personal webpage of Alan Villiers (in Portugese)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Mayflower II - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (233 words)
The ship made the 1957 voyage under the command of Alan Villiers.
Afterwards, Villiers and his crew received a ticker-tape parade in New York City.
The ship is seaworthy and has made voyages to Providence, Rhode Island, as recently as 2002.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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