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Encyclopedia > Alan Smithee

Alan Smithee, Allen Smithee, Alan Smythee, and Adam Smithee are pseudonyms used between 1968 and 1999 by Hollywood film directors who wanted to be dissociated from a film for which they no longer wanted credit. It was used when the director could prove to the satisfaction of a panel of members of the Directors Guild of America (DGA) and Association of Motion Picture and Television Producers that the film had been wrested from his or her creative control. The director was also required to keep the reason for the disavowal a secret. The pseudonym could not be used to hide a director's failures. A pseudonym (Greek pseudo + -onym: false name) is an artificial, fictitious name, also known as an alias, used by an individual as an alternative to a persons true name. ... // October 30 - The film The Lion in Winter, starring Katharine Hepburn, debuts. ... // April 17 - Star Wars fans begin lining up at movie theaters in Westwood and Hollywood to buy tickets for Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace. ... ... The film director, on the right, gives last minute direction to the cast and crew, whilst filming a costume drama on location in London. ... DGA Headquarters in Hollywood, California Directors Guild of America (DGA) is the labor union which represents the interests of film and television directors in the United States motion picture industry. ...

Contents

Origin

The first known movie to use the Smithee pseudonym was Death of a Gunfighter (1969). During its filming, Richard Widmark was unhappy with director Robert Totten. He arranged to have Totten replaced by Don Siegel. When the film was finished, neither Totten nor Siegel wanted to be credited with the result. At first, it was decided that the credit should go to Al Smith, but the DGA reported there had already been a director by that name. The DGA decided the film could carry the pseudonym "Allen Smithee." The film was praised by critics, with The New York Times commenting that the film was "sharply directed by Allen Smithee who has an adroit facility for scanning faces and extracting sharp background detail." [1] Death of a Gunfighter is a 1969 Western movie, it is most notable for the first use of the Allen Smithee directorial credit. ... Richard Widmark in Kiss of Death Richard Widmark (born December 26, 1914 in Sunrise, Minnesota) is an Academy Award-nominated American film actor. ... Don Siegel (October 26, 1912 - April 20, 1991) was an influential American film director. ... The New York Times is a newspaper published in New York City by Arthur Ochs Sulzberger Jr. ...


Prolific career

The name Smithee was used extensively in television and film; Smithee took the direction credit for episodes of well-known series, including the pilot for the action-adventure series MacGyver. Jud Taylor twice used the pseudonym, for the TV movies Fade-In (also known as Iron Cowboy) (1968) with Burt Reynolds and City in Fear (1980) with David Janssen. Taylor commented on its use when the DGA's Robert B. Aldrich Achievement Award was awarded to "Smithee": MacGyver is a Canadian-produced American adventure television series about a laid-back, extremely resourceful secret agent, played by Richard Dean Anderson. ... Jud Taylor (born February 25, 1940) is an American actor and television director. ... See also: 1967 in television, other events of 1968, 1969 in television and the list of years in television. For the American network television schedule, please see 1968-69 American network television schedule. ... Burt Reynolds (born Burton Leon Reynolds Jr. ... This is a list of television-related events in 1980. ... David Janssen David Harold Meyer (March 27, 1931 - February 13, 1980), better known as David Janssen, was an American film and television actor who is best-known for his role as Dr. Richard Kimble in the television series The Fugitive (ABC,1963-1967). ... Robert Aldrich (August 9, 1918 – December 5, 1983) was a United States film director, writer and producer notable for a number of films including What Ever Happened to Baby Jane?, Hush, Hush, Sweet Charlotte, and The Dirty Dozen. ...

"I had a couple of problems in my career having to do with editing and not having the contractually-required number of days in the editing room that my agent couldn't resolve. So, I went to the Guild and said, 'This is what's going on.' The Guild went to bat for me. I got Alan Smithee on them both. It was a signal to the industry from a creative rights point of view that the shows had been tampered with." Film editing is the connecting of one or more shots to form a sequence, and the subsequent connecting of sequences to form an entire movie. ...

Smithee has also been credited with works in other genres, such as the music video for Whitney Houston's cover song "I Will Always Love You" from the soundtrack for The Bodyguard. The Destiny's Child music video for "Lose My Breath" is also attributed to Smithee, as are the guitar credits on the 2005 William Hung CD, Miracle: Happy Summer from William Hung. Look up genre in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A music video is a short film or video that accompanies a complete piece of music, most commonly a song. ... Whitney Houston (born on August 9, 1963) is a Grammy and Emmy Award winning American R&B/pop singer, actress, former fashion model, record and movie producer. ... In pop music a cover version is a new rendition of a previously recorded song. ... // In film formats, the sound track is the physical area of the film which records the synchronized sound. ... For other uses, see The Bodyguard (disambiguation). ... Destinys Child is a Grammy Award-winning American R&B girl group. ... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


Although the pseudonym was intended for use by directors, the 1981 film Student Bodies credited Allen Smithee as producer in place of the actual producer, Michael Ritchie. The film's director, Mickey Rose, was credited by his own name rather than a pseudonym. Student Bodies is a 1981 horror-comedy written and directed by Mickey Rose. ... Michael Ritchie (November 28, 1938 - April 16, 2001) was an American film director Michael Ritchie is also the name of an English college student in East Sussex who is famous for writing three novels for teenagers about teenage life. ...


Outside films, several 1995 comics involving the superhero Daredevil were attributed to the writing of Alan Smithee. Writer DG Chichester took a five-issue break from the series after issue #332, and used this lead time to work on the issues that would print upon his return. A new editor took over the Daredevil line, and did not want Chichester to continue work on the series. Chichester himself was not informed of this directly, but caught wind of the edict nonetheless. Chichester was still obligated to complete issues #338–342; in protest, he insisted on being credited Alan Smithee. His name would not appear in a Daredevil book until #380, the last issue of the first volume of the series. This article is about the Marvel Comics superhero. ... This article is about the Marvel Comics superhero. ...


DGA replaces the practice

In 1997, the comedy An Alan Smithee Film: Burn Hollywood Burn was released, in which a director wants to disown a film but cannot because his real name is Alan Smithee. The publicity around this movie, and especially around the fact that director Arthur Hiller asked for and got an Alan Smithee credit for it (based on how the film was edited, not as a gimmick), made the Directors Guild decide to discontinue using the Alan Smithee credit. This is a list of film-related events in 1997. ... Airplane! is considered by some critics to be one of the funniest movies of all time. ... An Alan Smithee Film Burn Hollywood Burn (though the onscreen title is simply Burn Hollywood Burn) was made in 1997 and released in 1998. ... Arthur Hiller (born November 22, Canadian film maker. ...


Another affair that may have played a role in the discontinuance of the pseudonym had to do with the release of American History X, where director Tony Kaye asked for a Smithee, but did not get it because he had publicly attacked the movie. Kaye later sued the Guild over its decision. American History X is a 1998 film directed by Tony Kaye and written by David McKenna. ... Tony Kaye (born 1952, UK) is a film director and director of commercials. ...


After these issues, the Guild decided to choose a pseudonym for each case separately, rather than re-use a particular pseudonym. The first such example is the "Thomas Lee" credit for director Walter Hill on the 2000 film Supernova. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Supernova was a 2000 science fiction, from Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer/United Artists. ...


The change has not ended the practice of using the Smithee pseudonym entirely. For example, the Canadian film Fugitives Run starring David Hasselhoff is credited to Smithee, as are the 2003 films Cowboys Run and River Made to Drown In. David Michael Hasselhoff (born July 17, 1952 in Baltimore, Maryland), nicknamed The Hoff, is a tall (64 or 193 cm) American actor, singer and songwriter who is best known for his lead roles on Knight Rider and Baywatch. ...


Use in alternative versions

  • The TV versions of films are sometimes disavowed, even if the theatrical release is not:
    • One example is Scent of a Woman directed by Martin Brest, which was "An Alan Smithee film" on television.
    • The extended TV version of the David Lynch film Dune was also credited to Smithee when Lynch objected to edits by its producers. The writing credit goes to "Judas Booth", an inside joke for Lynch, who states the studio betrayed and killed his film.
    • The same credit change happened with Michael Mann at least twice, for Heat and The Insider.
  • A version of Meet Joe Black edited for in-flight entertainment was credited to Smithee.
  • A cable TV version of William Friedkin's The Guardian was credited to Smithee.
  • Backtrack, a 1990 film directed by Dennis Hopper and starring Jodie Foster, was originally credited to Smithee; a "director's cut" for a subsequent video release was credited to Hopper. Perhaps coincidentally, Joe Pesci, who appeared prominently in the film, also had the credit for his role removed.
  • The version of Masato Harada's Ganheddo (AKA GunHed) released in the United States was credited to Smithee.
  • A half-hour 1955 television drama called The Indiscreet Mrs. Jarvis starring Angela Lansbury was released on VHS in 1992 without its original credits, but retroactively credited to Smithee.

To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... Martin Brest (August 8, 1951) is an American filmmaker, producer, screenwriter, film editor, and actor. ... For other persons named David Lynch, see David Lynch (disambiguation). ... Dune is a 1984 science fiction film directed by David Lynch, based on the 1965 Frank Herbert novel of the same name. ... For the American black metal band, see Judas Iscariot (band). ... John Wilkes Booth John Wilkes Booth (May 10, 1838 – April 26, 1865) was an American actor infamous for the assassination of Abraham Lincoln in 1865. ... Michael Kenneth Mann (born February 5, 1943 in Chicago) is an American film director, screenwriter, and producer. ... Heat is an American made crime/thriller/drama film released on December 15, 1995. ... The Insider may refer to: The Insider, a 1999 film about the exposé of the tobacco industry by a television series. ... Meet Joe Black is a 1998 remake of the 1934 film, Death Takes a Holiday, starring Brad Pitt, Anthony Hopkins, and Claire Forlani. ... An Airbus A380 of Emirates Airline An airline provides air transport services for passengers or freight. ... William Friedkin (born August 29, 1935 in Chicago, Illinois) is an American movie and television director, producer, and writer best known for directing The Exorcist and The French Connection in the early 1970s. ... The Guardian is a 1990 film directed by William Friedkin and starring Jenny Seagrove, Dwier Brown and Carey Lowell. ... Catchfire is a 1990 drama film starring Jodie Foster, Dennis Hopper, Joe Pesci and Fred Ward. ... // Chris Rock and Adam Sandler join SNL February 4 - Actor Tom Cruise and actress Mimi Rogers divorce. ... Dennis Hopper (born May 17, 1936) is an American actor and film-maker. ... Jodie Foster (born November 19, 1962) is a two-time Academy Award-winning American actress, director, and producer. ... Joseph Eliot Pesci (born February 9, 1943), best known as Joe Pesci, is an American Academy Award-winning actor, comedian and singer who is often typecast as a violent mobster, grouchy funnyman, or both. ... Masato Harada (原田眞人 Harada Masato, alt. ... // Masahiro Takashima as Brooklyn Brenda Bakke as Sergeant Nim, Texas Air Ranger Aya Enyoji as Babe Yujin Harada as Seven Kaori Mizushima as Eleven Brewster Thompson as Barabbas James Doll Nguyen as Boomerang Jay Kabira as Bombbay Randy Reyes as voice of Gunhed Mickey Curtis as Bansho the Captain of... See also: 1954 in television, other events of 1955, 1956 in television and the list of years in television. // Events April 1 - The DuMont Television network drastically cuts back its programming. ... Angela Brigid Lansbury CBE (born October 16, 1925) is a four-time Tony-winning, six-time Golden Globe-winning, three-time Oscar-nominated, and eighteen-time Emmy Award-nominated English actress, best-known for playing mystery writer Jessica Fletcher on Murder, She Wrote. ... Bottom view of VHS cassette with magnetic tape exposed Top view of VHS cassette with front casing removed The Vertical Helical Scan, better known by its abbreviation VHS (and often confused to be Video Home System) is a recording and playing standard for analog video cassette recorders (VCRs), developed by... This is a list of television-related events in 1992. ...

Other films crediting Smithee as director

The following films credit Smithee; the actual director is listed when known:

Erik Larsen (born December 8, 1962 in Minneapolis, Minnesota) is a comic book writer, artist and publisher. ... C. Thomas Howell (born Christopher Thomas Howell on December 7, 1966 in Los Angeles, California, USA) is an American actor. ... Stephen Baldwin (born May 12, 1966 in Massapequa, New York) is an American actor, best known for his role in the 1995 ensemble cult film, The Usual Suspects. ... Kevin Yagher is a Special Effects Technician, known for Freddy Kruegers makeup, the Cryptkeeper, and Childs Play. ... National Lampoons Senior Trip is a 1995 teen movie directed by Kelly Makin and someone else using the pseudonym Alan Smithee. ... Kelly Makin (born 1960s?) is a Canadian television and movie director. ... The Shrimp on the Barbie is a 1990 comedy film directed by Michael Gottlieb (under the infamous pseudonym Alan Smithee) and starring Cheech Marin. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Solar Crisis was a 1990 science fiction film from Japan America Picture Company. ... Richard C. Sarafian (born 28 April 1930 in New York, New York) is a TV and film director. ... Tim Matheson, an American actor, was born Timothy Lewis Matthieson on December 31, 1947, in Glendale, California, a suburb of Los Angeles. ... Charlton Heston (born John Charles Carter on October 4, 1923) is an iconic Academy Award-winning American film actor, best known for playing larger-than-life heroic roles such as Moses in The Ten Commandments and Judah Ben-Hur in Ben-Hur. ... Scott Vincent Baio (born September 22, 1961, in Brooklyn, New York) is an American actor, best known for the roles of Chachi Arcola on Happy Days and its spinoff Joanie Loves Chachi, and Charles on Charles in Charge. ... Morgan Stewarts Coming Home is a 1987 comedy film directed by Paul Aaron/Terry Winsor and starring Jon Cryer, Viveka Davis, Paul Gleason, Nicholas Pryor and Lynn Redgrave. ... Stuart Rosenberg (August 11, 1927 – March 15, 2007) was an American film and television director whose notable works included the movies Cool Hand Luke (1967), Voyage of the Damned (1976), The Amityville Horror (1979), and The Pope of Greenwich Village (1984). ... Rod Holcomb is an American television director. ... Parker Stevenson born Richard Stevenson Parker (born on June 4, 1952 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) is an American television actor. ... Vanna White (born Vanna Marie Rosich on February 18, 1957) is an American television personality, best known as the hostess and puzzle board operator on the long-running game show Wheel of Fortune. ... Dune is a 1984 science fiction film directed by David Lynch, based on the 1965 Frank Herbert novel of the same name. ... For other persons named David Lynch, see David Lynch (disambiguation). ... Kyle MacLachlan as Agent Cooper in Twin Peaks Dune (1984) Kyle MacLachlan (born February 22, 1959 in Yakima, Washington) is an American actor of Scottish descent, best known for his work with American film director David Lynch. ... Frank Patrick Herbert (October 8, 1920 – February 11, 1986) was a critically acclaimed and commercially successful American science fiction author. ... Woman Wanted (2000) is a film directed by Kiefer Sutherland. ... Kiefer William Frederick Dempsey George Rufus Sutherland (born December 21, 1966 in London, England) is an Emmy and Golden Globe Award-winning Canadian television and film actor, best known for his role of Jack Bauer on the series 24. ... Rick Rosenthal (born June 15, 1949, in New York, New York) is an American film director known for his work in horror films. ... The Twilight Zone title. ... Its Academic is an Australian childrens game show airing on the Seven Network. ... June 19 is the 170th day of the year (171st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 195 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ...

Trivia

August 2005: Al N Smithee appeared at HollywoodPoker.com - online poker site catering to and boasting of its celebrity players. The screen name of a registered member (Ord Ellis) chosen not only because of the site's association with Hollywood, but also because he'd often like to be disassociated personally from his play at the table (http://www.hollywoodpoker.com/green-room/poker-lifestyle/hollywood-poker-news-082806.html - 'Linguistic Wit-Lash'). Since U.S. Players have since been banned from play on that site, this Al N Smithee can now be found posting at http://www.pic-support.com/forum/index.php .


In 2005 Gary Oldman was originally planned to provide the voice for the character General Grievous in Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith, but he pulled out. The voice was eventually provided by Lucasfilm employee Matthew Wood, who submitted his reading under the name of Alan Smithee and revealed his name only after he was chosen for the role. Gary Oldman (born Leonard Gary Oldman on March 21, 1958 in New Cross, London, England) is an English actor. ... General Grievous is a fictional character from the Star Wars universe. ... Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith is the third episode of the Star Wars film series (but the sixth film to be produced), to be released on Thursday, May 19, 2005. ...


In the episode "D'oh-in In the Wind" of the TV show The Simpsons, at the end of a short film directed by Mr. Burns, it reads "An Alan Smithee Film".[2] Doh-in In the Wind is the sixth episode from the tenth season of The Simpsons. ... Simpsons redirects here. ...


At some of Cineplex Galaxy's movie theatres in Canada, the coffee concessions are known as "Alan Smithee's." Cineplex Galaxy LP, based in Toronto, Ontario, was created in October 2003, merging the Canadian operations of Loews Cineplex Entertainment and Galaxy Entertainment. ... A typical megaplex (AMC Rolling Hills 20 in Rolling Hills Estates, California). ... A cup of coffee Workers sorting and pulping coffee beans in Guatemala Coffee is a widely consumed beverage prepared from the roasted seeds—commonly referred to as beans—of the coffee plant. ...


The 2002 Playstation 2 video game Wild Arms 3 contains several references to the name. Signs found all over the game world contain tips for playing the game, disguised as quotes. These "quotes" are all credited to Alan Smithee. The PlayStation 2 , abbreviated PS2) is Sonys second video game console, the successor to the PlayStation and the predecessor to the PlayStation 3. ... Namcos Pac-Man was a hit, and became a cultural phenomenon. ... Wild Arms 3, often referred to as Wild Arms Advanced 3rd, is the sequel to Wild Arms and Wild Arms 2 (aka Wild Arms 2nd Ignition). ... Generally, to quote something means to repeat something from another source without changing it. ...


The 2005 PlayStation 2 video game Wild Arms Alter Code: F also contains a small reference to the name. A book found in one of the game's earliest dungeons, telling of the history of the game's class of "wanderers," mentions the following: "Folklore and writings tell us that among the first wanderers was a character named Alan Smithee. Alan Smithee's legend is steeped in mystery. In fact, recent studies suggest that it is doubtful that such a character ever existed. It is also suggested that the name Alan Smithee is only a euphemism to describe the morals and values of the Wanderer Culture. Whether there was ever a real man named Alan Smithee, we will never know for a fact." The PlayStation 2 , abbreviated PS2) is Sonys second video game console, the successor to the PlayStation and the predecessor to the PlayStation 3. ... Namcos Pac-Man was a hit, and became a cultural phenomenon. ...


The 2003 computer game "Postal²" also refers to Smithee. Since many of the stock multiplayer levels are areas from the single-player game converted for multiplayer, the level "Trainyard" is credited to Alan Smithee. This is more than likely to be Steve Wik, creator of Postal. A computer game is a game composed of a computer-controlled virtual universe that players interact with in order to achieve a defined goal or set of goals. ... Postal² is a 2003 computer game by Running With Scissors (RWS). ... Postal is an ultraviolent and controversial computer game made by Running With Scissors and published by Ripcord Games in 1997. ...


Alan Smithee has one screenplay to his credit, The Nutt House, which he wrote with his son, Alan Smithee Jr. In reality, The Nutt House was written by Ivan Raimi and his brother, director Sam Raimi. The Nutt House was a situation comedy that aired briefly on NBC as part of its 1989 Fall lineup. ... Ivan Raimi is an American screenwriter and doctor of osteopathic medicine. ... Samuel Marshall Raimi (born October 23, 1959) is an American film director, producer, and writer. ...


In The Adventures of Jimmy Neutron episode Lights! Camera! Danger!, the evil Professor Calamitous has a robotic suit that he uses to disguise himself as a director named Quentin Smithee. The Adventures of Jimmy Neutron: Boy Genius is a spin-off of the Oscar-nominated computer-animated movie; Jimmy Neutron: Boy Genius, first officially aired in September 2002. ... Quentin Jerome Tarantino (born March 27, 1963) is an American film director, actor, and Oscar-winning screenwriter. ...


In 1992, a group of movie buffs in Ann Arbor, Michigan, created a tongue-in-cheek awards ceremony for the best and/or worst in B-grade and lower film, and christened them the Smithee Awards in honor of the famous pseudonym. The Smithees are held every year in Ann Arbor and, since 1995, at the Origins International Game Expo in Columbus, Ohio. Origins International Game Expo is one of North Americas most prominent annual gaming conventions, second in size only to Gen Con. ...


"Alan Smithee" is used by an anonymous film critic or critics working for the Atlanta Journal-Constitution. The Atlanta Journal-Constitution is the only major daily newspaper of Atlanta and metro Atlanta. ...


In one of Hideo Kojima's trailers for his upcoming game, "Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots", the game's new director was jokingly labeled as "Alan Smithee" on one of the directing chairs.


Watford-based pop punk band Captain Everything titled a song "My Life as Allen Smithee" on their 2006 Buena Vista Bingo Club album and wrote an introduction to the album, also credited to Allen Smithee. Watford is a town and district in Hertfordshire, England, situated 34 km (21 miles) northwest of London and within the bounds of the M25 motorway. ... Pop punk is used for two separate subgenres of punk rock music: the kind typically found on Lookout! Records, which stray very little from the three-chord formula that The Ramones pioneered, as well as a newer subgenre of melodic, more emotional punk, which includes by bands like NOFX and... Captain Everything! are a punk band from Watford, United Kingdom. ...


References

  1. ^ Thompson, Howard (May 10 1969). "Screen: Tough Western: 'Death of a Gunfighter' Stars Widmark" New York Times [[1]]
  2. ^ SNPP.com - Capsule for AABF02. Retrieved on 2006-07-19.

For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... July 19 is the 200th day (201st in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 165 days remaining. ...

Related pseudonyms

Some authors have used Smithee-like pseudonyms on works they wish to disown. The best known modern example of this is Cordwainer Bird, a name used on occasion by Harlan Ellison and a subtle play on the science fiction pseudonym Cordwainer Smith. Ellison also used his Smithee variant when he removed his name from the credits of the 1970s TV series The Starlost, which he created. Similarly, Paddy Chayevsky was unhappy enough with Ken Russell's film of his novel and screenplay Altered States that the screenplay was credited to "Sidney Aaron", Chayefsky's real first and middle names. Episode 6 of Monty Python's Flying Circus had Irving C. Saltzberg listed in most of the roles except the actors, who were all given a middle initial of C. George Spelvin and Georgina Spelvin are the traditional pseudonyms used in programs in American theatre by actors who dont want to be credited or whose names would otherwise appear twice because they are playing more than one role in a production. ... Walter Plinge is a pseudonym, traditionally used in London theatres. ... David Agnew is a pseudonym that was traditionally used on BBC television drama programmes in the 1970s where a writers name could not be used for contractual reasons, for example where a script editor had written an episode of his or her own programme, or when a writer had... This stub was created in response to some concerns voiced about the original article, and will be replaced by a longer article shortly. ... Harlan Jay Ellison (born May 27, 1934) is a prolific American writer of short stories, novellas, essays, and criticism. ... Cordwainer Smith – pronounced CORDwainer Smith – was the pseudonym used by American author Paul Myron Anthony Linebarger (July 11, 1913 – August 6, 1966) for his science fiction works. ... The Starlost was a Canadian-produced science fiction television series devised by writer Harlan Ellison and broadcast in 1973 on CTV in Canada and on NBC in the United States. ... Sidney Paddy Chayefsky (January 29, 1923 - August 1, 1981) was an acclaimed dramatist who transitioned from the golden age of American live television in the 1950s to have a successful career as a playwright and screenwriter for Hollywood. ... Henry Kenneth Alfred Russell, known as Ken Russell (born July 3, 1927), is a controversial English film director, particularly known for his films about famous composers. ... Altered States is the name of both a novel (ISBN 0060107278) and a film adaptation of that novel, both written by Paddy Chayefsky. ... This article discusses the series itself. ...


See also

Credits for A Christmas Story. ...

External links and sources


  Results from FactBites:
 
Alan Smithee - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1529 words)
Alan Smithee, Allen Smithee, Alan Smythee, and Adam Smithee are pseudonyms used between 1968 and 1999 by Hollywood film directors who wanted to be dissociated from a film for which they no longer wanted credit.
It was used when the director could prove to the satisfaction of a panel of members of the Directors Guild of America (DGA) and Association of Motion Picture and Television Producers that the film had been wrested from his or her creative control.
In 1997 the comedy An Alan Smithee Film: Burn Hollywood Burn was released, in which a director wants to disown a film but cannot because his real name is Alan Smithee.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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