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Encyclopedia > Akira Kurosawa
Akira Kurosawa

Akira Kurosawa on the set of Kagemusha (1980).
Born March 23, 1910(1910-03-23)
Shinagawa, Tokyo, Japan
Died September 6, 1998 (aged 88) (stroke)
Setagaya, Tokyo, Japan
Occupation director, producer & screenwriter
Spouse(s) Yôko Yaguchi (1945-1985)
In this Japanese name, the family name is Kurosawa.

Akira Kurosawa (Kyūjitai: 黒澤 明, Shinjitai: 黒沢 明 Kurosawa Akira?, 23 March 19106 September 1998) was a prominent Japanese film director, film producer, and screenwriter. His first credited film (Sanshiro Sugata) was released in 1943; his last (Madadayo) in 1993. His many awards include the Légion d'Honneur and an Oscar for Lifetime Achievement. Kurosawa is a Japanese surname. ... Image File history File links Akira_Kurosawa. ... Kagemusha ) is a 1980 film by Akira Kurosawa. ... is the 82nd day of the year (83rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Shinagawa ) is one of the 23 special wards of Tokyo, Japan. ... is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... Location of Setagaya-ku in Tokyo. ... Director Herbert Brenon with actress Alla Nazimova on the set of War Brides, 1916 A director is a person who directs the making of a film. ... A film producer creates the conditions for making movies. ... Screenwriters, scenarists, or script writers, are authors who write the screenplays from which movies and television programs are made. ... Yôko Yaguchi (died 1 February 1985) was a Japanese actress, and the wife of famous Japanese filmmaker Akira Kurosawa for 39 years. ... Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ... The Academy Award (Oscar) for Best Foreign Language Film is a yearly US award for the best film in a language other than English, released in the period October - September in the country of origin. ... This page is about the 1950 film. ... Dersu Uzala (Russian: Дерсу Узала, Japanese: デルス ウザーラ; alternate U.S. title: Dersu Uzala: The Hunter) is a 1975 joint Soviet-Japanese film production directed by Akira Kurosawa. ... The Academy Honorary Award is given irregularly by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences to celebrate motion picture achievements that are not covered by existing Academy Awards. ... BAFTA Award The British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA), is a British organisation that hosts annual awards shows for film, television, childrens film and television, and interactive media. ... Winners of the BAFTA Award for Best Direction presented by the British Academy of Film and Television Arts. ... Kagemusha ) is a 1980 film by Akira Kurosawa. ... This page lists the winners and nominees for the BAFTA Award for Best Film, BAFTA Award for Best Film not in the English Language and Alexander Korda Award for Best British Film for each year, in addition to the retired earlier versions of those awards. ... Ran chaos, war, revolt) is an Oscar-winning 1985 film written and directed by Japanese filmmaker Akira Kurosawa. ... The César Award is the national film award of France first given out in 1975. ... César Award for Best Foreign Film: 1976: Scent of a Woman (Italy), directed by Dino Risi 1977: We All Loved Each Other So Much (Italy), directed by Ettore Scola 1978: A Special Day (Italy), directed by Ettore Scola 1979: The Tree with the Wooden Clogs (Italy), directed by Ermanno... Kagemusha ) is a 1980 film by Akira Kurosawa. ... The Golden Lion (it: Leone dOro) is the name of the highest prize given to a film at the Biennale Venice Film Festival. ... The Venice Film Festival ( ) is the oldest film festival in the world. ... This page is about the 1950 film. ... Palme dOr The Palme dOr (Golden Palm) is the highest prize given to a film at the Cannes Film Festival. ... The Cannes Film Festival (French: le Festival de Cannes), founded in 1939, is one of the worlds oldest, most influential and prestigious film festivals. ... Kagemusha ) is a 1980 film by Akira Kurosawa. ... Yamada Tarō (), a typical Japanese name (male), equivalent to John Smith in English. ... Last name redirects here. ... Look up KyÅ«jitai in Wiktionary, the free dictionary KyÅ«jitai (旧字体, きゅうじたい) is the traditional form of the Japanese kanji used before 1947. ... Shinjitai (in Shinjitai: ; in KyÅ«jitai: æ–°å­—é«”; meaning new character form), are the forms of Kanji used in Japan since the promulgation of the Tōyō Kanji List in 1946. ... is the 82nd day of the year (83rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... Director Herbert Brenon with actress Alla Nazimova on the set of War Brides, 1916 A director is a person who directs the making of a film. ... Screenwriters, scenarists, or script writers, are authors who write the screenplays from which movies and television programs are made. ... Sanshiro Sugata , aka Judo Saga) is a 1943 film written and directed by Akira Kurosawa, based on a novel by Tomita Tsuneo. ... This was the last film of Akira Kurosawa. ... Chiang Kai-sheks Légion dhonneur. ... Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ...

Contents

Early life

Akira Kurosawa was born to Isamu and Shima Kurosawa on March 23, 1910. He was the youngest of eight children born to the Kurosawas in a suburb of Tokyo. Shima Kurosawa was forty years old at the time of Akira's birth and his father Isamu was forty-five. Akira Kurosawa grew up in a household with three older brothers and four older sisters. Of his three older brothers, one died before Akira was born and one was already grown and out of the household. One of his four older sisters had also left the home to begin her own family before Kurosawa was born. Kurosawa's next-oldest sibling, a sister he called "Little Big Sister," also died suddenly after a short illness when he was ten years old. is the 82nd day of the year (83rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... For other uses, see Tokyo (disambiguation). ...


Kurosawa's father worked as the director of a junior high school operated by the Japanese military and the Kurosawas descended from a line of former samurai. Financially, the family was above average. Isamu Kurosawa embraced western culture both in the athletic programs that he directed and by taking the family to see films, which were then just beginning to appear in Japanese theaters. Later, when Japanese culture turned away from western films, Isamu Kurosawa continued to believe that films were a positive educational experience.


In primary school, Akira Kurosawa was encouraged to draw by a teacher who took an interest in mentoring his talents. His older brother, Heigo, had a profound impact on him. Heigo was very intelligent and won several academic competitions, but also had what was later called a cynical or dark side. In 1923, the Great Kantō earthquake destroyed Tokyo and left 100,000 people dead. In the wake of this event, Heigo, 17, and Akira, 13, made a walking tour of the devastation. Corpses of humans and animals were piled everywhere. When Akira would attempt to turn his head away, Heigo urged him not to. According to Akira, this experience would later instruct him that to look at a frightening thing head-on is to defeat its ability to cause fear. A view of the destruction in Yokohama. ...


Heigo eventually began a career as a benshi in Tokyo film theaters. Benshi narrated silent films for the audience and were a uniquely Japanese addition to the theater experience. However, with the impact of talking pictures on the rise, benshi were losing work all over Japan. Heigo organized a benshi strike that failed. Akira was likewise involved in labor-management struggles, writing several articles for a radical newspaper while improving and expanding his skills as a painter and reading literature. Akira never considered himself a Communist, despite his activities that he later would describe as reckless. Benshi (弁士 in Japanese) were performers who provided live narration for silent Japanese films. ... This article is about the form of society and political movement. ...


When Akira Kurosawa was in his early 20s, his older brother Heigo committed suicide. Four months later, the oldest of Kurosawa's brothers also died, leaving Akira as the only surviving son of an original four at age 23.


Early career

In 1936, Kurosawa learned of an apprenticeship program for directors through a major film studio, PCL (which later became Toho). He was hired and worked as an assistant director to Kajiro Yamamoto. After his directorial debut with Sanshiro Sugata, his next few films were made under the watchful eye of the wartime Japanese government and sometimes contained nationalistic themes. For instance, The Most Beautiful is a propaganda film about Japanese women working in a military optics factory. Judo Saga 2 portrays Japanese judo as superior to western (American) boxing. The English-language version of Tohos famous logo, used from the early 1960s to the late 1990s. ... The Most Beautiful (Ichiban utsukushiku; aka Most Beautifully) is a 1944 film written and directed by Akira Kurosawa. ... Sanshiro Sugata Part Two (Zoku Sugata Sanshiro; aka Judo Saga II) is a 1945 film written and directed by Akira Kurosawa. ... This article is about the martial art and sport. ... For other meanings of these words, see boxing (disambiguation) or boxer. ...


His first post-war film No Regrets for Our Youth, by contrast, is critical of the old Japanese regime and is about the wife of a left-wing dissident who is arrested for his political leanings. Kurosawa made several more films dealing with contemporary Japan, most notably Drunken Angel and Stray Dog. However, it was his period film Rashomon that made him internationally famous and won the Golden Lion at the Venice Film Festival. No Regrets for Our Youth is the most common English translation of the Japanese film Waga seishun ni kuinashi, written and directed by Akira Kurosawa in 1946. ... Drunken Angel (酔いどれ天使, Yoidore Tenshi) is a 1948 Japanese film directed by Akira Kurosawa. ... Stray Dog (野良犬 Nora inu) is a 1949 film noir directed by Akira Kurosawa. ... This page is about the 1950 film. ... The Golden Lion (it: Leone dOro) is the name of the highest prize given to a film at the Biennale Venice Film Festival. ... The Venice Film Festival ( ) is the oldest film festival in the world. ...


Directorial approach

Kurosawa had a distinctive cinematic technique, which he had developed by the 1950s, and which gave his films a unique look. He liked using telephoto lenses for the way they flattened the frame and also because he believed that placing cameras farther away from his actors produced better performances. He also liked using multiple cameras, which allowed him to shoot an action scene from different angles. Another Kurosawa trademark was the use of weather elements to heighten mood: for example the heavy rain in the opening scene of Rashomon, and the final battle in Seven Samurai, the intense heat in Stray Dog, the cold wind in Yojimbo, the snow in Ikiru, and the fog in Throne of Blood. Kurosawa also liked using frame wipes, sometimes cleverly hidden by motion within the frame, as a transition device. For other uses, see Seven Samurai (disambiguation). ... Stray Dog (野良犬 Nora inu) is a 1949 film noir directed by Akira Kurosawa. ... Yojimbo (Japanese: 用心棒, Yōjinbō) is a 1961 jidaigeki (period drama) film by Akira Kurosawa. ... Ikiru (生きる) is a 1952 black and white movie written and directed by the acclaimed Japanese filmmaker Akira Kurosawa and inspired by Leo Tolstoys The Death of Ivan Ilyich. ... Throne of Blood , literally Spider Web Castle) is a black and white 1957 film directed by Akira Kurosawa, which transposes the plot of William Shakespeares play Macbeth to medieval Japan. ... In film editing, a wipe is a gradual spatial transition from one image to another. ...


He was known as "Tenno", literally "Emperor", for his dictatorial directing style. He was a perfectionist who spent enormous amounts of time and effort to achieve the desired visual effects. In Rashomon, he dyed the rain water black with calligraphy ink in order to achieve the effect of heavy rain, and ended up using up the entire local water supply of the location area in creating the rainstorm. In the final scene of Throne of Blood, in which Mifune is shot by arrows, Kurosawa used real arrows shot by expert archers from a short range, landing within centimetres of Mifune's body. In Ran, an entire castle set was constructed on the slopes of Mt. Fuji only to be burned to the ground in a climactic scene. Ran chaos, war, revolt) is an Oscar-winning 1985 film written and directed by Japanese filmmaker Akira Kurosawa. ... Mount Fuji (富士山 Fuji-san, IPA: [ɸuʝisaɴ]) is the highest mountain on the island of Honshu and indeed in all of Japan. ...


Other stories include demanding a stream be made to run in the opposite direction in order to get a better visual effect, and having the roof of a house removed, later to be replaced, because he felt the roof's presence to be unattractive in a short sequence filmed from a train.


His perfectionism also showed in his approach to costumes: he felt that giving an actor a brand new costume made the character look less than authentic. To resolve this, he often gave his cast their costumes weeks before shooting was to begin and required them to wear them on a daily basis and "bond with them." In some cases, such as with Seven Samurai, where most of the cast portrayed poor farmers, the actors were told to make sure the costumes were worn down and tattered by the time shooting started.


Kurosawa did not believe that "finished" music went well with film. When choosing a musical piece to accompany his scenes, he usually had it stripped down to one element (e.g., trumpets only). Only towards the end of his films are more finished pieces heard.


Influences

A notable feature of Kurosawa's films is the breadth of his artistic influences. Some of his plots are based on William Shakespeare's works: "Ran" is loosely based on King Lear, Throne of Blood is based on Macbeth, while The Bad Sleep Well parallels Hamlet, but is not affirmed to be based on it. Kurosawa also directed film adaptations of Russian literary works, including The Idiot by Dostoevsky and The Lower Depths, a play by Maxim Gorky. Ikiru was inspired by Leo Tolstoy's The Death of Ivan Ilyich. Dersu Uzala was based on the 1923 memoir of the same title by Russian explorer Vladimir Arsenyev. Story lines in Red Beard can be found in The Insulted and Humiliated by Dostoevsky. Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... King Lear and the Fool in the Storm by William Dyce (1806-1864) King Lear is a play by William Shakespeare, considered one of his greatest tragedies, based on the legend of King Lear of Britain. ... This article is about Shakespeares play. ... The Bad Sleep Well (Warui yatsu hodo yoku nemuru) is a 1960 film by the Japanese director Akira Kurosawa. ... For other uses, see Hamlet (disambiguation). ... The Idiot ) is a 1951 Japanese film by director Akira Kurosawa. ... Fyodor Dostoevsky. ... The Lower Depths (Original Japanese title: Donzoko) is a 1957 film by Akira Kurosawa, based on the novel by the same name by Maxim Gorky. ... Aleksei Maksimovich Peshkov (In Russian Алексей Максимович Пешков) (March 28 [O.S. March 16] 1868–June 18, 1936), better known as Maxim Gorky (Максим Горький), was a Soviet/Russian author, a founder of the socialist realism literary method and a political activist. ... Ikiru (生きる) is a 1952 black and white movie written and directed by the acclaimed Japanese filmmaker Akira Kurosawa and inspired by Leo Tolstoys The Death of Ivan Ilyich. ... Count Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy (September 9 [O.S. August 28] 1828 – November 20 [O.S. November 7] 1910) (Russian: , Russian pronunciation:  ), commonly referred to in English as Leo (Lyof, Lyoff) Tolstoy, was a Russian writer – novelist, essayist, dramatist and philosopher – as well as pacifist Christian anarchist and educational reformer. ... Wikisource has original text related to this article: The Death of Ivan Ilych The Death of Ivan Ilyich (Russian: , Smert Ivana Ilyicha), first published in 1886, is a novella by Leo Tolstoy. ... Dersu Uzala (Russian: Дерсу Узала, Japanese: デルス ウザーラ; alternate U.S. title: Dersu Uzala: The Hunter) is a 1975 joint Soviet-Japanese film production directed by Akira Kurosawa. ... Year 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Dersu Uzala (Russian: Дерсу Узала; alternate U.S. title: The Hunter) is the title of a 1923 book by the Russian explorer Vladimir Arsenyev, telling of his travels in the Ussuri basin, and the name of a Nanai hunter (ca. ... Vladimir Arsenyev Vladimir Klavdiyevich Arsenyev (Russian: ) (1872–1930) was a Russian explorer of the Far East who recounted his travels in a series of books (По Уссурийскому Краю (1921), Дерсу Узала (1923)), telling of his military journeys to the Ussuri basin with Dersu Uzala, a native trapper, from 1902 to 1907. ... For other uses, see Red Beard (disambiguation) Red Beard (Japanese: 赤ひげ, Akahige) is a 1965 Japanese film directed by Akira Kurosawa about the relationship between a village doctor and his new trainee. ... The Insulted and Humiliated (also known as The Insulted and the Injured) is a novella by Fyodor Dostoevsky, first published in 1861, is a book about the huge contradictions present in life. ... Fyodor Dostoevsky. ...


High and Low was based on King's Ransom by American crime writer Ed McBain, Yojimbo may have been based on Dashiell Hammett's Red Harvest and also borrows from American Westerns, and Stray Dog was inspired by the detective novels of Georges Simenon. The American film director John Ford also had a large influence on his work. High and Low (天国と地獄, Tengoku to jigoku, literally Heaven and Hell) is a 1963 film directed by Akira Kurosawa It tells the story of an executive named Kingo Gondo Toshirô Mifune who mortgages all he has to stage leveraged buyout and gain control of the National Shoe Company, with the intent... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Samuel Dashiell Hammett (May 27, 1894 – January 10, 1961) was an American author of hardboiled detective novels and short stories. ... Red Harvest (1929) is a novel by Dashiell Hammett. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... For other persons named John Ford, see John Ford (disambiguation). ...


Despite criticism by some Japanese critics that Kurosawa was "too Western", he was deeply influenced by Japanese culture as well, including the Kabuki and Noh theaters and the Jidaigeki (period drama) genre of Japanese cinema. The oldest Kabuki theatre in Japan: the Minamiza in Kyoto The Kabukiza in Ginza is one of Tokyos leading kabuki theaters. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Jidaigeki (時代劇) is a genre of film and television in Japan. ...


When Kurosawa got to meet John Ford, a director commonly said to be the most influential to Kurosawa, Ford simply said, "You really like rain." Kurosawa responded, "You've really been paying attention to my films."[1] For other persons named John Ford, see John Ford (disambiguation). ...


His influence

Kurosawa's films have had a major influence on world cinema and continue to inspire filmmakers, and others, around the globe. This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Seven Samurai

Western Film

Seven Samurai has been remade several times in assorted cinema genres, including Westerns, Science Fiction, and Chinese Martial Arts. The main versions, all of which directly use the same plot structure, comprise:

The Magnificent Seven is a 1960 western film directed by John Sturges about a group of hired gunmen tasked with protecting a Mexican village from bandits. ... John Eliot Sturges (3 January 1911 – 18 August 1982) Known as The dean of big_budget action movies made during the 1950s and 1960. Sturges movies include The Magnificent Seven, The Great Escape, Gunfight at the O.K. Corral, Ice Station Zebra and Marooned (movie). ... This is a Chinese name; the family name is Shaw Sir Run Run Shaw CBE, GBM (Chinese name: 邵逸夫, originally named 邵仁楞; born 1907) is a Hong Kong media mogul. ... Battle Beyond the Stars is a Roger Corman-produced science fiction film, directed by Jimmy T. Murakami and released in 1980. ... Roger William Corman (born April 5, 1926), sometimes nicknamed King of the Bs for his output of B-movies (though he himself rejects this appellation as inaccurate), is a prolific American producer and director of low-budget exploitation movies, many of which are some of the most influential movies made. ...

Indian movies

The film has inspired Indian films which feature similar plots:

Khote Sikkay is An Indian western, complete with horses and ponchos . ... Rajkumar Santoshi (Hindi: ) is an acclaimed director and producer of Hindi films. ... China Gate is a 1998 Hindi film directed by Rajkumar Santoshi. ... Kamal Haasan (born November 7, 1954) is an Indian movie star working mainly in the Tamil film industry. ... Virumaandi (2004) is a Tamil action film directed by Kamal Haasan. ... Sholay (Hindi: शोले, Urdu: شعلے) (advertised in English as Embers or Flames) is the biggest blockbuster in the history of Bollywood, Indias Hindi film industry. ... Ramesh Sippy (b. ...

Novels

The story was also used as inspiration in numerous novels, among them Stephen King's 5th Dark Tower novel, Wolves of the Calla. For other uses, see Novel (disambiguation). ... For other persons named Stephen King, see Stephen King (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see The Dark Tower. ... Wolves of the Calla is the fifth book in Stephen Kings The Dark Tower series. ...


Rashomon

Rashomon was also remade by Martin Ritt in 1964's The Outrage. The Tamil films Andha Naal (1954) and Virumaandi (2004), starring Kamal Hassan, employ a storytelling method similar to the one Kurosawa uses in Rashomon. In a more recent incarnation, the film "Hero" starring Jet Li, Ziyi Zhang, Tony Leung, and Maggie Cheung also features a 'Rashomon' style story. The 2005 animated film "Hoodwinked" applies the narrative structure of "Rashomon" to the story of "Little Red Riding Hood." Martin Ritt (March 2, 1914–December 8, 1990) was an American director, actor, and playwright who worked in both film and theatre. ... The Outrage is a 1964 film that is a remake of the Japanese film Rashomon (1950). ... Kollywood (Tamil : கோலிவூட் ) is a name often applied to the home of the Tamil-language film industry based in India, and to the industry as a whole. ... Virumaandi (2004) is a Tamil action film directed by Kamal Haasan. ... Kamal Haasan (born November 7, 1954) is an Indian movie star working mainly in the Tamil film industry. ... Hoodwinked! is an American computer-animated family comedy produced by Blue Yonder Films with Kanbar Entertainment. ... A depiction by Gustave Doré. Little Red Riding Hood is a famous fairytale about a young girls encounter with a wolf. ...


Rashomon not only helped open Japanese cinema to the world, but also entered the English language as a term for fractured, inconsistent narratives (see rashomon effect). The Rashomon effect is the effect of the subjectivity of perception on recollection, by which observers of an event are able to produce substantially different but equally plausible accounts of it. ...


Yojimbo

Yojimbo was the basis for the Sergio Leone western A Fistful of Dollars and two Bruce Willis films, prohibition-era Last Man Standing, and modern day Lucky Number Slevin. Sergio Leone (January 3, 1929 – April 30, 1989) was an Italian film director. ... A Fistful of Dollars (Per un pugno di dollari in Italy and officially on-screen in the U.S. and UK as simply Fistful of Dollars) is a 1964 film directed by Sergio Leone and starring Clint Eastwood. ... Walter Bruce Willis (born March 19, 1955) is a Golden Globe- and double Emmy-winning German-born American actor and singer. ... Last Man Standing is a 1996 action film written and directed by Walter Hill, starring Bruce Willis, Christopher Walken, and Bruce Dern. ... Lucky Number Slevin (also known as Lucky # Slevin or The Wrong Man) is a 2006 crime thriller film written by Jason Smilovic, directed by Paul McGuigan and starring Josh Hartnett, Morgan Freeman, Ben Kingsley, Lucy Liu, Stanley Tucci and Bruce Willis. ...


The Hidden Fortress

The Hidden Fortress is an acknowledged influence on George Lucas's Star Wars films, in particular Episodes IV and VI and most notably in the characters of R2-D2 and C-3PO. Lucas also used a modified version of Kurosawa's wipe transition effect throughout the Star Wars saga. The Hidden Fortress (Japanese: 隠し砦の三悪人, Kakushi toride no san akunin) is a 1958 film by Akira Kurosawa and starring Toshirō Mifune as General Rokurota Makabe and Misa Uehara as Princess Yuki. ... George Walton Lucas, Jr. ... This article is about the series. ... This movie poster for Star Wars depicts many of the films important elements, such as Luke Skywalker, Princess Leia, Han Solo, X-Wing and Y-Wing fighters Star Wars, retitled Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope in 1981 (see note at Title,) is the original (and in chronological... Movie poster Star Wars Episode VI: Return of the Jedi, is a science fiction film that debuted in 1983, and re-released with changes in 1997 and 2004. ... R2-D2 (called R2, or Artoo for short), is a fictional character in the Star Wars universe. ... C-3PO (pronounced IPA: []., often shortened to Threepio) is a fictional character from the Star Wars universe, who appears in both the original Star Wars films and the prequel trilogy. ... In film editing, a wipe is a gradual spatial transition from one image to another. ...


Collaboration

During his most productive period, from the late 40s to the mid-60s, Kurosawa often worked with the same group of collaborators. Fumio Hayasaka composed music for seven of his films — notably Rashomon, Ikiru and Seven Samurai. Many of Kurosawa's scripts, including Throne of Blood, Seven Samurai and Ran were co-written with Hideo Oguni. Yoshiro Muraki was Kurosawa's production designer or art director for most of his films after Stray Dog in 1949, and Asakazu Nakai was his cinematographer on 11 films including Ikiru, Seven Samurai and Ran. Kurosawa also liked working with the same group of actors, especially Takashi Shimura, Tatsuya Nakadai, and Toshirō Mifune. His collaboration with the latter, which began with 1948's Drunken Angel and ended with 1965's Red Beard, is one of the most famous director-actor combinations in cinema history. Fumio Hayasaka (早坂文雄 Hayasaka Fumio August 19, 1914 - October 15, 1955) was a Japanese composer of classical music and film scores. ... Production designer is a term used in the movie and television industries to refer to the person responsible for the overall look of a filmed event such as films, TV programs, music videos or adverts. ... The term art director, is an overall title for a variety of similar job functions in advertising, publishing, film and television, the Internet, and video games. ... Cameraman redirects here. ... Takashi Shimura as the doomed bureaucrat Watanabe in Ikiru. ... Japanese leading actor Tatsuya Nakadai (仲代達矢 Nakadai Tatsuya) became a star after he was discovered working as a shop clerk by filmmaker Masaki Kobayashi during the 1950s. ... Toshiro Mifune in Yojimbo. ...


Later films

Akira Kurosawa (center) gives stage directions to Tatsuya Nakadai (left) and Jinpachi Nezu (right) during the filming of the 1985 Ran.

The film Red Beard marked a turning point in Kurosawa's career in more ways than one. In addition to being his last film with Mifune, it was his last in black-and-white. It was also his last as a major director within the Japanese studio system making roughly a film a year. Kurosawa was signed to direct a Hollywood project, Tora! Tora! Tora!; but 20th Century Fox replaced him with Toshio Masuda and Kinji Fukasaku before it was completed. His next few films were a lot harder to finance and were made at intervals of five years. The first, Dodesukaden, about a group of poor people living around a rubbish dump, was not a success. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1161x716, 107 KB) Summary Japanese film director Akira Kurosawa (center) gives stage directions to actors Tatsuya Nakadai (left) and Jinpachi Nezu (right) during the filming of Ran. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1161x716, 107 KB) Summary Japanese film director Akira Kurosawa (center) gives stage directions to actors Tatsuya Nakadai (left) and Jinpachi Nezu (right) during the filming of Ran. ... Japanese leading actor Tatsuya Nakadai (仲代達矢 Nakadai Tatsuya) became a star after he was discovered working as a shop clerk by filmmaker Masaki Kobayashi during the 1950s. ... Ran chaos, war, revolt) is an Oscar-winning 1985 film written and directed by Japanese filmmaker Akira Kurosawa. ... For the Melvinss album, see Tora Tora Tora (album) Tora! Tora! Tora! is a 1970 American-Japanese film that dramatizes the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor and the series of American blunders that unintentionally improved its effectiveness. ... Twentieth (20th) Century Fox Film Corporation (known from 1935 to 1985 as Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corporation) is one of the six major American film studios. ... Toshio Masuda (born October 5, 1927) is a Japanese film director whose best known to Western audiences as the co-director of the Japanese portions of the 1970 film Tora Tora Tora. ... Kinji Fukasaku (深作欣二 Fukasaku Kinji) (3 July 1930 – 12 January 2003) was a Japanese film actor, writer and director. ... Dodesukaden (どですかでん) is a film by Akira Kurosawa set in a Japanese rubbish dump in the period immediately following World War II. The film focuses on the fantasy life of its characters, focusing primarily on a mentally retarded boy who pretends to be a tram conductor by following a set route...


After an attempted suicide, Kurosawa went on to make several more films, although he had great difficulty in obtaining domestic financing despite his international reputation. Dersu Uzala, made in the Soviet Union and set in Siberia in the early 20th century, was the only Kurosawa film made outside of Japan and not in the Japanese language. It is about the friendship of a Russian explorer and a nomadic hunter, and won the Oscar for Best Foreign Language Film. Kagemusha, financed with the help of the director's most famous admirers, George Lucas and Francis Ford Coppola, is the story of a man who is the body double of a medieval Japanese lord and takes over his identity after the lord's death. The film was awarded by the Palme d'Or (Golden Palm) at the 1980 Cannes Film Festival (which was shared this year with Bob Fosse's All That Jazz). Ran was the director's version of Shakespeare's King Lear, set in medieval Japan. It was by far the largest project of Kurosawa's late career, and he spent a decade planning it and trying to obtain funding, which he was finally able to do with the help of the French producer Serge Silberman. The film was an international success and is generally considered Kurosawa's last masterpiece. In an interview, Kurosawa said that he considered it to be the best film he ever made.[2] Dersu Uzala (Russian: Дерсу Узала, Japanese: デルス ウザーラ; alternate U.S. title: Dersu Uzala: The Hunter) is a 1975 joint Soviet-Japanese film production directed by Akira Kurosawa. ... The Academy Award (Oscar) for Best Foreign Language Film is a yearly US award for the best film in a language other than English, released in the period October - September in the country of origin. ... Kagemusha ) is a 1980 film by Akira Kurosawa. ... George Walton Lucas, Jr. ... Francis Ford Coppola (born April 7, 1939) is a five-time Academy Award winning American film director, producer, and screenwriter. ... Palme dOr The Palme dOr (Golden Palm) is the highest prize given to a film at the Cannes Film Festival. ... The Cannes Film Festival (French: le Festival de Cannes), founded in 1939, is one of the worlds oldest, most influential and prestigious film festivals. ... All That Jazz is a 1979 musical film directed by Bob Fosse. ... Ran chaos, war, revolt) is an Oscar-winning 1985 film written and directed by Japanese filmmaker Akira Kurosawa. ... Shakespeare redirects here. ... King Lear and the Fool in the Storm by William Dyce (1806-1864) King Lear is a play by William Shakespeare, considered one of his greatest tragedies, based on the legend of King Lear of Britain. ... Serge Silberman (May 1, 1917 – July 22, 2003) was a French film producer. ...


Kurosawa made three more films during the 1990s which were more personal than his earlier works. Dreams is a series of vignettes based on his own dreams. Rhapsody in August is about memories of the Nagasaki atomic bomb and his final film, Madadayo, is about a retired teacher and his former students. Kurosawa died of a stroke in Setagaya, Tokyo, at age 88. Dreams — aka Akira Kurosawas Dreams, Yume (夢), I Saw a Dream Like This, Konna yume wo mita, or Such Dreams I Have Dreamed — is a 1990 portmanteau film based on actual dreams of the films director, Akira Kurosawa at different stages of his life. ... Rhapsody in August ) is a 1991 film by Akira Kurosawa. ... Megane-bashi (Spectacles Bridge) Nagasaki   listen? (長崎市; -shi, literally long peninsula) is the capital and the largest city of Nagasaki Prefecture located at the south-western coast of Kyushu, Japan. ... The mushroom cloud over Hiroshima after the dropping of Little Boy. ... This was the last film of Akira Kurosawa. ... For other uses, see Stroke (disambiguation). ... Location of Setagaya-ku in Tokyo. ...


After the Rain (雨あがる Ame Agaru?) is a 1998 posthumous film directed by Kurosawa's closest collaborator, Takashi Koizumi, co-produced by Kurosawa Production (Hisao Kurosawa) and starring Tatsuya Nakadai and Shiro Mifune, son of Toshirō Mifune. Screenplay, script and dialogues were both written by Kurosawa himself. The story is based on a short novel by Shugoro Yamamoto, Ame Agaru. After the Rain is the English title for (雨あがる, Ame Agaru), a 1999 film by Takashi Koizumi based on the last script of Akira Kurosawa. ... Takashi Koizumi (小泉堯史 Koizumi Takashi) is a Japanese film director. ... Toshiro Mifune in Yojimbo. ...


Personal life

Kurosawa's wife was Yoko Yaguchi. He had two children with her: a son named Hisao and a daughter named Kazuko.


Kurosawa was a notoriously lavish gourmet, and spent huge quantities of money on film sets providing an incredibly large quantity of fine delicacies, especially meat, for the cast and crew,[citation needed] although the meat was sometimes left over from recording sound effects of the sound of blades cutting flesh in the many swordfight scenes.[3] Sound effects or audio effects are artificially created or enhanced sounds, or sound processes used to emphasize artistic or other content of movies, video games, music, or other media. ...


He was a close friend of director Ishiro Honda, who directed the kaiju classic "Gojira." Ishirō Honda (本多 猪四郎 Honda Ishirō, May 7, 1911 in Yamagata Prefecture - February 28, 1993) was a Japanese film director. ... Kaijū (怪獣) is a Japanese term that generically translates to monster. ... Gojira ), sometimes referred to as Godzilla in recent years, is a landmark 1954 Japanese science fiction film, produced and distributed by Toho Company Ltd. ...


Awards

Maxim Munzuk as Dersu Uzala (left) and Yury Solomin as Vladimir Arsenyev (right) in the 1975 film Dersu Uzala.
Maxim Munzuk as Dersu Uzala (left) and Yury Solomin as Vladimir Arsenyev (right) in the 1975 film Dersu Uzala.

Image File history File links Derzuuzala. ... Image File history File links Derzuuzala. ... Maxim Monguzhukovich Munzuk (Максим Монгужукович Мунзук; 15 September 1912 (on other accounts, 2 May 1910) - 28 July 1999) was an outstanding Tuvan actor, one of the founders of Tuvas regional theatre. ... Yury Mefodievich Solomin is a Russian actor who has directed the Malyi Theatre in Moscow since 1988. ... Vladimir Arsenyev Vladimir Klavdiyevich Arsenyev (Russian: ) (1872–1930) was a Russian explorer of the Far East who recounted his travels in a series of books (По Уссурийскому Краю (1921), Дерсу Узала (1923)), telling of his military journeys to the Ussuri basin with Dersu Uzala, a native trapper, from 1902 to 1907. ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Dersu Uzala (Russian: Дерсу Узала, Japanese: デルス ウザーラ; alternate U.S. title: Dersu Uzala: The Hunter) is a 1975 joint Soviet-Japanese film production directed by Akira Kurosawa. ... The Golden Lion (it: Leone dOro) is the name of the highest prize given to a film at the Biennale Venice Film Festival. ... The Venice Film Festival ( ) is the oldest film festival in the world. ... The Academy Honorary Award is given irregularly by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences to celebrate motion picture achievements that are not covered by existing Academy Awards. ... As a Special Award 1947 Shoeshine (Sciuscià) (Italy) - Societa Co-operativa Alfa Cinematografica - Paolo William Tamburella producer - Vittorio De Sica director 1948 Monsieur Vincent (France) - E. D. I. C., Union Général Cinématographique - George de la Grandiere producer - Maurice Cloche director 1949 The Bicycle Thief (Ladri di biciclette) (Italy) - Mayer - Vittorio... The Academy Award (Oscar) for Best Foreign Language Film is a yearly US award for the best film in a language other than English, released in the period October - September in the country of origin. ... Palme dOr The Palme dOr (Golden Palm) is the highest prize given to a film at the Cannes Film Festival. ... The Cannes Film Festival (French: le Festival de Cannes), founded in 1939, is one of the worlds oldest, most influential and prestigious film festivals. ... The Japan Foundation (jap. ... Chiang Kai-sheks Légion dhonneur. ... The Fukuoka Asian Culture Prizes(Japanese: ,Korean: ) were established by Fukuoka City and Yokatopia Foundation to honor the outstanding work of individuals or organizations to preserve and create unique and diverse cultures of Asia. ... The Academy Honorary Award is given irregularly by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences to celebrate motion picture achievements that are not covered by existing Academy Awards. ...

Filmography

Year Title Japanese Romanization
1943 Sanshiro Sugata
aka Judo Saga
姿三四郎 Sugata Sanshirō
1944 The Most Beautiful 一番美しく Ichiban utsukushiku
1945 Sanshiro Sugata Part II
aka Judo Saga 2
續姿三四郎 Zoku Sugata Sanshirô
The Men Who Tread On the Tiger's Tail 虎の尾を踏む男達 Tora no o wo fumu otokotachi
1946 No Regrets for Our Youth わが青春に悔なし Waga seishun ni kuinashi
One Wonderful Sunday 素晴らしき日曜日 Subarashiki nichiyôbi
1948 Drunken Angel 酔いどれ天使 Yoidore Tenshi
1949 The Quiet Duel 静かなる決闘 Shizukanaru ketto
Stray Dog 野良犬 Nora inu
1950 Scandal 醜聞 Sukyandaru
aka Shūbun
Rashomon 羅生門 Rashōmon
1951 The Idiot 白痴 Hakuchi
1952 Ikiru
aka To Live
生きる Ikiru
1954 Seven Samurai 七人の侍 Shichinin no samurai
1955 I Live in Fear
aka Record of a Living Being
生きものの記録 Ikimono no kiroku
1957 Throne of Blood
aka Spider Web Castle
蜘蛛巣城 Kumonosu-jō
The Lower Depths どん底 Donzoko
1958 The Hidden Fortress 隠し砦の三悪人 Kakushi toride no san akunin
1960 The Bad Sleep Well 悪い奴ほどよく眠る Warui yatsu hodo yoku nemuru
1961 Yojimbo
aka The Bodyguard
用心棒 Yōjinbō
1962 Sanjuro 椿三十郎 Tsubaki Sanjūrō
1963 High and Low
aka Heaven and Hell
天国と地獄 Tengoku to jigoku
1965 Red Beard 赤ひげ Akahige
1970 Dodesukaden どですかでん Dodesukaden
1975 Dersu Uzala デルス・ウザーラ Derusu Uzāra
1980 Kagemusha 影武者 Kagemusha
1985 Ran Ran
1990 Dreams
aka Akira Kurosawa's Dreams
Yume
1991 Rhapsody in August 八月の狂詩曲 Hachigatsu no rapusodī
aka Hachigatsu no kyōshikyoku
1993 Madadayo
aka Not Yet
まあだだよ Mādadayo

Sanshiro Sugata , aka Judo Saga) is a 1943 film written and directed by Akira Kurosawa, based on a novel by Tomita Tsuneo. ... The Most Beautiful (Ichiban utsukushiku; aka Most Beautifully) is a 1944 film written and directed by Akira Kurosawa. ... Sanshiro Sugata Part Two (Zoku Sugata Sanshiro; aka Judo Saga II) is a 1945 film written and directed by Akira Kurosawa. ... The Men Who Tread On the Tigers Tail is the most common English translation of the Japanese film Tora no o wo fumu otokotachi, written and directed by Akira Kurosawa in 1945. ... No Regrets for Our Youth is the most common English translation of the Japanese film Waga seishun ni kuinashi, written and directed by Akira Kurosawa in 1946. ... One Wonderful Sunday is the most common English translation of the Japanese film Subarashiki nichiyobi, written and directed by Akira Kurosawa in 1947. ... Drunken Angel (酔いどれ天使, Yoidore Tenshi) is a 1948 Japanese film directed by Akira Kurosawa. ... The Quiet Duel is a film. ... Stray Dog (野良犬 Nora inu) is a 1949 film noir directed by Akira Kurosawa. ... Scandal is the English title of the Japanese film 醜聞 (Shubun), aka スキャンダル (Sukyandaru, the Japanese render for scandal), written and directed by Akira Kurosawa in 1950. ... This page is about the 1950 film. ... The Idiot ) is a 1951 Japanese film by director Akira Kurosawa. ... Ikiru (生きる) is a 1952 black and white movie written and directed by the acclaimed Japanese filmmaker Akira Kurosawa and inspired by Leo Tolstoys The Death of Ivan Ilyich. ... For other uses, see Seven Samurai (disambiguation). ... I Live In Fear (aka Record of a Living Being, aka What the Birds Knew) is the English title of the 1955 Japanese film Ikimono no kiroku, written and directed by Akira Kurosawa. ... Throne of Blood , literally Spider Web Castle) is a black and white 1957 film directed by Akira Kurosawa, which transposes the plot of William Shakespeares play Macbeth to medieval Japan. ... The Lower Depths (Original Japanese title: Donzoko) is a 1957 film by Akira Kurosawa, based on the novel by the same name by Maxim Gorky. ... The Hidden Fortress (Japanese: 隠し砦の三悪人, Kakushi toride no san akunin) is a 1958 film by Akira Kurosawa and starring Toshirō Mifune as General Rokurota Makabe and Misa Uehara as Princess Yuki. ... The Bad Sleep Well (Warui yatsu hodo yoku nemuru) is a 1960 film by the Japanese director Akira Kurosawa. ... Yojimbo (Japanese: 用心棒, Yōjinbō) is a 1961 jidaigeki (period drama) film by Akira Kurosawa. ... Sanjuro is the English title for Tsubaki SanjÅ«rō ), a 1962 black and white Japanese samurai film directed by Akira Kurosawa and starring Toshirō Mifune. ... High and Low (天国と地獄, Tengoku to jigoku, literally Heaven and Hell) is a 1963 film directed by Akira Kurosawa It tells the story of an executive named Kingo Gondo Toshirô Mifune who mortgages all he has to stage leveraged buyout and gain control of the National Shoe Company, with the intent... For other uses, see Red Beard (disambiguation) Red Beard (Japanese: 赤ひげ, Akahige) is a 1965 Japanese film directed by Akira Kurosawa about the relationship between a village doctor and his new trainee. ... Dodesukaden (どですかでん) is a film by Akira Kurosawa set in a Japanese rubbish dump in the period immediately following World War II. The film focuses on the fantasy life of its characters, focusing primarily on a mentally retarded boy who pretends to be a tram conductor by following a set route... Dersu Uzala (Russian: Дерсу Узала, Japanese: デルス ウザーラ; alternate U.S. title: Dersu Uzala: The Hunter) is a 1975 joint Soviet-Japanese film production directed by Akira Kurosawa. ... Kagemusha ) is a 1980 film by Akira Kurosawa. ... Ran chaos, war, revolt) is an Oscar-winning 1985 film written and directed by Japanese filmmaker Akira Kurosawa. ... Dreams — aka Akira Kurosawas Dreams, Yume (夢), I Saw a Dream Like This, Konna yume wo mita, or Such Dreams I Have Dreamed — is a 1990 portmanteau film based on actual dreams of the films director, Akira Kurosawa at different stages of his life. ... Rhapsody in August ) is a 1991 film by Akira Kurosawa. ... This was the last film of Akira Kurosawa. ...

Footnotes

See also

The Akira Kurosawa Memorial Short Film Competition is a major international short film awards ceremony, run by the Akira Kurosawa Foundation. ... While earlier samurai period pieces were more dramatic rather than action based, samurai movies post World War II have become more action based, with darker and more violent characters. ...

Further reading

  • Mitsuhiro Yoshimoto Kurosawa: Film Studies and Japanese Cinema ISBN 0-8223-2519-5
  • Akira Kurosawa. Something Like An Autobiography. Vintage Books USA, 1983. ISBN 0-394-71439-3
  • Stephen Prince. The Warrior's Camera. Princeton University Press, 1999. ISBN 0-691-01046-3
  • Donald Richie, Joan Mellen. The Films of Akira Kurosawa. University of California Press, 1999. ISBN 0-520-22037-4
  • Stuart Galbraith IV. The Emperor and the Wolf: The Lives and Films of Akira Kurosawa and Toshiro Mifune. Faber & Faber, 2002. ISBN 0-571-19982-8
  • Toshimitsu Shima. Kurosawa Akira no iru fukei. Shinchosha, 1991. ISBN 4-103-83501-X
  • Bert Cardullo. Akira Kurosawa: Interviews (Conversations with Filmmakers). University Press of Mississippi, 2007. ISBN 1-578-06997-1
  • James Goodwin. Akira Kurosawa and Intertextual Cinema. Johns Hopkins University Press, 1993. ISBN 0-801-84661-7
  • James Goodwin (editor). Perspectives on Akira Kurosawa. G.K. Hall & Co., 1994. ISBN 0-816-11993-7
  • Teruyo Nogami. Waiting on the Weather: Making Movies With Akira Kurosawa. Stone Bridge Press, 2006. ISBN 1-933-33009-0
  • Manuel Vidal Estevez. Akira Kurosawa. Ediciones Catedra S.A., 2004. ISBN 8-437-61131-8

External links

Awards
Preceded by
René Clément
for The Walls of Malapaga
Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film
1951
for Rashomon
Succeeded by
René Clément
for Forbidden Games
Preceded by
André Cayatte
for Justice Is Done
Golden Lion - Venice Film Festival
1951
for Rashomon
Succeeded by
René Clément
for Forbidden Games
Preceded by
Federico Fellini
for Amarcord
Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film
1975
for Dersu Uzala
Succeeded by
Jean-Jacques Annaud
for Black and White in Color
Preceded by
Francis Ford Coppola
for Apocalypse Now and Volker Schlöndorff
for The Tin Drum
Palme d'Or - Cannes Film Festival
1980
for Kagemusha (tied with Bob Fosse
for All That Jazz)
Succeeded by
Andrzej Wajda
for Man of Iron
Preceded by
Francis Ford Coppola
for Apocalypse Now
BAFTA Award for Best Direction
1980
for Kagemusha
Succeeded by
Louis Malle
for Atlantic City
Preceded by
Woody Allen
for Manhattan
César Award for Best Foreign Film
1981
for Kagemusha
Succeeded by
David Lynch
for The Elephant Man
Preceded by
Eastman Kodak, National Film Board of Canada
Academy Honorary Award
1990
Succeeded by
Sophia Loren, Myrna Loy
Persondata
NAME Kurosawa, Akira
ALTERNATIVE NAMES
SHORT DESCRIPTION
DATE OF BIRTH March 23, 1910(1910-03-23)
PLACE OF BIRTH Ota, Tokyo, Japan
DATE OF DEATH September 6, 1998
PLACE OF DEATH Setagaya, Tokyo, Japan

For the in-memory database management system, see In-memory database. ... The Japanese Movie Database ), commonly referred to as JMDB, is an online database of information about Japanese movies, actors, and production crew personnel. ... René Clément, born on March 18, 1913 in Bordeaux, in the Gironde département of France - died on March 17, 1996, in Monte Carlo, Monaco, was a film director and screenwriter. ... The Walls of Malapaga (Italian: Le mura di Malapaga, French: Au-delà des grilles (Beyond the Gates), is a 1949 Franco-Italian film co-production made by Francinex and Italia Produzione. ... The Academy Award (Oscar) for Best Foreign Language Film is a yearly US award for the best film in a language other than English, released in the period October - September in the country of origin. ... This page is about the 1950 film. ... René Clément, born on March 18, 1913 in Bordeaux, in the Gironde département of France - died on March 17, 1996, in Monte Carlo, Monaco, was a film director and screenwriter. ... Jeux interdits (Forbidden Games), is a 1952 French language motion picture based on the François Boyer novel, Les Jeux Inconnus about which Hollywood film critic Leonard Maltin said: Jeux interdits is almost unquestionably the most compelling and intensely poignant drama featuring young children ever filmed. ... André Cayatte (1909, Carcassonne–1989, Paris) was a French filmmaker and lawyer, who was known for his films on crime and justice. ... Justice Is Done (French: Justice est faite) is a 1950 French drama film directed by André Cayatte. ... The Golden Lion (it: Leone dOro) is the name of the highest prize given to a film at the Biennale Venice Film Festival. ... The Venice Film Festival ( ) is the oldest film festival in the world. ... This page is about the 1950 film. ... René Clément, born on March 18, 1913 in Bordeaux, in the Gironde département of France - died on March 17, 1996, in Monte Carlo, Monaco, was a film director and screenwriter. ... Jeux interdits (Forbidden Games), is a 1952 French language motion picture based on the François Boyer novel, Les Jeux Inconnus about which Hollywood film critic Leonard Maltin said: Jeux interdits is almost unquestionably the most compelling and intensely poignant drama featuring young children ever filmed. ... Federico Fellini (January 20, 1920 – October 31, 1993) was one of the most influential and widely revered film-makers of the 20th century. ... Amarcord (1973), directed by Federico Fellini, is a semi-autobiographical coming-of-age tale that combines poignancy with bawdy comedy. ... The Academy Award (Oscar) for Best Foreign Language Film is a yearly US award for the best film in a language other than English, released in the period October - September in the country of origin. ... Dersu Uzala (Russian: Дерсу Узала, Japanese: デルス ウザーラ; alternate U.S. title: Dersu Uzala: The Hunter) is a 1975 joint Soviet-Japanese film production directed by Akira Kurosawa. ... Jean-Jacques Annaud Jean-Jacques Annaud (born October 1, 1943) is a French film director. ... Noirs et blancs en couleur, (USA:Black and White in Color)was a 1976 war film directed by Jean Jacques Annaud on his directorial debut about French colonists at war with the Germans in Africa. ... Francis Ford Coppola (born April 7, 1939) is a five-time Academy Award winning American film director, producer, and screenwriter. ... Apocalypse Now is a 1979 Academy Award and Golden Globe winning American film set during the Vietnam War. ... Volker Schlondorff Volker Schlöndorff (born in Wiesbaden, Germany on March 31, 1939) is a Berlin-based German filmmaker. ... The Tin Drum (German: Die Blechtrommel) is a 1978 film adaptation of the novel of the same name by Günter Grass. ... Palme dOr The Palme dOr (Golden Palm) is the highest prize given to a film at the Cannes Film Festival. ... The Cannes Film Festival (French: le Festival de Cannes), founded in 1939, is one of the worlds oldest, most influential and prestigious film festivals. ... Kagemusha ) is a 1980 film by Akira Kurosawa. ... Bob Fosse, early promotional image Bob Fosse (June 23, 1927 – September 23, 1987) was a musical theater choreographer and director. ... All That Jazz is a 1979 musical film directed by Bob Fosse. ... Andrzej Wajda (born March 6, 1926 in SuwaÅ‚ki) is a Polish film director. ... Man of Iron (Polish: CzÅ‚owiek z żelaza) is a 1981 film directed by Andrzej Wajda about the Solidarity labor movements first success in getting the Polish government to recognize the workers right to an independent union. ... Francis Ford Coppola (born April 7, 1939) is a five-time Academy Award winning American film director, producer, and screenwriter. ... Apocalypse Now is a 1979 Academy Award and Golden Globe winning American film set during the Vietnam War. ... Winners of the BAFTA Award for Best Direction presented by the British Academy of Film and Television Arts. ... Kagemusha ) is a 1980 film by Akira Kurosawa. ... Louis Malle (October 30, 1932 – November 23, 1995) was an Academy Award nominated French film director, working in both French and English. ... For other uses, see Atlantic City (disambiguation). ... Woody Allen (born Allen Stewart Konigsberg; December 1, 1935) is a three-time Academy Award-winning American film director, writer, actor, jazz musician, comedian and playwright. ... Manhattan is a 1979 romantic comedy film. ... César Award for Best Foreign Film: 1976: Scent of a Woman (Italy), directed by Dino Risi 1977: We All Loved Each Other So Much (Italy), directed by Ettore Scola 1978: A Special Day (Italy), directed by Ettore Scola 1979: The Tree with the Wooden Clogs (Italy), directed by Ermanno... Kagemusha ) is a 1980 film by Akira Kurosawa. ... For other persons named David Lynch, see David Lynch (disambiguation). ... The Elephant Man is a 1980 biopic loosely based on the story of the 19th century British deformed celebrity, Joseph Merrick (called John Merrick in the film). ... Eastman Kodak Company (NYSE: EK) is an American multinational public company which produces photographic materials and equipment. ... The National Film Board of Canada (usually National Film Board or NFB) is a Canadian public filmmaking organization established to produce and distribute films that inform Canadians and promote Canada around the world. ... The Academy Honorary Award is given irregularly by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences to celebrate motion picture achievements that are not covered by existing Academy Awards. ... Sophia Loren (born September 20, 1934) is an Academy Award winning Italian film actress. ... Myrna Loy (August 2, 1905 – December 14, 1993) was an American motion picture actress. ... Japanese cinema (映画; Eiga) has a history in Japan that spans more than 100 years. ... Cinema of Japan This is chronological list of films produced in Japan in order. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... . ... . ... . ... is the 82nd day of the year (83rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... ÅŒta (Japanese: 大田区 -ku) is one of the 23 special wards of Tokyo, Japan. ... is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... Location of Setagaya-ku in Tokyo. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Akira Kurosawa - MSN Encarta (546 words)
Akira Kurosawa (1910-1998), Japanese motion-picture director, known worldwide for the variety and visual beauty of his films.
Kurosawa also directed motion pictures with contemporary settings, such as Ikiru (1952; To Live, 1960) and Akahige (Red Beard, 1965), but his historical films, including Shichinin o samurai (1954; The Seven Samurai, 1956), Yojimbo (1961; The Bodyguard, 1962), and Sanjuro (1962), attracted his largest following.
Deeply rooted in the Japanese samurai code of behavior, which extols working for the good of others and the subordination of selfish desires, Kurosawa's motion pictures were thought to possess universal appeal, and European and American filmmakers openly imitated them.
Akira Kurosawa - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1725 words)
Akira Kurosawa (黒澤 明 Kurosawa Akira, also 黒沢 明 in Shinjitai, 23 March 1910 6 September 1998) was a prominent Japanese film director, film producer, and screenwriter.
Kurosawa was born in Omori, Ota-ku, Tokyo, the youngest of seven children.
Another Kurosawa trademark was the use of weather elements to heighten mood: for example the heavy rain in the final battle in Seven Samurai and the fog in Throne of Blood.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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