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Encyclopedia > Alan Cranston

Alan MacGregor Cranston (June 19, 1914December 31, 2000) was a U.S. journalist and politician. He was born in Palo Alto, California, earned his diploma from Mountain View High School, and attended Pomona College and the National Autonomous University of Mexico before graduating from Stanford University in 1936. See http://bioguide. ... June 19 is the 170th day of the year (171st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 195 days remaining. ... 1914 (MCMXIV) is a common year starting on Thursday. ... December 31 is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... ... Downtown Palo Alto Palo Alto is a city in Santa Clara County, in the San Francisco Bay Area of California, USA, named for a tree called El Palo Alto. ... The Smith Campus Center Fountain at Pomona College during the inauguration of David Oxtoby Pomona College is a small private residential liberal arts college in Claremont, California, located 47 miles east of Los Angeles. ... The National Autonomous University of Mexico (Spanish: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, abbreviated as UNAM) was founded in 1551, making it the oldest in North America. ... For other meanings of Stanford, see Stanford (disambiguation). ...


He was a correspondent for the International News Service for two years preceding World War II. When an abridged English-language translation of Adolf Hitler's Mein Kampf was released, sanitized to exclude some of Hitler's anti-semitism and militancy, Cranston published an abridged and annotated translation which he believed more accurately reflected the contents of the book. In 1939, Hitler's publisher sued him for copyright violation in the state of Connecticut; a judge ruled in Hitler's favor and publication of the book was halted. World War II was a truly global conflict with many facets: immense human suffering, fierce indoctrination, and the use of new, extremely devastating weapons such as the atomic bomb. ... Hitler redirects here. ... Cover of Mein Kampf Mein Kampf (German for My Struggle) is a book written by Adolf Hitler, combining elements of autobiography with an exposition of Hitlers political ideology of Nazism. ... The Eternal Jew: 1937 German poster. ... // Events January-March January 2 - End of term for Frank Finley Merriam, 28th Governor of California. ... State nickname: The Constitution State Official languages English Capital Hartford Largest city Bridgeport Governor M. Jodi Rell (R) Senators Chris Dodd (D) Joe Lieberman (D) Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 48th 14,371 km² 12. ...


Before enlisting in the armed forces in 1944 as a private (he held the rank of sergeant at his discharge), he worked in the Office of War Information. The following year he wrote a second book, The Killing of the Peace, a synopsis of the failed bid to get the United States to join the League of Nations immediately following World War I. Cranston, a supporter of world government, became president of the World Federalist Society in 1948[1]. He successfully pushed for his state's legislature to pass the 1949 World Federalist California Resolution, calling on Congress to amend the Constitution to allow U.S. participation in a federal world government. 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... A private is a military soldier of the lowest military rank (equivalent to Nato Rank Grades OR-1 to OR-3 depending on the force served in). ... This article is about the rank of sergeant. ... The United States Office of War Information (OWI) was a government agency created during World War II to consolidate government information services. ... The League of Nations was an international organization founded after the Paris Peace Conference of 1919. ... World War I was primarily a European conflict with many facets: immense human sacrifice, stalemate trench warfare, and the use of new, devastating weapons - tanks, aircraft, machine guns, and poison gas. ... This article discusses the speculative idea of a world government. ... 1948 (MCMXLVIII) is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... Wikisource has original text related to this article: 1949 World Federalist California Resolution The 1949 World Federalist California Resolution was a remarkable measure passed by the California legislature that called on the United States Congress to amend the U.S. Constitution to allow for U.S. participation in a federal... This article discusses the speculative idea of a world government. ...


A Democrat, Cranston was elected California State Controller in 1958 and reelected in 1962. In 1968, he was elected to the first of what would prove to be four six-year terms United States Senate, defeating Republican Max Rafferty in the general election after Rafferty had defeated the liberal Republican incumbent, Thomas Kuchel, in that party's primary, which was so acrimonious that many of Kuchel's supporters spitefully backed Cranston in the November election. The general election itself was also marred by mudslinging, as a conservative writer, Frank Capell, authored a pamphlet suggesting that Cranston may have had Communist leanings in his youth, and that during his stint at the Office of War Information he helped falsely convince President Franklin D. Roosevelt that Nazi Germany and not the Soviet Union had perpetrated the Katyn Forest Massacre (many of these same allegations would be recycled in an article that ran in American Opinion magazine in 1974 entitled Alan Cranston: The Shadow in the Senate, the article's title a reference to Lamont Cranston, the name of the main character in the popular mid-century radio program The Shadow). The Democratic Party is one of the two major political parties in the United States. ... The State Controller is the Chief Financial Officer of the State of California. ... 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... Seal of the Senate The United States Senate is one of the two chambers of the Congress of the United States, the other being the House of Representatives. ... This article discusses liberalism as a major political ideology as it developed and stands currently, rather than specific ideologies contained to specific countries. ... Categories: People stubs | 1910 births | 1994 deaths | United States Senators ... Conservatism or political conservatism is any of several historically related political philosophies or political ideologies. ... Communism - Wikipedia /**/ @import /w/skins-1. ... President is a title held by many leaders of organizations, companies, universities, and countries. ... Franklin Delano Roosevelt (January 30, 1882–April 12, 1945), 32nd President of the United States, the longest-serving holder of the office and the only man to be elected President more than twice, was one of the central figures of 20th century history. ... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... The Katyń Forest Massacre, also known as the Katyn massacre, occurred in the Soviet Union, in a forest near Gnezdovo village, a short distance from Smolensk, during World War II. Many Poles had become prisoners of war following the invasion and defeat of Poland by the Nazis and the Soviet... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) is a common year starting on Tuesday (click on link for calendar). ... The Shadow, as seen on the cover of the July 15, 1939 issue of The Shadow Magazine. ...


Cranston was Democratic Whip from 1977 to 1991 and an unsuccessful candidate for the Democratic Presidential nomination for the 1984 election. In politics, a whip is a member of a political party in a legislature whose task is to ensure that members of the party attend and vote as the party leadership desires. ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... 1991 (MCMXCI) is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The President of the United States (unofficially abbreviated POTUS) is the head of state of the United States. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ...


He was reprimanded by the U.S. Senate Select Committee on Ethics for "improper conduct" on November 20, 1991 after he accepted $1 million from Charles Keating. The committee deemed Cranston's misconduct the worst among the Keating Five. Cranston decided against running for a fifth term while he battled prostate cancer. The U.S. Senate Select Committee on Ethics is a select committee of the United States Senate charged with dealing with matters related to senatorial ethics. ... November 20 is the 324th day of the year (325th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Charles H. Keating Jr. ... The Keating Five (or Keating Five Scandal) refers to a Congressional scandal related to the collapse of most of the Savings and Loan institutions in the United States in the late 1980s. ... Prostate cancer is a disease in which cancer develops in the prostate, a gland in the male reproductive system. ...


He dedicated his retirement to the global abolition of nuclear weapons, first through the Nuclear Weapon Elimination Initiative of the State of the World Forum, and then as President of the Global Security Institute, which he founded in 1999. He lived in Los Altos, California from his retirement until his death. Standard marker at city entrances Main Street in downtown Los Altos Los Altos is a city at the southern end of the San Francisco Peninsula (part of the Silicon Valley). ...


References

Preceded by:
Robert C. Kirkwood
California State Controller
1959–1967
Succeeded by:
Houston I. Flournoy
Preceded by:
Thomas Kuchel
United States Senator from California
1969–1993
Served alongside: George Murphy, John V. Tunney, S. I. Hayakawa, Pete Wilson, John F. Seymour, Dianne Feinstein
Succeeded by:
Barbara Boxer
Preceded by:
Alan K. Simpson
Senate Minority Whip
1981-1987
Succeeded by:
Wendell Ford
Preceded by:
Ted Stevens
Senate Majority Whip
1987-1991
Succeeded by:
Alan K. Simpson

  Results from FactBites:
 
Alan Cranston - definition of Alan Cranston in Encyclopedia (294 words)
Alan MacGregor Cranston (June 19, 1914–December 31, 2000) was a U.S. journalist and politician.
A Democrat, Cranston was elected California State Controller in 1958 and reelected in 1962.
Cranston was Democratic Whip from 1977 to 1991 and an unsuccessful candidate for the Democratic Presidential nomination for the 1984 election.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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