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Encyclopedia > Alabama Constitution

The Alabama Constitution is the basic governing document of the U.S. state of Alabama. It was adopted in 1901 and is the sixth constitution that the state has had. At over 360,000 words, the document is 12 times longer than the average state constitution, 40 times longer than the U.S. Constitution, and is the longest still-operative constitution anywhere in the world (The Constitution of India, the longest national constitution, comes in at approximately 117,000 words). About 90 percent of the document's length comes from its 770 (as of 2005) amendments. A U.S. state is any one of the fifty states (four of which officially favor the term commonwealth) which, along with the District of Columbia, form the United States of America. ... Official language(s) English Capital Montgomery Largest city Birmingham Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 30th 52,423 mi²/135,775 km² 190 mi/306 km 330 mi/531 km 3. ... 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... In the context of the United States of America, a state constitution is the governing document of a U.S. state, comparable to the U.S. Constitution which is the governing document of the United States. ... Page I of the Constitution of the United States of America Page II of the United States Constitution Page III of the United States Constitution Page IV of the United States Constitution The Syng inkstand, with which the Constitution was signed The Constitution of the United States is the supreme... The Constitution of India is the constitution of the Republic of India. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A constitutional amendment is an alteration to the constitution of a nation or a state. ...


About 70 percent of those amendments cover only a single county or city, and some deal with salaries of specific officials (e.g. Amendment 408 and the Greene County probate judge). This gives Alabama an unusually large number of constitutional officers. List of 67 counties in the U.S. state of Alabama: Autauga County Baldwin County Barbour County Bibb County Blount County Bullock County Butler County Calhoun County Chambers County Cherokee County Chilton County Choctaw County Clarke County Clay County Cleburne County Coffee County Colbert County Conecuh County Coosa County Covington... This list of current cities, towns, and unincorporated communities in the U.S. State of Alabama also includes a list of the principal counties in which each place is located. ... E.G. is an Australian only release EP from New Zealand four piece Goodshirt. ... Greene County is a county of the State of Alabama. ... Probate is the legal process of settling the estate of a deceased person; specifically, distributing the decedents property. ... A judge or justice is an official who presides over a court. ...

Contents


Notable features

The inordinate length is both because of and the cause of heavy centralization of government power in the state capital, Montgomery, leaving very little authority to local units. Counties cannot even legislate on local issues, requiring the state legislature, and ipso facto uninvolved parts of the state, to pass local laws. The same holds true for taxation, a large portion of which is written into the constitution, necessitating its amendment over minor taxation issues. This can (and has) resulted in times when a local county or municipality voted overwhelmingly for a tax or bond issue, but it was voted down by those outside the affected areas (and as such, would not have been significantly affected). Centralization is the process by which the activities of an organization, particularly those regarding decision-making, become concentrated within a particular location and/or group. ... Montgomery is the capital of the U.S. state of Alabama. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ...


Size and local relevance

The document has been amended for such diverse topics such as:

The Legislature has also been forced to amend amendments that often concerned similarly trivial matters (Note that many other examples of this are listed here under different sections because they have more import there then in this general list): Bingo Bingo is a game of chance where randomly-selected numbers are drawn and players match those numbers to those appearing on 5x5 matrixes which are printed or electronically represented and are known as cards. ... Location in the state of Alabama Formed December 13, 1819 Seat Birmingham Area  - Total  - Water 2,911 km² (1,124 mi²) 29 km² (11 mi²) 1. ... Madison County is a county of the State of Alabama. ... Montgomery County is a county in the State of Alabama. ... Mobile County is a county of the State of Alabama. ... Etowah County is a county of the State of Alabama. ... Calhoun County, Alabama is a county of the State of Alabama. ... Morgan County is a county of the State of Alabama. ... Russell County is a county of the State of Alabama. ... Lowndes County is a county of the State of Alabama. ... Limestone County is a county of the State of Alabama. ... Genera See text. ... Binomial name Anthonomus grandis Boheman, 1843 The boll weevil (Anthonomus grandis) is a beetle measuring an average length of six millimeters (¼ inch). ... Cotton plant as imagined and drawn by John Mandeville in the 14th century Cotton is a soft fiber that grows around the seeds of the Cotton plant (Gossypium spp. ... Families Akysidae Amblycipitidae Amphiliidae Ariidae Aspredinidae Astroblepidae Auchenipteridae Bagridae Callichthyidae Cetopsidae Chacidae Clariidae Claroteidae Cranoglanididae Diplomystidae Doradidae Hypophthalmidae Ictaluridae Lacantuniidae Loricariidae Malapteruridae Mochokidae Nematogenyidae Pangasiidae Parakysidae Pimelodidae Plotosidae Schilbeidae Scoloplacidae Siluridae Sisoridae Trichomycteridae Catfish (order Siluriformes) are a diverse group of fish. ... Binomial name Glycine max (L.) Merr. ... Binomial name Bos taurus Linnaeus, 1758 Cattle (called cows in vernacular usage) are domesticated ungulates, a member of the subfamily Bovinae of the family Bovidae. ... Duck amongst other poultry The Poultry-dealer, after Cesare Vecellio. ... Binomial name Sus scrofa Linnaeus, 1758 Synonyms The domestic pig is usually given the scientific name Sus scrofa, though some authors call it , reserving for the wild boar. ... Look up omnibus in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Binomial name Arachis hypogaea L. The peanut or groundnut (Arachis hypogaea) is a species in the pea family Fabaceae native to South America. ... A glass of cows milk Milk most often means the nutrient fluid produced by the mammary glands of female mammals. ... Cotton plant as imagined and drawn by John Mandeville in the 14th century Cotton is a soft fiber that grows around the seeds of the Cotton plant (Gossypium spp. ... The word grain has several meanings, most being descriptive of a small piece or particle. ... Species See text. ... This article is about goats, the animals. ... Superfamilies and families Alpheoidea Alpheidae - snapping shrimps Barbouriidae Hippolytidae Ogyrididae Atyoidea Atyidae Bresilioidea Agostocarididae Alvinocarididae Bresiliidae Disciadidae Mirocarididae Campylonotoidea Bathypalaemonellidae Campylonotoidae Crangonoidea Crangonidae Glyphocrangonidea Galatheacaridoidea Galatheacarididae Nematocarcinoidea Eugonatonotidae Nematocarcinidae Rhynchocinetidae Xiphocarididae Oplophoroidea Oplophoridae Palaemonoidea Anchistioididae Desmocarididae Euryrhynchidae Gnathophyllidae Hymenoceridae Kakaducarididae Palaemonidae Typhlocarididae Pandaloidea Pandalidae Thalassocarididae Pasiphaeoidea Pasiphaeidae Procaridoidea Procarididae Processoidea... Limestone County is a county of the State of Alabama. ... A sex worker in Germany. ... Location in the state of Alabama Formed December 13, 1819 Seat Birmingham Area  - Total  - Water 2,911 km² (1,124 mi²) 29 km² (11 mi²) 1. ... By other animals Humans are not the only species to bury their dead. ... Madison County is a county of the State of Alabama. ... Fire in San Bernardino, California Mountains (image taken from the International Space Station) A wildfire, also known as a forest fire, vegetation fire, grass fire, or bushfire (in Australasia), is an uncontrolled fire in wildland often caused by lightning; other common causes are human carelessness and arson. ... Marshall County is a county of the State of Alabama. ... Please note that this article describes a stereotype and therefore it has to express certain stereotypical views. ... Location in the state of Alabama Formed December 13, 1819 Seat Birmingham Area  - Total  - Water 2,911 km² (1,124 mi²) 29 km² (11 mi²) 1. ...

Some amendments state what should seem blatantly obvious: This page is a candidate to be copied to Wiktionary. ... Mobile County is a county of the State of Alabama. ... Madison County is a county of the State of Alabama. ... Insert non-formatted text hereInsert non-formatted text here To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Health care or healthcare is one of the worlds largest and fastest growing professions. ... Categories: Stub ... Firefighter in full turn out gear with a pickhead axe. ... A gasoline tax (also known as a gas tax, petrol tax, fuel tax or fuel duty) is a sales tax imposed on the sale of gasoline. ... The judiciary, also referred to as the judicature, consists of the system of courts of law for the administration of justice and to its principals, the justices, judges and magistrates among other types of adjudicators. ... Firefighter with an axe A firefighter, sometimes still called a fireman though women have increasingly joined firefighting units, is a person who is trained and equipped to put out fires, rescue people and in some areas provide emergency medical services. ... Jackson is a city located in Clarke County, Alabama. ... The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey is a bi-state agency (operated pursuant to an interstate compact) that runs most of the regional transportation infrastructure including the bridges, tunnels, airports and seaports within the New York-New Jersey Port District. ... Madison County is a county of the State of Alabama. ... Emergency services are services that deal with emergencies and other aspects of Public Safety. ... A reservoir is an artificial lake created by flooding land behind a dam. ... Fayette County is a county of the State of Alabama. ... Pickens County is a county of the State of Alabama. ...

The paper has also been falsely amended at least once ("Amendment" 587). This may be the reason why it has no Amendment 621, skipping from 620 to 622, however Amendment 693 is also missing. A municipality or general-purpose district (compare with: special-purpose district) is an administrative local area generally composed of a clearly defined territory and commonly referring to a city, town, or village government. ...


Discrimination

The document has been heavily criticized for racist elements, as the constitution deliberately disenfranchised Black American voters. Originally it outlawed interracial marriage (Section 102), however this provision was removed in 2000 by Amendment 667. The constitution still requires racially segregated education in the state (Section 256), though federal law makes these provisions moot. A proposal to strike the segregation requirement was defeated narrowly in 2004 (MSNBC). An African-American man drinks out of the colored only water fountain at a racially segregated streetcar terminal in the United States in 1939. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black), is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... It has been suggested that Miscegenation be merged into this article or section. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... The Rex Theatre for Colored People, Leland, Mississippi, June 1937 Racial segregation is a kind of formalized or institutionalized discrimination on the basis of race. ... The law of the United States is derived from the common law of the United Kingdom, which was in force at the time of the Revolutionary War. ... This article is about the law term moot. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The constitution until recently, in Section 177, denied women the right to vote by confining voting rights to "male citizens"; this was unenforceable under the 19th Amendment until Amendment 579 was substituted, which contained no reference to gender. The movement for womens suffrage, led by suffragists (peaceful protestors) and suffragettes (violent protestors), was a social, economic and political reform movement aimed at extending the suffrage (the right to vote) to women, advocating equal suffrage (abolition of graded votes) rather than universal suffrage (abolition of all discrimination, for... Amendment XIX (the Nineteenth Amendment) to the United States Constitution (sometimes called the Susan B. Anthony Amendment) grants voting rights regardless of the voters sex: The amendment prohibits both the federal government and the states from using a persons sex as a qualification to vote; it was specifically...


Impropriety of parts

The constitution includes many provisions that are either wholly or partly archaic in their wording or are inappropriate for inclusion in a constitution; many of these have also been rendered unenforceable by federal laws and court rulings. For instance: Adjective archaic (more archaic, most archaic) From an earlier period and no longer in common use; of or characterized by antiquity or archaism, antiquated. ...

  • Section 86 mandates that "The legislature shall pass such penal laws as it may deem expedient to suppress the evil practice of dueling" (Other State constitutions have anti-dueling provisions, see the article on duelling).
  • Section 90 gives instructions on the proper method of annexing foreign territory.
  • Section 97 prohibits deceased officials from receiving a salary.
  • Section 191 deals with "the evils arising from the use of intoxicating liquors at all elections."
  • The rather wordy Section 244 deals with granting of free railroad tickets to elected officials.
  • Section 245 prohibits railroads from misleading customers as to their rates.

Efforts to remove or amend these have so far proved unsuccessful. A duel or duel of honour is a formalised type of armed combat in which two individuals participate. ... A duel or duel of honour is a formalised type of armed combat in which two individuals participate. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...


Normal parts

Amendment 557 is Alabama's version of the Victims' Rights Amendment The Victims Rights Amendment is a provision which has been included in some state constitutions, proposed for others, and additionally has been proposed for inclusion in the United States Constitution. ...


See also

Wikisource has original text related to this article:
United States subnational constitutions (edit)
States Alabama | Alaska | Arizona | Arkansas | California | Colorado | Connecticut | Delaware | Florida | Georgia | Hawaii | Idaho | Illinois | Indiana | Iowa | Kansas | Kentucky | Louisiana | Maine | Maryland | Massachusetts | Michigan | Minnesota | Mississippi | Missouri | Montana | Nebraska | Nevada | New Hampshire | New Jersey | New Mexico | New York | North Carolina | North Dakota | Ohio | Oklahoma | Oregon | Pennsylvania | Rhode Island | South Carolina | South Dakota | Tennessee | Texas | Utah Constitution | Vermont | Virginia | Washington | West Virginia | Wisconsin | Wyoming
Territories American Samoa | Guam | Northern Mariana Islands | Puerto Rico | United States Virgin Islands

Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikisource – The Free Library – is a Wikimedia project to build a free, wiki library of primary source texts, along with translations of source-texts into any language and other supporting materials. ... The Texas Constitution is the document that describes the structure and function of the government of Texas. ... The Constitution of India is the constitution of the Republic of India. ... The California Constitution is the document that establishes and describes the duties, powers, structure and function of the government of the U.S. state of California. ... In the context of the United States of America, a state constitution is the governing document of a U.S. state, comparable to the U.S. Constitution which is the governing document of the United States. ... The Arkansas Constitution is the governing document of the U.S. state of Arkansas. ... The California Constitution is the document that establishes and describes the duties, powers, structure and function of the government of the U.S. state of California. ... Official language(s) English Capital Denver Largest city Denver Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 8th 269,837 km² 451 km 612 km 0. ... The Connecticut Constitution is the basic governing document of the U.S. state of Connecticut. ... The Delaware Constitution of 1897 is the fourth and current governing document for Delaware state government and has been in effect since its adoption on June 4, 1897. ... The Great Seal of the State of Florida The Florida Constitution is the document that establishes and describes the duties, powers, structure and function of the government of the U.S. state of Florida, and establishes the basic law of the state. ... The Constitution of Hawaii refers to various legal documents throughout the history of the Hawaiian Islands that defined the fundamental principles of authority and governance within its sphere of jurisdiction. ... Official language(s) English Capital Boise Largest city Boise Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 14th 216,632 km² 491 km 771 km 0. ... The Illinois Constitution is the governing body of the state of Illinois. ... Official language(s) English Capital Frankfort Largest city Louisville Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 37th 104,749 km² 225 km 610 km 1. ... The Louisiana Constitution is the governing document of the U.S. state of Louisiana. ... The Great Seal of Maryland The current Constitution of Maryland, which was ratified by the people of the state on September 18, 1867, forms the basic law for the U.S. state of Maryland. ... The Constitution of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts is the fundamental governing document of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. ... The Michigan Constitution is the governing document of the state of Michigan. ... The Constitution of the State of Minnesota was initially approved by the residents of Minnesota Territory in a special election held on October 13, 1857, and was ratified by the United States Senate on May 11, 1858, marking the admittance of Minnesota to the Union. ... The constitution of Mississippi is the governing document of Mississippi. ... Within Missouri, there are three levels of government: state government county city Missouris state capital is Jefferson City lying approximately halfway between its two largest cities, St. ... Official language(s) English Capital Lincoln Largest city Omaha Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 16th 200,520 km² 340 km 690 km 0. ... Wikisource has original text related to this article: New Hampshire Constitution The New Hampshire State Constitution is the primary governing document of the State of New Hampshire ratified on June 2, 1784. ... The Constitution of the State of New Jersey is the highest law of the state. ... CONSTITUTION OF NEW YORK, 1777 New York State Constitution Current through January 1, 2004 Categories: | | | | ... The North Carolina Constitution governs the structure and function of the North Carolina state government. ... The Ohio Constitution is the basic governing document of the State of Ohio, which in 1803 became the 17th state to join the United States of America. ... The Oregon Constitution is a U.S. state constitution, the governing document of the American state of Oregon. ... The South Carolina Constitution is the governing document of South Carolina. ... The Tennessee State Constitution defines the form, structure, activities, character, and fundamental rules (and means for changing them) of the U.S. State of Tennessee. ... The Texas Constitution is the document that describes the structure and function of the government of Texas. ... Official language(s) English Capital Salt Lake City Largest city Salt Lake City Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 13th 219,887 km² 435 km 565 km 3. ... The Vermont Constitution is the governing document of the U.S. state of Vermont. ... The Constitution of Virginia is a United States state constitution. ...

External links

  • Text of the Constitution
  • Alabama Citizens for Constitutional Reform
    • Archived editorials against the current constitution

  Results from FactBites:
 
Alabama: Map, History and Much More from Answers.com (7299 words)
Alabama is a state of contrasts, with mountainous regions in the north, the prairie lowlands called the Black Belt in the middle of the state, and coastal plain regions in the south.
Among Alabama's educational institutions are the Univ. of Alabama, at Tuscaloosa, Birmingham, and Huntsville; Auburn Univ., at Auburn; Birmingham-Southern College and Howard College, at Birmingham; Huntingdon College, at Montgomery; the Univ. of Montevallo, at Montevallo; and Tuskegee Univ., at Tuskegee.
In Alabama the slave-owning planters were dominant because of the prosperous cotton crop, and as the Civil War loomed closer, the support of Southern rights and secession sentiment grew under the urging of “fire-eaters” such as William L. Yancey.
Alabama Government State Capital Montgomery Governor Bob Riley Alabama State Motto (3399 words)
The 1861 Constitution of the Secession Convention was ratified by the convention on March 20.
A Constitutional Convention, for the purposes of amending or altering the Constitution, may be called by a majority vote in each of the houses of the legislature and must be approved by a majority of the citizens of the state.
Acts or resolutions regarding the Alabama Constitution that are approved in the legislature are not submitted to the Governor of the state for his or her approval.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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